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Cervical plexus block

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651520/surgical-anesthesia-with-a-combination-of-t12-paravertebral-block-and-lumbar-plexus-sacral-plexus-block-for-hip-replacement-in-ankylosing-spondylitis-care-compliant-4-case-reports
#1
Xijian Ke, Ji Li, Yong Liu, Xi Wu, Wei Mei
BACKGROUND: Anesthesia management for patients with severe ankylosing spondylitis scheduled for total hip arthroplasty is challenging due to a potential difficult airway and difficult neuraxial block. We report 4 cases with ankylosing spondylitis successfully managed with a combination of lumbar plexus, sacral plexus and T12 paravertebral block. CASE PRESENTATION: Four patients were scheduled for total hip arthroplasty. All of them were diagnosed as severe ankylosing spondylitis with rigidity and immobilization of cervical and lumbar spine and hip joints...
June 26, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639240/approach-to-thyroid-carcinoma-in-pregnancy
#2
Cristina Modesti, Paola Aceto, Lucia Masini, Celestino Pio Lombardi, Rocco Bellantone, Liliana Sollazzi
Thyroid carcinoma is the first cancer found in general population and the second diagnosed during pregnancy following the breast one. Diagnostic and therapeutic approaches to thyroid malignancy in pregnant women pose several and serious issues to the physicians. Even if there is no consensus about the surgical treatment of thyroid carcinomas during pregnancy, a large number of women undergo surgery over the world. The best surgical and anesthesiological treatment should be chosen after reaching a consensus between surgeons, anesthesiologists, obstetrics, and the patients...
June 2017: Updates in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584353/lactate-pyruvate-monitoring-during-carotid-endarterectomy-under-general-anaesthesia-versus-cervical-plexus-block-a-randomised-controlled-study
#3
Gomaa Z Hussien, Ahmed M Elbadawy, Hossam A Elshamaa
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) reduces the risk of stroke in patients with significant carotid stenosis and may be performed under general anaesthesia (GA) or regional anaesthesia (RA). This study aimed to compare RA and GA with regard the jugular venous bulb blood lactate and pyruvate levels. METHODS: This randomised-controlled trial was done between October-2013 and September-2015. Thirty-six patients were randomised into either GA or RA groups, with six excluded after randomisation...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520565/use-of-a-tilting-orthopedic-fracture-table-to-facilitate-proper-patient-positioning-during-intrathecal-neurolysis-with-hyperbaric-phenol-a-case-report
#4
Nathaniel H Loo, Gerald Matchett
We describe the case of a 41-year-old woman with metastatic cervical cancer and a large mass eroding into the pelvis and left lumbosacral plexus. The patient had intractable left lower extremity pain refractory to standard therapies, and she elected to undergo intrathecal neurolysis. A diagnostic intrathecal block was performed at the T11-12 interspace followed by intrathecal neurolysis with 6% phenol in glycerin on a subsequent date. During both procedures, we used a tilting radiolucent orthopedic fracture table to maintain strict left lateral-supine positioning...
May 17, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422349/effects-of-extrinsic-cardiac-nerve-stimulation-on-atrial-fibrillation-inducibility-the-regulatory-role-of-the-spinal-cord
#5
Zixuan Dai, Congxin Huang, Qingyan Zhao, Shujuan Zhang, Hongyi Zhao, Youjing Zhang, Yongsheng Qian, Yanhong Tang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of the mutual regulation of the extrinsic cardiac nerves on atrial electrophysiology and atrial fibrillation (AF) vulnerability. METHODS AND RESULTS: Fourteen dogs were randomly divided into two groups: spinal cord stimulation (SCS) group (n = 7) and spinal cord block (SCB) group (n = 7). SCS was performed with 90% of the threshold voltage stimulating the T1 -T2 spinal level, while SCB was performed by injecting 2% lidocaine into the epidural space at the T2-3 level...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326321/ultrasound-guided-versus-fluoroscopy-guided-deep-cervical-plexus-block-for-the-treatment-of-cervicogenic-headache
#6
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Qing Wan, Haiyun Yang, Xiao Li, Caina Lin, Songjian Ke, Shaoling Wu, Chao Ma
Objective. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of ultrasound-guided deep cervical plexus block with fluoroscopy-guided deep cervical plexus block for patients with cervicogenic headache (CeH). Methods. A total of 56 patients with CeH were recruited and randomly assigned to either the ultrasound-guided (US) or the fluoroscopy-guided (FL) injection group. A mixture of 2-4 mL 1% lidocaine and 7 mg betamethasone was injected along C2 and/or C3 transverse process. The measurement of pain was evaluated by patients' ratings of a 10-point numerical pain scale (NPS) before and 2 wks, 12 wks, and 24 wks after treatments...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306578/selective-low-volume-nerve-block-for-the-open-surgical-fixation-of-a-midshaft-clavicle-fracture-in-a-conscious-high-risk-patient-a-case-report
#7
Carlos I Salvadores de Arzuaga, José M Naya Sieiro, Oscar Salmeron Zafra, Miguel A González Posada, Esther Marquez Martínez
We report a case of successful intraoperative management using only low-volume regional anesthesia for the open surgical fixation of a traumatic clavicle fracture in a conscious 69-year-old man with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. To avoid general anesthesia, we provided low-volume C5 and C6 nerve root blocks along with a superficial cervical plexus block using only 9 mL of anesthetic solution to avoid the often encountered complications of higher volume injections. Throughout the procedure, the patient remained comfortable and cooperative with stable hemodynamics and respiration...
June 1, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255253/a-case-report-of-complex-auricular-neuralgia-treated-with-the-great-auricular-nerve-and-facet-blocks
#8
Marzieh Eghtesadi, Elizabeth Leroux, Grisell Vargas-Schaffer
BACKGROUND: The great auricular nerve is a cutaneous branch of the cervical plexus originating from the C2 and C3 spinal nerves. It innervates the skin over the external ear, the angle of the mandible and the parotid gland. It communicates with the ansa cervicalis. Great auricular neuralgia is rarely diagnosed in clinical practice and can be refractory. We present a new approach using ultrasound-guided nerve blocks. CASE: We present a case of a 41-year-old female with paroxysmal ear pain accompanied by dysautonomia, tingling in the tongue, dysphagia, dysarthria and abdominal symptoms...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207536/cervical-plexus-anesthesia-versus-general-anesthesia-for-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-surgery-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Hui Wang, Lei Ma, Dalong Yang, Tao Wang, Qian Wang, Lijun Zhang, Wenyuan Ding
Both general anesthesia (GA) and cervical plexus anesthesia (CPA) can be used for anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of anesthetic techniques on perioperative mortality and morbidity in patients undergoing cervical surgery.From January 2008 to December 2015, 356 patients who underwent 1-level ACDF for cervical spinal myelopathy were prospectively reviewed. They were assigned to receive GA (group A) and CPA (group B). The analgesic efficacy of the block was assessed by anesthesia preparation time, the maximum heart rate, and mean arterial blood pressure changes compared with the baseline, time of postoperative revival, and duration of recovery stay...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099243/supraclavicular-brachial-plexus-block-in-the-presence-of-a-cervical-rib
#10
Monica Liu, Philip Peng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018501/regional-anesthesia-with-dexmedetomidine-infusion-a-feasible-method-for-the-awake-test-during-carotid-endarterectomy
#11
Jonggeun Lee, Up Huh, Seunghwan Song, Sung Woon Chung, Sang Min Sung, Han Jin Cho
Background: Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is the standard treatment modality for the prevention of stroke in patients with carotid stenosis. This study reports our experiences during CEA with routine awake tests under regional anesthesia (RA) combined with light sedation by dexmedetomidine infusion. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 23 patients who had undergone CEA between April 2013 and June 2015. All patients underwent the awake test during CEA with cervical plexus block and light sedation by continuous dexmedetomidine infusion...
2016: Annals of Vascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000305/parotidectomy-under-sedation-and-locoregional-anesthesia-with-monitoring-of-brain-activity
#12
Marco Antonio Scirea Tesseroli, Fabricio Battistela Zasso, Humberto Hepp, Antonio Vitor Martins Priante, André Luiz Loureiro de Mattos Filho, Alvaro Sanabria
BACKGROUND: Parotidectomy is usually performed while the patient is under general anesthesia, however, sedation with locoregional anesthesia could be an alternative. METHODS: Fifteen adult patients with parotid tumors of the superficial lobe were included in this study. Anesthetic procedure consisted of sedation associated with cervical plexus and auriculotemporal nerve block. Sedation was managed based on the bispectral index. RESULTS: Superficial parotidectomies were performed in 13 patients, and combined partial resections were performed in 2 patients...
April 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829018/paravertebral-block-plus-thoracic-wall-block-versus-paravertebral-block-alone-for-analgesia-of-modified-radical-mastectomy-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#13
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Nai-Liang Li, Ben-Long Yu, Chen-Fang Hung
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Paravertebral block placement was the main anesthetic technique for modified radical mastectomy in our hospital until February 2014, when its combination with blocks targeting the pectoral musculature was initiated. We compared the analgesic effects of paravertebral blocks with or without blocks targeting the pectoral musculature for modified radical mastectomy. METHODS: We retrospectively collected data from a single surgeon and anesthesiologist from June 1, 2012, to May 31, 2015...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813034/-horner-syndrome-following-combined-spinal-epidural-anesthesia
#14
Ömer Karaca, Sezen Kumaş Solak, Serdar Demirgan, Mehmet Bademci
Horner syndrome is rarely observed in connection with epidural anesthesia. It is characterized by ptosis, enophthalmos, miosis, anisocoria, and conjunctival hyperemia in the affected eye, as well as anhydrosis and flushing on the affected side of the face. It is usually a complication spontaneously resolved without permanent neurological deficits. Intraoral anesthesia; stellate ganglion, cervical or brachial plexus blocks; thoracic, lumbar or caudal epidural anesthesia, and intrapleural analgesia are the main causes for Horner syndrome related to anesthesia...
July 2016: Aǧrı: Ağrı (Algoloji) Derneği'nin Yayın Organıdır, the Journal of the Turkish Society of Algology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797095/anaesthesia-for-carotid-endarterectomy-ultrasound-guided-superficial-intermediate-cervical-plexus-block-combined-with-carotid-sheath-infiltration
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Paweł Mądro, Alina Dąbrowska, Jarosław Jarecki, Piotr Garba
BACKGROUND: Carotid endarterectomy carries a significant risk of intraoperative brain ischaemia. Various methods for intraoperative cerebral function monitoring can be utilized, but the assessment of the patient's consciousness remains the easiest and most available method, requiring that the patient remain awake and under local/regional anaesthesia. The aim of this study was to compare infiltration anaesthesia with an ultrasound-guided superficial/combined cervical plexus block for patient safety and comfort...
2016: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788289/brachial-plexus-in-the-pampas-fox-lycalopex-gymnocercus-a-descriptive-and-comparative-analysis
#16
Paulo de Souza Junior, Natan da Cruz de Carvalho, Karine de Mattos, Marcelo Abidu Figueiredo, André Luiz Quagliatto Santos
Twenty thoracic limbs of ten Lycalopex gymnocercus were dissected to describe origin and distribution of the nerves forming brachial plexuses. The brachial plexus resulted from the connections between the ventral branches of the last three cervical nerves (C6, C7, and C8) and first thoracic nerve (T1). These branches connected the suprascapular, subscapular, axillary, musculocutaneous, radial, median and ulnar nerves to the intrinsic musculature and connected the brachiocephalic, thoracodorsal, lateral thoracic, long thoracic, cranial pectoral and caudal pectoral nerves to the extrinsic musculature...
March 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742968/ultrasound-guided-intermediate-cervical-plexus-block-and-perivascular-local-anesthetic-infiltration-for-carotid-endarterectomy-a%C3%A2-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
R Seidel, K Zukowski, A Wree, M Schulze
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Ultrasound-guided blocks of the cervical plexus are established anesthetic procedures for carotid endarterectomy. This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study tested the hypothesis that an additional ultrasound-guided periarterial injection of local anesthetic leads to a lower frequency of periarterial supplementation by the surgeon. METHODS: A total of 40 patients were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 groups. In both groups an ultrasound-guided intermediate cervical plexus block (20 ml of 0...
December 2016: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566812/pain-management-in-patients-with-vascular-disease
#18
M Seretny, L A Colvin
Vascular disease covers a wide range of conditions, including arterial, venous, and lymphatic disorders, with many of these being more common in the elderly. As the population ages, the incidence of vascular disease will increase, with a consequent increase in the requirement to manage both acute and chronic pain in this patient population. Pain management can be complex, as there are often multiple co-morbidities to be considered. An understanding of the underlying pain mechanisms is helpful in the logical direction of treatment, particularly in chronic pain states, such as phantom limb pain or complex regional pain syndrome...
September 2016: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563598/the-use-of-superficial-cervical-plexus-block-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgical-practice-as-an-alternative-to-general-anesthesia-in-selective-cases
#19
R Kamal Kanthan
AIM: (1) To assess the feasibility, safety, and effectiveness of superficial cervical plexus (SCP) block in oral and maxillofacial surgical (OMFS) practice as an alternative to general anesthesia in selective cases. (2) To assess any associated complication specifically related to the procedure. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The total number of patients was 10, out of which 6 were male and 4 were female patients. Six patients had incision and drainage of perimandibular space infections, two patients had Level Ib cervical lymph node biopsies, one patient had enucleation of cyst in the body of mandible, one patient had open reduction and internal fixation isolated angle fracture...
January 2016: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27550949/an-evidence-based-review-of-the-efficacy-of-perioperative-analgesic-techniques-for-breast-cancer-related-surgery
#20
Gloria S Cheng, Brian M Ilfeld
OBJECTIVE: To review the published evidence regarding perioperative analgesic techniques for breast cancer-related surgery. DESIGN: Topical review. METHODS: Randomized, controlled trials (RCTs) were selected for inclusion in the review. Also included were large prospective series providing estimates of potential risks and technical reports and small case series demonstrating a new technique or approaches of interest to clinicians. RESULTS: A total of 514 abstracts were reviewed, with 284 studies meeting criteria for full review...
August 22, 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
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