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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527482/-scientific-research-policy-for-health-in-portugal-i-european-and-national-environment
#1
REVIEW
Cátia Sá Guerreiro, Zulmira Hartz, Luís Sambo, Cláudia Conceição, Gilles Dussault, Giuliano Russo, Miguel Viveiros, Henrique Silveira, Pedro Pita Barros, Paulo Ferrinho
The global debate on scientific research policy for human health has been led by World Health Organisation with important contributions from other stakeholders such as Council on Health Research for Development, the World Bank and the Global Forum for Health Research. Recently it has been dominated by the thematic agendas of major global financiers. There is a growing interest worldwide in making better use of the evidence resulting from scientific research in health, in the decision-making process regarding health policies, which is fraught with difficulties, as it is the case in Europe...
February 27, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523366/the-effect-of-cigarette-price-increases-on-cigarette-consumption-tax-revenue-and-smoking-related-death-in-africa-from-1999-to-2013
#2
Li-Ming Ho, Christian Schafferer, Jie-Min Lee, Chun-Yuan Yeh, Chi-Jung Hsieh
OBJECTIVES: This study investigates the effects of price hikes on cigarette consumption, tobacco tax revenues, and reduction in smoking-caused mortality in 36 African countries. METHODS: Using panel data from the 1999-2013 Euromonitor International, the World Bank and the World Health Organization, we applied fixed-effects and random-effects regression models of panel data to estimate the elasticity of cigarette prices and simulate the effect of price fluctuations...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520958/the-development-use-and-impact-of-a-global-laboratory-database-during-the-2014-ebola-outbreak-in-west-africa
#3
Kara N Durski, Shalini Singaravelu, Junxiong Teo, Dhamari Naidoo, Luke Bawo, Amara Jambai, Sakoba Keita, Ali Ahmed Yahaya, Beatrice Muraguri, Brice Ahounou, Victoria Katawera, Fredson Kuti-George, Yacouba Nebie, T Henry Kohar, Patrick Jowlehpah Hardy, Mamoudou Harouna Djingarey, David Kargbo, Nuha Mahmoud, Yewondwossen Assefa, Orla Condell, Magassouba N'Faly, Leon Van Gurp, Margaret Lamanu, Julia Ryan, Boubacar Diallo, Foday Daffae, Dikena Jackson, Fayyaz Ahmed Malik, Philomena Raftery, Pierre Formenty
Background: The international impact, rapid widespread transmission, and reporting delays during the 2014 Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in West Africa highlighted the need for a global, centralized database to inform outbreak response. The World Health Organization and Emerging and Dangerous Pathogens Laboratory Network addressed this need by supporting the development of a global laboratory database. Methods: Specimens were collected in the affected countries from patients and dead bodies meeting the case definitions for EVD...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504223/belgium-coronary-and-structural-heart-interventions-from-2010-to-2015
#4
Walter Desmet, Adel Aminian, Joëlle Kefer, Joseph Dens, Johan Bosmans, Marc Claeys, Christophe Dubois, Olivier Gach, Luc Janssens, Erwin Schroeder, Paul Vermeersch, Marc Carlier, Edouard Benit, Claude Hanet
In a ranking of the gross domestic product per capita in 2015, Belgium ranked 19th in the world according to the International Monetary Fun1d and the World Bank. It has a Human Development Index of 0.890, in which it is preceded by only 20 other countries in the world. This is, at least in part, due to a well-developed social security system on which all citizens can rely. Over the last 5-10 years, however, this system has come under increasing pressure. This has resulted in insufficient, incomplete and late reimbursement of all technologies that were introduced over the last ten years in the cathlab: intracoronary imaging techniques are not reimbursed at all, and FFR only to a vastly insufficient degree...
May 15, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504193/global-economic-evaluations-of-rotavirus-vaccines-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Surachai Kotirum, Naaon Vutipongsatorn, Khachen Kongpakwattana, Raymond Hutubessy, Nathorn Chaiyakunapruk
INTRODUCTION: World Health Organization (WHO) recommends Rotavirus vaccines to prevent and control rotavirus infections. Economic evaluations (EE) have been considered to support decision making of national policy. Summarizing global experience of the economic value of rotavirus vaccines is crucial in order to encourage global WHO recommendations for vaccine uptake. Therefore, a systematic review of economic evaluations of rotavirus vaccine was conducted. METHODS: We searched Medline, Embase, NHS EED, EconLit, CEA Registry, SciELO, LILACS, CABI-Global Health Database, Popline, World Bank - e-Library, and WHOLIS...
May 11, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489474/global-burden-of-sugar-related-dental-diseases-in-168-countries-and-corresponding-health-care-costs
#6
T Meier, P Deumelandt, O Christen, G I Stangl, K Riedel, M Langer
Oral diseases such as dental caries, edentulism (tooth loss), periodontal disease (PD), and oral cancer currently constitute an increased major public health burden across the globe, with significant differences between countries. One of the main drivers of caries, edentulism, and PD is the excessive intake of sugars. Here, we aimed to quantify the global sugar-related dental health and cost burden in the year 2010. This study used a health-econometrical model to calculate the disease burden as well as the direct and indirect costs attributable to the intake of free sugars (mono- and disaccharides [MDS])...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482898/ethnopharmacological-survey-of-medicinal-plants-practiced-by-traditional-healers-and-herbalists-for-treatment-of-some-urological-diseases-in-the-west-bank-palestine
#7
Nidal Amin Jaradat, Abdel Naser Zaid, Rowa Al-Ramahi, Malik A Alqub, Fatima Hussein, Zakaria Hamdan, Mahmoud Mustafa, Mohammad Qneibi, Iyad Ali
BACKGROUND: Throughout history, every civilization in the world used plants or their derivatives for treatment or prevention of diseases. In Palestine as in many other countries, herbal medicines are broadly used in the treatment of wide range of diseases including urological diseases. The main objective of this research is to study the use of herbal remedies by herbalists and traditional healers for treatment of various urological diseases in the West Bank regions of Palestine and to assess their efficacy and safety through the literature review of the most cited plants...
May 8, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474198/seroprevalence-of-histoplasmosis-in-somali-burmese-and-hmong-refugees-residing-in-thailand-and-kenya
#8
Nathan C Bahr, Deborah Lee, William M Stauffer, Michelle Durkin, Martin S Cetron, L Joseph Wheat, David R Boulware
Histoplasmosis is known to be endemic to the Midwestern United States, but cases have been reported throughout much of the world. Somali, Hmong, and Burmese (ethnically Karen) persons make up some of the largest refugee populations coming the United States in recent years. Yet, information about risk of Histoplasma capsulatum infection amongst these populations is limited. This study used the CDC Migrant Serum Bank to test ~100 samples from each of Somali, Burmese, and Hmong U.S.-bound refugees. Samples were tested by enzyme immunoassay for Histoplasma capsulatum IgG...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457284/corneal-surgery-in-the-flying-eye-hospital-characteristics-and-visual-outcome
#9
Javed Hussain Farooqui, Emile Sharifi, Ahmed Gomaa
OBJECTIVE: The Flying Eye Hospital (FEH) of ORBIS International is a capacity-building platform that trains ophthalmologists throughout the developing world on-board a fully functional eye hospital based in an airplane and in the local hospitals of developing countries. Corneal blindness (CB) is the second leading cause of blindness in most developing countries. Treatment of existing global CB requires effective eye banking and surgeons trained in corneal transplant. ORBIS International has programs that addressed both those needs...
April 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454520/physical-inactivity-and-self-reported-depression-among-middle-and-older-aged-population-in-south-asia-world-health-survey
#10
Ghose Bishwajit, Daniel Peter O'Leary, Sharmistha Ghosh, Sanni Yaya, Tang Shangfeng, Zhanchun Feng
BACKGROUND: With the increase in the understanding of the influence of various lifestyle factors such as sedentary behaviour and level of physical activity (PA) on physical and mental health, there has been a growing research interest on how physical inactivity correlates with depressive outcomes across countries. The present study aimed to examine 1) the pattern of engaging in PA among middle- and older-aged population in four South Asian countries, and 2) whether PA is associated with higher prevalence of depression...
April 28, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450146/alternatives-to-eye-bank-native-tissue-for-corneal-stromal-replacement
#11
REVIEW
Isabelle Brunette, Cynthia J Roberts, François Vidal, Mona Harissi-Dagher, Jean Lachaine, Heather Sheardown, Georges M Durr, Stéphanie Proulx, May Griffith
Corneal blindness is a major cause of blindness in the world and corneal transplantation is the only widely accepted treatment to restore sight in these eyes. However, it is becoming increasingly difficult for eye banks to meet the increasing demand for transplantable tissue, which is in part due to population aging. Donor tissue shortage is therefore a growing concern globally and there is a need for alternatives to human donor corneas. Biosynthetic corneal substitutes offer several significant advantages over native corneas: Large-scale production offers a powerful potential solution to the severe shortage of human donor corneas worldwide; Good manufacturing practices ensure sterility and quality control; Acellular corneal substitutes circumvent immune rejection induced by allogeneic cells; Optical and biomechanical properties of the implants can be adapted to the clinical need; and finally these corneal substitutes could benefit from new advances in biomaterials science, such as surface coating, functionalization and nanoparticles...
April 24, 2017: Progress in Retinal and Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447583/prevalence-and-clinical-significance-of%C3%A2-diabetes-in-asian-versus-white-patients%C3%A2-with-heart-failure
#12
Ingrid E M Bank, Crystel M Gijsberts, Tiew-Hwa K Teng, Lina Benson, David Sim, Poh Shuan Daniel Yeo, Hean Yee Ong, Fazlur Jaufeerally, Gerard K T Leong, Lieng H Ling, A Mark Richards, Dominique P V de Kleijn, Ulf Dahlström, Lars H Lund, Carolyn S P Lam
OBJECTIVES: The study sought to compare the prevalence, clinical correlates and prognostic impact of diabetes in Southeast Asian versus white patients with heart failure (HF) with preserved or reduced ejection fraction. BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus is common in HF and is associated with impaired prognosis. Asia is home to the majority of the world's diabetic population, yet data on the prevalence and clinical significance of diabetes in Asian patients with HF are sparse, and no studies have directly compared Asian and white patients...
January 2017: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440595/remittances-as-aid-following-major-sudden-onset-natural-disasters
#13
Catherine Bragg, Glenn Gibson, Haleigh King, Ashley A Lefler, Faustin Ntoubandi
There is a general assumption, based on macroeconomic studies, that remittances will rise following major sudden-onset natural disasters. This is confirmed by a few assessments involving country-specific research, and usually short-term data. This study, questioning conventional wisdom, reviewed and graphed annual and quarterly remittance flows using International Monetary Fund and World Bank data from 2000-14 for 12 countries that confronted 18 major natural disasters. It found that, regardless of event type, annual remittances rose steadily from 2000-14 except for after the 2008-09 financial crisis...
April 25, 2017: Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433928/child-disability-and-siblings-healthcare-expenditures-in-a-context-of-child-fostering
#14
REVIEW
Arlette Simo Fotso
Many studies have assessed the impact of disability on healthcare expenditures for the disabled child, but practically none has considered the externalities of a child's disability in terms of healthcare expenditures for his/her siblings. This study therefore seeks to measure the impact of a child's disability on the allocation of healthcare expenditures among children of a household. It uses data from the 2011 Demographic Health and Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (DHS-MICS) conducted in Cameroon by the National Statistics Institute (INS), with support from UNFPA, UNICEF, the World Bank and USAID...
June 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428978/20th-workshop-of-the-international-stroke-genetics-consortium-november-3-4-2016-milan-italy-2016-036-isgc-research-priorities
#15
Daniel Woo, Stephanie Debette, Christopher Anderson
OBJECTIVE: To develop a research priority list for the International Stroke Genetics Consortium (ISGC). BACKGROUND: Previously, stroke progress review groups and other activities provided an opportunity for members within the field to develop priorities for research. These filtered into larger categories which then published the top research priorities of their given field. However, these review groups are no longer forming and thus there has been no clear direction on what the research priorities and needs for stroke genetics research...
March 2017: Neurology. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413254/non-farm-entrepreneurship-in-rural-sub-saharan-africa-new-empirical-evidence
#16
Paula Nagler, Wim Naudé
We report on the prevalence and patterns of non-farm enterprises in six sub-Saharan African countries, and study their performance in terms of labor productivity, survival and exit, using the World Bank's Living Standards Measurement Study - Integrated Surveys on Agriculture (LSMS-ISA). Rural households operate enterprises due to both push and pull factors and tend to do so predominantly in easy-to-enter activities, such as sales and trade, rather than in activities that require higher starting costs, such as transport services, or educational investment, such as professional services...
February 2017: Food Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401016/data-mining-and-medical-world-breast-cancers-diagnosis-treatment-prognosis-and-challenges
#17
Rozita Jamili Oskouei, Nasroallah Moradi Kor, Saeid Abbasi Maleki
The amount of data in electronic and real world is constantly on the rise. Therefore, extracting useful knowledge from the total available data is very important and time consuming task. Data mining has various techniques for extracting valuable information or knowledge from data. These techniques are applicable for all data that are collected inall fields of science. Several research investigations are published about applications of data mining in various fields of sciences such as defense, banking, insurances, education, telecommunications, medicine and etc...
2017: American Journal of Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399918/quality-of-death-notification-forms-in-north-west-bank-palestine-a-descriptive-study
#18
Jamal A S Qaddumi, Zaher Nazzal, Allam R S Yacoup, Mahmoud Mansour
BACKGROUND: The death notification forms (DNFs) are important documents. Thus, inability to fill it properly by physicians will affect the national mortality report and, consequently, the evidence-based decision making. The errors in filling DNFs are common all over the world and are different in types and causes. We aimed to evaluate the quality of DNFs in terms of completeness and types of errors in the cause of death section. METHODS: A descriptive study was conducted to review 2707 DNFs in North West Bank/Palestine during the year 2012 using data abstraction sheets...
April 11, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395464/-development-and-evaluation-on-the-primipara-social-capital-scale
#19
C Zhou, R N Lai, X N Zhang, H Chen, W J Wang, B D Zhang
Objective: To develop the Chinese primipara social capital scale (C-PSCS), and to evaluate its validity and reliability. Methods: The items of C-PSCS were developed based on Social Capital Scale by the World Bank and Social Network Scale. This scale was modified according to the characteristics of primiparas. We selected 10 experts who specialized in related field, and two rounds of seminars about content, cultural compatibility, primiparas' characteristics, and practicability. The finally C-PSCS included four dimensions: social trust, social reciprocity, social network, and social participation...
April 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392630/-guilty-until-proven-innocent-the-contested-use-of-maternal-mortality-indicators-in-global-health
#20
Katerini T Storeng, Dominique P Béhague
The MMR - maternal mortality ratio - has risen from obscurity to become a major global health indicator, even appearing as an indicator of progress towards the global Sustainable Development Goals. This has happened despite intractable challenges relating to the measurement of maternal mortality. Even after three decades of measurement innovation, maternal mortality data are widely presumed to be of poor quality, or, as one leading measurement expert has put it, 'guilty until proven innocent'. This paper explores how and why leading epidemiologists, demographers and statisticians have devoted the better part of the last three decades to producing ever more sophisticated and expensive surveys and mathematical models of globally comparable MMR estimates...
March 15, 2017: Critical Public Health
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