Read by QxMD icon Read

Ministry of Health

Alice Wang, Colleen Hardy, Anangu Rajasingham, Andrea Martinsen, Lindsay Templin, Stanislaus Kamwaga, Kiwe Sebunya, Brenda Jhuthi, Michael Habtu, Stephen Kiberiti, Khalid Massa, Rob Quick, Jane Mulungu, Rachel Eidex, Thomas Handzel
Since August 2015, the Ministry of Health, Community Development, Gender, Elderly and Children (MoHCDGEC) of Tanzania has been leading the response to a widespread cholera outbreak. As of June 9, 2016, cholera had affected 23 of 25 regions in Tanzania, with 21,750 cumulative cases and 341 deaths reported (Ally Nyanga, MoHCDGEC Emergency Operations Center, personal communication, June 2016). Approximately one fourth of all cases occurred in the Dar es Salaam region on the east coast. Regions surrounding Lake Victoria, in the north, also reported high case counts, including Mwanza with 9% (Ally Nyanga, MoHCDGEC Emergency Operations Center, personal communication, June 2016)...
October 21, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Shu-Ling Hoshi, Masahide Kondo, Ichiro Okubo
Two rotavirus vaccines are currently available in Japan. We estimated the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) of routine infant rotavirus immunisation programme without defining which vaccine to be evaluated, which reflects the current deliberation at the Health Science Council in charge of Immunisation and Vaccine established by the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare of Japan. Three ICERs were estimated, one from payers' perspective and two from societal perspective depending on the scenarios to uptake vaccines...
October 20, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
Fahad M Al-Hameed, Hasan M Al-Dorzi, Mohamed A Abdelaal, Ali Alaklabi, Ebtisam Bakhsh, Yousef A Alomi, Mohammad Al Baik, Salah Aldahan, Holger Schünemann, Jan Brozek, Wojtek Wiercioch, Andrea J Darzi, Reem Waziry, Elie A Akl
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) acquired during hospitalization is common, yet preventable by the proper implementation of thromboprophylaxis which remains to be underutilized worldwide. As a result of an initiative by the Saudi Ministry of Health to improve medical practices in the country, an expert panel led by the Saudi Association for Venous Thrombo Embolism (SAVTE; a subsidiary of the Saudi Thoracic Society) with the methodological guidance of the McMaster University Guideline working group, produced this clinical practice guideline to assist healthcare providers in VTE prevention...
November 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
Paul E George, Julio Vidal, Patricia J Garcia
BACKGROUND: Peru experienced a crisis in its blood collection and supply system in the mid-2000s, as contaminated blood led to several transfusion-transmitted infections (TTI), occurring in the backdrop of extremely low voluntary donation rates and a national blood supply shortage. Thus, the Peruvian Ministry of Health (MINSA) implemented a national investigation on the safety and quality of the Peruvian blood collection/transfusion network. METHODS: Every Peruvian blood bank was evaluated by MINSA from 2007-2008...
May 2016: J Epidemiol Public Health Rev
Barry Edwards, Beth Stickney, Andrew Milat, Danielle Campbell, Sarah Thackway
Issue addressed: An organisational culture that values and uses research and evaluation (R&E) evidence to inform policy and practice is fundamental to improving health outcomes. The 2016 NSW Government Program Evaluation Guidelines recommend investment in training and development to improve evaluation capacity. The purpose of this paper is to outline the approaches taken by the NSW Ministry of Health to develop R&E capacity and assess these against existing models of practice.Method: The Ministry of Health's Centre for Epidemiology and Evidence (CEE) takes an evidence-based approach to building R&E capacity in population health...
October 19, 2016: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
C Mantegazza, F Angiero, G V Zuccotti
Alterations of the oral cavity are common in children: 22% of children aged less than 4 years and 44% of those aged more than 12 develop dental erosion, 9-95% of children in Europe and in North America develop gingivitis, with adolescents showing a prevalence of more than 60% [Italian Ministry of Health, Guidelines 2013]. Alterations within the oral cavity can be the first sign of systemic diseases and may thus allow for an early diagnosis and treatment. In particular, being the oral cavity a part of the gastrointestinal system, oral alterations can be an expression of a gastrointestinal disease...
September 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
Bounthanom Sengkeopraseuth, Khonesavanh Bounma, Chansone Siamong, Siddhartha Datta, Bouaphanh Khamphaphongphane, Phengta Vongphachanh, Dapeng Luo, Michael O'Reilly, Cindy H Chiu
BACKGROUND: In January 2015, the Lao People's Democratic Republic Ministry of Health received a report of 34 cases of fever and rash with one laboratory-confirmed measles case in Houitone village, Pakseng District of Luang Prabang Province. Between 21 and 27 January, we conducted a field investigation to determine the etiology, magnitude and severity of this outbreak. METHODS: We conducted active case findings in Houitone and neighbouring villages and collected information on age, location, date of rash onset, symptoms and measles vaccination status...
January 2016: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
Moharam Mafi, Mohammad Mahdi Goya, Massoud Hajia
BACKGROUND: Cholera is considered a key indicator of social development but still is reported in various cities of Iran. The present study aimed to analyze the available information regarding cholera outbreaks since 2010 in Iran. METHODS: All cases reported to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention of Ministry of Health and Education who had been confirmed as cholera cases by the Health Reference Laboratory, were entered into this study since 2010. A specific spreadsheet was designed to ensure the safe keeping of the patient records...
2016: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
Takele Kefyalew, Zelalem Kebede, Dawit Getachew, David Mukanga, Tessema Awano, Agonafer Tekalegne, Esey Batisso, Wasihun Edossa, Emebet Mekonnen, James Tibenderana, Ebenezer Sheshi Baba, Constance Shumba, Joaniter I Nankabirwa, Prudence Hamade
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends injectable artesunate given either intravenously or by the intramuscular route for definitive treatment for severe malaria and recommends a single intramuscular dose of intramuscular artesunate or intramuscular artemether or intramuscular quinine, in that order of preference as pre-referral treatment when definitive treatment is not possible. Where intramuscular injections are not available, children under 6 years may be administered a single dose of rectal artesunate...
October 18, 2016: Malaria Journal
Henry C Ndukwe, Prasad S Nishtala
Consensus guidelines which are applicable in New Zealand and worldwide recommend that the duration of exposure to antipsychotics not exceed 12 weeks, unless justified for mental illnesses like schizophrenia and severe psychotic symptoms which require longer treatment. There has been limited information on time-to-first discontinuation (TTFD) for second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) in a real world population setting in older people. The study objective was to compare TTFD, adherence, and persistence for individual SGA new users among people 65 years and older...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
Norma H Medina, Emilio Haro-Muñoz, Alessandra Cristina Pellini, Braulio C Machado, Denise H Russo, Maria do Carmo Timenetsky, Rita de Cássia C Carmona
Acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis (AHC) infection is highly contagious and can lead to explosive epidemics. In early February 2011, the Center for Epidemiologic Surveillance of the State of São Paulo Health Secretariat (SES-SP) in Brazil received reports of conjunctivitis outbreaks from rural areas of the state that subsequently spread statewide. This report describes that AHC epidemic and its etiologic agent. Data from the Ministry of Health Information System for Notifiable Diseases (SinanNet) and the SES-SP epidemiologic surveillance system for conjunctivitis, developed to detect outbreaks, confirm the etiologic agent, and carry out control measures, were analyzed...
February 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
Angela M Rose, Ian R Hambleton, Selvi M Jeyaseelan, Christina Howitt, Rhea Harewood, Jacqueline Campbell, Tanya N Martelly, Tracey Blackman, Kenneth S George, Trevor A Hassell, David O Corbin, Rudolph Delice, Patsy Prussia, Branka Legetic, Anselm J Hennis
Objective To describe the surveillance model used to develop the first national, population-based, multiple noncommunicable disease (NCD) registry in the Caribbean (one of the first of its kind worldwide); registry implementation; lessons learned; and incidence and mortality rates from the first years of operation. Methods Driven by limited national resources, this initiative of the Barbados Ministry of Health (MoH), in collaboration with The University of the West Indies, was designed to collect prospective data on incident stroke and acute myocardial infarction (MI) (heart attack) cases from all health care facilities in this small island developing state (SIDS) in the Eastern Caribbean...
February 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
Michael Bursztyn, Aliza Hammerman-Rozenberg, Jeremy Jacobs, Jochanan Stessman
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence, characteristics, and association with mortality of orthostatic hypertension (OHYPER) amongst the oldest old. DESIGN AND METHOD: Two waves from the Jerusalem Longitudinal Study of community dwelling residents born in 1920-21 were examined at age of 85 (n = 1004), and 90 (n = 437). Sitting blood pressure (BP) was measured three times on two occasions, averaged and compared to 1 minute standing BP. OHYPER, orthostatic hypotension (OHYPO) or normotension (ONT) were classified if the difference of standing-sitting SBP either increased or decreased by ≥20mmHg, or not...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Vernon Min Sen Oh
According to the Singapore National Health Survey (NHS) of 2010, the population of the Republic of Singapore was 5.076,700, comprising four ethnic groups: Chinese (74.1%), Malays (13.4%), Indians (9.2%), and others (3.3%). The National Health Survey for 2016 is under way and due to be published in 2017. From the six-yearly national health surveys, the crude prevalence of clinical hypertension (HTn), defined as a sustained blood pressure ≥ 140/90 mmHg, in Singaporean residents aged 30 to 69 years rose from 22...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Nouf Al Saleem, Khaled Al-Surimi
Frequent, preventable medical errors can have an adverse effect on patient safety and quality as well as leading to wasted resources. In the laboratory, errors can occur at any stage of sample processing; pre-analytical, analytical, and post analytical stages. However evidence shows most of the laboratory errors occur during the pre-analytical stage. The receipt and processing of specimens is one of the main steps in the pre-analytical stage. Errors in this stage could be due to mislabeling, incorrect test entry and entering the wrong location, among other reasons...
2016: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
Eun Woo Nam, Afisah Zakariah, Festus Adams, Young Suk Jun, Richard Adanu
BACKGROUND: Ghana's maternal mortality ratio continues to decline, but is not expected to meet the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 5 target. The Ghana Health Service and Ministry of Health have displayed a high commitment to the improvement of maternal health in the country. One of the most recent partnerships directed at this is with the Korea International Cooperation Agency. METHODS: This study was conducted among women between ages 15 and 49 resident in Keta Municipal, Ketu North and Ketu South districts in the Volta Region of Ghana who were pregnant or who had children aged less than five...
September 2016: Ghana Medical Journal
M Sánchez Mollá, I Candela García, F J Gómez-Romero, D Orozco Beltrán, M Ollero Baturone
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of patients with multiple chronic diseases in Primary Care using the multiple morbidity criteria and Clinical Risk Groups, and the agreement in identifying high-risk patients that require case management with both methods. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 240 patients, selected by random sampling of 16 care quotas from two Primary Health Care centres of a health area. Informed consent was obtained to access their electronic medical records for the study, and a record was made of age, sex, health status of Clinical Risk Groups, severity, multiple morbidity criteria, and Charlson index by physicians during clinical practice...
October 14, 2016: Revista de Calidad Asistencial: Organo de la Sociedad Española de Calidad Asistencial
Peter J Kelly, Gregory W Albers, Anastasios Chatzikonstantinou, Gian Marco De Marchis, Julia Ferrari, Paul George, Mira Katan, Michael Knoflach, Jong S Kim, Linxin Li, Eun-Jae Lee, Jean-Marc Olivot, Francisco Purroy, Nicolas Raposo, Peter M Rothwell, Vijay K Sharma, Bo Song, Georgios Tsivgoulis, Cathal Walsh, Yuming Xu, Aine Merwick
BACKGROUND: Identification of patients at highest risk of early stroke after transient ischaemic attack has been improved with imaging based scores. We aimed to compare the validity and prognostic utility of imaging-based stroke risk scores in patients after transient ischaemic attack. METHODS: We did a pooled analysis of published and unpublished individual-patient data from 16 cohort studies of transient ischaemic attack done in Asia, Europe, and the USA, with early brain and vascular imaging and follow up...
November 2016: Lancet Neurology
Jésus Gonzalez-Bermejo, Capucine Morélot-Panzini, Marie-Laure Tanguy, Vincent Meininger, Pierre-François Pradat, Timothée Lenglet, Gaëlle Bruneteau, Nadine Le Forestier, Philippe Couratier, Nathalie Guy, Claude Desnuelle, Hélène Prigent, Christophe Perrin, Valérie Attali, Catherine Fargeot, Marie-Cécile Nierat, Catherine Royer, Fabrice Ménégaux, François Salachas, Thomas Similowski
BACKGROUND: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disorder associated with respiratory muscle weakness and respiratory failure. Non-invasive ventilation alleviates respiratory symptoms and prolongs life, but is a palliative intervention. Slowing the deterioration of diaphragm function before respiratory failure would be desirable. We aimed to assess whether early diaphragm pacing could slow down diaphragm deterioration and would therefore delay the need for non-invasive ventilation...
November 2016: Lancet Neurology
Susmita Chatterjee, Manish Pant, Pradeep Haldar, Mahesh Kumar Aggarwal, Ramanan Laxminarayan
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: India's Universal Immunization Programme (UIP) is one of the largest programmes in the world in terms of quantities of vaccines administered, number of beneficiaries, number of immunization sessions, and geographical extent and diversity of areas covered. Strategic planning for the Programme requires credible information on the cost of achieving the objectives and the financial resources needed at national, State, and district levels. We present here expenditures on immunization services in India in 2012 (baseline) and projected costs for five years (2013-2017)...
June 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"