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Native American disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672082/predicting-ptsd-severity-from-experiences-of-trauma-and-heterosexism-in-lesbian-and-bisexual-women-a-longitudinal-study-of-cognitive-mediators
#1
Emily R Dworkin, Amanda K Gilmore, Michele Bedard-Gilligan, Keren Lehavot, Katarína Guttmannova, Debra Kaysen
Sexual minority women (SMW) are at high risk of trauma exposure and, subsequently, the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The authors extended a theoretical model explaining the higher risk of mental disorders in minority populations to the maintenance and exacerbation of PTSD symptoms among young adult SMW specifically. This study used observational longitudinal data from a sample of 348 trauma-exposed 18- to 25-year-old individuals assigned female sex at birth who identified as either bisexual (60...
April 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671857/disseminating-information-on-trauma-screening-brief-intervention-and-referral-to-treatment-in-a-tribal-health-setting-a-case-study
#2
Jaedon P Avey, Vanessa Y Hiratsuka, Lisa G Dirks, Laurie A Moore, Barbara Beach, Douglas K Novins, Karen Caindec, Denise A Dillard
Exposure to trauma is consistently associated with co-occurrence of behavioral health disorders. Primary care settings are opportune places to screen for traumatic experiences and symptoms, as they are often the initial point of care for behavioral health concerns by the Alaska Native and American Indian (AN/AI) population. In this case study, we examine results dissemination activities at the SCF Research Department-hosted 2016 Alaska Native Health Research Forum (Forum) of a pilot study of a trauma-focused screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (T-SBIRT) process for AN/AI adults in primary care...
2018: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667523/irritability-externalizing-and-internalizing-psychopathology-in-adolescence-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-associations-and-moderation-by-sex
#3
Kathryn L Humphreys, Sophie N F Schouboe, Katharina Kircanski, Ellen Leibenluft, Argyris Stringaris, Ian H Gotlib
Irritability is a common feature of many psychiatric disorders, including both externalizing and internalizing disorders. There is little research, however, examining associations between irritability and these symptom domains, particularly during the important developmental period of adolescence, characterized by sex differences in the prevalence of disorders. We examined the cross-sectional associations between irritability, measured with the Affective Reactivity Index, and symptoms of externalizing and internalizing domains of psychopathology, measured with the Youth Self Report, in a volunteer community sample (N = 183) of 9- to 13-year-old (M = 11...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555689/suicide-after-deliberate-self-harm-in-adolescents-and-young-adults
#4
Mark Olfson, Melanie Wall, Shuai Wang, Stephen Crystal, Jeffrey A Bridge, Shang-Min Liu, Carlos Blanco
OBJECTIVES: Among adolescents and young adults with nonfatal self-harm, our objective is to identify risk factors for repeated nonfatal self-harm and suicide death over the following year. METHODS: A national cohort of patients in the Medicaid program, aged 12 to 24 years ( n = 32 395), was followed for up to 1 year after self-harm. Cause of death information was obtained from the National Death Index. Repeat self-harm per 1000 person-years and suicide deaths per 100 000 person-years were determined...
March 19, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554692/trends-in-racial-ethnic-and-nativity-disparities-in-cardiovascular-health-among-adults-without-prevalent-cardiovascular-disease-in-the-united-states-1988-to-2014
#5
Arleen F Brown, Li-Jung Liang, Stefanie D Vassar, Jose J Escarce, Sharon Stein Merkin, Eric Cheng, Adam Richards, Teresa Seeman, W T Longstreth
Background: Trends in cardiovascular disparities are poorly understood, even as diversity increases in the United States. Objective: To examine U.S. trends in racial/ethnic and nativity disparities in cardiovascular health. Design: Repeated cross-sectional study. Setting: NHANES (National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey), 1988 to 2014. Participants: Adults aged 25 years or older who did not report cardiovascular disease...
March 20, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535241/moving-away-from-the-tip-of-the-pyramid-screening-and-brief-intervention-for-risky-alcohol-and-opioid-use-in-underserved-patients
#6
Kamilla L Venner, Victoria Sánchez, Jacqueline Garcia, Robert L Williams, Andrew L Sussman
PURPOSE: Rates of risky substance use and substance use disorders are high in primary-care practices, yet the adoption of universal screening and brief intervention (SBI) has been slow and uneven. This study aimed to describe SBI-related attitudes, practices, and perspectives regarding practice change among medical providers in a minority-majority state. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional, on-line survey of a practice-based research network of medical providers serving predominantly Hispanic/Latinx and Native American patients in rural and urban settings...
March 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488871/an-argument-for-self-report-as-a-reference-standard-in-audiology
#7
Andrew J Vermiglio, Sigfrid D Soli, Xiangming Fang
BACKGROUND: The primary components of a diagnostic accuracy study are an index test, the target condition (or disorder), and a reference standard. According to the Standards for Reporting Diagnostic Accuracy statement, the reference standard should be the best method available to independently determine if the results of an index test are correct. Pure-tone thresholds have been used as the "gold standard" for the validation of some tests used in audiology. Many studies, however, have shown a lack of agreement between the audiogram and the patient's perception of hearing ability...
March 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470596/mental-health-burden-in-a-national-sample-of-american-indian-and-alaska-native-adults-differences-between-multiple-race-and-single-race-subgroups
#8
Nancy L Asdigian, Ursula Running Bear, Janette Beals, Spero M Manson, Carol E Kaufman
PURPOSE: Research on American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) mental health disparities is based largely on either tribal populations or national samples of adults that do not account for multiracial AIANs, even though over 40% of AIANs identify with multiple racial groups. The present investigation extends this research by assessing mental health status in a national sample of multiracial AIAN adults relative to adults who identify exclusively as either AIAN or White. METHODS: 2012 BRFSS data were used to conduct multinomial logistic regression analyses comparing mental health outcomes among respondents who identified as either AIAN and one or more other races (AIAN-MR), AIAN-Single Race (AIAN-SR), or White-SR...
February 22, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433107/alcohol-withdrawal-hallucinations-in-the-general-population-an-epidemiological-study
#9
Massoud Stephane, Bachaar Arnaout, Gihyun Yoon
Hallucinations are sometimes encountered in the course of alcohol withdrawal; however, both the factors predisposing to alcohol withdrawal hallucinations (AWH) and the implications of AWH with respect to the mechanisms of hallucinations remain unclear. To clarify these issues, we used data from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC) to investigate the demographic correlates, alcohol-use clinical patterns, and psychiatric comorbidities in two groups: drinkers with and without a history of AWH...
February 5, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278950/the-effect-of-different-speaker-accents-on-sentence-comprehension-in-children-with-speech-sound-disorder
#10
Jennifer Harte, Pauline Frizelle, Fiona Gibbon
There is substantial evidence that a speaker's accent, specifically an unfamiliar accent, can affect the listener's comprehension. In general, this effect holds true for both adults and children as well as those with typical and impaired language. Previous studies have investigated the effect of different accents on individuals with language disorders, but children with speech sound disorders (SSDs) have received little attention. The current study aims to learn more about the ability of children with SSD to process different speaker accents...
December 26, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241081/does-misuse-lead-to-a-disorder-the-misuse-of-prescription-tranquilizer-and-sedative-medications-and-subsequent-substance-use-disorders-in-a-u-s-longitudinal-sample
#11
C J Boyd, B West, S E McCabe
OBJECTIVES: We used two waves of National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC) data and examined whether the misuse of prescription tranquilizers or sedatives at Wave 1 was associated with either continued misuse, tranquilizer/sedative use disorder, or other substance use disorder (SUD) at Wave 2. METHODS: Prospective data were analyzed from structured diagnostic interviews using the Alcohol Use disorders and Associated Disabilities Interview Schedule: DSM-IV Version (AUDADIS-DSM-IV)...
April 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066237/huntington-s-disease-like-2-with-an-expansion-mutation-of-the-junctophilin-3-gene-first-reported-case-from-botswana
#12
C Ocampo, R Daimari, A A Oyekunle
Huntington's disease-like 2 (HDL2) is a rare autosomal dominant progressive neurodegenerative disorder commonly seen in adults. It was first described in a large African-American family in the United States. HDL2 clinically resembles Huntington's disease (HD) and causes adult-onset relentlessly progressive movement, emotional and cognitive dysfunction. Onset is usually in the fourth decade with slow progression to death. We present a 47-year-old male Botswana native, with a four-year-history of chorea, slurred speech, mood instability, cognitive impairment and weight loss...
January 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042288/mast-cell-degranulation-and-calcium-influx-are-inhibited-by-an-echinacea-purpurea-extract-and-the-alkylamide-dodeca-2e-4e-dienoic-acid-isobutylamide
#13
Travis V Gulledge, Nicholas M Collette, Emily Mackey, Stephanie E Johnstone, Yasamin Moazami, Daniel A Todd, Adam J Moeser, Joshua G Pierce, Nadja B Cech, Scott M Laster
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Native Americans used plants from the genus Echinacea to treat a variety of different inflammatory conditions including swollen gums, sore throats, skin inflammation, and gastrointestinal disorders. Today, various Echinacea spp. preparations are used primarily to treat upper respiratory infections. AIM OF THE STUDY: The goal of this study was to evaluate the effects of an ethanolic E. purpurea (L) Moench root extract and the alkylamide dodeca-2E,4E-dienoic acid isobutylamide (A15) on mast cells, which are important mediators of allergic and inflammatory responses...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036206/risk-characterization-of-hospitalizations-for-mental-illness-and-or-behavioral-disorders-with-concurrent-heat-related-illness
#14
Michael T Schmeltz, Janet L Gamble
BACKGROUND: Many studies have found significant associations between high ambient temperatures and increases in heat-related morbidity and mortality. Several studies have demonstrated that increases in heat-related hospitalizations are elevated among individuals with diagnosed mental illnesses and/or behavioral disorders (MBD). However, there are a limited number of studies regarding risk factors associated with specific mental illnesses that contribute, at least in part, to heat-related illnesses (HRI) in the United States...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023818/commentary-on-montag-et-al-2017-the-importance-of-cbpr-in-fasd-prevention-with-american-indian-communities
#15
Jessica D Hanson, Tess L Weber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021119/a-pilot-randomized-trial-of-motivational-interviewing-compared-to-psycho-education-for-reducing-and-preventing-underage-drinking-in-american-indian-adolescents
#16
David A Gilder, Jennifer R Geisler, Juan A Luna, Daniel Calac, Peter M Monti, Nichea S Spillane, Juliet P Lee, Roland S Moore, Cindy L Ehlers
Underage drinking is an important public health issue for American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) adolescents, as it is for U. S. teens of all ethnicities. One of the demonstrated risk factors for the development of alcohol use disorders in AI/AN is early age of initiation of drinking. To address this issue a randomized trial to assess the efficacy of Motivational Interviewing (MI) compared to Psycho-Education (PE) to reduce and prevent underage drinking in AI/AN youth was developed and implemented. Sixty-nine youth received MI or PE and 87% were assessed at follow-up...
November 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905220/haplotype-study-in-sca10-families-provides-further-evidence-for-a-common-ancestral-origin-of-the-mutation
#17
Giovana B Bampi, Rafael Bisso-Machado, Tábita Hünemeier, Tailise C Gheno, Gabriel V Furtado, Diego Veliz-Otani, Mario Cornejo-Olivas, Pillar Mazzeti, Maria Cátira Bortolini, Laura B Jardim, Maria Luiza Saraiva-Pereira
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 10 (SCA10) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disorder characterized by progressive cerebellar ataxia and epilepsy. The disease is caused by a pentanucleotide ATTCT expansion in intron 9 of the ATXN10 gene on chromosome 22q13.3. SCA10 has shown a geographical distribution throughout America with a likely degree of Amerindian ancestry from different countries so far. Currently available data suggest that SCA10 mutation might have spread out early during the peopling of the Americas...
December 2017: Neuromolecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832883/association-between-mitochondrial-dna-haplogroup-variation-and-autism-spectrum-disorders
#18
Dimitra Chalkia, Larry N Singh, Jeremy Leipzig, Maria Lvova, Olga Derbeneva, Anita Lakatos, Dexter Hadley, Hakon Hakonarson, Douglas C Wallace
Importance: Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are characterized by impairments in social interaction, communication, and repetitive or restrictive behavior. Although multiple physiologic and biochemical studies have reported defects in mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation in patients with ASD, the role of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) variation has remained relatively unexplored. Objective: To assess what impact mitochondrial lineages encompassing ancient mtDNA functional polymorphisms, termed haplogroups, have on ASD risk...
November 1, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815635/associations-between-genomic-variants-in-alcohol-dehydrogenase-genes-and-alcohol-symptomatology-in-american-indians-and-european-americans-distinctions-and-convergence
#19
Qian Peng, Ian R Gizer, Kirk C Wilhelmsen, Cindy L Ehlers
BACKGROUND: Higher rates of alcohol use disorders (AUD) have been observed in some Native American populations than other ethnic groups such as European Americans (EAs) in the United States. Previous studies have shown that variation in the alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) genes may affect the risk for development of AUD and that the prevalence of these variants differs depending on the ancestral origins of a population. METHODS: In this study, we assessed sequencing variants in the ADH genomic region (ADH1-7) and tested for their associations with AUD phenotypes in 2 independent populations: an American Indian (AI) community sample and an EA cohort from the San Francisco Family Alcohol Study...
October 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812287/racial-discrimination-and-mental-health-in-the-usa-testing-the-reverse-racism-hypothesis
#20
Bongki Woo
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined whether the health disadvantages consequent of racial discrimination experienced by four racial/ethnic minority groups are equivalent with that of the dominant racial group. METHOD: Data was derived from the 2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. Logistic regression and heterogeneous choice models were used to test the moderating role of race/ethnicity in regards to the associations between racial discrimination and ten DSM-V diagnoses...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
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