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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936452/exercise-is-an-effective-treatment-for-positive-valence-symptoms-in-major-depression
#1
Marisa Toups, Thomas Carmody, Tracy Greer, Chad Rethorst, Bruce Grannemann, Madhukar H Trivedi
INTRODUCTION: Measurement of symptoms domains and their response to treatment in relative isolation from diagnosed mental disorders has gained new urgency, as reflected by the National Institute of Mental Health's introduction of the Research Domain Criteria (RDoC). The Snaith Hamilton Pleasure Scale (SHAPS) and the Motivation and Energy Inventory (MEI) are two scales measuring positive valence symptoms. We evaluated the effect of exercise on positive valence symptoms of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD)...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936351/metal-exposures-at-three-u-s-electronic-scrap-recycling-facilities
#2
Diana Ceballos, Catherine Beaucham, Elena Page
Many metals found in electronic scrap are known to cause serious health effects, including but not limited to cancer and respiratory, neurologic, renal, and reproductive damage. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health/Centers for Disease Control and Prevention performed three health hazard evaluations at electronic scrap recycling facilities in the U.S. to characterize employee exposure to metals and recommend control strategies to reduce these exposures. We performed air, surface, and biological monitoring for metals...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936288/staple-crops-biofortified-with-increased-vitamins-and-minerals-considerations-for-a-public-health-strategy
#3
Maria Nieves Garcia-Casal, Juan Pablo Peña-Rosas, Boitshepo Giyose
Biofortification of staple crops has been proposed as a strategy to address micronutrient malnutrition, particularly with respect to insufficient intake of vitamin A, iron, zinc, and folate. The World Health Organization, in collaboration with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and the Sackler Institute for Nutrition Science at the New York Academy of Sciences, convened a technical consultation entitled "Staple Crops Biofortified with Vitamins and Minerals: Considerations for a Public Health Strategy" in April 2016...
December 9, 2016: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936074/association-between-metabolic-syndrome-and-cognitive-impairment-after-acute-ischemic-stroke-a-cross-sectional-study-in-a-chinese-population
#4
Pan Li, Wei Quan, Da Lu, Yan Wang, Hui-Hong Zhang, Shuai Liu, Rong-Cai Jiang, Yu-Ying Zhou
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Metabolic syndrome (MetS), a risk factor for many vascular conditions, is associated with vascular cognitive disorders. The objective of the present study was to explore the associations of MetS and its individual components with the risks of cognitive impairment and neurological dysfunction in patients after acute stroke. METHODS: This cross-sectional study enrolled 840 patients ranging in age from 53 to 89 years from the Tianjin area of North China...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935777/acupuncture-and-chronic-pain-management
#5
Ladan Eshkevari
According to National Institute of Health Pathways to Prevention Workshop (2014), chronic pain affects an estimated 100 million Americans, with approximately 25 million people experiencing moderate to severe chronic pain, which negatively impacts their ability to function leading to a diminished quality of life. Pain is the primary reason Americans are on disability, which adds to the economic and social burden of suffering for the nation. Chronic pain costs are estimated to be between 560 and 630 billion per year...
January 2017: Annual Review of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935351/childhood-constipation-recognition-management-and-the-role-of-the-nurse
#6
James Schuster Bruce, Catherine Schuster Bruce, Hayley Short, Siba Prosad Paul
Constipation is a common childhood condition that health professionals will encounter in many different settings. The majority of these cases of childhood constipation are idiopathic in nature. It is considered to exhibit the 'tip of the iceberg' phenomenon as a large number of cases remain undetected due to under-recognition by families, embarrassment regarding the condition, fear of receiving a negative response from health professionals, or parental belief there is actually something more seriously wrong and failure to accept the diagnosis...
December 8, 2016: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935147/cycles-of-silence-first-nations-women-overcoming-social-and-historical-barriers-in-supportive-cancer-care
#7
Chad Hammond, Wendy Gifford, Carolyn Brooks, Ryan Hamilton, Tracy Scott, Doris Warner, Tricia Morrison, Jennifer Poudrier, Roanne Thomas
BACKGROUND: First Nations people with cancer in Canada confront several critical inequities in physical and psychosocial domains. First Nations women are at a particular disadvantage as they are disproportionately affected by social determinants of health, but how they navigate these challenges within their communities is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: Our study explores survivorship experiences of First Nations women with cancer and their caregivers. Drawing from a larger data set on survivorship, we identify several major barriers to cancer communication and support in First Nations communities...
December 9, 2016: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934669/lgbt-coverage-in-u-s-dental-schools-and-dental-hygiene-programs-results-of-a-national-survey
#8
Kenneth L Hillenburg, Carol A Murdoch-Kinch, Janet S Kinney, Henry Temple, Marita R Inglehart
The aims of this study were to assess curricular coverage of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) content in U.S. and Canadian dental schools and U.S. dental hygiene programs, including hours of LGBT content, pedagogy used, and assessment methods, and to determine whether respondents perceived their institution's coverage as adequate. Data were collected from academic deans at 32 U.S. and two Canadian dental schools and from program directors at 71 U.S. dental hygiene programs (response rates 49%, 20%, 23%, respectively)...
December 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934583/bacillus-cereus-induced-food-borne-outbreaks-in-france-2007-to-2014-epidemiology-and-genetic-characterisation
#9
Benjamin Glasset, Sabine Herbin, Laurent Guillier, Sabrina Cadel-Six, Marie-Léone Vignaud, Joel Grout, Sylvie Pairaud, Valérie Michel, Jacques-Antoine Hennekinne, Nalini Ramarao, Anne Brisabois
The aim of this study was to identify and characterise Bacillus cereus from a unique national collection of 564 strains associated with 140 strong-evidence food-borne outbreaks (FBOs) occurring in France during 2007 to 2014. Starchy food and vegetables were the most frequent food vehicles identified; 747 of 911 human cases occurred in institutional catering contexts. Incubation period was significantly shorter for emetic strains compared with diarrhoeal strains A sub-panel of 149 strains strictly associated to 74 FBOs and selected on Coliphage M13-PCR pattern, was studied for detection of the genes encoding cereulide, diarrhoeic toxins (Nhe, Hbl, CytK1 and CytK2) and haemolysin (HlyII), as well as panC phylogenetic classification...
December 1, 2016: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933151/improving-asthma-care-in-a-pediatric-resident-clinic
#10
Julia Lee, Albina Gogo, Daniel Tancredi, Erik Fernandez Y Garcia, Ulfat Shaikh
There is variation in pediatric asthma management in the outpatient setting. Adherence to national asthma guidelines provides a systematic standardized approach to asthma management. There is a gap between usual and guideline-consistent asthma care in resident clinics. Practice improvement modules aimed at improving resident physician adherence to asthma care guidelines have not been consistently utilized and have not yet been studied. Our aim was to increase guideline consistent care in our pediatric resident clinic in a twelve-month period via increasing performance on the following measures to 75%: spirometry testing; influenza immunization recommendation; level of control assessed through the use of a standardized questionnaire; appropriate medications per national guideline; and use of written asthma action plans...
2016: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932851/computational-fluid-dynamic-modeling-of-a-medium-sized-surface-mine-blasthole-drill-shroud
#11
Y Zheng, W R Reed, L Zhou, J P Rider
The Pittsburgh Mining Research Division of the U.S. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) recently developed a series of models using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) to study airflows and respirable dust distribution associated with a medium-sized surface blasthole drill shroud with a dry dust collector system. Previously run experiments conducted in NIOSH's full-scale drill shroud laboratory were used to validate the models. The setup values in the CFD models were calculated from experimental data obtained from the drill shroud laboratory and measurements of test material particle size...
November 2016: Mining Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932551/antigen-unmasking-enhances-visualization-efficacy-of-the-oocyte-activation-factor-phospholipase-c-zeta-in-mammalian-sperm
#12
Junaid Kashir, Luke Buntwal, Michail Nomikos, Brian L Calver, Panagiotis Stamatiadis, Peter Ashley, Vyronia Vassilakopoulou, David Sanders, Paul Knaggs, Evangelia Livaniou, Adnan Bunkheila, Karl Swann, F Anthony Lai
STUDY QUESTION: Is it possible to improve clinical visualization of phospholipase C zeta (PLCζ) as a diagnostic marker of sperm oocyte activation capacity and male fertility? SUMMARY ANSWER: Poor PLCζ visualization efficacy using current protocols may be due to steric or conformational occlusion of native PLCζ, hindering antibody access, and is significantly enhanced using antigen unmasking/retrieval (AUM) protocols. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Mammalian oocyte activation is mediated via a series of intracellular calcium (Ca(2+)) oscillations induced by sperm-specific PLCζ...
December 8, 2016: Molecular Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932368/longitudinal-associations-between-body-composition-sarcopenic-obesity-and-outcomes-of-frailty-disability-institutionalisation-and-mortality-in-community-dwelling-older-men-the-concord-health-and-ageing-in-men-project
#13
Vasant Hirani, Vasi Naganathan, Fiona Blyth, David G Le Couteur, Markus J Seibel, Louise M Waite, David J Handelsman, Robert G Cumming
BACKGROUND: to explore the longitudinal associations between body composition measures, sarcopenic obesity and outcomes of frailty, activities of daily living (ADL) and instrumental ADL (IADL) disability, institutionalisation and mortality. METHODS: men aged ≥ 70 years (2005-07) from the Concord Health and Ageing in Men Project were assessed at baseline (n = 1,705), 2 (n = 1,366) and 5 years (n = 954). The main outcome measures were frailty (adapted Fried criteria), ADL, including personal care and mobility and IADL disability (ability to perform tasks for independent living), institutionalisation and mortality...
December 7, 2016: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931532/patient-centered-outcomes-research-to-improve-asthma-outcomes
#14
REVIEW
Ayodola Anise, Romana Hasnain-Wynia
The Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute is funding 8 comparative effectiveness research projects to improve patient-centered outcomes for African American and Hispanic/Latino patients with uncontrolled asthma. These projects aim to compare multilevel interventions with known efficacy at the community, home, and health system levels to enhance patient and clinician uptake of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute's National Asthma Education Prevention Program guidelines and improve outcomes. The National Asthma Education Prevention Program guidelines provide clinicians with a range of acceptable approaches for the diagnosis and management of asthma and define general practices that meet the needs of most patients...
December 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930748/six-nine-year-follow-up-of-deep-brain-stimulation-for-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#15
Sarah M Fayad, Andrew G Guzick, Adam M Reid, Dana M Mason, Agustina Bertone, Kelly D Foote, Michael S Okun, Wayne K Goodman, Herbert E Ward
OBJECTIVE: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the ventral capsule/ventral striatum (VC/VS) region has shown promise as a neurosurgical intervention for adults with severe treatment-refractory obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Pilot studies have revealed improvement in obsessive-compulsive symptoms and secondary outcomes following DBS. We sought to establish the long-term safety and effectiveness of DBS of the VC/VS for adults with OCD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A long term follow-up study (73-112 months) was conducted on the six patients who were enrolled in the original National Institute of Mental Health pilot study of DBS for OCD...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929757/predisposing-enabling-and-need-factors-associated-with-utilization-of-institutional-delivery-services-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study-in-far-western-nepal
#16
Leila Freidoony, Chhabi Lal Ranabhat, Chhun Bae Kim, Chang Soo Kim, Dong Won Ahn, Young Ah Doh
Use of institutional delivery services can be effective in reducing maternal and infant mortality. In Nepal, however, the majority of women deliver at home. Using Andersen's behavioral model of use of health care services, this cross-sectional study aimed to identify factors associated with use of institutional delivery services in four villages and one municipality in Kailali district, Nepal. Mothers (N = 500) who had given birth in the 5 years preceding the survey (conducted between January and February 2015) were randomly selected by cluster sampling and interviewed using a semi-structured questionnaire...
December 8, 2016: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929525/the-precision-medicine-initiative-s-all-of-us-research-program-an-agenda-for-research-on-its-ethical-legal-and-social-issues
#17
REVIEW
Pamela L Sankar, Lisa S Parker
The Precision Medicine Initiative (PMI) is an innovative approach to developing a new model of health care that takes into account individual differences in people's genes, environments, and lifestyles. A cornerstone of the initiative is the PMI All of Us Research Program (formerly known as PMI-Cohort Program) which will create a cohort of 1 million volunteers who will contribute their health data and biospecimens to a centralized national database to support precision medicine research. The PMI All of US Research Program is the largest longitudinal study in the history of the United States...
December 8, 2016: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928803/-efficacy-analysis-of-laparoscopic-curve-resection-for-gastric-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor
#18
Minzhe Li, Jian Shen, Yanfu Du, Dehong Xie, Hao Qu, Yudong Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and safety of curved cutter stapler in laparoscopic curve resection for gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumor(GIST). METHODS: A retrospective clinical study was carried out with the clinical data of 19 cases of gastric GIST, who received laparoscopic curve resection with the curved cutter stapler during the period between January 2015 and December 2015 in Department of General Surgery, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical University...
November 25, 2016: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928660/economic-evaluation-of-community-based-case-management-of-patients-suffering-from-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#19
Sabrina Storgaard Sørensen, Kjeld Møller Pedersen, Ulla Møller Weinreich, Lars Ehlers
OBJECTIVES: To analyse the cost effectiveness of community-based case management for patients suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: The study took place in the third largest municipality in Denmark and was conducted as a randomised controlled trial with 12 months of follow-up. A total of 150 patients with COPD were randomised into two groups receiving usual care and case management in addition to usual care. Case management included among other things self care proficiency, medicine compliance, and care coordination...
December 7, 2016: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928448/antimicrobial-resistance-temporal-trend-of-klebsiella-pneumoniae-isolated-from-blood
#20
Gavriliu Lc, Benea Oe, Benea S
Background. According to the European Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance Network, Romania reports an increasing number of resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae strains from invasive infections every year. Material and Method. We analyzed the antimicrobial susceptibility of Klebsiella pneumoniae strains isolated from blood in 2010 and 2015 in "Matei Bals" National Institute of Infectious Diseases, in order to identify any significant changes in the last five years. Results. We identified 18 strains in 2010 and 37 strains in 2015...
October 2016: Journal of Medicine and Life
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