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ovarian torsion

Jennifer Hartley, Muhammad Akhtar, Edmond Edi-Osagie
A 31-year-old nulliparous patient presents with a three-day history of right sided colicky abdominal pain and associated nausea. This patient has previously presented twice with right sided ovarian torsion with the background of polycystic ovaries in the last two consecutive years. Blood tests were normal. Due to previous history, there was a high index of clinical suspicion that this may be a further torsion. Therefore, the patient was taken to theatre for a diagnostic laparoscopy and a further right sided ovarian torsion was noted...
2018: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Ebru Celik Kavak, Funda Gulcu Bulmus, Ozgur Bulmus, Salih Burcin Kavak, Nevin Kocaman
Aim: The aim of the present study was to assess the protective effects of magnesium sulfate (MgSO4 ) on ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) induced ovarian damage in a rat ovarian torsion model. Methods: Forty-two female Sprague Dawley rats were included in the study. They were divided into six groups as Group 1, sham; Group 2, bilateral ovarian torsion; Group 3, bilateral ovarian torsion-detorsion; Group 4, MgSO4 -sham; Group 5, MgSO4 -bilateral ovarian torsion; Group 6, bilateral ovarian torsion-MgSO4 -detorsion...
2018: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
Athanasios Tyraskis, Spyros Bakalis, Carolina Scala, Argyro Syngelaki, Stefano Giuliani, Mark Davenport, Anna L David, Kypros Nicolaides, Simon Eaton, Paolo De Coppi
AIM: We investigated the natural history of fetal ovarian cysts to estimate the risk of torsion according to size. METHODS: Cases were identified from 1/1/2000 until 1/1/2015. Data were collected pre- and postnatally on cyst size and sonographic features until an outcome of surgery, torsion, or resolution. Fisher's exact test for categorical data and logistic regression for continuous data were used to test the significance of size on torsion; P value <0.05 was considered significant...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Kun Chu, Qing Zhang, Ningxia Sun, Haixia Ding, Wen Li
Laparoscopic unwinding of adnexal torsion has been proposed for decades. However, this technique is still controversial regarding the concern of thromboembolic events. We present two cases of conservative laparoscopic management of adnexal torsion. In the first case, a 16-year-old adolescent with serous cystadenoma was successfully managed by untwisting and cystectomy. We followed up this patient for 17 years with regular re-examinations in our hospital. To the best of our knowledge, this is the longest follow-up reported of this condition...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
William Shyy, Roneesha S Knight, Nathan A Teismann
BACKGROUND: Abdominal pain is one of the most common chief complaints of patients presenting to emergency departments, and emergency physicians (EPs) often evaluate patients with right lower quadrant abdominal pain. Ovarian torsion is a rare cause of abdominal pain, but early diagnosis is essential for salvage of the affected ovary. The diagnostic study of choice for ovarian torsion is a pelvic ultrasound with color Doppler, but it is important for EPs and radiologists to be aware of findings of ovarian torsion that might appear on computed tomography (CT)...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Ioannis Chatzipapas, Nikolaos Kathopoulis, Athanasios Protopapas, Dimitrios Loutradis
Laparoscopy has gradually expanded its use in gynecologic surgery over the last three decades. In this report, a new laparoscopic setup is presented using a mobile smartphone that allows for a low-cost, portable laparoscopic viewing system. The setup was created with the coupling of a rigid 0 degrees, 10-mm diameter laparoscope via a commercially available adaptor with a smartphone. The light source used was also a portable and rechargeable light-emitting diode (LED) cold light source. We completed 17 diagnostic laparoscopies for different pathologies such as ectopic pregnancy, ovarian torsion, luteal hemorrhagic cyst, and disseminated ovarian cancer...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Sandeep Agarwala, Alisha Gupta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 15, 2018: Indian Pediatrics
M A Chundokova, A F Dronov, I S Chirkov, E M Cherkesova, Yu E Fateev
AIM: To improve the outcomes in children with ovarian torsion. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Three clinical observations of patients with ovarian torsion are presented. Duration of the disease was 3-4 days. All children underwent organ-sparing surgery including untwisting followed by ovariopexy. RESULTS: All children were examined in early and late postoperative period (up to 5 years) after organ-sparing procedures. Ultrasonic picture of the ovaries including structure and dimensions corresponded to age, the follicles were determined...
2018: Khirurgiia
Sarah K Walker, Dave R Lal, Kevin P Boyd, Thomas T Sato
PURPOSE: This study reviews contemporary management and follow-up of pediatric ovarian torsion. METHODS: This is a retrospective series of patients from birth to 19 years undergoing operative management of ovarian torsion from 2012 to 2016. RESULTS: We studied 43 girls who underwent 51 operations for ovarian torsion. The median age was 8.3 years. Ultrasound was utilized for diagnosis in 24/29 patients (83%) evaluated in a children's hospital...
January 9, 2018: Surgery
Ji Yong Jung, Ji Ung Na, Sang Kuk Han, Pil Cho Choi, Jang Hee Lee, Dong Hyuk Shin
BACKGROUND: Accurate and timely diagnosis of acute surgical disease in pregnant patient is challenging. Although magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the most accurate modality to diagnose acute appendicitis in pregnant patients, it is often used as a last resort because of high cost and long scan time. We performed this study to analyze differential diagnoses of appendix MRI and to investigate if there are any blood tests that can predict surgical condition in pregnant patients. METHODS: A retrospective, cross-sectional study was conducted on 46 pregnant patients who underwent non-enhanced appendix MRI in suspicion of acute appendicitis from 2010 to 2016...
2018: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
Caroline Mandoul, Cécile Verheyden, Fernanda Curros-Doyon, Gauthier Rathat, Patrice Taourel, Ingrid Millet
PURPOSE: To determine which CT findings or combinations of CT findings could accurately identify adnexal torsion in a cohort of women admitted for abdominal pain and presenting with an adnexal mass. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The local institutional review board approved this retrospective case-control study involving adults-the informed consent requirement was waived. Enhanced computed tomography (CT) findings of 32 consecutive adnexal torsion and 32 control patients admitted for abdominal pain and presenting with an adnexal mass were independently reviewed by two radiologists, with consensus by a third one, for all CT findings commonly assessed in adnexal torsion...
January 2018: European Journal of Radiology
Jitendra Singh Nigam, Pushpanjali Ojha, Chitrawati Bal Gargade, Archana Hemant Deshpande
Massive ovarian edema is a rare, non-neoplastic solid tumor-like lesion. It results from compromised venous and lymphatic drainage due to partial or intermittent torsion of ovarian pedicle. Pain, distension or abdominal mass, menstrual irregularities, infertility and hormone-related symptoms can be the clinical presentation. We report a case of massive ovarian edema in a 28-year-old female who presented with acute pain abdomen. She was diagnosed clinico-radiologically with solid ovarian tumor and massive ovarian edema on histology...
2017: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
Ahmet Atıcı, Engin Yılmaz, Ayşe Karaman, Sema Apaydın, Çağatay Evrim Afşarlar
Atıcı A, Yılmaz E, Karaman A, Apaydın S, Afşarlar ÇE. Tuba-ovarian auto-amputation caused by ovarian teratoma in an adolescent girl. Turk J Pediatr 2017; 59: 90-92. Ovarian auto-amputation is an extremely rare condition commonly encountered in the perinatal period. Spontaneous or secondary torsion of the ovary caused by an ovarian lesion may result in infarction and subsequent auto-amputation of the ovary. This paper demonstrates a case that underwent laparoscopic appendectomy with an incidental calcified auto-amputated right ovary...
2017: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
Roshni Dasgupta, Elizabeth Renaud, Adam B Goldin, Robert Baird, Danielle B Cameron, Meghan A Arnold, Karen A Diefenbach, Ankush Gosain, Julia Grabowski, Yigit S Guner, Tim Jancelewicz, Akemi Kawaguchi, Dave R Lal, Tolulope A Oyetunji, Robert L Ricca, Julia Shelton, Stig Somme, Regan F Williams, Cynthia D Downard
OBJECTIVE: Ovarian torsion in pediatric patients is a rare event and is primarily managed by pediatric general surgeons. Torsion can be treated with detorsion of the ovary or oopherectomy. Oopherectomy is the most common procedure performed by pediatric general surgeons for ovarian torsion. The purpose of this systematic review by the American Pediatric Surgical Association Outcomes and Evidence Based Practice Committee was to examine evidence from the medical literature and provide recommendations regarding the optimal treatment of ovarian torsion...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Cemile Dayangan Sayan, Gokhan Karaca, Zehra Sema Ozkan, Ozlem B Tulmac, Aslı Ceylan Isik, Tuba Devrim, Gülcin Aydin, Ilkin Yeral
AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the protective effect of metformin on the rat ovary against ischemia-reperfusion injury. METHODS: Thirty-seven female Wistar albino rats were used in the study. The rats were divided into five groups, as follows: sham operation group (group 1); torsion group (group 2); torsion/detorsion + saline group (group 3); torsion/detorsion + low-dose metformin group (group 4); and torsion/detorsion + high-dose metformin group (group 5)...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
David R Hansberry, Michael D'Angelo, Michael D White, Arpan V Prabhu, Mougnyan Cox, Nitin Agarwal, Sandeep Deshmukh
PURPOSE: The vast amount of information found on the internet, combined with its accessibility, makes it a widely utilized resource for Americans to find information pertaining to medical information. The field of radiology is no exception. In this paper, we assess the readability level of websites pertaining specifically to emergency radiology. METHODS: Using Google, 23 terms were searched, and the top 10 results were recorded. Each link was evaluated for its readability level using a set of ten reputable readability scales...
November 15, 2017: Emergency Radiology
M Angela Pascual, Betlem Graupera, Cristina Pedrero, Ignacio Rodriguez, Silvia Ajossa, Stefano Guerriero, Juan Luis Alcázar
OBJECTIVE: To assess the natural history of ultrasonographically diagnosed benign ovarian teratomas in asymptomatic women. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective observational cohort study of 408 women (mean age 36.6 years, range 14-81 years) diagnosed as having an ovarian teratoma by transvaginal ultrasonography (except eight who only had a transabdominal study done) between January 2003 and December 2013 at a single tertiary care institution. Six hundred thirteen women were diagnosed with ovarian teratoma of whom 205 were promptly treated surgically, leaving 408 patients followed conservatively with follow-up scans at 3 and 6 months from diagnosis and then yearly...
December 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Jean Bouquet de Joliniere, J B Dubuisson, F Khomsi, A Fadhlaoui, G Grant, N Ben Ali, A Major, A Feki
Diagnosis of adnexial torsion is difficult during pregancy (1). The time of decision and laparoscopy is that of the risk of necrosis of the adnexa and, therefore, of the ovarian prognosis. The loss of an ovary can compromise the following fertility. Even if concerns related to laparoscopy in pregnant patients include a limited surgical field, with a risk of uterine injury and negative fetal effects of CO2 insufflation. Evidence base suggests that minimally invasive surgery can be safe and better than laparotomy for management of adnexal masses during late pregnancy with good postoperative and obstetric outcomes...
2017: Frontiers in Surgery
Philipp Bolli, Sabine Schädelin, Stefan Holland-Cunz, Peter Zimmermann
The aim of this study was to identify clinical signs and symptoms of ovarian torsion (OT) in children and to develop a simple predictive score.A chart review of patients with acute adnexal pathologies treated at the University Children's Hospital Basel, Switzerland, between March 2006 and June 2015 was performed. Medical records were screened for demographic and clinical data. These included clinical symptoms, laboratory studies, imaging, and type of treatment. The diagnosis OT was defined as intraoperative visualization of the torsed ovary around its pedicle at least 360 degrees...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Melahat Atasever, Zeyneb Bakacak
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of Nigella sativa (N. sativa) oil (NSO) on ovarian oxidative damage following ischemia-reperfusion injury, using a rat model of ovarian torsion. MATERIAL AND METHODS Forty-eight female albino Wistar rats were divided into six groups: (Group 1) laparotomy only; (Group 2) intraperitoneal NSO (2 ml/kg), 1 hour following laparotomy; (Group 3) 3 hours of ovarian ischemia; (Group 4) 3 hours of ovarian ischemia followed by 3 hours of reperfusion; (Group 5) 3 hours of ovarian ischemia and 2 ml/kg of NSO 1 hour before laparotomy; (Group 6) 3 hours of reperfusion after 3 hours of ovarian ischemia and 2 ml/mg of NSO 1 hour before laparotomy...
October 21, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
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