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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719905/childhood-onset-adult-growth-hormone-deficiency-clinical-hormonal-and-radiological-assessment-in-a-single-center-in-china
#1
Hongbo Yang, Huijuan Zhu, Xuemin Yan, Hui Pan
BACKGROUND: Although growth hormone deficiency (GHD) is an important issue in pediatric patients, adult GHD (AGHD) is a neglected field of endocrinology in China. The aim of this study is to characterize the clinical, hormonal, and radiological features in childhood-onset AGHD (CO AGHD) in a single center in China and to compare them with counterparts from Japan. METHODS: The medical records of 78 Chinese patients with CO AGHD were reviewed and compared with data from the HypoCCS database study from Japan (N = 69)...
July 18, 2017: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719897/clinical-manifestations-and-prognostic-factors-of-pneumocystis-jirovecii-pneumonia-without-hiv
#2
Nobuhiro Asai, Shinji Motojima, Yoshihiro Ohkuni, Ryo Matsunuma, Takuya Iwasaki, Kei Nakashima, Keiji Sogawa, Tamao Nakashita, Norihiro Kaneko
INTRODUCTION: Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP) can occur in HIV patients but also in those without HIV (non-HIV PCP) but with other causes of immunodeficiency including malignancy or rheumatic diseases. OBJECTIVE AND METHODS: To evaluate the clinical presentation and prognostic factors of non-HIV PCP, we retrospectively reviewed all patients diagnosed as having PCP without HIV at Kameda Medical Center, Chiba, Japan, from January 2005 until June 2012. For the purpose of examining a prognostic factor for non-HIV PCP with 30-day mortality, we compared the characteristics of patients, clinical symptoms, radiological images, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (PS), and the time from the onset of respiratory symptoms to the start of therapy, in both survival and fatality groups...
July 19, 2017: Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719791/effectiveness-of-psychosocial-and-educational-prenatal-and-postnatal-care-interventions-for-married-immigrant-women-in-korea-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Sun Kyung Kim, Seyeon Park, Sukhee Ahn
The rapid influx of married immigrant women from low-income Asian countries is a concern in South Korea, Japan, and Taiwan. In South Korea, 1 in 10 couples includes a Korean man and a migrant woman, increasing the need for prenatal and postnatal care interventions. Studies published in English or Korean after 2000 were retrieved from 8 databases and reviewed via a systematic review and meta-analysis of the effectiveness of prenatal and postnatal psychosocial and educational interventions in Korea. Of 3583 records, 10 studies (1 randomized controlled trial [RCT] and 9 non-RCTs) involving 408 married immigrant women fulfilled the inclusion criteria...
July 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719460/the-association-between-perceived-stress-and-low-back-pain-among-eldercare-workers-in-japan
#4
Yamato Tsuboi, Yuya Ueda, Fumihiro Naruse, Rei Ono
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the association between perceived stress and low back pain (LBP) among Japanese eldercare workers. METHODS: Self-reported questionnaires were completed regarding perceived stress (Perceived Stress Scale-14), presence of memorable LBP in the preceding month, and other relevant factors (age, sex, body mass index, smoking status, job demands, job control, and social support) among 954 eldercare workers. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis were performed to estimate odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI)...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719295/regional-differences-in-the-prevalence-of-major-opportunistic-infections-among-antiretroviral-na%C3%A3-ve-human-immunodeficiency-virus-patients-in-japan-northern-thailand-northern-vietnam-and-the-philippines
#5
Louie Mar A Gangcuangco, Ikumi Sawada, Naho Tsuchiya, Cuong D Do, Thanh Thuy T Pham, Archawin Rojanawiwat, Marissa Alejandria, Katerina Leyritana, Yoshiyuki Yokomaku, Panita Pathipvanich, Koya Ariyoshi
To identify regional differences in the distribution of opportunistic infections (OIs) among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients in Asia, the medical records of antiretroviral therapy (ART)-naïve patients who attended the following tertiary hospitals from 2003 to 2011 were reviewed: Nagoya Medical Center (NMC, Nagoya, Japan), Lampang Hospital (LPH, Lampang, northern Thailand), Bach Mai Hospital (BMH, Hanoi, northern Vietnam), and Philippine General Hospital (PGH, Manila, Philippines). Logistic regression analyses were performed to identify associations between country of origin and risk of major OIs...
July 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719293/case-report-clinical-features-of-a-case-of-suspected-borrelia-miyamotoi-disease-in-hokkaido-japan
#6
Kimiaki Yamano, Takuya Ito, Kaori Kiyanagi, Hirotaka Yamazaki, Mutsubu Sugawara, Takashige Saito, Norio Ohashi, Aya Zamoto-Niikura, Kozue Sato, Hiroki Kawabata
We herein report a case of suspected Borrelia miyamotoi disease in Hokkaido, Japan. The patient complained of lassitude, arthralgia, and high fever after a tick bite. Furthermore, at the time of consultation, the patient exhibited momentary loss of consciousness and low blood pressure. Laboratory tests revealed elevation of liver enzymes, thrombocytopenia, and increased C-reactive protein. Seroconversion to B. miyamotoi glycerophosphoryl diester phosphodiesterase antigen suggested the patient was infected with a relapsing fever group Borrelia species...
July 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719103/associations-between-neighborhood-food-environments-and-deficient-protein-intake-among-elderly-people-in-a-metropolitan-suburb-a-case-study-in-kisarazu-city-japan
#7
Yuri Hamamatsu, Chiho Goto, Masaru Nishitani, Riko Shimadate, Junko Ueno, Yoko Kusakari, Masahiro Umezaki
OBJECTIVES: Living in a poor food environment and its association with an increased risk of inadequate nutrient intake are increasingly important issues in Japan due to an increase in the elderly population. METHODS: The present study examined the relationships between neighborhood food environment and the protein and fat intakes of elderly Japanese individuals (n = 181) living in the metropolitan Tokyo suburb of Kisarazu. RESULTS: A logistic regression analysis adjusted for sociodemographic and shopping behavior variables revealed associations between subjectively evaluated poor neighborhood food environment and deficient protein intake...
July 18, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719078/luseogliflozin-improves-liver-fat-deposition-compared-to-metformin-in-type-2-diabetes-patients-with-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#8
Takashi Shibuya, Nobutoshi Fushimi, Miyuka Kawai, Yohei Yoshida, Hiroki Hachiya, Shun Ito, Hiromi Kawai, Noritsugu Ohashi, Akihiro Mori
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) often coexists with type 2 diabetes (T2D), and its prevalence in patients with T2D is estimated to be approximately 50%-60% in Japan.(1) In some patients with T2D, NAFLD can progress to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and further to liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).(2) Moreover, NAFLD is considered an independent risk factor for cardiovascular events.(3).
July 18, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719068/correlation-between-the-proportion-of-stained-eggs-and-the-number-of-mites-dermanyssus-gallinae-monitored-using-a-non-parallel-board-trap
#9
Makiko Odaka, Kazumasa Ogino, Michitaka Shikada, Kenichi Asada, Syoujirou Kasa, Takahiro Inoue, Ken Maeda
The poultry red mite (Dermanyssus gallinae) is a serious problem for the poultry industry worldwide. However, the relationship between the mite population and the damage that they cause is still unclear. In this study, the mite population in poultry houses was examined using an established trap method, and the risk of blood-stained eggs caused by the mites was assessed. Traps were placed once a week outside the egg channels and/or on the floor in two poultry farms in Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan, from April 2012 to July 2014...
July 18, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718399/certified-reference-material-for-use-in-1-h-31-p-and-19-f-quantitative-nmr-ensuring-traceability-to-the-international-system-of-units
#10
Romana Rigger, Alexander Rück, Christine Hellriegel, Robert Sauermoser, Fabienne Morf, Kathrin Breitruck, Markus Obkircher
In recent years, quantitative NMR (qNMR) spectroscopy has become one of the most important tools for content determination of organic substances and quantitative evaluation of impurities. Using Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) as internal or external standards, the extensively used qNMR method can be applied for purity determination, including unbroken traceability to the International System of Units (SI). The implementation of qNMR toward new application fields, e.g., metabolomics, environmental analysis, and physiological pathway studies, brings along more complex molecules and systems, thus making use of (1)H qNMR challenging...
July 18, 2017: Journal of AOAC International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718194/prevalence-of-imaginary-companions-in-japanese-children
#11
Yusuke Moriguchi, Naoya Todo
Having an imaginary companion (IC) is an example of children's pretend play. However, most research regarding children's ICs is from Western cultures. In this study, the prevalence of ICs was assessed among Japanese children (2- to 9-year-old children, N = 800). The developmental (age), biological (sex), and environmental (birth order) effects on Japanese children's ICs were also assessed. Moreover, whether IC status can be an indicator of fantasy orientation in Japanese children was examined. The results revealed that the prevalence of the invisible friend was relatively rare, but the personified object was prevalent in Japanese children...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717867/totally-laparoscopic-living-donor-left-hepatectomy-for-liver-transplantation-in-a-child
#12
Helayel Almodhaiberi, Seok-Hwan Kim, Ki-Hun Kim
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive surgery has been validated to be a new standard in living donor hepatectomy for adult-to-pediatric transplantation with less morbidity [1]. Laparoscopic donor hepatectomy can reduce the major concerns about pain and morbidity associated with open surgery and a slow return to daily activities of donors [2]. Herein, we present one case of totally laparoscopic living donor left hepatectomy including the middle hepatic vein (MHV). DONOR AND METHOD: A 37-year-old mother volunteered to donate to her 3-year-old son with biliary atresia (PELD score 7)...
July 17, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717855/esophageal-stenosis-and-the-glasgow-prognostic-score-as-independent-factors-of-poor-prognosis-for-patients-with-locally-advanced-unresectable-esophageal-cancer-treated-with-chemoradiotherapy-exploratory-analysis-of-jcog0303
#13
Tatsuya Okuno, Masashi Wakabayashi, Ken Kato, Masayuki Shinoda, Hiroshi Katayama, Hiroyasu Igaki, Yasuhiro Tsubosa, Takashi Kojima, Hiroshi Okabe, Yusuke Kimura, Tatsuyuki Kawano, Shinichi Kosugi, Yasushi Toh, Hoichi Kato, Kenichi Nakamura, Haruhiko Fukuda, Satoshi Ishikura, Nobutoshi Ando, Yuko Kitagawa
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the possible prognostic factors and predictive accuracy of the Glasgow Prognostic Score (GPS) for patients with unresectable locally advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (LAESCC) treated with chemoradiotherapy. METHODS: One hundred forty-two patients were enrolled in JCOG0303 and assigned to the standard cisplatin and 5-fluorouracil (PF)-radiotherapy (RT) group or the low-dose PF-RT group. One hundred thirty-one patients with sufficient data were included in this analysis...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717805/relationship-between-diet-related-indicators-and-overweight-and-obesity-in-older-adults-in-rural-japan
#14
M Ishikawa, S Moriya, T Yokoyama
OBJECTIVES: To identify the relationship between diet-related indicators and overweight and obesity in older adults in rural Japan. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Obira, Hokkaido, Japan. PARTICIPANTS: Local residents aged between 65 and 74 years, except for those with poor health, were included. INTERVENTION: A health- and diet-related questionnaire was applied to participants house-to-house by trained health professionals...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717138/airborne-bacterial-communities-in-three-east-asian-cities-of-china-south-korea-and-japan
#15
Jae Young Lee, Eun Ha Park, Sunghee Lee, GwangPyo Ko, Yasushi Honda, Masahiro Hashizume, Furong Deng, Seung-Muk Yi, Ho Kim
The global diversity of airborne bacteria has not yet been studied, despite its importance in human health and climate change. Here, we focused on the diversity of airborne bacteria and their correlations with meteorological/environmental conditions in China, South Korea, and Japan. Beijing (China) had more diverse airborne bacteria, followed by Seoul (South Korea) and Nagasaki (Japan), and seasonal variations were observed. Beijing and Seoul had more diverse airborne bacteria during the winter, whereas Nagasaki showed greater diversity during the summer...
July 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717110/mercury-and-selenium-levels-and-their-molar-ratios-in-several-species-of-commercial-shrimp-in-japan-regarding-the-health-risk-of-methylmercury-exposure
#16
Van Anh Thi Hoang, Mineshi Sakamoto, Megumi Yamamoto
The Japanese shrimp industry depends on importing shrimp from other countries. However, little information is available on mercury speciation and selenium (Se) concentrations in commercial shrimp available in Japan. The present study determined the concentrations of total mercury (T-Hg), methylmercury (MeHg), and Se in the muscles (wet weight) of imported and domestic commercial shrimp from Kumamoto and Kagoshima prefectures to obtain information for assessing the risk of MeHg exposure. The median concentrations of T-Hg, MeHg and Se in shrimp imported from three different countries were, respectively: black tiger shrimp (n = 18), 15...
2017: Journal of Toxicological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717108/isoflurane-is-a-suitable-alternative-to-ether-for-anesthetizing-rats-prior-to-euthanasia-for-gene-expression-analysis
#17
Noriyuki Nakatsu, Yoshinobu Igarashi, Taiki Aoshi, Isao Hamaguchi, Masumichi Saito, Takuo Mizukami, Haruka Momose, Ken J Ishii, Hiroshi Yamada
Diethyl ether (ether) had been widely used in Japan for anesthesia, despite its explosive properties and toxicity to both humans and animals. We also had used ether as an anesthetic for euthanizing rats for research in the Toxicogenomics Project (TGP). Because the use of ether for these purposes will likely cease, it is required to select an alternative anesthetic which is validated for consistency with existing TGP data acquired under ether anesthesia. We therefore compared two alternative anesthetic candidates, isoflurane and pentobarbital, with ether in terms of hematological findings, serum biochemical parameters, and gene expressions...
2017: Journal of Toxicological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717106/a-carcinogenicity-study-of-diphenylarsinic-acid-in-f344-rats-in-drinking-water-for-104-weeks
#18
Takashi Yamaguchi, Min Gi, Masaki Fujioka, Kenichiro Doi, Takahiro Okuno, Anna Kakehashi, Hideki Wanibuchi
Diphenylarsinic acid (DPAA), a neurotoxic organic arsenical used as a chemical warfare agent, is present in the groundwater and soil in some regions of Japan due to illegal dumping after World War II. We previously demonstrated that DPAA promotes diethylnitrosamine-induced liver carcinogenesis in a medium-term rat liver bioassay. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the potential carcinogenicity of DPAA, including investigation of whether the bile duct hyperplasia in the liver that was observed in a previous 52 week rat chronic study develops into a tumor, when administered to rats in their drinking water for 104 weeks...
2017: Journal of Toxicological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717094/limbic-encephalitis-associated-with-human-herpesvirus-7-hhv-7-in-an-immunocompetent-adult-the-first-reported-case-in-japan
#19
Yoko Aburakawa, Takayuki Katayama, Tsukasa Saito, Jun Sawada, Tatsuo Suzutani, Hitoshi Aizawa, Naoyuki Hasebe
A 35-year-old male who had not previously suffered any major illnesses was admitted to our hospital because of general fatigue, fever, headache, vomiting, consciousness disturbance, and seizures. A neurological examination showed that he was in a semi-comatose state and exhibited neck stiffness. Brain magnetic resonance imaging detected high-intensity areas in the bilateral hippocampi and periventricular white matter. A cerebrospinal fluid examination revealed mononuclear pleocytosis, an elevated protein level, and positivity for human herpesvirus-7 (HHV-7) DNA...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717075/clinical-characteristics-of-bacteremia-caused-by-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-producing-escherichia-coli-at-a-tertiary-hospital
#20
Hiroki Namikawa, Koichi Yamada, Hiroki Fujimoto, Ken-Ichi Oinuma, Yoshihiro Tochino, Yasuhiko Takemoto, Yukihiro Kaneko, Taichi Shuto, Hiroshi Kakeya
Objective In recent years, infection caused by extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing organisms has become an important issue. However, comparative studies of the bacteremia caused by ESBL Enterobacteriaceae and non-ESBL Enterobacteriaceae are extremely rare in Japan. This study aimed to assess the risk factors and prognosis of patients with bacteremia due to ESBL Escherichia coli (E. coli). Methods The medical records of 31 patients with ESBL E. coli bacteremia and 98 patients with non-ESBL E. coli bacteremia who had been admitted to Osaka City University Hospital between January 2011 and June 2015 were retrospectively reviewed...
2017: Internal Medicine
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