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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910182/consumers-perceptions-of-edible-marijuana-products-for-recreational-use-likes-dislikes-and-reasons-for-use
#1
Kristen C Giombi, Katherine M Kosa, Carrie Rains, Sheryl C Cates
BACKGROUND: Edible marijuana products have become extremely popular in states that have legalized marijuana for recreational use. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this research was to provide a better understanding of consumer perceptions of edible marijuana products, including why they prefer edibles relative to other forms of marijuana (e.g., smoking) and their concerns regarding the consumption of edibles. METHODS: We conducted eight focus groups (four groups in Denver, Colorado, and four groups in Seattle, Washington) in February 2016 with 62 adult consumers of edibles...
September 14, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903743/a-socio-ecological-analysis-of-barriers-to-the-adoption-sustainablity-and-consistent-use-of-sanitation-facilities-in-rural-ethiopia
#2
Fikralem Alemu, Abera Kumie, Girmay Medhin, Teshome Gebre, Phoebe Godfrey
BACKGROUND: Despite evidence showing that access to and use of improved sanitation is associated with healthier households and communities, barriers influencing the adoption and sustainablity of sanitation facilities remain unclear. We conducted a qualitative case study to explore barriers influencing the adoption, sustainablity and consistent use of sanitation facilities in rural Ethiopia. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted in the rural district of Becho, in central Ethiopia, from June to August 2016...
September 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893766/barriers-facilitators-and-survival-strategies-for-gps-seeking-treatment-for-distress-a-qualitative-study
#3
Johanna Spiers, Marta Buszewicz, Carolyn A Chew-Graham, Clare Gerada, David Kessler, Nick Leggett, Chris Manning, Anna Kathryn Taylor, Gail Thornton, Ruth Riley
BACKGROUND: GPs are under increasing pressure due to a lack of resources, a diminishing workforce, and rising patient demand. As a result, they may feel stressed, burnt out, anxious, or depressed. AIM: To establish what might help or hinder GPs experiencing mental distress as they consider seeking help for their symptoms, and to explore potential survival strategies. DESIGN AND SETTING: The authors recruited 47 GP participants via e-mails to doctors attending a specialist service, adverts to local medical committees (LMCs) nationally and in GP publications, social media, and snowballing...
September 11, 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893264/maximizing-research-study-effectiveness-in-malaria-elimination-settings-a-mixed-methods-study-to-capture-the-experiences-of-field-based-staff
#4
Sara E Canavati, Cesia E Quintero, Britt Haller, Dysoley Lek, Sovann Yok, Jack S Richards, Maxine Anne Whittaker
BACKGROUND: In a drug-resistant, malaria elimination setting like Western Cambodia, field research is essential for the development of novel anti-malarial regimens and the public health solutions necessary to monitor the spread of resistance and eliminate infection. Such field studies often face a variety of similar implementation challenges, but these are rarely captured in a systematic way or used to optimize future study designs that might overcome similar challenges. Field-based research staff often have extensive experience and can provide valuable insight regarding these issues, but their perspectives and experiences are rarely documented and seldom integrated into future research protocols...
September 11, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886709/improving-the-production-of-applied-health-research-findings-insights-from-a-qualitative-study-of-operational-research
#5
Sonya Crowe, Simon Turner, Martin Utley, Naomi J Fulop
BACKGROUND: Knowledge produced through applied health research is often of a form not readily accessible to or actionable by policymakers and practitioners, which hinders its implementation. Our aim was to identify research activities that can support the production of knowledge tailored to inform policy and practice. To do this, we studied an operational research approach to improving the production of applied health research findings. METHODS: A 2-year qualitative study was conducted of the operational research contribution to a multidisciplinary applied health research project that was successful in rapidly informing national policy...
September 8, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883601/how-prepared-are-foundation-dentists-in-england-and-wales-for-independent-general-dental-practice
#6
M Ray, A Milston, P Doherty, S Crean
Introduction The Graduate Assessment of Preparedness for Practice (GAPP) questionnaire has been shown to be valid and reliable in assessing the preparedness of foundation dentists (FDs) for independent general dental practice (GDP). In this study it is used to establish preparedness at six weeks of dental foundation training (DFT) across England and Wales.Method GAPP questionnaires were sent to all FDs and ESs in England and Wales in mid-September 2012. Part 1 of the GAPP questionnaire collected the descriptive data of respondents...
September 8, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882134/a-conceptual-framework-for-patient-centered-fertility-treatment
#7
Elizabeth A Duthie, Alexandra Cooper, Joseph B Davis, Katherine D Schoyer, Jay Sandlow, Estil Y Strawn, Kathryn E Flynn
BACKGROUND: Patient-centered care is a pillar of quality health care and is important to patients experiencing infertility. In this study we used empirical, in-depth data on couples' experiences of infertility treatment decision making to inform and revise a conceptual framework for patient-centered fertility treatment that was developed based on health care professionals' conceptualizations of fertility treatment, covering effectiveness, burden, safety, and costs. METHODS: In this prospective, longitudinal mixed methods study, we collected data from both members (separately) of 37 couples who scheduled an initial consult with a reproductive specialist...
September 7, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879244/care-pathways-in-persistent-orofacial-pain-qualitative-evidence-from-the-deep-study
#8
M Breckons, S M Bissett, C Exley, V Araujo-Soares, J Durham
Persistent orofacial pain is relatively common and known to have an adverse effect on quality of life. Previous studies suggest that the current care pathway may be problematic, but it is not well understood which health services patients access and what their experience is. The aim of this study was to explore care pathways and their impact from the perspective of patients. Qualitative interviews were conducted with a maximum variation sample of patients recruited from primary (community based) and secondary (specialist hospital based) care in the United Kingdom...
January 2017: JDR Clinical and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878868/hiv-testing-and-risk-perceptions-a-qualitative-analysis-of-secondary-school-students-in-kampala-uganda
#9
George Aluzimbi, George Lubwama, Michael Muyonga, Wolfgang Hladik
The purpose of this paper is to explore the perceptions of self-reported HIV testing and risk behavior among sexually active adolescents and youth in secondary schools in Kampala Uganda. This was a cross-sectional survey conducted between June and October 2010 among secondary school students in Kampala, Uganda. Forty eight (48) students across the 54 schools were purposively selected for the qualitative sub-study based on their responses to particular questions. We thematically analyzed 28 interviews for our qualitative study using Nvivo software...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862389/the-role-of-high-expectations-of-self-and-social-desirability-in-emotional-processing-in-individuals-with-irritable-bowel-syndrome-a-qualitative-study
#10
Alice Sibelli, Trudie Chalder, Hazel Everitt, Paul Workman, Felicity L Bishop, Rona Moss-Morris
OBJECTIVES: Although high levels of distress are associated with the onset and severity of Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), it is unclear how this relates to emotional processing, particularly in relation to maintenance of symptoms and treatment outcome. This qualitative study embedded within a randomized controlled trial aimed to explore how individuals with refractory IBS experience, express, and manage their emotions after either therapist-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy (TCBT) or Web-based CBT (WBCBT) compared to treatment as usual (TAU)...
September 1, 2017: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859610/jump-step-a-community-based-participatory-approach-to-physical-activity-mental-wellness
#11
Joanie Sims-Gould, Sara Vazirian, Neville Li, Ronald Remick, Karim Khan
BACKGROUND: There is a physical inactivity pandemic around the world despite the known benefits of engaging in physical activity. This is true for individuals who would receive notable benefits from physical activity, in particular those with mood disorders. In this study, we explored the factors that facilitate and impede engagement in physical activity for individuals with a mood disorder. The intent was to understand the key features of a community based physical activity program for these individuals...
August 31, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854925/sowing-the-seeds-of-transformative-practice-to-actualize-women-s-rights-to-respectful-maternity-care-reflections-from-kenya-using-the-consolidated-framework-for-implementation-research
#12
Charlotte E Warren, Charity Ndwiga, Pooja Sripad, Melissa Medich, Anne Njeru, Alice Maranga, George Odhiambo, Timothy Abuya
BACKGROUND: Despite years of growing concern about poor provider attitudes and women experiencing mistreatment during facility based childbirth, there are limited interventions that specifically focus on addressing these issues. The Heshima project is an evidence-based participatory implementation research study conducted in 13 facilities in Kenya. It engaged a range of community, facility, and policy stakeholders to address the causes of mistreatment during childbirth and promote respectful maternity care...
August 30, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853314/stakeholders-perspectives-on-strategies-for-the-recruitment-and-retention-of-primary-health-care-employees-in-qatar-a-qualitative-approach
#13
Mohamad Alameddine, Rami Yassoub, Yara Mourad, Hiba Khodr
This study explores the recruitment and retention conditions influencing primary health care (PHC) human resources for health (HRH) in Qatar and suggests strategies for their improvement. A qualitative design employing semistructured key informant interviews with PHC stakeholders in Qatar was utilized. Key interviewees were originally recognized, and snowball sampling was used to identify additional interviewees until reaching saturation point. Interview scripts were transcribed and then analyzed thematically using the Nvivo software package...
January 1, 2017: Inquiry: a Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851787/a-qualitative-study-exploring-the-social-and-environmental-context-of-recently-acquired-hiv-infection-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-south-east-england
#14
Annabelle Gourlay, Julie Fox, Mitzy Gafos, Sarah Fidler, Nneka Nwokolo, Amanda Clarke, Richard Gilson, Chloe Orkin, Simon Collins, Kholoud Porter, Graham Hart
OBJECTIVES: A key UK public health priority is to reduce HIV incidence among gay and other men who have sex with men (MSM). This study aimed to explore the social and environmental context in which new HIV infections occurred among MSM in London and Brighton in 2015. DESIGN: A qualitative descriptive study, comprising in-depth interviews, was carried out as a substudy to the UK Register of HIV Seroconverters cohort: an observational cohort of individuals whose date of HIV seroconversion was well estimated...
August 28, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851308/patterns-and-determinants-of-pathways-to-reach-comprehensive-emergency-obstetric-and-neonatal-care-cemonc-in-south-sudan-qualitative-diagrammatic-pathway-analysis
#15
Khalifa Elmusharaf, Elaine Byrne, Ayat AbuAgla, Amal AbdelRahim, Mary Manandhar, Egbert Sondorp, Diarmuid O'Donovan
BACKGROUND: Maternity referral systems have been under-documented, under-researched, and under-theorised. Responsive emergency referral systems and appropriate transportation are cornerstones in the continuum of care and central to the complex health system. The pathways that women follow to reach Emergency Obstetric and Neonatal Care (EmONC) once a decision has been made to seek care have received relatively little attention. The aim of this research was to identify patterns and determinants of the pathways pregnant women follow from the onset of labour or complications until they reach an appropriate health facility...
August 29, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845405/essential-nutrition-and-food-systems-components-for-school-curricula-views-from-experts-in-iran
#16
Sanaz Sadegholvad, Heather Yeatman, Nasrin Omidvar, Anne-Maree Parrish, Anthony Worsley
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate food experts' views on important nutrition and food systems knowledge issues for education purposes at schools in Iran. METHODS: In 2012, semi-structured, face-to-face or telephone interviews were conducted with twenty-eight acknowledged Iranian experts in food and nutrition fields. Participants were selected from four major provinces in Iran (Tehran, Isfahan, Fars and Gilan). Open-ended interview questions were used to identify nutrition and food systems knowledge issues, which experts considered as important to be included in school education programs...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844891/implementing-the-academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-benchmarks-for-nutrition-education-for-children-child-care-providers-perspectives
#17
Dipti A Dev, Virginia Carraway-Stage, Daniel J Schober, Brent A McBride, Car Mun Kok, Samantha Ramsay
BACKGROUND: National childhood obesity prevention policies recommend that child-care providers educate young children about nutrition to improve their nutrition knowledge and eating habits. Yet, the provision of nutrition education (NE) to children in child-care settings is limited. OBJECTIVE: Using the 2011 Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics benchmarks for NE in child care as a guiding framework, researchers assessed child-care providers' perspectives regarding delivery of NE through books, posters, mealtime conversations, hands-on learning, and sensory exploration of foods to young children (aged 2 to 5 years)...
August 24, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842523/what-end-users-and-stakeholders-want-from-automated-insulin-delivery-systems
#18
Diana Naranjo, Sakinah C Suttiratana, Esti Iturralde, Katharine D Barnard, Jill Weissberg-Benchell, Lori Laffel, Korey K Hood
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to rigorously explore psychosocial factors associated with automated insulin delivery systems among people living with type 1 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Across four sites in the U.S. and U.K., 284 participants completed structured interviews or focus groups on expectations, desired features, potential benefits, and perceived burdens of automated insulin delivery systems. Recorded audio files were transcribed and analyzed using NVivo...
August 25, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835106/adaptation-of-the-global-frameworks-for-community-based-rehabilitation-in-southern-africa-a-proof-of-concept
#19
Vyvienne Rp M'kumbuzi, Hellen Myezwa
INTRODUCTION: Community based rehabilitation (CBR) has evolved over the last 30 years and now focuses on empowering persons with disabilities to access and benefit from a wide range of services. The essence and ethos of CBR is captured in several global frameworks, such as the UN Convention on the Rights of People with Disabilities (2006) and the <i>CBR guidelines</i> (2010). The latter contains the CBR matrix. All 15 countries in southern Africa are implementing CBR mostly in rural areas, but the policy framework to guide CBR in the region is unknown...
July 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833511/detection-and-care-practices-for-postpartum-depressive-symptoms-in-public-sector-obstetric-units-in-mexico-qualitative-results-from-a-resource-constrained-setting
#20
Jean Marie S Place, Betania Allen-Leigh, Deborah L Billings, Kiya M Dues, Filipa de Castro
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression (PPD) is amenable to detection and treatment, but effectively addressing it is contingent on policies, practices, and health care providers working together to address the issue. The aim of this study is to describe a sample of health care providers' existing practices in public-sector obstetric units in Mexico related to detecting and offering care to women with depressive symptomology. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews with 40 health care providers (16 physicians, 13 nurses, three social workers, and eight psychologists) from one tertiary-level and two secondary-level, public-sector obstetric units, were conducted by members of a trained research team from May to July 2012...
August 22, 2017: Birth
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