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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909879/investigating-vaginal-bleeding-in-postmenopausal-women-found-to-have-an-endometrial-thickness-of-equal-to-or-greater-than-10%C3%A2-mm-on-ultrasonography
#1
Hilary L Turnbull, Nikolaos Akrivos, Paul Simpson, Timothy J Duncan, Joaquin J Nieto, Nikolaos Burbos
PURPOSE: This aim of this study is to determine the risk of endometrial cancer in symptomatic postmenopausal women, when endometrial thickness on transvaginal ultrasonography is equal to or greater than 10 mm, and subsequent office-based endometrial sampling histology is negative. METHODS: This is a prospective cross-sectional study, performed in a gynaecological oncology centre in the United Kingdom between February 2008 and July 2012. All postmenopausal women presenting with vaginal bleeding were investigated using transvaginal ultrasonography...
December 1, 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904630/a-survey-of-the-therapeutic-effects-of-vitamin-e-suppositories-on-vaginal-atrophy-in-postmenopausal-women
#2
Aazam Parnan Emamverdikhan, Nahid Golmakani, Sayyed ASajadi Tabassi, Malihe Hassanzadeh, Nooriyeh Sharifi, Mohammad Taghi Shakeri
BACKGROUND: Menopause is associated with various complications such as depression, sleep disorders, and genitourinary atrophy. Vaginal atrophy occurs due to the loss of steroid hormones, and its major symptoms include vaginal dryness, itching, dyspareunia, and bleeding after intercourse. According to the literature, vitamin E plays a key role in estrogen stability. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of vitamin E suppositories and conjugated estrogen vaginal cream on vaginal atrophy...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904169/lean-umbilical-cord-a-case-report
#3
N Rippinger, M Elsässer, P Sinn, C Sohn, H Fluhr
The "lean" umbilical cord (also known as thin-cord syndrome) is a comparatively rare anomaly of the umbilical cord, which has seldom been described in the medical literature. We report on a 35-year-old women who presented to us at 29 + 4 weeks gestation with vaginal bleeding and cervical incompetence subsequently complicated not only by premature rupture of membranes but also acute placental insufficiency requiring emergency caesarean section under general anaesthesia at 31 + 2 weeks gestation. At surgery no obvious cause for the acute placental insufficiency - such as placental abruption, cord prolapse or true knot of the umbilical cord - was found...
November 2016: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896263/complete-vaginal-outlet-stenosis-in-a-patient-with-sheehan-s-syndrome
#4
Minji Choo, Hana Park, Kyong Wook Yi
We present a case of complete vaginal stenosis in a woman diagnosed with Sheehan's syndrome. The patient delivered at full-term 5 months prior, and experienced massive postpartum bleeding at that time. During evaluation of persistent amenorrhea, we found that her vaginal orifice was completely adhesive and obstructed. Prior to corrective surgery, we managed the patient with an oral contraceptive to induce uterine bleeding into the vaginal outflow tract. After three cycles of an oral contraceptive, we could confirm that there was no stenotic lesion in the vaginal cavity as a hematocolpos was created...
November 2016: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896262/uterine-arteriovenous-malformation-with-positive-serum-beta-human-chorionic-gonadotropin-embolization-of-both-uterine-arteries-and-extra-uterine-feeding-arteries
#5
Su Mi Kim, Hee Young Ahn, Min Jeong Choi, Yun Dan Kang, Jin Wan Park, Choong Hak Park, Jong Soo Kim
The incidence of uterine arteriovenous malformation (AVM) is rare. However, it is clinically significant in that it can cause life-threatening vaginal bleeding. We report a case of a large uterine AVM with positive serum beta-human chorionic gonadotropin. A presumptive diagnosis was made; a uterine AVM accompanied by, early pregnancy or retained product of conception. Because this uterine AVM was extensive, transcatheter arterial embolization of both uterine arteries and extra-uterine feeding arteries was performed...
November 2016: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895680/the-role-of-interstitial-brachytherapy-in-the-management-of-primary-radiation-therapy-for-uterine-cervical-cancer
#6
Naoya Murakami, Kazuma Kobayashi, Tomoyasu Kato, Satoshi Nakamura, Akihisa Wakita, Hiroyuki Okamoto, Satoshi Shima, Keisuke Tsuchida, Tairo Kashihara, Ken Harada, Kana Takahashi, Rei Umezawa, Koji Inaba, Yoshinori Ito, Hiroshi Igaki, Jun Itami
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to report the clinical results of uterine cervical cancer patients treated by primary radiation therapy including brachytherapy, and investigate the role of interstitial brachytherapy (ISBT). MATERIAL AND METHODS: All consecutive uterine cervical cancer patients who were treated by primary radiation therapy were reviewed, and those who were treated by ISBT were further investigated for clinical outcomes and related toxicities. RESULTS: From December 2008 to October 2014, 209 consecutive uterine cervical cancer patients were treated with primary radiation therapy...
October 2016: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895081/malignant-melanoma-of-cervix
#7
Mayank Gupta
A 68-year-old woman presented with symptoms of bleeding per vaginum. On examination, a growth was seen in the cervix, clinically considered to be squamous cell carcinoma. The growth was confined to the cervix and did not involve the parametria. However, on biopsy it was diagnosed as malignant melanoma. She underwent surgery elsewhere and was advised chemotherapy as these tumours are aggressive; however, she refused chemotherapy. She has been on regular follow-up and has an ongoing survival and disease-free period of more than 5 years...
November 28, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891402/clinical-analysis-of-ectopic-pregnancies-in-a-tertiary-care-centre-in-southern-india-a-six-year-retrospective-study
#8
S Tahmina, Mary Daniel, Preethy Solomon
INTRODUCTION: Ectopic Pregnancy (EP) is a life-threatening emergency commonly encountered by medical practitioners where diagnosis can often be missed. Any woman in the reproductive age group, presenting with lower abdominal pain or vaginal bleeding must raise the suspicion of an ectopic pregnancy to prevent mortality and morbidity. AIM: To review all cases of EP and determine the incidence of EP. To study the high risk factors and know the types of clinical presentation, methods of diagnosis, outcome and complications...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882055/determinants-of-patient-delay-in-seeking-diagnosis-and-treatment-among-moroccan-women-with-cervical-cancer
#9
Fatima Ouasmani, Zaki Hanchi, Bouchra Haddou Rahou, Rachid Bekkali, Samir Ahid, Abdelhalem Mesfioui
Introduction. This study sought to investigate potential determinants of patient delay among Moroccan women with cervical cancer. Methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted from June 2014 to June 2015 at the National Institute of Oncology in Rabat. Data were collected using questionnaire among patients with cervical cancer locally advanced or metastatic (stages IIA-IVB). Medical records were abstracted to complete clinical information. An interval longer than 90 days between discovery of initial symptoms and presentation to a provider was defined as a patient delay...
2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881998/a-comparative-study-on-the-effects-of-mri-and-ct-guided-interventional-therapies-on-uterine-fibroids
#10
Yongxu Mu, Ruiqiang Yan, Junfeng He, Xiaoyan Hu, Qiming Li, Haiyan Liu
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of MRI- and CT-guided interventional therapies on uterine fibroids. METHODS: A total of 280 patients with uterine fibroids who were treated in our hospital from August 2008 to February 2014 were selected and divided into a treatment group and a control group by random draw (n=140). The control group and the treatment group were subjected to CT- and MRI-guided interventional therapies for uterine artery embolization. RESULTS: After three months of treatment, 94...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875811/prospective-case-control-study-of-abnormal-bleeding-after-outpatient-corticosteroid-injection
#11
Elizabeth Suh-Burgmann, Jennifer Y Liu
OBJECTIVE: This study is aimed at evaluating the incidence of bleeding among women having outpatient corticosteroid injection compared to matched controls, using mailed surveys and electronic health records. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective survey study of women receiving outpatient corticosteroid injection for joint or back pain (cases) compared to women matched for visit, diagnosis of joint/back pain, and age, who did not receive an injection (controls). A survey was mailed 45 days following outpatient visit, inquiring about menstrual history, abnormal bleeding, and potential risk factors...
November 23, 2016: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873052/symptoms-of-uterine-myomas-data-of-an-epidemiological-study-in-germany
#12
Dolores Foth, Friedrich-Wilhelm Röhl, Cornelia Friedrich, Heike Tylkoski, Thomas Rabe, Thomas Römer, Ann Kitay, Hans-Joachim Ahrendt
PURPOSE: Currently, no reliable data are available concerning the type and frequency of symptoms in premenopausal women with uterine myomas. METHODS: 2296 women were examined by means of vaginal ultrasound for the presence of myomas in seven gynaecological outpatient departments in Germany. From this population, 1314 premenopausal women between the ages of 30 and 55 years were evaluated to determine the type and frequency of myoma-related symptoms and their relationship to anamnestic factors, and the number, size, and location of the myomas...
November 21, 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863187/cytology-of-primary-vaginal-melanoma-an-unusual-report-on-fine-needle-aspiration
#13
Poojan Agarwal, Manju Kaushal
Primary malignant melanoma of the vagina is an extremely uncommon malignancy comprising of less than 10% malignancies of the female genital tract and 0.3% of all melanomas. Melanoblasts are neural crest derivatives and are notorious for causing primary cutaneous neoplasms. However, they involve virtually every organ of the body including eye, intestines and ocular mucosa, probably due to aberrancies in cell migration. Vagina is a rare site and primary melanoma of the vagina occurs in postmenopausal women with vaginal discharge, bleeding, or mass as common presenting complaints...
November 11, 2016: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861704/is-outpatient-hysteroscopy-the-new-gold-standard-results-from-an-11-year-prospective-observational-study
#14
Tony Ma, Emma Readman, Lauren Hicks, Jenny Porter, Melissa Cameron, Lenore Ellett, Kate Mcilwaine, Janine Manwaring, Peter Maher
BACKGROUND: In Australia, gynaecologists continue to investigate women with abnormal bleeding and suspected intrauterine pathology with inpatient hysteroscopy despite some evidence in the literature that that there is no difference in safety and outcome when compared to an outpatient procedure. AIMS: This prospective study assessed the safety, effectiveness and acceptability of outpatient hysteroscopy over 11 years at a tertiary hospital in Australia. Resource savings were then calculated...
November 15, 2016: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856158/abnormal-vaginal-bleeding-in-women-with-gynaecological-malignancies
#15
REVIEW
Tracey Adams, Lynette Denny
Abnormal vaginal bleeding is a common gynaecological symptom, and most causes are benign. International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics proposed a PALM-COEIN classification in 2011 to decrease heterogeneity in studies. The gynaecological malignancies that present with abnormal bleeding vary according to the age of the patient and the origin (upper versus lower genital tract). It is important that a thorough history and examination is performed to make this distinction. The common malignancies presenting symptoms and treatment are discussed in this article according to the age of the patient...
October 26, 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855529/uterine-packing-versus-foley-s-catheter-for-the-treatment-of-postpartum-hemorrhage-secondary-to-bleeding-tendency-in-low-resource-setting-a-four-year-observational-study
#16
Mohamed Rezk, Said Saleh, Hamid Ellakwa, Abdelhamid Shaheen, Tamer Fakhry
OBJECTIVE: to assess the effectiveness and safety of uterine packing versus Foley's catheter tamponade for controlling postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) secondary to bleeding tendency after vaginal delivery. METHODS: This was a prospective observational study conducted on 92 patients with primary PPH due to bleeding tendency following vaginal delivery who were unresponsive to uterotonics and bimanual compression of the uterus. Patients were divided into two groups, Uterine packing group (n = 45) and Foley catheter group (n = 47)...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854390/can-risk-factors-clinical-history-and-symptoms-be-used-to-predict-risk-of-ectopic-pregnancy-in-women-attending-an-early-pregnancy-assessment-unit
#17
F Ayim, S Tapp, S Guha, L Ameye, M Al-Memar, A Sayasneh, C Bottomley, D Gould, C Stalder, D Timmerman, T Bourne
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether risk factors and symptoms may be used to predict the likelihood of ectopic pregnancy (EP) in women attending early pregnancy assessment units in the UK. METHODS: This was an observational cohort study of pregnant women under 12 weeks' gestation who were recruited from three London university hospitals between August 2012 and April 2013. One hospital continued recruitment between January and June 2015. A standardized information sheet incorporating patient demographics, medical history and symptoms was completed by patients and confirmed by examining clinicians...
November 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853850/clinical-and-imaging-predictors-of-management-in-retained-products-of-conception
#18
Aya Kamaya, Priya Menon Krishnarao, Nita Nayak, R Brooke Jeffrey, Katherine E Maturen
OBJECTIVES: To determine if clinical and ultrasound (US) imaging features help predict management in clinically suspected retained products of conception (RPOC). METHODS: 334 patients sonographically evaluated for RPOC were included in this IRB-approved retrospective study. Of the 334 patients, 176 had sonographic diagnosis of RPOC and comprised the final study group. Patients were managed expectantly, medically, or surgically in accordance with clinical judgment of treating physicians...
November 17, 2016: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853824/efficacy-and-safety-of-prophylactic-uterine-artery-embolization-in-pregnancy-termination-with-placenta-previa
#19
Renguang Pei, Guoxiang Wang, Heping Wang, Xinyu Huang, Xiaoxing Yan, Xiaohua Yang
PURPOSE: To appraise the efficacy and safety of prophylactic uterine artery embolization in pregnancy termination with placenta previa. METHODS: A cohort of 54 consecutive patients with placenta previa underwent prophylactic uterine artery embolization before vaginal delivery from February 2012 to March 2015. Vaginal delivery was attempted in all patients. Cesarean section or hysterectomy was introduced when vaginal delivery failed. RESULTS: Vaginal delivery succeeded in 50 patients (93...
November 16, 2016: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849343/recurrent-uterine-leiomyosarcoma-an-atypical-location
#20
Mesut Köse, Fatih Çelik, Seda Kayman Köse, Dağıstan Tolga Arıöz, Mehmet Yılmazer, Çiğdem Tokyol
Leiomyosarcoma (LMS) is a malignant tumor of smooth muscle cells and comprises 5-24% of all soft tissue sarcomas. Although the most frequent symptoms are vaginal bleeding and abdominal pain, the symptoms are generally associated with dimensions and localization of the tumor. The current study presents a case of uterine leiomyosarcoma that metastasized to the rectus abdominis muscle, which has only been previously reported in two cases in the literature. A 57-year-old multigravid patient presented with a palpable mass in her abdomen...
November 2016: Journal of Experimental Therapeutics & Oncology
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