keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Diphenhydramine

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059581/hot-and-cold-drugs-national-park-service-medication-stability-at-the-extremes-of-temperature
#1
Patil Armenian, Danielle Campagne, Geoff Stroh, Crystal Ives Tallman, William Z D Zeng, Thomas Lin, Roy R Gerona
STUDY OBJECTIVE: National Park Service (NPS) Parkmedics provide medical care in austere environments. The objective of this study was to evaluate the stability of specific medications used by Parkmedics at extremes of temperatures likely to be faced in the field. METHODS: This is a bench research study conducted in the laboratory setting over a 4-week period. Parenteral medications were separated into 4 temperature exposure groups: A) 45°C (hot); B) -20°C (cold); C) hot then cold temperatures alternating weekly; and D) cold then hot temperatures alternating weekly...
January 6, 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057843/diphenhydramine-for-acute-extrapyramidal-symptoms-after-propofol-administration
#2
James Sherer, Tomas Salazar, Kevin B Schesing, Shannon McPartland, Jeffrey Kornitzer
Extrapyramidal symptoms are an uncommon but well-recognized side effect after the administration of general anesthesia in patients without a significant neurologic history. Several case reports implicate propofol as the likely causative agent producing these symptoms, which include ballismus, dystonia, choreoathetosis, and opisthotonus. Currently, there is no clear consensus on first-line treatment of these symptoms. In each of the published cases, anticholinergic medications and benzodiazepines were central to initial management, although the speed and extent of symptom resolution were variable...
January 5, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041583/combination-of-ofatumumab-and-reduced-dose-chop-for-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphomas-in-patients-aged-80-years-or-older-an-open-label-multicentre-single-arm-phase-2-trial-from-the-lysa-group
#3
Frédéric Peyrade, Serge Bologna, Vincent Delwail, Jean François Emile, Laurent Pascal, Christophe Fermé, Jean-Marc Schiano, Bertrand Coiffier, Bernadette Corront, Hassan Farhat, Christophe Fruchart, Herve Ghesquieres, Margaret Macro, Hervé Tilly, Bachra Choufi, Richard Delarue, Olivier Fitoussi, Jean Gabarre, Corinne Haioun, Fabrice Jardin
BACKGROUND: In 2011 we reported a rituximab plus miniCHOP (reduced-dose cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone) combination for patients older than 80 years with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). The 2-year overall survival was 59% (95% CI 49-67) with an excess of early toxicity. To improve those results we tested the same chemotherapy protocol in combination with ofatumumab and a pre-phase treatment. METHODS: For this open-label, multicentre, single-group, phase 2 trial, we recruited patients older than 80 years with untreated histologically-proven CD20-positive DLBCL, Ann Arbor stage I to IV, from 41 academic and hospital centres in France and Belgium...
January 2017: Lancet Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002131/premedication-use-before-infliximab-administration-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#4
Joseph Picoraro, Gabriel Winberry, Corey A Siegel, Wael El-Matary, Jonathan Moses, Andrew Grossman, K T Park
BACKGROUND: Premedications are commonly given to patients with inflammatory bowel disease before intravenous infliximab administration. We aimed to (1) describe practice variability; and (2) determine clinician rationale for premedicating patients with inflammatory bowel disease before infliximab administration. METHODS: We developed a cross-sectional electronic survey after comprehensive literature review to assess practice variability and clinician rationale for premedication use before infliximab...
January 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999602/anaphylaxis-to-supplemental-oral-lactase-enzyme
#5
M R Voisin, R Borici-Mazi
BACKGROUND: Anaphylactic reactions involving IgE mediated hypersensitivity have been frequently reported for a number of uncommon foods. However, cases of anaphylaxis to over the counter vitamins and oral supplements have been rarely published. Lactose intolerance affects approximately 20% of Canadians and roughly 70% of the world's population of any age. Lactose intolerance develops primarily due to the absence of the enzyme lactase and treatment involves avoidance of lactose-containing foods or ingestion of commercially available lactase enzyme preparations prior to their consumption...
2016: Allergy, Asthma, and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943131/knowledge-and-attitude-towards-pharmacological-management-of-acute-agitation-a-survey-of-psychiatrists-psychiatry-residents-and-psychiatric-nurses
#6
KeumbÔh Tangu, Adaora Ifeanyi, Mayurapriya Velusamy, Sara Dar, Nurun Shah, Ifeoma E Ezeobele, Olaoluwa O Okusaga
OBJECTIVE: The authors compared the current knowledge and attitude of psychiatrists, psychiatry residents, and psychiatric nurses towards the pharmacological management of acute agitation. METHODS: Questionnaires were electronically distributed to all attending psychiatrists, psychiatry residents, and psychiatric nurses who were either employed by the University Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences or were staff at a 250-bed affiliated Psychiatric Hospital...
December 9, 2016: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922194/pharmacodynamic-response-profiles-of-anxiolytic-and-sedative-drugs
#7
Xia Chen, Freerk Broeyer, Marieke de Kam, Joke Baas, Adam Cohen, Joop van Gerven
INTRODUCTION: Centrally-acting acutely anxiolytic drugs, like benzodiazepines, barbiturates and gabapentinoids, affect various central nervous system (CNS) functions, which reflect not only their anxiolytic effects but also neuropsychological side-effects. To validate the pharmacodynamic biomarkers for GABA-ergic anxiolytics, this study determined the pharmacodynamics of two anxiolytics and a non-anxiolytic control and linked them to their anxiolytic and sedative effects, during an anxiety-challenge study day...
December 6, 2016: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920067/injectable-diphenhydramine-used-as-anaesthetic-for-wide-local-excision-with-flap-closure
#8
Laura E Pickett, Jillian Macdonald
BACKGROUND: Lidocaine-allergic patients pose a challenge for cutaneous surgical procedures. We present a case of a successful wide local excision with flap closures on the face using topical tetracaine followed by infiltration with 1% diphenhydramine. CASE SUMMARY: An 84-year-old woman, with a lidocaine intolerance, presented to the Mohs surgery clinic for wide local excision of a nodular basal cell carcinoma on her right medial cheek. Successful anaesthesia was achieved using topical 4% tetracaine followed by intradermal and subcutaneous injection of 1% diphenhydramine...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916694/regenerated-cellulose-capsules-for-controlled-drug-delivery-part-iv-in-vitro-evaluation-of-novel-self-pore-forming-regenerated-cellulose-capsules
#9
Bhavik Bhatt, Vijay Kumar
In the present work, the release mechanisms of active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) enclosed in self-pore forming regenerated cellulose (RC) two-piece hard shell capsules are described. The RC capsules were fabricated using a modified dip-coating approach, which yielded an assembled dosage form that was equivalent in size and shape to a conventional gelatin two-piece hard shell capsule. Drug release characteristics from RC capsules were evaluated using potassium chloride, diphenhydramine hydrochloride, tramadol hydrochloride, niacinamide, acetaminophen and ketoprofen as model APIs...
January 15, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886581/a-multi-omic-approach-to-elucidate-low-dose-effects-of-xenobiotics-in-zebrafish-danio-rerio-larvae
#10
Susie S Y Huang, Jonathan P Benskin, Nik Veldhoen, Bharat Chandramouli, Heather Butler, Caren C Helbing, John R Cosgrove
Regulatory-approved toxicity assays such as the OECD Fish Embryo Toxicity Assay (TG236) allow correlation of chemical exposure to adverse morphological phenotypes. However, these assays are ineffective in assessing sub-lethal (i.e. low-dose) effects, or differentiating between similar phenotypes induced by different chemicals. Inclusion of multi-omic analyses in studies investigating xenobiotic action provides improved characterization of biological response, thereby enhancing prediction of toxicological outcomes in whole animals in the absence of morphological effects...
January 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875053/pharmacological-reversal-agents-in-dental-practice-keys-to-patient-safety
#11
Mark Donaldson, Jason H Goodchild
Though uncommon, medical emergencies in the dental office are harrowing occurrences that can be the result of adverse drug reactions. Pharmacological antagonists have been developed for administration as reversal agents in emergency situations in which patients may have an untoward effect, typically caused by too much medication. Dental practitioners should be familiar with these agents to keep patients safe and help mitigate drug-induced medical emergencies. This article reviews the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic principles of pharmacological antagonists; it emphasizes six specific reversal agents as they relate to the clinical practice of dentistry: naloxone, flumazenil, epinephrine, diphenhydramine, phentolamine, and atropine...
November 2016: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872516/proliferative-effects-of-histamine-on-primary-human-pterygium-fibroblasts
#12
Zhenwei Qin, Qiuli Fu, Lifang Zhang, Houfa Yin, Xiuming Jin, Qiaomei Tang, Danni Lyu, Ke Yao
Purpose. It has been confirmed that inflammatory cytokines are involved in the progression of pterygium. Histamine can enhance proliferation and migration of many cells. Therefore, we intend to investigate the proliferative and migratory effects of histamine on primary culture of human pterygium fibroblasts (HPFs). Methods. Pterygium and conjunctiva samples were obtained from surgery, and toluidine blue staining was used to identify mast cells. 3-[4, 5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) was performed to evaluate the proliferative rate of HPFs and human conjunctival fibroblasts (HCFs); ki67 expression was also measured by immunofluorescence analysis...
2016: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871585/optimal-epidural-analgesia-for-patients-diagnosed-as-having-gynecologic-cancer-undergoing-interstitial-brachytherapy
#13
Ashley K Amsbaugh, Mark J Amsbaugh, Moataz N El-Ghamry, Brian M Derhake
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the optimal epidural analgesia for patients receiving interstitial brachytherapy (ISBT) for gynecologic cancers. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. SETTING: Operating room and hospital ward. PATIENTS: Seventy-three patients diagnosed as having gynecologic cancer and undergoing ISBT. INTERVENTIONS: Twelve patients received ropivacaine alone, 14 patients received ropivacaine with fentanyl, and 45 patients received ropivacaine with hydromorphone by epidural infusion...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866183/resolution-of-allergic-rhinitis-and-reactive-bronchospasm-with-supplements-and-food-specific-immunoglobulin-g-elimination-a-case-report
#14
Laura Kwiatkowski, Jessica Mitchell, Jeffrey Langland
Context • Allergies are a common affliction, whether they are respiratory, food related, or dermatological. People often resort to continuous use of over-the-counter medications, such as antihistamines, to manage their symptoms. Controversy still remains over testing serum immunoglobulin (Ig) G to diagnose food allergies. Objective • This study intended to examine the benefits of treatment of a pediatric patient with natural supplements and an elimination diet for IgG food allergies. Design • The research team reported a case study...
October 2016: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856924/prevention-of-carboplatin-induced-hypersensitivity-reactions-in-women-with-ovarian-cancer
#15
Katarzyna J Jerzak, Shaidah Deghan Manshadi, Pamela Ng, Manjula Maganti, Jeanna M McCuaig, Marcus Bulter, Amit Oza, Helen J Mackay
BACKGROUND: Carboplatin-based chemotherapy offers high response rates and improved overall survival for women with epithelial ovarian cancer, but its use is limited by the occurrence of hypersensitivity reactions. To evaluate the efficacy of prophylactic diphenhydramine for hypersensitivity reaction prevention, we reviewed the incidence of hypersensitivity reactions and identified patients at high risk of hypersensitivity reactions. METHODS: Women receiving ≥6 cycles of carboplatin-based chemotherapy for epithelial ovarian cancer were identified from our institutional database at the Princess Margaret Cancer Centre...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852128/antagonistic-effects-of-gingko-biloba-and-sophora-japonica-on-cerebral-vasoconstriction-in-response-to-histamine-5-hydroxytryptamine-u46619-and-bradykinin
#16
Ha Thi Thanh Nguyen, Hai Thanh Nguyen, Md Zahorul Islam, Takeshi Obi, Pitchaya Pothinuch, Thanh Van Nguyen, Tuong Manh Nguyen, Cuong Van Dao, Mitsuya Shiraishi, Atsushi Miyamoto
The aim of this study was to evaluate, for the first time, the antagonistic effects of Gingko biloba leaf (GB) and Sophora japonica L. flower bud (SJ) extracts on cerebral vasoconstriction in response to KCl, extracellular Ca[Formula: see text], histamine, 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), 9,11-dideoxy-9[Formula: see text],11[Formula: see text]-methanoepoxy prostaglandin (PG) F[Formula: see text](U46619) and bradykinin (BK), in order to explain their traditional application for diseases associated with cerebral vasospasm...
2016: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851246/1611-severe-diphenhydramine-overdose-caused-rhabdomyolysis-and-takotsubo-featured-cardiomyopathy
#17
Xuan Wang, Sirish Dharmapuri, Ghelani Ghanshyam, Ramesh Pandit, Qi Shi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843463/the-comparison-between-effect-of-chloralhydrate-and-diphenhydramine-on-sedating-for-electroencephalography
#18
Afagh Hassanzadeh Rad, Vahid Aminzadeh
OBJECTIVE: Electroencephalography (EEG) is the most effective diagnostic tool in distinguishing epileptic seizure. Chloral hydrate (CH) is a sedative hypnotic drug, commonly used as a method of sedation in children aged<3 yr. Furthermore, diphenhydramine (DH) is a first generation antihistaminic drug (H1 receptor blocker) with anti-cholinergic effect. In this study, we aimed to compare the effects of CH and DH on sedating for EEG. MATERIALS & METHODS: This retrospective cohort study was conducted on patients' records of aged 15-72 months undergone an EEG and required sedation...
2016: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803472/effect-of-surfactants-and-thickeners-on-the-stability-of-menthol-diphenhydramine-cream-identified-by-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#19
Yoshinori Onuki, Masamitsu Yokokawa, Shunichi Utsumi, Yasuko Obata, Yoshiaki Machida, Chieko Seike, Yoshihiro Hayashi, Kozo Takayama
A menthol-diphenhydramine cream is prepared in hospital pharmacies and then prescribed to patients for the treatment of pruritus associated with chronic kidney disease. The purpose of this study is to design a stable formulation without any concern about phase separation during its clinical use on patients. As a preventive measure against phase separation, various surfactants and thickeners were incorporated into the creams. The test creams were stored at 40°C, and then their phase separation behaviors were monitored...
2016: Chemical & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798077/a-fatality-related-to-the-synthetic-opioid-u-47700-postmortem-concentration-distribution
#20
Iain M McIntyre, Ray D Gary, Sandra Joseph, Robert Stabley
In this case report, we present an evaluation of the distribution of postmortem concentrations of 3,4-dichloro-N-[2-(dimethylamino)cyclohexyl]-N-methylbenzamide (U-47700) in a fatality attributed principally to the drug. A man who had a history of drug abuse was found unresponsive and not breathing on his bed. Drug paraphernalia, indicating drug insufflation, was located in the decedent's room. Toxicology screening tests in peripheral blood initially identified U-47700 using an alkaline drug screen with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) following solid-phase extraction...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
keyword
keyword
32787
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"