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Jeong Heo, Heenam Yoon, Kwang Suk Park
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients whose voluntary muscles are paralyzed commonly communicate with the outside world using eye movement. There have been many efforts to support this method of communication by tracking or detecting eye movement. An electrooculogram (EOG), an electro-physiological signal, is generated by eye movements and can be measured with electrodes placed around the eye. In this study, we proposed a new practical electrode position on the forehead to measure EOG signals, and we developed a wearable forehead EOG measurement system for use in Human Computer/Machine interfaces (HCIs/HMIs)...
June 23, 2017: Sensors
David W Oguttu, Joseph K B Matovu, David C Okumu, Alex R Ario, Allen E Okullo, Jimmy Opigo, Victoria Nankabirwa
BACKGROUND: In 2012, Tororo District had the highest malaria burden in Uganda with community Plasmodium prevalence of 48%. To control malaria in the district, the Ministry of Health introduced universal distribution of long lasting insecticide-treated nets (LLINs) in 2013 and added indoor residual spraying (IRS) in 2014. This study assessed malaria incidence, test positivity rates and outpatient (OPD) attendance due to malaria before and after vector control interventions. METHODS: This study was based on analysis of Health Management Information System (HMIS) secondary malaria surveillance data of 2,727,850 patient records in OPD registers of 61 health facilities from 2012 to 2015...
May 30, 2017: Malaria Journal
Shan-Shan Li, Min Jiang, Tian-Jia Jiang, Jin-Huai Liu, Zheng Guo, Xing-Jiu Huang
Hypersensitive and highly selective nanomaterials for the measurement of heavy metal ions (HMIs) hold a key to electro-analysis. Various works improved the results of analysis but without scientific understanding. Herein, Fe/Mg/Ni-layered double hydroxide (LDH) has been successfully prepared and its electrochemical behavior for Pb(II) detection is also studied using square wave anodic stripping voltammetry (SWASV). The well performance of electrochemistry suggest that the modification with Fe/Mg/Ni-LDH significantly promotes the selectivity and sensitivity toward Pb(II)...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Hui Zhang, Huabo Duan, Jian Zuo, MingWei Song, Yukui Zhang, Bo Yang, Yongning Niu
Hazardous Materials Incidents (HMIs) have attracted a growing public concern worldwide. The health risks and environmental implications associated with HMIs are almost invariably severe, and underscore the urgency for sound management. Hazardous Materials Explosion incidents (HMEIs) belong to a category of extremely serious HMIs. Existing studies placed focuses predominately on the promptness and efficiency of emergency responses to HMIs and HMEIs. By contrast, post-disaster environmental management has been largely overlooked...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
Omid Tavakoli, Vahabodin Goodarzi, Mohammad Reza Saeb, Niyaz Mohammad Mahmoodi, Rafael Borja
Heavy metal ions (HMIs) are serious threats to the environment. Sub-critical water treatment was used to mimic contamination of squid oil in aqueous, metal-soap and oil phases. Isothermal adsorption of HMIs (Cu(2+), Pb(2+), Cd(2+) and Zn(2+)) was studied from aqueous phase to oil phase (493, 523, 548, and 573K) for solutions with different initial concentration of HMIs was studied. Decomposition of glycerides into fatty acids was favored at high subcritical temperatures, with metal-soap phase showing the highest chelation ability toward Cu(2+) (96%, isotherm 573K)...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Zhen Jin, Meng Yang, Shao-Hua Chen, Jin-Huai Liu, Qun-Xiang Li, Xing-Jiu Huang
Herein, we revealed that the electrochemical behaviors on the detection of heavy metal ions (HMIs) would largely rely on the exposed facets of SnO2 nanoparticles. Compared to the high-energy {221} facet, the low-energy {110} facet of SnO2 possessed better electrochemical performance. The adsorption/desorption tests, density-functional theory (DFT) calculations, and X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) studies showed that the lower barrier energy of surface diffusion on {110} facet was critical for the superior electrochemical property, which was favorable for the ions diffusion on the electrode, and further leading the enhanced electrochemical performance...
February 7, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
John N Dusabe-Richards, Hayley Teshome Tesfaye, Jarso Mekonnen, Aschenaki Kea, Sally Theobald, Daniel G Datiko
OBJECTIVES: This study assesses the feasibility of female health extension workers (HEWs) using eHealth within their core duties, supporting both the design and capacity building for an eHealth system project focussed initially on tuberculosis, maternal child health, and gender equity. PARTICIPANTS: Health extension workers, Health Centre Heads, District Health Officers, Zonal Health Department and Regional Health Bureau representatives in Southern Ethiopia. SETTING: The study was undertaken in Southern Ethiopia with three districts in Sidama zone (population of 3...
December 27, 2016: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
Mary Mwangome, Eveline Geubbels, Paul Klatser, Marjolein Dieleman
Diabetes prevalence in Tanzania was estimated at 9.1% in 2012 among adults aged 24-65 years - higher than the HIV prevalence in the general population at that time. Health systems in lower- and middle-income countries are not designed for chronic health care, yet the rising burden of non-communicable diseases such as diabetes demands chronic care services. To inform policies on diabetes care, we conducted a study on the health services in place to diagnose, treat and care for diabetes patients in rural Tanzania...
April 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
Suman Jain, Nathalie Zorzi
The Global Fund raises and invests nearly US$4 billion a year to support programs run in more than 140 countries. The Global Fund strategy 2012-2016 is focused on "Investing for Impact". In order to accomplish this, timely and accurate data are needed to inform strategies and prioritize activities to achieve greater coverage with quality services. Monitoring and evaluation is intrinsic to the Global Fund's system of performance-based funding. The Global Fund invests in strengthening measurement and reporting of results at all stages of the grant cycle...
November 28, 2016: AIDS and Behavior
Nawaraj Upadhaya, Mark J D Jordans, Jibril Abdulmalik, Shalini Ahuja, Atalay Alem, Charlotte Hanlon, Fred Kigozi, Dorothy Kizza, Crick Lund, Maya Semrau, Rahul Shidhaye, Graham Thornicroft, Ivan H Komproe, Oye Gureje
BACKGROUND: Research on information systems for mental health in low and middle income countries (LMICs) is scarce. As a result, there is a lack of reliable information on mental health service needs, treatment coverage and the quality of services provided. METHODS: With the aim of informing the development and implementation of a mental health information sub-system that includes reliable and measurable indicators on mental health within the Health Management Information Systems (HMIS), a cross-country situation analysis of HMIS was conducted in six LMICs (Ethiopia, India, Nepal, Nigeria, South Africa and Uganda), participating in the 'Emerging mental health systems in low and middle income countries' (Emerald) research programme...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Deepthi Wickremasinghe, Iram Ejaz Hashmi, Joanna Schellenberg, Bilal Iqbal Avan
Health management information systems (HMIS) produce large amounts of data about health service provision and population health, and provide opportunities for data-based decision-making in decentralized health systems. Yet the data are little-used locally. A well-defined approach to district-level decision-making using health data would help better meet the needs of the local population. In this second of four papers on district decision-making for health in low-income settings, our aim was to explore ways in which district administrators and health managers in low- and lower-middle-income countries use health data to make decisions, to describe the decision-making tools they used and identify challenges encountered when using these tools...
September 2016: Health Policy and Planning
Janmejaya Samal, Ranjit Kumar Dehury
INTRODUCTION: Health Management Information System (HMIS) is one of the important components of National Rural Health Mission (NRHM). The web portal of HMIS was launched by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MOHFW), Govt. of India (GOI) in 21(st) Oct. 2008 to enable capturing of public health data from both public and private institutions in rural and urban areas across the country. AIM: The aim of the study was to assess the quality perspectives and challenges among HMIS officials in implementing HMIS at their respective levels, i...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Barbara Nanteza, Moses Galukande, Jane Aceng, Joshua Musinguzi, Alex Opio, Anthony K Mbonye, Eddie Mukooyo, Prosper Behumize, Fredrick Makumbi
BACKGROUND: The successful scale-up of safe male circumcision (SMC) in Uganda has been hinged on client's safety and quality of services. However, after the recent three tetanus deaths after circumcision a review of all tetanus cases in one of the hospitals where the cases occurred was initiated. This was to ascertain the potential for an association between tetanus infection and circumcision. Routinely collected national data were also reviewed to determine the burden of tetanus in Uganda and contextualize these incidents...
2016: SpringerPlus
Zakir Hussain, Jameel Ahmed Ansari, Muhammad Salman, Ejaz Ahmed Khan, Jawad Asghar
BACKGROUND: Acute Respiratory Infections (ARIs) are leading cause of death among children and cause 2.1 million deaths worldwide. In Pakistan, around 11.74 million ARIs cases are reported annually. Gilgit Baltistan (G-B) has higher ARIs incidence and mortality among children under 5. Study aims to evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of ARI surveillance systems in GB. METHODOLOGY: Evaluation was conducted during April 2011 using CDC's updated guidelines on evaluating the public health surveillance system, 2001...
June 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Mohen Abedi, Farideh Dehghan Manshadi, Minoo Khalkhali Zavieh, Sajad Ashouri, Hadi Azimi, Mohamad Parnanpour
AIM: SHARIF-HMIS is a new inertial sensor designed for movement analysis. The aim of the present study was to assess the inter-tester and intra-tester reliability of some kinematic parameters in different lumbar motions making use of this sensor. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 24 healthy persons and 28 patients with low back pain participated in the current reliability study. The test was performed in five different lumbar motions consisting of lumbar flexion in 0, 15, and 30° in the right and left directions...
April 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Vicki Antrobus, Gary Burnett, Claudia Krehl
Human Factors concerns exist with vehicle navigation systems, particularly relating to the effects of current Human-Machine Interfaces (HMIs) on driver disengagement from the environment. A road study was conducted aiming to provide initial input for the development of intelligent HMIs for in-vehicle systems, using the traditional collaborative navigation relationship between the driver and passenger to inform future design. Sixteen drivers navigated a predefined route in the city of Coventry, UK with the assistance of an existing vehicle navigation system (SatNav), whereas a further 16 followed the navigational prompts of a passenger who had been trained along the same route...
June 3, 2016: Ergonomics
Deepan C Kamaraj, Brad E Dicianno, Harshal P Mahajan, Alhaji M Buhari, Rory A Cooper
OBJECTIVE: To assess the stability of clinicians' and users' rating of electric-powered wheelchair (EPW) driving while using 4 different human-machine interfaces (HMIs) within the Virtual Reality-based SIMulator-version 2 (VRSIM-2) and in the real world (accounting for a total of 5 unique driving conditions). DESIGN: Within-subjects repeated-measures design. SETTING: Simulation-based assessment in a research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: A convenience sample of EPW athletes (N=21) recruited at the 31st National Veterans Wheelchair Games...
July 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Atul Sharma, Saroj Kumar Rana, Shankar Prinja, Rajesh Kumar
BACKGROUND: Despite increasing importance being laid on use of routine data for decision making in India, it has frequently been reported to be riddled with problems. Evidence suggests lack of quality in the health management information system (HMIS), however there is no robust analysis to assess the extent of its inaccuracy. We aim to bridge this gap in evidence by assessing the extent of completeness and quality of HMIS in Haryana state of India. METHODS: Data on utilization of key maternal and child health (MCH) services were collected using a cross-sectional household survey from 4807 women in 209 Sub-Centre (SC) areas across all 21 districts of Haryana state...
2016: PloS One
Kathryn L Andersen, Indira Basnett, Dirgha Raj Shrestha, Meena Kumari Shrestha, Mukta Shah, Shilu Aryal
INTRODUCTION: The termination of unwanted pregnancies up to 12 weeks' gestation became legal in Nepal in 2002. Many interventions have taken place to expand access to comprehensive abortion care services. However, comprehensive abortion care services remain out of reach for women in rural and remote areas. This article describes a training and support strategy to train auxiliary nurse-midwives (ANMs), already certified as skilled birth attendants, as medical abortion providers and expand geographic access to safe abortion care to the community level in Nepal...
March 2016: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
Edward Antwi, Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch, Gloria Quansah Asare, Kwadwo A Koram, Diederick Grobbee, Irene Akua Agyepong
OBJECTIVES: The objectives were to assess the quality of health management information system (HMIS) data needed for assessment of local area variation in pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH) incidence and to describe district and regional variations in PIH incidence. METHODS: A retrospective review of antenatal and delivery records of 2,682 pregnant women in ten district hospitals in the Greater Accra and Upper West regions of Ghana was conducted in 2013. Quality of HMIS data was assessed by completeness of reporting...
October 26, 2015: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
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