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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138016/the-challenges-of-detecting-and-responding-to-a-lassa-fever-outbreak-in-an-ebola-affected-setting
#1
E L Hamblion, P Raftery, A Wendland, E Dweh, G S Williams, R N C George, L Soro, V Katawera, P Clement, A N Gasasira, E Musa, T K Nagbe
OBJECTIVES: Lassa fever(LF), a priority emerging pathogen likely to cause major epidemics, is endemic in much of West Africa and difficult to distinguish from other viral haemorrhagic fevers including Ebola virus disease(EVD). Definitive diagnosis requires laboratory confirmation not widely available in affected settings. We report the public health action to contain a LF outbreak and challenges encountered in an EVD-affected setting. METHODS: In February 2016 a rapid response team was deployed in Liberia in response to a cluster of LF cases...
November 11, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950834/challenges-of-implementing-the-integrated-disease-surveillance-and-response-strategy-in-zambia-a-health-worker-perspective
#2
Chomba Brian Mandyata, Linda Kampata Olowski, Wilbroad Mutale
BACKGROUND: Despite advances in medical technology and public health practice at the global level over the past millennia, infectious diseases are still the leading causes of death in most resource limited countries. Stronger infectious disease surveillance and response systems in developed countries facilitated the near elimination of infectious disease related deaths in those countries. Today, low-income countries are following this path by strengthening disease surveillance and response strategies that would help reverse the trend in infectious disease associated morbidity and mortality cases...
September 26, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944276/verification-of-neonatal-tetanus-surveillance-systems-in-katsina-state-nigeria
#3
Shafique Sani Nass, Hadi Danawi, Loretta Cain, Monoj Sharma
BACKGROUND: The incidence and mortality rates of neonatal tetanus (NNT) remain underreported in Nigeria. The goal of the study was to compare the NNT prevalence and the mortality rates from the existing surveillance system and active surveillance of health facility records in 7 selected health facilities from 2010 to 2014 in Katsina State, Nigeria. METHODS: The study is a retrospective record review using extracted data from NNT records and analyzed using descriptive statistics...
January 2017: Health Services Research and Managerial Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886171/positive-predictive-value-and-effectiveness-of-measles-case-based-surveillance-in-uganda-2012-2015
#4
Fred Nsubuga, Immaculate Ampaire, Simon Kasasa, Henry Luzze, Annet Kisakye
INTRODUCTION: Disease surveillance is a critical component in the control and elimination of vaccine preventable diseases. The Uganda National Expanded Program on Immunization strives to have a sensitive surveillance system within the Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR) framework. We analyzed measles surveillance data to determine the effectiveness of the measles case-based surveillance system and estimate its positive predictive value in order to inform policy and practice...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841872/from-habits-of-attrition-to-modes-of-inclusion-enhancing-the-role-of-private-practitioners-in-routine-disease-surveillance
#5
Revati K Phalkey, Carsten Butsch, Kristine Belesova, Marieke Kroll, Frauke Kraas
BACKGROUND: Private practitioners are the preferred first point of care in a majority of low and middle-income countries and in this position, best placed for the surveillance of diseases. However their contribution to routine surveillance data is marginal. This systematic review aims to explore evidence with regards to the role, contribution, and involvement of private practitioners in routine disease data notification. We examined the factors that determine the inclusion of, and the participation thereof of private practitioners in disease surveillance activities...
August 25, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797285/large-cholera-outbreak-in-brong-ahafo-region-ghana
#6
Charles Lwanga Noora, Kofi Issah, Ernest Kenu, Emmanuel George Bachan, Robert Domo Nuoh, Kofi Mensah Nyarko, Paulina Appiah, Timothy Letsa
BACKGROUND: A nationwide outbreak of Vibrio cholerae occurred in Ghana in 2014 with Accra, the nation's capital as the epi-center. The outbreak spread to the Brong Ahafo Region (BAR) which is geographically located in the middle of the country. In this region a review of data collected during the outbreak was carried out and analyzed descriptively to determine the hot spots and make recommendations for effective response to future outbreaks. METHODS: A review of patient records and line lists of cases of cholera reported in all hospitals during the period of the outbreak (July-December 2014) was conducted...
August 10, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721173/detecting-reporting-and-analysis-of-priority-diseases-for-routine-public-health-surveillance-in-liberia
#7
Joseph Asamoah Frimpong, Meeyoung Mattie Park, Maame Pokuah Amo-Addae, Peter Adebayo Adewuyi, Thomas Knue Nagbe
An essential component of a public health surveillance system is its ability to detect priority diseases which fall within the mandate of public health officials at all levels. Early detection, reporting and response to public health events help to reduce the burden of mortality and morbidity on communities. Analysis of reliable surveillance data provides relevant information which can enable implementation of timely and appropriate public health interventions. To ensure that a resilient system is in place, the World Health Organization (WHO) has provided guidelines for detection, reporting and response to public health events in the Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR) strategy...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653456/detecting-ebola-with-limited-laboratory-access-in-the-democratic-republic-of-congo-evaluation-of-a-clinical-passive-surveillance-reporting-system
#8
Hayley R Ashbaugh, Brandon Kuang, Adva Gadoth, Vivian H Alfonso, Patrick Mukadi, Reena H Doshi, Nicole A Hoff, Cyrus Sinai, Mathias Mossoko, Benoit Ilunga Kebela, Jean-Jacques Muyembe, Emile Okitolonda Wemakoy, Anne W Rimoin
BACKGROUND: Ebola virus disease (EVD) can be clinically severe and highly fatal, making surveillance efforts for early disease detection of paramount importance. In areas with limited access to laboratory testing, the Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR) strategy in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) may be a vital tool in improving outbreak response. METHODS: Using DRC IDSR data from the nation's four EVD outbreak periods from 2007-2014, we assessed trends of Viral Hemorrhagic Fever (VHF) and EVD differential diagnoses reportable through IDSR...
September 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584181/facility-based-surveillance-for-emerging-infectious-diseases-diagnostic-practices-in-rural-west-african-hospital-settings-observations-from-ghana
#9
Freya L Jephcott, James L N Wood, Andrew A Cunningham
The aim of this study was to better understand the effectiveness of Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR) facility-based surveillance in detecting newly emerging infectious diseases (EIDs) in rural West African settings. A six-month ethnographic study was undertaken in 2012 in the Techiman Municipality of the Brong-Ahafo Region of Ghana, aimed at documenting the trajectories of febrile illness cases of unknown origin occurring within four rural communities. Particular attention was paid to where these trajectories involved the use of formal healthcare facilities and the diagnostic practices that occurred there...
July 19, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806469/lessons-learnt-from-cerebrospinal-meningitis-outbreak-surveillance-data-a-case-for-public-health-action
#10
Semeeh Akinwale Omoleke, Olatunji Alabi, Yakubu Bashar Usman, Kunle Ijaya, Abubakar Abubakar Koko
BACKGROUND: Outbreak of cerebrospinal meningitis (CSM) remains a major public health concern in Nigeria, particularly in northern Nigeria. The paper evaluates the effect of mass vaccination against cerebrospinal meningitis outbreak in 2013 on the incidence rate in 2014 and 2015, and to document lessons learnt from field experiences of the meningitis epidemic surveillance in Kebbi State, North-west, Nigeria. METHODS: The authors analysed cerebrospinal meningitis surveillance data generated from the routine integrated disease surveillance and response (IDSR) programme executed by the Ministry of Health with support from the World Health Organisation (WHO)...
June 30, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800077/cholera-public-health-surveillance-in-the-republic-of-cameroon-opportunities-and-challenges
#11
Moise Chi Ngwa, Song Liang, Leonard Mbam Mbam, Arabi Mouhaman, Andrew Teboh, Kaousseri Brekmo, Onana Mevoula, John Glenn Morris
INTRODUCTION: In Cameroon, cholera has periodically resurfaced since it was first reported in 1971. In 2003, Cameroon adapted the Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR) strategy to strengthen surveillance in the country. This study was an in-depth description and assessment of the structure, core and support functions, and attributes of the current cholera surveillance system in Cameroon. It also discussed its strengths and challenges with hope that lessons learned could improve the system in Cameroon and in other countries in Africa implementing the IDSR strategy...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605718/evaluation-of-the-reporting-completeness-and-timeliness-of-the-integrated-disease-surveillance-and-response-system-in-northern-ghana
#12
Martin Nyaaba Adokiya, J Koku Awoonor-Williams, Claudia Beiersmann, Olaf Müller
OBJECTIVES: The integrated disease surveillance and response (IDSR) and district health information management system II (DHIMS2) strategies were implemented in 2002 and 2012 respectively to improve surveillance data reporting and quality. The objective of this study was to evaluate the reporting completeness and timeliness of the IDSR system at the sub-national level in northern Ghana. METHODS: This was an observational study in Upper East Region (UER). Weekly and monthly disease surveillance reports on completeness and timeliness were downloaded and analysed for 2012 and 2013 from the DHIMS2 in UER, the two Kassena-Nankana districts and their nine health facilities representing public, private and mission providers...
March 2016: Ghana Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27600526/enteric-pathogens-and-factors-associated-with-acute-bloody-diarrhoea-kenya
#13
Charles Njuguna, Ian Njeru, Elizabeth Mgamb, Daniel Langat, Anselimo Makokha, Dismas Ongore, Evan Mathenge, Samuel Kariuki
BACKGROUND: Shigellosis is the major cause of bloody diarrhoea worldwide and is endemic in most developing countries. In Kenya, bloody diarrhoea is reported weekly as part of priority diseases under Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response System (IDSR) in the Ministry of Health. METHODS: We conducted a case control study with 805 participants (284 cases and 521 controls) between January and December 2012 in Kilifi and Nairobi Counties. Kilifi County is largely a rural population whereas Nairobi County is largely urban...
September 6, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27389171/polio-eradication-initiative-contribution-in-strengthening-immunization-and-integrated-disease-surveillance-data-management-in-who-african-region-2014
#14
Alain Poy, Etienne Minkoulou, Keith Shaba, Ali Yahaya, Peter Gaturuku, Landoh Dadja, Joseph Okeibunor, Richard Mihigo, Pascal Mkanda
INTRODUCTION: The PEI Programme in the WHO African region invested in recruitment of qualified staff in data management, developing data management system and standards operating systems since the revamp of the Polio Eradication Initiative in 1997 to cater for data management support needs in the Region. This support went beyond polio and was expanded to routine immunization and integrated surveillance of priority diseases. But the impact of the polio data management support to other programmes such as routine immunization and disease surveillance has not yet been fully documented...
October 10, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27389170/polio-eradication-initiative-contribution-to-improved-communicable-diseases-surveillance-in-who-african-region
#15
William Mwengee, Joseph Okeibunor, Alain Poy, Keith Shaba, Leon Mbulu Kinuani, Etienne Minkoulou, Ali Yahaya, Peter Gaturuku, Dadja Essoya Landoh, Peter Nsubuga, Mbaye Salla, Richard Mihigo, Pascal Mkanda
INTRODUCTION: Since the launch of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) in 1988, there has been a tremendous progress in the reduction of cases of poliomyelitis. The world is on the verge of achieving global polio eradication and in May 2013, the 66th World Health Assembly endorsed the Polio Eradication and Endgame Strategic Plan (PEESP) 2013-2018. The plan provides a timeline for the completion of the GPEI by eliminating all paralytic polio due to both wild and vaccine-related polioviruses...
October 10, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27303581/factors-associated-with-adequate-weekly-reporting-for-disease-surveillance-data-among-health-facilities-in-nairobi-county-kenya-2013
#16
Athman Juma Mwatondo, Zipporah Ng'ang'a, Caroline Maina, Lyndah Makayotto, Moses Mwangi, Ian Njeru, Wences Arvelo
INTRODUCTION: Kenya adopted the Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR) strategy in 1998 to strengthen disease surveillance and epidemic response. However, the goal of weekly surveillance reporting among health facilities has not been achieved. We conducted a cross-sectional study to determine the prevalence of adequate reporting and factors associated with IDSR reporting among health facilities in one Kenyan County. METHODS: Health facilities (public and private) were enrolled using stratified random sampling from 348 facilities prioritized for routine surveillance reporting...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26476363/the-effect-of-immunization-on-measles-incidence-in-the-democratic-republic-of-congo-results-from-a-model-of-surveillance-data
#17
Reena H Doshi, Calixte Shidi, Audry Mulumba, Philip Eckhoff, Catherine Nguyen, Nicole A Hoff, Sue Gerber, Emile Okitolonda, Benoit Kebela Ilunga, Anne W Rimoin
BACKGROUND: Measles continues to be a leading cause of vaccine-preventable disease mortality among children under five despite a safe and efficacious vaccine being readily available. While global vaccination coverage has improved tremendously, measles outbreaks persist throughout sub-Saharan Africa. Since 2010, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has seen a resurgence of measles outbreaks affecting all 11 provinces. These outbreaks are mainly attributed to gaps in routine immunization (RI) coverage compounded with missed supplementary immunization activities (SIAs)...
November 27, 2015: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26216356/the-integrated-disease-surveillance-and-response-system-in-northern-ghana-challenges-to-the-core-and-support-functions
#18
Martin N Adokiya, John K Awoonor-Williams, Claudia Beiersmann, Olaf Müller
BACKGROUND: The integrated disease surveillance and response (IDSR) strategy was adopted in Ghana over a decade ago, yet gaps still remain in its proper functioning. The objective of this study was to assess the core and support functions of the IDSR system at the periphery level of the health system in northern Ghana. METHODS: A qualitative study has been conducted among 18 key informants in two districts of Upper East Region. The respondents were from 9 health facilities considered representative of the health system (public, private and mission)...
2015: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25878792/assessment-of-the-usefulness-of-integrated-disease-surveillance-and-response-on-suspected-ebola-cases-in-the-brong-ahafo-region-ghana
#19
Kofi Issah, Kennedy Nartey, Richard Amoah, Emmanuel George Bachan, Jacob Aleeba, Enuamah Yeetey, Timothy Letsa
BACKGROUND: This study assessed the quality, core and support functions of the integrated disease surveillance and response (IDSR) system relating to 18 suspected cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in the Brong Ahafo Region, Ghana. METHODS: Data was collected on selected indicators of the surveillance system relating to 18 suspected cases of EVD, from epidemiological week 19 to 45 of 2014. We conducted in-depth interviews with seven medical directors and two district directors of health services, and also reviewed documentation on the implementation of the core, support and quality functions of the IDSR system...
2015: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25648630/evaluation-of-the-integrated-disease-surveillance-and-response-system-for-infectious-diseases-control-in-northern-ghana
#20
Martin Nyaaba Adokiya, John Koku Awoonor-Williams, Inuwa Yau Barau, Claudia Beiersmann, Olaf Mueller
BACKGROUND: Well-functioning surveillance systems are crucial for effective disease control programs. The Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR) strategy was developed and adopted in 1998 for Africa as a comprehensive public health approach and subsequently, Ghana adopted the IDSR technical guidelines in 2002. Since 2012, the IDSR data is reported through the new District Health Information Management System II (DHIMS2) network. The objective was to evaluate the Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR) system in northern Ghana...
2015: BMC Public Health
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