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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221092/social-and-economic-ideologies-differentially-predict-prejudice-across-the-political-spectrum-but-social-issues-are-most-divisive
#1
Jarret T Crawford, Mark J Brandt, Yoel Inbar, John R Chambers, Matt Motyl
Liberals and conservatives both express prejudice toward ideologically dissimilar others (Brandt et al., 2014). Previous work on ideological prejudice did not take advantage of evidence showing that ideology is multidimensional, with social and economic ideologies representing related but separable belief systems. In 5 studies (total N = 4912), we test 3 competing hypotheses of a multidimensional account of ideological prejudice. The dimension-specific symmetry hypothesis predicts that social and economic ideologies differentially predict prejudice against targets who are perceived to vary on the social and economic political dimensions, respectively...
March 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221054/the-common-good-phenomenon-why-similarities-are-positive-and-differences-are-negative
#2
Hans Alves, Alex Koch, Christian Unkelbach
Positive attributes are more prevalent than negative attributes in the social environment. From this basic assumption, 2 implications that have been overlooked thus far: Positive compared with negative attributes are more likely to be shared by individuals, and people's shared attributes (similarities) are more positive than their unshared attributes (differences). Consequently, similarity-based comparisons should lead to more positive evaluations than difference-based comparisons. We formalized our probabilistic reasoning in a model and tested its predictions in a simulation and 8 experiments (N = 1,181)...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217536/analysis-of-sugars-and-ph-in-commercially-available-soft-drinks-in-saudi-arabia-with-a-brief-review-on-their-dental-implications
#3
Ali Mohamed Idris, Nandimandalam Venkata Vani, Dhafi A Almutari, Mohammed A Jafar, Nezar Boreak
OBJECTIVE: To determine the amount of sugar and pH in commercially available soft drinks in Jazan, Saudi Arabia. This was further compared with their labeled values in order to inform the regulations. The effects of these drinks on teeth is reviewed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten brands of popular soft drinks including 6 regular carbonated drinks and 4 energy drinks were obtained from the local markets. Their pH was determined using a pH meter. The amount of total sugar, glucose, fructose, and sucrose was estimated using high performance liquid chromatography (using Dionex ICS 5000 ion chromatography) at the Saudi Food and Drug Authority...
December 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211936/reduction-of-cyclophosphamide-dose-for-patients-with-subset-2-low-risk-rhabdomyosarcoma-is-associated-with-an-increased-risk-of-recurrence-a-report-from-the-soft-tissue-sarcoma-committee-of-the-children-s-oncology-group
#4
David O Walterhouse, Alberto S Pappo, Jane L Meza, John C Breneman, Andrea Hayes-Jordan, David M Parham, Timothy P Cripe, James R Anderson, William H Meyer, Douglas S Hawkins
BACKGROUND: Failure-free survival (FFS) and overall survival (OS) rates were found to improve on Intergroup Rhabdomyosarcoma Study (IRS) IV (IRS-IV) compared with IRS-III for patients with subset 2 (IRS stage 1, group III nonorbit or stage 3, group I/II) low-risk embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma with the addition of cyclophosphamide (total cumulative cyclophosphamide dose of 26.4 g/m(2) ) to the combination of vincristine and dactinomycin (VAC). The goal of Children's Oncology Group ARST0331 for subset 2 low-risk patients was to reduce the total cumulative cyclophosphamide dose without compromising FFS...
February 17, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210027/klapp-method-effect-on-idiopathic-scoliosis-in-adolescents-blind-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#5
Diego De Sousa Dantas, Sanderson José Costa De Assis, Marina Pegoraro Baroni, Johnnatas Mikael Lopes, Enio Walker Azevedo Cacho, Roberta De Oliveira Cacho, Silvana Alves Pereira
[Purpose] To estimate the effect of Klapp method on idiopathic scoliosis in school students. [Subjects and Methods] A single-blind randomized clinical trial with 22 students randomly divided into intervention group (n=12) and inactive control group (n=10). Exercise protocol consisted of Klapp method, 20 sessions, three times a week for intervention group, and inactivity for control group. Dorsal muscle strength was measured by dynamometer; body asymmetries and gibbosity angles were measured by biophotogrammetry...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208875/erectile-dysfunction-and-low-sex-drive-in-men-with-type-2-dm-the-potential-role-of-diabetic-pharmacotherapy
#6
Hayder M Al-Kuraishy, Ali I Al-Gareeb
INTRODUCTION: Diabetic men with erectile dysfunction have not been widely studied. They have low testosterone levels, causing low sex drive and erectile dysfunction. AIM: To assess the erectile dysfunction and sex drive in relation to testosterone serum levels in type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 64 patients with type 2 DM were enrolled in this cross-sectional study, according to the treatment types they were divided into three groups, group (A): 34 patients treated with metformin, group (B): 30 patients treated with sulfonylurea and group (C): 27 healthy normal non-diabetic men are taken as control...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205117/a-randomized-comparison-between-costoclavicular-and-paracoracoid-ultrasound-guided-infraclavicular-block-for-upper-limb-surgery
#7
Prangmalee Leurcharusmee, Maria Francisca Elgueta, Worakamol Tiyaprasertkul, Thitipan Sotthisopha, Artid Samerchua, Aida Gordon, Julian Aliste, Roderick J Finlayson, De Q H Tran
BACKGROUND: This two-centre randomized trial compared costoclavicular and paracoracoid ultrasound-guided infraclavicular brachial plexus block in patients undergoing upper limb surgery. We hypothesized that both techniques would result in similar onset times and designed the study as an equivalence trial. METHODS: Ninety patients undergoing upper limb surgery at or distal to the elbow were randomly allocated to receive a costoclavicular (n = 45) or paracoracoid (n = 45) ultrasound-guided infraclavicular brachial plexus block...
February 15, 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203569/comparison-of-activator-headgear-and-twin-block-treatment-approaches-in-class-ii-division-1-malocclusion
#8
Stjepan Spalj, Kate Mroz Tranesen, Kari Birkeland, Visnja Katic, Andrej Pavlic, Vaska Vandevska-Radunovic
The purpose was to compare the treatment effects of functional appliances activator-headgear (AH) and Twin Block (TB) on skeletal, dental, and soft-tissue structures in class II division 1 malocclusion with normal growth changes in untreated subjects. The sample included 50 subjects (56% females) aged 8-13 years with class II division 1 malocclusion treated with either AH (n = 25) or TB (n = 25) appliances. Pre- and posttreatment lateral cephalograms were evaluated and compared to 50 untreated class II division 1 cases matched by age, gender, ANB angle, and skeletal maturity...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202151/when-contact-counts-intergroup-contact-on-business-and-intermarriage-resistance-in-the-caucasus-region
#9
Benjamin T Gurrentz, Roger Finke
Intergroup contact theory has been empirically supported in a variety of social contexts, but few samples have been drawn from rapidly developing nations undergoing severe political and sociocultural conflict. Using 2012 Caucasus Barometer data from the three nations of the South Caucasus - Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia - we test the effect of interreligious contact on various forms of out-group resistance in a region of the world that is both historically and presently marked with severe religious and ethnic conflict...
March 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199039/radiomics-assessment-of-bladder-cancer-grade-using-texture-features-from-diffusion-weighted-imaging
#10
Xi Zhang, Xiaopan Xu, Qiang Tian, Baojuan Li, Yuxia Wu, Zengyue Yang, Zhengrong Liang, Yang Liu, Guangbin Cui, Hongbing Lu
PURPOSE: To 1) describe textural features from diffusion-weighted images (DWI) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps that can distinguish low-grade bladder cancer from high-grade, and 2) propose a radiomics-based strategy for cancer grading using texture features. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In all, 61 patients with bladder cancer (29 in high- and 32 in low-grade groups) were enrolled in this retrospective study. Histogram- and gray-level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM)-based radiomics features were extracted from cancerous volumes of interest (VOIs) on DWI and corresponding ADC maps of each patient acquired from 3...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198510/letter-partial-diallel-crosses-for-predicting-yield-of-semiexotic-maize-populations
#11
C M Silva, J B Miranda Filho, U C Mendes, E F Reis
In Brazil, the total production of maize has increased continuously due to the advances in technology but also to the new frontiers for the maize crop, including the expansion of the second crop (safrinha; usually maize after soybean). Therefore, the exploitation of new sources of germplasm seems to be imperative to attend the actual and future demands for modern cultivars adapted to the greatly variable environments available to the maize crop. The present study was based on a partial diallel (intergroup) cross to provide quantitative information on the potential of two groups of varieties (NAP - exotics and HG - local) and their combining abilities to direct the synthesis of new populations to be used in hybrid crosses or as a base for breeding programs...
February 8, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196207/correlation-of-long-term-results-of-imatinib-in-advanced-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumors-with-next-generation-sequencing-results-analysis-of-phase-3-swog-intergroup-trial-s0033
#12
Michael Heinrich, Cathryn Rankin, Charles D Blanke, George D Demetri, Ernest C Borden, Christopher W Ryan, Margaret von Mehren, Martin E Blackstein, Dennis A Priebat, William D Tap, Robert G Maki, Christopher L Corless, Jonathan A Fletcher, Kouros Owzar, John J Crowley, Robert S Benjamin, Laurence H Baker
Importance: After identification of activating mutations of the KIT gene in gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST)-the most common sarcomaof the gastrointestinal tract-a phase 2 study demonstrated efficacy of imatinib mesylate in patients with metastatic GIST harboring a KIT exon 11 mutation. Initial results of long-term follow-up have found a survival benefit in this subgroup of patients. Obective: To assess the long-term survival of patients with GIST who were treated in SWOG study S0033 and to present new molecular data regarding treatment outcomes...
February 9, 2017: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195932/contrast-agent-induced-high-signal-intensity-in-dentate-nucleus-on-unenhanced-t1-weighted-images-comparison-of-gadodiamide-and-gadoxetic-acid
#13
Shintaro Ichikawa, Utaroh Motosugi, Yoshie Omiya, Hiroshi Onishi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether an association exists between T1-signal increase in the dentate nucleus (DN) on unenhanced magnetic resonance imaging and previous administration of gadoxetic acid and gadodiamide. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study was approved by the institutional review board; the requirement for informed patient consent was waived. A total of 132 patients (male-female ratio, 86:46; mean age, 68.8 ± 11.6 years) who underwent imaging between December 2000 and April 2016 were divided into 4 groups: patients with 5 or more administrations of gadoxetic acid ("gadoxetic acid ≥5 administrations" group), only 1 administration of gadoxetic acid ("gadoxetic acid 1 administration" group), no gadolinium-based contrast agent (GBCA) administration or chronic liver disease (CLD; "no GBCA administration and no CLD" group), and 5 or more administrations of gadodiamide ("gadodiamide ≥5 administrations" group)...
February 11, 2017: Investigative Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28189123/impact-of-various-progestins-with-or-without-transdermal-testosterone-on-gonadotropin-levels-for-non-invasive-hormonal-male-contraception-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
M Zitzmann, J Rohayem, J Raidt, S Kliesch, N Kumar, R Sitruk-Ware, E Nieschlag
Although several progestins have been tested for hormonal male contraception, the effects of dosage and nature of various progestins on gonadotropin suppression combined with and without additional testosterone has not been performed in a comparative trial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the differential impact of four oral or transdermal progestins on the suppression of gonadotropins in healthy men: oral: cyproterone acetate (CPA), levonorgestrel (LNG), norethisterone acetate (NETA), and transdermal: Nestorone(®) (NES), all in combination with transdermal testosterone (T)...
February 11, 2017: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188362/comparing-renal-function-preservation-after-laparoscopic-radio-frequency-ablation-assisted-tumor-enucleation-and-laparoscopic-partial-nephrectomy-for-clinical-t1a-renal-tumor-using-a-3d-parenchyma-measurement-system
#15
Liangsong Zhu, Guangyu Wu, Jiwei Huang, Jianfeng Wang, Ruiyun Zhang, Wen Kong, Wei Xue, Yiran Huang, Yonghui Chen, Jin Zhang
PURPOSE: To compare the renal function preservation between laparoscopic radio frequency ablation assisted tumor enucleation and laparoscopic partial nephrectomy. METHODS: Data were analyzed from 246 patients who underwent laparoscopic radio frequency ablation assisted tumor enucleation and laparoscopic partial nephrectomy for solitary cT1a renal cell carcinoma from January 2013 to July 2015. To reduce the intergroup difference, we used a 1:1 propensity matching analysis...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185726/comparison-of-transportal-and-outside-in-techniques-for-posterolateral-femoral-tunnel-drilling-in-double-bundle-acl-reconstruction-three-dimensional-ct-analysis-of-bone-tunnel-geometry
#16
Shunichiro Kambara, Hiroshi Nakayama, Motoi Yamaguchi, Akio Matsumoto, Ken Sasaki, Kaori Kashiwa, Tomoya Iseki, Shinichi Yoshiya
PURPOSE: To comparatively analyze the geometry of the posterolateral femoral (PL) tunnel in double-bundle ACL reconstruction between far anteromedial transportal (TP) and outside-in (OI) drilling techniques based on three-dimensional computed tomography (3DCT) image analysis. METHODS: Forty patients who underwent anatomic double-bundle hamstring ACL reconstruction using the TP (n: 20) or OI (n: 20) method with postoperative CT data available were included in the study...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184269/the-effect-of-ketorolac-and-dexamethasone-on-the-incidence-of-sore-throat-in-women-after-thyroidectomy-a-prospective-double-blinded-randomized-trial
#17
Chunwoo Yang, Sung Mee Jung, Yu Kyung Bae, Sang-Jin Park
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the effect of two drugs with anti-inflammatory action, dexamethasone and ketorolac, on reduction of postoperative sore throat (POST) after general anesthesia with endotracheal intubation in patients undergoing thyroidectomy. METHODS: One hundred and ninety-two female patients scheduled to undergo general anesthesia with endotracheal intubation for thyroidectomy were enrolled in this prospective study. Participants were randomly allocated to receive intravenous medication; placebo (Group C, n = 45), ketorolac 30 mg immediately before intubation (Group Kpre, n = 47), ketorolac 30 mg at the end of surgery (Group Kpost, n = 45) and dexamethasone 10 mg (Group D, n = 43)...
February 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184149/can-caring-create-prejudice-an-investigation-of-positive-and-negative-intergenerational-contact-in-care-settings-and-the-generalisation-of-blatant-and-subtle-age-prejudice-to-other-older-people
#18
Lisbeth Drury, Dominic Abrams, Hannah J Swift, Ruth A Lamont, Katarina Gerocova
Caring is a positive social act, but can it result in negative attitudes towards those cared for, and towards others from their wider social group? Based on intergroup contact theory, we tested whether care workers' (CWs) positive and negative contact with old-age care home residents (CHRs) predicts prejudiced attitudes towards that group, and whether this generalises to other older people. Fifty-six CWs were surveyed about their positive and negative contact with CHRs and their blatant and subtle attitudes (humanness attributions) towards CHRs and older adults...
January 2017: Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182133/he4-serum-levels-in-patients-with-brca1-gene-mutation-undergoing-prophylactic-surgery-as-well-as-in-other-benign-and-malignant-gynecological-diseases
#19
Anita Chudecka-Głaz, Aneta Cymbaluk-Płoska, Aleksandra Strojna, Janusz Menkiszak
Objective. We assess the behavior of serum concentrations of HE4 marker in female carriers of BRCA1 and assess the diagnostic usefulness of HE4 in ovarian and endometrial cancer. Methods. A total of 619 women with BRCA1 gene mutation, ovarian, endometrial, metastatic, other gynecological cancers, or benign gynecological diseases were included. Intergroup comparative analyses were carried out, the BRCA1 gene carriers subgroup was subjected to detailed analysis, and ROC curves were determined for the assessment of diagnostic usefulness of HE4 in ovarian and endometrial cancer...
2017: Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179091/rectal-cancer-french-intergroup-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-diagnosis-treatments-and-follow-up-snfge-ffcd-gercor-unicancer-sfcd-sfed-sfro
#20
Jean-Pierre Gérard, Thierry André, Frédéric Bibeau, Thierry Conroy, Jean-Louis Legoux, Guillaume Portier, Jean-François Bosset, Guillaume Cadiot, Olivier Bouché, Laurent Bedenne
INTRODUCTION: This document is a summary of the French Intergroup guidelines regarding the management of rectal adenocarcinoma published in February 2016. METHOD: This collaborative work, under the auspices of most of the French medical societies involved in the management of rectal cancer, is based on the previous guidelines published in 2013. Recommendations are graded into 3 categories according to the level of evidence of data found in the literature. RESULTS: In agreement with the ESMO guidelines (2013), non-metastatic rectal cancers have been stratified in 4 risk groups according to endoscopy, MRI or endorectal-ultrasonography...
January 20, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
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