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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925418/mhealth-application-areas-and-technology-combinations-a-comparison-of-literature-from-high-and-low-middle-income-countries
#1
Haitham Abaza, Michael Marschollek
BACKGROUND: With the continuous and enormous spread of mobile technologies, mHealth has evolved as a new subfield of eHealth. While eHealth is broadly focused on information and communication technologies, mHealth seeks to explore more into mobile devices and wireless communication. Since mobile phone penetration has exceeded other infrastructure in low and middle-income countries (LMICs), mHealth is seen as a promising component to provide pervasive and patient-centered care. OBJECTIVES: The aim of our research work for this paper is to examine the mHealth literature to identify application areas, target diseases, and mHealth service and technology types that are most appropriate for LMICs...
August 8, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858800/rate-performance-loss-optimization-for-inter-frame-deep-feature-coding-from-videos
#2
Lin Ding, Yonghong Tian, Hongfei Fan, Yaowei Wang, Tiejun Huang
With the explosion in the use of cameras in mobile phones or video surveillance systems, it is impossible to transmit a large amount of videos captured from a wide area into a cloud for big data analysis and retrieval. Instead, a feasible solution is to extract and compress features from videos and then transmit the compact features to the cloud. Meanwhile, many recent studies also indicate that the features extracted from the deep convolutional neural networks (CNNs) will lead to high performance for various analysis and recognition tasks...
August 25, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830113/big-data-for-infectious-disease-surveillance-and-modeling
#3
Shweta Bansal, Gerardo Chowell, Lone Simonsen, Alessandro Vespignani, Cécile Viboud
We devote a special issue of the Journal of Infectious Diseases to review the recent advances of big data in strengthening disease surveillance, monitoring medical adverse events, informing transmission models, and tracking patient sentiments and mobility. We consider a broad definition of big data for public health, one encompassing patient information gathered from high-volume electronic health records and participatory surveillance systems, as well as mining of digital traces such as social media, Internet searches, and cell-phone logs...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830109/mind-the-scales-harnessing-spatial-big-data-for-infectious-disease-surveillance-and-inference
#4
REVIEW
Elizabeth C Lee, Jason M Asher, Sandra Goldlust, John D Kraemer, Andrew B Lawson, Shweta Bansal
Spatial big data have the velocity, volume, and variety of big data sources and contain additional geographic information. Digital data sources, such as medical claims, mobile phone call data records, and geographically tagged tweets, have entered infectious diseases epidemiology as novel sources of data to complement traditional infectious disease surveillance. In this work, we provide examples of how spatial big data have been used thus far in epidemiological analyses and describe opportunities for these sources to improve disease-mitigation strategies and public health coordination...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829691/how-does-the-cellular-phone-help-in-epidemiological-surveillance-a-review-of-the-scientific-literature
#5
Boukary Ouedraogo, Jean Gaudart, Jean-Charles Dufour
BACKGROUND: In the field of epidemiological surveillance, no systematic literature review appears to exist of implemented projects using cellular phone technology. METHOD: We performed a systematic literature review using the Pubmed and Scopus databases to retrieve articles published up to December 2015. We analyzed information reported in these publications according to the mobile health (mHealth) evidence reporting and assessment (mERA) checklist, and complemented this work with specific items related to epidemiology, in order to clarify the types of results reported and summarized in this context...
August 22, 2017: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764792/deployment-and-use-of-mobile-phone-technology-for-real-time-reporting-of-fever-cases-and-malaria-treatment-failure-in-areas-of-declining-malaria-transmission-in-muheza-district-north-eastern-tanzania
#6
Filbert Francis, Deus S Ishengoma, Bruno P Mmbando, Acleus S M Rutta, Mwelecele N Malecela, Benjamin Mayala, Martha M Lemnge, Edwin Michael
BACKGROUND: Early detection of febrile illnesses at community level is essential for improved malaria case management and control. Currently, mobile phone-based technology has been commonly used to collect and transfer health information and services in different settings. This study assessed the applicability of mobile phone-based technology in real-time reporting of fever cases and management of malaria by village health workers (VHWs) in north-eastern Tanzania. METHODS: The community mobile phone-based disease surveillance and treatment for malaria (ComDSTM) platform, combined with mobile phones and web applications, was developed and implemented in three villages and one dispensary in Muheza district from November 2013 to October 2014...
August 1, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729097/post-caesarean-section-surgical-site-infection-surveillance-using-an-online-database-and-mobile-phone-technology
#7
Eliana Castillo, Corrine McIsaac, Bhreagh MacDougall, Douglas Wilson, Rosemary Kohr
BACKGROUND: Obstetric surgical site infections (SSIs) are common and expensive to the health care system but remain under reported given shorter postoperative hospital stays and suboptimal post-discharge surveillance systems. SSIs, for the purpose of this paper, are defined according to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (1999) as infection incurring within 30 days of the operative procedure (in this case, Caesarean section [CS]). PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: Demonstrate the feasibility of real-life use of a patient driven SSIs post-discharge surveillance system consisting of an online database and mobile phone technology (surgical mobile app - how2trak) among women undergoing CS in a Canadian urban centre...
August 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720556/ecological-momentary-assessment-of-physical-activity-validation-study
#8
Gregory Knell, Kelley Pettee Gabriel, Michael S Businelle, Kerem Shuval, David W Wetter, Darla E Kendzor
BACKGROUND: Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) may elicit physical activity (PA) estimates that are less prone to bias than traditional self-report measures while providing context. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to examine the convergent validity of EMA-assessed PA compared with accelerometry. METHODS: The participants self-reported their PA using International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) and Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) and wore an accelerometer while completing daily EMAs (delivered through the mobile phone) for 7 days...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613121/experiences-in-running-a-complex-electronic-data-capture-system-using-mobile-phones-in-a-large-scale-population-trial-in-southern-nepal
#9
Sarah Style, B James Beard, Helen Harris-Fry, Aman Sengupta, Sonali Jha, Bhim P Shrestha, Anjana Rai, Vikas Paudel, Meelan Thondoo, Anni-Maria Pulkki-Brannstrom, Jolene Skordis-Worrall, Dharma S Manandhar, Anthony Costello, Naomi M Saville
The increasing availability and capabilities of mobile phones make them a feasible means of data collection. Electronic Data Capture (EDC) systems have been used widely for public health monitoring and surveillance activities, but documentation of their use in complicated research studies requiring multiple systems is limited. This paper shares our experiences of designing and implementing a complex multi-component EDC system for a community-based four-armed cluster-Randomised Controlled Trial in the rural plains of Nepal, to help other researchers planning to use EDC for complex studies in low-income settings...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604777/risk-factors-and-short-term-projections-for-serotype-1-poliomyelitis-incidence-in-pakistan-a-spatiotemporal-analysis
#10
Natalie A Molodecky, Isobel M Blake, Kathleen M O'Reilly, Mufti Zubair Wadood, Rana M Safdar, Amy Wesolowski, Caroline O Buckee, Ananda S Bandyopadhyay, Hiromasa Okayasu, Nicholas C Grassly
BACKGROUND: Pakistan currently provides a substantial challenge to global polio eradication, having contributed to 73% of reported poliomyelitis in 2015 and 54% in 2016. A better understanding of the risk factors and movement patterns that contribute to poliovirus transmission across Pakistan would support evidence-based planning for mass vaccination campaigns. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We fit mixed-effects logistic regression models to routine surveillance data recording the presence of poliomyelitis associated with wild-type 1 poliovirus in districts of Pakistan over 6-month intervals between 2010 to 2016...
June 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591355/effect-of-the-inclusion-of-mobile-phone-interviews-to-vigitel
#11
Regina Tomie Ivata Bernal, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Rafael Moreira Claro, Carlos Augusto Monteiro
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact on the prevalence changes of risk factors for chronic diseases, published in the Surveillance System of Risk and Protection Factors for Chronic Diseases by Telephone Survey (Vigitel), after the inclusion of data from the population only with mobile phone. METHODS: Our study used data from the 26 State capitals and Federal District of Brazil obtained by the National Survey on Health (PNS) and Vigitel, both held in 2013. In each capital, we added a subsample of 200 adults living in households with only mobile phones, extracted from PNS, to the Vigitel 2013 database, with approximately 1,900 households, named Vigitel dual frame...
June 1, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567197/assessing-the-feasibility-of-mobile-phones-for-follow-up-of-acutely-unwell-children-presenting-to-village-clinics-in-rural-northern-malawi
#12
Victoria Hardy, Jenny Hsieh, Baxter Chirambo, Tsung-Shu Joseph Wu, John O'Donoghue, Adamson S Muula, Matthew Thompson
BACKGROUND: Patient follow-up is a routine component of clinical practice and valuable for evaluating the effectiveness of interventions, but because of the broad dispersion of health facilities and lack of standardised medical reporting in Malawi, collecting patient outcome data can be challenging. Increasing accessibility and affordability of mobile technology in resource-poor settings may facilitate patient follow-up in the community. The objective of this study was to evaluate the potential utility of mobile phones for collecting follow-up clinical data from parents or caregivers of acutely unwell under-5 children, for intervention evaluation purposes...
March 2017: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526312/identification-of-low-high-and-super-gelers-and-barriers-to-hand-hygiene-among-intensive-care-unit-nurses
#13
Sharon Lea Kurtz
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this article was to provide information identified during hand hygiene (HH) surveillance periods at 5 intensive care units (ICUs) (4 hospitals) in Texas. METHODS: Using room entry and room exit, overt observation periods were 8 consecutive hours for 3-5 days on 64 ICU nurses. RESULTS: A total of 3,620 HH opportunities were recorded during 18 days of observation (144 hours). The average hand hygiene compliance (HHC) rate was 64%, with 19% of the nurses participating in HH in the 60%-69% range...
May 16, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476724/the-development-of-an-interactive-voice-response-survey-for-noncommunicable-disease-risk-factor-estimation-technical-assessment-and-cognitive-testing
#14
Dustin G Gibson, Brooke A Farrenkopf, Amanda Pereira, Alain B Labrique, George William Pariyo
BACKGROUND: The rise in mobile phone ownership in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) presents an opportunity to transform existing data collection and surveillance methods. Administering surveys via interactive voice response (IVR) technology-a mobile phone survey (MPS) method-has potential to expand the current surveillance coverage and data collection, but formative work to contextualize the survey for LMIC deployment is needed. OBJECTIVE: The primary objectives of this study were to (1) cognitively test and identify challenging questions in a noncommunicable disease (NCD) risk factor questionnaire administered via an IVR platform and (2) assess the usability of the IVR platform...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476723/ethics-considerations-in-global-mobile-phone-based-surveys-of-noncommunicable-diseases-a-conceptual-exploration
#15
Joseph Ali, Alain B Labrique, Kara Gionfriddo, George Pariyo, Dustin G Gibson, Bridget Pratt, Molly Deutsch-Feldman, Adnan A Hyder
Mobile phone coverage has grown, particularly within low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), presenting an opportunity to augment routine health surveillance programs. Several LMICs and global health partners are seeking opportunities to launch basic mobile phone-based surveys of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). The increasing use of such technology in LMICs brings forth a cluster of ethical challenges; however, much of the existing literature regarding the ethics of mobile or digital health focuses on the use of technologies in high-income countries and does not consider directly the specific ethical issues associated with the conduct of mobile phone surveys (MPS) for NCD risk factor surveillance in LMICs...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393623/clinical-comparison-of-conventional-and-mobile-endockscope-videocystoscopy-using-an-air-or-fluid-medium
#16
Rahul Dutta, Renai Yoon, Roshan M Patel, Kyle Spradling, Zhamshid Okhunov, William Sohn, Hak J Lee, Jaime Landman, Ralph V Clayman
OBJECTIVE: To compare conventional videocystoscopy (CVC) with a novel and affordable (approximately $45) mobile cystoscopy system, the Endockscope (ES). We evaluated the ES system using both fluid (Endockscope-Fluid [ES-F]) and air (Endockscope-Air [ES-A]) to fill the bladder in an effort to expand the global range of flexible cystoscopy. METHODS: The ES system comprised a portable 1000 lumen LED self-contained cordless light source and a three-dimensional printed adaptor that connects a mobile phone to a flexible fiber-optic cystoscope...
June 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367433/flumob-enabling-surveillance-of-acute-respiratory-infections-in-health-care-workers-via-mobile-phones
#17
May Oo Lwin, Chee Fu Yung, Peiling Yap, Karthikayen Jayasundar, Anita Sheldenkar, Kosala Subasinghe, Schubert Foo, Udeepa Gayantha Jayasinghe, Huarong Xu, Siaw Ching Chai, Ashwin Kurlye, Jie Chen, Brenda Sze Peng Ang
Singapore is a hotspot for emerging infectious diseases and faces a constant risk of pandemic outbreaks as a major travel and health hub for Southeast Asia. With an increasing penetration of smart phone usage in this region, Singapore's pandemic preparedness framework can be strengthened by applying a mobile-based approach to health surveillance and control, and improving upon existing ideas by addressing gaps, such as a lack of health communication. FluMob is a digitally integrated syndromic surveillance system designed to assist health authorities in obtaining real-time epidemiological and surveillance data from health-care workers (HCWs) within Singapore, by allowing them to report influenza incidence using smartphones...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321400/toward-elimination-of-dog-mediated-human-rabies-experiences-from-implementing-a-large-scale-demonstration-project-in-southern-tanzania
#18
Emmanuel Abraham Mpolya, Tiziana Lembo, Kennedy Lushasi, Rebecca Mancy, Eberhard M Mbunda, Selemani Makungu, Matthew Maziku, Lwitiko Sikana, Gurdeep Jaswant, Sunny Townsend, François-Xavier Meslin, Bernadette Abela-Ridder, Chanasa Ngeleja, Joel Changalucha, Zacharia Mtema, Maganga Sambo, Geofrey Mchau, Kristyna Rysava, Alphoncina Nanai, Rudovick Kazwala, Sarah Cleaveland, Katie Hampson
A Rabies Elimination Demonstration Project was implemented in Tanzania from 2010 through to 2015, bringing together government ministries from the health and veterinary sectors, the World Health Organization, and national and international research institutions. Detailed data on mass dog vaccination campaigns, bite exposures, use of post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP), and human rabies deaths were collected throughout the project duration and project areas. Despite no previous experience in dog vaccination within the project areas, district veterinary officers were able to implement district-wide vaccination campaigns that, for most part, progressively increased the numbers of dogs vaccinated with each phase of the project...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237958/study-protocol-for-a-pragmatic-randomised-controlled-trial-evaluating-efficacy-of-a-smoking-cessation-e-tabac-info-service-ee-tis-trial
#19
L Cambon, P Bergman, Al Le Faou, I Vincent, B Le Maitre, A Pasquereau, P Arwidson, D Thomas, F Alla
INTRODUCTION: A French national smoking cessation service, Tabac Info Service, has been developed to provide an adapted quitline and a web and mobile application involving personalised contacts (eg, questionnaires, advice, activities, messages) to support smoking cessation. This paper presents the study protocol of the evaluation of the application (e-intervention Tabac Info Service (e-TIS)). The primary objective is to assess the efficacy of e-TIS. The secondary objectives are to (1) describe efficacy variations with regard to users' characteristics, (2) analyse mechanisms and contextual conditions of e-TIS efficacy...
February 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190744/use-of-m-health-in-polio-eradication-and-other-immunization-activities-in-developing-countries
#20
REVIEW
Sara S Kim, Manish Patel, Alan Hinman
INTRODUCTION: Reaching the children that are chronically missed by routine immunization services has been a key pillar of success in achieving progress toward polio eradication. The rapid advancement and accessibility of mobile technology ("mHealth") in low and lower middle income countries provides an important opportunity to apply novel, innovative approaches to provide vaccine services. We sought to document the use and effectiveness of mHealth in immunization programs in low and lower middle income countries...
February 9, 2017: Vaccine
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