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Lancet Global Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400950/economics-in-global-health-2035-a-sensitivity-analysis-of-the-value-of-a-life-year-estimates
#1
Angela Y Chang, Lisa A Robinson, James K Hammitt, Stephen C Resch
BACKGROUND: In "Global health 2035: a world converging within a generation," The Lancet Commission on Investing in Health (CIH) adds the value of increased life expectancy to the value of growth in gross domestic product (GDP) when assessing national well-being. To value changes in life expectancy, the CIH relies on several strong assumptions to bridge gaps in the empirical research. It finds that the value of a life year (VLY) averages 2.3 times GDP per capita for low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) assuming the changes in life expectancy they experienced from 2000 to 2011 are permanent...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395831/community-health-workers-emerging-from-the-shadows
#2
EDITORIAL
The Lancet Global Health
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353427/preparing-for-future-global-health-emergencies
#3
EDITORIAL
The Lancet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 25, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349322/cost-effectiveness-of-two-government-district-hospitals-in-sub-saharan-africa
#4
Caris E Grimes, Rebekah Law, Anna Dare, Nigel Day, Sophie Reshamwalla, Michael Murowa, Peter M George, Thaim B Kamara, Nyengo C Mkandawire, Andrew J M Leather, Christopher B D Lavy
BACKGROUND: District hospitals in sub-Saharan Africa are in need of investment if countries are going to progress towards universal health coverage, and meet the sustainable development goals and the Lancet Commission on Global Surgery time-bound targets for 2030. Previous studies have suggested that government hospitals are likely to be highly cost-effective and therefore worthy of investment. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the inpatient logbooks for two government district hospitals in two sub-Saharan African hospitals was performed...
March 27, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314568/health-workers-and-the-weaponisation-of-health-care-in-syria-a-preliminary-inquiry-for-the-lancet-american-university-of-beirut-commission-on-syria
#5
Fouad M Fouad, Annie Sparrow, Ahmad Tarakji, Mohamad Alameddine, Fadi El-Jardali, Adam P Coutts, Nour El Arnaout, Lama Bou Karroum, Mohammed Jawad, Sophie Roborgh, Aula Abbara, Fadi Alhalabi, Ibrahim AlMasri, Samer Jabbour
The conflict in Syria presents new and unprecedented challenges that undermine the principles and practice of medical neutrality in armed conflict. With direct and repeated targeting of health workers, health facilities, and ambulances, Syria has become the most dangerous place on earth for health-care providers. The weaponisation of health care-a strategy of using people's need for health care as a weapon against them by violently depriving them of it-has translated into hundreds of health workers killed, hundreds more incarcerated or tortured, and hundreds of health facilities deliberately and systematically attacked...
March 14, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302563/introducing-the-lancet-global-health-commission-on-high-quality-health-systems-in-the-sdg-era
#6
Margaret E Kruk, Muhammad Pate, Zoë Mullan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 10, 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288735/end-stage-kidney-disease-in-lmics-rising-to-the-challenge
#7
EDITORIAL
The Lancet Global Health
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283121/health-care-expenditures-associated-with-pollution-exploratory-methods-and-findings
#8
Alexander S Preker, Olusoji O Adeyi, Marisa Gil Lapetra, Diane-Charlotte Simon, Eric Keuffel
BACKGROUND: The research done for this paper is part of the background analysis undertaken to support the work of the Global Commission on Pollution, Health and Development, an initiative of The Lancet, the Global Alliance on Health and Pollution, and the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai. The paper expands on areas where the current literature has gaps in knowledge related to the health care cost of pollution. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to generate an initial estimate of total tangible health care expenditure attributable to man-made pollution affecting air, soil and water...
September 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193379/surprise-us-mr-trump
#9
EDITORIAL
The Lancet Global Health
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104169/global-health-security-how-can-laboratories-help
#10
EDITORIAL
The Lancet Global Health
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064463/global-research-trends-in-lithium-toxicity-from-1913-to-2015-a-bibliometric-analysis
#11
Sa'ed H Zyoud, W Stephen Waring, Waleed M Sweileh, Samah W Al-Jabi
Lithium salts have been used to treat psychiatric disorders since the 1940s and are currently used in prophylaxis and treatment of depression and bipolar disorder. Therefore, we conducted this study to assess lithium toxicity-related publications using bibliometric approaches from a health point of view to assess global research trends in the lithium toxicity field to offer guidance to future research in this field. The data were retrieved from the online version of Scopus database on 6 August 2016. All records with the term 'lithium' in the title were retrieved, and those related to lithium toxicity were evaluated...
January 8, 2017: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040092/global-access-to-radiotherapy-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#12
M Abdel-Wahab, E Fidarova, A Polo
Over the last 60 years, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has been working to introduce, expand and improve radiotherapy services, working with partners such as the World Health Organization (WHO) to improve cancer diagnosis, treatment, care and control through collective action in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The Lancet Oncology Commission on radiotherapy published a report that defined five calls for action to expand global access to radiotherapy, drawing on the previous work of the Global Taskforce on Radiotherapy for Cancer Control...
February 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031041/building-health-research-systems-who-is-generating-global-perspectives-and-who-s-celebrating-national-successes
#13
EDITORIAL
Stephen R Hanney, Miguel A González-Block
In 2016, England's National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) celebrated its tenth anniversary as an innovative national health research system with a focus on meeting patients' needs. This provides a good opportunity to reflect on how the creation of the NIHR has greatly enhanced important work, started in 1991, to develop a health research system in England that is embedded in the National Health Service.In 2004, WHO identified a range of functions that a national health research system should undertake to improve the health of populations...
December 28, 2016: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012780/achieving-a-grand-convergence-in-global-health-by-2035
#14
Adel Mahmoud
Historical evidence demonstrates the validity of the concept "Grand Convergence". The Lancet commission identified the major challenges facing low and lower middle income countries including the unfinished agenda, non-communicable diseases and injuries and an approach to funding and achieving these objectives along with progress towards universal health care. The role of vaccines is summarized as a major approach to accomplish a Grand Convergence in a generation.
December 22, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998518/the-lancet-american-university-of-beirut-commission-on-syria-a-new-role-for-global-health-in-conflict-and-a-call-for-papers
#15
Samer Jabbour, Jennifer Leaning, Iman Nuwayhid, Richard Horton, Pamela Das
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 17, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986230/barriers-to-global-health-training-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology
#16
Rachel Pope, Maria Shaker, Prakash Ganesh, Margaret Larkins-Pettigrew, Stephanie Deter Pickett
BACKGROUND: The Lancet Commission on Global Surgery includes obstetrics and gynecology as an area needing international strengthening in low- and middle-income countries. Despite interest, a majority of participants in US residency programs graduate with little exposure to global health or preparation to work abroad. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the level of interest of obstetrics and gynecology (Ob/Gyn) residents in gaining global health training and to identify perceived barriers to receiving training...
July 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955768/precision-global-health-beyond-prevention-and-control
#17
EDITORIAL
The Lancet Global Health
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918334/challenges-of-anesthesia-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-access-to-safe-obstetric-anesthesia-in-east-africa
#18
Isabella Epiu, Jossy Verel Bahe Tindimwebwa, Cephas Mijumbi, Thomas M Chokwe, Edwin Lugazia, Francois Ndarugirire, Theogene Twagirumugabe, Gerald Dubowitz
BACKGROUND: The United Nations 2015 Millennium Development Goals targeted a 75% reduction in maternal mortality. However, in spite of this goal, the number of maternal deaths per 100,000 live births remains unacceptably high across Sub-Saharan Africa. Because many of these deaths could likely be averted with access to safe surgery, including cesarean delivery, we set out to assess the capacity to provide safe anesthetic care for mothers in the main referral hospitals in East Africa. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted at 5 main referral hospitals in East Africa: Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda, and Burundi...
January 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914088/murine-mycobacterium-marinum-infection-as-a-model-for-tuberculosis
#19
Julia Lienard, Fredric Carlsson
Mycobacteria are a major human health problem globally. Regarding tuberculosis the situation is worsened by the poor efficacy of current vaccine regimens and by emergence of drug-resistant strains (Manjelievskaia J et al, Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 110: 110, 2016; Pereira et al., Lancet Infect Dis 12:300-306, 2012; http://www.who.int/tb/publications/global_report/en/) undermining both disease-prevention and available treatments. Thus, increased basic understanding of mycobacterial-and particularly Mycobacterium tuberculosis-virulence strategies and pathogenesis is of great importance...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905017/an-evaluation-of-preparedness-delivery-and-impact-of-surgical-and-anesthesia-care-in-madagascar-a-framework-for-a-national-surgical-plan
#20
Emily Bruno, Michelle C White, Linden S Baxter, Vaonandianina Agnès Ravelojaona, Hasiniaina Narindria Rakotoarison, Hery Harimanitra Andriamanjato, Kristin L Close, Alison Herbert, Nakul Raykar, Saurabh Saluja, Mark G Shrime
BACKGROUND: The Lancet Commission on Global Surgery (LCoGS) described the lack of access to safe, affordable, timely surgical, and anesthesia care. It proposed a series of 6 indicators to measure surgery, accompanied by time-bound targets and a template for national surgical planning. To date, no sub-Saharan African country has completed and published a nationwide evaluation of its surgical system within this framework. METHOD: Mercy Ships, in partnership with Harvard Medical School and the Madagascar Ministry of Health, collected data on the 6 indicators from 22 referral hospitals in 16 out of 22 regions of Madagascar...
November 30, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
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