keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Tibia geometry

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923624/a-novel-3d-approach-for-determination-of-frontal-and-coronal-plane-tibial-slopes-from-mr-imaging
#1
Amirhesam Amerinatanzi, Rodney Summers, Kaveh Ahmadi, Vijay K Goel, Timothy E Hewett, Edward Nyman
BACKGROUND: The proximal tibia is geometrically complex, asymmetrical, and variable, is heavily implicated in arthrokinematics of the knee joint, and thus a contributor to knee pathologies such as non-contact anterior cruciate ligament injury. Medial, lateral, and coronal tibial slopes are anatomic parameters that may increase predisposition to knee injuries, but the extent to which each contributes has yet to be fully realized. Previously, two-dimensional methods have quantified tibial slopes, but more reliable 3D methods may prove advantageous...
December 3, 2016: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894941/one-year-of-abaloparatide-a-selective-peptide-activator-of-the-pth1-receptor-increased-bone-mass-and-strength-in-ovariectomized-rats
#2
Aurore Varela, Luc Chouinard, Elisabeth Lesage, Robert Guldberg, Susan Y Smith, Paul J Kostenuik, Gary Hattersley
Abaloparatide is a novel 34 amino acid peptide selected to be a potent and selective activator of the parathyroid hormone receptor 1 (PTHR1) signaling pathway. The effects of 12months of abaloparatide treatment on bone mass, bone strength and bone quality was assessed in osteopenic ovariectomized (OVX) rats. SD rats were subjected to OVX or sham surgery at 6months of age and left untreated for 3months to allow OVX-induced bone loss. Eighteen OVX rats were sacrificed after this bone depletion period, and the remaining OVX rats received daily s...
November 25, 2016: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882612/the-relationship-between-geometry-of-the-extensor-mechanism-of-the-knee-and-risk-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury
#3
Josh C Carter, Daniel R Sturnick, Pamela M Vacek, Michael J DeSarno, Erin C Argentieri, James R Slauterbeck, Robert J Johnson, Bruce D Beynnon
The complex inter-segmental forces that are developed across an extended knee by body weight and contraction of the quadriceps muscle group transmits an anteriorly-directed force on the tibia that strain the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). We hypothesized that a relationship exists between geometry of the knees extensor mechanism and the risk of sustaining a non-contact ACL injury. Geometry of the extensor mechanism was characterized using MRI scans of the knees of 88 subjects that suffered their first non-contact ACL injury and 88 matched control subjects with normal knees that were on the same team...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871101/morphomics-of-the-talus
#4
David Gorman, Ebram Handy, Sikui Wang, Annette L Irwin, Stewart Wang
Previous studies of frontal crash databases reported that ankle fractures are among the most common lower extremity fractures. While not generally life threatening, these injuries can be debilitating. Laboratory research into the mechanisms of ankle fractures has linked dorsiflexion with an increased risk of tibia and fibula malleolus fractures. However, talus fractures were not produced in the laboratory tests and appear to be caused by more complex loading of the joint. In this study, an analysis of the National Automotive Sampling System - Crashworthiness Data System (NASS-CDS) for the years 2004-2013 was conducted to investigate foot-ankle injury rates in front seat occupants involved in frontal impact crashes...
November 2016: Stapp Car Crash Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846265/sexual-dimorphism-of-the-human-tibia-through-time-insights-into-shape-variation-using-a-surface-based-approach
#5
Hana Brzobohatá, Václav Krajíček, Zdeněk Horák, Jana Velemínská
In this paper we present a three-dimensional (3D) morphometrical assessment of human tibia sexual dimorphism based on whole bone digital representation. To detect shape-size and shape differences between sexes, we used geometric morphometric tools and colour-coded surface deviation maps. The surface-based methodology enabled analysis of sexually dimorphic features throughout the shaft and articular ends of the tibia. The overall study dataset consisted of 183 3D models of adult tibiae from three Czech population subsets, dating to the early medieval (9-10th century) (N = 65), early 20th century (N = 61) and 21st-century (N = 57)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760408/a-finite-element-model-of-a-six-year-old-child-for-simulating-pedestrian-accidents
#6
Yunzhu Meng, Wansoo Pak, Berkan Guleyupoglu, Bharath Koya, F Scott Gayzik, Costin D Untaroiu
Child pedestrian protection deserves more attention in vehicle safety design since they are the most vulnerable road users who face the highest mortality rate. Pediatric Finite Element (FE) models could be used to simulate and understand the pedestrian injury mechanisms during crashes in order to mitigate them. Thus, the objective of the study was to develop a computationally efficient (simplified) six-year-old (6YO-PS) pedestrian FE model and validate it based on the latest published pediatric data. The 6YO-PS FE model was developed by morphing the existing GHBMC adult pedestrian model...
October 16, 2016: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745873/stress-shielding-in-periprosthetic-bone-following-a-total-knee-replacement-effects-of-implant-material-design-and-alignment
#7
Qing-Hang Zhang, Andrew Cossey, Jie Tong
Periprosthetic bone strain distributions in some of the typical cases of total knee replacement (TKR) were studied with regard to the selection of material, design and the alignments of tibial components to examine which conditions are more forgiving than the others to stress shielding post a TKR. Four tibial components with two implant designs (cruciate sacrificing and cruciate retaining) and material properties (metal-backed (MB) and all-polyethylene (AP)) were considered in a specimen-specific finite element tibia bone model loaded in a neutral position...
October 10, 2016: Medical Engineering & Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734100/meagre-effects-of-disuse-on-the-human-fibula-are-not-explained-by-bone-size-or-geometry
#8
A Ireland, R F Capozza, G R Cointry, L Nocciolino, J L Ferretti, J Rittweger
: Fibula response to disuse is unknown; we assessed fibula bone in spinal cord injury (SCI) patients and able-bodied counterparts. Group differences were smaller than in the neighbouring tibia which could not be explained by bone geometry. Differential adaptation of the shank bones may indicate previously unknown mechanoadaptive behaviours of bone. INTRODUCTION: The fibula supports only a small and highly variable proportion of shank compressive load (-8 to +19 %), and little is known about other kinds of stresses...
October 12, 2016: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729292/bone-strength-estimates-relative-to-vertical-ground-reaction-force-discriminates-women-runners-with-stress-fracture-history
#9
Kristin L Popp, William McDermott, Julie M Hughes, Stephanie A Baxter, Steven D Stovitz, Moira A Petit
PURPOSE: To determine differences in bone geometry, estimates of bone strength, muscle size and bone strength relative to load, in women runners with and without a history of stress fracture. METHODS: We recruited 32 competitive distance runners aged 18-35, with (SFX, n=16) or without (NSFX, n=16) a history of stress fracture for this case-control study. Peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) was used to assess volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD, mg/mm(3)), total (ToA) and cortical (CtA) bone areas (mm(2)), and estimated compressive bone strength (bone strength index; BSI, mg/mm(4)) at the distal tibia...
January 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27724861/morphologic-analysis-of-the-proximal-tibia-after-open-wedge-high-tibial-osteotomy-for-proper-plate-fitting
#10
Oui Sik Yoo, Yong Seuk Lee, Myung Chul Lee, Jae Hong Park, Jae Won Kim, Doo Hoon Sun
BACKGROUND: After open wedge high tibial osteotomy (OWHTO), the proximal fragment resembles the anatomy of the proximal tibia that is aligned in the anterior-posterior direction and the distal fragment resembles the anatomy of the mid shaft that is aligned in the proximal-distal direction. In addition, the medial portion of the proximal fragment becomes aligned medially and the medial portion of the distal fragment, laterally, depending on the magnitude of the posterior opening gap. Therefore, there would be a mismatch between the post-correction bony surface and the previous pre-contoured plate geometry...
October 10, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718512/feasibility-and-tolerability-of-low-intensity-whole-body-vibration-and-its-effects-on-muscle-function-and-bone-in-patients-with-dystrophinopathies-a-pilot-study
#11
Anna Petryk, Lynda E Polgreen, Molly Grames, Dawn A Lowe, James S Hodges, Peter Karachunski
INTRODUCTION: Dystrophinopathies are X-linked muscle degenerative disorders that result in progressive muscle weakness complicated by bone loss. This study's goal was to evaluate feasibility and tolerability of whole body low intensity vibration (WBLIV) and its potential effects on muscle and bone in patients with Duchenne or Becker muscular dystrophy. METHODS: This 12-month pilot study included 5 patients (age 5.9-21.7 years) who used a low-intensity Marodyne LivMD plate vibrating at 30-90 Hz for 10 minutes/day for the first 6 months...
October 8, 2016: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704183/autoimmune-arthritis-deteriorates-bone-quantity-and-quality-of-periarticular-bone-in-a-mouse-model-of-rheumatoid-arthritis
#12
T Shimizu, M Takahata, H Kimura-Suda, Y Kameda, K Endo, H Hamano, S Hiratsuka, M Ota, D Sato, T Ito, M Todoh, S Tadano, N Iwasaki
: This study showed that autoimmune arthritis induces especially severe osteoporosis in the periarticular region adjacent to inflamed joints, suggesting that arthritis increases the fragility fracture risk near inflamed joints, which is frequently observed in patients with RA. INTRODUCTION: Periarticular osteoporosis near inflamed joints is a hallmark of early rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Here we show that rheumatic inflammation deteriorates the bone quality and bone quantity of periarticular bone, thereby decreasing bone strength and toughness in a mouse model of RA...
October 4, 2016: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692866/coronal-alignment-on-the-single-limb-stance-radiograph-in-posterolateral-rotatory-instability-osteoarthritis-and-healthy-knees
#13
Young Gon Na, Moon Jong Chang, Sang Hwa Eom, Seok Jin Kim, Seong Cheol Park, Tae Kyun Kim
BACKGROUND: We aimed to determine whether coronal alignment measured on the single-limb stance (SLS) radiographs differs from those on the double-limb stance (DLS) images. We also investigated whether the size of such differences was affected by the knee pathology, lower limb alignment, and geometry of the tibia or femur. METHODS: We measured coronal alignment with mechanical tibiofemoral angle (MTFA) on the DLS and SLS radiographs in patients with posterolateral rotatory instability (PLRI, 30 knees), osteoarthritis (OA) with varus deformity who were scheduled for high tibial osteotomy (HTO) (60 knees), and in normal control (60 knees)...
September 28, 2016: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676223/current-physical-activity-is-independently-associated-with-cortical-bone-size-and-bone-strength-in-elderly-swedish-women
#14
Martin Nilsson, Daniel Sundh, Dan Mellström, Mattias Lorentzon
Physical activity is believed to have the greatest effect on the skeleton if exerted early in life, but whether or not possible benefits of physical activity on bone microstructure or geometry remain at old age has not been investigated in women. The aim of this study was to investigate if physical activity during skeletal growth and young adulthood or at old age was associated with cortical geometry and trabecular microarchitecture in weight-bearing and non-weight bearing bone, and areal bone mineral density (aBMD) in elderly women...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638138/differences-in-bone-quality-and-strength-between-asian-and-caucasian-young-men
#15
A L Kepley, K K Nishiyama, B Zhou, J Wang, C Zhang, D J McMahon, K F Foley, M D Walker, X Edward Guo, E Shane, T L Nickolas
: This is a cross-sectional study to assess differences in bone quality in young Asian and Caucasian (n = 30/group) men between 25 and 35 years. We found that Asians had smaller bones, thicker and denser cortices, and more plate-like trabeculae, but stiffness did not differ between groups. INTRODUCTION: We conducted a cross-sectional study to assess differences in bone quality in young Asian and Caucasian (n = 30/group) men between 25 and 35 years. METHODS: We measured bone mineral density (BMD) at the spine, total hip (TH), femoral neck (FN), and forearm by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), and bone geometry, density, microarchitecture, and mechanical competence at the radius and tibia by high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HR-pQCT) with application of individual trabecula segmentation (ITS) and trabecular and whole bone finite element analysis (FEA)...
September 16, 2016: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631171/subject-specific-musculoskeletal-loading-of-the-tibia-computational-load-estimation
#16
N Garijo, N Verdonschot, K Engelborghs, J M García-Aznar, M A Pérez
The systematic development of subject-specific computer models for the analysis of personalized treatments is currently a reality. In fact, many advances have recently been developed for creating virtual finite element-based models. These models accurately recreate subject-specific geometries and material properties from recent techniques based on quantitative image analysis. However, to determine the subject-specific forces, we need a full gait analysis, typically in combination with an inverse dynamics simulation study...
August 26, 2016: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27619649/in-vivo-precision-of-three-hr-pqct-derived-finite-element-models-of-the-distal-radius-and-tibia-in-postmenopausal-women
#17
C E Kawalilak, S A Kontulainen, M A Amini, J L Lanovaz, W P Olszynski, J D Johnston
BACKGROUND: The distal radius is the most common osteoporotic fracture site occurring in postmenopausal women. Finite element (FE) modeling is a non-invasive mathematical technique that can estimate bone strength using inputted geometry/micro-architecture and tissue material properties from computed tomographic images. Our first objective was to define and compare in vivo precision errors for three high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HR-pQCT, XtremeCT; Scanco) based FE models of the distal radius and tibia in postmenopausal women...
2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601445/pueraria-mirifica-alleviates-cortical-bone-loss-in-naturally-menopausal-monkeys
#18
Donlaporn Kittivanichhkul, Narattaphol Charoenphandhu, Phisit Khemawoot, Suchinda Malaivijitnond
Since the in vitro and in vivo anti-osteoporotic effects of Pueraria mirifica (PM) in rodents have been verified, its activity in menopausal monkeys was evaluated as required before it can be applicable for human use. In this study, postmenopausal osteoporotic monkeys were divided into two groups (five per group), and fed daily with standard diet alone (PMP0 group) or diet mixed with 1,000 mg/kg BW of PM powder (PMP1000 group) for 16 months. Every two months, the bone mineral density (BMD), bone mineral content (BMC) and bone geometry parameters (cortical area and thickness, and periosteal and endosteal circumference) at the distal radius and proximal tibia were determined using peripheral quantitative computed tomography together with plasma and urinary bone markers...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556581/sex-differences-and-growth-related-adaptations-in-bone-microarchitecture-geometry-density-and-strength-from-childhood-to-early-adulthood-a-mixed-longitudinal-hr-pqct-study
#19
Leigh Gabel, Heather M Macdonald, Heather A McKay
Sex differences in bone strength and fracture risk are well-documented. However, we know little about bone strength accrual during growth and adaptations in bone microstructure, density and geometry that accompany gains in bone strength. Thus, our objectives are to 1) describe growth related adaptations in bone microarchitecture, geometry, density and strength at the distal tibia and radius in boys and girls; 2) compare differences in adaptations in bone microarchitecture, geometry, density and strength between boys and girls...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27535752/three-doses-of-vitamin-d-bone-mineral-density-and-geometry-in-older-women-during-modest-weight-control-in-a-1-year-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
L C Pop, D Sukumar, S H Schneider, Y Schlussel, T Stahl, C Gordon, X Wang, T V Papathomas, S A Shapses
: The effects of higher than recommended vitamin D doses on bone mineral density (BMD) and quality are not known. In this study, higher intakes, in postmenopausal women undergoing weight control over 1 year, had no effect on areal or volumetric BMD but prevented the deterioration in cortical bone geometry. INTRODUCTION: Studies examining how bone responds to a standard dose of vitamin D supplementation have been inconsistent. In addition, the effects of higher doses on BMD and quality are not known...
August 17, 2016: Osteoporosis International
keyword
keyword
32792
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"