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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333200/perceptions-of-mindfulness-in-a-low-income-primarily-african-american-treatment-seeking-sample
#1
Claire Adams Spears, Sean C Houchins, Wendy P Bamatter, Sandra Barrueco, Diana Stewart Hoover, Rokas Perskaudas
Individuals with low socioeconomic status (SES) and members of racial/ethnic minority groups often experience profound disparities in mental health and physical well-being. Mindfulness-based interventions show promise for improving mood and health behaviors in higher-SES and non-Latino White populations. However, research is needed to explore what types of adaptations, if any, are needed to best support underserved populations. This study used qualitative methods to gain information about a) perceptions of mindfulness, b) experiences with meditation, c) barriers to practicing mindfulness, and d) recommendations for tailoring mindfulness-based interventions in a low-income, primarily African American treatment-seeking sample...
December 2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326181/what-are-the-sources-of-stress-and-distress-for-general-practitioners-working-in-england-a-qualitative-study
#2
Ruth Riley, Johanna Spiers, Marta Buszewicz, Anna Kathryn Taylor, Gail Thornton, Carolyn Anne Chew-Graham
OBJECTIVES: This paper reports the sources of stress and distress experienced by general practitioners (GP) as part of a wider study exploring the barriers and facilitators to help-seeking for mental illness and burnout among this medical population. DESIGN: Qualitative study using in-depth interviews with 47 GP participants. The interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed, anonymised and imported into NVivo V.11 to facilitate data management. Data were analysed using a thematic analysis employing the constant comparative method...
January 11, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324961/naturalization-reciprocity-and-marks-of-marital-violence-male-defendants-perceptions
#3
Gilvânia Patrícia do Nascimento Paixão, Alvaro Pereira, Nadirlene Pereira Gomes, Anderson Reis de Sousa, Fernanda Matheus Estrela, Ubirajara Ramos Pereira da Silva Filho, Igor Brasil de Araújo
OBJECTIVE: to analyze male criminals' perception about marital violence. METHOD: An exploratory, descriptive, qualitative study undertaken with 23 men who were criminally prosecuted for marital violence. A multimethod data collection was conducted, with individual interview and focal group techniques combined, between May and December 2015. The data collected were initially categorized using the NVIVO® 11 software program, and then organized using the Collective Subject Discourse method...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316932/why-do-people-participate-in-mass-anti-malarial-administration-findings-from-a-qualitative-study-in-nong-district-savannakhet-province-lao-pdr-laos
#4
Bipin Adhikari, Koukeo Phommasone, Palingnaphone Kommarasy, Xayaphone Soundala, Phonesavanh Souvanthong, Tiengkham Pongvongsa, Gisela Henriques, Paul N Newton, Nicholas J White, Nicholas P J Day, Arjen M Dondorp, Lorenz von Seidlein, Mayfong Mayxay, Phaik Yeong Cheah, Christopher Pell
BACKGROUND: As a part of targeted malaria elimination (TME) in the Greater Mekong Sub-region (GMS), mass drug administration (MDA) with anti-malarials was conducted in four villages in Nong District, Savannakhet Province, Lao PDR (Laos). A high proportion of the target population participated in the MDA, with over 87% agreeing to take the anti-malarial. Drawing on qualitative data collected alongside the MDA, this article explores the factors that led to this high population coverage...
January 9, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309317/academic-anesthesiology-career-development-a-mixed-methods-evaluation-of-the-role-of-foundation-for-anesthesiology-education-and-research-funding
#5
Rebecca M Speck, Denham S Ward, Lee A Fleisher
BACKGROUND: In 1986, the American Society of Anesthesiologists created the Foundation for Anesthesiology Education and Research (FAER) to fund young anesthesiology investigators toward the goal of helping launch their academic careers. Determining the impact of the FAER grant program has been of importance. METHODS: This mixed-methods study included quantitative data collection through a Research Electronic Data Capture survey and curriculum vitae (CV) submission and qualitative interviews...
January 5, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306097/cue-acquisition-a-feature-of-malawian-midwives-decision-making-process-to-support-normality-during-the-first-stage-of-labour
#6
Elizabeth Chodzaza, Elaine Haycock-Stuart, Aisha Holloway, Rosemary Mander
OBJECTIVE: to explore Malawian midwives decision making when caring for women during the first stage of labour in the hospital setting. DESIGN AND METHODS: this focused ethnographic study examined the decision making process of 9 nurse-midwives with varying years of clinical experience in the real world setting of an urban and semi urban hospital from October 2013 to May 2014.This was done using 27 participant observations and 27 post-observation in-depth interviews over a period of six months...
December 6, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301765/patient-journey-following-lumbar-spinal-fusion-surgery-lsfs-protocol-for-a-multicentre-qualitative-analysis-of-the-patient-rehabilitation-experience-fujourn
#7
Alison Rushton, J Bart Staal, Martin Verra, Andrew Emms, Michael Reddington, Andrew Soundy, Ashley Cole, Paul Willems, Lorin Benneker, Annabel Masson, Nicola R Heneghan
INTRODUCTION: There has been a 65% increase in lumbar spinal fusion surgery (LSFS) worldwide over the last 13 years, with costs of £26 million to the UK National Health Service annually. Patient dissatisfaction with outcome and persistent pain and disability incurs further costs. Three trials provide low-quality evidence for the role of physiotherapy. Our UK surveys investigating physiotherapy/surgeon practice concluded rehabilitation should be tailored to the individual patient owing to considerable clinical heterogeneity...
January 3, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298326/understanding-the-experience-and-manifestation-of-depression-in-adolescents-living-with-hiv-in-harare-zimbabwe
#8
Nicola Willis, Webster Mavhu, Carol Wogrin, Abigail Mutsinze, Ashraf Kagee
BACKGROUND: Studies have found that adolescents living with HIV are at risk of depression, which in turn affects adherence to medication. This study explored the experience and manifestation of depression in adolescents living with HIV in Zimbabwe in order to inform intervention development. METHODS: We conducted a body mapping exercise with 21 HIV positive 15-19 years olds who had been diagnosed with major depressive disorder. Participants created a painted map of their body to assist them in expressing their somatic and emotional experiences in qualitative interviews...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294756/-if-she-refuses-to-have-sex-with-you-just-make-her-tipsy-a-qualitative-study-exploring-alcohol-facilitated-sexual-violence-against-nigerian-female-students
#9
Emeka W Dumbili, Clare Williams
Most research on alcohol consumption and related sexual violence focuses on Western societies. Drawing on traditional masculinity scripts, this article contributes to the culturally specific understanding of how Nigerian sociocultural constructions of alcohol consumption facilitate sexual violence against women. In-depth interviews were conducted with 31 male and female undergraduate students (aged 19-23 years), exploring how the gendering of alcoholic beverages facilitates men's perpetration of sexual violence against women in a Nigerian university...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290741/identifying-barriers-and-facilitators-at-affect-community-pharmacists-ability-to-engage-children-in-medication-counseling-a-pilot-study
#10
Olufunmilola Abraham, Dayna S Alexander, Loren J Schleiden, Delesha M Carpenter
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to describe the barriers and facilitators that influence community pharmacists' ability to provide medication counseling to pediatric patients. METHODS: Semistructured interviews (n = 16) were conducted with pharmacy staff at 3 community pharmacies in 2 Eastern states. The interview guide elicited pharmacy staff experiences interacting with children and their perceived barriers and facilitators to providing medication counseling. Transcripts were reviewed for accuracy and a codebook was developed for data analysis...
November 2017: Journal of Pediatric Pharmacology and Therapeutics: JPPT: the Official Journal of PPAG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284217/qualitative-case-study-of-strength-weakness-opportunity-and-threat-analysis-of-integrating-world-health-organization-patient-safety-curriculum-in-undergraduate-medical-education-in-pakistan
#11
Samreen Misbah, Usman Mahboob
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats of integrating the World Health Organization (WHO) patient safety curriculum in medical education in Pakistan. Methods: A qualitative interpretive case study was done at Riphah International University, Islamabad, from October 2016 to June 2017. The study included nine faculty members and one expert on patient safety. The interviews were audio-taped, and a thematic analysis of transcript was done using NVivo software...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281636/healthcare-provider-perspectives-on-managing-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-hiv-care-settings-in-kenya-a-qualitative-thematic-analysis
#12
Kipruto Chesang, Sureyya Hornston, Odylia Muhenje, Teresa Saliku, Joy Mirjahangir, Amanda Viitanen, Helgar Musyoki, Christine Awuor, George Githuka, Naomi Bock
BACKGROUND: The burden of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) has been increasing in Kenya, as is the case elsewhere in sub-Saharan Africa, while measures for control and prevention are weak. The objectives of this study were to (1) describe healthcare provider (HCP) knowledge and practices, (2) explore HCP attitudes and beliefs, (3) identify structural and environmental factors affecting STI management, and (4) seek recommendations to improve the STI program in Kenya. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Using individual in-depth interviews (IDIs), data were obtained from 87 HCPs working in 21 high-volume comprehensive HIV care centers (CCCs) in 7 of Kenya's 8 regions...
December 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279029/beyond-leisure-the-role-of-alcohol-in-the-lives-of-nigerian-university-students
#13
Emeka W Dumbili, Blessing N Onyima
BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption among young people in Nigeria has traditionally been constrained due to the socio-cultural belief that alcohol is for adults. In contemporary Nigeria, media reports indicate that young people drink alcohol regularly in large quantities, but empirical research on what motivates their alcohol use is lacking. OBJECTIVES: To explore the motives for consuming alcohol among male and female students at a Nigerian university. METHODS: Drawing on motivational theories of alcohol use, 31 semi-structured interviews were conducted with students (aged 19-23 years)...
December 26, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277114/developing-a-falls-prevention-program-for-community-dwelling-stroke-survivors-in-singapore-client-and-caregiver-perspectives
#14
Tianma Xu, Kate O'Loughlin, Lindy Clemson, Natasha A Lannin, Catherine Dean, Gerald Koh
PURPOSE: Drawing on the perspectives of stroke survivors, family members and domestic helpers, this study explores participants' experiences of self-perceived fall risk factors after stroke, common fall prevention strategies used, and challenges to community participation after a fall. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted in Singapore with community-dwelling stroke survivors with a previous fall (n = 9), family caregivers (n = 4), and domestic helpers (n = 4) who have cared for a stroke survivor with a previous fall...
December 25, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273655/politics-policies-and-processes-a-multidisciplinary-and-multimethods-research-programme-on-policies-on-the-social-determinants-of-health-inequity-in-australia
#15
Fran Baum, Sharon Friel
INTRODUCTION: The development and implementation of multisectoral policy to improve health and reduce health inequities has been slow and uneven. Evidence is largely focused on the facts of health inequities rather than understanding the political and policy processes. This 5-year funded programme of research investigates how these processes could function more effectively to improve equitable population health. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The programme of work is organised in four work packages using four themes (macroeconomics and infrastructure, land use and urban environments, health systems and racism) related to the structural drivers shaping the distribution of power, money and resources and daily living conditions...
December 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260388/vitamin-g-arden-a-qualitative-study-exploring-perception-s-of-horticultural-therapy-on-a-palliative-care-ward
#16
Eva Katharina Masel, Helena Trinczek, Feroniki Adamidis, Sophie Schur, Matthias Unseld, Anna Kitta, Kathrin Kirchheiner, Birgit Steininger, Karoline Meixner-Katzmann, Herbert Hans Watzke
PURPOSE: In a palliative care setting, the preservation of quality of life is of particular importance. Horticultural therapy (HT) is reported as an excellent way to improve physical as well as psychological well-being, reduce levels of anxiety and depression, and promote social interaction. The use of horticultural interventions in palliative care has not yet been explored. The aim of this study was to explore the effects of HT in patients and team members on a palliative care ward. METHODS: This study was based on a qualitative methodology, comprising 20 semistructured interviews with 15 advanced cancer patients participating in HT and with 5 members of the palliative care team...
December 19, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247096/what-are-the-experiences-of-seeking-receiving-and-providing-fgm-related-healthcare-perspectives-of-health-professionals-and-women-girls-who-have-undergone-fgm-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence
#17
Catrin Evans, Ritah Tweheyo, Julie McGarry, Jeanette Eldridge, Carol McCormick, Valentine Nkoyo, Gina Marie Awoko Higginbottom
INTRODUCTION: Female genital mutilation (FGM) is an issue of global concern. High levels of migration mean that healthcare systems in higher-income western countries are increasingly being challenged to respond to the care needs of affected communities. Research has identified significant challenges in the provision of, and access to, FGM-related healthcare. There is a lack of confidence and competence among health professionals in providing appropriate care, suggesting an urgent need for evidence-based service development in this area...
December 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240897/factors-influencing-women-in-physical-activity-programs-in-malaysia
#18
C Hanlon, S Khoo, T Morris, R Eime
The majority of research on factors associated with women participation in physical activity (PA) has been in developed countries with limited research in developing countries. Few women in Malaysia are active at the recommended levels for health, and activity rates are less than developed countries. Little research has focused specially on physically active Malaysian women and the factors that contribute to them becoming and staying active in PA programs. This lack of knowledge hinders the tailored development and implementation of PA programs to meet their needs...
December 11, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238613/public-involvement-could-usefully-inform-ethical-review-but-rarely-does-what-are-the-implications
#19
Kristina Staley, Jim Elliott
Plain English summary: Researchers carrying out research in the NHS in England have to obtain approval for their study from an NHS Research Ethics Committee (REC). Involving the public in research helps to ensure studies are ethically acceptable to the people taking part, and therefore supports the REC review. The form used by RECs asks researchers to describe any involvement that has taken place before the review or any planned for the future. We analysed researchers' reports of involvement in 2748 applications to RECs in 2014, to assess how well their approaches to involvement are informing the review process...
2017: Research Involvement and Engagement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233405/tone-and-style-in-pharmacy-course-syllabi
#20
Marty Eng, Jordan Nicholls, Lindsay Mailloux
OBJECTIVE: Syllabi are a part of the teaching and learning experience in pharmacy curricula. Yet, little has been done to understand the effects of these documents. Studies in Psychology and Social Work report important effects of style and tone of syllabi on student perceptions and performance. We sought to describe a cross-sectional pattern in the tone and style of pharmacy course syllabi. METHODS: We retrieved syllabi via US pharmacy institutions and association website searches...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
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