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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151050/physical-activity-in-former-elite-cricketers-and-strategies-for-promoting-physical-activity-after-retirement-from-cricket-a-qualitative-study
#1
Stephanie R Filbay, Felicity L Bishop, Nicholas Peirce, Mary E Jones, Nigel K Arden
OBJECTIVES: The health benefits of professional sport dissipate after retirement unless an active lifestyle is adopted, yet reasons for adopting an active or inactive lifestyle after retirement from sport are poorly understood. Elite cricket is all-encompassing, requiring a high volume of activity and unique physical demands. We aimed to identify influences on physical activity behaviours in active and insufficiently active former elite cricketers and provide practical strategies for promoting physical activity after cricket retirement...
November 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149907/mapping-evidence-on-the-distribution-of-human-papillomavirus-related-cancers-in-sub-saharan-africa-scoping-review-protocol
#2
Bridget K M Lekoane, Tivani P Mashamba-Thompson, Themba G Ginindza
BACKGROUND: Despite the introduction of HPV vaccines, the incidence of HPV-related cancers (cervical, penile, anal, vulvar, vagina, head, and neck) in sub-Saharan Africa has been rising. The increasing incidence of these HPV-related cancers has been attributed to changes in lifestyle-related risk factors, most notably sexual behavior. The main objective of this study is to map evidence on the distribution of HIV-related cancers in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will conduct a scoping review to explore, describe, and map literature on the distribution of HPV-related cancers in sub-Saharan Africa...
November 17, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146655/qualitative-evaluation-of-a-deferred-consent-process-in-paediatric-emergency-research-a-predict-study
#3
Jeremy Furyk, Kristin McBain-Rigg, Kerrianne Watt, Theophilus I Emeto, Richard C Franklin, Donna Franklin, Andreas Schibler, Stuart R Dalziel, Franz E Babl, Catherine Wilson, Natalie Phillips, Robin Ray
BACKGROUND: A challenge of conducting research in critically ill children is that the therapeutic window for the intervention may be too short to seek informed consent prior to enrolment. In specific circumstances, most international ethical guidelines allow for children to be enrolled in research with informed consent obtained later, termed deferred consent (DC) or retrospective consent. There is a paucity of data on the attitudes of parents to this method of enrolment in paediatric emergency research...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145804/a-descriptive-study-of-the-health-information-needs-of-kenyan-women-in-the-first-6%C3%A2-weeks-postpartum
#4
Everlyne Rotich, Liz Wolvaardt
BACKGROUND: A large number of maternal and neonatal deaths occur during birth and 48 h after birth. The benefits of postnatal care to the mother and newborn cannot be overemphasized as this is another opportunity where complications that might arise from pregnancy and childbirth can be treated, as well as the time to provide important information on maternal and newborn care after delivery. This study aimed to determine the information needs of mother-baby pairs in the first 6 weeks after birth...
November 16, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133322/factors-contributing-to-medicine-related-problems-in-adult-patients-with-diabetes-and-or-cardiovascular-diseases-in-saudi-arabia-a-qualitative-study
#5
Abdullah Mahdi Al Hamid, Maisoon Ghaleb, Hisham Aljadhey, Zoe Aslanpour
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the factors contributing to medicine-related problems (MRPs) among patients with cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and/or diabetes in Saudi Arabia. DESIGN: Qualitative semistructured interviews were conducted. Interviews were audio recorded then transcribed into Microsoft Word. The transcribed interviews were then imported into the qualitative analysis software NVivo where thematic analysis was applied. Thematic synthesis was achieved by coding and developing subthemes/themes from the findings of the interviews...
November 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129193/experiences-of-three-states-implementing-the-medicaid-health-home-model-to-address-opioid-use-disorder-case-studies-in-maryland-rhode-island-and-vermont
#6
Lisa Clemans-Cope, Jane B Wishner, Eva H Allen, Nicole Lallemand, Marni Epstein, Brenda C Spillman
PURPOSE: The United States is facing an unprecedented opioid epidemic. The Affordable Care Act (ACA) included several provisions designed to increase care coordination in state Medicaid programs and improve outcomes for those with chronic conditions, including substance use disorders. Three states-Maryland, Rhode Island, and Vermont - adopted the ACA's optional Medicaid health home model for individuals with opioid use disorder. The model coordinates opioid use disorder treatment that features opioid agonist therapy provided at opioid treatment programs (OTPs) and Office-based Opioid Treatment (OBOT) with medical and behavioral health care and other services, including those addressing social determinants of health...
December 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126437/framing-the-conversation-use-of-precis-2-ratings-to-advance-understanding-of-pragmatic-trial-design-domains
#7
Paula Darby Lipman, Kirsty Loudon, Leanora Dluzak, Rachael Moloney, Donna Messner, Catherine M Stoney
BACKGROUND: There continues to be debate about what constitutes a pragmatic trial and how it is distinguished from more traditional explanatory trials. The NIH Pragmatic Trials Collaborative Project, which includes five trials and a coordinating unit, has adopted the Pragmatic-Explanatory Continuum Indicator Summary (PRECIS-2) instrument. The purpose of the study was to collect PRECIS-2 ratings at two points in time to assess whether the tool was sensitive to change in trial design, and to explore with investigators the rationale for rating shifts...
November 10, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107587/women-s-perceptions-of-usefulness-and-ease-of-use-of-four-healthy-eating-blog-characteristics-a-qualitative-study-of-33-french-canadian-women
#8
Véronique Bissonnette-Maheux, Audrée-Anne Dumas, Véronique Provencher, Annie Lapointe, Marilyn Dugrenier, Sharon Straus, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Sophie Desroches
BACKGROUND: Healthy eating blogs are knowledge translation tools used by nutrition and dietetics practitioners for helping people improve their health behaviors and food choices. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to explore women's perceptions of the usefulness and ease of use of healthy eating blog (HEB) characteristics that might increase potential users' intention to use them as tools to improve their dietary habits. DESIGN: We conducted qualitative research using semi-structured individual interviews...
October 26, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102993/evidence-of-accessibility-and-utility-of-point-of-care-diagnostics-as-an-integral-part-of-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-services-systematic-scoping-review-protocol
#9
Juliet Katoba, Lydia Hangulu, Tivani Phosa Mashamba-Thompson
INTRODUCTION: Point-of-care (POC) testing has been shown to help improve healthcare access in resource-limited settings. However, there is paucity of evidence on accessibility of POC testing for prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) in resource-limited settings. We propose to conduct a systematic scoping review to map the evidence on POC testing services for PMTCT. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A scoping review framework, proposed by Arksey and O'Malley, will guide the study...
November 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091916/stakeholder-s-experiences-expectations-and-decision-making-on-reproductive-care-an-ethnographic-study-of-three-districts-in-northern-ghana
#10
Martin Amogre Ayanore, Milena Pavlova, Regien Biesma, Wim Groot
BACKGROUND: In Ghana, priority-setting for reproductive health service interventions is known to be rudimentary with little wider stakeholder involvement. In recognizing the need for broad stakeholder engagement to advance reproductive care provision and utilization, it is necessary to jointly study the varied stakeholder views on reproductive care services. METHODS: We applied an ethnographic study approach where field data was collected between March-May 2015 in three rural districts of northern Ghana...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070032/collaborative-partnership-and-the-social-value-of-clinical-research-a-qualitative-secondary-analysis
#11
Sanna-Maria Nurmi, Arja Halkoaho, Mari Kangasniemi, Anna-Maija Pietilä
BACKGROUND: Protecting human subjects from being exploited is one of the main ethical challenges for clinical research. However, there is also a responsibility to protect and respect the communities who are hosting the research. Recently, attention has focused on the most efficient way of carrying out clinical research, so that it benefits society by providing valuable research while simultaneously protecting and respecting the human subjects and the communities where the research is conducted...
October 25, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061635/the-strobe-extensions-protocol-for-a-qualitative-assessment-of-content-and-a-survey-of-endorsement
#12
Melissa K Sharp, Ana Utrobičić, Guadalupe Gómez, Erik Cobo, Elizabeth Wager, Darko Hren
INTRODUCTION: The STrengthening the Reporting of OBservational studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) Statement was developed in response to inadequate reporting of observational studies. In recent years, several extensions to STROBE have been created to provide more nuanced field-specific guidance for authors. The content and the prevalence of extension endorsement have not yet been assessed. Accordingly, there are two aims: (1) to classify changes made in the extensions to identify strengths and weaknesses of the original STROBE checklist and (2) to determine the prevalence and typology of endorsement by journals in fields related to extensions...
October 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052316/does-an-intervention-designed-to-improve-self-management-social-support-and-awareness-of-palliative-care-address-needs-of-persons-with-heart-failure-family-caregivers-and-clinicians
#13
Margaret Sebern, Nasir Sulemanjee, Mark J Sebern, Mauricio Garnier-Villarreal, Carol J Whitlatch
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The study aims were to conduct a formative evaluation of the iPad-Enhanced Shared Care Intervention for Partners (iSCIP) among persons with heart failure (HF), family caregivers, and clinicians. Together, persons with HF and family caregivers are referred to as partners. BACKGROUND: There is growing awareness of the caregiver's contributions to HF self-management, social support, and reciprocal benefits of interventions that involve both partners...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042187/exploring-patient-experiences-of-a-pain-management-centre-a-qualitative-study
#14
Manasi M Mittinty, John Lee, Amanda C de C Williams, Natasha Curran
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To improve care and management of patients with chronic pain it is important to understand patients' experiences of treatment, and of the people and the environment involved. As chronic pain patients often have long relationships with medical clinics and pain management centres, the team and team interactions with the patients could impact the treatment outcome. The aim of this study was to elicit as honest as possible an account of chronic pain patients' experiences associated with their care and feed this information back to the clinical team as motivation for improvement...
October 14, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034148/does-a-grill-menu-redesign-influence-sales-nutrients-purchased-and-consumer-acceptance-in-a-worksite-cafeteria
#15
Maya K Vadiveloo, Vasanti S Malik, Donna Spiegelman, Walter C Willett, Josiemer Mattei
Worksite cafeterias are compelling venues to improve diet quality through environmental changes. We conducted a pre-post study to evaluate how a cafeteria-initiated grill menu redesign influenced sales, revenue, and nutrient content of foods purchased. Secondly, we evaluated consumer opinions about menu changes to inform practices for worksite environment interventions. Monthly sales data (2012-2015) were used to compute gross sales and revenue of entrées and side dishes pre-post menu changes. Alternative protein sources replaced red meat; nutrient composition and nutrients purchased were compared using Food Pro software...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032184/exploring-young-adult-perspectives-on-the-use-of-gamification-and-social-media-in-a-smartphone-platform-for-improving-vegetable-intake
#16
Monica Marina Nour, Anika Saiyara Rouf, Margaret Allman-Farinelli
Young adults are the poorest consumers of vegetables. Social media and smartphones are frequently used by this demographic and could serve as an engaging medium for nutrition promotion. Five focus groups were conducted to capture participants' perceptions of a theory-based gamified self-monitoring app for improving vegetable intake of young adults. Ranking activities were used to gather feedback on preferences for social media posts. Data arising from group discussion were analysed using NVivo software using a deductive approach to group common ideas into themes...
January 1, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029759/patient-centered-research-priorities-in-ovarian-cancer-a-systematic-review-of-potential-determinants-of-guideline-care
#17
REVIEW
Rachel A Pozzar, Donna L Berry
OBJECTIVE: To (a) determine what is known about the individual and contextual factors that may influence whether a woman with ovarian cancer receives guideline care, and (b) identify patient-centered research priorities in ovarian cancer. METHODS: A systematic review of the PubMed, MEDLINE, CINAHL Complete, and PsycInfo online databases. Eligible articles were published in English, described original research, and either (a) identified factors associated with the receipt of guideline care for ovarian cancer, or (b) described treatment decision making by women with ovarian cancer...
October 10, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017897/patients-conceptions-of-terms-related-to-sexual-interest-desire-and-arousal
#18
John D DeLamater, Kevin P Weinfurt, Kathryn E Flynn
BACKGROUND: Measurement of sexual function typically uses self-report, which, to work as intended, must use language that is understood consistently by diverse respondents. Commonly used measures employ multiple terms, primarily (sexual) interest, desire, and arousal, that might not be understood in the same way by laypeople and professionals. AIM: To inform self-reported measurement efforts for research and clinical settings by examining how US men and women recruited from a health care setting understand and interpret different terms...
November 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016716/-we-have-a-right-to-know-exploring-consumer-opinions-on-content-design-and-acceptability-of-enhanced-alcohol-labels
#19
Kate Vallance, Inna Romanovska, Tim Stockwell, David Hammond, Laura Rosella, Erin Hobin
Aims: This study aimed to refine content and design of an enhanced alcohol label to provide information that best supports informed drinking and to gauge consumer acceptability of enhanced alcohol labels among a subset of consumers. Methods: Five focus groups (n = 45) were conducted with stakeholders and the general public (age 19+) across one jurisdiction in northern Canada. Interviews were transcribed and analyzed using NVivo software. Results: The majority of participants showed strong support for enhanced alcohol labels with an emphasis on the consumers' right to know about the health risks related to alcohol...
September 18, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994358/a-qualitative-study-conducted-in-the-usa-exploring-latino-fathers-beliefs-attitudes-and-practices-related-to-their-young-children-s-eating-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviours
#20
Ana Cristina Lindsay, Sherrie F Wallington, Mario A Muñoz, Mary L Greaney
OBJECTIVE: Increasing evidence documents fathers' influential role in their children's eating, physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviours (SB). We aimed to expand limited existing research examining fathers' influence in these areas by exploring Latino fathers' beliefs, attitudes and practices related to eating, PA and SB of their young children. DESIGN: Seven focus group discussions were conducted in Spanish with Latino fathers (n 28) of children aged 2-8 years...
October 10, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
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