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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355878/negotiating-risky-preferences-in-nursing-homes-a-case-study-of-the-rothschild-person-centered-care-planning-approach
#1
Liza Behrens, Kimberly Van Haitsma, Jennifer Brush, Marie Boltz, Donna Volpe, Ann Marie Kolanowksi
Delivering person-centered care (PCC) is no longer an option for nursing homes (NH) that receive funding from the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. NH staff need evidence-based protocols to guide efforts in honoring preferred choices of residents, especially those that are perceived to be risky. The Rothschild Care Planning Process for Resident Choice was created to honor such choices. The current article provides a case exemplar to demonstrate the use of the Rothschild Care Planning Process for Resident Choice with one NH resident who was perceived by staff to be making a risky choice...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355446/negotiating-the-humanitarian-space-new-opportunities-for-action-and-research
#2
G Bowsher, F Gibson-Fall, R Bernard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353575/the-sociocultural-functions-of-episodic-memory
#3
Robyn Fivush
The functional use of episodic memories to claim epistemic truth must be placed within sociocultural contexts in which certain truths are privileged. Episodic memories are shared, evaluated, and understood within sociocultural interactions, creating both individual and group identities. These negotiated identities provide the foundation from which epistemic claims to truth can be made.
January 2018: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353139/effects-of-lighting-illuminance-levels-on-stair-negotiation-performance-in-individuals-with-visual-impairment
#4
Aliah F Shaheen, Alexandros Sourlas, Khim Horton, Christopher McLean, David Ewins, David Gould, Salim Ghoussayni
BACKGROUND: Stair-related falls of older people cause a substantial financial and social burden. Deterioration of the visual system amongst other factors put older people at a high risk of falling. Improved lighting is often recommended. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of lighting illuminance on stair negotiation performance in older individuals with visual impairment. METHODS: Eleven participants aged 60 or over with a vision of 6/18 or worse ascended and descended a staircase under: 50 lx, 100 lx, 200 lx, 300 lx and distributed 200 lx lighting...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351726/paper-tools-and-periodic-tables-newlands-and-mendeleev-draw-grids
#5
Michael D Gordin
This essay elaborates on Ursula Klein's methodological concept of "paper tools" by drawing on several examples from the history of the periodic table. Moving from John A. R. Newlands's "Law of Octaves," to Dmitrii Mendeleev's first drafts of his periodic system in 1869, to Mendeleev's chemical speculations on the place of the ether within his classification, one sees that the ways in which the scientists presented the balance between empirical data and theoretical manipulation proved crucial for the chemical community's acceptance or rejection of their proposed innovations...
January 19, 2018: Ambix
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350901/adsorption-and-diffusion-of-lithium-and-sodium-on-defective-rhenium-disulfide-a-first-principles-study
#6
Sankha Mukherjee, Avinav Banwait, Sean Grixti, Nikhil A Koratkar, Chandra Veer Singh
Single layer Rhenium disulfide (ReS2) is a unique material with distinctive, anisotropic electronic, mechanical and optical properties and has the potential to be used as an anode in alkali metal ion batteries. In this work, first principles calculations were performed to systematically evaluate the potential of monolayer pristine and defective ReS2 as anodes in lithium (Li) and sodium (Na)-ion batteries. Our calculations suggest that there are several potential adsorption sites for Li and Na on pristine ReS2, owing to its low-symmetry structure...
January 19, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340508/-space-time-and-power-in-hospital-health-care-contributions-based-on-the-ethnography-of-an-obstetric-center
#7
María Guadalupe García, María Laura Recoder, Susana Margulies
This paper presents the results of an ethnographic study of an obstetric center within a hospital of Greater Buenos Aires and an analysis of the spatio-temporal dimension of hospital care. The fieldwork, carried out between 2007 and 2011, followed the everyday dynamics of the hospital and included observation in the obstetrics unit (waiting areas, the obstetric center where births and emergencies receive care, and the ambulatory care, ultrasound, and hospitalization rooms, among others) as well as spaces such as the appointments and statistics offices, the office of social services, the central hall, the pharmacy, and hallway waiting areas...
July 2017: Salud Colectiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336701/coming-out-of-the-shadows-and-the-closet-visibility-schemas-among-undocuqueer-immigrants
#8
Jesus Cisneros, Christian Bracho
Centering the experiences of 31 undocuqueer immigrants, this study seeks to understand the ways that undocuqueer immigrants negotiate the boundaries of social performance by revealing or concealing their gender, sexuality, and immigration status. Findings of this study reveal how, in order to avoid the constant threat of rejection (both legal and social), undocuqueer immigrants engage visibility schemas and make strategic decisions about coming out of the shadows and the closet across different contexts. Undocuqueer immigrants' narratives reveal the ways the closet resembles the shadows in that both provide protection from the outside world, yet neither are considered suitable places for sustaining life...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336695/-ghosts-from-the-past-the-re-emergence-of-internalised-religious-stigma-following-diagnosis-of-hiv-among-northern-irish-gay-men
#9
Keith Kerrigan, Gill Green
This paper explores how previous exposure to religious homo-negativity features in the sense making process following HIV diagnosis in a homogenous sample of six gay men living in Northern Ireland. Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis was used to identify two key overarching themes: 'Negotiating authenticity in unsafe space' which relates to the experience of negotiating same sex attraction within religious environments and 'Re-emergence of religious shame in diagnosis' which relates to the way in which the men made sense of diagnosis from the position of having been exposed to religious homo-negativity earlier in their lives...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334946/surmounting-difficulties-to-provide-home-based-neonatal-care-reflections-of-community-health-workers
#10
Abhijit Shrinivas Prabhughate, Pearl Tiwari, Shubhangi Sohoni, Vallaree Anant Morgaonkar, Ajay Gajanan Phatak, Somashekhar Marutirao Nimbalkar, Anagha Anand Mahajani
BACKGROUND: In India, community health workers' (CHW) effectiveness in providing home-based neonatal care (HBNC) has been well documented. The nature of challenges faced and strategies adopted while providing HBNC services need to be studied in-depth. METHODS: A qualitative study to understand the challenges faced and strategies used by Sakhis (women CHW) while providing services as part of a HBNC program implemented by a non-profit organization. Data consisted of 20 in-depth interviews and three focus group discussions (FGD) with Sakhis...
January 15, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333889/risking-it-anyway-an-adolescent-case-study-of-trauma-sexual-and-gender-identities-and-relationality
#11
Elizabeth A McConnell
This article presents the case of a Chinese-American adolescent with a significant trauma history who was questioning her sexual and gender identities. The implications of the client's intersecting identities for case conceptualization and treatment are considered within the framework of affirmative practices for sexual and gender minority (SGM) clients. The impacts of stress and trauma on this client's experiences-and SGM clients more broadly-are also considered, particularly with respect to how this client understood and negotiated her experiences of relational trauma...
January 15, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333879/negotiating-the-interpretation-of-depression-shared-among-kin
#12
Claire Snell-Rood, Richard Merkel, Nancy Schoenberg
Kinship processes contribute to the experience and interpretation of depression-generating empathy as well as silencing. We explore intersubjective experiences of depression among kin with the aim of understanding how depression can reveal kinship expectations and evolving concepts of distress. In interviews with 28 low-income rural Appalachian women about their depression, participants articulated depression as a social process that neither starts nor ends in themselves. Yet kinship obligations to recognize family members' depression limited women's ability to admit distress, let alone request care...
January 15, 2018: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332508/battered-wives-or-dependent-mothers-negotiating-familial-ideology-in-law
#13
Chulani Kodikara
More than a decade after its passing, Sri Lanka's Prevention of Domestic Violence Act (PDVA) remains a remedy of last resort for female survivors of intimate partner violence, as there is little support to take on a rights-defined identity as a battered woman both inside and outside the courtroom. However, large numbers of women are accessing the Maintenance Act of 1999 to exit violent relationships without the censure and stigma that attaches to the PDVA. The key to understanding this phenomenon is to consider how familial ideology works in unpredictable ways within the Sri Lankan judicial system...
September 1, 2017: Violence Against Women
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330237/-the-hand-on-the-doorknob-visit-agenda-setting-by-complex-patients-and-their-primary-care-physicians
#14
Christine P Kowalski, Deanna B McQuillan, Neetu Chawla, Courtney Lyles, Andrea Altschuler, Connie S Uratsu, Elizabeth A Bayliss, Michele Heisler, Richard W Grant
BACKGROUND: Choosing which issues to discuss in the limited time available during primary care visits is an important task for complex patients with chronic conditions. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: We conducted sequential interviews with complex patients (n = 40) and their primary care physicians (n = 17) from 3 different health systems to investigate how patients and physicians prepare for visits, how visit agendas are determined, and how discussion priorities are established during time-limited visits...
January 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330172/origins-of-tobacco-harm-reduction-in-the-uk-the-product-modification-programme-1972-1991
#15
Jesse Elias, Pamela M Ling
OBJECTIVE: To better understand the current embrace of long-term nicotine maintenance by British governmental agencies and tobacco harm reduction by several leading British public health organisations, describe the context and deliberations of the UK's first formal tobacco risk reduction programme: 'Product Modification'. METHODS: Analysis of previously secret tobacco industry documents, news archives and Parliamentary debate records. RESULTS: From 1972 to 1991, the British government sought to investigate safer smoking through the 'product modification programme'...
January 12, 2018: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327484/factors-affecting-general-practice-collaboration-with-voluntary-and-community-sector-organisations
#16
Kris Southby, Mark Gamsu
Collaborative working between general practice (GP) and voluntary and community sector (VCS) organisations is increasingly championed as a means of primary care doing more with less and of addressing patients' "wicked problems". This paper aims to add to the knowledge base around collaborative practice between GPs and VCS organisations by examining the factors that aid or inhibit such collaboration. A case study design was used to examine the lived-experience of GPs and VCS organisations working collaboratively...
January 12, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327351/negotiating-inter-professional-interaction-playing-the-general-practitioner-pharmacist-game
#17
Fay Bradley, Darren M Ashcroft, Nick Crossley
Despite a mutual interest in optimising the benefits of medication for patients, the general practitioner (GP) and community pharmacist (CP) often work in isolation from one another, both physically and figuratively. Sources of tension include pharmacy's 'shopkeeper' image, traditional medical hierarchies and potential encroachment on professional boundaries. This article examines GP and CP perceptions of their interactions and negotiations and, drawing on the works of Stein and Goffman, identifies a set of 'unwritten' rules, termed the 'GP-pharmacist game', which involves the concept of 'face-work'...
January 12, 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327138/handling-and-reporting-of-transperineal-template-prostate-biopsy-in-europe-a-web-based-survey-by-the-european-network-of-uropathology-enup
#18
Solene-Florence Kammerer-Jacquet, Eva Compérat, Lars Egevad, Ondra Hes, Jon Oxley, Murali Varma, Glen Kristiansen, Daniel M Berney
Transperineal template prostate biopsies (TTPB) are performed for assessments after unexpected negative transrectal ultrasound biopsies (TRUSB), correlation with imaging findings and during active surveillance. The impact of TTPBs on pathology has not been analysed. The European Network of Uropathology (ENUP) distributed a survey on TTPB, including how specimens were received, processed and analysed. Two hundred forty-four replies were received from 22 countries with TTPBs seen by 68.4% of the responders (n = 167)...
January 11, 2018: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326079/unlocking-the-full-potential-of-open-innovation-in-the-life-sciences-through-a-classification-system
#19
Niclas Nilsson, Timo Minssen
A common understanding of expectations and requirements is critical for boosting research-driven business opportunities in open innovation (OI) settings. Transparent communication requires common definitions and standards for OI to align the expectations of both parties. Here, we suggest a five-level classification system for OI models, reflecting the degree of openness. The aim of this classification system is to reduce contract negotiation complexity and times between two parties looking to engage in OI. Systematizing definitions and contractual terms for OI in the life sciences helps to reduce entry barriers and boosts collaborative value generation...
January 8, 2018: Drug Discovery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325579/the-return-of-the-iberian-lynx-to-portugal-local-voices
#20
Margarida Lopes-Fernandes, Clara Espírito-Santo, Amélia Frazão-Moreira
BACKGROUND: Ethnographic research can help to establish dialog between conservationists and local people in reintroduction areas. Considering that predator reintroductions may cause local resistance, we assessed attitudes of different key actor profiles to the return of the Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus) to Portugal before reintroduction started in 2015. We aimed to characterize a social context from an ethnoecological perspective, including factors such as local knowledge, perceptions, emotions, and opinions...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
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