keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Nonverbal

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165720/-relationship-strain-parkinson-s-disease-gender-specific-distress-of-partners-of-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#1
Christoph Braukhaus, Uwe Jahnke, Tanja Zimmermann
A Parkinson's disease is attended by high strain for the patients and an obvious loss of relationship functioning. Partners of patients (N=110) were evaluated via self-assessment in terms of own depression (PHQ-9), own fear of progression (PA-F-P-KF), relationship quality (PFB) as well as perceived deficits in everyday life and nonverbal communication. 26% of women and 11% of men showed depression scores, 51% of women and 41% of men dysfunctional fear of progression and about 60% were unsatisfied with their relationship...
November 17, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162753/assessment-of-pain-in-the-elderly-a-literature-review
#2
REVIEW
Yoon-Sook Kim, Jae-Min Park, Yeon-Sil Moon, Seol-Heui Han
BACKGROUND: Pain perception is highly subjective, and effective pain management can be challenging in the elderly. We aimed to identify a set of practical measures that could be used to assess pain in elderly patients with or without cognitive impairment, as the first step towards effectively managing their pain. METHODS: We used the PRISMA guidelines for this literature review. Two reviewers independently assessed titles, abstracts and full-text articles, and a third reviewer resolved any disagreements...
July 2017: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161891/the-significance-of-impulsive-error-in-children-with-adhd
#3
Yu-Chi Liao, Nai-Wen Guo, Shin-Jaw Chen, Hsing-Fang Tsai, Jhih-Hong Fang, Jia-Jin Chen, Bei-Yi Su
A deficit of inhibition ability is a neuropsychological problem in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). We investigated whether in children who made impulsive error (IE), less error-related negativity (ERN) would correlate with poorer executive attention functions (EAFs). Ninety children (49 with ADHD and 41 without ADHD) were investigated by a 4-minute simple reaction time task and simultaneous electroencephalogram. When they made IE, the ERN in response-locked event-related potential (ERP) was defined as error awareness...
November 1, 2017: Clinical EEG and Neuroscience: Official Journal of the EEG and Clinical Neuroscience Society (ENCS)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161137/pragmatic-competence-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-impact-of-theory-of-mind-verbal-working-memory-adhd-symptoms-and-structural-language
#4
Inmaculada Baixauli-Fortea, Ana Miranda Casas, Carmen Berenguer-Forner, Carla Colomer-Diago, Belén Roselló-Miranda
The primary aim of this study is to increase the existing knowledge about the pragmatic skills of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Specifically, the study has two objectives. The first is to provide a profile of characteristics based on The Children's Communication Checklist (CCC-2) pragmatics scales (inappropriate initiation, stereotyped language, use of context, nonverbal communication, and general pragmatics) and narrative task indicators. To this end, children with ASD will be compared to children with typical development (TD), controlling the effects of sex and structural language (speech, syntax, semantics, coherence)...
November 21, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159038/the-cortical-signature-of-impaired-gesturing-findings-from-schizophrenia
#5
Petra Verena Viher, Katharina Stegmayer, Marek Kubicki, Sarina Karmacharya, Amanda Ellis Lyall, Andrea Federspiel, Tim Vanbellingen, Stephan Bohlhalter, Roland Wiest, Werner Strik, Sebastian Walther
Schizophrenia is characterized by deficits in gesturing that is important for nonverbal communication. Research in healthy participants and brain-damaged patients revealed a left-lateralized fronto-parieto-temporal network underlying gesture performance. First evidence from structural imaging studies in schizophrenia corroborates these results. However, as of yet, it is unclear if cortical thickness abnormalities contribute to impairments in gesture performance. We hypothesized that patients with deficits in gesture production show cortical thinning in 12 regions of interest (ROIs) of a gesture network relevant for gesture performance and recognition...
2018: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154653/symbolic-number-skills-predict-growth-in-nonsymbolic-number-skills-in-kindergarteners
#6
Ian M Lyons, Stephanie Bugden, Samuel Zheng, Stefanie De Jesus, Daniel Ansari
There is currently considerable discussion about the relative influences of evolutionary and cultural factors in the development of early numerical skills. In particular, there has been substantial debate and study of the relationship between approximate, nonverbal (approximate magnitude system [AMS]) and exact, symbolic (symbolic number system [SNS]) representations of number. Here we examined several hypotheses concerning whether, in the earliest stages of formal education, AMS abilities predict growth in SNS abilities, or the other way around...
November 20, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154033/measuring-preschool-learning-engagement-in-the-laboratory
#7
Simone E Halliday, Susan D Calkins, Esther M Leerkes
Learning engagement is a critical factor for academic achievement and successful school transitioning. However, current methods of assessing learning engagement in young children are limited to teacher report or classroom observation, which may limit the types of research questions one could assess about this construct. The current study investigated the validity of a novel assessment designed to measure behavioral learning engagement among young children in a standardized laboratory setting and examined how learning engagement in the laboratory relates to future classroom adjustment...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148607/the-art-of-oral-handovers-a-participant-observational-study-by-undergraduate-students-in-a-hospital-setting
#8
Tove Giske, Sunniva Nese Melås, Kari Anne Einarsen
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study explores the conditions for oral handovers between shifts in a hospital setting, and how these impact patient safety and quality of care. BACKGROUND: Oral handovers transfer patient information and nursing responsibilities between shifts. Short written summaries of patients can complement an oral handover. How to find the balance between a standardised protocol for handovers and tailoring variations to specific patients and situations is debated in the literature...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139196/education-and-employment-outcomes-of-young-adults-with-a-history-of-developmental-language-disorder
#9
Gina Conti-Ramsden, Kevin Durkin, Umar Toseeb, Nicola Botting, Andrew Pickles
BACKGROUND: Developmental language disorder (DLD) presents a considerable barrier for young adults to engage in further education and training. Early studies with young adults with DLD revealed poor educational achievement and lack of opportunities to progress in education. More recent studies have provided more positive findings. Relatively sparse data exist, however, on current cohorts and the factors that predict outcomes. AIMS: To examine educational and employment outcomes in young adulthood in a sample of people with histories of DLD compared with an age-matched peer group without DLD...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135445/-a-new-method-for-the-measurement-of-social-cognition-in-schizophrenia
#10
Eszter Varga, Títusz Bugya, Szilvia Endre, Róbert Herold, Réka Horváth, Orsolya Mákos, Eniko Csilla Kiss, Tamás Tényi
Impairments in social cognitive functions and their long-term effects are well known in schizophrenia. However, so far no computer application has been available to assess these functions of patients. Our study is about introducing a new computer application measuring social cognitive abilities. The program (SCAN) is available on the following link and can be downloaded for anyone: psychiatry.pote.hu › Research › Workgroups › Schizophrenia. The hypothesis of our present study was that SCAN is able to assess the social cognitive ability of patients with schizophrenia in a rapid, complex and objective way...
2017: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126347/language-profiles-in-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-community-sample-using-multiple-assessment-instruments
#11
Rose Nevill, Darren Hedley, Mirko Uljarević, Ensu Sahin, Johanna Zadek, Eric Butter, James A Mulick
This study investigated language profiles in a community-based sample of 104 children aged 1-3 years who had been diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder using Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.) diagnostic criteria. Language was assessed with the Mullen scales, Preschool Language Scale, fifth edition, and Vineland-II parent-report. The study aimed to determine whether the receptive-to-expressive language profile is independent from the assessment instrument used, and whether nonverbal cognition, early communicative behaviors, and autism spectrum disorder symptoms predict language scores...
November 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111772/aggregating-validity-indicators-the-salience-of-domain-specificity-and-the-indeterminate-range-in-multivariate-models-of-performance-validity-assessment
#12
Laszlo A Erdodi
This study was designed to examine the "domain specificity" hypothesis in performance validity tests (PVTs) and the epistemological status of an "indeterminate range" when evaluating the credibility of a neuropsychological profile using a multivariate model of performance validity assessment. While previous research suggests that aggregating PVTs produces superior classification accuracy compared to individual instruments, the effect of the congruence between the criterion and predictor variable on signal detection and the issue of classifying borderline cases remain understudied...
November 7, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105129/preliminary-study-of-a-communication-intervention-for-family-caregivers-and-spouses-with-dementia
#13
Christine L Williams, David Newman, Lena Marmstål Hammar
OBJECTIVE: This study was to designed to examine the feasibility and preliminary outcomes of CARE: Caring About Relationships and Emotions, a 10-week, home-based, intervention to support married couples affected by dementia. METHODS: Fifteen older couples participated in a single group repeated measures feasibility study. Weekly, video-recorded conversations over 10 weeks were used to rate communication using the Verbal/Nonverbal Interaction Scale for caregivers and care receivers...
November 3, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102054/cognitive-function-in-patients-on-androgen-suppression-a-prospective-multicentric-study
#14
J Morote, Á J Tabernero, J L Álvarez-Ossorio, J P Ciria, J L Domínguez-Escrig, F Vázquez, J Angulo, F J López, R de La Iglesia, J Romero
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) on cognitive performance (CP) in patients with prostate cancer (PCa) after 6 months of treatment with luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) analogues. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective, observational, multicentre, open-label study of patients diagnosed with nonmetastatic or asymptomatic metastatic PCa scheduled to receive LHRH analogues for≥6 months. We assessed four CP domains at baseline and after 6 months of ADT: 1) Working memory: Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale III (WAIS III) Digit Span Subtest (WAIS III-Digit); 2) Visual memory: ad hoc visual memory test; 3) Visuospatial ability: Judgement of Line Orientation (JLO) and Mental Rotation of Three-Dimensional Objects (3D-Rotation); and 4) Nonverbal analytical reasoning: WAIS III Matrix Reasoning Test (WAIS III-MRT)...
October 25, 2017: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098743/the-assessment-of-nonverbal-behavior-in-schizophrenia-through-the-formal-psychological-assessment
#15
Umberto Granziol, Andrea Spoto, Giulio Vidotto
The nonverbal behavior (NVB) of people diagnosed with schizophrenia consistently interacts with their symptoms during the assessment. Previous studies frequently observed such an interaction when a prevalence of negative symptoms occurred. Nonetheless, a list of NVBs linked to negative symptoms needs to be defined. Furthermore, a list of items that can exhaustively assess such NVBs is still needed. The present study aims to introduce both lists by using the Formal Psychological Assessment. A deep analysis was performed on both the scientific literature and the DSM-5 for constructing the set of nonverbal behaviors; similarly, an initial list of 138 items investigating the behaviors was obtained from instruments used to assess schizophrenia...
November 3, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097704/potential-for-social-involvement-modulates-activity-within-the-mirror-and-the-mentalizing-systems
#16
Chiara Begliomini, Andrea Cavallo, Valeria Manera, Cristina Becchio, Roberto Stramare, Diego Miotto, Umberto Castiello
Processing biological motion is fundamental for everyday life activities, such as social interaction, motor learning and nonverbal communication. The ability to detect the nature of a motor pattern has been investigated by means of point-light displays (PLD), sets of moving light points reproducing human kinematics, easily recognizable as meaningful once in motion. Although PLD are rudimentary, the human brain can decipher their content including social intentions. Neuroimaging studies suggest that inferring the social meaning conveyed by PLD could rely on both the Mirror Neuron System (MNS) and the Mentalizing System (MS), but their specific role to this endeavor remains uncertain...
November 2, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094314/volumetric-changes-in-hippocampal-subregions-and-memory-performance-in-mesial-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-with-hippocampal-sclerosis
#17
Caihong Ji, Lujia Zhu, Cong Chen, Shuang Wang, Leilei Zheng, Hong Li
In the present study we explored the different patterns of volumetric atrophy in hippocampal subregions of patients with left and right mesial temporal lobe epilepsy with hippocampal sclerosis (TLE-HS). Meanwhile, the memory impairment patterns in Chinese-speaking TLE-HS patients and potential influencing factors were also determined. TLE-HS patients (21 left and 17 right) and 21 healthy controls were recruited to complete T2-weighted imaging and verbal/nonverbal memory assessment. The results showed that both left and right TLE-HS patients had overall reduced hippocampal subregion volumes on the sclerotic side, and cornu ammonis sectors (CA1) exhibited maximum atrophy...
November 1, 2017: Neuroscience Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089190/speech-illusions-and-working-memory-performance-in-non-clinical-psychosis
#18
Tina Gupta, Jordan E DeVylder, Randy P Auerbach, Jason Schiffman, Vijay A Mittal
Psychotic disorders are characterized by auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs), and research has shown that AVHs are linked to deficits in working memory. Our understanding of AVHs across the psychosis continuum is limited. To date, little research has tested whether hallucination proneness (HP) is linked with abnormalities on experimental multispeaker babble tasks. Few investigations have been conducted to determine how task performance might be linked to cognitive functioning. The objective of the current study is to better understand this empirical gap...
October 28, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078104/modeling-individual-variation-in-early-literacy-skills-in-kindergarten-children-with-intellectual-disabilities
#19
Arjan van Tilborg, Eliane Segers, Hans van Balkom, Ludo Verhoeven
In the present study, we investigated (i) to what extent the early literacy skills (phonological awareness, letter knowledge, and word decoding) along with cognitive (nonverbal reasoning, attention, phonological short-term memory, sequential memory, executive functioning) and linguistic (auditory discrimination, rapid naming, articulation, vocabulary) precursor measures of 53 six-year old children with intellectual disabilities (ID) differ from a group of 74 peers with normal language acquisition (NLA) and (ii) whether the individual variation of early literacy skills in the two groups to the same extent can be explained from the precursor measures...
October 24, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076307/toward-a-functional-near-infrared-spectroscopy-based-monitoring-of-pain-assessment-for-nonverbal-patients
#20
Raul Fernandez Rojas, Xu Huang, Keng-Liang Ou
Pain diagnosis for nonverbal patients represents a challenge in clinical settings. Neuroimaging methods, such as functional magnetic resonance imaging and functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS), have shown promising results to assess neuronal function in response to nociception and pain. Recent studies suggest that neuroimaging in conjunction with machine learning models can be used to predict different cognitive tasks. The aim of this study is to expand previous studies by exploring the classification of fNIRS signals (oxyhaemoglobin) according to temperature level (cold and hot) and corresponding pain intensity (low and high) using machine learning models...
October 2017: Journal of Biomedical Optics
keyword
keyword
3277
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"