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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817610/an-overview-of-financial-sources-being-utilized-to-support-zika-virus-published-research
#1
Keisha Goodridge, Ludovic Reveiz, Vanessa Elias
BACKGROUND: Since its initial detection in Brazil in 2015, Zika Virus (ZIKV) has spread rapidly throughout most of the Caribbean and South, Central and North America. An upsurge in congenital syndrome associated with ZIKV and Guillain-Barre Syndrome (GBS) has been associated with the increase in ZIKV. This amplification in numbers led to the need for funded research initiatives focusing on various countries globally and on specific experimental types. OBJECTIVES: To determine the financial institutions involved in the production of primary research into the ZIKV epidemic...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817578/deliberate-self-harm-behavior-among-young-violent-offenders
#2
Natalie Laporte, Andrejs Ozolins, Sofie Westling, Åsa Westrin, Eva Billstedt, Björn Hofvander, Märta Wallinius
Deliberate self-harm behavior (DSH) can have profound effects on a person's quality of life, and challenges the health care system. Even though DSH has been associated with aggressive interpersonal behaviors, the knowledge on DSH in persons exhibiting such behaviors is scarce. This study aims to (1) specify the prevalence and character of DSH, (2) identify clinical, neurocognitive, psychosocial, and criminological characteristics associated with DSH, and (3) determine predictors of DSH among young violent offenders...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817554/occupational-distribution-of-campylobacteriosis-and-salmonellosis-cases-maryland-ohio-and-virginia-2014
#3
Chia-Ping Su, Marie A de Perio, Kathleen Fagan, Meghan L Smith, Ellen Salehi, Seth Levine, Karen Gruszynski, Sara E Luckhaupt
Campylobacter and Salmonella are leading causes of bacterial gastroenteritis in the United States and are estimated to cause >1 million episodes of domestically acquired illness annually (1). Campylobacter and Salmonella are primarily transmitted through contaminated food, but animal-to-human and human-to-human transmission can also occur (2,3). Although occupationally acquired infections have been reported, occupational risk factors have rarely been studied. In 2015, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) identified 63 suspected or confirmed cases of Campylobacter infection over 3...
August 18, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816904/the-relationship-between-oref-grants-and-future-nih-funding-success
#4
Vishal Hegde, Daniel Johansen, Howard Y Park, Stephen D Zoller, Christopher Hamad, Nicholas M Bernthal
BACKGROUND: The Orthopaedic Research and Education Foundation (OREF) is the leading specialty-specific nongovernmental organization providing orthopaedic funding in the United States. As extramural research funding has become increasingly difficult to acquire, one mission of the OREF is to support investigators to generate data needed to secure larger extramural funding from agencies such as the National Institutes of Health (NIH). The objectives of this study were to evaluate the rate of translating OREF faculty-level grants into subsequent NIH funding and to determine if there are identifiable factors that increase the rate of converting an OREF grant into NIH funding...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816573/a-longitudinal-study-investigating-how-stroke-severity-disability-and-physical-function-the-first-week-post-stroke-are-associated-with-walking-speed-six-months-post-stroke
#5
Mona Kristin Aaslund, Rolf Moe-Nilssen, Bente Bassøe Gjelsvik, Bård Bogen, Halvor Næss, Håkon Hofstad, Jan Sture Skouen
OBJECTIVES: To investigate to which degree stroke severity, disability, and physical function the first week post-stroke are associated with preferred walking speed (PWS) at 6 months. DESIGN: Longitudinal observational study. METHOD: Participants were recruited from a stroke unit and tested within the first week (baseline) and at 6 months post-stroke. Outcome measures were the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS), the Barthel Index (BI), modified Rankin Scale (mRS), PWS, Postural Assessment Scale for Stroke (PASS), and the Trunk Impairment Scale modified-Norwegian version...
August 17, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815360/epidemiology-in-germany-general-development-and-personal-experience
#6
Heinz-Erich Wichmann
Did you ever hear about epidemiology in Germany? Starting from an epidemiological desert the discipline has grown remarkably, especially during the last 10-15 years: research institutes have been established, research funding has improved, multiple curriculae in Epidemiology and Public Health are offered. This increase has been quite steep, and now the epidemiological infrastructure is much better. Several medium-sized and even big population cohorts are ongoing, and the number and quality of publications from German epidemiologists has reached a respectable level...
August 16, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814841/use-of-care-and-the-oral-health-status-of-people-aged-60-years-and-older-in-france-results-from-the-national-health-and-disability-survey
#7
Gérald Maille, Bérengère Saliba-Serre, Anne-Marie Ferrandez, Michel Ruquet
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to analyze, from the data in a national survey, the use of oral care and the oral health status of patients living at home or in an institution. BACKGROUND: Patients aged 60 years and older have important oral health needs, but their oral management may differ according to their immediate environment. The fact of living at home or in an institution can influence the use of care and alter the patients' perception of their oral health status. METHODS: The data analyzed were taken from a survey on disability and health carried out in 2008-2009, which is representative of the population living in France...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814701/-byoin-in-modern-japan-focusing-on-the-terminological-introduction-of-hospital-and-the-complex-formation-of-its-concept
#8
Youngsoo Kim
This paper aims to clarify when the term of Byoin (hospital) was introduced and how its concept was developed in modern Japan. The word "Byoin" was introduced in Japan in 1787 for the first time, but it had not been in use until early 1860s. Instead, various medical institutions performing the functions of modern medical facilities, such as Yojosho (A place for preserving health), Shijuku (private school), called by traditional names as ever. Japanese intellectuals already adopted the word Byoin and the concept of western hospital in early 1860s when their national delegates were dispatched to Europe to revise the treaties forged with western powers...
April 2017: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814341/a-review-of-national-policies-and-strategies-to-improve-quality-of-health-care-and-patient-safety-a-case-study-from-lebanon-and-jordan
#9
Fadi El-Jardali, Racha Fadlallah
BACKGROUND: Improving quality of care and patient safety practices can strengthen health care delivery systems, improve health sector performance, and accelerate attainment of health-related Sustainability Development Goals. Although quality improvement is now prominent on the health policy agendas of governments in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), including countries of the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR), progress to date has not been optimal. The objective of this study is to comprehensively review existing quality improvement and patient safety policies and strategies in two selected countries of the EMR (Lebanon and Jordan) to determine the extent to which these have been institutionalized within existing health systems...
August 16, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814303/data-collection-of-patients-with-diabetes-in-family-medicine-a-study-in-north-eastern-italy
#10
Alberto Vaona, Franco Del Zotti, Sandro Girotto, Claudio Marafetti, Giulio Rigon, Alessandro Marcon
BACKGROUND: Studies on data collection and quality of care in Italian family medicine are lacking. The aim of this study was to assess the completeness of data collection of patients with diabetes in a large sample of family physicians in the province of Verona, Veneto region, a benchmark for the Italian National Health System. METHODS: We extracted the data on all the patients with diabetes from the electronic health records of 270 family physicians in 2006 and 2009...
August 16, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812836/understanding-internal-accountability-in-nigeria-s-routine-immunization-system-perspectives-from-government-officials-at-the-national-state-and-local-levels
#11
Daniel J Erchick, Asha S George, Chukwunonso Umeh, Chizoba Wonodi
BACKGROUND: Routine immunization coverage in Nigeria has remained low, and studies have identified a lack of accountability as a barrier to high performance in the immunization system. Accountability lies at the heart of various health systems strengthening efforts recently launched in Nigeria, including those related to immunization. Our aim was to understand the views of health officials on the accountability challenges hindering immunization service delivery at various levels of government...
December 10, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812831/multisectoral-actions-for-health-challenges-and-opportunities-in-complex-policy-environments
#12
EDITORIAL
Viroj Tangcharoensathien, Orapan Srisookwatana, Poldej Pinprateep, Tipicha Posayanonda, Walaiporn Patcharanarumol
Multisectoral actions for health, defined as actions undertaken by non-health sectors to protect the health of the population, are essential in the context of inter-linkages between three dimensions of sustainable development: economic, social, and environmental. These multisectoral actions can address the social and economic factors that influence the health of a population at the local, national, and global levels. This editorial identifies the challenges, opportunities and capacity development for effective multisectoral actions for health in a complex policy environment...
May 16, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812541/systematic-review-of-interventions-for-treating-or-preventing-antipsychotic-induced-tardive-dyskinesia
#13
Hanna Bergman, Dawn-Marie Walker, Adriani Nikolakopoulou, Karla Soares-Weiser, Clive E Adams
BACKGROUND: Antipsychotic medication can cause tardive dyskinesia (TD) - late-onset, involuntary, repetitive movements, often involving the face and tongue. TD occurs in > 20% of adults taking antipsychotic medication (first-generation antipsychotics for > 3 months), with this proportion increasing by 5% per year among those who continue to use these drugs. The incidence of TD among those taking newer antipsychotics is not different from the rate in people who have used older-generation drugs in moderate doses...
August 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812385/increased-acetaminophen-related-calls-to-finnish-pic-better-reflect-acetaminophen-sales-than-serious-poisonings
#14
Mikko J Parry, Helena Isoniemi, Anna-Maria Koivusalo, Kalle Hoppu
OBJECTIVE: Acetaminophen (APAP) or paracetamol is a commonly encountered medicine in poisonings. We studied the changes in APAP related calls to the Finnish poison information centre (FPIC), and serious intoxications, involving hepatotoxicity or death in 2001-2014. These data were compared with paracetamol sales in Finland. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of the FPIC database calls, national cause of death registry, registries of liver transplantations and molecular adsorbent recycling system (MARS)-treated patients from Helsinki University Hospital together with the National Institute of Health and Welfare registry of patients hospitalized...
August 16, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811801/pakistan-journal-of-medical-sciences-a-bibliometric-assessment-2001-2010
#15
Zameer Hussain Baladi, Loung V Umedani
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to measure the growth of scientific research, authors' productivity, affiliation with the institute and geographic locations published in the Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences during the period of 2001 - 2010. METHODS: This numerical analysis was conducted during mid-August 2016 to mid-October, 2016. The data for the study was downloaded from websites of e-journal of Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences (PJMS) and Pak Medi-Net Com...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810982/evaluation-of-the-validity-and-response-burden-of-patient-self-report-measures-of-the-pain-assessment-screening-tool-and-outcomes-registry-pastor
#16
Karon F Cook, Michael A Kallen, Chester Buckenmaier, Diane M Flynn, Steven R Hanling, Teresa S Collins, Kristin Joltes, Kyung Kwon, Sheila Medina-Torne, Parisa Nahavandi, Joshua Suen, Richard Gershon
BACKGROUND: In 2009, the Army Pain Management Task Force was chartered. On the basis of their findings, the Department of Defense recommended a comprehensive pain management strategy that included development of a standardized pain assessment system that would collect patient-reported outcomes data to inform the patient-provider clinical encounter. The result was the Pain Assessment Screening Tool and Outcomes Registry (PASTOR). The purpose of this study was to assess the validity and response burden of the patient-reported outcome measures in PASTOR...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810970/completion-of-a-veteran-focused-civic-service-program-improves-health-and-psychosocial-outcomes-in-iraq-and-afghanistan-veterans-with-a-history-of-traumatic-brain-injury
#17
Karen A Lawrence, Monica M Matthieu, Emma Robertson-Blackmore
INTRODUCTION: Volunteering as a health promotion intervention is positively related to improved health and well-being in civilians and older adults. Yet, the impacts of participating in a community-based volunteering program on returning military veterans have not been studied, nor have the outcomes for veterans who have experienced a traumatic brain injury (TBI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This observational, pre-post survey examines health, psychological, and social outcomes from a cohort of post-9/11/01 veterans with (N = 67) and without a reported TBI history (N = 273) who completed a 6-month, 20-hour per week veteran-focused civic service program...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810965/the-benefits-and-risks-of-energy-drinks-in-young-adults-and-military-service-members
#18
Julianne Manchester, Inbal Eshel, Donald W Marion
INTRODUCTION: Energy drinks (EDs) have become an integral part of the young adult, athletic, and military culture. Many athletes are convinced that EDs enhance performance, and service members as well as college students frequently use EDs as stimulants to counter sleep deprivation, or to improve academic performance. However, concerns have been raised by some military leaders about potential adverse effects of EDs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A needs assessment survey of a convenience sample of military health care providers was conducted and identified EDs as a top knowledge need for those providers working in the area of traumatic brain injury (TBI)...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810960/talk-to-the-hand-u-s-army-biophysical-testing
#19
William R Santee, Adam W Potter, Karl E Friedl
BACKGROUND: Many people are unaware of the science underlying the biophysical properties of Soldier clothing and personal protective equipment, yet there is a well-refined biomedical methodology initiated by Army physiologists in World War II. This involves a methodical progression of systematic material testing technologies, computer modeling, and human testing that enables more efficient development and rapid evaluation of new concepts for Soldier health and performance. Sophisticated manikins that sweat and move are a central part of this testing continuum...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810959/a-retrospective-review-of-clinical-admissions-to-afghan-national-security-forces-health-care-institutions
#20
Christian W Ertl, David Royal, Jairo Espinosa
BACKGROUND: Few published reports have examined the numbers of civilian injuries treated at Military Treatment Facilities in the Afghan Theater of Operations. However, review of Department of Defense Trauma Registry revealed a persistent percentage of civilians treated by NATO, and this study compares the proportion of civilians served by Afghan and Coalition military hospitals between 2009 and 2013. METHODS: A retrospective review of records from Department of Defense trauma Registry for Coalition data, and Afghan data from the Office of the Inspector General...
July 2017: Military Medicine
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