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Kosuke Sakitani, Nobumi Suzuki, Sozaburo Ihara, Yoshihiro Hirata, Shoji Kawazu, Yasuhiko Iwamoto, Kazuhiko Koike
OBJECTIVES: To determine if a discrepancy exists between subjective symptoms and the grade of endoscopic gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in diabetes mellitus (DM) patients. METHODS: All 2,884 patients who underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy completed the modified Gastrointestinal Symptom Rating Scale (GSRS), an interview-based rating scale consisting of 16 items including a question on acid regurgitation. Patients were divided into DM and non-DM groups (1,135 and 1,749 patients, respectively)...
2018: PloS One
C N Ezisi, B I Eze, O Okoye, O Arinze
Objective: To assess the awareness of work-related ocular health hazards and utilization of personal protective eye devices (PPEDs) among stone quarry workers in Abakaliki, southeastern Nigeria. Materials and Methods: In a cross-sectional survey of stone quarry industry workers in Abakiliki, conducted between March and April, 2012, data on participants' socio-demographics, job characteristics, PPED awareness, and utilization were collected. Descriptive and analytical statistics were performed...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Kamil Barański, Jan E Zejda
The aim of the study was to assess short-term repeatability of measurements of fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FENO) and its correlates in children in the 6- to 9-year age bracket participating in a respiratory epidemiological survey. FENO was measured in two sessions one week apart in 101 children. Participants were divided into three groups: asymptomatic (n = 76); symptomatic (n = 14); and asthma (n = 11). Absolute and relative differences between the measurements, as well as concordance correlation coefficients, were used in order to assess repeatability...
January 2018: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
M A Cassis, R R de Almeida, G Janson, A Aliaga-Del Castillo, M R de Almeida
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the stability of anterior open bite (AOB) treatment with bonded spurs associated with high-pull chincup (BS/HPCC). METHODS: The experimental group consisted of 25 Class I AOB patients (15 female, 10 male) treated with BS/HPCC for 1 year. Cephalograms were analysed at pre-treatment (T1), post-treatment (T2) and at the 3-year post-treatment (T3) stage with the patients mean ages of 8.10, 9.14 and 12.18 years, respectively. The control group consisted of 23 subjects (13 female, 10 male) with normal occlusion, with comparable ages at the 3 stages (8...
March 14, 2018: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
Charlotte F Cole, June H Lee, Abigail Bucuvalas, Yasemin Sırali
Children's media have the capacity to prepare young learners to develop the knowledge, attitudes, and skills they need to contribute to a more peaceful world. Research suggests international coproductions of Sesame Street and other children's media efforts are linked to positive impact on how viewers perceive themselves and their own cultures, as well as how they perceive others. Creating such media, however, relies on a commitment to a complex development process where the educational needs of children are considered alongside intra- and intergroup dynamics and political realities...
March 2018: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
Sveva Grande, Alessandra Palma, Lucia Ricci-Vitiani, Anna Maria Luciani, Mariachiara Buccarelli, Mauro Biffoni, Agnese Molinari, Annarica Calcabrini, Emanuela D'Amore, Laura Guidoni, Roberto Pallini, Vincenza Viti, Antonella Rosi
Clustering of patient-derived glioma stem-like cells (GSCs) through unsupervised analysis of metabolites detected by magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) evidenced three subgroups, namely clusters 1a and 1b, with high intergroup similarity and neural fingerprints, and cluster 2, with a metabolism typical of commercial tumor lines. In addition, subclones generated by the same GSC line showed different metabolic phenotypes. Aerobic glycolysis prevailed in cluster 2 cells as demonstrated by higher lactate production compared to cluster 1 cells...
2018: Stem Cells International
Paola Queirolo, Beatrice Dozin, Anna Morabito, Barbara Banelli, Patrizia Piccioli, Cristiana Fava, Claudio Leo, Roberta Carosio, Stefania Laurent, Vincenzo Fontana, Pier Francesco Ferrucci, Chiara Martinoli, Emilia Cocorocchio, Angelo Battaglia, Paolo A Ascierto, Mariaelena Capone, Ester Simeone, Federica De Galitiis, Elena Pagani, Gian Carlo Antonini Cappellini, Paolo Marchetti, Michele Guida, Stefania Tommasi, Mario Mandalà, Barbara Merelli, Pietro Quaglino, Paolo Fava, Massimo Guidoboni, Massimo Romani, Francesco Spagnolo, Maria Pia Pistillo
[This corrects the article on p. 386 in vol. 8, PMID: 28446908.].
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
David E Rast, Michael A Hogg, Daan van Knippenberg
Resolving intergroup conflict is a significant and often arduous leadership challenge, yet existing theory and research rarely, if ever, discuss or examine this situation. Leaders confront a significant challenge when they provide leadership across deep divisions between distinct subgroups defined by self-contained identities-The challenge is to avoid provoking subgroup identity distinctiveness threat. Drawing on intergroup leadership theory, three studies were conducted to test the core hypothesis that, where identity threat exists, leaders promoting an intergroup relational identity will be better evaluated and are more effective than leaders promoting a collective identity; in the absence of threat, leaders promoting a collective identity will prevail...
March 1, 2018: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
M Parra-Moreno, J J Rodríguez-Juan, J D Ruiz-Cárdenas
INTRODUCTION: Commercial video games are considered an effective tool to improve postural balance in different populations. However, the effectiveness of these video games for patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) is unclear. OBJECTIVES: To analyse existing evidence on the effects of commercial video games on postural balance in patients with MS. MATERIAL AND METHOD: We conducted a systematic literature search on 11 databases (Academic-Search Complete, AMED, CENTRAL, CINAHL, WoS, IBECS, LILACS, Pubmed/Medline, Scielo, SPORTDiscus, and Science Direct) using the following terms: "multiple sclerosis", videogames, "video games", exergam*, "postural balance", posturography, "postural control", balance...
March 7, 2018: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
Douglas W Jones, Philip P Goodney, Jens Eldrup-Jorgensen, Marc L Schermerhorn, Jeffrey J Siracuse, Jeanwan Kang, Jesse A Columbo, Bjoern D Suckow, David H Stone
OBJECTIVE: Performing lower extremity bypass (LEB) in actively smoking claudicants remains controversial. Whereas some surgeons advocate a strict nonoperative approach to active smokers, citing perceived inferior outcomes, others will proceed with surgical bypass if the patient is anatomically suited and medical management has failed. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of active smoking on LEB outcomes among claudicants. METHODS: All patients undergoing infrainguinal LEB for claudication in the Vascular Study Group of New England from 2003 to 2016 were analyzed...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
N Raguema, M B A Gannoun, H Zitouni, S Meddeb, D Benletaifa, J L Lavoie, W Y Almawi, T Mahjoub
OBJECTIVES: Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is implicated in several aspects of pregnancy. As genetic predisposition can be involved in the development of preeclampsia, the association between IL-10's promoter region polymorphisms and this pathology has been investigated, although with conflicting results. To date, only a small cohort study (total n = 40) has evaluated this association in the African continent, and none have been conducted in Tunisia. Hence, we evaluated the association between these polymorphisms and the risk of preeclampsia in a large Tunisian cohort...
January 2018: Pregnancy Hypertension
Hans I V Lindgren, Peter Qvarfordt, Stefan Bergman, Anders Gottsäter
BACKGROUND: Intermittent claudication (IC) is commonly caused by lesions in the superficial femoral artery (SFA), yet invasive treatment is still controversial and longer term patient-reported outcomes are lacking. This prospective randomized trial assessed the 24-month impact of primary stenting with nitinol self-expanding stents compared to best medical treatment (BMT) alone in patients with stable IC due to SFA disease on health-related quality of life (HRQoL). METHODS: One hundred patients with stable IC due to SFA disease treated with BMT were randomized to either stent (n = 48) or control (n = 52) group...
March 8, 2018: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
Kun Huang, Ningning Gao, Qixi Zhai, Donglin Bian, Difei Wang, Xuemei Wang
This study investigates the application of ultrasound, especially the anteroposterior diameter of nodules in the malignancy and metastasis risk assessment of papillary thyroid microcarcinoma through a retrospective analysis of 500 cases of thyroid nodule ultrasonography.We selected 500 patients with thyroid nodules (maximum nodule diameter ≤2.0 cm) that had been diagnosed clinically and graded TI-RADS 4c by ultrasonography and surgically treated. Among these, there were 258 cases of pathologically diagnosed papillary thyroid microcarcinoma, 72 cases of nodular goiter or adenoma, 137 cases of papillary thyroid carcinoma, 28 cases of acinar cell carcinoma, and 5 cases of undifferentiated carcinoma...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Eishin Nakamura, Kouki Samejima, Natsuko Takayanagi, Yoshihisa Ono, Shigetaka Matsunaga, Tomonori Nagai, Yasushi Takai, Masahiro Saitoh, Kazunori Baba, Hiroyuki Seki
AIM: Umbilical cord ulceration (UCU) is a disease in which an ulcer forms in the umbilical cord in the pregnant uterus and is accompanied by hemorrhaging from the same site. UCU occurs in fetuses with congenital upper-intestinal atresia (CUIA); however, its onset mechanism remains unclear. Here, we report our investigation of cases of UCU in our hospital. METHODS: Among the 9825 deliveries performed between 2007 and 2016 at this hospital, 20 fetuses were diagnosed with CUIA, 4 (20%) of which had UCU...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Yu Yang, Chen Tang, Xiaofei Qu, Chao Wang, Thomas F Denson
Past studies have found that the facial width-to-height ratio (FWHR) is associated with a range of traits and behaviors that are possibly important to dyadic negotiations. However, it is unknown whether the FWHR would have an impact on intergroup negotiations, which happen frequently and often have higher stakes in the real world. To examine this question, in the current study, we randomly assigned 1,337 Chinese business executives into 288 groups and they completed a multi-issue negotiation exercise against each other...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Hyoung-Kil Park, Min-Kyung Jung, Eunkyung Park, Chang-Young Lee, Yong-Seok Jee, Denny Eun, Jun-Youl Cha, Jaehyun Yoo
Performing warm-ups increases muscle temperature and blood flow, which contributes to improved exercise performance and reduced risk of injuries to muscles and tendons. Stretching increases the range of motion of the joints and is effective for the maintenance and enhancement of exercise performance and flexibility, as well as for injury prevention. However, stretching as a warm-up activity may temporarily decrease muscle strength, muscle power, and exercise performance. This study aimed to clarify the effect of stretching during warm-ups on muscle strength, muscle power, and muscle endurance in a nonathletic population...
February 2018: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Julien Chevreau, Arthur Foulon, Osama Abou, Marion Luisin, Camille Parent, Fabrice Sergent, Jean Gondry
INTRODUCTION: Breech presentation and twin pregnancy are regarded as stressful situations for medical staff. This stress is often associated with an increased likelihood of intervention during labor - especially when the on-shift obstetrician lacks experience. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a 2-year prospective, observational study of cesarean section (CSDs) and assisted vaginal (AVDs) deliveries in a tertiary maternity unit for attempted vaginal deliveries of breech presentations and twin pregnancies...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction
Yaniv Mayer, Ofir Ginesin, Alaa Khutaba, Eli E Machtei, Hadar Zigdon Giladi
BACKGROUND: Cells, scaffolds, and growth factors are the key components in bone tissue engineering. Scaffold composition, topography, and architecture influence the amount of regenerated bone in the implantation site. The aims of the study were to compare viability and proliferation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) seeded onto two commercial xenografts: Bio-Oss (BO) and bioactive bone bovine (BB). Next, these materials were compared for histomorphometric bone formation in a socket preservation model in rats...
March 6, 2018: Clinical Implant Dentistry and related Research
Dimitra Tziona, Marianna Papaioannou, Argyro Mela, Styliani Potamianou, Alexandros Makris
PURPOSE: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is associated with moderate to severe postoperative pain. This study evaluates the technique of local infiltration analgesia (LIA), by comparing it to saline injections in addition to a standardized multimodal regimen including an adductor canal block. METHODS: Between September 2015 and March 2016, forty patients aged 18 years and older, ASA I-III, undergoing primary unilateral cemented TKA under spinal anesthesia were randomized to receive either LIA (LIA group) or normal saline (sham LIA group)...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Anesthesia
Daniele Furtado-Albanezi, Soraia Pilon Jürgensen, Mariana Arias Avila, Grasiela Nascimento Correia, Patricia Driusso
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The objective was to check the effects of two nonpharmacological treatments on the sleep quality of women with nocturia. METHODS: A randomized controlled clinical trial in which 40 women with nocturia were randomized into two groups; one was subjected to tibial nerve stimulation (GTNS) and the other received pelvic floor muscle training associated with behavioral therapy (GPFMT). Both groups were followed for 12 weeks, with one session/week; evaluated by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), King's Heath Questionnaire (KHQ), and Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS)...
March 6, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
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