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Viral activation transfusion study

Paula Saá, Melanie Proctor, Gregory Foster, David Krysztof, Colleen Winton, Jeffrey M Linnen, Kui Gao, Jaye P Brodsky, Ronald J Limberger, Roger Y Dodd, Susan L Stramer
BACKGROUND: Because of the potential severe clinical consequences of Zika virus (ZIKV) infection, the large numbers of asymptomatic travelers returning from ZIKV-active areas, the detection of ZIKV nucleic acid in blood, and reports of transmission of ZIKV through transfusion, in 2016 the Food and Drug Administration released recommendations for individual-unit nucleic acid testing to minimize the risk of transmission of ZIKV through blood transfusions. METHODS: The American Red Cross implemented investigational screening of donated blood for ZIKV RNA by means of transcription-mediated amplification (TMA)...
May 10, 2018: New England Journal of Medicine
Katrina K Ki, Helen M Faddy, Robert L Flower, Melinda M Dean
Transfusion of packed red blood cells (PRBCs) modulates patients' immune responses and clinical outcomes; however, the underpinning mechanism(s) remain unknown. The potential for PRBC to modulate myeloid dendritic cells (mDC) and blood DC antigen 3 was assessed using an in vitro transfusion model. In parallel, to model processes activated by viral or bacterial infection, toll-like receptor agonists polyinosinic:polycytidylic acid or lipopolysaccharide were added. Exposure to PRBC upregulated expression of CD83 and downregulated CD40 and CD80 on both DC subsets, and it suppressed production of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, IL-12, tumor necrosis factor-α, and interferon-gamma-inducible protein-10 by these cells...
March 2018: Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research
Katrina K Ki, Helen M Faddy, Robert L Flower, Melinda M Dean
Platelet transfusion has been reported to modulate the recipients' immune system. To date, the precise mechanism(s) driving poor patient outcomes (e.g., increased rate of mortality, morbidity, infectious complications and prolonged hospital stays) following platelet transfusion are largely undefined. To determine the potential for platelet concentrates (PC) to modulate responses of crucial immune regulatory cells, a human in vitro whole blood model of transfusion was established. Maturation and activation of human myeloid dendritic cells (mDC) and the specialized subset blood DC antigen (BDCA)3+ DC were assessed following exposure to buffy-coat derived PC at day (D)2 (fresh) and D5 (date-of-expiry)...
June 2018: Platelets
Silvia Fabiani, Simona Fortunato, Mario Petrini, Fabrizio Bruschi
BACKGROUND: Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) recipients are at substantial risk for a variety of infections depending upon numerous factors, such as degree of immunosuppression, host factors, and period after transplantation. Bacterial, fungal, viral, as well as parasitic infections can occur with high morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the magnitude of the occurrence of parasitic infections in allogeneic HSCT recipients...
April 2017: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
A S Vdovin, S Y Filkin, P R Yefimova, S A Sheetikov, N M Kapranov, Y O Davydova, E S Egorov, E G Khamaganova, M Y Drokov, L A Kuzmina, E N Parovichnikova, G A Efimov, V G Savchenko
Patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation have a high risk of cytomegalovirus reactivation, which in the absence of T-cell immunity can result in the development of an acute inflammatory reaction and damage of internal organs. Transfusion of the virus-specific donor T-lymphocytes represents an alternative to a highly toxic and often ineffective antiviral therapy. Potentially promising cell therapy approach comprises transfusion of cytotoxic T-lymphocytes, specific to the viral antigens, immediately after their isolation from the donor's blood circulation without any in vitro expansion...
November 2016: Biochemistry. Biokhimii︠a︡
Chaobaihui Ye, Weiming Wang, Liang Cheng, Guangming Li, Michael Wen, Qi Wang, Qing Zhang, Dan Li, Paul Zhou, Lishan Su
Despite success in viral inhibition and CD4 T cell recovery by highly active antiretroviral treatment (HAART), HIV-1 is still not curable due to the persistence of the HIV-1 reservoir during treatment. One patient with acute myeloid leukemia who received allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation from a homozygous CCR5 Δ32 donor has had no detectable viremia for 9 years after HAART cessation. This case has inspired a field of HIV-1 cure research focusing on engineering HIV-1 resistance in permissive cells...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Virology
Suliman M Al Humayed, Awad A El-Mekki, Ahmed A Mahfouz
The aim was to study the seroprevalence of Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and related risk factors in Aseer region in southwestern Saudi Arabia, the region known to be of the highest endemicity of viral hepatitis. In a cross-sectional study, all participants were interviewed using structured questionnaire. HCV infection was diagnosed using fourth-generation ELISA. All positive and equivocal HCV serology results were further confirmed by using a qualitative confirmatory RT-PCR. The study enrolled 10,234 participants...
May 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
Jerard Seghatchian, Jean Amiral
Blood cells generate heterogeneous populations of vesicles that are delivered, as small-specialized packages of highly active cell fragments in blood circulation, having almost similar functional activities, as the mother cells. These so called extracellular vesicles are the essential part of an energy-dependent natural apoptotic process; hence their beneficial and harmful biological functions cannot be ignored. Evidence is accumulating, that cellular derived vesicles, originate from all viable cells including: megakaryocytes, platelets, red blood cells, white blood cells and endothelial cells, the highest in proportions from platelets...
August 2016: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
Simona Ruta, Camelia Sultana, Cristiana Oprea, Codruta Vagu, Emanoil Ceausu, Costin Cernescu
INTRODUCTION: Chronic hepatitis C cases diagnosed in Romania were mostly related to unsafe parenteral treatments and blood transfusions; HCV genotype 1b was prevalent. During the last decade, an increasing number of HCV infections was reported among people who inject drugs (PWID). The aim of the current study was to test if this epidemiological shift triggered a diversification of the circulating viral strains. METHODOLOGY: HCV genotypes were determined by reverse hybridization in 130 HCV-infected PWID (87...
May 31, 2016: Journal of Infection in Developing Countries
P F van der Meer, U Gravemann, D de Korte, C Sumian, F Tolksdorf, T H Müller, A Seltsam
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Pathogen inactivation technologies require continuous development for adjustment to different blood components and products. With Theraflex UV-Platelets, a system using shortwave ultraviolet C (UVC) light (254 nm), efficient mixing of platelet concentrates (PCs) during UVC treatment is essential to ensure homogeneous illumination of the blood components. In this study, we investigated the impact of increasing the agitation speed during UVC treatment on pathogen inactivation capacity and platelet quality...
August 2016: Vox Sanguinis
Abdolreza Sotoodeh Jahromi, Abbas Ahmadi-Vasmehjani, Hassan Zabetian, Hossein Hakimelahi, Alireza Yusefi, Mohammad Sadegh Sanie, Somayehsadat Talebnia Jahromi, Masoud Ghanei, Abdolali Sapidkar, Saiedeh Erfanian, Abdolhossien Madani, Farshid Kafilzadeh, Mohammad Kargar, Mohammad Hojjat-Farsangi
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) could be cause of viral hepatitis in the developing countries and cause severe epidemics. According to other studies, blood transfusion as a probable route of HEV infection has been suggested. An infection with hepatitis agents such as HEV causes active liver failure in multi-transfusion patients in particular thalassemia. The purpose of this study determines the seropositivity of anti-HEV antibodies in thalassemia individuals in Jahrom. In a cross-sectional study, sera from 110 thalassemia were collected between 2013 and 2014...
September 1, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Amy Abruzzi, Bernard Fried, Sukaina B Alikhan
Although a considerable number of studies have been undertaken to date, it is still controversial as to whether or not coinfection with schistosomiasis increases the susceptibility to or progression from Hepatitis B virus (HBV) or Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. This review is a closer examination of the key studies conducted on human populations on clinical factors that were published in English between 1975 and January 2015. Our review is mainly based on tables containing the salient information, which are arranged first by study population, country of study and publication date...
2016: Advances in Parasitology
Paula F Ypma, Pieter F van der Meer, Nancy M Heddle, Joost A van Hilten, Theo Stijnen, Rutger A Middelburg, Tor Hervig, Johanna G van der Bom, Anneke Brand, Jean-Louis H Kerkhoffs
INTRODUCTION: Patients with chemotherapy-induced thrombocytopaenia frequently experience minor and sometimes severe bleeding complications. Unrestrictive availability of safe and effective blood products is presumed by treating physicians as well as patients. Pathogen reduction technology potentially offers the opportunity to enhance safety by reducing bacterial and viral contamination of platelet products along with a potential reduction of alloimmunisation in patients receiving multiple platelet transfusions...
January 27, 2016: BMJ Open
Kouka Saadeldin Abdelwahab, Zeinab Nabil Ahmed Said
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is still a major public health problem worldwide since its first identification in 1989. At the start, HCV infection was post-transfusion viral infection, particularly in developing countries. Recently, due to iv drug abuse, HCV infection became number one health problem in well-developed countries as well. Following acute HCV infection, the innate immune response is triggered in the form of activated coordinated interaction of NK cells, dendritic cells and interferon α. The acquired immune response is then developed in the form of the antibody-mediated immune response (ABIR) and the cell-mediated immune response (CMIR)...
January 14, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
P Sun, N Su, F Z Lin, L Ma, H J Wang, X Rong, Y D Dai, J Li, Z W Jian, L H Tang, W Xiao, C Q Li
Like other developing countries, China was reported to have a relatively high seroprevalence of anti-hepatitis A antibodies (anti-HAV). However, no studies have evaluated the prevalence of anti-HAV and HAV RNA among voluntary blood donors with or without elevated serum alanine transaminase (ALT) levels. Anti-HAV antibodies were detected using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction was carried out for detection of HAV RNA. In the current study, we analyzed a total of 450 serum samples with elevated ALT levels (≥40 U/L) and 278 serum samples with non-elevated ALT levels...
2015: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Nenad Vanis, Amila Mehmedović, Rusmir Mesihović
Immunoregulatory cytokines influence the persistence of hepatitis C virus chronic infection and the extent of liver damage. Interleukin-1 plays an important role in the inflammatory process. Some studies have demonstrated that IL-1 production was impaired in patients with chronic infections of hepatitis C virus, implying that IL-1 may play a role in viral clearance. In this study, along with routine laboratory tests, has been performed the analysis of serum levels of proinflammatory cytokine IL-1α in order of better understanding and monitoring of chronic hepatitis C...
March 2015: Collegium Antropologicum
Marjan Shaheli, Ramin Yaghobi, Abbasali Rezaeian, Mahdiyar Iravani Saadi, Mani Ramzi
BACKGROUND: The pathogenic association of Transfusion Transmitted Virus or Torque teno Virus (TT Virus) single and mixed infections with leukemia was under evaluation in these years but confront with controversies. This hypothesis is based on the higher prevalence of TT Virus infection in patients with leukemia compared with controls. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of TT Virus, Cytomegalovirus (CMV), Hepatitis B Virus (HBV), and Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) infections in patients with leukemia and healthy controls...
April 2015: Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology
Marion C Lanteri, Farnaz Vahidnia, Sylvia Tan, Jack T Stapleton, Philip J Norris, John Heitman, Xutao Deng, Sheila M Keating, Don Brambilla, Michael P Busch, Brian Custer
BACKGROUND: An association between GB virus C (GBV-C) and improved outcomes of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has been reported in HIV-positive individuals with active GBV-C coinfection. This study provides insights into the immune mechanisms underlying the protective role of GBV-C in HIV-infected patients. METHODS: The concentrations of 64 cytokines and chemokines were measured in plasma samples obtained from the Viral Activation Transfusion Study cohort before transfusion and longitudinally from 30 patients positive for both HIV and GBV-C (hereafter, "cases") and 30 patients positive for HIV and negative for GBV-C (hereafter, "controls")...
May 15, 2015: Journal of Infectious Diseases
Tanko Rufai, Mohamed Mutocheluh, Kwaku Kwarteng, Elliot Dogbe
Hepatitis B viral infection is an important clinical problem due to its worldwide distribution and potential of adverse sequelae, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We studied the prevalence of hepatitis B virus 'e' antigen (HBeAg) among individuals determined to be hepatitis B virus (HBV) surface antigen-positive and analyzed the gender/age category associated with more active HBV infection and whether alteration in the levels of alanine aminotransferase could be associated with HBeAg positivity. A total of 150 prospective blood donors who tested positive for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) at the blood transfusion center of the Komfo Anokye Teaching Hosptital (KATH), Kumasi were randomly selected for the study...
2014: Pan African Medical Journal
Jan Simoni, Grace Simoni, John F Moeller, Mario Feola, Donald E Wesson
Effective artificial oxygen carriers may offer a solution to tackling current transfusion medicine challenges such as blood shortages, red blood cell storage lesions, and transmission of emerging pathogens. These products, could provide additional therapeutic benefits besides oxygen delivery for an array of medical conditions. To meet these needs, we developed a hemoglobin (Hb)-based oxygen carrier, HemoTech, which utilizes the concept of pharmacologic cross-linking. It consists of purified bovine Hb cross-linked intramolecularly with open ring adenosine-5'-triphosphate (ATP) and intermolecularly with open ring adenosine, and conjugated with reduced glutathione (GSH)...
August 2014: Artificial Organs
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