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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340431/utility-of-repetitive-nerve-stimulation-test-for-als-diagnosis
#1
Yuki Hatanaka, Mana Higashihara, Takashi Chiba, Yosuke Miyaji, Yasuomi Kawamura, Masahiro Sonoo
OBJECTIVE: Decremental responses in the repetitive nerve stimulation (RNS) test in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients have been reported, although their possible diagnostic role has received little investigation. We investigated their diagnostic role in differentiation between ALS and cervical spondylotic amyotrophy (CSA), an important ALS mimic especially in Japan. METHODS: Patients were prospectively enrolled and the diagnosis was confirmed by follow-up...
March 6, 2017: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340221/nationwide-multicentre-kidney-biopsy-study-of-japanese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#2
Kengo Furuichi, Yukio Yuzawa, Miho Shimizu, Akinori Hara, Tadashi Toyama, Hiroshi Kitamura, Yoshiki Suzuki, Hiroshi Sato, Noriko Uesugi, Yoshifumi Ubara, Satoshi Hisano, Yoshihiko Ueda, Shinichi Nishi, Hitoshi Yokoyama, Tomoya Nishino, Kentaro Kohagura, Daisuke Ogawa, Koki Mise, Yugo Shibagaki, Kenjiro Kimura, Masakazu Haneda, Hirofumi Makino, Seiichi Matsuo, Takashi Wada
Background.: The clinical and pathologic manifestations of nephropathy due to type 2 diabetes are diverse, but large-scale pathologic studies with long-term observations are limited. Methods.: Kidney biopsies and clinical data of 600 patients with type 2 diabetes were collected retrospectively from 13 centres across Japan. Thirteen pathologic findings (nine glomerular lesions, two interstitial lesions and two vascular lesions) were clearly defined and scored. Results...
March 2, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339560/temporal-trends-in-renal-function-and-birthweight-in-japanese-adolescent-males-1998-2015
#3
Takeshi Kanda, Ayano Takeda, Hiroshi Hirose, Takayuki Abe, Hidenori Urai, Mikako Inokuchi, Shu Wakino, Mitsuaki Tokumura, Hiroshi Itoh, Hiroshi Kawabe
Background.: Low birthweight (LBW) is a worldwide public health problem, demonstrating an increasing incidence in developed countries, including Japan. LBW is also a risk factor for later development of chronic kidney disease (CKD). To date, studies have not evaluated the population impacts of increasing LBW rates on renal function. Methods.: Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was evaluated in 3737 Japanese adolescent males (15-16 years old) using annual cross-sectional data over an 18-year period (1998-2015)...
January 17, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338846/patient-exposure-during-plain-radiography-and-mammography-in-japan-in-1974-2014
#4
Yuta Matsunaga, Ai Kawaguchi, Kenichi Kobayashi, Masanao Kobayashi, Yasuki Asada, Kazuyuki Minami, Shoichi Suzuki, Koichi Chida
We investigated changes in the entrance skin dose (ESD) and the mean glandular dose (MGD) during plain radiography or mammography in Japan from 1974 to 2014. Surveys regarding the conditions used for plain radiography and mammography were performed throughout Japan in 1974, 1979, 1989, 1993, 1997, 2001, 2003, 2007, 2011 and 2014. The anatomical regions considered were categorised as follows: skull anteroposterior (AP), lumbar AP, lumbar lateral (LAT), pelvis (AP), ankle, chest posteroanterior (PA), Guthmann (lateral pelviography for pregnant women), infant hip joint and mammography...
March 1, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338803/vertical-and-seasonal-variations-in-temperature-responses-of-leaf-respiration-in-a-chamaecyparis-obtusa-canopy
#5
Masatake G Araki, Koichiro Gyokusen, Takuya Kajimoto
Leaf respiration (R) is a major component of carbon balance in forest ecosystems. Clarifying the variability of leaf R within a canopy is essential for predicting the impact of global warming on forest productivity and the potential future function of the forest ecosystem as a carbon sink. We examined vertical and seasonal variations in short-term temperature responses of leaf R as well as environmental factors (light and mean air temperature) and physiological factors [leaf nitrogen (N), leaf mass per area (LMA), and shoot growth] in the canopy of a 10-year-old stand of hinoki cypress [Chamaecyparis obtusa (Sieb...
February 23, 2017: Tree Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338751/reduced-thickness-of-the-anterior-cingulate-cortex-in-individuals-with-an-at-risk-mental-state-who-later-develop-psychosis
#6
Yoichiro Takayanagi, Sue Kulason, Daiki Sasabayashi, Tsutomu Takahashi, Naoyuki Katagiri, Atsushi Sakuma, Chika Obara, Mihoko Nakamura, Mikio Kido, Atsushi Furuichi, Yumiko Nishikawa, Kyo Noguchi, Kazunori Matsumoto, Masafumi Mizuno, J Tilak Ratnanather, Michio Suzuki
BACKGROUND: Despite the fact that only a part of the individuals with at-risk mental state (ARMS) for psychosis do develop psychosis, biological markers of future transition to psychosis have not been well documented. Structural abnormality of the anterior cingulate gyrus (ACG), which probably exists prior to the onset of psychosis, could be such a risk marker. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study of 3 scanning sites in Japan...
January 30, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338741/tolerating-dissimilar-other-when-primed-with-death-neural-evidence-of-self-control-engaged-by-interdependent-people-in-japan
#7
Kuniaki Yanagisawa, Emiko S Kashima, Hiroki Moriya, Keita Masui, Kaichiro Furutani, Hiroshi Yoshida, Mitsuhiro Ura, Michio Nomura
Mortality salience (MS) has been shown to lead to derogation of others with dissimilar worldviews, yet recent research has shown that Asian-Americans who presumably adopt an interdependent self-construal (SC) tend to reveal greater tolerance after MS induction. In the present study, we demonstrated that Japanese individuals who are high on interdependent SC indeed show greater tolerance toward worldview-threatening other in the MS (vs control) condition, thus replicating the prior research. Extending this research, we also found that interdependent people's tolerance toward worldview-threatening other was mediated by increased activity in the right ventrolateral prefrontal cortex in the MS condition...
February 17, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338374/the-clinical-features-and-prognosis-of-mumps-associated-hearing-loss-a-retrospective-multi-institutional-investigation-in-japan
#8
Shinya Morita, Keishi Fujiwara, Atsushi Fukuda, Satoshi Fukuda, Shin-Ya Nishio, Ryosuke Kitoh, Naohito Hato, Tetsuo Ikezono, Kotaro Ishikawa, Kimitaka Kaga, Atsushi Matsubara, Tatsuo Matsunaga, Takaaki Murata, Yasushi Naito, Kazunori Nishizaki, Kaoru Ogawa, Hajime Sano, Hiroaki Sato, Michihiko Sone, Mikio Suzuki, Haruo Takahashi, Tetsuya Tono, Hiroshi Yamashita, Tatsuya Yamasoba, Shin-Ichi Usami
CONCLUSIONS: The majority of hearing loss due to mumps presents as unilateral profound sensorineural hearing loss, which is refractory to treatment. In rare cases of bilateral total deafness, cochlear implants were beneficial for speech perception. Vaccination against mumps is recommended to prevent mumps-associated hearing loss. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to investigate the clinical characteristics of hearing loss due to mumps and to evaluate hearing outcomes...
March 24, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338351/worldwide-impact-of-warmer-seasons-on-the-on-the-incidence-of-renal-colic-and-kidney-stone-disease-ksd-evidence-from-a-systematic-review-of-literature
#9
Robert Geraghty, Silvia Proietti, Olivier Traxer, Matthew Archer, Bhaskar K Somani
INTRODUCTION: Several studies have examined the link between temperature or monthly-seasonal variations and urolithiasis. The majority of these studies have demonstrated a link between higher ambient monthly temperatures and the incidence of renal colic and kidney stone disease (KSD). However a worldwide trend on this association has not been explored and we perform a systematic review to examine the effect of seasonal variations on renal colic and KSD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review of literature over a 26-year period (1990-2017) was conducted on all studies reporting on the effect of seasonal variations and its link to KSD...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338156/-pay-attention-to-the-selective-lateral-pelvic-lymph-node-dissection-in-mid-low-rectal-cancer
#10
Wenjian Meng, Ziqiang Wang
Lateral pelvic lymph node metastasis is an important metastatic mode and a major cause of locoregional recurrence of mid-low rectal cancer. Recently, there is an East-West discrepancy in regard to the diagnosis, clinical significance, treatment and prognosis of lateral pelvic lymph node metastasis. In the West, lateral nodal involvement may represent systemic disease and preoperative chemoradiotherapy can sterilize clinically suspected lateral nodes. Thus, in many Western countries, the standard therapy for lower rectal cancer is total mesorectal excision with chemoradiotherapy, and pelvic sidewall dissection is rarely performed...
March 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338153/-experience-and-present-situation-of-western-china-gastric-cancer-collaboration
#11
Jiankun Hu, Weihan Zhang, China Western China Gastric Cancer Collaboration
The Western China Gastric Cancer Collaboration (WCGCC) was founded in Chongqing, China in 2011. At the early stage of the collaboration, there were only about 20 centers. While now, there are 36 centers from western area of China, including Sichuan, Chongqing, Yunnan, Shanxi, Guizhou, Gansu, Qinghai, Xinjiang, Ningxia and Tibet. During the past few years, the WCGCC organized routinely gastric cancer standardized treatment tours, training courses of mini-invasive surgical treatment of gastric cancer and the clinical research methodology for members of the collaboration...
March 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337663/outcomes-of-fulvestrant-therapy-among-japanese-women-with-advanced-breast-cancer-a-retrospective-multicenter-cohort-study-jbcrg-c06-safari
#12
H Kawaguchi, N Masuda, T Nakayama, K Aogi, K Anan, Y Ito, S Ohtani, N Sato, S Saji, E Tokunaga, S Nakamura, Y Hasegawa, M Hattori, T Fujisawa, S Morita, M Yamaguchi, T Yamashita, Y Yamamoto, S Ohno, M Toi
PURPOSE: This retrospective study evaluated the effect of clinical background and treatment line on time to treatment failure (TTF) in advanced/metastatic breast cancer (AMBC) patients receiving F500 in Japan (UMIN 000015168). METHODS: Patients who commenced F500 treatment were registered at 16 sites in Japan. Correlations between baseline clinicopathological factors, treatment line, and TTF were investigated by Kaplan-Meier analysis. TTF data were analyzed using univariate analysis and multivariate analysis with a Cox proportional hazards model...
March 23, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337559/dietary-fiber-intake-and-risk-of-breast-cancer-defined-by-estrogen-and-progesterone-receptor-status-the-japan-public-health-center-based-prospective-study
#13
Saki Narita, Manami Inoue, Eiko Saito, Sarah K Abe, Norie Sawada, Junko Ishihara, Motoki Iwasaki, Taiki Yamaji, Taichi Shimazu, Shizuka Sasazuki, Kenji Shibuya, Shoichiro Tsugane
PURPOSE: Epidemiological studies have suggested a protective effect of dietary fiber intake on breast cancer risk while the results have been inconsistent. Our study aimed to investigate the association between dietary fiber intake and breast cancer risk and to explore whether this association is modified by reproductive factors and hormone receptor status of the tumor. METHODS: A total of 44,444 women aged 45 to 74 years from the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Study were included in analyses...
March 23, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336741/differences-between-determinants-of-in-hospital-mortality-and-hospitalisation-costs-for-patients-with-acute-heart-failure-a-nationwide-observational-study-from-japan
#14
Noriko Sasaki, Susumu Kunisawa, Hiroshi Ikai, Yuichi Imanaka
OBJECTIVES: Although current case-mix classifications in prospective payment systems were developed to estimate patient resource usage, whether these classifications reflect clinical outcomes remains unknown. The efficient management of acute heart failure (AHF) with high mortality is becoming more important in many countries as its prevalence and associated costs are rapidly increasing. Here, we investigate the determinants of in-hospital mortality and hospitalisation costs to clarify the impact of severity factors on these outcomes in patients with AHF, and examine the level of agreement between the predicted values of mortality and costs...
March 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336466/global-trends-and-predictions-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-mortality
#15
Paola Bertuccio, Federica Turati, Greta Carioli, Teresa Rodriguez, Carlo La Vecchia, Matteo Malvezzi, Eva Negri
BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has been one of the few cancers showing upward trends over recent decades in most countries, and is the third cause of cancer death worldwide. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We updated global trends in HCC mortality to 2014, and predicted trends in rates in the EU, USA and Japan to 2020, using data from the World Health Organization database. RESULTS: In EU men, mortality rates were stable in the last decade around 3...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336428/emergence-of-norovirus-gii-2-and-its-novel-recombination-during-the-gastroenteritis-outbreak-in-japanese-children-in-mid-2016
#16
Aksara Thongprachum, Shoko Okitsu, Pattara Khamrin, Niwat Maneekarn, Satoshi Hayakawa, Hiroshi Ushijima
In mid-2016, norovirus GII.2 emerged as a major cause of gastroenteritis outbreak in Japan with overall detection rate of 56.3% of norovirus cases. The differences in ORF1 and ORF2 of some norovirus GII were observed. Inter-subtype recombinants GII.Pe/GII.2, GII.P16/GII.2 and GII.P17/GII.2 were detected. Three amino acid substitutions were noted at P2 antigenic site of GII.P16/GII.2 recombinants. Furthermore, this study revealed that the current immunochromatographic kit available in Japan could be used effectively for the detection of recent GII...
March 20, 2017: Infection, Genetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336254/effectiveness-of-training-patients-using-dvd-in-the-accurate-use-of%C3%A2-inhalers-for-the-treatment-of-bronchial-asthma
#17
Koichiro Takita, Rieko Kondo, Takahiko Horiguchi
BACKGROUND: Inhalants are the standard treatment for patients with bronchial asthma. Inaccurate inhaler use leads to inadequate therapeutic effects and unnecessary dosage increases. However, it is a challenge for practitioners to master the various devices available and train patients on the accurate use of inhalers. Thus, establishing a system to instruct patients on how to accurately use inhalers is essential. We prepared a DVD and accompanying user manual explaining the operation of each inhaler device used in Japan...
March 20, 2017: Allergology International: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336017/weather-webcam-system-for-the-safety-of-helicopter-emergency-medical-services-in-miyazaki-japan
#18
Katsuhiro Kanemaru, Robert Katzer, Syu Hanato, Koji Nakamura, Hiroshi Matsuoka, Hidenobu Ochiai
OBJECTIVE: In Japan, the helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) system was initiated in 2001 and introduced to Miyazaki Prefecture in 2012. Mountainous areas occupy 88% of Miyazaki's land area, and HEMS flights can be subject to the effects of weather. Therefore, ensuring safety in changing weather conditions is a necessity for HEMS. METHODS: The weather webcam system (WWS) was established to observe the meteorological conditions in 29 locations. Assessments of the probability of a flight based on conventional data including a weather chart provided by the Japan Meteorological Agency and meteorological reports provided by the Miyazaki Airport were compared with the assessment based on the combination of the information obtained from the WWS and the conventional data...
March 2017: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335668/directions-for-use-of-intracranial-pressure-monitoring-in-treatment-of-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-using-data-from-the-japan-neurotrauma-data-bank
#19
Eiichi Suehiro, Yuichi Fujiyama, Hiroyasu Koizumi, Michiyasu Suzuki
Neuromonitoring can be used to observe intracranial pathological conditions in neurointensive care, but use of intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring is low in Japan. In this study, we retrospectively investigated the effects of ICP monitoring in treatment of severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) using data from the Japan Neurotrauma Data Bank (JNTDB). The study was conducted in 1,091 subjects enrolled in the JNTDB (Project 2009) from July 2009 to June 2011. The subjects were divided into those treated with and without ICP monitoring in intensive care for severe TBI...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335583/is-accessibility-to-dental-care-facilities-in-rural-areas-associated-with-number-of-teeth-in-elderly-residents
#20
Tsuyoshi Hamano, Miwako Takeda, Kazumichi Tominaga, Kristina Sundquist, Toru Nabika
Given that public transportation networks are less developed in rural than in urban areas, a lack of accessibility to dental care facilities could be a barrier to routine dental checkups. Thus, we hypothesized that the distance to the dental care facilities is a risk factor for tooth loss. The aim of this study was to test whether there is an association between the distance to dental care facilities, estimated by geographic information systems, and number of teeth, assessed by an oral examination, among elderly residents of a rural area in Japan...
March 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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