keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

World Bank

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891326/determining-angle-of-humeral-torsion-using-image-software-technique
#1
Sachin Patil, Madhu Sethi, Neelam Vasudeva
INTRODUCTION: Several researches have been done on the measurement of angles of humeral torsion in different parts of the world. Previously described methods were more complicated, not much accurate, cumbersome or required sophisticated instruments. AIM: The present study was conducted with the aim to determine the angles of humeral torsion with a newer simple technique using digital images and image tool software. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 250 dry normal adult human humeri were obtained from the bone bank of Department of Anatomy...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885168/educational-and-wealth-inequalities-in-tobacco-use-among-men-and-women-in-54-low-income-and-middle-income-countries
#2
Chandrashekhar T Sreeramareddy, Sam Harper, Linda Ernstsen
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic differentials of tobacco smoking in high-income countries are well described. However, studies to support health policies and place monitoring systems to tackle socioeconomic inequalities in smoking and smokeless tobacco use common in low-and-middle-income countries (LMICs) are seldom reported. We aimed to describe, sex-wise, educational and wealth-related inequalities in tobacco use in LMICs. METHODS: We analysed Demographic and Health Survey data on tobacco use collected from large nationally representative samples of men and women in 54 LMICs...
November 24, 2016: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875115/target-malaria-has-a-killer-in-its-sights-eliminating-the-world-s-deadliest-disease-has-been-a-priority-for-decades-and-thanks-to-innovative-gene-drive-technology-target-malaria-is-getting-closer-to-achieving-that-goal
#3
Jim Banks
The mosquito is the deadliest animal in the world (Figure 1). It is the main carrier of parasites that cause malaria, which is a bigger killer than any other disease in history; in fact, some blame malaria for the deaths of half the humans who have ever lived. Today, malaria continues to have a devastating effect on the health of millions of people.
November 2016: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871433/regional-variation-in-acute-stroke-care-organisation
#4
Paula Muñoz Venturelli, Thompson Robinson, Pablo M Lavados, Verónica V Olavarría, Hisatomi Arima, Laurent Billot, Maree L Hackett, Joyce Y Lim, Sandy Middleton, Octavio Pontes-Neto, Bin Peng, Liying Cui, Lily Song, Gillian Mead, Caroline Watkins, Ruey-Tay Lin, Tsong-Hai Lee, Jeyaraj Pandian, H Asita de Silva, Craig S Anderson
BACKGROUND: Few studies have assessed regional variation in the organisation of stroke services, particularly health care resourcing, presence of protocols and discharge planning. Our aim was to compare stroke care organisation within middle- (MIC) and high-income country (HIC) hospitals participating in the Head Position in Stroke Trial (HeadPoST). METHODS: HeadPoST is an on-going international multicenter crossover cluster-randomized trial of 'sitting-up' versus 'lying-flat' head positioning in acute stroke...
December 15, 2016: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863929/global-trends-in-adolescent-fertility-1990-2012-in-relation-to-national-wealth-income-inequalities-and-educational-expenditures
#5
John S Santelli, Xiaoyu Song, Samantha Garbers, Vinit Sharma, Russell M Viner
PURPOSE: National wealth, income inequalities, and expenditures on education can profoundly influence the health of a nation's women, children, and adolescents. We explored the association of trends in national socioeconomic status (SES) indicators with trends in adolescent birth rates (ABRs), by nation and region. METHODS: An ecologic research design was employed using national-level data from the World Bank on birth rates per 1,000 women aged 15-19 years, national wealth (per capita gross domestic product or GDP), income inequality (Gini index), and expenditures on education as a percentage of GDP (EduExp)...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855194/ecological-study-of-hiv-infection-and-hypertension-in-sub-saharan-africa-is-there-a-double-burden-of-disease
#6
C Angkurawaranon, D Nitsch, N Larke, A M Rehman, L Smeeth, J Addo
METHODS: Data on prevalence of hypertension were derived from a systematic search of literature published between 1975 and 2014 with corresponding national estimates on HIV prevalence and antiretroviral therapy (ART) coverage from the Demographic and Health Surveys and the joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS databases. National estimates on gross national income (GNI) and under-five mortality were obtained from the World Bank database. Linear regression analyses using robust standard errors (allowing for clustering at country level) were carried out for associations of age-standardised hypertension prevalence ratios (standardized to rural Uganda's hypertension prevalence data) with HIV prevalence, adjusted for national indicators, year of study and sex of the study population...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843163/essential-medicines-for-cancer-who-recommendations-and-national-priorities
#7
Jane Robertson, Ronald Barr, Lawrence N Shulman, Gilles B Forte, Nicola Magrini
OBJECTIVE: To examine, for essential anti-cancer medicines, the alignment of national lists of essential medicines and national reimbursable medicines lists with the World Health Organization's (WHO's) Model Lists. METHODS: National medicine lists for 135 countries with per-capita gross national incomes below 25 000 United States dollars in 2015 were compared with WHO's 2013 and 2015 Model Lists of Essential Medicines. Correlations between numbers of anti-cancer medicines included in national lists and gross national income (GNI), government health expenditure and number of physicians per 1000 population were evaluated...
October 1, 2016: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837552/fundamental-principles-of-stem-cell-banking
#8
Changbin Sun, Jianhui Yue, Na He, Yaqiong Liu, Xi Zhang, Yong Zhang
Stem cells are highly promising resources for application in cell therapy, regenerative medicine, drug discovery, toxicology and developmental biology research. Stem cell banks have been increasingly established all over the world in order to preserve their cellular characteristics, prevent contamination and deterioration, and facilitate their effective use in basic and translational research, as well as current and future clinical application. Standardization and quality control during banking procedures are essential to allow researchers from different labs to compare their results and to develop safe and effective new therapies...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831549/establishing-an-integrated-human-milk-banking-approach-to-strengthen-newborn-care
#9
A DeMarchis, K Israel-Ballard, Kimberly Amundson Mansen, C Engmann
The provision of donor human milk can significantly reduce morbidity and mortality among vulnerable infants and is recommended by the World Health Organization as the next best option when a mother's own milk is unavailable. Regulated human milk banks can meet this need, however, scale-up has been hindered by the absence of an appropriate model for resource-limited settings and a lack of policy support for human milk banks and for the operational procedures supporting them. To reduce infant mortality, human milk banking systems need to be scaled up and integrated with other components of newborn care...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828837/development-of-a-conceptual-framework-to-measure-the-social-impact-of-burns
#10
Molly Marino, Marina Soley-Bori, Alan M Jette, Mary D Slavin, Colleen M Ryan, Jeffrey C Schneider, Linda Resnik, Amy Acton, Flor Amaya, Melinda Rossi, Rene Soria-Saucedo, Lewis E Kazis
Measuring community reintegration following burn injury is important to assess the efficacy of therapies designed to optimize recovery. This project aims to develop and validate a conceptual framework for understanding the social impact of burn injuries in adults. The framework is critical for developing the item banks used for a computerized adaptive test. We performed a comprehensive literature review and consulted with clinical experts and burn survivors about social life areas impacted by burn injury. Focus groups with burn survivors and clinicians were conducted to inform and validate the framework...
November 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820837/estimating-the-burden-of-chagas-disease-in-the-united-states
#11
Jennifer Manne-Goehler, Chukwuemeka A Umeh, Susan P Montgomery, Veronika J Wirtz
BACKGROUND: In recent years, there has been growing awareness of the significant burden of Chagas disease in the United States (US). However, epidemiological data on both prevalence and access to care for this disease are limited. The objective of this study is to provide an updated national estimate of Chagas disease prevalence, the first state-level estimates of cases of T. cruzi infection in the US and to analyze these estimates in the context of data on confirmed cases of infection in the US blood supply...
November 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817759/status-of-the-prevention-of-multidrug-resistant-organisms-in-international-settings-a-survey-of-the-society-for-healthcare-epidemiology-of-america-research-network
#12
Nasia Safdar, Sharmila Sengupta, Jackson S Musuuza, Manisha Juthani-Mehta, Marci Drees, Lilian M Abbo, Aaron M Milstone, Jon P Furuno, Meera Varman, Deverick J Anderson, Daniel J Morgan, Loren G Miller, Graham M Snyder
OBJECTIVE To examine self-reported practices and policies to reduce infection and transmission of multidrug-resistant organisms (MDRO) in healthcare settings outside the United States. DESIGN Cross-sectional survey. PARTICIPANTS International members of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA) Research Network. METHODS Electronic survey of infection control and prevention practices, capabilities, and barriers outside the United States and Canada. Participants were stratified according to their country's economic development status as defined by the World Bank as low-income, lower-middle-income, upper-middle-income, and high-income...
November 7, 2016: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815109/diabetes-associated-factors-as-predictors-of-nursing-home-admission-and-costs-in-the-elderly-across-europe
#13
Beatriz Rodríguez-Sánchez, Viola Angelini, Talitha Feenstra, Rob J M Alessie
OBJECTIVE: To identify the main factors associated with the use of nursing home facilities and to calculate their costs among older people with diabetes in Europe. METHODS: The sample included 48,464 individuals aged 50 years and older in 12 European countries participating in the Survey of Health, Aging, and Retirement in Europe study from 2004 to 2010. Cost data were obtained from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development and the World Bank. Logit regressions were used to assess the impact of diabetes, comorbidities, and functional status on the frequency of nursing home admission...
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812412/in-silico-study-on-anti-chikungunya-virus-activity-of-hesperetin
#14
Adrian Oo, Pouya Hassandarvish, Sek Peng Chin, Vannajan Sanghiran Lee, Sazaly Abu Bakar, Keivan Zandi
BACKGROUND: The re-emerging, Aedes spp. transmitted Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) has recently caused large outbreaks in a wide geographical distribution of the world including countries in Europe and America. Though fatalities associated with this self-remitting disease were rarely reported, quality of patients' lives have been severely diminished by polyarthralgia recurrence. Neither effective antiviral treatment nor vaccines are available for CHIKV. Our previous in vitro screening showed that hesperetin, a bioflavonoid exhibits inhibitory effect on the virus intracellular replication...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801802/water-related-impacts-of-climate-change-on-agriculture-and-subsequently-on-public-health-a-review-for-generalists-with-particular-reference-to-pakistan
#15
REVIEW
Toqeer Ahmed, Miklas Scholz, Furat Al-Faraj, Wajeeha Niaz
Water-related impacts due to change in climatic conditions ranging from water scarcity to intense floods and storms are increasing in developing countries like Pakistan. Water quality and waterborne diseases like hepatitis, cholera, typhoid, malaria and dengue fever are increasing due to chaotic urbanization, industrialization, poor hygienic conditions, and inappropriate water management. The morbidity rate is high due to lack of health care facilities, especially in developing countries. Organizations linked to the Government of Pakistan (e...
October 27, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801424/structanalyzer-a-tool-for-sequence-versus-structure-similarity-analysis
#16
Jakub Wiedemann, Maciej Miłostan
In the world of RNAs and proteins, similarities at the level of primary structures of two comparable molecules usually correspond to structural similarities at the tertiary level. In other words, measures of sequence and structure similarities are in general correlated - a high value of sequence similarity imposes a high value of structural similarity. However, important exceptions that stay in contrast to this general rule can be identified. It is possible to find similar structures with very different sequences, as well as similar sequences with very different structures...
November 2, 2016: Acta Biochimica Polonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800030/fertility-preservation-in-males-with-cancer-16-year-monocentric-experience-of-sperm-banking-and-post-thaw-reproductive-outcomes
#17
Raffaella Depalo, Doriana Falagario, Paola Masciandaro, Claudia Nardelli, Margherita Patrizia Vacca, Pasquale Capuano, Giorgina Specchia, Michele Battaglia
BACKGROUND: Anticancer treatments can impair male fertility. Cryopreservation of semen is an efficient procedure for fertility preservation. The aim of this study was to evaluate pre-freeze semen parameters among the various types of cancer, post-thaw sperm viability and reproductive outcome of samples used for assisted reproductive treatment (ART). METHODS: This study included 721 men with cancer that had their semen cryopreserved in our bank in 1999-2015. Semen analysis and cryopreservation were performed before the start of antineoplastic treatment, according to the World Health Organization recommendations, European Commission and Italian law...
November 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797227/incidence-and-mortality-of-testicular-cancer-and-relationships-with-development-in-asia
#18
Mostafa Sadeghi, Mahshid Ghoncheh, Abdollah Mohammadian-Hafshejani, Hamidreza Sadeghi Gandomani, Hosein Rafiemanesh, Hamid Salehiniya
BACKGROUND: Testicular cancer is one of the most common cancers among young men between ages 20-34 in countries with high or very high levels of the Human Development Index (HDI). This study investigated the incidence and mortality of prostate cancer and the relationship with the HDI and its dimensions in Asia in 2012. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted based on data from the world data of cancer and the World Bank (including the HDI and its components)...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766517/quality-of-life-in-people-aged-65-in-europe-associated-factors-and-models-of-social-welfare-analysis-of-data-from-the-share-project-wave-5
#19
Josep L Conde-Sala, Cristina Portellano-Ortiz, Laia Calvó-Perxas, Josep Garre-Olmo
PURPOSE: To analyse the clinical, sociodemographic and socioeconomic factors that influence perceived quality of life (QoL) in a community sample of 33,241 people aged 65+ and to examine the relationship with models of social welfare in Europe. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of data from Wave 5 (2013) of the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE). The instruments used in the present study were as follows: sociodemographic data, CASP-12 (QoL), EURO-D (depression), indicators of life expectancy and suicide (WHO), and economic indicators (World Bank)...
October 20, 2016: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765706/estimating-the-global-need-for-palliative-care-for-children-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#20
Stephen R Connor, Julia Downing, Joan Marston
CONTEXT: The need for children's palliative care (CPC) globally is unknown. In order to understand the scope of the need and to advocate to meet it, more accurate estimates are needed. OBJECTIVES: To create an accurate global estimate of the worldwide need for CPC based on a representative sample of countries from all regions of the world and all World Bank income groups. METHODS: This work builds on previously published methods developed by the International Children's Palliative Care Network, UNICEF, and WHO and tested in three African countries...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
keyword
keyword
32775
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"