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World Bank

Maha El Tantawi, Morenike O Folayan, Mohamed Mehaina, Ana Vukovic, Jorge L Castillo, Balgis O Gaffar, Arheiam Arheiam, Ola B Al-Batayneh, Arthur M Kemoli, Robert J Schroth, Gillian H M Lee
OBJECTIVES: To assess the relationship between health care system and economic factors and early childhood caries (ECC) data availability and prevalence. METHODS: We estimated ECC data for 193 United Nations countries from studies published between 2007 and 2017. We obtained other variables from the World Health Organization and the World Bank databases. We assessed association with ECC data availability by using logistic regression and with ECC prevalence by using linear regression...
June 21, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
Brandon A Kohrt, Laura Asher, Anvita Bhardwaj, Mina Fazel, Mark J D Jordans, Byamah B Mutamba, Abhijit Nadkarni, Gloria A Pedersen, Daisy R Singla, Vikram Patel
Community-based mental health services are emphasized in the World Health Organization’s Mental Health Action Plan , the World Bank’s Disease Control Priorities , and the Action Plan of the World Psychiatric Association. There is increasing evidence for effectiveness of mental health interventions delivered by non-specialists in community platforms in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). However, the role of community components has yet to be summarized. Our objective was to map community interventions in LMIC, identify competencies for community-based providers, and highlight research gaps...
June 16, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Aldo Tagliabue, Rino Rappuoli
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is currently the most alarming issue for human health. AMR already causes 700,000 deaths/year. It is estimated that 10 million deaths due to AMR will occur every year after 2050. This equals the number of people dying of cancer every year in present times. International institutions such as G20, World Bank, World Health Organization (WHO), UN General Assembly, European Union, and the UK and USA governments are calling for new antibiotics. To underline this emergency, a list of antibiotic-resistant "priority pathogens" has been published by WHO...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Yashovardhan Agarwal
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization and the World Bank's "World Report on Disability" reported that over 1 billion people have various kinds of disability worldwide while Indian Census 2011 reported about 26 million in India. The United Nations Convention states, "The Rights of Persons with Disabilities (PwD) include accessibility to Information, Transportation, Environment, Communication Technology and Services". OBJECTIVE: This article takes forward the reason of making the "EasenAccess" (EnA) Android-based app to empower PwD with wheelchair-accessibility information, communication sentences and sending SOS signals with location...
June 14, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Hossny Azizalrahman, Valid Hasyimi
Data in this article are related to a paper entitled "Towards a Generic Multi-criteria Evaluation Model for Low Carbon Cities". This paper sets out a framework for data normalization in a multi-criteria evaluation model that was tested and validated in 15 cities. Data deals with measurable indicators such as GDP per capita, CO2 emissions per capita and public buses per capita. In addition to published papers, selected World Bank and Siemens reports were useful to operationalize and identify low carbon cities...
June 2018: Data in Brief
Gill Hubbard, Anna Campbell, Abi Fisher, Michelle Harvie, Wendy Maltinsky, Russell Mullen, Elspeth Banks, Jackie Gracey, Trish Gorely, Julie Munro, Gozde Ozakinci
Background: Physical activity (PA) programmes effective under 'research' conditions may not be effective under 'real-world' conditions. A potential solution is to refer patients to existing PA community-based PA services. Methods: A process evaluation of referral of post-surgical patients with early-stage breast cancer to cardiac rehabilitation exercise classes, leisure centre with 3-month free leisure centre membership or telephone-delivered PA consultations for 12 weeks...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
Gina R Kruse, Nancy A Rigotti, Martin Raw, Ann McNeill, Rachael Murray, Hembadoon Piné-Abata, Asaf Bitton, Andy McEwen
Introduction: There are limited existing data describing the training methods used to educate tobacco cessation treatment providers around the world. Aims: To measure the prevalence of tobacco cessation treatment content, skills training and teaching methods reported by tobacco treatment training programs across the world. Methods: Web-based survey in May-September 2013 among tobacco cessation training experts across six geographic regions and four World Bank income levels...
December 2017: Journal of Smoking Cessation
Azza M A M Abul-Fadl, Maha M Mourad, Alaa Ghamrawy, Ayah Ebada Sarhan
Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is a preventable disease that is prevalent in developing regions of the world. Its eradication from most of the developed world indicates that this disease can be controlled and eliminated. Aim: To conduct an in-depth analysis of the trends and challenges of controlling RHD in the Eastern Mediterranean region (EMR). Methodology: Global data from the World Health Organization (WHO) data banks were retrieved for total deaths and age standardized death rate per 100,000 (ASDR) by age group, sex, and year (from 2000 to 2015)...
May 30, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Development and Disease
Sakiru Adebola Solarin, Usama Al-Mulali, Gerald Goh Guan Gan, Muhammad Shahbaz
The aim of this research is to explore the effect of biomass energy consumption on CO2 emissions in 80 developed and developing countries. To achieve robustness, the system generalised method of moment was used and several control variables were incorporated into the model including real GDP, fossil fuel consumption, hydroelectricity production, urbanisation, population, foreign direct investment, financial development, institutional quality and the Kyoto protocol. Relying on the classification of the World Bank, the countries were categorised to developed and developing countries...
May 30, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Maurizio Zazzi, Hui Hu, Mattia Prosperi
Genotypic drug resistance testing has been an integral part of the clinical management of HIV patients for almost 20 years, not only assisting treatment choices but also informing drug development. Accurate estimations on the worldwide circulation of drug resistance are difficult to obtain, particularly in low/middle-income countries. In this work, we queried two of the largest public HIV sequence repositories in the world-Los Alamos and Stanford HIVdb-to derive global prevalence, time trends and geodemographic predictors of HIV drug resistance...
2018: PeerJ
Alisa Kachikis, Ann-Beth Moller, Tomas Allen, Lale Say, Doris Chou
INTRODUCTION: Equity is a cross-cutting theme within the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and central to the effort to improve maternal and child health globally. One key strategy to prevent maternal death set out in SDG 3 is assistance by a skilled birth attendant (SBA) at childbirth (indicator 3.1.2). However, the increased coverage of SBAs globally has not been reflected by the same degree of decrease in maternal mortality and has been reported to have higher levels of inequality than other maternal health interventions...
May 26, 2018: BMJ Open
Veronica Pingray, Fernando Althabe, Paula Vazquez, Malena Correa, Mónica Pajuelo, José M Belizán
OBJECTIVE: To describe country-level stillbirth rates and their change over time in Latin America, and to measure the association of stillbirth rates with socioeconomic and health coverage indicators in the region. DESIGN: Ecological study. SETTING: 20 countries of Latin America. POPULATION OR SAMPLE: Aggregated data from pregnant women with countries as units of analysis. METHODS: We used stillbirth estimates, and socioeconomic and health care coverage indicators reported from 2006 to 2016 from UNICEF, United Nations Development Programme and World Bank datasets...
May 23, 2018: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Glyn O Phillips
The rapid growth of tissue banking and associated international organisations following the fall of the Berlin wall in 1991 is described. This surge in collaboration led to a world-wide constructive movement to use and to produce human tissues. As the years progressed industrialisation, led by the USA, improved the quality of tissue allografts but led higher costs and consolidation within the developing industry. The growth of litigation more than kept pace with the industrial progress. One landmark case is described, the outcome of which could revolutionise the current practices now applied to eliminate possible viral contamination of implanted tissue grafts...
May 23, 2018: Cell and Tissue Banking
Boris Bikbov, Norberto Perico, Giuseppe Remuzzi
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) imposes a substantial burden on health care systems. There are some especially vulnerable groups with a high CKD burden, one of which is women. We performed an analysis of gender disparities in the prevalence of all CKD stages and renal replacement therapy (defined as impaired kidney function [IKF]) in 195 countries. METHODS: We used estimates produced by the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Study 2016 revision using a Bayesian-regression analytic tool, DisMoD-MR 2...
May 23, 2018: Nephron
Shekufeh Zonji
Political action and investment are critical to meet the development needs of vulnerable young children today. Early childhood development (ECD) has become a global priority: an ECD target and other ECD-related targets are included in the sustainable development goals, over 75 countries have officially adopted multisectoral ECD policy instruments, and ECD is a programmatic focus in major global institutions (including UNICEF, UNESCO, the WHO, and the World Bank). However, lack of clear and strong ownership of and champions for ECD, operational and communication siloes of constituent sectors that constitute ECD, political pressures for investment in other arenas, and low international investment in ECD inhibit making a compelling and cohesive investment case for ECD...
May 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Samra Khalid, Rumeza Hanif, Ishrat Jabeen, Qaisar Mansoor, Muhammad Ismail
Insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF-1R) is an important therapeutic target for breast cancer treatment. The alteration in the IGF-1R associated signaling network due to various genetic and environmental factors leads the system towards metastasis. The pharmacophore modeling and logical approaches have been applied to analyze the behaviour of complex regulatory network involved in breast cancer. A total of 23 inhibitors were selected to generate ligand based pharmacophore using the tool, Molecular Operating Environment (MOE)...
2018: PloS One
Alice Abou-Nader, Molly Sauer, A Duncan Steele, Jacqueline E Tate, Deborah Atherly, Umesh D Parashar, Mathuram Santosham, E Anthony S Nelson
An estimated 215,000 children died of rotavirus infections in 2013, accounting for 37% of diarrhea-related deaths worldwide, 92% of which occurred in low and lower-middle income countries. Since 2009 the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends the use of rotavirus vaccines in all national immunization programs. This review compares rotavirus vaccine (RV) introductions and vaccine coverage by region, country income status and Gavi-eligibility from 2006-2016. Gross National Income data from the World Bank and surviving infant population from United Nations Population Division was obtained for 2016...
May 22, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
Nataliia O Rynhach, Vasyl M Mykhalchuk, Anatolii H Krut
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: This publication focuses on role of physical activity in promoting and protecting health and well-being. Physical activity is a significant risk factor for noncommunicable diseases. The public's awareness of the risk factors of non-communicable diseases is an important component of their control. The aim: To estimate the level of knowledge of the working age population regarding the essence of a healthy lifestyle and risk factors for non-communicable diseases (with an emphasis on lack of physical activity and its consequences) according to qualitative and quantitative sociological research...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Shoukai Yu
Women are nearly twice as likely as men to suffer from mental illness. This gender disparity in depressive disorders may relate to social inequalities and living standards across nations. Currently, these disparities were not reflected at the level of health policies. This study utilized global data for depressive disorders and socioeconomic data from the United Nations' World Bank databases and Global Burden of Disease database to demonstrate the correlation between social inequality and gender disparities in mental health...
May 18, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
Steven M Russell, Roberto de la Rica
Meeting policy requirements is essential for advancing molecular diagnostic devices from the laboratory to real-world applications and commercialization. Considering policy as a starting point in the design of new technology is a winning strategy. Rapid developments have put mobile biosensors at the frontier of molecular diagnostics, at times outpacing policymakers, and therefore offering new opportunities for breakthroughs in global health. In this Perspective we survey influential global health policies and recent developments in mobile biosensing in order to gain a new perspective for the future of the field...
May 24, 2018: ACS Sensors
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