Read by QxMD icon Read

Malignant ovarian germ cell tumor

Yuichiro Kizaki, Tomonori Nagai, Ken Ohara, Yosuke Gomi, Taichi Akahori, Yoshihisa Ono, Shigetaka Matsunaga, Yasushi Takai, Masahiro Saito, Kazunori Baba, Hiroyuki Seki
BACKGROUND: While ovarian mature cystic teratomas are benign ovarian germ-cell tumors and the most common type of all ovarian tumors, the formation of fistulas into surrounding organs such as the bladder and the intestinal tract is extremely rare. This report documents a case of ovarian mature cystic teratoma with a rectal fistula, thought to be caused by local inflammation. CASE DESCRIPTION: A pelvic mass was diagnosed as an ovarian mature cystic teratoma of approximately 10 cm in diameter on transvaginal ultrasound and magnetic resonance examinations...
2016: SpringerPlus
Faten Fedhila, Samar Rhayem, Habiba Hafsi, Wiem Douira, Raoudha Doghri, Monia Khemiri, Karima Mrad, Ibtissem Bellagha, Bechir Zouari, Sihem Barsaoui
Background Extracranial Germ cell tumors (GCT) are a rare and a heterogeneous group of pediatric cancers but highly curable. Aim We aimed to review management, outcome and prognostic factors that influence overall survival (OS) in a pediatric Tunisian oncologic unit. Methods We retrospectively evaluated between January 1998 and December 2012, 33 patients affected by extracranial germ cell tumors and treated according to TGM95 protocol established by the SFOPin a pediatric Tunisian oncologic unit. Results Patients had a mean age of 57 months (ranges: 1 day-13 years)...
April 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
Gabriele Calaminus, Jonathan Joffe
Germ cell tumors (GCTs) represent a group of biologically complex malignancies that affect patients at different sites within the body and at different ages. The varying nature of these tumors reflects their cell of origin which is the primordial germ cell, which normally gives rise to ovarian and testicular egg and sperm producing cells. These cells retain an ability to give rise to all types of human tissues, and this is illustrated by the different kinds of GCTs that occur. In adolescent and young adult (AYA) patients, GCTs predominantly present as testicular, ovarian or mediastinal primary GCTs, and represent some of the most complex therapeutic challenges within any AYA practice...
2016: Progress in Tumor Research
Robert J Morgan, Deborah K Armstrong, Ronald D Alvarez, Jamie N Bakkum-Gamez, Kian Behbakht, Lee-May Chen, Larry Copeland, Marta Ann Crispens, Maria DeRosa, Oliver Dorigo, David M Gershenson, Heidi J Gray, Ardeshir Hakam, Laura J Havrilesky, Carolyn Johnston, Shashikant Lele, Lainie Martin, Ursula A Matulonis, David M O'Malley, Richard T Penson, Sanja Percac-Lima, Mario Pineda, Steven C Plaxe, Matthew A Powell, Elena Ratner, Steven W Remmenga, Peter G Rose, Paul Sabbatini, Joseph T Santoso, Theresa L Werner, Jennifer Burns, Miranda Hughes
This selection from the NCCN Guidelines for Ovarian Cancer focuses on the less common ovarian histopathologies (LCOHs), because new algorithms were added for LCOHs and current algorithms were revised for the 2016 update. The new LCOHs algorithms include clear cell carcinomas, mucinous carcinomas, and grade 1 (low-grade) serous carcinomas/endometrioid epithelial carcinomas. The LCOHs also include carcinosarcomas (malignant mixed Müllerian tumors of the ovary), borderline epithelial tumors (also known as low malignant potential tumors), malignant sex cord-stromal tumors, and malignant germ cell tumors...
September 2016: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
David M Gershenson, A Lindsay Frazier
One of the most extraordinary stories in the chronicles of gynecologic cancers has been that of malignant ovarian germ cell tumors. Prior to the mid-1960s, most patients died of disease. Fifty years later, most survive. Precisely because high cure rates are achievable, the concentration over the past decade has been on minimizing toxicity and late effects. The present review focuses on five areas of interest related to the management of malignant ovarian germ cell tumors that highlight the different therapeutic strategies practiced by pediatric and gynecologic oncologists: 1) primary surgery, 2) surgery alone (surveillance) for patients with FIGO stage IA disease, 3) postoperative management of FIGO stage IC-III disease, 4) postoperative management of pure immature teratoma, and 5) postoperative management of metastatic pure dysgerminoma...
August 25, 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
Liang Cheng, Bingjian Lyu, Lawrence M Roth
Our knowledge of testicular germ cell neoplasms has progressed in the last few decades due to the description of germ cell neoplasia in situ (GCNIS) and a variety of specific forms of intratubular germ cell neoplasia, the discovery of isochromosome 12p and its importance in the development of invasiveness in germ cell tumors (GCTs), the identification of specific transcription factors for GCTs, and the recognition that a teratomatous component in mixed GCT represents terminal differentiation. Isochromosome 12p and 12p overrepresentation, collectively referred to as 12p amplification, are fundamental abnormalities that account for many types of malignant GCTs of the testis...
August 25, 2016: Human Pathology
Tetsutaro Sumiyoshi, Kaoru Sato, Hitomi Yamamoto, Yuka W Iwasaki, Haruhiko Siomi, Mikiko C Siomi
In Drosophila germ cells, PIWI-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) are amplified through a PIWI slicer-dependent feed-forward loop termed the ping-pong cycle, yielding secondary piRNAs. However, the detailed mechanism remains poorly understood, largely because an ex vivo model system amenable to biochemical analyses has not been available. Here, we show that CRISPR-mediated loss of function of lethal (3) malignant brain tumor [l(3)mbt] leads to ectopic activation of the germ-specific ping-pong cycle in ovarian somatic cells...
July 15, 2016: Genes & Development
Hyun-Mi Lee, Kyeong A So, Mi Kyung Kim, Yoo Kyung Lee, In-Ho Lee, Tae-Jin Kim, Ki Heon Lee
Ovarian tumors are relatively rare in children and adolescent. The incidence of malignancies in these groups is 1% to 1.5%. The common histologic type is non-epithelial type such as germ cell tumors or sex cord-stromal tumors and only 10% to 17% of those are epithelial tumors. It is important to accurately diagnose in the early these rare tumors for proper staging and treatment to save the patient's life and fertility. We present a case of a 13-year-old girl with a giant ovarian mucinous borderline tumor.
July 2016: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
Ting Zhao, Yan Liu, Hongyuan Jiang, Hao Zhang, Yuan Lu
Bilateral malignant ovarian germ cell tumors (MOGCTs) are rare. Determination of the optimal treatment modalities is crucial, as these malignancies mainly affect girls and young women who may wish to preserve their fertility. In order to review the prevalence, clinical characteristics, treatment and outcome of bilateral MOGCTs, we performed a retrospective review of patients who were diagnosed with bilateral MOGCTs and underwent primary surgery at the Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University (Shanghai, China) between January, 2001 and December, 2014...
August 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Ayke J Hermans, Kirsten B Kluivers, Laura M Janssen, Albert G Siebers, Marc H W A Wijnen, Johan Bulten, Leon F A G Massuger, Sjors F P J Coppus
OBJECTIVE: To provide an accurate incidence of adnexal masses in children and young women which can significantly improve the performance of current risk prediction models. METHODS: We used the PALGA database, a nationwide network and registry of histopathology and cytopathology, as the primary source of our study. Reports on ovarian histology of girls, years 1991-2014, and women aged 21-39, years 2011-2013, were included. Reports were labeled using the WHO-classification and classified as benign, borderline malignant, or malignant...
October 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
Hong-Lan Zhu, Dong-Mei Bao, Yue Wang, Dan-Hua Shen, Yi Li, Heng Cui
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 20, 2016: Chinese Medical Journal
Thibault de la Motte Rouge, Patricia Pautier, Catherine Genestie, Annie Rey, Sébastien Gouy, Alexandra Leary, Christine Haie-Meder, Pierre Kerbrat, Stéphane Culine, Karim Fizazi, Catherine Lhommé
BACKGROUND: The ovarian yolk sac tumor (OYST) is a very rare malignancy arising in young women. Our objective was to determine whether an early decline in serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) during chemotherapy has a prognostic impact. METHODS: This retrospective study is based on prospectively recorded OYST cases at Gustave Roussy (Cancer Treatment Center). Survival curves were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. The serum AFP decline was calculated with the formula previously developed and validated in male patients with poor prognosis non-seminomatous germ cell tumors...
September 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
Jin Li, Xiaohua Wu
The necessity and extent of comprehensive surgical staging (CSS) and lymphadenectomy in the treatment of malignant ovarian germ cell tumors (MOGCTs) is still controversial. However, it is uniformly agreed that CSS with lymphadenectomy is crucial to follow up patients without adjuvant chemotherapy in stage I MOGCTs. Considering the chemotherapy-sensitive nature of MOGCTs, fertility-sparing cytoreductive surgery (FSCS) seems a reasonable approach in initial treatment for patients with advanced stage. When encountered with bilateral MOGCTs, debulking is surely granted if there is no desire for fertility...
August 2016: Current Treatment Options in Oncology
S Ohfuji
Spontaneous ovarian teratoma was found in a seven-week-old female Chunky broiler chicken that was slaughtered for food. On post-mortem inspection, a spherical tumor mass attaching to a juvenile ovary was found in the abdominal cavity. Histopathologically, the tumor was comprised of immature mesenchymal stroma and a variety of mature tissue elements of mesodermal and ectodermal origin. In addition, there were multiple indistinguishable tissue elements, which showed no malignant cytological features but were unidentifiable as to corresponding embryological layer of origin...
2016: Open veterinary journal
Caroline Friedman, Tamatha Fenster
BACKGROUND: Malignant ovarian germ cell tumors are rare entities, although they account for a large proportion of ovarian masses in young women. These tumors have traditionally been removed via laparotomy, because of their large size and solid nature. The use of laparoscopy for treatment of adnexal masses in adolescents has been heavily debated and poorly studied to date. CASE: A 16-year-old female patient presented with abdominal pain and an 11-cm adnexal mass on ultrasound...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
Julie My Van Nguyen, Genevieve Bouchard-Fortier, Sarah E Ferguson, Allan Covens
OBJECTIVES: Growing teratoma syndrome (GTS) after adjuvant chemotherapy for ovarian germ cell tumors is uncommon, with approximately 60 cases reported in the English literature. The objective of this study was to report clinical parameters including outcomes of patients with a diagnosis of GTS after adjuvant chemotherapy for ovarian immature teratoma (IT). METHODS AND MATERIALS: Patients with a condition diagnosed as ovarian IT between 1999 and 2014 at 2 tertiary-care academic centers were evaluated for the development of GTS...
September 2016: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Soheila Aminimoghaddam, Iman Mohseni, Azadeh Afzalzadeh, Shooka Esmaeeli
BACKGROUND: This research was conducted to introduce a patient with rare ovarian mixed germ cell tumor, presented as molar pregnancy. CASE PRESENTATION: The patient was a 16 year old woman admitted with diagnosis of molar pregnancy. Abdominal enlargement was the only complaint. She had a large pelvic mass in physical examination. The first diagnosis was molar pregnancy due to previous ultrasonic reports and positive βeta HCG. Urine pregnancy test was positive. As suction curettage was performed for her, surprisingly, the size of uterus was normal and no molar tissue was found in pathologic examination...
April 2016: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
Gerald Dafe Forae, Jonathan Umezulike Aligbe
BACKGROUND: Ovarian tumors ranked high among gynecological tumor globally. Reports have it that ovarian tumors cut across all age groups, but more common in adult females. Currently, ovarian cancer is the 4(th) most common cancer in terms of incidence and mortality patterns in women globally. To highlight the frequency and histological types of ovarian tumors in a private practice establishment in Benin-City, Southern Nigeria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Hematoxylin and eosin stained-slides of ovarian biopsies diagnosed at the Ashamas Foundation Diagnostic Centre, Benin-City for 10 years were archived and studied...
2016: Advanced Biomedical Research
Arin L Madenci, Bat-Sheva Levine, Marc R Laufer, Theonia K Boyd, Stephan D Voss, A Lindsay Frazier, Christopher B Weldon
PURPOSE: Historically, surgical staging practices for pediatric malignant ovarian tumors mirrored adult guidelines. In 2004, the Children's Oncology Group (COG) developed guidelines specific to pediatric patients with ovarian germ cell tumors. We sought to characterize the operative management of pediatric ovarian lesions and adherence to COG surgical staging guidelines. METHODS: We conducted a single institution, retrospective study of pediatric patients who underwent surgical intervention for ovarian lesions between 1995 and 2012...
September 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Yu-Ping Gao, Ji-Yao Jiang, Qiang Liu
Although primary central nervous system (CNS) germ cell tumors (GCTs) are one of the most treatable types of malignant brain tumor, a subset of patients remain resistant to standard chemotherapy. Gain-of-function mutations of the c-Kit gene, and KIT protein expression, have been observed in a number of GCTs, including testicular seminoma, ovarian dysgerminoma and mediastinal seminoma in various ethnic groups. Although a small number of studies have reported the role of c-Kit in CNS GCTs, few have focused on Chinese patients exhibiting CNS GCTs...
May 2016: Oncology Letters
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"