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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222638/meat-intake-and-incidence-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-japanese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-analysis-of-the-japan-diabetes-complications-study-jdcs
#1
Chika Horikawa, Chiemi Kamada, Shiro Tanaka, Sachiko Tanaka, Atsushi Araki, Hideki Ito, Satoshi Matsunaga, Kazuya Fujihara, Yukio Yoshimura, Yasuo Ohashi, Yasuo Akanuma, Hirohito Sone
PURPOSE: Excessive meat intake has been researched as a major cause of cardiovascular disease (CVD) among healthy adults, but data on this topic in Asian patients with diabetes are sparse. The quantity and variety of available meats vary widely between Asian and Western countries. As part of a nationwide cohort study we investigated the relationship between meat intake and incidence of CVD in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes aged 40-70 years with HbA1c ≥ 6.5%. METHODS: Analyzed were 1353 responders to a baseline dietary survey assessed by the Food Frequency Questionnaire based on food groups...
December 8, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221971/preventive-treatment-with-lomerizine-increases-cerebral-blood-flows-during-the-interictal-phase-of-migraine
#2
Ken Ikeda, Joe Aoyagi, Sayori Hanashiro, Masahiro Sawada, Maya Kyuzen, Harumi Morioka, Junya Ebina, Junpei Nagasawa, Masaru Yanagihashi, Yuichi Ishikawa, Ken Miura, Kiyoko Murata, Takanori Takazawa, Kiyokazu Kawabe, Yasuo Iwasaki
BACKGROUND: Changes in regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) were reported in migraineurs. However, little is known how preventive medications of migraine can influence rCBF. Lomerizine, a calcium channel blocker, has been used for migraine prophylaxis in Japan. We examined rCBF after lomerizine treatment. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Migraine was diagnosed according to the criteria of the International Classification of Headache Disorders, Third Edition beta. Migraine subtype was classified into migraine with aura (MA) and migraine without aura (MO)...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221968/clinical-study-of-intravenous-low-dose-recombinant-tissue-plasminogen-activator-for-acute-cerebral-infarction-comparison-of-treatment-within-3%C3%A2-hours-versus-3-4-5%C3%A2-hours
#3
Ichiro Deguchi, Norio Tanahashi, Masaki Takao
BACKGROUND: An intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA, alteplase .6 mg/kg) for acute cerebral infarction within 3 hours of onset was approved in Japan in 2005. The treatment window was subsequently extended to within 4.5 hours of onset. However, few Japanese studies have compared the efficacy and safety of rt-PA therapy between patients treated within 3 hours and patients treated within 3-4.5 hours. METHODS: This study included 323 patients who received rt-PA for acute cerebral infarction within 3 hours or 3-4...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221918/low-variability-in-peak-expiratory-flow-predicts-successful-inhaled-corticosteroid-step-down-in-adults-with-asthma
#4
Naomi Tsurikisawa, Chiyako Oshikata, Toshio Sato, Goro Kimura, Masami Mizuki, Takahiro Tsuburai, Shunsuke Shoji, Hiroshi Saito, Terufumi Shimoda
BACKGROUND: The prognosis for patients beyond 1 year after reduction of their inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) dose remains unknown. Predictive factors that can be evaluated before the initiation of asthma treatment or at ICS dose reduction are unknown. METHODS: We prospectively studied 223 patients in 6 hospitals in the National Hospital Organization of Japan during the 36 months after 50% reduction of their daily ICS dose. All patients recorded their morning and evening peak expiratory flows (PEFs) in their diaries...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221890/22nd-international-conference-on-medical-physics-2016-bangkok-thailand-medical-physics-propelling-global-health
#5
EDITORIAL
Virginia Tsapaki, Geoff Ibbott, Anchali Krisanachinda, Kwan-Hoong Ng, Tae-Suk Suh, Slavik Tabakov, John Damilakis
As medical technology evolves and patient needs increase, the need for well-trained and highly professional medical physicists (MPs) becomes even more urgent. The roles and responsibilities of MPs in various departments within the hospital are diverse and demanding. It is obvious that training, continuing education and professional development of MPs have become essential. One of the ways for an MP to advance his or her knowledge is to participate in conferences and congresses. Last year, the 22nd International Conference of Medical Physics (ICMP 2016) took place in Bangkok, Thailand...
December 6, 2017: Physica Medica: PM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221775/short-sleep-and-risk-of-proteinuria-in-3-year-olds-in-japan-a%C3%A2-population-based-cohort-study
#6
Hongyan Chen, Maki Shinzawa, Hironobu Tokumasu, Shiro Tanaka, Koji Kawakami
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether short sleep at 18 months of age is associated with risk of proteinuria at 3 years of age. METHODS: A population-based cohort study using municipal health check-up data from 62,623 children born between March 1, 2004, and April 30, 2011, and followed to 3 years via questionnaire in Kobe City, Japan. Sleep duration was calculated from wake time and bedtime at the 18-month health check-up by standardized parent-reported questionnaires...
December 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221489/characteristics-of-the-use-of-cold-combination-products-among-older-ambulatory-patients-at-the-national-hospital-organization-tochigi-medical-center-in-japan-a-retrospective-single-center-observational-study
#7
Junpei Komagamine
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the frequency and characteristics of prescriptions of cold combination products among older ambulatory patients. A retrospective observational study was conducted using electronic medical records. All patients aged 65 years or older who continued visiting internal medicine physicians for at least 1 year were included. The primary outcome was the prescription of cold combination products by any physicians in National Hospital Organization Tochigi Medical Center during a 1-year follow-up...
December 8, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221457/capillaria-hepatica-calodium-hepaticum-infection-in-a-horse-a-case-report
#8
Akihiro Ochi, Tatsuro Hifumi, Takanori Ueno, Yoshinari Katayama
BACKGROUND: Capillaria hepatica is a zoonotic parasite in humans and animals and has a worldwide distribution. However, infections in mammals apart from rodents, which are natural hosts of the parasite, have rarely been reported. This report describes the first known case of C. hepatica infection in a horse in Japan. CASE PRESENTATION: A 3-year-old filly without clinical signs was presented at a slaughterhouse in Japan. Gross examination revealed white to tan nodules 0...
December 8, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221445/study-protocol-of-hgcsg1404-snow-study-a-phase-i-ii-trial-of-combined-chemotherapy-of-s-1-nab-paclitaxel-and-oxaliplatin-administered-biweekly-to-patients-with-advanced-gastric-cancer
#9
Yasuyuki Kawamoto, Yoshito Komatsu, Satoshi Yuki, Kentaro Sawada, Tetsuhito Muranaka, Kazuaki Harada, Hiroshi Nakatsumi, Hiraku Fukushima, Atsushi Ishiguro, Masayoshi Dazai, Kazuteru Hatanaka, Michio Nakamura, Ichiro Iwanaga, Minoru Uebayashi, Susumu Sogabe, Yoshimitsu Kobayashi, Takuto Miyagishima, Kota Ono, Naoya Sakamoto, Yuh Sakata
BACKGROUND: In Japan, S-1 plus cisplatin (SP) regimen has become a standard therapy for patients with advanced gastric cancer. Moreover, the S-1 plus oxaliplatin regimen is now a standard treatment. Nab-paclitaxel was developed for chemotherapy of gastric cancer in Japanese clinical practice. Nab-paclitaxel, created with albumin-bound paclitaxel particles, has high transferability to tumour tissues and does not cause hypersensitivity reactions because of a different chemical composition compared with docetaxel and paclitaxel...
December 8, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221321/living-related-lung-transplantation
#10
REVIEW
Hiroshi Date
Living-donor lobar lung transplantation (LDLLT) was developed to deal with the severe shortage of brain dead door for patients who would not survive the long waiting period. In standard LDLLT, right and left lower lobes removed from two healthy donors are implanted into a recipient after right and left pneumonectomies using cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). The number of LDLLT has decreased in the USA due to the recent change in allocation system for cadaveric donor lungs. For the past several years, most of the reports on LDLLT have been from Japan, where the average waiting time for a cadaveric lung is exceeding 800 days...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220825/effects-of-nutritional-education-on-weight-change-and-metabolic-abnormalities-among-patients-with-schizophrenia-in-japan-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Norio Sugawara, Toyoaki Sagae, Norio Yasui-Furukori, Manabu Yamazaki, Kazutaka Shimoda, Takao Mori, Takuro Sugai, Hiroshi Matsuda, Yutaro Suzuki, Yuji Ozeki, Kurefu Okamoto, Toshiyuki Someya
OBJECTIVE: Patients with schizophrenia have a higher prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) than the general population. Minimizing weight gain and metabolic abnormalities in a population with an already high prevalence of obesity is of clinical and social importance. This randomized controlled trial investigated the effect of monthly nutritional education on weight change and metabolic abnormalities among patients with schizophrenia in Japan. METHODS: From July 2014 to December 2014, we recruited 265 obese patients who had a DSM-IV diagnosis of schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220502/identification-of-soybean-host-plant-resistance-to-brown-marmorated-stink-bugs-in-maturity-group-iii-plant-introductions
#12
Jonathan M La Mantia, M A Rouf Mian, Margaret G Redinbaugh
Halyomorpha halys (Stål; Hemiptera: Pentatomidae), brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB), is a polyphagous nonnative insect first found in the United States in 1996. As of 2017, BMSB has been detected in 43 states and is a severe agricultural pest in mid-Atlantic states. On soybean, Glycine max (L.) Merr (Fabales: Fabaceae), damage from BMSB infestation ranges from puncture marks with seed discoloration and deformities to seed and pod abortion. Host plant resistance has been used for managing pest populations and mitigating soybean yield losses caused by neotropical stink bugs (Eushistus heros, Nezara viridula, and Piezodorus guildinii) in Brazil and on the U...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220371/the-impact-of-different-anti-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-treatment-regimens-on-reducing-burden-for-caregivers-and-patients-with-wet-age-related-macular-degeneration-in-a-single-center-real-world-japanese-setting
#13
Tsukasa Hanemoto, Yusuke Hikichi, Norimasa Kikuchi, Tadahiko Kozawa
OBJECTIVE: To describe the burden associated with different anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) treatment strategies for wet age-related macular degeneration (wAMD) in a real-word setting in Japan. METHODS: Single-center, cross-sectional survey of caregivers of patients with wAMD performed in a hospital in Mito-City, a rural area in Japan. Caregiver burden was evaluated using the Burden Index of Caregivers (BIC-11), and depressive symptoms were assessed by the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219041/potential-causative-mutation-for-melanism-in-rats-identified-in-the-agouti-signaling-protein-gene-asip-of-the-rattus-rattus-species-complex-on-okinawa-island-japan
#14
Shoichi Sasamori, Andrew S Wiewel, Vicki A Thomson, Motoko Kobayashi, Katsushi Nakata, Hitoshi Suzuki
The occurrence of black fur, or melanism, in many mammalian species is known to be linked to DNA sequence variation in the agouti signaling protein (Asip) gene, which is a major determinant of eumelanin and pheomelanin pigments in coat color. We investigated 38 agouti (i.e., banded wildtype) and four melanistic Rattus rattus species complex (RrC) lineage II specimens from Okinawa Island, Ryukyu Islands, Japan, for genetic variation in three exons and associated flanking regions in the Asip gene. On Okinawa, a predicted loss-of-function mutation caused by a cysteine to serine amino acid change at p...
December 2017: Zoological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219040/taxonomic-relationships-of-hynobius-stejnegeri-and-h-yatsui-with-description-of-the-amber-colored-salamander-from-kyushu-japan-amphibia-caudata
#15
Masafumi Matsui, Kanto Nishikawa, Atsushi Tominaga
Examination of the holotype of Hynobius stejnegeri Dunn, 1923 revealed that the species is identical with H. yatsui Oyama, 1947 , recently resurrected from H. naevius (Temminck and Schlegel, 1838). The name H. yatsui is therefore relegated to a subjective junior synonym of H. stejnegeri. The latter name, however, has been widely applied to an amber-colored or tortoise-shell salamander from Kyushu, southwestern Japan, which now requires a new name. We, thus, describe the ambercolored salamander as a new species Hynobius ikioi...
December 2017: Zoological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219037/burrow-morphology-of-alpheid-shrimps-case-study-of-alpheus-brevicristatus-and-a-review-of-the-genus
#16
Yumi Henmi, Chiho Fujiwara, Sota Kirihara, Yuya Okada, Gyo Itani
The Alpheus brevicristatus De Haan, 1844 is one of the commonest shrimp species inhabiting the tidal flats in Japan. This species is sometimes accompanied by the facultative symbiotic goby, Acentrogobius spp. Here, we investigated the burrow morphology of A. brevicristatus in a tidal flat of Uranouchi Inlet, Kochi Prefecture, Japan. We also reviewed existing literature on alpheid burrow morphology using the resin casting technique, to determine how burrows vary in the presence and absence of gobies. Nine burrows were casted in situ using polyester resin...
December 2017: Zoological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219000/techniques-for-nothingness-debate-over-the-comparability-of-hypnosis-and-zen-in-early-twentieth-century-japan
#17
Yu-Chuan Wu
This paper explores a debate that took place in Japan in the early twentieth century over the comparability of hypnosis and Zen. The debate was among the first exchanges between psychology and Buddhism in Japan, and it cast doubt on previous assumptions that a clear boundary existed between the two fields. In the debate, we find that contemporaries readily incorporated ideas from psychology and Buddhism to reconstruct the experiences and concepts of hypnosis and Buddhist nothingness. The resulting new theories and techniques of nothingness were fruits of a fairly fluid boundary between the two fields...
December 1, 2017: History of Science; An Annual Review of Literature, Research and Teaching
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218770/korean-adults-have-lower-physical-function-despite-longer-exercise-times-compared-with-their-japanese-counterparts-a-japan-korea-comparative-study
#18
Songee Jung, Yoshiro Okubo, Yosuke Osuka, Satoshi Seino, Joonsung Park, Hosung Nho, Kiyoji Tanaka
AIM: We aimed to compare the level of physical function (PF) and habitual exercise between older Japanese and Korean adults. METHODS: A comparative study was carried out on 1069 community-dwelling older Japanese and Korean adults (mean age 73.9 ± 5.2 years). The participants were asked to complete a self-reported questionnaire regarding habitual exercise and covariates. PF age, a composite measure of PF, was derived from the 12 items, using principal component analysis...
December 7, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218732/single-center-implementation-of-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-esd-in-colorectum-low-recurrence-rate-after-intention-to-treat-esd
#19
Andrej Wagner, Daniel Neureiter, Tobias Kiesslich, Gernot W Wolkersdörfer, Thomas Pleininger, Christian Mayr, Christiane Dienhart, Naohisa Yahagi, Tsuneo Oyama, Frieder Berr
OBJECTIVES: Colorectal endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) shows higher R0 resection and lower local recurrence rates than endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) in Japan. In Europe, independent learning of ESD in colorectum is feasible, but yet to be analyzed for curative resection and recurrence rates. METHODS: After experimental training under supervision by Japanese experts (T.O., N.Y.), three endoscopists independently performed 83 ESD procedures intention-to-treat for lesions in the entire colorectum of 67 patients in a prospective registry (Nov...
December 8, 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218315/a-novel-lens-cleaner-to-prevent-water-drop-adhesions-during-colonoscopy-and-esophagogastroduodenoscopy
#20
Naohisa Yoshida, Yuji Naito, Ritsu Yasuda, Takaaki Murakami, Kiyoshi Ogiso, Ryohei Hirose, Yutaka Inada, Osamu Dohi, Tetsuya Okayama, Kazuhiro Kamada, Kazuhiko Uchiyama, Takeshi Ishikawa, Osamu Handa, Hideyuki Konishi, Rafiz Abdul Rani, Yoshito Itoh
Background and study aims:  Water drop adhesions (WDA) impair endoscopic view during gastrointestinal endoscopy. We developed a novel lens cleaner designed using two types of harmLess surfactants and it is reported to be useful for preventing lens cloudiness during colorectal ESD. In the current study, we examined the ability of it for preventing and removing WDA. Patients and methods:  During laboratory experiments, the cleaner (Cleash; Fujifilm Co., Tokyo, Japan and Nagase Medicals Co...
December 2017: Endoscopy International Open
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