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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619686/low-dose-bmp-2-is-sufficient-to-enhance-the-bone-formation-induced-by-an-injectable-plga-fiber-reinforced-brushite-forming-cement-in-a-sheep-defect-model-of-lumbar-osteopenia
#1
Francesca Gunnella, Elke Kunisch, Matthias Bungartz, Stefan Maenz, Victoria Horbert, Long Xin, Joerg Mika, Juliane Borowski, Sabine Bischoff, Harald Schubert, Peter Hortschansky, Andre Sachse, Bernhard Illerhaus, Jens Günster, Jörg Bossert, Klaus D Jandt, Frank Plöger, Raimund W Kinne, Olaf Brinkmann
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Bioresorbable calcium phosphate cement (CPC) may be suitable for vertebroplasty/kyphoplasty of osteoporotic vertebral fractures. However, additional targeted delivery of osteoinductive bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) in the CPC may be required to counteract the augmented local bone catabolism and support complete bone regeneration. PURPOSE: The study aimed at testing an injectable, poly (l-lactide-co-glycolide) acid (PLGA)-fiber reinforced, brushite-forming cement (CPC) containing low-dose bone morphogenetic protein BMP-2 in a sheep lumbar osteopenia model...
June 12, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617560/influence-of-vegf-bmp-2-on-the-proliferation-and-osteogenetic-differentiation-of-rat-bone-mesenchymal-stem-cells-on-plga-gelatin-composite-scaffold
#2
G An, W-B Zhang, D-K Ma, B Lu, G-J Wei, Y Guang, C-H Ru, Y-S Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of VEGF/BMP-2 on the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of rat bone mesenchymal stem cells BMSCs) on PLGA/gelatin composite scaffold. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Randomly-oriented nanofibers with different ratios of Poly Lactic-co-Glycolic Acid (PLGA)/gelatin were produced through electrospinning. The mixture of nanofibers and BMSCs was pipetted onto the surface of the scaffolds, and BMSCs/PLGA/gelatin composite was obtained...
May 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615811/adipokine-concentrations-in-lipoaspirates-may-have-a-role-in-wound-healing
#3
Christian Herold, Stefan Engeli, Bibiana Beckmann, Peter M Vogt, Hans-Oliver Rennekampff
OBJECTIVES: In addition to its use as a volume filler, fat grafting may have a potential role in wound healing based on the concentration of growth factors in the lipoaspirate. In this study, we compare the quantitative and qualitative concentration of the various growth factors and adipokines using the Shippert or the Coleman techniques to prepare the lipoaspirate. METHODS: We measured leptin, adiponectin and the growth factors, i.e., acidic fibroblast growth factor (aFGF), basic FGF (bFGF), keratinocyte growth factor (KGF), bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) by ELISA in solid and liquid fractions obtained with both techniques in human fat obtained with Coleman technique and Shippert technique...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612305/the-cardiovascular-effect-of-single-injection-and-toxicologic-effects-of-repetitive-2-week-intravenous-administration-of-activin-a-bmp-2-chimera-in-beagle-dog
#4
Jae Hyup Lee, Senyon Choe, Shihuan Han
This study was performed for the purpose to evaluate the effect of activin A/BMP-2 chimera (AB204) on cardiovascular system and toxicological effect in beagle dogs. When administered AB204 at the dose of 0.32 mg/kg via intravenous injection in beagle dogs, there were no changes in systolic, diastolic and mean blood pressure as well as in pulse rate, in addition that there were no differences in ORS complex, PR interval, R-R interval, QT interval and QTcV interval on the electrocardiography. Also, when administered AB204 at the doses of 0...
June 13, 2017: Cardiovascular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611369/enhanced-chondrogenesis-of-bone-marrow-derived-stem-cells-by-using-a-combinatory-cell-therapy-strategy-with-bmp-2-tgf-%C3%AE-1-hypoxia-and-col1a1-htra1-sirnas
#5
Florence Legendre, David Ollitrault, Tangni Gomez-Leduc, Mouloud Bouyoucef, Magalie Hervieu, Nicolas Gruchy, Frédéric Mallein-Gerin, Sylvain Leclercq, Magali Demoor, Philippe Galéra
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) hold promise for cartilage engineering. Here, we aimed to determine the best culture conditions to induce chondrogenesis of MSCs isolated from bone marrow (BM) of aged osteoarthritis (OA) patients. We showed that these BM-MSCs proliferate slowly, are not uniformly positive for stem cell markers, and maintain their multilineage potential throughout multiple passages. The chondrogenic lineage of BM-MSCs was induced in collagen scaffolds, under normoxia or hypoxia, by BMP-2 and/or TGF-β1...
June 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611356/the-osteogenesis-promoting-effects-of-alpha-lipoic-acid-against-glucocorticoid-induced-osteoporosis-through-the-nox4-nf-kappab-jnk-and-pi3k-akt-pathways
#6
Shi-Yu Lu, Chang-Yuan Wang, Yue Jin, Qiang Meng, Qi Liu, Zhi-Hao Liu, Ke-Xin Liu, Hui-Jun Sun, Mo-Zhen Liu
Recently, accumulating evidence has indicated that glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis (GIOP) is closely related to oxidative stress and apoptosis. Alpha-lipoic acid (LA), a naturally endogenous anti-oxidant, possesses anti-oxidative and anti-apoptosis activities, implicating LA as a therapeutic agent for the treatment of GIOP. In this study, the osteogenesis-promoting effects of LA against GIOP were investigated and the mechanisms were further probed. Here, the results showed that LA inhibited oxidative stress, suppressed apoptosis and improved osteopenia by promoting the expression of osteogenesis markers, including ALP, COL-I, OCN, BMP-2, RUNX2 and OSX...
June 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608421/polydopamine-mediated-assembly-of-hydroxyapatite-nanoparticles-and-bone-morphogenetic-protein-2-on-magnesium-alloys-for-enhanced-corrosion-resistance-and-bone-regeneration
#7
Yanan Jiang, Bi Wang, Zhanrong Jia, Xiong Lu, Liming Fang, Kefeng Wang, Fuzeng Ren
Magnesium alloys have the great potential to be used as orthopaedic implants due to their biodegradability and mechanical resemblance to human cortical bone. However, the rapid degradation in physiological environment with the evolution of hydrogen gas release hinders their clinical applications. In this study, we developed a novel functional and biocompatible coating strategy through polydopamine mediated assembly of hydroxyapatite nanoparticles and growth factor, bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2), onto the surface of AZ31 Mg alloys...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601071/two-variants-of-recombinant-human-bone-morphogenetic-protein-2-rhbmp-2-with-additional-protein-domains-synthesis-in-an-escherichia-coli-heterologous-expression-system
#8
A S Karyagina, I S Boksha, T M Grunina, A V Demidenko, M S Poponova, O V Sergienko, A M Lyashchuk, Z M Galushkina, L A Soboleva, E O Osidak, M S Bartov, A V Gromov, V G Lunin
Two variants of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) with additional N-terminal protein domains were obtained by expression in E. coli. The N-terminal domains were s-tag (15-a.a. oligopeptide from bovine pancreatic ribonuclease A) and lz (leucine zipper dimerization domain from yeast transcription factor GCN4). The s-tag-BMP-2 and lz-BMP-2 were purified by a procedure that excluded a long refolding stage. The resulting dimeric proteins displayed higher solubility compared to rhBMP-2 without additional protein domains...
May 2017: Biochemistry. Biokhimii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597211/characterization-and-use-of-equine-bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-equine-cartilage-engineering-study-of-their-hyaline-cartilage-forming-potential-when-cultured-under-hypoxia-within-a-biomaterial-in-the-presence-of-bmp-2-and-tgf-%C3%A3-1
#9
Thomas Branly, Lélia Bertoni, Romain Contentin, Rodolphe Rakic, Tangni Gomez-Leduc, Mélanie Desancé, Magalie Hervieu, Florence Legendre, Sandrine Jacquet, Fabrice Audigié, Jean-Marie Denoix, Magali Demoor, Philippe Galéra
Articular cartilage presents a poor capacity for self-repair. Its structure-function are frequently disrupted or damaged upon physical trauma or osteoarthritis in humans. Similar musculoskeletal disorders also affect horses and are the leading cause of poor performance or early retirement of sport- and racehorses. To develop a therapeutic solution for horses, we tested the autologous chondrocyte implantation technique developed on human bone marrow (BM) mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) on horse BM-MSCs. This technique involves BM-MSC chondrogenesis using a combinatory approach based on the association of 3D-culture in collagen sponges, under hypoxia in the presence of chondrogenic factors (BMP-2 + TGF-β1) and siRNA to knockdown collagen I and HtrA1...
June 9, 2017: Stem Cell Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595186/age-related-insulin-like-growth-factor-binding-protein-4-overexpression-inhibits-osteogenic-differentiation-of-rat-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#10
Jinhui Wu, Chao Wang, Xiong Miao, Yungang Wu, Jiabin Yuan, Muchen Ding, Jingfeng Li, Zhicai Shi
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Insulin-like growth factor binding proteins (IGFBP) play important roles in bone metabolism. IGFBP4 is involved in senescent-associated phenomena in mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). The goal of the present study was to determine whether age-related IGFBP4 overexpression is associated with the impaired osteogenic differentiation potential of aged bone marrow derived MSCs. METHODS: MSCs were isolated from Sprague-Dawley rats aged 3-26 months. The bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-2-induced osteogenic differentiation of rat MSCs was assessed by analyzing the expression levels of osteoblast marker genes [runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and osteocalcin (OC)], ALP activity and calcification...
June 9, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592312/vertical-bone-regeneration-using-rhbmp-2-and-vegf
#11
Lara Schorn, Christoph Sproll, Michelle Ommerborn, Christian Naujoks, Norbert R Kübler, Rita Depprich
BACKGROUND: Sufficient vertical and lateral bone supply and a competent osteogenic healing process are prerequisities for the successful osseointegration of dental implants in the alveolar bone. Several techniques including autologous bone grafts and guided bone regeneration are applied to improve quality and quantity of bone at the implantation site. Depending on the amount of lacking bone one- or two-stage procedures are required. Vertical bone augmentation has proven to be a challenge particularly in terms of bone volume stability...
June 7, 2017: Head & Face Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587363/local-influence-of-high-molecular-polyethylene-particles-on-heterotopic-ossification
#12
Lin-Ru Zeng, Fang-Bing Zhu, Jian-Yue Wang, Qiao Hou, Zhen-Shuang Yue, Shi-Gui Yan, Ren-Fu Quan, Ying-Liang Zhang
We studied the effect of molecular polyethylene particles on local heterotopic ossification. A total of 36 healthy Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into the control group (n=18) and the observation group (n=18). High molecular polyethylene particles were injected to rupture Achilles tendon position in the observation group, and normal saline was injected in the control group. X-ray examinations were conducted on Achilles tendon in the 4th, 8th and 12th week after operation. The incidence rate of heterotopic ossification was evaluated, and bone trabecula morphological structure was studied under optical microscope after hematoxylin and eosin staining...
June 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586346/3d-bioprinting-of-methacrylated-hyaluronic-acid-meha-hydrogel-with-intrinsic-osteogenicity
#13
Michelle T Poldervaart, Birgit Goversen, Mylene de Ruijter, Anna Abbadessa, Ferry P W Melchels, F Cumhur Öner, Wouter J A Dhert, Tina Vermonden, Jacqueline Alblas
In bone regenerative medicine there is a need for suitable bone substitutes. Hydrogels have excellent biocompatible and biodegradable characteristics, but their visco-elastic properties limit their applicability, especially with respect to 3D bioprinting. In this study, we modified the naturally occurring extracellular matrix glycosaminoglycan hyaluronic acid (HA), in order to yield photo-crosslinkable hydrogels with increased mechanical stiffness and long-term stability, and with minimal decrease in cytocompatibility...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585695/the-rhogap-myo9b-promotes-bone-growth-by-mediating-osteoblastic-responsiveness-to-igf-1
#14
Brooke K McMichael, Yong-Hoon Jeong, Justin A Auerbach, Cheol-Min Han, Ryan Sedlar, Vikram Shettigar, Martin Bähler, Sudha Agarwal, Do-Gyoon Kim, Beth S Lee
The RhoA subfamily of Rho GTPases regulates actin-based cellular functions in bone such as differentiation, migration, and mechanotransduction. Polymorphisms or genetic ablation of RHOA and some of its regulatory guanine exchange factors (GEFs) have been linked to poor bone health in humans and mice, but the effects of RhoA-specific GTPase-activating proteins (GAPs) on bone quality have not yet been identified. Therefore, we examined the consequences of RhoGAP Myo9b gene knockout on bone growth, phenotype and cellular activity...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584575/melanin-extract-from-gallus-gallus-domesticus-promotes-proliferation-and-differentiation-of-osteoblastic-mg-63-cells-via-bone-morphogenetic-protein-2-signaling
#15
Han-Seok Yoo, Kang-Hyun Chung, Kwon-Jai Lee, Dong-Hee Kim, Jeung Hee An
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Gallus gallus domesticus (GD) is a natural mutant breed of chicken in Korea with an atypical characterization of melanin in its tissue. This study investigated the effects of melanin extracts of GD on osteoblast differentiation and inhibition of osteoclast formation. MATERIALS/METHODS: The effects of the melanin extract of GD on human osteoblast MG-63 cell differentiation were examined by evaluating cell viability, osteoblast differentiation, and expression of osteoblast-specific transcription factors such as bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2), small mothers against decapentaplegic homologs 5 (SMAD5), runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2), osteocalcin and type 1 collagen (COL-1) by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and western blotting analysis...
June 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584056/structural-analyses-of-von-willebrand-factor-c-domains-of-collagen-2a-and-ccn3-reveal-an-alternative-mode-of-binding-to-bone-morphogenetic-protein-2
#16
Emma-Ruoqi Xu, Emily E Blythe, Gerhard Fischer, Marko Hyvönen
Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are secreted growth factors that promote differentiation processes in embryogenesis and tissue development. Regulation of BMP signalling involves binding to a variety of extracellular proteins, among which are many von Willebrand factor C (vWC) domain-containing proteins. While the crystal structure of the complex of crossveinless-2 (CV-2) vWC1 and BMP-2 previously revealed one mode of the vWC:BMP binding mechanism, other vWC domains may bind to BMP differently. Here, using X-ray crystallography, we present for the first time structures of the vWC domains of two proteins thought to interact with BMP-2 - collagen IIA and matricellular protein CCN3...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580385/modeling-and-remodeling-effects-of-intermittent-administration-of-teriparatide-parathyroid-hormone-1-34-on-bone-morphogenetic-protein-induced-bone-in-a-rat-spinal-fusion-model
#17
Takashi Kaito, Tokimitsu Morimoto, Sadaaki Kanayama, Satoru Otsuru, Masafumi Kashii, Takahiro Makino, Kazuma Kitaguchi, Masayuki Furuya, Ryota Chijimatsu, Kosuke Ebina, Hideki Yoshikawa
BACKGROUND: Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-based tissue engineering has focused on inducing new bone efficiently. However, modeling and remodeling of BMP-induced bone have rarely been discussed. Teriparatide (parathyroid hormone [PTH] 1-34) administration initially increases markers of bone formation, followed by an increase in bone resorption markers. This unique activity would be expected to accelerate the modeling and remodeling of new BMP-induced bone. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rats underwent posterolateral spinal fusion surgery and implantation of collagen sponge containing either 50 μg recombinant human (rh)BMP-2 or saline...
December 2016: Bone Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579885/effect-of-gu-tong-xian-capsule-on-expression-level-of-type-i-ii-collagen-and-bmp-2-mrna-in-rabbits-with-fracture-during-long-distance-running
#18
Liang Li, Yueting Qiu
The study aims to analyze and investigate the effects of Gu Tong Xian Capsule on the expression level of type I, II collagen and BMP-2 mRNA in rabbits with fracture during long-distance running. 60 adult healthy rabbits were selected as research objects, and then randomly divided into three groups including model group, positive control group and treatment group, each containing 20 rabbits. The three groups were treated with saline gastric lavage, powder for fracture and trauma, and Gu Tong Xian capsule, respectively...
May 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577492/rhbmp2-loaded-calcium-phosphate-cements-combined-with-allogenic-bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stem-cells-for-bone-formation
#19
Guangming Luo, Yuanliang Huang, Feifei Gu
OBJECTIVE: The osteogenesis effect of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) and osteogenic differentiation potential of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) has been generally acknowledged. However, human bone formation effect of rhBMP-2 loaded calcium phosphate cememts (CPC) combined with allogenic BMSCs is still undefined. This study aimed to investigate how composite osteogenic bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) and osteoinductive bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) influenced the process of bone formation...
May 31, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577100/the-content-of-multipotent-stromal-cells-in-3-4-5-month-heterotopic-bone-marrow-transplants-of-cba-mice-subjected-to-a-single-exposure-to-osteogenic-stimuli-curettage-bmp-2-or-antigens-s-typhimurium-antigenic-complex-lps
#20
Yu F Gorskaya, V G Nesterenko
At the early stages of development (3 months), transplants from bone marrow donors subjected to single in vivo stimulation (curettage, administration of BMP-2 or antigenic complex of S. typhimurium) 1 day before transplantation were characterized by significantly elevated content of nucleated cells (by 1.4, 1.9 and 2.9 times, respectively), efficiency of cloning of multipotent stromal cells (by 3.8, 3.8 and 7.2 times), and total number of multipotent stromal cells (by 5, 7 and 21 times) and osteogenic multipotent stromal cells (by 5, 9 and 15 times) in comparison with the control (intact donors); more rapid increase in the weight of bone capsules was also noted...
June 3, 2017: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
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