keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Ankle block

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904694/soluble-flt-1-improves-the-repair-of-ankle-joint-injury-in-rats
#1
Jing Tian, Bing Xie, Liangbi Xiang, Yong Zhao, Dapeng Zhou
The ankle injuries create great pain to a great number of patients worldwide. Past studies have focused on the development of practical treatments to relieve pain and improve recovery, but the molecular mechanisms underlying the ankle injuries, especially the local inflammation in the damaged ankle joint, have been rarely studied. Moreover, although reduction of production and secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines may reduce the pain and promote the recovery, a practical approach is currently lacking. Here, we detected significantly higher levels of placental growth factor (PLGF) and pro-inflammatory cytokines in the joint fluid from the patients of acute ankle joint injury (AAJI)...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902645/effect-of-nerve-stimulation-use-on-the-success-rate-of-ultrasound-guided-subsartorial-saphenous-nerve-block-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Shaylyn H Montgomery, Colleen M Shamji, Grace S Yi, Cynthia H Yarnold, Stephen J Head, Scott C Bell, Stephan K W Schwarz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Ultrasound-guided subsartorial saphenous nerve block is commonly used to provide complete surgical anesthesia of the foot and ankle in combination with a popliteal sciatic nerve block. However, in part owing to its small caliber and absence of a prominent vascular landmark in the subsartorial plane distal to the adductor canal, the saphenous nerve is more difficult to reliably block than the sciatic nerve in the popliteal fossa. Although the saphenous nerve is a sensory nerve only, neurostimulation can be used to elicit a "tapping" sensation on the anteromedial aspect of the lower leg extending toward the medial malleolus...
November 29, 2016: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872123/effect-of-external-ankle-support-on-ankle-and-knee-biomechanics-during-the-cutting-maneuver-in-basketball-players
#3
Nardia-Rose Klem, Catherine Y Wild, Sian A Williams, Leo Ng
BACKGROUND: Despite the high prevalence of lower extremity injuries in female basketball players as well as a high proportion of athletes who wear ankle braces, there is a paucity of research pertaining to the effects of ankle bracing on ankle and knee biomechanics during basketball-specific tasks. PURPOSE: To compare the effects of a lace-up brace (ASO), a hinged brace (Active T2), and no ankle bracing (control) on ankle and knee joint kinematics and joint reaction forces in female basketball athletes during a cutting maneuver...
November 21, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852382/-effect-comparison-of-ultrasound-guided-lower-extremity-nerve-block-and-spinal-anesthesia-in-ankle-surgery
#4
L L Yang, J S Ji, Z W Zhao, W Wang, S Luo, Y C Mo, J L Wang
Objective: To compare the anesthesia effect between ultrasound-guided lower extremity nerve block and spinal anesthesia in ankle surgery. Methods: Upon the approval of institutional Ethics Committee and informed consent, 80 patients American Society of Anesthesiology (ASA)Ⅰ-Ⅱaged 18-70 yr, undergoing ankle surgery from December 2014 to May 2015 in the Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Wen Zhou Medical College, were randomly divided by random numbers into two groups (n=40): nerve block group (group N) and spinal anesthesia (group S)...
November 8, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845668/quantitative-eeg-evaluation-during-robot-assisted-foot-movement
#5
Emanuela Formaggio, Stefano Masiero, Anna Bosco, Federica Izzi, Francesco Piccione, Alessandra Del Felice
Passive and imagined limb movements induce changes in cerebral oscillatory activity. Central modulatory effects play a role in plastic changes, and are of uttermost importance in rehabilitation. This has extensively been studied for upper limb, but less is known for lower limb. The aim of this study is to investigate the topographical distribution of event-related desynchronization/synchronization (ERD/ERS) and task-related coherence during a robot-assisted and a motor imagery task of lower limb in healthy subjects to inform rehabilitation paradigms...
November 9, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775097/involvement-of-p2x7-receptor-signaling-on-regulating-the-differentiation-of-th17-cells-and-type-ii-collagen-induced-arthritis-in-mice
#6
Zhi-Dan Fan, Ya-Yuan Zhang, Yi-Hong Guo, Na Huang, Hui-Hui Ma, Hui Huang, Hai-Guo Yu
Interleukin (IL)-17 producing T helper (Th17) cells are major effector cells in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The P2X7 receptor (P2X7R) has emerged as a potential site in the regulation of inflammation in RA but little is known of its functional role on the differentiation of Th17 cells. This study investigates the in vitro and in vivo effects of P2X7R on Th17 cell differentiation during type II collagen (CII) induced experimental arthritis model. In CII-treated dendritic cells (DCs) and DC/CD4(+) T coculture system, pretreatment with pharmacological antagonists of P2X7R (Suramin and A-438079) caused strong inhibition of production of Th17-promoting cytokines (IL-1β, TGF-β1, IL-23p19 and IL-6)...
October 24, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766077/no-decrease-in-muscle-strength-after-botulinum-neurotoxin-a-injection-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#7
Meta N Eek, Kate Himmelmann
Spasticity and muscle weakness is common in children with cerebral palsy (CP). Spasticity can be treated with botulinum neurotoxin-A (BoNT-A), but this drug has also been reported to induce muscle weakness. Our purpose was to describe the effect on muscle strength in the lower extremities after BoNT-A injections in children with CP. A secondary aim was to relate the effect of BoNT-A to gait pattern and range of motion. Twenty children with spastic CP were included in the study, 8 girls and 12 boys (mean age 7...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754129/os-25-04-the-changes-of-arterial-stiffness-monitored-with-cardio-ankle-vascular-index-cavi-during-raised-intracranial-pressure-in-the-rabbit
#8
Chikao Miyazaki, Mao Takahashi, Kazuhiro Shimizu, Tatsuo Chiba, Takenori Morisita, Tomoyuki Yamamoto, Nobuo Sugo, Akira Takahara, Kohji Shirai
OBJECTIVE: Cardio ankle vascular index (CAVI) is reflecting stiffness of the arterial tree from the origin of aorta to the ankles. We observed elevated CAVI in patients who suffered from apoplexy attack. To clarify the role and the mechanism by which arterial stiffness elevated just after apoplexy attack, the effect of enhanced intracranial pressure (ICP) by injecting saline into the cisterna magna of the rabbit on blood pressure, CAVI and cervical blood flow, were studied. Furthermore the role of sympathetic nerve was studied...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27735787/the-ankle-injury-management-aim-trial-a-pragmatic-multicentre-equivalence-randomised-controlled-trial-and-economic-evaluation-comparing-close-contact-casting-with-open-surgical-reduction-and-internal-fixation-in-the-treatment-of-unstable-ankle-fractures-in
#9
David J Keene, Dipesh Mistry, Julian Nam, Elizabeth Tutton, Robert Handley, Lesley Morgan, Emma Roberts, Bridget Gray, Andrew Briggs, Ranjit Lall, Tim Js Chesser, Ian Pallister, Sarah E Lamb, Keith Willett
BACKGROUND: Close contact casting (CCC) may offer an alternative to open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) surgery for unstable ankle fractures in older adults. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to (1) determine if CCC for unstable ankle fractures in adults aged over 60 years resulted in equivalent clinical outcome compared with ORIF, (2) estimate cost-effectiveness to the NHS and society and (3) explore participant experiences. DESIGN: A pragmatic, multicentre, equivalence randomised controlled trial incorporating health economic evaluation and qualitative study...
October 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734925/an-optogenetic-demonstration-of-motor-modularity-in-the-mammalian-spinal-cord
#10
Vittorio Caggiano, Vincent C K Cheung, Emilio Bizzi
Motor modules are neural entities hypothesized to be building blocks of movement construction. How motor modules are underpinned by neural circuits has remained obscured. As a first step towards dissecting these circuits, we optogenetically evoked motor outputs from the lumbosacral spinal cord of two strains of transgenic mice - the Chat, with channelrhodopsin (ChR2) expressed in motoneurons, and the Thy1, expressed in putatively excitatory neurons. Motor output was represented as a spatial field of isometric ankle force...
October 13, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693959/long-term-effects-of-lateral-wedge-orthotics-on-hip-and-ankle-joint-space-widths
#11
Mehmet E Tezcan, Berna Goker, Roy Lidtke, Joel A Block
BACKGROUND: Lateral wedge insoles have been used for the treatment of medial knee osteoarthritis (OA) and have been shown to reduce loading of the medial compartment of the knee. However, as the entire lower extremity acts as a single kinetic chain, altering the biomechanics of the knee may also have significant effects at the ankles or hips. We aimed to evaluate the effects of lateral wedge orthotics on ankle and hip joints, compared to neutral orthotics, by assessing the changes in joint space width (JSW) during 36 months of continuous use...
January 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27682577/magnetic-nanogel-polymer-of-bupivacaine-for-ankle-block-in-rats
#12
Sedigheh Nadri, Hormoz Mahmoudvand, Ali Eatemadi
INTRODUCTION: In an effort of designing an alternative method for local nerve block, we demonstrated the possibility of inducing ankle block in the rat with intravenous (IV) injection of magnetic nanoparticles conjugated bupivacaine and application of a magnet at the ankle. METHODS: The anaesthetic effect of magnet-directed bupivacaine-associated MNPs (NIPAAM-MAA-bupivacaine) was tested in rat using paw withdrawal latencies from thermal stimuli on the hind paw. Thirteen (13) experimental animals were grouped into two; untreated left hind paw (control group) and test group with treated right hind paw...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Microencapsulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676800/plastic-changes-in-spinal-synaptic-transmission-following-botulinum-toxin-a-in-post-stroke-spastic-patients
#13
Marjorie Kerzoncuf, Laurent Bensoussan, Jean Michel Viton, Alain Delarque, Christiane Rossi Durand
OBJECTIVE: The therapeutic effects of intramuscular injections of botulinum toxin-type A on spasticity can be largely explained by its blocking action at the neuromuscular junction. BTx-A is assumed also to have a central action by affecting the functional organization of the CNS. The objective was to assess its action on spinal motor networks by investigating the post-activation depression (post-AD) of the soleus H-reflex in post-stroke patients. Post-AD that is a presynaptic mechanism controlling the synaptic efficacy of Ia-motoneuron transmission is involved in the pathophysiology of spasticity...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672017/effectiveness-of-headless-bioabsorbable-screws-for-fixation-of-the-scarf-osteotomy
#14
Jin Su Kim, Hun Ki Cho, Ki Won Young, Sang Young Lee, Ji Soo Kim, Kyoungtae Lee
BACKGROUND: Scarf osteotomy has been used in hallux valgus surgery due to its large fixation surface for screws and low postoperative complications. However, screws may cause skin irritation from their head, which may require an additional surgical procedure to remove. METHODS: This study included 115 patients (106 females and 9 males, 115 feet) who underwent hallux valgus correction with a scarf osteotomy using bioabsorbable screws between September 2010 and September 2012...
November 2016: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643056/os-25-04-the-changes-of-arterial-stiffness-monitored-with-cardio-ankle-vascular-index-cavi-during-raised-intracranial-pressure-in-the-rabbit
#15
Chikao Miyazaki, Mao Takahashi, Kazuhiro Shimizu, Tatsuo Chiba, Takenori Morisita, Tomoyuki Yamamoto, Nobuo Sugo, Akira Takahara, Kohji Shirai
OBJECTIVE: Cardio ankle vascular index (CAVI) is reflecting stiffness of the arterial tree from the origin of aorta to the ankles. We observed elevated CAVI in patients who suffered from apoplexy attack. To clarify the role and the mechanism by which arterial stiffness elevated just after apoplexy attack, the effect of enhanced intracranial pressure (ICP) by injecting saline into the cisterna magna of the rabbit on blood pressure, CAVI and cervical blood flow, were studied. Furthermore the role of sympathetic nerve was studied...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623732/comparison-of-all-inside-arthroscopic-and-open-techniques-for-the-modified-brostr%C3%A3-m-procedure-for-ankle-instability
#16
Eui Dong Yeo, Kyung-Tai Lee, Il-Hoon Sung, Sun Geun Lee, Young Koo Lee
BACKGROUND: No reported study has compared clinical and radiologic outcomes between an all-inside arthroscopic modified Broström operation (MBO) and an open MBO. The purpose of this study was to compare clinical and radiologic outcomes of all-inside arthroscopic and open MBOs. METHODS: From August 2012 to July 2014, 48 patients were included. They were divided into 2 groups: all-inside arthroscopic MBO (25 patients) and open MBO (23 patients). The American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot score, visual analog scale (VAS) score, and Karlsson score were used to evaluate clinical outcomes...
October 2016: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613814/a-randomized-controlled-trial-assessing-the-effect-of-a-continuous-subcutaneous-infusion-of-local-anesthetic-following-elective-surgery-to-the-great-toe
#17
Barry Rose, Kumar Kunasingam, Tristan Barton, James Walsh, Karen Fogarty, Andrew Wines
: Local anesthetic use for wound infusions, single injection, and continuous nerve blocks for postoperative analgesia is well established. No study has investigated the effect of a continuous block of the saphenous and superficial peroneal nerves at the level of the ankle joint following first ray surgery. A double blind randomized controlled trial was designed. One hundred patients with hallux valgus and rigidus requiring surgical correction were recruited and randomized to receive a postoperative continuous infusion at the ankle of normal saline or ropivacaine for 24 hours...
September 9, 2016: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27612311/-functional-electrical-stimulation-in-a-case-of-drop-foot-and-atactic-gait-expert-assessment-of-contested-medical-aids
#18
M Schwarze, J Block, M Alimusaj, N Beckmann, M Schiltenwolf
Expert medical opinions are necessary in pretrial cases and other legal matters. They act as means of evidence for administrative bodies and courts. It may be necessary to adapt the method of evaluation depending upon the issue or subject matter to be evaluated. We report on a social court case, which needed to answer the question of the medical necessity of a functional electrical stimulation orthosis prescribed to improve the function of a drop foot accompanied by an atactic gait disorder. The claimant suffered from a stroke, which had occurred several years before...
September 9, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603354/less-wound-complications-of-a-sinus-tarsi-approach-compared-to-an-extended-lateral-approach-for-the-treatment-of-displaced-intraarticular-calcaneal-fracture-a-randomized-clinical-trial-in-64-patients
#19
Lian-Hua Li, Yong-Zhi Guo, Hao Wang, Qing-Hua Sang, Jian-Zheng Zhang, Zhi Liu, Tian-Sheng Sun
BACKGROUND: We conducted a prospective randomized clinical trial to compare the clinical and radiological outcomes of the sinus tarsi and extended lateral approaches for the surgical treatment of displaced intraarticular calcaneal fractures. METHODS: Between January 2009 and January 2014, patients with displaced intraarticular calcaneal fracture were randomly assigned to receive surgical treatment by the sinus tarsi approach or the extended lateral approach using block randomization...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598715/lower-limb-joint-kinetics-in-the-starting-blocks-and-first-stance-in-athletic-sprinting
#20
Adam Brazil, Timothy Exell, Cassie Wilson, Steffen Willwacher, Ian Bezodis, Gareth Irwin
The aim of this study was to examine lower limb joint kinetics during the block and first stance phases in athletic sprinting. Ten male sprinters (100 m PB, 10.50 ± 0.27 s) performed maximal sprint starts from blocks. External force (1000 Hz) and three-dimensional kinematics (250 Hz) were recorded in both the block (utilising instrumented starting blocks) and subsequent first stance phases. Ankle, knee and hip resultant joint moment, power and work were calculated at the rear and front leg during the block phase and during first stance using inverse dynamics...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
keyword
keyword
32771
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"