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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773778/a-collaboration-to-teach-us-mph-students-about-cuba-s-health-care-system
#1
Joan O'Connell, Ana María Gálvez-González, Jean Scandlyn, María R Sala-Adam, Xiomara Martín-Linares
In 2011, the US Department of the Treasury changed its regulations to allow US students to participate in short-term education programs in Cuba. Beginning in 2012, and each year thereafter, Cuba's National School of Public Health and the Colorado School of Public Health have jointly taught a class on the Cuban public health system. The program goals are to provide US students with an opportunity to learn about the Cuban national health system's focus on 1) prevention and primary health care services; 2) financial and geographic access to services and health equity; 3) continuum of care across the home, family doctor-and-nurse offices, polyclinics and hospitals; 4) data collection at all levels to understand health risks, including outbreaks, and to guide resource allocation; 5) assessing patients' health and risks using a comprehensive definition of health; 6) multisectoral collaborations between the Ministry of Public Health and other Cuban agencies and organizations to address population health risks; 7) disaster preparedness, response and recovery; and 8) provision of international health assistance...
April 2018: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773776/cuba-s-scientific-contributions-to-global-polio-eradication
#2
Sonia Resik, Ondrej Mach, Alina Tejeda, Miguel A Galindo, Roland W Sutter
Cuba eliminated polio in 1962 and was among the first countries to do so. Since then, only 20 cases of vaccine-derived paralytic poliomyelitis have been reported. Because Cuba used oral poliovirus vaccine exclusively in two mass campaigns usually in February and April each year, Sabin viruses were detected only within approximately 6-8 weeks after each annual campaign. This made Cuba a very attractive site to study the epidemiology of poliomyelitis in a tropical country without risk of secondary transmission of Sabin viruses for a large part of each year, an advantage over countries that used oral poliovirus vaccine continuously throughout the year in routine immunization programs...
April 2018: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773774/us-and-cuban-scientists-forge-collaboration-on-arbovirus-research
#3
Jorge Pérez-Ávila, Maria G Guzmán-Tirado, Jorge Fraga-Nodarse, Gray Handley, James Meegan, Jose L Pelegrino-Martínez de la Cotera, Anthony S Fauci
After December 17, 2014, when the US and Cuban governments announced their intent to restore relations, the two countries participated in various exchange activities in an effort to encourage cooperation in public health, health research and biomedical sciences. The conference entitled Exploring Opportunities for Arbovirus Research Collaboration, hosted at Havana's Hotel Nacional, was part of these efforts and was the first major US-Cuban scientific conference in over 50 years. Its purpose was to share information about current arbovirus research and recent findings, and to explore opportunities for future joint research...
April 2018: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773355/pain-assessment-and-management-by-nurses-in-a-geriatric-setting-discrepancies-between-guidelines-and-documented-practice
#4
Irit Shahar, Gad Mendelson, Shlomit Gerbi, Merav Ben Natan
Pain is a common subjective symptom among older adults in general and among older adult residents in long-term geriatric facilities in particular. Pain diminishes older adults' quality of life and may impair their ability to recover from various illnesses. Therefore, the Israeli Ministry of Health has issued guidelines on effectively assessing and treating pain in this population. To examine discrepancies between the Ministry of Health's pain assessment guidelines and documented practice by nursing staff at a long-term geriatric care facility and whether these discrepancies correlate to characteristics of the nurses, the wards, and the patients' characteristics...
May 14, 2018: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773120/age-specific-association-between-blood-pressure-and-vascular-and-non-vascular-chronic-diseases-in-0%C3%A2-5-million-adults-in-china-a-prospective-cohort-study
#5
Ben Lacey, Sarah Lewington, Robert Clarke, Xiang Ling Kong, Yiping Chen, Yu Guo, Ling Yang, Derrick Bennett, Fiona Bragg, Zheng Bian, Shaojie Wang, Hua Zhang, Junshi Chen, Robin G Walters, Rory Collins, Richard Peto, Liming Li, Zhengming Chen
BACKGROUND: The age-specific association between blood pressure and vascular disease has been studied mostly in high-income countries, and before the widespread use of brain imaging for diagnosis of the main stroke types (ischaemic stroke and intracerebral haemorrhage). We aimed to investigate this relationship among adults in China. METHODS: 512 891 adults (59% women) aged 30-79 years were recruited into a prospective study from ten areas of China between June 25, 2004, and July 15, 2008...
June 2018: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772472/postintroduction-study-of-cost-effectiveness-of-pneumococcal-vaccine-pcv10-from-public-sector-payer-s-perspective-in-the-state-of-santa-catarina-brazil
#6
Emil Kupek, Ilse Viertel
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate cost effectiveness of 10-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in the routine immunization program for children younger than 5 years in Brazil by a postintroduction study. METHODS: Ecological study of prevaccine (2006-2009) versus postvaccine (2011-2014) period related the changes in mortality rate and hospitalization rate to direct cost of pneumonia treatment from the payer's perspective to estimate the cost effectiveness regarding lives saved, life-years gained, and disability-adjusted life-year for children younger than 5 years in the southern Brazilian state of Santa Catarina...
May 14, 2018: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771877/cholera-epidemic-lusaka-zambia-october-2017-may-2018
#7
Nyambe Sinyange, Joan M Brunkard, Nathan Kapata, Mazyanga Lucy Mazaba, Kunda G Musonda, Raymond Hamoonga, Muzala Kapina, Fred Kapaya, Lwito Mutale, Ernest Kateule, Francis Nanzaluka, James Zulu, Chileshe Lukwesa Musyani, Alison V Winstead, William W Davis, Hammad S N'cho, Nelia L Mulambya, Patrick Sakubita, Orbie Chewe, Sulani Nyimbili, Ezinne V C Onwuekwe, Nedghie Adrien, Anna J Blackstock, Travis W Brown, Gordana Derado, Nancy Garrett, Sunkyung Kim, Sydney Hubbard, Amy M Kahler, Warren Malambo, Eric Mintz, Jennifer Murphy, Rupa Narra, Gouthami G Rao, Margaret A Riggs, Nicole Weber, Ellen Yard, Khozya D Zyambo, Nathan Bakyaita, Namani Monze, Kennedy Malama, Jabbin Mulwanda, Victor M Mukonka
On October 6, 2017, an outbreak of cholera was declared in Zambia after laboratory confirmation of Vibrio cholerae O1, biotype El Tor, serotype Ogawa, from stool specimens from two patients with acute watery diarrhea. The two patients had gone to a clinic in Lusaka, the capital city, on October 4. Cholera cases increased rapidly, from several hundred cases in early December 2017 to approximately 2,000 by early January 2018 (Figure). In collaboration with partners, the Zambia Ministry of Health (MoH) launched a multifaceted public health response that included increased chlorination of the Lusaka municipal water supply, provision of emergency water supplies, water quality monitoring and testing, enhanced surveillance, epidemiologic investigations, a cholera vaccination campaign, aggressive case management and health care worker training, and laboratory testing of clinical samples...
May 18, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770591/surf-an-innovative-framework-in-biosecurity-and-animal-health-surveillance-evaluation
#8
Petra Muellner, Jonathan Watts, Paul Bingham, Mark Bullians, Brendan Gould, Anjali Pande, Tim Riding, Paul Stevens, Daan Vink, Katharina Dc Stärk
Surveillance for biosecurity hazards is being conducted by the New Zealand Competent Authority, the Ministry for Primary Industries (MPI) to support New Zealand's biosecurity system. Surveillance evaluation should be an integral part of the surveillance life cycle, as it provides a means to identify and correct problems and to sustain and enhance the existing strengths of a surveillance system. The surveillance evaluation Framework (SurF) presented here was developed to provide a generic framework within which the MPI biosecurity surveillance portfolio, and all of its components, can be consistently assessed...
May 16, 2018: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770100/lymphogranuloma-venereum-in-quebec-re-emergence-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#9
C A Boutin, S Venne, M Fiset, C Fortin, D Murphy, A Severini, C Martineau, J Longtin, A C Labbé
Background: Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by Chlamydia trachomatis genotypes L1 , L2 and L3 . This LGV is associated with significant morbidity and increased risk of HIV transmission. While fewer than two cases per year were reported in Quebec before 2005, LGV emerged in 2005-2006 with 69 cases, followed by a period of low incidence (2007-2012), and subsequent re-emergence since 2013. Objectives: To describe the incidence of LGV in Quebec and the characteristics of the affected population, including demographics and risk factors, clinical manifestations, laboratory tests, treatments and reinfection rates...
February 1, 2018: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770078/evaluating-the-timeliness-of-reporting-in-a-first-nations-communicable-diseases-program
#10
A Lam, S Woods, N Ndubuka
Background: Timely reporting of communicable diseases is necessary to enable a prompt response to mitigate and control outbreaks. This is especially true among First Nations communities due to a number of factors, including unique social determinants of health, which can contribute to rapid disease transmission. Objective: To assess the timeliness of reporting for 12 notifiable communicable diseases in the Northern Inter-Tribal Health Authority, which includes 33 First Nations on-reserve communities in Northern Saskatchewan, Canada, and to assess whether there were differences in reporting times depending on degree of remoteness of community, season or year...
June 1, 2017: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769657/correction-to-aryl-hydrocarbon-receptor-signaling-promotes-ormdl3-dependent-generation-of-sphingosine-1-phosphate-by-inhibiting-sphingosine-1-phosphate-lyase
#11
Hsueh-Chun Wang, Tzu-Hsuan Wong, Li-Ting Wang, Hsiang-Han Su, Hsiu-Yueh Yu, Ai-Hsuan Wu, Yu-Chun Lin, Hua-Ling Chen, Jau-Ling Suen, Shih-Hsien Hsu, Li-Chen Chen, Yufeng Zhou, Shau-Ku Huang
In this article, published online 23 March 2018, the affiliation 10 of Zhou Y was incorrect. The affiliation should be "Children's Hospital and Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Fudan University. Key Laboratory of Neonatal Disease, Ministry of Health, 201102, Shanghai, China." The authors regret the errors.
May 16, 2018: Cellular & Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769471/-ministry-of-health-2015-penultimate-year-children-and-survey-and-research-project-promoting-the-parenting-support-actual-conditions-report-on-the-results-of-the-investigation-on-allergy-control-in-day-care-centers-admissions-children-of-allergic-diseases-situation
#12
Noriyuki Yanagida, Motohiro Ebisawa, Toshio Katsunuma, Jyoji Yoshizawa
BACKGROUND: There are no reports on the prevalence and social acceptance of food allergies (FAs) and FAinduced symptoms in nursery schools in Japan. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to clarify the current status of FA among children in nurseries. METHODS: Investigations were conducted in childcare facilities nationwide through survey request forms found on the Web page or sent via post. RESULT: We received responses from 15722 out of the 32210 institutions (48...
2018: Arerugī, [Allergy]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769059/a-mooc-as-an-immediate-strategy-to-train-health-personnel-in-the-cholera-outbreak-in-mexico
#13
Laura Magaña-Valladares, Cynthia Rosas-Magallanes, Alejandra Montoya-Rodríguez, Guillermo Calvillo-Jacobo, Celia Mercedes Alpuche-Arande, Sebastían García-Saisó
BACKGROUND: In September 2013, two cases of cholera were reported in Mexico; 1 week later, a new outbreak was reported in the Huasteca region of Hidalgo. Upon the determination that the diagnostic and therapeutic interventions implemented by health personnel overlooked predefined procedures, the National Institute of Public Health, in coordination with the Ministry of Health, immediately designed the massive open online course "Proper cholera containment and management measures" to strengthen and standardize basic prevention and control practices...
May 16, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768503/high-uptake-of-antiretroviral-therapy-among-hiv-positive-tb-patients-receiving-co-located-services-in-swaziland
#14
Ishani Pathmanathan, Munyaradzi Pasipamire, Sherri Pals, E Kainne Dokubo, Peter Preko, Trong Ao, Sikhathele Mazibuko, Janet Ongole, Themba Dhlamini, Samson Haumba
BACKGROUND: Swaziland has the highest adult HIV prevalence and second highest rate of TB/HIV coinfection globally. Recently, the Ministry of Health and partners have increased integration and co-location of TB/HIV services, but the timing of antiretroviral therapy (ART) relative to TB treatment-a marker of program quality and predictor of outcomes-is unknown. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of programmatic data from 11 purposefully-sampled facilities to evaluate timely ART provision for HIV-positive TB patients enrolled on TB treatment between July-November 2014...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768107/does-expanding-fiscal-space-lead-to-improved-funding-of-the-health-sector-in-developing-countries-lessons-from-kenya-lagos-state-nigeria-and-south-africa
#15
Jane Doherty, Doris Kirigia, Chijioke Okoli, Jane Chuma, N Ezumah, Hyacinth Ichoku, Kara Hanson, Diane McIntyre
BACKGROUND: The global focus on promoting Universal Health Coverage has drawn attention to the need to increase public domestic funding for health care in low- and middle-income countries. OBJECTIVES: This article examines whether increased tax revenue in the three territories of Kenya, Lagos State (Nigeria) and South Africa was accompanied by improved resource allocation to their public health sectors, and explores the reasons underlying the observed trends. METHODS: Three case studies were conducted by different research teams using a common mixed methods approach...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765435/mortality-of-adult-intensive-care-units-in-turkey-using-the-apache-ii-and-sofa-systems-outcome-assessment-in-turkish-intensive-care-units
#16
Cetin Kaymak, Irfan Sencan, Seval Izdes, Aydin Sari, Hatice Yagmurdur, Derya Karadas, Derya Oztuna
Introduction: The aim of this study was to evaluate intensive care unit (ICU) performance using risk-adjusted ICU mortality rates nationally, assessing patients who died or had been discharged from the ICU. For this purpose, this study analyzed the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) databases, containing detailed clinical and physiological information and mortality of mixed critically ill patients in a medical ICU at secondary and tertiary referral ICUs in Turkey...
April 2018: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764108/factors-that-influence-enrolment-and-retention-in-ghana-national-health-insurance-scheme
#17
Agnes Millicent Kotoh, Genevieve Cecilia Aryeetey, Sjaak Van der Geest
BACKGROUND: The government of Ghana introduced the National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) in 2004 with the goal of achieving universal coverage within 5 years. Evidence, however, shows that expanding NHIS coverage and especially retaining members have remained a challenge. A multilevel perspective was employed as a conceptual framework and methodological tool to examine why enrolment and retention in the NHIS remains low. METHODS: A household survey was conducted after 20 months educational and promotional activities aimed at improving enrolment and retention rates in 15 communities in the Central and Eastern Regions (ERs) of Ghana...
October 17, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764104/the-response-to-and-impact-of-the-ebola-epidemic-towards-an-agenda-for-interdisciplinary-research
#18
Michael Calnan, Erica W Gadsby, Mandy Kader Kondé, Abdourahime Diallo, Jeremy S Rossman
BACKGROUND: The 2013-2016 Ebola virus disease (EVD) epidemic in West Africa was the largest in history and resulted in a huge public health burden and significant social and economic impact in those countries most affected. Its size, duration and geographical spread presents important opportunities for research than might help national and global health and social care systems to better prepare for and respond to future outbreaks. This paper examines research needs and research priorities from the perspective of those who directly experienced the EVD epidemic in Guinea...
September 3, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760762/prevalence-of-postpartum-depression-and-interventions-utilized-for-its-management
#19
Reindolf Anokye, Enoch Acheampong, Amy Budu-Ainooson, Edmund Isaac Obeng, Adjei Gyimah Akwasi
Introduction: Postpartum depression is a mood disorder that affects approximately 10-15% of adult mothers yearly. This study sought to determine the prevalence of postpartum depression and interventions utilized for its management in a Health facility in Ghana. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study design using a quantitative approach was used for the study. The study population included mothers and healthcare workers. Simple random sampling technique was used to select 257 mothers, while a convenience sampling technique was used to select 56 health workers for the study...
2018: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759423/hepatitis-c-prevalence-among-the-immigrant-population-in-spain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Jeffrey V Lazarus, Daniel J Bromberg, Julia Del Amo, Ole Norgaard, Javier García-Samaniego, Aina Casellas, José Luis Calleja, Ana Requena-Méndez
INTRODUCTION: Spain, which has one of the largest immigrant populations in Europe, has committed to eliminating the hepatitis C virus (HCV). The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of HCV among migrant groups in Spain, a country of 46 million people, with an estimated HCV-antibody prevalence of 1.7%. METHODS: Studies on HCV and migration in Spain were identified by systematically searching three databases from the first records to 30 November 2017, and consulting experts at the Ministry of Health and in the 17 Spanish autonomous communities...
May 11, 2018: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
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