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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817202/perinatal-mortality-in-japanese-women-diagnosed-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-and-diabetes-mellitus
#1
Mamoru Morikawa, Takashi Sugiyama, Norimasa Sagawa, Yuji Hiramatsu, Hiroshi Ishikawa, Hiromi Hamada, Takashi Kameda, Emiko Hara, Shigeru Toda, Hisanori Minakami
AIMS: The objective of this study was to determine how many pregnant Japanese women with diabetes mellitus (DM)/gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) experience perinatal mortality in the presence of fetal anomalies. METHODS: Our investigation included data from 205 secondary/tertiary obstetric facilities located widely in Japan. The Japan Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare Vital Statistics of Japan was used for comparison. RESULTS: Of 237 941 women giving birth at 205 hospitals, 1796 (0...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816103/assessment-of-work-related-accidents-associated-with-waste-handling-in-belo-horizonte-brazil
#2
Marcos Pg Mol, Amanda F Pereira, Dirceu B Greco, Sandy Cairncross, Leo Heller
As more urban solid waste is generated, managing it becomes ever more challenging and the potential impacts on the environment and human health also become greater. Handling waste - including collection, treatment and final disposal - entails risks of work accidents. This article assesses the perception of waste management workers regarding work-related accidents in domestic and health service contexts in Belo Horizonte, Brazil. These perceptions are compared with national data from the Ministry of Social Security on accidents involving workers in solid waste management...
August 1, 2017: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815292/concentrations-and-exposure-evaluation-of-metals-in-diverse-food-items-from-chengdu-china
#3
Rong Wang, Bifeng Zhong, Lu Pi, Fuyu Xie, Mengqin Chen, Sanglan Ding, Shijun Su, Zhi Li, Zhiwei Gan
A total of 520 food samples belonging to 29 food types and 63 drinking water were collected in Chengdu market of China in 2014 to investigate the concentrations of 11 metals, and to assess the related exposure to the local consumers by estimating the hazard quotient and carcinogenic risk (CR). The results showed that metals concentrations in drinking water were below the limit values suggested by the Ministry of Health of the People's Republic of China, and FAO/WHO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations/World Health Organization)...
August 16, 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813946/a-user-centered-design-approach-in-the-development-of-rehabilitation-devices-after-stroke
#4
Natalie Jankowski, Laura Schonijahn, Adina Kreitlow, Elsa Gotze, Michael Wahl
Involving users in iterative development processes is to be shown to increase the quality of health care devices and to prevent refusal. Successful use can only be achieved provided that the devices are accepted by its users. In this study potentials of user satisfaction surveys in the development of stroke rehabilitation devices are presented. The two arm-training devices Reha-Slide (RS) and Bi-Manu-Track (BMT) are assessed for patient satisfaction. The aim is to detect the satisfaction with the current state of certain aspects of the devices to obtain incentives for technical optimisation...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812845/a-qualitative-assessment-of-the-evidence-utilization-for-health-policy-making-on-the-basis-of-support-tools-in-a-developing-country
#5
Mohammad Hasan Imani-Nasab, Hesam Seyedin, Bahareh Yazdizadeh, Reza Majdzadeh
BACKGROUND: SUPPORT tools consist of 18 articles addressing the health policy-makers so that they can learn how to make evidence-informed health policies. These tools have been particularly recommended for developing countries. The present study tries to explain the process of evidence utilization for developing policy documents in the Iranian Ministry of Health and Medical Education (MoHME) and to compare the findings with those of SUPPORT tools. METHODS: A qualitative research was conducted, using the framework analysis approach...
January 8, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812826/a-policy-analysis-on-the-proactive-prevention-of-chronic-disease-learnings-from-the-initial-implementation-of-integrated-measurement-for-early-detection-mido
#6
Roberto Tapia-Conyer, Rodrigo Saucedo-Martínez, Ricardo Mújica-Rosales, Héctor Gallardo-Rincón, Evan Lee, Craig Waugh, Lucía Guajardo, Braulio Torres-Beltrán, Úrsula Quijano-González, Mauricio López-Mendez, Elena Rose Atkinson
Mexico, like many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), faces an epidemic of chronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs), specifically diabetes, hypertension, obesity, and lipid disorders. Many people with these NCDs may not be aware that they have a disease, pointing to the need for broader screening programs. The traditional prevention policy in Mexico was based on screening with a paper-based risk factor questionnaire. However, this was used to screen patients already seeking healthcare services at facilities, and screening goals were set as a function of the number of questionnaires applied, not number of individuals screened...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812825/evaluating-global-health-partnerships-a-case-study-of-a-gavi-hpv-vaccine-application-process-in-uganda
#7
Carol Kamya, Jessica Shearer, Gilbert Asiimwe, Emily Carnahan, Nicole Salisbury, Peter Waiswa, Jennifer Brinkerhoff, Dai Hozumi
BACKGROUND: Global health partnerships have grown rapidly in number and scope, yet there has been less emphasis on their evaluation. Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance, is one such public-private partnership; in Gavi-eligible countries partnerships are dynamic networks of immunization actors who work together to support all stages and aspects of Gavi support. This paper describes a conceptual framework - the partnership framework - and analytic approach for evaluating the perceptions of partnerships' added value as well as the results from an application to one case in Uganda...
October 26, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812823/an-assessment-of-national-maternal-and-child-health-policy-makers-knowledge-and-capacity-for-evidence-informed-policy-making-in-nigeria
#8
Chigozie Jesse Uneke, Issiaka Sombie, Namoudou Keita, Virgil Lokossou, Ermel Johnson, Pierre Ongolo-Zogo
BACKGROUND: There is increasing interest globally in the use of more rigorous processes to ensure that maternal, newborn, and child health (MNCH) care recommendations are informed by the best available research evidence use. The purpose of this study was to engage Nigerian MNCH policy-makers and other stakeholders to consider issues around research to policy and practice interface and to assess their existing knowledge and capacity on the use of research evidence for policy-making and practice...
October 8, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812813/do-management-and-leadership-practices-in-the-context-of-decentralisation-influence-performance-of-community-health-fund-evidence-from-iramba-and-iringa-districts-in-tanzania
#9
Chakupewa Joseph, Stephen Oswald Maluka
BACKGROUND: In early 1990s, Tanzania like other African countries, adopted health sector reform (HSR). The most strongly held centralisation system that informed the nature of services provision including health was, thus, disintegrated giving rise to decentralisation system. It was within the realm of HSR process, user fees were introduced in the health sector. Along with user fees, various types of health insurances, including the Community Health Fund (CHF), were introduced. While the country's level of enrolment in the CHF is low, there are marked variations among districts...
September 26, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812807/health-technology-assessment-global-advocacy-and-local-realities-comment-on-priority-setting-for-universal-health-coverage-we-need-evidence-informed-deliberative-processes-not-just-more-evidence-on-cost-effectiveness
#10
Kalipso Chalkidou, Ryan Li, Anthony J Culyer, Amanda Glassman, Karen J Hofman, Yot Teerawattananon
Cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) can help countries attain and sustain universal health coverage (UHC), as long as it is context-specific and considered within deliberative processes at the country level. Institutionalising robust deliberative processes requires significant time and resources, however, and countries often begin by demanding evidence (including local CEA evidence as well as evidence about local values), whilst striving to strengthen the governance structures and technical capacities with which to generate, consider and act on such evidence...
August 29, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811862/allergic-profiles-of-mothers-and-fathers-in-the-japan-environment-and-children-s-study-jecs-a-nationwide-birth-cohort-study
#11
Kiwako Yamamoto-Hanada, Limin Yang, Kazue Ishitsuka, Tadayuki Ayabe, Hidetoshi Mezawa, Mizuho Konishi, Testsuo Shoda, Kenji Matsumoto, Hirohisa Saito, Yukihiro Ohya
BACKGROUND: The Japan Environment and Children's Study (JECS) is a nationwide, multicenter, prospective birth cohort investigation launched by the Ministry of Environment in Japan. The purpose of the JECS is to evaluate the influence of prenatal and postnatal exposures to environmental factors on the postnatal health of the children. In this study, we evaluated the allergic characteristics of parents within the JECS cohort. METHODS: This study covered a wide geographical area and encompassed 15 regional centers...
2017: World Allergy Organization Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811281/multimorbidity-dementia-and-health-care-in-older-people-a-population-based-cohort-study
#12
Marcello Tonelli, Natasha Wiebe, Sharon Straus, Martin Fortin, Bruce Guthrie, Matthew T James, Scott W Klarenbach, Helen Tam-Tham, Richard Lewanczuk, Braden J Manns, Hude Quan, Paul E Ronksley, Peter Sargious, Brenda Hemmelgarn
BACKGROUND: Little is known about how multimorbidity, dementia and increasing age combine to influence health outcomes or utilization. Our objective was to examine the joint associations between age, dementia and burden of morbidity with mortality and other clinical outcomes. METHODS: We did a retrospective population-based cohort study of all adults aged 65 years and older residing in Alberta, Canada, between 2002 and 2013. We used validated algorithms applied to administrative and laboratory data from the provincial health ministry to assess the presence/absence of dementia and 29 other morbidities, and their associations with mortality (our primary outcome), other clinical outcomes (emergency department visits, all-cause hospital admissions) and a proxy for loss of independent living (discharge to long-term care)...
August 14, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810813/newborn-thyroid-screening-influence-of-pre-analytic-variables-on-dried-blood-spot-tsh-measurement
#13
Allison M Butler, Wiyada Charoensiriwatana, Piamnukul Krasao, Rotjanapan Pankanjanato, Penpan Thong-Ngao, Randall C Polson, Gregory L Snow, Joel Ehrenkranz
BACKGROUND: Measuring thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) eluted from a dried blood spot (DBS) is used to screen an estimated 30 million newborns annually for congenital hypothyroidism. Newborn thyroid screening has eliminated cretinism from the industrialized world and decreased the adverse effects of unrecognized congenital hypothyroidism on neurocognitive development. Hematocrit, a pre-analytic variable that affects the measurement of TSH from a DBS, contributes to the imprecision of DBS TSH measurement and could account for false negative and false positive DBS newborn screening test results...
August 16, 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809869/-some-considerations-on-revision-of-legislation-hygiene-sanitary-for-the-management-of-swimming-pools-for-swimming-pool-use-and-the-national-consultation-of-the-ministry-of-health
#14
Federica Valeriani, Rossella Briancesco, Sara Sanzari, Gianluca Gianfranceschi, Emanuele Ferretti, Lucia Bonadonna, Vincenzo Romano Spica
After over a decade the Italian regulation on hygiene and surveillance in swimming pools is under revision based on WHO guidelines and current laws from other European countries. The Ministry of Health is proposing an update of the Annex 1 that contains physical, chemical and microbiological indicators for monitoring swimming pool hygiene. The authors review current regulations and the new proposal for updating surveillance. A comparison of Annex 1 as approved in 2003 and the new version as proposed in 2016 allowed to enlighten innovative improvements...
May 2017: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808580/the-detection-of-influenza-virus-at-the-community-pharmacy-to-improve-the-management-of-local-residents-with-influenza-or-influenza-like-disease
#15
Akio Kawachi, Yusuke Sakamoto, Shunya Mouri, Mitsuaki Fukumori, Riku Kawano, Takaya Murakami, Junichiro Sonoda, Keiko Narumi, Yoshihiro Shimodozono, Kenji Etoh, Susumu Chiyotanda, Takashi Furuie, Keizo Sato, Masao Fukumori, Toshiro Motoya
BACKGROUND: As of 2014, community pharmacies in Japan are approved by the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare to measure lipid panel, HbA1c, glucose, ALT, AST and γ-GTP, but not to screen for influenza virus. We provided influenza virus screening tests at a community pharmacy to triage people with symptoms suggestive of influenza. Participants were given appropriate advice on how to prevent the spread of and safeguard against influenza. We subsequently evaluated the effects of community pharmacy-based influenza virus screening and prevention measures...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Care and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807704/palliative-care-albania
#16
Rudina Rama, Valbona Mane-Carcani, Fatmir Prifti, Kristo Huta, Ali Xhixha, Stephen R Connor
Sixty-percent of cancer patients are diagnosed with advanced stages of disease and those diagnosed in early stages face challenges to receive adequate treatment. Palliative care has had significant developments in recent years in Albania, due to a close partnership with the Ministry of Health, local non-profit organizations, and the Open Society Foundation Albania. In 2011, a five-year action plan for palliative care as one of four parts of the National Cancer Control Plan was approved. At the end of 2014, the first palliative care law was approved by Parliament...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807540/necessity-of-preoperative-activated-partial-thromboplastin-time-test-as-a-predictor-for-surgical-hemorrhage-in-obstetric-and-gynecological-patients-in-china
#17
Zhang Ge, Zhang Xia, Wang Yuefang, Ma Zhigui
BACKGROUND: On an international scale, the necessity of preoperative coagulation screen remains controversial, yet in China, coagulation screen is still a routine test before surgery required by the Ministry of Health of China. METHODS: A retrospective review of 26,807 patients >18y presenting with problems related to the areas of gynecology and obstetrics from March 2013 to July 2015 was performed, and the rate of major bleeding and the amount of blood lost during surgery were compared among groups of patients grouped according to the values of preoperative APTT, the departments the patients belonged to, or the measures for intervention...
August 11, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804579/validity-of-prostate-health-index-and-percentage-of-2-pro-prostate-specific-antigen-as-novel-biomarkers-in-the-diagnosis-of-prostate-cancer-omani-tertiary-hospitals-experience
#18
Safana S Al Saidi, Nafila B Al Riyami, Mohammed S Al Marhoon, Mohammed S Al Saraf, Salim S Al Busaidi, Riad Bayoumi, Waad-Allah S Mula-Abed
OBJECTIVES: Prostate cancer is the leading cancer in older men. The Ministry of Health Oman Cancer Incidence Registry 2013 lists cancer of the prostate as the first most common cancer in males. Therefore, early detection is important and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is widely used as an established laboratory test. However, despite its wide use, its value in screening, particularly in asymptomatic males, is controversial when considering the risks and benefits of early detection. METHODS: This prospective, observational study included 136 males (67...
July 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803437/geographic-variation-in-chinese-children-forced-vital-capacity-and-its-association-with-long-term-exposure-to-local-pm10-a-national-cross-sectional-study
#19
Hai-Jun Wang, Qin Li, Yuming Guo, Jie-Yun Song, Zhiqiang Wang, Jun Ma
The purpose of this study was to estimate the association between Chinese children's forced vital capacity (FVC) and particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter ≤10 μm (PM10). The FVC data of 71,763 children aged 7 to 18 was collected from 2010 Chinese National Survey on Students' Construction and Health (CNSSCH). The local annual average concentration of PM10, relative humidity, ambient temperature, and other air pollutant data of 30 cities was collected from China Meteorological Administration and Ministry of Environment Protection of China...
August 12, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803090/palliative-care-in-rwanda-aiming-for-universal-access
#20
Eric L Krakauer, Marie-Aimee Muhimpundu, Diane Mukasahaha, Jean-Claude Tayari, Christian Ntizimira, Blaise Uhagaze, Théodosie Mugwaneza, Aimable Ruzima, Egide Mpanumusingo, Magnus Gasana, Vincent Karamuka, Jean-Luc Nkurikiyimfura, Paul Park, Peter Barebwanuwe, Neo Tapela, Shekinah N Elmore, Gene Bukhman, Mhoira Leng, Liz Grant, Agnes Binagwaho, Richard Sezibera
In 2011, Rwanda's Ministry of Health (MoH) set a goal of universal access to palliative care by 2020. Toward this audacious egalitarian and humanitarian goal, the MoH worked with partners to develop palliative care policies and a strategic plan, secure adequate supplies of opioid for the country, initiate palliative care training programs, and begin studying a model for integrating coordinated palliative care into the public healthcare system at all levels. It also initiated training of a new cadre of home-based care practitioners (HBCPs) to provide palliative care in the home...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
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