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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344680/adolescents-and-young-adults-na%C3%A3-ve-understandings-of-the-economic-crisis
#1
Anna Emilia Berti, Anna Maria Ajello, Carmela Aprea, Ilaria Castelli, Elisabetta Lombardi, Antonella Marchetti, Davide Massaro, Viviana Sappa, Annalisa Valle
Over the last decade, Financial Literacy (FL) and interventions aimed at improving it, that is Financial Education (FE), have been the focus of increased attention from economists, governments, and international organizations such as the world Bank and OECD, but much less by scholars in the fields of Learning and Instruction. We examined open-ended written answers on the causes of the economic crisis that started in 2007-2008, as given by 381 Italian secondary school and university students, and 268 Swiss Italian-speaking secondary school students...
March 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343934/hitchhiker-s-guide-to-the-red-cell-storage-galaxy-omics-technologies-and-the-quality-issue
#2
REVIEW
Angelo D'Alessandro, Jerard Seghatchian
Red blood cell storage in the blood bank makes millions of units of available for transfusion to civilian and military recipients every year. From glass bottles to plastic bags, from anticoagulants to complex additives, from whole blood to leukocyte filtered packed red blood cells: huge strides have been made in the field of blood component processing and storage in the blood bank during the last century. Still, refrigerated preservation of packed red blood cells under blood bank conditions results in the progressive accumulation of a wide series of biochemical and morphological changes to the stored erythrocytes, collectively referred to as the storage lesion(s)...
March 9, 2017: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341576/effectiveness-of-interventions-to-reduce-household-air-pollution-and-or-improve-health-in-homes-using-solid-fuel-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Reginald Quansah, Sean Semple, Caroline A Ochieng, Sanjar Juvekar, Frederick Ato Armah, Isaac Luginaah, Jacques Emina
BACKGROUND: Cookstove intervention programs have been increasing over the past two (2) decades in Low and Middle Income Countries (LMICs) across the globe. However, there remains uncertainty regarding the effects of these interventions on household air pollution concentrations, personal exposure concentrations and health outcomes. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to determine if household air pollution (HAP) interventions were associated with improved indoor air quality (IAQ) in households in LMICs...
March 21, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329390/high-rates-of-transmission-of-drug-resistant-hiv-in-aruba-resulting-in-reduced-susceptibility-to-the-who-recommended-first-line-regimen-in-nearly-half-of-newly-diagnosed-hiv-infected-patients
#4
L Marije Hofstra, Elena Sánchez Rivas, Monique Nijhuis, Leonie E A Bank, Eduan Wilkinson, Karina Kelly, Tania Mudrikova, Rob Schuurman, Tulio de Oliveira, Jaclyn de Kort, Annemarie M J Wensing
Background.: In Western countries emergence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) drug resistance has tremendously decreased, and transmission of drug resistance has merely stabilized in recent years. However, in many endemic settings with limited resources rates of emerging and transmitted drug resistance are not regularly assessed. Methods.: We performed a survey including all HIV-infected individuals who received resistance testing in 2010-2015 in Aruba, a highly endemic HIV area in the Caribbean...
March 9, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329123/prevalence-of-chagas-disease-in-the-latin-american-born-population-of-los-angeles
#5
Sheba K Meymandi, Colin J Forsyth, Jonathan Soverow, Salvador Hernandez, Daniel Sanchez, Susan P Montgomery, Mahmoud Traina
Background.: According to an estimate from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Chagas disease (CD) may affect 1.31% of Latin American immigrants in the United States, with >300 000 cases. However, there is a lack of real-world data to support this estimate. Little is known about the actual prevalence of this neglected tropical disease in the United States, and the bulk of those infected are undiagnosed. Methods.: From April 2008 to May 2014, we screened 4,755 Latin American-born residents of Los Angeles County...
February 12, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328491/the-age-of-opportunity-european-efforts-seek-to-address-the-challenges-of-an-aging-population-and-also-create-opportunities-for-economic-growth-and-innovation
#6
Jim Banks
For the last ten years, Peter Wintlev-Jensen has been immersed in one of the greatest challenges the world will have to address in the decades ahead-the unprecedented aging of the population not only in Europe but also across the globe. This trend is reshaping consumer spending, challenging established economic models, driving the development of new industry and service sectors, and forcing a rethinking of key policy areas within health and social care. To quantify the challenge from a U.K. perspective, a recent report from the nonprofit organization Age UK showed that the country now has more people 60 or over than under 18 and more pensioners than children under 16...
March 2017: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316905/the-global-burden-of-child-burn-injuries-in-light-of-country-level-economic-development-and-income-inequality
#7
Mathilde Sengoelge, Ziad El-Khatib, Lucie Laflamme
Child burn mortality differs widely between regions and is closely related to material deprivation, but reports on their global distribution are few. Investigating their country level distribution in light of economic level and income inequality will help assess the potential for macro-level improvements. We extracted data for child burn mortality from the Global Burden of Disease study 2013 and combined data into 1-14 years to calculate rates at country, region and income levels. We also compiled potential lives saved...
June 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300606/one-step-multiplex-rt-qpcr-detects-three-citrus-viroids-from-different-genera-in-a-wide-range-of-hosts
#8
Fatima Osman, Tyler Dang, Sohrab Bodaghi, Georgios Vidalakis
A one-step multiplex reverse transcription real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) based on species-specific minor groove binding (MGB) probes, was developed for the simultaneous detection, identification, and quantification of three citrus viroids belonging to different genera. Citrus exocortis viroid (Pospiviroid), Hop stunt viroid (Hostuviroid), and Citrus bark cracking viroid (Cocadviroid) cause a variety of maladies in agriculturally significant crops. Therefore, reliable assays for their detection are essential tools for various government and industry organizations implementing disease management programs...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Virological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298338/quality-of-care-in-performance-based-financing-how-it-is-incorporated-in-32-programs-across-28-countries
#9
REVIEW
Jessica Gergen, Erik Josephson, Martha Coe, Samantha Ski, Supriya Madhavan, Sebastian Bauhoff
OBJECTIVE: To describe how quality of care is incorporated into performance-based financing (PBF) programs, what quality indicators are being used, and how these indicators are measured and verified. METHODS: An exploratory scoping methodology was used to characterize the full range of quality components in 32 PBF programs, initiated between 2008 and 2015 in 28 low- and middle-income countries, totaling 68 quality tools and 8,490 quality indicators. The programs were identified through a review of the peer-reviewed and gray literature as well as through expert consultation with key donor representatives...
March 15, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287062/mental-health-service-availability-and-delivery-at-the-global-level-an-analysis-by-countries-income-level-from-who-s-mental-health-atlas-2014
#10
A Lora, F Hanna, D Chisholm
AIMS: The World Health Organization (WHO)'s Mental Health Atlas series has established itself as the single most comprehensive and most widely used source of information on the global mental health situation. The data derived from the latest Mental Health Atlas survey carried out in 2014 describes the availability and delivery of mental health services in the WHO's Member States, focussing on differences by country's income level. METHODS: The data contained in this paper are mainly derived from questions relating to mental health service availability and uptake, as well as on financial and human resources for mental health...
March 13, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286873/to-take-their-place-among-the-productive-members-of-society-vocational-rehabilitation-of-wwi-wounded-at-erskine
#11
Jennifer Novotny
In 1916, the foundation of the Princess Louise Scottish Hospital for Limbless Sailors and Soldiers (still in existence today as Erskine), on the banks of the River Clyde in Scotland, was a direct response to the need for specialised medical facilities to deal with the unprecedented number of injured service personnel returning from the Great War. At the hospital, the West of Scotland medical and industrial communities came together to mend broken bodies with prosthetic technology, as well as physical and mental rehabilitation to prepare the limbless to re-enter the job market...
January 17, 2017: Wellcome Open Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274267/controlling-corporate-influence-in-health-policy-making-an-assessment-of-the-implementation-of-article-5-3-of-the-world-health-organization-framework-convention-on-tobacco-control
#12
Gary Jonas Fooks, Julia Smith, Kelley Lee, Chris Holden
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) stands to significantly reduce tobacco-related mortality by accelerating the introduction of evidence-based tobacco control measures. However, the extent to which States Parties have implemented the Convention varies considerably. Article 5.3 of the FCTC, is intended to insulate policy-making from the tobacco industry's political influence, and aims to address barriers to strong implementation of the Convention associated with tobacco industry political activity...
March 8, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273957/morphological-variations-of-middle-ear-ossicles-and-its-clinical-implications
#13
Ritaban Saha, Phalguni Srimani, Ardhendu Mazumdar, Sibani Mazumdar
INTRODUCTION: The middle ear ossicles form a semi rigid chain in the middle of the ear for conduction and amplification of sound waves from the tympanic membrane to the inner ear. Although, our knowledge of the ear ossicles dates back to the 15(th) century, and various studies have been carried out on their morphometry, morphology, anomalies, embryology, function and structure throughout the world, information about the morphology of middle ear ossicles is meagre in Indian subjects. AIM: To find out the morphological variations of middle ear ossicles of right and left sides...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272962/socioeconomic-determinants-of-sodium-intake-in-adult-populations-of-high-income-countries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Carlos de Mestral, Ana-Lucia Mayén, Dusan Petrovic, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Murielle Bochud, Silvia Stringhini
BACKGROUND: A poorer quality diet among individuals with low socioeconomic status (SES) may partly explain the higher burden of noncommunicable disease among disadvantaged populations. Because there is a link between sodium intake and noncommunicable diseases, we systematically reviewed the current evidence on the social patterning of sodium intake. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic review and a meta-analysis of the evidence on the association between SES and sodium intake in healthy adult populations of high-income countries...
April 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253540/payment-methods-for-outpatient-care-facilities
#15
REVIEW
Beibei Yuan, Li He, Qingyue Meng, Liying Jia
BACKGROUND: Outpatient care facilities provide a variety of basic healthcare services to individuals who do not require hospitalisation or institutionalisation, and are usually the patient's first contact. The provision of outpatient care contributes to immediate and large gains in health status, and a large portion of total health expenditure goes to outpatient healthcare services. Payment method is one of the most important incentive methods applied by purchasers to guide the performance of outpatient care providers...
March 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250191/food-insecurity-is-associated-with-subjective-well-being-among-individuals-from-138-countries-in-the-2014-gallup-world-poll
#16
Edward A Frongillo, Hoa T Nguyen, Michael D Smith, Alisha Coleman-Jensen
Background: Food insecurity is an aspect of living conditions that is particularly important for quality of life, health, and subjective well-being. The implementation of the 8-item Food Insecurity Experience Scale in 147 countries in the 2014 Gallup World Poll provided an unprecedented opportunity to understand the association of food insecurity with subjective well-being.Objective: We examined how food insecurity relates with measures of living conditions and how food insecurity and other living conditions relate with physical health and, in turn, subjective well-being...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240695/an-analysis-of-the-prevalence-of-depression-post-myocardial-infarction
#17
Jessica L DiSante, Angela Macci Bires, Thomas W Cline, Kristen Waterstram-Rich
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of death in the United States. The World Bank and the World Health Organization predict that depression and coronary heart disease will be the largest causes of global health burden and disability by the year 2020. Studies have demonstrated that patients with CAD experience depression at a higher rate than the general population. Because of this connection, it is critical to recognize depression and manage depression effectively for people with CAD. Studies have also provided evidence that identifying and treating depression in patients early after a myocardial infarction improve clinical outcomes...
April 2017: Critical Care Nursing Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238540/structural-adjustment-and-health-a-conceptual-framework-and-evidence-on-pathways
#18
Alexander E Kentikelenis
Economic reform programs designed by the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank-so-called 'structural adjustment programs'-have formed one of the most influential policy agendas of the past four decades. To gain access to financial support from these organizations, countries-often in economic crisis-have reduced public spending, limited the role of the state, and deregulated economic activity. This article identifies the multiple components of structural adjustment, and presents a conceptual framework linking them to health systems and outcomes...
February 23, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228675/new-species-of-habronattus-and-pellenes-jumping-spiders-araneae-salticidae-harmochirina
#19
Wayne P Maddison
The harmochirine jumping spiders include the New World Habronattus, notable for their complex courtship displays, and Pellenes, found throughout the Old World and North America. Five new species of Habronattus and one new species of Pellenes are here described from North America: Habronattus aestus, sp. n., Habronattus chamelasp. n., Habronattus empyrussp. n., Habronattus luminosussp. n., Habronattus robertisp. n., and Pellenes canadensissp. n. For each of the new species, photographs of living specimens are given, as well as notes on habitat...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207328/socioeconomic-determinants-of-sodium-intake-in-adult-populations-of-high-income-countries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Carlos de Mestral, Ana-Lucia Mayén, Dusan Petrovic, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Murielle Bochud, Silvia Stringhini
BACKGROUND: A poorer quality diet among individuals with low socioeconomic status (SES) may partly explain the higher burden of noncommunicable disease among disadvantaged populations. Because there is a link between sodium intake and noncommunicable diseases, we systematically reviewed the current evidence on the social patterning of sodium intake. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic review and a meta-analysis of the evidence on the association between SES and sodium intake in healthy adult populations of high-income countries...
April 2017: American Journal of Public Health
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