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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219131/status-of-early-childhood-education-under-integrated-child-development-services-scheme-in-bankura-municipality-west-bengal
#1
Sumana Samanta, Subhra Samujjwal Basu, Dibakar Haldar, Aditya Prasad Sarkar, Asit Baran Saren, Gautam Narayan Sarkar
BACKGROUND: Early childhood education (ECE) is an important service provided by Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS). It is largely responsible for developing school readiness in children. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to assess ECE component of ICDS services through measurement of school readiness and find out other correlates. METHODS: A cross-sectional evaluation study was carried out among Anganwadi centers (AWCs) under Bankura Municipality, West Bengal, India from July to November 2015...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217468/availability-of-hepatitis-c-diagnostics-and-therapeutics-in-european-and-eurasia-countries
#2
Hakan Leblebicioglu, Joop E Arends, Resat Ozaras, Giampaolo Corti, Lurdes Santos, Christoph Boesecke, Andrew Ustianowski, Ann-Sofi Duberg, Simona Ruta, Nermin N Salkic, Petr Husa, Ivana Lazarevic, Juan A Pineda, Natalia Yurievna Pshenichnaya, Tengiz Tsertswadze, Mojca Matičič, Edmond Puca, Gulzhan Abuova, Judit Gervain, Ramin Bayramli, Salih Ahmeti, Mairi Koulentaki, Badreddine Kilani, Adriana Vince, Francesco Negro, Mustafa Sunbul, Dominique Salmon
BACKGROUND: Treatment with direct acting antiviral agents (DAAs) has provided sustained virological response rates in >95% of patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. However treatment is costly and market access, reimbursement and governmental restrictions differ among countries. We aimed to analyze these differences among European and Eurasian countries. METHODS: A survey including 20-item questionnaire was sent to experts in viral hepatitis...
December 4, 2017: Antiviral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216192/tracking-the-career-development-of-scientists-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-trained-through-tdr-s-research-capacity-strengthening-programmes-learning-from-monitoring-and-impact-evaluation
#3
Béatrice Halpaap, Mahnaz Vahedi, Edith Certain, Tini Alvarado, Caroline Saint Martin, Corinne Merle, Michael Mihut, Pascal Launois
The Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR) co-sponsored by UNICEF, UNDP, World Bank and WHO has been supporting research capacity strengthening in low- and middle-income countries for over 40 years. In order to assess and continuously optimize its capacity strengthening approaches, an evaluation of the influence of TDR training grants on research career development was undertaken. The assessment was part of a larger evaluation conducted by the European Science Foundation. A comprehensive survey questionnaire was developed and sent to a group of 117 trainees supported by TDR who had completed their degree (masters or PhD) between 2000 and 2012; of these, seventy seven (77) responded...
December 7, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213159/nexus-between-demographic-change-and-elderly-care-need-in-the-gulf-cooperation-council-gcc-countries-some-policy-implications
#4
Hafiz T A Khan, Shereen Hussein, John Deane
Population ageing is a phenomenon affecting the whole world. The countries that make up the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) are no exception but transitions in population ageing are still in the early stages of the process. With current demographic dividends experienced by the GCC and the rest of the Middle-East, the pace of population ageing will be faster than that experienced by many European countries. The purpose of this paper is to explore the population ageing experience of different GCC countries while situating this within a context of social policies that still at the very early stages of acknowledging such change...
2017: Ageing International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209353/colombia-a-source-of-cacao-genetic-diversity-as-revealed-by-the-population-structure-analysis-of-germplasm-bank-of-theobroma-cacao-l
#5
Jaime A Osorio-Guarín, Jhon Berdugo-Cely, Roberto Antonio Coronado, Yeny Patricia Zapata, Constanza Quintero, Gerardo Gallego-Sánchez, Roxana Yockteng
Beans of the species Theobroma cacao L., also known as cacao, are the raw material to produce chocolate. Colombian cacao has been classified as a fine flavor cacao that represents the 5% of cacao world's production. Colombian genetic resources from this species are conserved in ex situ and in-field germplasm banks, since T. cacao has recalcitrant seeds to desication and long-term storage. Currently, the collection of T. cacao of the Colombian Corporation of Agricultural Research (CORPOICA) has approximately 700 germplasm accessions...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208889/why-abortion-is-illegal-comparison-of-legal-and-illegal-abortion-a-critical-review
#6
M E Huq, M J Raihan, H Shirin, S Chowdhury, Y Jahan, A S Chowdhury, M M Rahman
Abortion is the termination of pregnancy that occurs spontaneously or purposely. In the most developed world, abortion is legally allowed for women seeking safe termination of pregnancies. Particularly, when access to legal abortion is restricted, abortion is the resort to unsafe methods. The aim of this review is to necessitate safe abortion and to accentuate the consequences of illegal abortion in case of legal prohibition. We used Pubmed, MedLine and Scopus databases to review previous literatures of safe, unsafe, legal and illegal abortions...
October 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204142/quantitative-detection-of-active-vibrios-associated-with-white-plague-disease-in-mussismilia-braziliensis-corals
#7
Luciane A Chimetto Tonon, Janelle R Thompson, Ana P B Moreira, Gizele D Garcia, Kevin Penn, Rachelle Lim, Roberto G S Berlinck, Cristiane C Thompson, Fabiano L Thompson
Over recent decades several coral diseases have been reported as a significant threat to coral reef ecosystems causing the decline of corals cover and diversity around the world. The development of techniques that improve the ability to detect and quantify microbial agents involved in coral disease will aid in the elucidation of disease cause, facilitating coral disease detection and diagnosis, identification and pathogen monitoring, pathogen sources, vectors, and reservoirs. The genus Vibrio is known to harbor pathogenic strains to marine organisms...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202093/health-status-and-health-systems-financing-in-the-mena-region-roadmap-to-universal-health-coverage
#8
Eyob Zere Asbu, Maysoun Dimachkie Masri, Amer Kaissi
Background: Since the declaration of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in 1990, many countries of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region made some improvements in maternal and child health and in tackling communicable diseases. The transition to the global agenda of Sustainable Development Goals brings new opportunities for countries to move forward toward achieving progress for better health, well-being, and universal health coverage. This study provides a profile of health status and health financing approaches in the MENA region and their implications on universal health coverage...
2017: Global Health Research and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202087/factors-influencing-the-tobacco-control-policy-process-in-egypt-and-iran-a-scoping-review
#9
REVIEW
C Banks, S Rawaf, S Hassounah
Introduction: Tobacco control policy is essential for addressing the growing tobacco consumption seen in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, the single greatest preventable contributor to the non-communicable disease epidemic. Egypt and Iran have had varied success in using policy to combat this issue. The study aims to identify and compare the factors which have influenced different stages of the policy process - evidence generation, development and implementation. Methods: A scoping review was conducted with a systematic search of 7 databases which was conducted along with searches of Google Scholar, and the World Health Organisation and Eastern Mediterranean Regional Office websites to identify influencing factors at each stage of the policy process...
2017: Global Health Research and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201249/socially-inclusive-development-the-foundations-for-decent-societies-in-east-and-southern-africa
#10
Pamela Abbott, Claire Wallace, Roger Sapsford
This article is concerned with how social processes and social provision are conceptualised and measured in societies in order to offer guidance on how to improve developmental progress. Significant advances have been made in developing multidimensional measures of development, but they provide little guidance to governments on how to build sustainable societies. We argue for the need to develop a theoretically informed social and policy framework that permits the foundations for building decent societies to be put in place by governments...
2017: Applied Research in Quality of Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200432/culturally-appropriate-organization-of-water-and-sewerage-projects-built-through-public-private-partnerships
#11
Jessica A Kaminsky
This paper contributes to the pursuit of socially sustainable water and sanitation infrastructure for all people by discovering statistically robust relationships between Hofstede's dimensions of cross-cultural comparison and the choice of contract award types, project type, and primary revenue sources. This analysis, which represents 973 projects distributed across 24 low- and middle-income nations, uses a World Bank dataset describing high capital cost water and sewerage projects funded through private investment...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190377/european-society-of-cardiology-cardiovascular-disease-statistics-2017
#12
Adam Timmis, Nick Townsend, Chris Gale, Rick Grobbee, Nikos Maniadakis, Marcus Flather, Elizabeth Wilkins, Lucy Wright, Rimke Vos, Jeroen Bax, Maxim Blum, Fausto Pinto, Panos Vardas
Aims: The European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Atlas has been compiled by the European Heart Agency to document cardiovascular disease (CVD) statistics of the 56 ESC member countries. A major aim of this 2017 data presentation has been to compare high-income and middle-income ESC member countries to identify inequalities in disease burden, outcomes, and service provision. Methods and results: The Atlas utilizes a variety of data sources, including the World Health Organization, the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, and the World Bank to document risk factors, prevalence, and mortality of cardiovascular disease and national economic indicators...
November 27, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186950/descriptor-data-bank-ddb-a-cloud-platform-for-multi-perspective-modeling-of-protein-ligand-interactions
#13
Hossam Ashtawy, Nihar Ranjan Mahapatra
Protein-ligand (PL) interactions play a key role in many life processes such as molecular recognition, molecular binding, signal transmission, and cell metabolism. Examples of interaction forces include hydrogen bonding, hydrophobic effects, steric clashes, electrostatic contacts, and van der Waals attractions. Currently, a large number of hypotheses and perspectives to model these interaction forces are scattered throughout the literature and largely forgotten. Instead, had they been assembled and utilized collectively, they would have substantially improved the accuracy of predicting binding affinity of protein-ligand complexes...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184365/public-health-concerns-of-highly-pathogenic-avian-influenza-h5n1-endemicity-in-africa
#14
REVIEW
Olubunmi Gabriel Fasanmi, Ismail Ayoade Odetokun, Fatima Adeola Balogun, Folorunso Oludayo Fasina
Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (HPAIV) H5N1 was first officially reported in Africa in 2006; thereafter this virus has spread rapidly from Nigeria to 11 other African countries. This study was aimed at utilizing data from confirmed laboratory reports to carry out a qualitative evaluation of the factors responsible for HPAI H5N1 persistence in Africa and the public health implications; and to suggest appropriate control measures. Relevant publications were sought from data banks and repositories of FAO, OIE, WHO, and Google scholars...
October 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181451/impact-of-trichiasis-surgery-on-daily-living-a-longitudinal-study-in-ethiopia
#15
Esmael Habtamu, Tariku Wondie, Sintayehu Aweke, Zerihun Tadesse, Mulat Zerihun, Berhanu Melak, Bizuayehu Gashaw, Kelly Callahan, Paul M Emerson, Robin L Bailey, David C W Mabey, Saul N Rajak, Hannah Kuper, Sarah Polack, David Macleod, Helen A Weiss, Matthew J Burton
Background: Trachomatous trichiasis (TT) may lead to disability, impeding productive activities, resulting in loss of income. This study was conducted to determine if trichiasis surgery improves participation in productive and leisure activities, and ability to perform activities without difficulty or assistance. Methods: We recruited 1000 adults with trichiasis (cases) and 200 comparison participants, matched to every fifth trichiasis case on age (+/- two years), sex and location. The 'Stylised Activity List' tool, developed for the World Bank Living Standard Measurement Survey, was adapted to collect data on activity in the last week (participation in activity, difficulty with activity, requirement of assistance for activity), at baseline and 12 months later...
2017: Wellcome Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179954/universal-health-coverage-and-intersectoral-action-for-health-key-messages-from-disease-control-priorities-3rd-edition
#16
REVIEW
Dean T Jamison, Ala Alwan, Charles N Mock, Rachel Nugent, David Watkins, Olusoji Adeyi, Shuchi Anand, Rifat Atun, Stefano Bertozzi, Zulfiqar Bhutta, Agnes Binagwaho, Robert Black, Mark Blecher, Barry R Bloom, Elizabeth Brouwer, Donald A P Bundy, Dan Chisholm, Alarcos Cieza, Mark Cullen, Kristen Danforth, Nilanthi de Silva, Haile T Debas, Peter Donkor, Tarun Dua, Kenneth A Fleming, Mark Gallivan, Patricia J Garcia, Atul Gawande, Thomas Gaziano, Hellen Gelband, Roger Glass, Amanda Glassman, Glenda Gray, Demissie Habte, King K Holmes, Susan Horton, Guy Hutton, Prabhat Jha, Felicia M Knaul, Olive Kobusingye, Eric L Krakauer, Margaret E Kruk, Peter Lachmann, Ramanan Laxminarayan, Carol Levin, Lai Meng Looi, Nita Madhav, Adel Mahmoud, Jean Claude Mbanya, Anthony Measham, María Elena Medina-Mora, Carol Medlin, Anne Mills, Jody-Anne Mills, Jaime Montoya, Ole Norheim, Zachary Olson, Folashade Omokhodion, Ben Oppenheim, Toby Ord, Vikram Patel, George C Patton, John Peabody, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Jinyuan Qi, Teri Reynolds, Sevket Ruacan, Rengaswamy Sankaranarayanan, Jaime Sepúlveda, Richard Skolnik, Kirk R Smith, Marleen Temmerman, Stephen Tollman, Stéphane Verguet, Damian G Walker, Neff Walker, Yangfeng Wu, Kun Zhao
The World Bank is publishing nine volumes of Disease Control Priorities, 3rd edition (DCP3) between 2015 and 2018. Volume 9, Improving Health and Reducing Poverty, summarises the main messages from all the volumes and contains cross-cutting analyses. This Review draws on all nine volumes to convey conclusions. The analysis in DCP3 is built around 21 essential packages that were developed in the nine volumes. Each essential package addresses the concerns of a major professional community (eg, child health or surgery) and contains a mix of intersectoral policies and health-sector interventions...
November 24, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177101/from-blockchain-technology-to-global-health-equity-can-cryptocurrencies-finance-universal-health-coverage
#17
REVIEW
Brian M Till, Alexander W Peters, Salim Afshar, John Meara
Blockchain technology and cryptocurrencies could remake global health financing and usher in an era global health equity and universal health coverage. We outline and provide examples for at least four important ways in which this potential disruption of traditional global health funding mechanisms could occur: universal access to financing through direct transactions without third parties; novel new multilateral financing mechanisms; increased security and reduced fraud and corruption; and the opportunity for open markets for healthcare data that drive discovery and innovation...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175700/social-capital-income-inequality-and-the-social-gradient-in-self-rated-health-in-latin-america-a-fixed-effects-analysis
#18
Natalia Vincens, Maria Emmelin, Martin Stafström
Latin America is the most unequal region in the world. The current sustainable development agenda increased attention to health inequity and its determinants in the region. Our aim is to investigate the social gradient in health in Latin America and assess the effects of social capital and income inequality on it. We used cross-sectional data from the World Values Survey and the World Bank. Our sample included 10,426 respondents in eight Latin American countries. Self-rated health was used as the outcome. Education level was the socioeconomic position indicator...
November 20, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163612/variability-in-susceptibility-to-anthracnose-in-the-world-collection-of-olive-cultivars-of-cordoba-spain
#19
Juan Moral, Carlos J Xaviér, José R Viruega, Luis F Roca, Juan Caballero, Antonio Trapero
Anthracnose of olive (Olea europaea ssp. europaea L.), caused by Colletotrichum species, is a serious disease causing fruit rot and branch dieback, whose epidemics are highly dependent on cultivar susceptibility and environmental conditions. Over a period of 10 years, there have been three severe epidemics in Andalusia (southern Spain) that allowed us to complete the assessment of the World Olive Germplasm Bank of Córdoba, one of the most important cultivar collections worldwide.A total of 308 cultivars from 21 countries were evaluated, mainly Spain (174 cvs...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161835/three-level-global-resource-allocation-model-for-hiv-control-a-hierarchical-decision-system-approach
#20
Semu Mitiku Kassa
Funds from various global organizations, such as, The Global Fund, The World Bank, etc. are not directly distributed to the targeted risk groups. Especially in the so-called third-world-countries, the major part of the fund in HIV prevention programs comes from these global funding organizations. The allocations of these funds usually pass through several levels of decision making bodies that have their own specific parameters to control and specific objectives to achieve. However, these decisions are made mostly in a heuristic manner and this may lead to a non-optimal allocation of the scarce resources...
February 1, 2018: Mathematical Biosciences and Engineering: MBE
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