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Thoracic paravertebral block

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033726/ultrasound-guided-multilevel-paravertebral-block-versus-local-anesthesia-for-medical-thoracoscopy
#1
Maha A Abo-Zeid, Mohammad M Elgamal, Asem A Hewidy, Amro A Moawad, Alaa Eldin Adel Elmaddawy
BACKGROUND: Local anesthetic infiltration for medical thoracoscopy has an analgesic properties for short duration. Single injection thoracic paravertebral block (PVB) provides limited analgesia. PURPOSE: Comparison between thoracic PVB performed at two or three levels with local infiltration for anesthetic adequacy in adult medical thoracoscopy as a primary outcome and postthoracoscopic analgesia and pulmonary function as secondary outcomes for adult medical thoracoscopy...
October 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982906/survival-analysis-of-patients-with-breast-cancer-undergoing-a-modified-radical-mastectomy-with-or-without-a-thoracic-paravertebral-block-a-5-year-follow-up-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Manoj Kumar Karmakar, Winnie Samy, Anna Lee, Jia Wei Li, Wing Cheong Chan, Phoon Ping Chen, Ban C H Tsui
AIM: This 5-year prospective follow-up of women randomized to general anesthesia (GA) with or without a thoracic paravertebral block (TPVB) examined the risk of local recurrence, metastasis and mortality after breast cancer surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 180 patients undergoing modified radical mastectomy were randomized to one of three study groups: standardized GA only; GA with a single-injection TPVB (s-TPVB) and placebo paravertebral infusion after surgery for 72-h; and GA plus with continuous TPVB (c-TPVB) for 72-h postoperatively...
October 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955005/accurate-diagnosis-of-chronic-low-back-pain-in-a-high-level-college-athlete-a-case-report
#3
Kenji Yokoyama, Kazuta Yamashita, Masatoshi Morimoto, Fumitake Tezuka, Fumio Hayashi, Yoichiro Takata, Toshinori Sakai, Kosaku Higashino, Takashi Chikawa, Hiroshi Yonezu, Akihiro Nagamachi, Koichi Sairyo
A 21-year-old woman who was high-level college softball player presented with a 6-month history of low back pain that had been treated unsuccessfully by medication at local clinics. There was tenderness in the left paravertebral muscle at the lower lumbar level. X-ray and computed tomography revealed congenital scoliosis and an L6 hemivertebra. Short tau inversion recovery magnetic resonance imaging showed a fluid collection at the left L6-S1 facet joint. We performed a diagnostic facet injection, consisting of 1% lidocaine and steroids, that was infiltrated into the left facet joint at L6-S1...
2017: Journal of Medical Investigation: JMI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937423/deep-serratus-plane-catheter-for-management-of-acute-postthoracotomy-pain-after-descending-aortic-aneurysm-repair-in-a-morbidly-obese-patient-a-case-report
#4
Renuka M George, Maria Yared, Sylvia H Wilson
Regional procedures for postthoracotomy pain control have classically focused on paravertebral blocks and thoracic epidurals; however, these techniques may be challenging in an increasingly obese population and contraindicated with numerous anticoagulant and antiplatelet agents. While less studied, truncal blocks allow analgesic intervention for this growing patient cohort. This case report describes placement of a deep serratus anterior plane catheter in an intubated, morbidly obese patient with a lumbar drain who failed extubation secondary to acute postthoracotomy pain...
September 20, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924315/comparison-between-continuous-thoracic-epidural-block-and-continuous-thoracic-paravertebral-block-in-the-management-of-thoracic-trauma
#5
Shalendra Singh, Mathews Jacob, S Hasnain, Mathangi Krishnakumar
BACKGROUND: Postoperative pain is thought to be the single most important factor leading to ineffective ventilation and impaired secretion clearance after thoracic trauma. Effective pain relief can be provided by thoracic epidural analgesia but may have side effects or contraindications. Paravertebral block is an effective alternative method without the side effects of a thoracic epidural. We did this study to compare efficacy of thoracic epidural and paravertebral block in providing analgesia to thoracic trauma patients...
April 2017: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913488/bilateral-thoracic-paravertebral-nerve-blocks-for-placement-of-percutaneous-radiologic-gastrostomy-in-patients-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-a-case-series
#6
Arun Kalava, Steven Clendenen, J Mark McKinney, Elird Bojaxhi, Roy A Greengrass
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To assess the efficacy of bilateral thoracic paravertebral nerve blocks (PVB) in providing procedural anesthesia and post-procedural analgesia for placement of percutaneous radiologic gastrostomy tubes (PRG) in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). METHODS: We prospectively observed 10 patients with ALS scheduled for PRG placement that had bilateral thoracic PVBs at thoracic 7, 8, and 9 levels with administration of a mixture of 3 mL of 1% ropivacaine, 0...
October 2016: Rom J Anaesth Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857802/paravertebral-block-does-not-reduce-cancer-recurrence-but-is-related-to-higher-overall-survival-in-lung-cancer-surgery-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#7
Eun Kyung Lee, Hyun Joo Ahn, Jae Ill Zo, Kyunga Kim, Dae Myung Jung, Joo Hyun Park
BACKGROUND: Postoperative analgesic methods are suggested to have an impact on long-term prognosis after cancer surgery through opioid-induced immune suppression. We hypothesized that regional analgesia that reduces the systemic opioid requirement would be related to lower cancer recurrence and higher overall survival compared to intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) for lung cancer surgery. METHODS: Records for all patients who underwent open thoracotomy for curative resection of primary lung cancer between 2009 and 2013 in a tertiary care hospital were retrospectively analyzed...
October 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854556/approach-affects-injectate-spread-in-ultrasound-guided-thoracic-paravertebral-block-a-cadaveric-trial
#8
Y Taketa, T Fujitani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846539/catheterization-in-an-ultrasound-guided-thoracic-paravertebral-block%C3%A2-using-thoracoscopy
#9
T Fujii, Y Shibata, Y Ban, A Shitaokoshi, K Nishiwaki
Thoracic paravertebral block (TPVB) is an efficient alternative to epidural anesthesia. The location of a catheter within the thoracic paravertebral space (TPVS) has been examined in the human cadaver studies, but it is unclear how it goes into the TPVS during catheterization. In this report, thoracoscopy was used to observe the thoracic cavity in real-time during a parasagittal in-plane approach of ultrasound-guided TPVB. During thoracoscopy, we observed whether a paravertebral catheter could be advanced caudally beyond the ribs into the neighboring TPVS...
March 2017: Asian J Anesthesiol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836025/anatomical-topography-of-the-inferior-lumbar-triangle-for-transversus-abdominis-block
#10
Gkionoul Nteli Chatzioglou, Hassan Bagheri, Yelda Pinar, Figen Govsa
BACKGROUND: Rapid development of anesthetic techniques of thoracic paravertebral block required to redefine anatomical landmarks of the inferior lumbar (Petit) triangle (ILT). Anesthesiologists are mainly interested in the ILT to perform the transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block. The aim of this study was to provide comprehensive information of the ILT to improve the success of TAP block. METHODS: Descriptional anatomy of ILTs such as dimensions, space, area, and types was analyzed in 25 preserved adult male cadavers...
August 23, 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762464/the-mid-point-transverse-process-to-pleura-mtp-block-a-new-end-point-for-thoracic-paravertebral-block
#11
I Costache, L de Neumann, C J Ramnanan, S L Goodwin, A Pawa, F W Abdallah, C J L McCartney
Current descriptions of thoracic paravertebral block techniques require the needle tip to be anterior to the superior costotransverse ligament. We hypothesised that an injection point midway between the posterior border of the transverse process and the pleura would result in spread to the paravertebral space. We completed bilateral injections of 5 ml methylene blue 0.2% midway between the posterior border of the transverse process and the pleura at T2, T4, T6, T8 and T10 in three unembalmed cadavers. The presence of methylene blue dye at the nerve root in the paravertebral space, the corresponding intercostal nerve and sympathetic chain at the level of injection, and at additional levels, was examined...
August 1, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744155/efficacy-of-single-injection-unilateral-thoracic-paravertebral-block-for-post-open-cholecystectomy-pain-relief-a-prospective-randomized-study-at-gondar-university-hospital
#12
Demeke Yilkal Fentie, Endale Gebreegziabher Gebremedhn, Zewditu Abdissa Denu, Amare Hailekiros Gebreegzi
BACKGROUND: Cholecystectomy can be associated with considerable postoperative pain. While the benefits of paravertebral block (PVB) on pain after thoracotomy and mastectomy have been demonstrated, not enough investigations on the effects of PVB on pain after open cholecystectomy have been conducted. We tested the hypothesis that a single-injection thoracic PVB reduces pain scores, decreases opioid consumption, and prolongs analgesic request time after cholecystectomy. METHODS: Of 52 patients recruited, 50 completed the study...
2017: Local and Regional Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740682/combined-analgesic-treatment-of-epidural-and-paravertebral-block-after-thoracic-surgery
#13
Yujiro Yokoyama, Takahiro Nakagomi, Daichi Shikata, Taichiro Goto
In pulmonary surgical practice, appropriate pain management after thoracotomy is essential for patient recovery and the prevention of complications. Although epidural analgesia (EPI) has been established for chest surgery, it has some limitations and contraindications. Recently, paravertebral block (PVB) was reported as a good alternative method with fewer side effects. Despite the significant effects of these two treatments, postoperative pain remains among the greatest patient burdens. In our institution, we apply a combination of epidural and PVBs after thoracic surgery to reduce pain more effectively...
June 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731925/thoracic-paravertebral-block-for-postoperative-pain-management-after-renal-surgery-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
Maja Copik, Szymon Bialka, Andrzej Daszkiewicz, Hanna Misiolek
BACKGROUND: Thoracic paravertebral block (ThPVB) combined with general anaesthesia is used in thoracic and general surgery. It provides effective analgesia, reduces surgical stress response and the incidence of chronic postoperative pain. OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of ThPVB in reducing opioid requirements and decreasing the intensity of pain after renal surgery. DESIGN: A randomised, open label study. SETTING: A single university hospital...
September 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728944/ultrasound-guided-thoracic-paravertebral-block-cadaveric-study-in-foxes-vulpes-vulpes
#15
Paolo Monticelli, Ian Jones, Jaime Viscasillas
OBJECTIVE: To describe an ultrasound-guided thoracic paravertebral block in canidae. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, experimental, cadaveric study. ANIMALS: Twelve thawed fox cadavers. METHODS: A 15 MHz linear transducer was used to visualize the paravertebral space at the level of the fifth thoracic vertebrae. Iohexol (300 mg mL(-1)) at 0.2 mL kg(-1) was injected into the right and left paravertebral spaces under ultrasound guidance using a Tuohy needle...
March 22, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721091/comparison-of-single-injection-ultrasound-guided-approach-versus-multilevel-landmark-based-approach-for-thoracic-paravertebral-blockade-for-breast-tumor-resection-a-retrospective-analysis-at-a-tertiary-care-teaching-institution
#16
Jagroop Singh Saran, Amie L Hoefnagel, Kristin A Skinner, Changyong Feng, Daryl Irving Smith
BACKGROUND: The role of thoracic paravertebral blockade (TPVB) in decreasing opioid requirements in breast cancer surgery is well documented, and there is mounting evidence that this may improve survival and reduce the rate of malignancy recurrence following cancer-related mastectomy. We compared the two techniques currently in use at our institution, the anatomic landmark-guided (ALG) multilevel versus an ultrasound-guided (USG) single injection, to determine an optimal technique. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed records of patients who received TPVB from January 2013 to December 2014...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679359/bilateral-thoracic-paravertebral-block-for-immediate-postoperative-pain-relief-in-the-pacu-a-prospective-observational-study
#17
Fei Liu, HuanKai Zhang, Yunxia Zuo
BACKGROUND: To investigate the feasibility, effectiveness and safety of bilateral thoracic paravertebral block (TPVB) in the post anesthesia care unit (PACU) for pain relief in participants after laparotomy. METHODS: A single shot of bilateral TPVB with 25 ml of 0.2% ropivacaine and 5 mg dexamethasone in combination for both sides at the 8th thoracic transverse level (T8) was performed on 201 participants who complained moderate to severe pain on arrival to PACU after laparotomy...
July 5, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665874/single-injection-versus-multiple-injection-technique-of-ultrasound-guided-paravertebral-blocks-a-randomized-controlled-study-comparing-dermatomal-spread
#18
Vishal Uppal, Rakesh V Sondekoppam, Parvinder Sodhi, David Johnston, Sugantha Ganapathy
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to investigate the extent of dermatomal spread following an ultrasound-guided thoracic paravertebral block (PVB) when equal volumes of local anesthetic are injected at 1 versus 5 vertebral levels. METHODS: Seventy patients undergoing a unilateral mastectomy were randomized to receive either single or multiple injections of a PVB under real-time ultrasound guidance using a parasagittal approach. The patients in the single-injection group received a PVB at T3-T4 level with 25 mL of 0...
September 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663622/comparative-evaluation-of-continuous-thoracic-paravertebral-block-and-thoracic-epidural-analgesia-techniques-for-post-operative-pain-relief-in-patients-undergoing-open-nephrectomy-a-prospective-randomized-single-blind-study
#19
Sujeet Kumar Singh Gautam, Pravin Kumar Das, Anil Agarwal, Sanjay Kumar, Sanjay Dhiraaj, Abhishek Keshari, Abinash Patro
BACKGROUND: Open surgical procedures are associated with substantial postoperative pain; an alternative method providing adequate pain relief with minimal side effects is very much required. AIM: The aim of this study was a comparative evaluation of the efficacy of continuous thoracic paravertebral block (PVB) and thoracic epidural analgesia (EA) for postoperative pain relief in patients undergoing open nephrectomy. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, and single-blind study...
April 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635359/thoracic-paravertebral-block-versus-intravenous-patient-controlled-analgesia-for-pain-treatment-in-patients-with-multiple-rib-fractures
#20
Ge Yeying, Yuan Liyong, Chen Yuebo, Zhang Yu, Ye Guangao, Ma Weihu, Zhao Liujun
Objectives To assess the effect of thoracic paravertebral block (PVB) on pain management and preservation of pulmonary function compared with intravenous, patient-controlled analgesia (IVPCA) in patients with multiple rib fractures (MRFs). Methods Ninety patients with unilateral MRFs were included in this prospective study and randomly assigned to the TPVB or IVPCA group. The visual analogue scale (VAS) pain score, blood gas analysis, and bedside spirometry were measured and recorded at different time points after analgesia...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
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