keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

CDC

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340827/single-incision-laparoscopic-hepaticojejunostomy-for-children-with-perforated-choledochal-cysts
#1
Mei Diao, Long Li, Wei Cheng
BACKGROUND: Conventionally, perforated choledochal cyst (CDC) is a contraindication of laparoscopic treatment. The current study is to evaluate efficacy of single-incision laparoscopic hepaticojejunostomy (SILH) in children with perforated CDCs. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-three children with perforated CDCs who underwent SILHs in our hospital between August 2011 and August 2017 were reviewed. RESULTS: Fifteen (11.3%) patients were converted to open procedures due to severe adhesions and oozing...
January 16, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340736/risk-factors-for-early-infection-following-hemiarthroplasty-in-elderly-patients-with-a-femoral-neck-fracture
#2
Dirk Zajonz, Alexander Brand, Christian Lycke, Orkun Özkurtul, Jan Theopold, Ulrich J A Spiegl, Andreas Roth, Christoph Josten, Johannes K M Fakler
PURPOSE: Periprosthetic joint infections (PJI) after hemiarthroplasty for geriatric femoral neck fractures are a devastating complication that results in serious morbidity and increased mortality. Identifying risk factors associated with early infection after HA for hip fractures may offer an opportunity to address and prevent this complication in many patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate preoperative risk factors for early PJI after HA in hip fracture patients. METHODS: From January 2010 to December 2015, 312 femoral neck fractures (AO/OTA 31-B) in 305 patients were included in this single-center, retrospective study...
January 16, 2018: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336625/the-clavien-dindo-classification-in-pancreatic-surgery-a-clinical-and-economic-validation
#3
Patrick Téoule, Felix Bartel, Emrullah Birgin, Felix Rückert, Torsten J Wilhelm
BACKGROUND/AIMS: In 2004 P. A. Clavien and D. Dindo published the well-known grading system of postoperative complications. It is established in several surgical disciplines. The aim of this study was to assess its validity in pancreatic surgery. The impact of complication grade on economic resources was investigated as well. METHODS: From a prospective database, we retrospectively evaluated all patients who underwent pancreatic resection between January 2009 and December 2014 at our department...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331170/implementation-lessons-learned-from-the-benefits-of-enhanced-terminal-room-betr-disinfection-study-process-and-perceptions-of-enhanced-disinfection-with-ultraviolet-disinfection-devices
#4
Deverick J Anderson, Lauren P Knelson, Rebekah W Moehring, Sarah S Lewis, David J Weber, Luke F Chen, Patricia F Triplett, Michael Blocker, R Marty Cooney, J Conrad Schwab, Yuliya Lokhnygina, William A Rutala, Daniel J Sexton
OBJECTIVE To summarize and discuss logistic and administrative challenges we encountered during the Benefits of Enhanced Terminal Room (BETR) Disinfection Study and lessons learned that are pertinent to future utilization of ultraviolet (UV) disinfection devices in other hospitals DESIGN Multicenter cluster randomized trial SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS Nine hospitals in the southeastern United States METHODS All participating hospitals developed systems to implement 4 different strategies for terminal room disinfection...
January 14, 2018: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328666/directing-group-participated-benzylic-c-sp3-h-c-sp2-h-cross-dehydrogenative-coupling-cdc-synthesis-of-azapolycycles
#5
Yaojia Jiang, Gongtao Deng, Shuaishuai Zhang, Teck-Peng Loh
An efficient method to construct azapolycycles via directing group participated benzylic C(sp3)-H/C(sp2)-H cross-dehydrogenative coupling reactions is described. The reaction proceeded through a palladium catalyzed C(sp3)-H activation followed by coupling with a C(sp2)-H bond of quinoline to afford the azapolycyclic compounds. The reaction works with a broad substrate scope affording the products in moderate to good yields with excellent diastereoselectivities. Control experiments further supported the proposed mechanism...
January 12, 2018: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325101/fauna-ecological-characteristics-and-checklist-of-the-mosquitoes-in-mazandaran-province-northern-iran
#6
Seyed Hassan Nikookar, Mahmoud Fazeli-Dinan, Shahyad Azari-Hamidian, Seyed Nouraddin Mousavi Nasab, Mohsen Aarabi, Seyyed Payman Ziapour, Ahmadali Enayati, Janet Hemingway
Mosquitoes are important vectors of human and animal diseases. This study updates current knowledge on fauna, dominance, and distribution of mosquitoes in Mazandaran Province, Northern Iran, to inform disease control effort. Larval collections, using standard dippers or droppers, and adult collections, using total catches, shelter pits, CDC light traps, and human landing catches, were performed monthly in 30 villages across 16 counties, from May to December 2014. Ovitraps, baited with hay infusion as oviposition attractants or stimulants for Aedes (Stegomyia) mosquitoes, were installed in each village and inspected weekly for eggs...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324734/notice-to-readers-new-web-location-for-weekly-and-annual-nndss-data
#7
(no author information available yet)
To improve the usability, availability, quality, and timeliness of surveillance data as part of the CDC Surveillance Strategy (1), CDC now provides users a convenient way to access notifiable infectious and noninfectious disease data through the National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (NNDSS) website.
January 12, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324733/antibiotics-dispensed-to-privately-insured-pregnant-women-with-urinary-tract-infections-united-states-2014
#8
Elizabeth C Ailes, April D Summers, Emmy L Tran, Suzanne M Gilboa, Kathryn E Arnold, Dana Meaney-Delman, Jennita Reefhuis
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) occur in about 8% of pregnant women, and untreated UTIs can have serious consequences, including pyelonephritis, preterm labor, low birth weight, and sepsis (1). Pregnant women are typically screened for UTIs during early pregnancy, and those with bacteriuria are treated with antibiotics (1,2). Antibiotic stewardship is critical to improving patient safety and to combating antibiotic resistance. Because of the potential risk for birth defects, including anencephaly, heart defects, and orofacial clefts, associated with use of sulfonamides and nitrofurantoin during pregnancy (3), a 2011 committee opinion from the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) recommended that sulfonamides and nitrofurantoin may be prescribed in the first trimester of pregnancy only when other antimicrobial therapies are deemed clinically inappropriate (4)...
January 12, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324732/tobacco-product-use-among-military-veterans-united-states-2010-2015
#9
Satomi Odani, Israel T Agaku, Corinne M Graffunder, Michael A Tynan, Brian S Armour
In 2015, an estimated 18.8 million U.S. adults were military veterans (1). Although the prevalence of tobacco-attributable conditions is high among veterans (2), there is a paucity of data on use of tobacco products, other than cigarettes, in this population. To monitor tobacco product use among veterans, CDC analyzed self-reported current (i.e., past 30-day) use of five tobacco product types (cigarettes, cigars [big cigars, cigarillos, or little cigars], roll-your-own tobacco, pipes, and smokeless tobacco [chewing tobacco, snuff, dip, or snus]) from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH)...
January 12, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324727/frequent-exertion-and-frequent-standing-at-work-by-industry-and-occupation-group-united-states-2015
#10
Taylor M Shockey, Sara E Luckhaupt, Matthew R Groenewold, Ming-Lun Lu
Repeated exposure to occupational ergonomic hazards, such as frequent exertion (repetitive bending or twisting) and frequent standing, can lead to injuries, most commonly musculoskeletal disorders (1). Work-related musculoskeletal disorders have been estimated to cost the United States approximately $2.6 billion in annual direct and indirect costs (2). A recent literature review provided evidence that prolonged standing at work also leads to adverse health outcomes, such as back pain, physical fatigue, and muscle pain (3)...
January 12, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324726/hiv-infection-and-hiv-associated-behaviors-among-persons-who-inject-drugs-20-cities-united-states-2015
#11
Janet C Burnett, Dita Broz, Michael W Spiller, Cyprian Wejnert, Gabriela Paz-Bailey
In the United States, 9% of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections diagnosed in 2015 were attributed to injection drug use (1). In 2015, 79% of diagnoses of HIV infection among persons who inject drugs occurred in urban areas (2). To monitor the prevalence of HIV infection and associated behaviors among persons who inject drugs, CDC's National HIV Behavioral Surveillance (NHBS) conducts interviews and HIV testing in selected metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs) (3). The prevalence of HIV infection among persons who inject drugs in 20 MSAs in 2015 was 7%...
January 12, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324725/west-nile-virus-and-other-nationally-notifiable-arboviral-diseases-united-states-2016
#12
Alexis Burakoff, Jennifer Lehman, Marc Fischer, J Erin Staples, Nicole P Lindsey
Arthropod-borne viruses (arboviruses) are transmitted to humans primarily through the bites of infected mosquitoes and ticks. West Nile virus (WNV) is the leading cause of domestically acquired arboviral disease in the continental United States (1,2). Other arboviruses, including La Crosse, Powassan, Jamestown Canyon, St. Louis encephalitis, and eastern equine encephalitis viruses, cause sporadic cases of disease and occasional outbreaks. This report summarizes surveillance data reported to CDC for 2016 for nationally notifiable arboviruses...
January 12, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324561/nursing-minimum-data-sets-for-documenting-nutritional-care-for-adults-in-primary-healthcare-a-scoping-review
#13
Sasja Jul Håkonsen, Preben Ulrich Pedersen, Merete Bjerrum, Ann Bygholm, Micah D J Peters
OBJECTIVE: To identify all published nutritional screening instruments that have been validated in the adult population in primary healthcare settings and to report on their psychometric validity. INTRODUCTION: Within health care, there is an urgent need for the systematic collection of nursing care data in order to make visible what nurses do and to facilitate comparison, quality assurance, management, research and funding of nursing care. To be effective, nursing records should accurately and comprehensively document all required information to support safe and high quality care of patients...
January 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322056/field-evaluation-of-outdoor-ultra-low-volume-ulv-applications-against-phlebotomine-sand-flies-diptera-psychodidae-in-al-rabta-north-west-of-libya
#14
Mostafa Ramahdan Dokhan, Mohamed Amin Kenawy, Taher Shaibi, Badereddin Bashir Annajar
Background: Al Rabta is a rural area in the North-West of Libya that represents an important focus of zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of Ultra Low Volume (ULV) applications in controlling sand flies and its impact on leishmaniasis transmission in this area. Methods: Two neighboring villages were selected: Al Rabta West (RW) as cypermethrin treated village and Al Rabta East (RE) as check one. The ULV was evaluated through 3 spraying cycles during Apr, Jun and Sep 2013...
September 2017: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320544/diversity-patterns-leishmania-dna-detection-and-bloodmeal-identification-of-phlebotominae-sand-flies-in-villages-in-northern-colombia
#15
Camila González, Cielo León, Andrea Paz, Marla López, Gisell Molina, Diana Toro, Mario Ortiz, Juan Manuel Cordovez, María Claudia Atencia, Germán Aguilera, Catalina Tovar
Leishmaniases are neglected tropical diseases exhibiting complex transmission cycles due to the number of parasite species circulating, sand fly species acting as vectors and infected mammals, including humans, which are defined in the New World as accidental hosts. However, current transmission scenarios are changing, and the disease is no longer exclusively related to forested areas but urban transmission foci occur, involving some species of domestic animals as suspected reservoirs. The aim of this study was to determine the transmission cycles in urban environments by evaluating sand fly diversity, detection of Leishmania DNA, and bloodmeal sources through intra and peridomestic collections...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319627/opioid-prescription-morbidity-and-mortality-in-us-transplant-recipients
#16
Kevin C Abbott, Chyng-Wen Fwu, Paul W Eggers, Anne W Eggers, Prudence P Kline, Paul L Kimmel
BACKGROUND: CDC guidelines recommend caution in prescribing opioids for chronic pain. The characteristics of opioid prescription (OpRx) among kidney transplant (KTx) recipients has not been described in a national population. METHODS: We assessed OpRx prevalence among prevalent KTx recipients, and associated duration (chronic, defined as ≥90 days in a year) and dosing (in morphine milligram equivalents per day, MME, of <50, 50-89, and ≥90) with outcomes, death and graft loss, among incident KTx recipients using 2006-2010 US Renal Data System files, including Medicare Part D for medication ascertainment...
January 10, 2018: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317875/diagnostic-accuracy-of-loop-mediated-isothermal-amplification-assay-as-a-field-molecular-tool-for-rapid-mass-screening-of-old-world-leishmania-infections-in-sand-flies-and-in-vitro-culture
#17
Mehdi Ghodrati, Adel Spotin, Teimour Hazratian, Mahmoud Mahami-Oskouei, Ali Bordbar, Sahar Ebrahimi, Shirzad Fallahi, Parviz Parvizi
Background: We employed a highly sensitive loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) by targeting 18S rRNA gene to identify the rapid mass screening of Leishmania infections in captured sand flies of southwest Iran and In vitro culture. Methods: One hundred fifty sand flies were collected from 11 sites adjacent to Iraqi's borders in southern parts of Khuzestan Province by using sticky sheets of paper and CDC miniature light traps during late May 2014 to Nov 2015...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317608/epigenetics-and-cerebral-organoids-promising-directions-in-autism-spectrum-disorders
#18
REVIEW
Sheena Louise Forsberg, Mirolyuba Ilieva, Tanja Maria Michel
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) affect 1 in 68 children in the US according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). It is characterized by impairments in social interactions and communication, restrictive and repetitive patterns of behaviors, and interests. Owing to disease complexity, only a limited number of treatment options are available mainly for children that alleviate but do not cure the debilitating symptoms. Studies confirm a genetic link, but environmental factors, such as medications, toxins, and maternal infection during pregnancy, as well as birth complications also play a role...
January 10, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316967/ecological-distribution-and-population-dynamics-of-rift-valley-fever-virus-mosquito-vectors-diptera-culicidae-in-senegal
#19
Biram Biteye, Assane G Fall, Mamadou Ciss, Momar T Seck, Andrea Apolloni, Moussa Fall, Annelise Tran, Geoffrey Gimonneau
BACKGROUND: Many zoonotic infectious diseases have emerged and re-emerged over the last two decades. There has been a significant increase in vector-borne diseases due to climate variations that lead to environmental changes favoring the development and adaptation of vectors. This study was carried out to improve knowledge of the ecology of mosquito vectors involved in the transmission of Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) in Senegal. METHODS: An entomological survey was conducted in three Senegalese agro-systems, Senegal River Delta (SRD), Senegal River Valley (SRV) and Ferlo, during the rainy season (July to November) of 2014 and 2015...
January 9, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316825/on-surmounting-the-barriers-to-hpv-vaccination-we-can-do-better
#20
Aria C Attia, Judith Wolf, Ana Nuñez
The major impediment to increased HPV vaccination coverage in young males and females is lack of health care provider recommendation. Despite its efficacy in preventing cervical cancer, HPV vaccination in females (49.5%) and males (37.5%) ages 13 through 17 falls well below the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) Healthy People 2020 target of 80% coverage. Parents' willingness to vaccinate their child has been shown to be much higher when physicians share personal vaccination decisions for their own children as well as what other parents have done at that particular clinic...
January 10, 2018: Annals of Medicine
keyword
keyword
32774
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"