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Jingeng Liu, Zhiru Wei, Yuebin Wang, Zongjiang Xia, Gaofeng Zhao
BACKGROUND: Liver metastasis is common in patients with oesophageal cancer. The effect of operative intervention for post-operative solitary liver metastasis from oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) has not previously been examined. This research was to compare the effect of surgery and non-surgical therapy in patients with post-operative solitary liver metastasis from ESCC. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed the clinical data of 69 consecutive patients with solitary hepatic metastasis who had undergone oesophagectomy for ESCC and were subsequently referred to the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2005 to December 2013...
October 20, 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
Sándor Beniczky, Ivana Rosenzweig, Michael Scherg, Todor Jordanov, Benjamin Lanfer, Göran Lantz, Pål Gunnar Larsson
PURPOSE: To determine the agreement between five different methods of ictal EEG source imaging, and to assess their accuracy in presurgical evaluation of patients with focal epilepsy. It was hypothesized that high agreement between methods was associated with higher localization-accuracy. METHODS: EEGs were recorded with a 64-electrode array. Thirty-eight seizures from 22 patients were analyzed using five different methods phase mapping, dipole fitting, CLARA, cortical-CLARA and minimum norm...
October 6, 2016: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
Isabelle Bragard, Nesrine Farhat, Marie-Christine Seghaye, Oliver Karam, Arthur Neuschwander, Yasaman Shayan, Katharina Schumacher
OBJECTIVES: Pediatric cardiac arrest is a rare event. Its management requires technical (TSs) and nontechnical skills (NTSs). We assessed the effectiveness of a simulation-based training to improve these skills in managing life-threatening pediatric cardiac arrhythmias. METHODS: Four teams, each composed of 1 pediatric resident, 1 emergency medicine resident, and 2 pediatric nurses, were randomly assigned to the experimental group (EG) participating in 5 video-recorded simulation sessions with debriefing or to the control group (CG) assessed 2 times with video-recorded simulation sessions without debriefing at a 2-week interval...
October 18, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
Isabell B Purdy, Mary Alice Melwak, Joan R Smith, Carole Kenner, Rebecca Chuffo-Siewert, Donna J Ryan, Sue Hall
BACKGROUND: The neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) can be a stressful environment for infants, their families, and the healthcare team. There is an immediate need for neonatal nurses to embrace and translate the new National Perinatal Association recommendations for psychosocial support of NICU parents into clinical practice to demonstrate best practices for infants, their families, and the whole team. PURPOSE: To summarize the current evidence-based practice recommendations and to provide suggestions for team members to develop strategies to adopt and implement them through quality improvement (QI) projects...
October 19, 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
Rosario Scarfone, Antonio Ammendolia
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the physiological demands and technical-tactical performances of field players in Italian elite beach soccer team. METHODS: Three official matches of the Italian First Division beach soccer tournament were analyzed to evaluate the heart rate (HR) and time-motion analysis considering: standing, walking, jogging, running and sprinting, and technical-tactical aspects. Repeated-measures ANOVAs were used to determine the effects of time on the physiological measures and time motion analysis...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
András Perczel, Atanas G Atanasov, Vladimír Sklenář, Jiří Nováček, Veronika Papoušková, Pavel Kadeřávek, Lukáš Žídek, Henryk Kozłowski, Joanna Wątły, Aleksandra Hecel, Paulina Kołkowska, Jaroslav Koča, Radka Svobodová-Vařeková, Lukáš Pravda, David Sehnal, Vladimír Horský, Stanislav Geidl, Ricardo D Enriz, Pavel Matějka, Adéla Jeništová, Marcela Dendisová, Alžběta Kokaislová, Volkmar Weissig, Mark Olsen, Aidan Coffey, Jude Ajuebor, Ruth Keary, Marta Sanz-Gaitero, Mark J van Raaij, Olivia McAuliffe, Birgit Waltenberger, Andrei Mocan, Karel Šmejkal, Elke H Heiss, Marc Diederich, Robert Musioł, Janez Košmrlj, Jarosław Polański, Josef Jampílek
The Eighth Central European Conference "Chemistry towards Biology" was held in Brno, Czech Republic, on August 28-September 1, 2016 to bring together experts in biology, chemistry and design of bioactive compounds; promote the exchange of scientific results, methods and ideas; and encourage cooperation between researchers from all over the world. The topics of the conference covered "Chemistry towards Biology", meaning that the event welcomed chemists working on biology-related problems, biologists using chemical methods, and students and other researchers of the respective areas that fall within the common scope of chemistry and biology...
October 17, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Elizabeth Lightfoot, Jennifer Blevins, Terry Lum, Amano Dube
This community-based participatory research study sought to identify the cultural health assets of the Somali and Oromo communities in one Minnesota neighborhood that could be mobilized to develop culturally appropriate health interventions. Community asset mappers conducted 76 interviews with Somali and Oromo refugees in in Minnesota regarding the cultural assets of their community. A community-university data analysis team coded data for major themes. Key cultural health assets of the Somali and Oromo refugee communities revealed in this study include religion and religious beliefs, religious and cultural practices, a strong culture of sharing, interconnectedness, the prominence of oral traditions, traditional healthy eating and healthy lifestyles, traditional foods and medicine, and a strong cultural value placed on health...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Melissa A Simon, Emily L Malin, Brian L Hitsman, Christina C Ciecierski, David E Victorson, Jennifer R Banas, Moira Stuart, Tracy Luedke, Nu-Neighbors Advisory Committees, David Cella
A partnership formed between Northeastern Illinois University (NEIU) and the Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern University sought to address well-documented cancer health disparities in Chicago by developing a collaborative research, training, and educational infrastructure between a minority-serving institution and a National Cancer Institute designated comprehensive cancer center. With a critical examination of partnership documentation and outputs, we describe the partnership's community-engaged approaches, challenges, and lessons learned...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Chad K Gentry, Robin P Parker, Christian Ketel, S Trent Rosenbloom, Terri D Crutcher, Aaron W Scott, Jannyse L Starks, Heather A Davidson, Bonita A Pilon
This report describes the role of a clinical pharmacist serving onsite in an interprofessional collaborative practice care model at an urban underserved primary care clinic. It also overviews current health care legislative policy as it relates to expanding pharmacists roles as an integrated team member in medically underserved, vulnerable populations.
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Terrence S Batliner
: American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/AN) experience significant health disparities relative to the general U.S. POPULATION: In particular, oral diseases affect the majority of the AI/AN population and their prevalence is significantly greater than observed in other demographic sectors of the U.S. POPULATION: The reasons for these disparities are multiple but lack of access to dental care is clearly a contributing factor. The dentist-to-population ratio in many AI/AN communities is less than half the U...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
(no author information available yet)
People with mental health problems who are cared for by community crisis teams are far more likely to take their own life than those treated in hospital, research shows.
October 12, 2016: Nursing Standard
(no author information available yet)
Emergency team leader Nikola J Gipp asks what she can do to protect colleagues from a deluge of difficulties when morale is low and fatigue is setting in. She says a simple 'thank you' is a good start.
October 12, 2016: Nursing Standard
(no author information available yet)
An international research team has found that traditional non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and new generation anti-inflammatories COX-2 inhibitors raise the risk of heart failure.
October 12, 2016: Nursing Standard
Dominic Simpson
As a third-year nursing student my final placement was with an anaesthetic team. Two months into the placement, the emergency telephone rang at 4am, with the message 'obstetric airway emergency' - a call that no nurse or midwife wants to receive.
October 12, 2016: Nursing Standard
(no author information available yet)
Let me tell you something you already know: nurses are extraordinary people who do extraordinary things every day. Yet how many times do you hear nurses playing this down, saying they are 'just doing their job', or giving the credit to others in the team?
October 12, 2016: Nursing Standard
Thomas Gilliland, Sylvie Dufour, Gerald I Shulman, Kitt Falk Petersen, Sukru H Emre
NAFLD is a common condition linked to obesity, type 2 diabetes, and metabolic syndrome. Simple hepatic steatosis is a risk factor for inflammatory reactions in the liver (NASH), which may lead to cirrhosis. While the mechanism is unclear, NAFLD and NASH are associated with panhypopituitarism, which in the pediatric population often results from craniopharyngioma or pituitary adenoma and the sequelae of treatment, causing hypothyroidism, adrenal insufficiency, hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, and GH deficiency...
October 20, 2016: Pediatric Transplantation
Moon Seong Baek, Jeongsuk Son, Jin Won Huh, Chae-Man Lim, Younsuck Koh, Hye-Sung Won, Jae-Yoon Shim, Sang-Bum Hong
AIM: Some recent studies have reported that early intervention by a medical emergency team (MET) for clinical deterioration before intensive care unit (ICU) admission was associated with a survival benefit in critically ill cancer patients. We hypothesized that early MET intervention for an obstetric crisis in the general wards would be related to favorable outcomes in critically ill obstetric patients. METHODS: Data of obstetric patients who were managed by a MET were collected retrospectively from 1 March 2008 to 30 April 2015...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
David P Seamans, Boshra F Louka, F David Fortuin, Bhavesh M Patel, John P Sweeney, Louis A Lanza, Patrick A DeValeria, Kim M Ezrre, Harish Ramakrishna
BACKGROUND: The surgical and procedural specialties are continually evolving their methods to include more complex and technically difficult cases. These cases can be longer and incorporate multiple teams in a different model of operating room synergy. Patients are frequently older, with comorbidities adding to the complexity of these cases. Recording of this environment has become more feasible recently with advancement in video and audio capture systems often used in the simulation realm...
October 2016: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
Jan-Willem Alffenaar, Onno W Akkerman, Richard Anthony, Simon Tiberi, Scott Heysell, M P Grobusch, Frank Cobelens, Dick van Soolingen
Success rates for treatment of extensively drug resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) are low due to limited treatment options, delayed diagnosis and inadequate health care infrastructure. Areas covered: This review analyses existing programmes of prevention, diagnosis and treatment of XDR-TB. Improved diagnostic procedures and rapid molecular tests help to select appropriate drugs and dosages. Drugs dosages can be further tailored to the specific conditions of the patient based on quantitative susceptibility testing of the M...
October 20, 2016: Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy
Weichao Chen, Melanie McCollum, Elizabeth Bradley, Donna T Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Medical Education
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