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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146161/intraoperative-workflow-for-all-inside-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-an-in%C3%A2-vitro-biomechanical-evaluation-of-preconditioning-and-knot-tying
#1
Edoardo Monaco, Samuel Bachmaier, Mattia Fabbri, Riccardo Maria Lanzetti, Coen A Wijdicks, Andrea Ferretti
PURPOSE: To evaluate and compare the effect of preconditioning according to intraoperative workflow on the elongation behavior of single-side and fully knotted all-inside anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction configurations in a biomechanical in vitro study. METHODS: Four full construct all-inside ACL reconstruction groups (n = 8 per group) were tested using porcine tibias and bovine tendons. Groups included both an all-inside configuration with one- (group 1) and both-side knotted adjustable loop-length devices (group 2), without and with performing intraoperative preconditioning (group 1-intraoperative preconditioned [IPC], group 2-IPC)...
November 13, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143355/short-term-changes-in-chewing-efficiency-and-subjective-evaluation-in-normal-dentate-subjects-after-insertion-of-oral-appliances-with-an-occlusal-flat-table
#2
Yuya Satokawa, Ichiro Minami, Noriyuki Wakabayashi
BACKGROUND: Oral appliances with an occlusal flat table are used as treatment dentures. However, the short-term effect of insertion of such oral appliances on chewing has not been reported. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine whether experimental and continuous insertion of oral appliances with an occlusal flat table has an effect on chewing efficiency and Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP) in healthy participants. METHODS: Ten participants each in the oral-appliance and control (no oral-appliance insertion) groups attended six data collection sessions for 5 consecutive days...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141860/multicenter-evaluation-of-octreotide-as-secondary-prophylaxis-in-patients-with-left-ventricular-assist-devices-and-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#3
Keyur B Shah, Sampath Gunda, Sitaramesh Emani, Manreet K Kanwar, Nir Uriel, Paolo C Colombo, Patricia A Uber, Melissa L Sears, Joyce Chuang, David J Farrar, Donald F Brophy, George B Smallfield
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding is one of the most common complications after continuous-flow left ventricular assist device implantation. More than one third of patients with incident bleed go on to develop recurrent GI bleeding. Octreotide, a somatostatin analog, is proposed to reduce the risk of recurrent GI bleeding in this population. METHODS AND RESULTS: This multicenter, retrospective analysis evaluated 51 continuous-flow left ventricular assist device patients who received secondary prophylaxis with octreotide after their index GI bleed from 2009 to 2015...
November 2017: Circulation. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140840/high-voltage-electrical-stimulation-versus-ultrasound-in-the-treatment-of-pressure-ulcers
#4
Pinar Bora Karsli, Eda Gurcay, Ozgur Zeliha Karaahmet, Aytul Cakci
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess and compare the efficacy of high-voltage electrical stimulation (HVES) with ultrasound (US) in treating Stage II through Stage IV pressure ulcers (PrUs)* of hospitalized patients. DESIGN: This study was designed as a prospective, controlled trial in which patients were randomly assigned to 2 groups. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTINGS: A total of 27 patients (22 male, 5 female) hospitalized for neurologic rehabilitation in the Clinic of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation with Stage II through Stage IV PrUs were included in this study...
December 2017: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139081/liraglutide-improves-cardiovascular-risk-as-an-add-on-to-metformin-and-not-to-insulin-secretagogues-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-a-real-life-48-month-retrospective-study
#5
Alessandro Ciresi, Enrica Vigneri, Stefano Radellini, Felicia Pantò, Carla Giordano
INTRODUCTION: Although liraglutide is widely recognized to have glycemic and extra-glycemic effects, few studies have compared these effects in relation to hypoglycemic treatment starting from the diagnosis of diabetes. We evaluated the effectiveness of liraglutide in reducing the Framingham risk score (FRS) and visceral adiposity index (VAI) in relation to first-line hypoglycemic treatment from diagnosis of type 2 diabetes, continued without any changes. METHODS: We selected 105 diabetic outpatients who were treated with liraglutide for at least 48 months as an add-on therapy to metformin alone (group A, n = 52) or insulin secretagogues (group B, n = 53) from diagnosis time...
November 14, 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134348/machine-learning-based-quantitative-texture-analysis-of-ct-images-of-small-renal-masses-differentiation-of-angiomyolipoma-without-visible-fat-from-renal-cell-carcinoma
#6
Zhichao Feng, Pengfei Rong, Peng Cao, Qingyu Zhou, Wenwei Zhu, Zhimin Yan, Qianyun Liu, Wei Wang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of machine-learning based quantitative texture analysis of CT images to differentiate small (≤ 4 cm) angiomyolipoma without visible fat (AMLwvf) from renal cell carcinoma (RCC). METHODS: This single-institutional retrospective study included 58 patients with pathologically proven small renal mass (17 in AMLwvf and 41 in RCC groups). Texture features were extracted from the largest possible tumorous regions of interest (ROIs) by manual segmentation in preoperative three-phase CT images...
November 13, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133403/parochial-trust-and-cooperation-across-17-societies
#7
Angelo Romano, Daniel Balliet, Toshio Yamagishi, James H Liu
International challenges such as climate change, poverty, and intergroup conflict require countries to cooperate to solve these complex problems. However, the political tide in many countries has shifted inward, with skepticism and reluctance to cooperate with other countries. Thus, cross-societal investigations are needed to test theory about trust and cooperation within and between groups. We conducted an experimental study in 17 countries designed to test several theories that explain why, who, and where people trust and cooperate more with ingroup members, compared with outgroup members...
November 13, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133000/effectiveness-of-a-decision-making-protocol-for-the-surgical-treatment-of-lumbar-stenosis-with-grade-1-degenerative-spondylolisthesis
#8
Victor E Staartjes, Marc L Schröder
BACKGROUND: The addition of fusion to decompression for stenosis with Grade I degenerative spondylolisthesis is a controversial topic, and the question remains if fusion provides any real benefit to the patient that warrants the increased healthcare utilization and perioperative morbidity. In addition, there is no consensus on indications for the use of fusion over decompression alone. METHODS: Patients received fusion or decompression according to a decision-making protocol based on their pattern of complaints, the location of the compression, as well as facet angles and effusion as proven predictors of postoperative instability...
November 10, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123996/herbal-combat-against-e-faecalis-an-in-vitro-study
#9
Shipra Jaidka, Rani Somani, Deepti Jawa Singh, Tasneem Sheikh, Nidhi Chaudhary, Asiya Basheer
Background: Herbs have renewed importance in this modern era for their antimicrobial properties and fewer side effects. So a novel idea to use these herbs for pulpectomy; was implemented. There are chances of failure of pulpectomy due to inefficient removal of microbial load. Thus, for a successful endodontic treatment, obturating material with optimum antimicrobial properties is advocated in the present study. Aim: To compare and evaluate the antibacterial efficacy of zinc oxide eugenol, zinc oxide with tulsi extract and zinc oxide with aloe vera as obturating materials against E...
September 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123629/effect-of-low-level-laser-therapy-and-strength-training-protocol-on-hand-grip-by-dynamometry
#10
Rafael Barbosa, Alexandre Marcolino, Vitor Souza, Guilherme Bertolino, Marisa Fonseca, Rinaldo Guirro
Introduction: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) - 660 nm and 904 nm - before grip strength protocol in healthy subjects. Methods: The study included 45 healthy volunteers with an average age of 22.7 (±1.4) years, subdivided into the following groups, control group: grip strength training associated with placebo LLLT; 660 nm group: LLLT (660 nm, 20 J/cm(2), power of 30 mW, and beam area of 0.06 cm(2), continuous, energy 1.2 J, and exposure time 40 seconds per point) before grip strength training and 904 nm group: LLLT (904 nm, 10 J/cm(2), peak power of 70 W and 0...
2017: Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122024/prejudice-is-a-general-evaluation-not-a-specific-emotion
#11
Angela J Bahns
Prejudice, like contempt, is a general evaluation rather than a specific emotion. I explore the idea that emotions and attitudes are conceptually distinct by applying Gervais & Fessler's model to the intergroup context. I argue that prejudice is an affective representation of a social group's relational value (friend or foe) and dispute the idea that there are many distinct prejudices.
January 2017: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122021/warmth-and-competence-as-distinct-dimensions-of-value-in-social-emotions
#12
Mina Cikara
Gervais & Fessler's analysis collapses across two orthogonal dimensions of social value to explain contempt: relational value, predicted by cooperation, and agentic value, predicted by status. These dimensions interact to potentiate specific social emotions and behaviors in intergroup contexts. By neglecting the unique roles of these dimensions - and their associated attributes: warmth and competence - the sentiment framework cedes predictive precision.
January 2017: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122020/from-disgust-to-contempt-speech-the-nature-of-contempt-on-the-map-of-prejudicial-emotions
#13
Michal Bilewicz, Olga Katarzyna Kamińska, Mikołaj Winiewski, Wiktor Soral
Analyzing the contempt as an intergroup emotion, we suggest that contempt and anger are not built upon each other, whereas disgust seems to be the most elementary and specific basic-emotional antecedent of contempt. Concurring with Gervais & Fessler, we suggest that many instances of "hate speech" are in fact instances of "contempt speech" - being based on disgust-driven contempt rather than hate.
January 2017: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121708/factors-associated-with-a-prolonged-length-of-hospital-stay-in-patients-with-diabetic-foot-a-single-center-retrospective-study
#14
Sang Kyu Choi, Cheol Keun Kim, Dong In Jo, Myung Chul Lee, Jee Nam Kim, Hyun Gon Choi, Dong Hyeok Shin, Soon Heum Kim
Background: We conducted this study to identify factors that may prolong the length of the hospital stay (LHS) in patients with diabetic foot (DF) in a single-institution setting. Methods: In this single-center retrospective study, we evaluated a total of 164 patients with DF, and conducted an intergroup comparison of their baseline demographic and clinical characteristics, including sex, age, duration of diabetes, smoking status, body mass index, underlying comorbidities (e...
November 10, 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121374/boomerang-shaped-vs-shield-shaped-chondroperichondrial-cartilage-grafts-for-type-1-tympanoplasty-in-children-a-study-of-121-patients
#15
Can Özbay, Fatih Kemal Soy, Erkan Kulduk, Riza Dundar, Ahmet Yükkaldiran, Osman Kadir Güler, Ertan Koç
Many techniques and graft materials have been used for the reconstruction of the tympanic membrane. We conducted a retrospective study to compare anatomic and functional outcomes of type 1 tympanoplasty that we performed with boomerang-shaped chondroperichondrial cartilage grafts (BSGs) and shield-shaped chondroperichondrial cartilage grafts (SSGs) in pediatric patients. Our study population was made up 121 patients-61 boys and 60 girls, aged 7 to 16 years (mean: 12.4)-who had undergone a type 1 tympanoplasty...
October 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120968/effect-of-pulmonary-rehabilitation-on-inspiratory-capacity-during-6-min-walk-test-in-patients-with-copd-a-prospective-controlled-study
#16
Marc Spielmanns, Tobias Boeselt, Christoph Nell, Jenny Eckhoff, Rembert Andreas Koczulla, Fridericke Sophie Magnet, Jan Hendrik Storre, Wolfram Windisch, Klaus Baum
PURPOSE: Purpose of this study was to analyze the impact of a pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) program on the measured inspiratory capacity (IC) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) while performing a 6-min walk test (6MWT). METHODS: Before and after PR, IC was measured by spirometry both at the beginning and at the end of the 6MWT for 15 patients with COPD in the PR group (PRG) and compared with a similar calisthenics training group (CTG; n = 15)...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116154/bonobos-respond-prosocially-toward-members-of-other-groups
#17
Jingzhi Tan, Dan Ariely, Brian Hare
Modern humans live in an "exploded" network with unusually large circles of trust that form due to prosociality toward unfamiliar people (i.e. xenophilia). In a set of experiments we demonstrate that semi-free ranging bonobos (Pan paniscus) - both juveniles and young adults - also show spontaneous responses consistent with xenophilia. Bonobos voluntarily aided an unfamiliar, non-group member in obtaining food even when he/she did not make overt requests for help. Bonobos also showed evidence for involuntary, contagious yawning in response to videos of yawning conspecifics who were complete strangers...
November 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115977/clinicopathological-predictors-of-recurrence-in-nodular-and-superficial-spreading-cutaneous-melanoma-a-multivariate-analysis-of-214-cases
#18
Maria A Pizzichetta, Daniela Massi, Mario Mandalà, Paola Queirolo, Ignazio Stanganelli, Vincenzo De Giorgi, Giovanni Ghigliotti, Stefano Cavicchini, Pietro Quaglino, Maria T Corradin, Pietro Rubegni, Mauro Alaibac, Stefano Astorino, Fabrizio Ayala, Serena Magi, Laura Mazzoni, Maria Ausilia Manganoni, Renato Talamini, Diego Serraino, Giuseppe Palmieri
BACKGROUND: Nodular melanoma (NM) accounts for most thick melanomas and because of their frequent association with ulceration, fast growth rate and high mitotic rate, contribute substantially to melanoma-related mortality. In a multicentric series of 214 primary melanomas including 96 NM and 118 superficial spreading melanoma (SSM), histopathological features were examined with the aim to identify clinicopathological predictors of recurrence. METHODS: All consecutive cases of histopathologically diagnosed primary invasive SSM and NM during the period 2005-2010, were retrieved from the 12 participating Italian Melanoma Intergroup (IMI) centers...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115675/examining-children-s-implicit-racial-attitudes-using-exemplar-and-category-based-measures
#19
Amanda Williams, Jennifer R Steele
The goal of this research was to examine children's implicit racial attitudes. Across three studies, a total of 359 White 5- to 12-year-olds completed child-friendly exemplar (Affective Priming Task; Affect Misattribution Procedure) and category-based (Implicit Association Test) implicit measures of racial attitudes. Younger children (5- to 8-year-olds) showed automatic ingroup positivity toward White child exemplars, whereas older children (9- to 12-year-olds) did not. Children also showed no evidence of automatic negativity toward Black exemplars, despite demonstrating consistent pro-White versus Black bias on the category-based measure...
November 8, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113984/cardiovascular-complications-over-5-years-and-their-association-with-survival-in-the-gerodiab-cohort-of-elderly-french-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#20
Bernard Bauduceau, Jean-Pierre Le Floch, Serge Halimi, Christiane Verny, Jean Doucet
OBJECTIVE: The GERODIAB study is a multicenter prospective observational study performed over 5 years in French patients aged 70 years or above with type 2 diabetes. This report deals with their cardiovascular complications and their relationship with survival. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Consecutive patients (n = 987, median age = 77 years) were included from 56 diabetes centers over 1 year. Individual characteristics, history and complications of diabetes, geriatric factors, and clinical and biological parameters were recorded...
November 7, 2017: Diabetes Care
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