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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933504/mental-health-support-provided-throughout-the-bariatric-surgery-clinical-pathway-in-french-specialized-care-centers-for-obesity
#1
Kristopher Lamore, Sandra S Kaci, Sébastien Czernichow, Marion Bretault, Jean-Luc Bouillot, Anne-Jeanne Naudé, Sandra Gribe-Ouaknine, Claire Carette, Cécile Flahault
OBJECTIVE: Pre-operative psychological assessment is recommended by international guidelines for bariatric surgery candidates. Thereby, service teams caring for bariatric patients should include at least one mental health provider (e.g., a psychologist or psychiatrist). The objective of this study was to evaluate the psychology and psychiatry resources and practices in the 37 specialized obesity centers (CSOs) created by the French Ministry of Health. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CSO coordinators were contacted by e-mail to collect general information on the centers (e...
December 8, 2016: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933383/the-burden-of-rotator-cuff-surgery-in-italy-a-nationwide-registry-study
#2
Umile Giuseppe Longo, Giuseppe Salvatore, Giacomo Rizzello, Alessandra Berton, Mauro Ciuffreda, Vincenzo Candela, Vincenzo Denaro
PURPOSE: This study aimed to estimate the yearly number of RC surgeries in Italy, a country with universal access to healthcare for its population, from 2001 to 2014, based on official information source as hospitalization records. A secondary aim was to explore geographical variation in equity in access to RC surgery between three macroregions of Italy (North, Center and South). A tertiary aim was to perform statistical projections of the number of RC procedure volumes and rates on the basis of data from 2001 to 2014...
December 8, 2016: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932017/the-german-and-japanese-health-care-systems-an-international-comparison-using-an-input-output-model
#3
A Rump, O Schöffski
OBJECTIVES: The German and Japanese health care systems have common roots, but have evolved differently. Whereas the German system is often considered as expensive and poorly efficient, people in Japan are viewed as healthy and health care as comparatively cheap. In this study, we compared the quality, the effectiveness and efficiency of the German and Japanese health care systems. STUDY DESIGN: This study includes comparative health care data analysis. METHOD: The quality and effectiveness of the German and Japanese health care systems were analyzed using an input-output model including 12 countries based on health indicators published by the OECD...
December 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930605/health-communication-and-the-hiv-continuum-of-care
#4
Sten H Vermund, Elizabeth C Mallalieu, Lynn M Van Lith, Helen E Struthers
Health communication is a broad term that applies to the fundamental need for practitioners, policy makers, patients, and community members to understand one another around health promotion and health care issues. Whether in a consultation between nurse and patient, a health clinic director's engagement with the health ministry, or a community campaign for encouraging HIV testing, all have critical health communication elements. When people's needs are not perceived by them to be addressed or clients/patients do not understand what is being communicated, they are unmotivated to engage...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929452/knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviours-of-healthcare-workers-in-the-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia-to-mers-coronavirus-and-other-emerging-infectious-diseases
#5
Abdullah J Alsahafi, Allen C Cheng
Background: The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has experienced a prolonged outbreak of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) coronavirus since 2012. Healthcare workers (HCWs) form a significant risk group for infection. Objectives: The aim of this survey was to assess the knowledge, attitudes, infection control practices and educational needs of HCWs in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to MERS coronavirus and other emerging infectious diseases. Methods: 1500 of HCWs from Saudi Ministry of Health were invited to fill a questionnaire developed to cover the survey objectives from 9 September 2015 to 8 November 2015...
December 6, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928534/investigating-the-effectiveness-of-programs-on-health-financing-based-on-audit-procedures
#6
Ionel Bostan
BACKGROUND: The present paper focuses on approaching the context and the actual manner of applying a method, known to be efficient and with a solid scientific background, on the institutional level of healthcare in Romania. METHODS: The analyses and correlations developed by the author have taken into account the latest editions of the journals and publications of these institutions, such as statistical papers, standards, procedural guidebooks, reports. Most of the data (easily identifiable in the electronic environment) have been selected to enable the subsequent further investigation...
August 2016: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925843/incidence-of-herpes-zoster-and-post-herpetic-neuralgia-in-italy-results-from-a-three-years-population-based-study
#7
Cristiano Alicino, Cecilia Trucchi, Chiara Paganino, Ilaria Barberis, Sara Boccalini, Domenico Martinelli, Barbara Pellizzari, Angela Bechini, Andrea Orsi, Paolo Bonanni, Rosa Prato, Stefania Iannazzo, Giancarlo Icardi
Herpes Zoster (HZ) and its main complication, post-herpetic neuralgia (PHN), represent important public health issues because of their relevant burden among older adults. However, data on the epidemiology of HZ and PHN in Italy are very limited. A population-based study was performed by seeking for cases of HZ and PHN, occurred in the period 2013-2015, in the clinical charts of 56 General Practitioners working in four Italian Regions (Liguria, Puglia, Toscana and Veneto). The main objective of the study was to estimate the incidence of HZ and the proportion of PHN (at 1 and 3 months from the onset of HZ; PHN1 and PHN3) among people aged ≥ 50 years...
December 7, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925109/analysis-of-factors-associated-with-traffic-accidents-of-cyclists-attended-in-brazilian-state-capitals
#8
Carlos Augusto Moreira de Sousa, Camila Alves Bahia, Patrícia Constantino
Introduction: Brazil has the sixth largest bicycles fleet in the world and bicycle is the most used individual transport vehicle in the country. Few studies address the issue of cyclists' accidents and factors that contribute to or prevent this event. Methodology: VIVA is a cross-sectional survey and is part of the Violence and Accidents Surveillance System, Brazilian Ministry of Health. We used complex sampling and subsequent data review through multivariate logistic regression and calculation of the respective odds ratios...
December 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924109/care-of-newborn-in-the-community-and-at-home
#9
REVIEW
S B Neogi, J Sharma, M Chauhan, R Khanna, M Chokshi, R Srivastava, P K Prabhakar, A Khera, R Kumar, S Zodpey, V K Paul
India has contributed immensely toward generating evidence on two key domains of newborn care: Home Based Newborn Care (HBNC) and community mobilization. In a model developed in Gadchiroli (Maharashtra) in the 1990s, a package of Interventions delivered by community health workers during home visits led to a marked decline in neonatal deaths. On the basis of this experience, the national HBNC program centered around Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs) was introduced in 2011, and is now the main community-level program in newborn health...
December 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923268/trends-in-gastrointestinal-cancer-incidence-in-iran-2001-2010-with-joinpoint-analysis
#10
Mehdi Darabi, Mohsen Asadi Lari, Abbas Motevalian, Ali Motlagh, Shahram Arsang-Jang, Maryam Karimi Jaberi
OBJECTIVES: The main purpose of this study is to consider changes in time trends of stomach, colorectal, and esophageal cancers during the past decade in Iran. METHODS: Cancer incidence data during the years 2001 to 2010 obtained from cancer registration in Health ministry. In order to recognize significant changes in time trends, we made use of Joint point analysis. Then, the annual percent change for each segment of the trend was calculated. RESULTS: Incidence rate for stomach cancer increased from 4...
December 5, 2016: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923007/health-communication-and-the-hiv-continuum-of-care
#11
Sten H Vermund, Elizabeth C Mallalieu, Lynn M Van Lith, Helen E Struthers
Health communication is a broad term that applies to the fundamental need for practitioners, policy makers, patients, and community members to understand one another around health promotion and health care issues. Whether in a consultation between nurse and patient, a health clinic director's engagement with the health ministry, or a community campaign for encouraging HIV testing, all have critical health communication elements. When people's needs are not perceived by them to be addressed or clients/patients do not understand what is being communicated, they are unmotivated to engage...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919688/leishmaniases-in-ecuador-comprehensive-review-and-current-status
#12
REVIEW
Yoshihisa Hashiguchi, Lenin N Velez, Nancy V Villegas, Tatsuyuki Mimori, Eduardo A L Gomez, Hirotomo Kato
This article reviews current knowledge about leishmaniases in Ecuador, proceeding from 1920, when the first human case was described, to the present, mainly focusing on the recent research events published. Regarding basic situations, it appears that 23 of Ecuador's 24 provinces have leishmaniasis-case reports. The disease is one of the mandatory notification infectious diseases in the country since 2005. All the 21,305 cases notified to the Ministry of Public Health, during the period from 2001 through 2014, were said to involve different clinical features of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) but not visceral (VL)...
December 2, 2016: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919397/a-national-standards-based-assessment-on-functionality-of-electronic-medical-records-systems-used-in-kenyan-public-sector-health-facilities
#13
REVIEW
Samuel Kang'a, Nancy Puttkammer, Steven Wanyee, Davies Kimanga, Jason Madrano, Veronica Muthee, Patrick Odawo, Anjali Sharma, Tom Oluoch, Katherine Robinson, James Kwach, William B Lober
BACKGROUND: Variations in the functionality, content and form of electronic medical record systems (EMRs) challenge national roll-out of these systems as part of a national strategy to monitor HIV response. To enforce the EMRs minimum requirements for delivery of quality HIV services, the Kenya Ministry of Health (MoH) developed EMRs standards and guidelines. The standards guided the recommendation of EMRs that met a preset threshold for national roll-out. METHODS: Using a standards-based checklist, six review teams formed by the MoH EMRs Technical Working Group rated a total of 17 unique EMRs in 28 heath facilities selected by individual owners for their optimal EMR implementation...
January 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919390/scaling-up-health-information-systems-to-improve-hiv-treatment-an-assessment-of-initial-patient-monitoring-systems-in-mozambique
#14
Mindy Hochgesang, Sophia Zamudio-Haas, Lissa Moran, Leopoldo Nhampossa, Laura Packel, Hannah Leslie, Janise Richards, Starley B Shade
INTRODUCTION: The rapid scale-up of HIV care and treatment in resource-limited countries requires concurrent, rapid development of health information systems to support quality service delivery. Mozambique, a country with an 11.5% prevalence of HIV, has developed nation-wide patient monitoring systems (PMS) with standardized reporting tools, utilized by all HIV treatment providers in paper or electronic form. Evaluation of the initial implementation of PMS can inform and strengthen future development as the country moves towards a harmonized, sustainable health information system...
January 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919256/the-return-of-chloroquine-susceptible-plasmodium-falciparum-malaria-in-zambia
#15
Sydney Mwanza, Sudhaunshu Joshi, Michael Nambozi, Justin Chileshe, Phidelis Malunga, Jean-Bertin Bukasa Kabuya, Sebastian Hachizovu, Christine Manyando, Modest Mulenga, Miriam Laufer
BACKGROUND: Plasmodium falciparum resistance to anti-malarial drugs remains a major obstacle to malaria control and elimination. The parasite has developed resistance to every anti-malarial drug introduced for wide-scale treatment. However, the spread of resistance may be reversible. Malawi was the first country to discontinue chloroquine use due to widespread resistance. Within a decade of the removal of drug pressure, the molecular marker of chloroquine-resistant malaria had disappeared and the drug was shown to have excellent clinical efficacy...
December 5, 2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918334/challenges-of-anesthesia-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-access-to-safe-obstetric-anesthesia-in-east-africa
#16
Isabella Epiu, Jossy Verel Bahe Tindimwebwa, Cephas Mijumbi, Thomas M Chokwe, Edwin Lugazia, Francois Ndarugirire, Theogene Twagirumugabe, Gerald Dubowitz
BACKGROUND: The United Nations 2015 Millennium Development Goals targeted a 75% reduction in maternal mortality. However, in spite of this goal, the number of maternal deaths per 100,000 live births remains unacceptably high across Sub-Saharan Africa. Because many of these deaths could likely be averted with access to safe surgery, including cesarean delivery, we set out to assess the capacity to provide safe anesthetic care for mothers in the main referral hospitals in East Africa. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted at 5 main referral hospitals in East Africa: Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda, and Burundi...
December 1, 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917376/evaluation-of-an-intervention-to-improve-essential-obstetric-and-newborn-care-access-and-quality-in-cotopaxi-ecuador
#17
Edward Broughton, Jorge Hermida, Kathleen Hill, Nancy Sloan, Mario Chavez, Daniel Gonzalez, Juana Maria Freire, Ximena Gudino
BACKGROUND: Despite improvements in health-care utilization, disadvantages persist among rural, less educated, and indigenous populations in Ecuador. The United States Agency for International Development-funded Cotopaxi Project created a provincial-level network of health services, including community agents to improve access, quality, and coordination of essential obstetric and newborn care. We evaluated changes in participating facilities compared to non-participating controls. METHODS: The 21 poorest parishes (third-level administrative unit) in Cotopaxi were targeted from 2010 to 2013 for a collaborative health system performance improvement...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914666/reprint-of-spatial-modeling-of-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-iran-from-1983-to-2013
#18
Kourosh Holakouie-Naieni, Ehsan Mostafavi, Ali Darvishi Boloorani, Mehdi Mohebali, Reza Pakzad
INTRODUCTION: Cutaneous Leshmaniasis (CL), a parasitic skin infection caused by Leishmania species, is endemic in some regions of Iran. In this study, the effect of location on the incidence and distribution of CL in Iran was studied. METHODS: We collected datas including the number of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis cases and populations at-risk of disease in Iran's different provinces reported by the Iranian ministry of health and the National Bureau of Statistics, respectively...
November 30, 2016: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914221/prevalence-of-trypanosoma-cruzi-hiv-coinfection-in-southern-brazil
#19
Dulce Stauffert, Mariangela Freitas da Silveira, Marília Arndt Mesenburg, Adriane Brod Manta, Alessandra da Silva Dutra, Guilherme Lucas de Oliveira Bicca, Marcos Marreiro Villela
Chagas disease reactivation has been a defining condition for acquired immune deficiency syndrome in Brazil for individuals coinfected with Trypanosoma cruzi and HIV since 2004. Although the first coinfection case was reported in the 1980s, its prevalence has not been firmly established. In order to know coinfection prevalence, a cross-sectional study of 200 HIV patients was performed between January and July 2013 in the city of Pelotas, in southern Rio Grande do Sul, an endemic area for Chagas disease. Ten subjects were found positive for T...
November 30, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912780/the-influence-of-cost-per-daly-information-in-health-prioritisation-and-desirable-features-for-a-registry-a-survey-of-health-policy-experts-in-vietnam-india-and-bangladesh
#20
Yot Teerawattananon, Sripen Tantivess, Inthira Yamabhai, Nattha Tritasavit, Damian G Walker, Joshua T Cohen, Peter J Neumann
BACKGROUND: Economic evaluation has been implemented to inform policy in many areas, including coverage decisions, technology pricing, and the development of clinical practice guidelines. However, there are barriers to evidence-based policy in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) that include limited stakeholder awareness, resources and data availability, as well as the lack of capacity to conduct country-specific economic evaluations. This study aims to survey health policy experts' opinions on barriers to use of cost-effectiveness data in these settings and to obtain their advice on how to make a new cost-per-DALY database being developed by Tufts Medical Center more relevant to LMICs...
December 3, 2016: Health Research Policy and Systems
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