keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Face transplant

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684247/tr1-cell-immunotherapy-promotes-transplant-tolerance-via-de-novo-tr1-cell-induction-in-mice-and-is-safe-and-effective-during-acute-viral-infection
#1
Tatiana Jofra, Roberta Di Fonte, Giuseppe Galvani, Mirela Kuka, Matteo Iannacone, Manuela Battaglia, Georgia Fousteri
Tr1 cell therapy is considered an emerging approach to improve transplant tolerance and enhance allogeneic graft survival. However, it remains unclear how Tr1 cells promote transplant tolerance and whether they will be safe and stable in the face of an acute viral infection. By employing a mouse model of pancreatic islet transplantation, we report that Tr1 cell therapy promoted transplant tolerance via de novo induction of Tr1 cells in the recipients. Acute viral infection with lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) had no impact on Tr1 cell number and function, neither on the Tr1 cells infused nor on the ones induced, and that was reflected in the robust maintenance of the graft...
April 23, 2018: European Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681947/synergistic-integration-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-and-hydrostatic-pressure-in-the-expansion-and-maintenance-of-human-hematopoietic-progenitor-cells
#2
Yun Gyeong Kang, Jee-Yeong Jeong, Tae-Hee Lee, Ho Sup Lee, Jung-Woog Shin
Ex vivo expansion of hematopoietic stem/progenitor cell (HSPC) has been investigated to improve the clinical outcome of HSPC transplantation. However, ex vivo expansion of HSPCs still faces a major obstacle in that HPSCs tend to differentiate when proliferating. Here, we cocultured HSPCs with mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and divided the HSPCs into two fractions according to whether they came into adherent to MSCs or not. Additionally, we used hydrostatic pressure (HP) to mimic the physical conditions in vivo ...
2018: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671724/facial-disfigurement-and-identity-a-review-of-the-literature-and-implications-for-facial-transplantation
#3
William J Rifkin, Rami S Kantar, Safi Ali-Khan, Natalie M Plana, J Rodrigo Diaz-Siso, Manos Tsakiris, Eduardo D Rodriguez
Facial disfigurement can significantly affect personal identity and access to social roles. Although conventional reconstruction can have positive effects with respect to identity, these procedures are often inadequate for more severe facial defects. In these cases, facial transplantation (FT) offers patients a viable reconstructive option. However, FT's effect on personal identity has been less well examined, and ethical questions remain regarding the psychosocial ramifications of the procedure. This article reviews the literature on the different roles of the face as well as psychological and social effects of facial disfigurement...
April 1, 2018: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671081/type-2-diabetes-mellitus-the-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-components-in-adult-survivors-of-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-and-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantations
#4
REVIEW
Bella Bielorai, Orit Pinhas-Hamiel
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: A growing number of pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) survivors reach adulthood and face long-term health-related problems. We review risk factors and the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome (MetS), a cluster of obesity-related comorbidities, including abdominal obesity, atherogenic dyslipidemia, elevated blood pressure, impaired glucose metabolism, and type 2 diabetes in ALL and HSCT survivors. RECENT FINDINGS: Components of the MetS are already detected during the first year of ALL maintenance therapy and significantly worsen over time...
April 18, 2018: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668505/comparison-of-functional-results-after-cross-face-nerve-graft-spinal-accessory-nerve-and-masseter-nerve-innervated-gracilis-for-facial-paralysis-reconstruction-the-chang-gung-experience
#5
David Chwei-Chin Chuang, Johnny Chuieng-Yi Lu, Tommy Nai-Jen Chang, Vincent G Laurence
BACKGROUND: Using functioning free muscle transplantation (FFMT) for facial paralysis and postparalysis facial synkinesis reconstruction is our preferred technique. Gracilis was the first choice of muscle. Three motor neurotizers: cross-face nerve graft (CFNG), spinal accessory nerve (XI) and masseter nerve (V3) have been used as neurotizers for different indications. METHODS: A total of 362 cases of facial reanimation with FFMT were performed between 1986 and 2015...
April 17, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668027/heart-transplant-in-children-what-a-primary-care-provider-needs-to-know
#6
Swati Sehgal, Emily Shea, Lauren Kelm, Deepak Kamat
Heart transplantation is offered to children with heart failure that is not amenable to medical or surgical therapy. Indications for heart transplant include unrepairable congenital heart disease, failed palliation of congenital heart disease, and cardiomyopathies. There has been tremendous progress in this field since the first heart transplant was performed in 1967. Each year, approximately 500 pediatric heart transplants take place worldwide. Pediatric heart transplant survivors are living longer with their initial transplant...
April 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664513/vitiligo-type-cutaneous-manifestation-of-chronic-graft-versus-host-disease-case-report
#7
Karla Gálvez, Paula Muñoz, Valentina Vera, Claudio Arce
INTRODUCTION: Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is caused by a pathologic and destructive response of the organism as a result of the interaction between donor immunocompetent T lymphocytes and the recipient tisular antigens. It's considered the most serious complication of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, most frequently described after bone marrow transplantation (BMT). The skin is usually the first and most commonly affected organ, in both acute and chronic, with a variable clinical spectrum of presentation...
February 2018: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661473/silk-fibroin-preserves-beta-cell-function-under-inflammatory-stress-while-stimulating-islet-cell-surface-glut2-expression
#8
N Ashari, H W Pang, T Simon, Y Xiong, J M Coburn, J S Bromberg, D L Kaplan, J McLenithan, M J Fontaine
Silk fibroin is a novel biomaterial for enhancing transplanted islet cell function and survival. This study investigated whether silk fibroin may have unique properties that improve islet function in the face of inflammatory-mediated stress during transplantation. Murine islet function was tested in vitro with either silk fibroin or alginate and challenged with inflammatory cytokines. The glucose-stimulated insulin secretion index for all conditions decreased with inflammatory cytokines, but was better preserved for islets exposed to silk compared to those exposed to alginate or medium...
April 9, 2018: Cellular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661288/hepatocyte-transplantation-past-efforts-current-technology-and-future-expansion-of-therapeutic-potential
#9
REVIEW
Tiffany N Anderson, Ali Zarrinpar
Hepatic cell transplantation (HCT) continues to garner interest as an alternative to orthotopic liver transplantation and the attendant donor shortage. When compared with solid organ transplantation, advantages of cell transplantation include the potential to treat more patients with a considerably less invasive procedure, the ability to utilize organs otherwise unsuitable for transplant, and leaving the native organ in situ with the potential for regeneration. While studies date back to the early 1960s, advancement of clinical application has been slow due in part to limitations of suitable tissue supplies and reproducible robust techniques...
June 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659047/the-changing-face-of-adult-posttransplant-lymphoproliferative-disorder-changes-in-histology-between-1999-2013
#10
Donald E Tsai, Stephen Bagley, Ran Reshef, Abraham Shaked, Roy D Bloom, Vivek Ahya, Lee Goldberg, Albert Chung, Fotini Debonera, Stephen J Schuster, Scott F Huntington
Posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder (PTLD) typically presents with either polymorphic or monomorphic histology. While both are the end result of immunosuppressive therapies, their origins are felt to be different with different prognoses and responsiveness to therapy, resulting in two different malignancies. We attempted to confirm reports suggesting that the relative frequency of these two histologies is shifting over time. We analyzed 3040 adult PTLD cases in the UNOS OPTN database from 1999 to 2013...
April 16, 2018: American Journal of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658460/-neuroprotective-effects-of-oligodendrocyte-precursor-cells-on-white-matter-damage-in-preterm-infants
#11
Yan Yue, Li Zhang, Yi Qu, De-Zhi Mu
White matter damage, characterized by demyelination due to the damage of oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPCs), is the most common type of brain damage in preterm infants. Survivors are often subject to long-term neurodevelopmental sequelae because of the lack of effective treatment. In recent years, it has been found that cell transplantation has the potential for the treatment of white matter damage. OPCs are frequently used cells in cell transplantation therapy. With abilities of migration and myelinization, OPCs are the best seed cells for the treatment of white matter damage...
April 2018: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655988/tissue-engineering-still-facing-a-long-way-ahead
#12
REVIEW
Parichehr Hassanzadeh, Fatemeh Atyabi, Rassoul Dinarvand
Tissue engineering (TE) has provided promising perspectives to overcome the limited efficiency of the conventional treatment options or organ transplantation. Considerable advances in stem cell therapies and biomaterials science and development of delivery systems capable to mimic the production of growth factors may offer treatment breakthroughs in a variety of diseases. Meanwhile, proper vascularization, creation of the complex tissues, tissue quality, functional integration between the graft and host tissues, and the potential risks of chromosomal instability, mutations, tumorigenesis, or unexpected events have remained challenging...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652549/prolonged-granulocyte-colony-stimulating-factor-use-in-glycogen-storage-disease-type-1b-associated-with-acute-myeloid-leukemia-and-with-shortened-telomere-length
#13
Amanda M Li, Santhosh Thyagu, Dawn Maze, Richard Schreiber, Sandra Sirrs, Sylvia Stockler-Ipsiroglu, Heather Sutherland, Suzanne Vercauteren, Kirk R Schultz
Glycogen storage disease (GSD) type 1 is a rare autosomal recessive inherited condition. The 1b subtype comprises the minority of cases, with an estimated prevalence of 1 in 500,000 children. Patients with glycogen storage disease type 1b are often treated with granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) for prolonged periods to improve symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and in the face of severe neutropenia to decrease risk of infection. Long-term G-CSF treatment may result in an increased risk of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) or acute myeloid leukemia (AML) possibly due to increased marrow stress resulting in telomere shortening...
April 13, 2018: Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652096/rapid-reconstitution-of-cmv-specific-t-cells-after-stem-cell-transplantation
#14
Thomas Widmann, Urban Sester, Tina Schmidt, Barbara C Gärtner, Jörg Schubert, Michael Pfreundschuh, Martina Sester
OBJECTIVE: As reconstitution of virus-specific T-cells is critical to control CMV-viremia following stem-cell transplantation (SCT) we characterized the dynamics in CMV-specific T-cell reconstitution after SCT. METHODS: CMV-specific T-cells from 51 SCT-recipients were prospectively quantified and phenotypically characterised by intracellular cytokine-staining after specific stimulation and HLA class-I specific pentamers using flow-cytometry. RESULTS: CMV-specific CD4 T-cells reconstituted after a median of 2...
April 13, 2018: European Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643233/hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-in-its-60s-a-platform-for-cellular-therapies
#15
REVIEW
Christian Chabannon, Jurgen Kuball, Attilio Bondanza, Francesco Dazzi, Paolo Pedrazzoli, Antoine Toubert, Annalisa Ruggeri, Katharina Fleischhauer, Chiara Bonini
Over the last 60 years, more than a million patients received hematopoietic cell transplantation. Having incorporated multiple changes in clinical practices, it remains a complex procedure facing a dual challenge: cure of the underlying disease and prevention of relapse while controlling potentially severe complications. Improved understanding of underlying biological processes resulted in the design of innovative therapies engineered from defined cell populations and testing of these therapies as addition or substitution at virtually every step of the procedure...
April 11, 2018: Science Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627026/ganciclovir-and-foscarnet-dual-therapy-for-cytomegalovirus-encephalitis-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
REVIEW
Adam Baghban, Maricar Malinis
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a ubiquitous herpesvirus which establishes lifelong latency following primary infection. It is then capable of reactivating in the face of immunosuppression. Encephalitis is a less common, but particularly devastating syndrome associated with CMV. Here, we describe a case of CMV encephalitis in an allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipient who received dual antiviral therapy with ganciclovir and foscarnet. The case presentation is followed by a summary of cases reported in the last ten years, with the goal of describing vulnerable patient populations, treatment courses, and outcomes...
May 15, 2018: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624126/health-related-quality-of-life-and-personal-life-goals-of-adults-with-sickle-cell-disease-after-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#17
Agatha M Gallo, Crystal Patil, Tokunbo Adeniyi, Lewis L Hsu, Damiano Rondelli, Santosh Saraf
Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) from a human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched sibling donor offers a unique therapy to reverse SCD. This mixed-methods study explores recipients' perception of HSCT success, personal life goals, and associated health-related quality of life (HRQOL) more than 1 year after HSCT. Recipients completed the Short Form-36, version 1 (SF-36v1) HRQOL survey followed by a 60- to 90-min face-to-face or telephone audio-recorded interview. Eleven of 15 eligible recipients participated in the study...
April 1, 2018: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621960/experimental-uterus-transplant-in-various-models-review-of-surgical-techniques
#18
Jalal Arvin, Maryam Ashrafi, Saeedeh Lotfi, Arash Dadvand Meshgin Shahr, Elvira Schomann, Kristina Scheerer, Elke Schulmeyer
Uterus transplantation may become the surgical therapeutic modality of choice for uterine factor infertility. However, this procedure still faces technical, therapeutic, and immunologic challenges that limit its success and clinical application. Experimental studies are therefore still needed to address various challenges in the field of uterus transplantation. Among various laboratory animals, small animals are ideal models for the purpose of experimental uterus transplant. However, clinical success in small animal models is not generalizable to clinical application and treatment for uterine factor infertility in humans...
April 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610174/recalcitrant-atopic-keratoconjunctivitis-in-children-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#19
Jing Li, Xiaohui Luo, Hongmin Ke, Lingyi Liang
Atopic keratoconjunctivitis (AKC) is the most severe type of allergic conjunctivitis and may eventually lead to blindness. Although AKC is reported to be more prevalent in adults, we report a child with AKC whose clinical characteristics were not inconsistent with those typically seen in adult patients with AKC, and who was refractory to traditional topical anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressant therapies. An 11-year-old boy presented with a 3-month history of ocular redness and itching and decreased vision for a week in both eyes...
April 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607457/preliminary-human-application-of-optical-coherence-tomography-for-quantification-and-localization-of-primordial-follicles-aimed-at-effective-ovarian-tissue-transplantation
#20
Seido Takae, Kosuke Tsukada, Ichiro Maeda, Naoki Okamoto, Yorino Sato, Haruhiro Kondo, Kiemi Shinya, Yuki Motani, Nao Suzuki
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the possible clinical application of optical coherence tomography for assessing ovarian reserve in individual specimens of human ovarian tissue for fertility preservation. METHODS: Ovarian tissue examination by optical coherence tomography was performed before ovarian tissue cryopreservation. Three of the four subjects had hematological disease or cancer, and they faced a threat to their fertility due to impending chemotherapy...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
keyword
keyword
3273
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"