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Psoas compartment block

Clayton R Perry, Adam M Fahs, Michael D Kurdziel, Denise M Koueiter, Randy J Fayne, James J Verner
BACKGROUND: Modern joint arthroplasty protocols place an emphasis on minimizing patient-reported postoperative pain while minimizing opioid consumption. The use of multimodal pain management protocols has been reported to improve patient outcomes and satisfaction after total hip arthroplasty. METHODS: In a prospective, single-surgeon trial, 50 patients undergoing primary direct anterior approach total hip arthroplasty were randomized to receive a preoperative fascia iliaca compartment block (FICB) or an intraoperative surgeon-delivered psoas compartment block (PCB)...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
Adam M Fahs, Denise M Koueiter, Michael D Kurdziel, Kristine A Huynh, Clayton R Perry, James J Verner
BACKGROUND: The psoas compartment block (PCB) or periarticular soft-tissue local anesthetic injection are forms of regional anesthesia often used as one of the components in multimodal anesthesia applied during total hip arthroplasty (THA). The most efficacious form of regional anesthesia for THA has yet to be determined. METHODS: In a single-surgeon, prospective, clinical trial, patients undergoing THA via direct anterior approach were randomized to receive an intraoperative periarticular local anesthetic infiltration (periarticular injection) or a PCB...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
J D Turner, S W Dobson, R S Weller, G B Russell, D S Henshaw
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have concluded that i.v. dexamethasone can prolong the duration of peripheral nerve blockade. We hypothesized that a 4 mg dose would equally prolong the duration of psoas compartment blocks (PCBs) when compared with 8 mg, and that both doses would prolong the duration when compared with placebo. METHODS: This was a prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled, dose-dependent, equivalency trial with 115 patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty...
February 2018: British Journal of Anaesthesia
Hamaseh Tayari, Giulio Tazioli, Gloria Breghi, Angela Briganti
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate intraoperative and postoperative efficacy of ultrasound (US)-guided femoral (FN) and obturator (ON) nerves block, in the iliopsoas muscle compartment (IPM), using an in-plane technique. STUDY DESIGN: Anatomical research and randomized, prospective, 'blinded' clinical study. ANIMALS: Six dog cadavers and 20 client-owned dogs undergoing tibial plateau levelling osteotomy (TPLO) surgery. METHODS: In phase 1, anatomical dissections and US imaging of the IPM were performed to design an US-guided nerve block involving the FN and ON simultaneously...
September 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
Jonathon M Congdon, Pedro Boscan, Clara S S Goh, Marlis Rezende
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of psoas compartment and sacral plexus block for pelvic limb amputation in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. ANIMALS: A total of 16 dogs aged 8±3 years and weighing 35±14 kg (mean±standard deviation). METHODS: Dogs were administered morphine (0.5 mg kg-1 ) and atropine (0.02 mg kg-1 ); anesthesia was induced with propofol and maintained with isoflurane. Regional blocks were performed before surgery in eight dogs with bupivacaine (2...
July 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
Ebru Canakci, Dogus Unal, Yunus Guzel
Purpose . This study was designed to investigate the effects of peripheral nerve block methods, applied through unilateral spinal anaesthesia on elderly patients to undergo total knee arthroplasty, on perioperative hemodynamic parameters and postoperative analgesia period. Materials and Method . 60 patients were randomly divided into two groups in the study. In group USA spinal anaesthesia was performed. In group PCS it was applied on psoas compartment block and sciatic nerve block. Results . Significantly higher intraoperative 60th and 90th minute mean arterial pressure values were ascertained in the PCS group compared to the USA group...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
Sae Young Kim, Dong Gyeong Kim, Yong Min Park, Young Hoon Jeon
Reactivation of the latent varicella zoster virus in the sensory ganglion causes herpes zoster (HZ). Its characteristic symptom is a painful rash in the involved dermatome. HZ-induced motor weakness is rare and is usually resolved within one year of the onset, but some patients permanently experience motor dysfunction. Epidural steroid administration, with antiviral therapy, can be effective in treating pain from HZ and preventing postherpetic neuralgia. But an epidural block is contraindicated in patients receiving thromboprophylaxis...
January 2017: Korean Journal of Pain
Medhat M Messeha
BACKGROUND: Lumbar plexus block, combined with a sciatic nerve block, is an effective locoregional anesthetic technique for analgesia and anesthesia of the lower extremity. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical results outcome of the adductor canal block versus the psoas compartment block combined with sciatic nerve block using real time ultrasound guidance in patients undergoing elective laparoscopic knee surgeries. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ninety patients who were undergoing elective laparoscopic knee surgeries were randomly allocated to receive a sciatic nerve block in addition to lumbar plexus block using either an adductor canal block (ACB) or a posterior psoas compartment approach (PCB) using 25 ml of bupivacine 0...
May 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Jeffrey D Swenson, Jennifer J Davis, Joshua O Stream, Julia R Crim, Robert T Burks, Patrick E Greis
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The femoral, lateral femoral cutaneous, and obturator nerves (ONs) can reportedly be blocked using a single-injection deep to the fascia iliaca (FI) at the level of the inguinal ligament. Two commonly used methods (the FI compartment and 3-in-1 blocks) have produced inconsistent results with respect to local anesthetic distribution and effect on the ON. To date, no study of either method has been performed using advanced imaging techniques to document both needle placement and local anesthetic distribution...
December 2015: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Mehmet Aksoy, Aysenur Dostbil, Ilker Ince, Ali Ahiskalioglu, Hacı Ahmet Alici, Ali Aydin, Osman Ozgur Kilinc
BACKGROUND: Our aim is to compare the hemodynamic effects of combined psoas compartment-sciatic nerve block (PCSNB) with continuous spinal anaesthesia (CSA) in elderly high-risk patients undergoing hip replacement surgery. METHODS: Seventy patients over the age of 60 with ASA III or IV physical status were randomly allocated to two groups: In the PCSNB group, ultrasound-guided psoas compartment block was performed with modified Winnie technique using 30 mL of 0...
2014: BMC Anesthesiology
M Hübler, M C Planitz, O Vicent
BACKGROUND: Large amounts of local anaesthetics (LA) are used during psoas compartment block (PCB), especially if combined with sciatic nerve block. Data regarding early pharmacokinetics of ropivacaine for PCB are lacking, notably when a vasoconstrictive agent has not been added. METHODS: PCB was established in 11 patients using 150 mg ropivacaine without epinephrine. Free and total arterial plasma concentrations of ropivacaine were measured at nine time points during the following 30 min...
January 2015: British Journal of Anaesthesia
Bing Li, Xiao X Xu, Yong Du, Han F Yang, Yang Li, Qing Zhang, Ya Y Huang, Jun Meng
OBJECTIVES: The study was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of the combination of chemonucleolysis and psoas compartment block (PCB) for the treatment of lumbar disc herniations (LDHs) and to explore the role of PCB in managing postoperative pain of collagenase injection. METHODS: Two groups of patients (N = 192) were treated in different ways, respectively. Group A (N = 95) was treated with chemonucleolysis only (the injection of oxygen-ozone combined with collagenase into the lumbar disc and the epidural space); group B (N = 97) was treated with chemonucleolysis and PCB...
September 2014: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Zafer Dogan, Mefkur Bakan, Kadir Idin, Asim Esen, Fatma Betul Uslu, Erdogan Ozturk
Lumbar plexus block (LPB) is a suitable method for elder patients for lower extremity surgery. Many complications could be seen during LPB, but not as many as central block. In this case report, we aimed to report a total spinal block, an unusual complication. LPB with sciatic block was planned for a male patient, 76 years old, scheduled for total knee replacement due to gonarthrosis. The patient became unconscious after psoas compartment block with Chayen technique for LPB. The operation ended at 145th minute...
March 2014: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
I Demirel, A B Ozer, O Duzgol, M K Bayar, L Karakurt, O L Erhan
OBJECTIVES: Just as hip prosthesis, most of the patients undergoing orthopedic lower extremity surgery (OLES) belong to the advanced age group. Sciatic nerve block combined with psoas compartment block is used as a technique alternative to central neuraxial block and GA. In geriatric patients that will undergo partial hip prosthesis, the effects of the methods of unilateral spinal anesthesia (SA) and L1 paravertebral block combined with psoas compartment block (PCB) and sciatic nerve block (PCSL) on peroperative hemodynamic parameters and the duration of need for postoperative analgesia were studied...
2014: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Marissa G Vadi, Neesa Patel, Marjorie Podraza Stiegler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2014: Anesthesiology
Emine Aysu Salvız, Yavuz Gürkan, Murat Tekin, Levent Buluç
Anesthetizing the lumbar plexus at its origin facilitates a more "complete" psoas compartment block compared to peripheral approaches. It is usually performed using surface anatomical landmarks, and the site for local anesthetic injection is confirmed by observing quadriceps muscle contraction to peripheral nerve stimulation. Ultrasound may provide guidance alone or together with the aid of nerve stimulation during nerve blocks. We present a 48-year-old male patient, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status II, who refused spinal anesthesia, and underwent knee arthroscopy with ultrasound-guided psoas compartment block and general anesthesia...
2014: Aǧrı: Ağrı (Algoloji) Derneği'nin Yayın Organıdır, the Journal of the Turkish Society of Algology
Manoj Kumar Karmakar, Jia Wei Li, Wing Hong Kwok, Edmund Soh, Admir Hadzic
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound imaging of the anatomy relevant for lumbar plexus block (LPB) is challenging because of its deep anatomic location and the "acoustic shadow" of the overlying transverse processes. A paramedian transverse scan (PMTS) of the lumbar paravertebral region with the ultrasound beam being insonated through the intertransverse space (ITS) and directed medially toward the intervertebral foramen (PMTS-ITS) may overcome the problem of the "acoustic shadow" and allow clear visualization of the anatomy relevant for LPB...
September 2013: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
Connor Green, Ann Maria Byrne, Padhraig O'Loughlin, Diarmuid Molony, Dominic Harmon, Eric Masterson
Total hip arthroplasty is associated with significant postoperative pain. A psoas compartment block is superior to other regional techniques in analgesia post THA. However, traditional methods of delivery are associated with serious complications. We present a technique of a surgeon delivered lumbar plexus block through injection at the portion of the iliopsoas seen intraoperatively. We randomised fifty-three consecutive patients into two groups. The group that received the block had an increased period prior to requesting supplementary analgesia and lower overall pain scores...
February 2014: Journal of Arthroplasty
Xuezheng Zhang, Ying Zhou, Limei Chen, Quanguang Wang, Jianwu Ni, Le Liu, Chenggang Hu, Xuzhong Xu
OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical effects of anesthesia and postoperative analgesia for patients with unilateral lower-extremity fracture between multiple injections through catheters beside the lumbar plexus or sciatic nerve and continuous epidural analgesia. METHODS: Seventy patients with unilateral lower-extremity fracture scheduled for internal fixation were randomly divided into group N (n = 35) and group E (n = 35). Patients in group N received combined lumbar plexus and sciatic nerve block, then a catheter was inserted into the psoas compartment or beside the sciatic nerve, according to the surgical site, and 25 mL 0...
2013: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Shruti Sangani, Kavita Lalchandani, Vn Swadia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2012: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
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