keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

DCX

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487988/delayed-administration-of-guanosine-improves-long%C3%A2-term-functional-recovery-and-enhances-neurogenesis-and-angiogenesis-in-a-mouse-model-of-photothrombotic-stroke
#1
Gang Deng, Zhandong Qiu, Dayong Li, Yu Fang, Suming Zhang
Guanosine (GUO) is neuroprotective when administered acutely for the treatment of cerebral ischemia. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether delayed administration of GUO improved long‑term functional recovery following stroke, as well as to explore the potential underlying mechanisms. GUO (8 mg/kg) or a vehicle was administered intraperitoneally for 7 consecutive days beginning 24 h prior to photothrombosis‑induced stroke in male C57/B6J mice. Behaviour tests were performed at days 1, 3, 7, 14 and 28 post‑stroke...
June 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487411/a-microrna-129-5p-rbfox-crosstalk-coordinates-homeostatic-downscaling-of-excitatory-synapses
#2
Marek Rajman, Franziska Metge, Roberto Fiore, Sharof Khudayberdiev, Ayla Aksoy-Aksel, Silvia Bicker, Cristina Ruedell Reschke, Rana Raoof, Gary P Brennan, Norman Delanty, Michael A Farrell, Donncha F O'Brien, Sebastian Bauer, Braxton Norwood, Morten T Veno, Marcus Krüger, Thomas Braun, Jørgen Kjems, Felix Rosenow, David C Henshall, Christoph Dieterich, Gerhard Schratt
Synaptic downscaling is a homeostatic mechanism that allows neurons to reduce firing rates during chronically elevated network activity. Although synaptic downscaling is important in neural circuit development and epilepsy, the underlying mechanisms are poorly described. We performed small RNA profiling in picrotoxin (PTX)-treated hippocampal neurons, a model of synaptic downscaling. Thereby, we identified eight microRNAs (miRNAs) that were increased in response to PTX, including miR-129-5p, whose inhibition blocked synaptic downscaling in vitro and reduced epileptic seizure severity in vivo Using transcriptome, proteome, and bioinformatic analysis, we identified the calcium pump Atp2b4 and doublecortin (Dcx) as miR-129-5p targets...
May 9, 2017: EMBO Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487338/poststroke-sonic-hedgehog-agonist-treatment-improves-functional-recovery-by-enhancing-neurogenesis-and-angiogenesis
#3
Yongming Jin, Austin Barnett, Yifan Zhang, Xin Yu, Yu Luo
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Because of the limitation in treatment window of the r-tPA (recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator), the development of delayed treatment for stroke is needed. In this study, we examined the efficacy of delayed poststroke treatment (post 3-8 days) of the sonic hedgehog pathway agonist on functional recovery and the underlying mechanisms. METHODS: We evaluated functional recovery at 1 month after stroke using locomotion analysis and Barnes maze test for cognitive function...
May 9, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477140/chondroitin-sulfate-impairs-neural-stem-cell-migration-through-rock-activation
#4
Layla T Galindo, Mayara T V V Mundim, Agnes S Pinto, Gabrielly M D Chiarantin, Maíra E S Almeida, Marcelo L Lamers, Alan R Horwitz, Marinilce F Santos, Marimelia Porcionatto
Brain injuries such as trauma and stroke lead to glial scar formation by reactive astrocytes which produce and secret axonal outgrowth inhibitors. Chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans (CSPG) constitute a well-known class of extracellular matrix molecules produced at the glial scar and cause growth cone collapse. The CSPG glycosaminoglycan side chains composed of chondroitin sulfate (CS) are responsible for its inhibitory activity on neurite outgrowth and are dependent on RhoA activation. Here, we hypothesize that CSPG also impairs neural stem cell migration inhibiting their penetration into an injury site...
May 5, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465137/hippocampal-neurogenesis-of-wistar-kyoto-rats-is-congenitally-impaired-and-correlated-with-stress-resistance
#5
Kyohei Kin, Takao Yasuhara, Masahiro Kameda, Takashi Agari, Tatsuya Sasaki, Jun Morimoto, Mihoko Okazaki, Michiari Umakoshi, Ken Kuwahara, Ittetsu Kin, Naoki Tajiri, Isao Date
The hippocampus is thought to be an important region for depression. However, the relationship between hippocampal neurogenesis and depression is still controversial. Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats are frequently used as a depression model. WKY rats are known to show physiologically abnormal features, and these features resemble abnormalities seen in depressed patients. However, the neurogenesis of WKY rats is still unknown. In this study, we first evaluated the neurogenesis of WKY rats and compared it to that of Wistar (WIS) rats...
April 30, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464523/low-level-light-emitting-diode-therapy-promotes-long-term-functional-recovery-after-experimental-stroke-in-mice
#6
Hae In Lee, Sae-Won Lee, Nam Gyun Kim, Kyoung-Jun Park, Byung Tae Choi, Yong-Il Shin, Hwa Kyoung Shin
We aimed to investigate the effects of low-level light emitting diode therapy (LED-T) on the long-term functional outcomes after cerebral ischemia, and the optimal timing of LED-T initiation for achieving suitable functional recovery. Focal cerebral ischemia was induced in mice via photothrombosis. These mice were assigned to a sham-operated (control), ischemic (vehicle), or LED-T group [initiation immediately (acute), 4 days (subacute) or 10 days (delayed) after ischemia, followed by once-daily treatment for 7 days]...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462362/early-life-stress-leads-to-developmental-and-sex-selective-effects-on-performance-in-a-novel-object-placement-task
#7
Kevin G Bath, Arielle Schilit Nitenson, Ezra Lichtman, Chelsea Lopez, Whitney Chen, Meghan Gallo, Haley Goodwill, Gabriela Manzano-Nieves
Disruptions in early life care, including neglect, extreme poverty, and trauma, influence neural development and increase the risk for and severity of pathology. Significant sex disparities have been identified for affective pathology, with females having an increased risk of developing anxiety and depressive disorder. However, the effects of early life stress (ELS) on cognitive development have not been as well characterized, especially in reference to sex specific impacts of ELS on cognitive abilities over development...
December 2017: Neurobiology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462043/lack-of-riluzole-efficacy-in-the-progression-of-the-neurodegenerative-phenotype-in-a-new-conditional-mouse-model-of-striatal-degeneration
#8
Grzegorz Kreiner, Katarzyna Rafa-Zabłocka, Piotr Chmielarz, Monika Bagińska, Irena Nalepa
BACKGROUND: Huntington's disease (HD) is a rare familial autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disorder characterized by progressive degeneration of medium spiny neurons (MSNs) located in the striatum. Currently available treatments of HD are only limited to alleviating symptoms; therefore, high expectations for an effective therapy are associated with potential replacement of lost neurons through stimulation of postnatal neurogenesis. One of the drugs of potential interest for the treatment of HD is riluzole, which may act as a positive modulator of adult neurogenesis, promoting replacement of damaged MSNs...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456144/effects-of-venlafaxine-and-chronic-unpredictable-stress-on-behavior-and-hippocampal-neurogenesis-of-rat-dams
#9
Kristina Belovicova, Eszter Bogi, Romana Koprdova, Eduard Ujhazy, Mojmir Mach, Michal Dubovicky
OBJECTIVE: Epidemiological studies strongly support the theory that stressful life events play an important role in the etiology of depression. The mechanism of chronic stress induced depression involves a number of systems. Chronic stress represents a serious health issue especially during pregnancy and lactation. In this sensitive period, stress can lead to changes in emotion and cognitive behavior both of the mothers and the offspring. It is thus necessary to properly manage stress events during gestation...
February 15, 2017: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442357/dl-3-n-butylphthalide-promotes-neuroplasticity-and-motor-recovery-in-stroke-rats
#10
Yefei Sun, Xi Cheng, Huibin Wang, Xiaopeng Mu, Yifan Liang, YuJia Luo, Huiling Qu, Chuansheng Zhao
BACKGROUNDS AND AIMS: Racemic l-3-n-butylphthalide (dl-NBP), is able to achieve a functional recovery in animal models of cerebral ischemia, vascular dementia, and Alzheimer's disease. In this study, we investigated the effect of dl-NBP on axonal growth, neurogenesis and behavioral performances in rats with cerebral ischemia. METHODS: Focal cerebral ischemia in rats was produced by intracerebral injection of endothelin-1. Starting from postoperative day 7, the experimental rats were administered 70mg/kg dl-NBP by oral gavage for two weeks...
April 22, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440899/lissencephaly-expanded-imaging-and-clinical-classification
#11
Nataliya Di Donato, Sara Chiari, Ghayda M Mirzaa, Kimberly Aldinger, Elena Parrini, Carissa Olds, A James Barkovich, Renzo Guerrini, William B Dobyns
Lissencephaly ("smooth brain," LIS) is a malformation of cortical development associated with deficient neuronal migration and abnormal formation of cerebral convolutions or gyri. The LIS spectrum includes agyria, pachygyria, and subcortical band heterotopia. Our first classification of LIS and subcortical band heterotopia (SBH) was developed to distinguish between the first two genetic causes of LIS-LIS1 (PAFAH1B1) and DCX. However, progress in molecular genetics has led to identification of 19 LIS-associated genes, leaving the existing classification system insufficient to distinguish the increasingly diverse patterns of LIS...
April 25, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439461/quantitative-assessment-of-fibroblast-growth-factor-receptor-1-expression-in-neurons-and-glia
#12
Lisha Choubey, Jantzen C Collette, Karen Müller Smith
BACKGROUND: Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) and their receptors (FGFRs) have numerous functions in the developing and adult central nervous system (CNS). For example, the FGFR1 receptor is important for proliferation and fate specification of radial glial cells in the cortex and hippocampus, oligodendrocyte proliferation and regeneration, midline glia morphology and soma translocation, Bergmann glia morphology, and cerebellar morphogenesis. In addition, FGFR1 signaling in astrocytes is required for postnatal maturation of interneurons expressing parvalbumin (PV)...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418405/adenosine-a2a-receptor-and-erk-driven-impulsivity-potentiates-hippocampal-neuroblast-proliferation
#13
A Oliveros, C H Cho, A Cui, S Choi, D Lindberg, D Hinton, M-H Jang, D-S Choi
Dampened adenosine A2A receptor (A2AR) function has been implicated in addiction through enhancement of goal-directed behaviors. However, the contribution of the A2AR to the control of impulsive reward seeking remains unknown. Using mice that were exposed to differential reward of low rate (DRL) schedules during Pavlovian-conditioning, second-order schedule discrimination, and the 5-choice serial reaction time task (5-CSRTT), we demonstrate that deficits of A2AR function promote impulsive responses. Antagonism of the A2AR lowered ERK1 and ERK2 phosphorylation in the dorsal hippocampus (dHip) and potentiated impulsivity during Pavlovian-conditioning and the 5-CSRTT...
April 18, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413838/advanced-structural-multimodal-imaging-of-a-patient-with-subcortical-band-heterotopia
#14
Lohith G Kini, Ilya M Nasrallah, Carlos Coto, Lindsay C Ferraro, Kathryn A Davis
Subcortical band heterotopia (SBH) is a disorder of neuronal migration most commonly due to mutations of the Doublecortin (DCX) gene. A range of phenotypes is seen, with most patients having some degree of epilepsy and intellectual disability. Advanced diffusion and structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequences may be useful in identifying heterotopias and dysplasias of different sizes in drug-resistant epilepsy. We describe a patient with SBH and drug-resistant epilepsy and investigate neurite density, neurite dispersion, and diffusion parameters as compared to a healthy control through the use of multiple advanced MRI modalities...
December 2016: Epilepsia Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400715/doublecortin-in-oligodendrocyte-precursor-cells-in-the-adult-mouse-brain
#15
Jenna J Boulanger, Claude Messier
Key Points Oligodendrocyte precursor cells express doublecortin, a microtubule-associated protein.Oligodendrocyte precursor cells express doublecortin, but at a lower level of expression than in neuronal precursor.Doublecortin is not associated with a potential immature neuronal phenotype in Oligodendrocyte precursor cells. Oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPC) are glial cells that differentiate into myelinating oligodendrocytes during embryogenesis and early stages of post-natal life. OPCs continue to divide throughout adulthood and some eventually differentiate into oligodendrocytes in response to demyelinating lesions...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363755/an-investigation-of-gene-expression-in-single-cells-derived-from-nestin-expressing-cells-in-the-adult-mouse-midbrain-in-vivo
#16
Parisa Farzanehfar, Malcolm K Horne, Tim D Aumann
Generation of new dopamine (DA) neurons in the adult midbrain is a controversial issue in development of better treatments for Parkinson's disease (PD). Previous research suggests Nestin-expressing neural precursor cells (NPCs) have a propensity to differentiate into neurons here, including DA neurons. In the present study we sought confirmation of this by studying gene expression in single Nestin-expressing cells and their progeny/ontogeny within the adult mouse midbrain. Cells were identified by administering a pulse of Tamoxifen to adult Nestin-CreER(T2)×R26eYFP transgenic mice...
March 29, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342972/remodeling-the-th1-polarized-systemic-environment-contributes-to-neurogenesis-and-cognitive-function-via-the-wnt7a-pathway-in-neonatal-mice
#17
YunLong Xu, Fen He, FangFang Qi, Guangqi Yang, FuXiang Zheng, JunHua Yang, Xiao Wang, JunXiu Liu, JunTao Zou
Neonatal Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccination results in a positive effect on hippocampal neurogenesis and cognition. Serum cytokines are considered to be the chief culprit. In this study, serum from BCG-treated mice was identified as Th1 polarized serum. The serum showed an increased ratio of IFN-γ to IL-4 and decreased levels of TNF-α and IL-6. After Th1 polarized serum was injected intraperitoneally into postnatal mice, the levels of cytokines and ratio of IFN-γ to IL-4 in the serum and hippocampus of postnatal mice showed a similar alteration as those in Th1 polarized serum...
March 22, 2017: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327614/partial-reprogramming-of-pluripotent-stem-cell-derived-cardiomyocytes-into-neurons
#18
Wenpo Chuang, Arun Sharma, Praveen Shukla, Guang Li, Moritz Mall, Kuppusamy Rajarajan, Oscar J Abilez, Ryoko Hamaguchi, Joseph C Wu, Marius Wernig, Sean M Wu
Direct reprogramming of somatic cells has been demonstrated, however, it is unknown whether electrophysiologically-active somatic cells derived from separate germ layers can be interconverted. We demonstrate that partial direct reprogramming of mesoderm-derived cardiomyocytes into neurons is feasible, generating cells exhibiting structural and electrophysiological properties of both cardiomyocytes and neurons. Human and mouse pluripotent stem cell-derived CMs (PSC-CMs) were transduced with the neurogenic transcription factors Brn2, Ascl1, Myt1l and NeuroD...
March 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314928/hilar-granule-cells-of-the-mouse-dentate-gyrus-effects-of-age-septotemporal-location-strain-and-selective-deletion-of-the-proapoptotic-gene-bax
#19
Keria Bermudez-Hernandez, Yi-Ling Lu, Jillian Moretto, Swati Jain, John J LaFrancois, Aine M Duffy, Helen E Scharfman
The dentate gyrus (DG) principal cells are glutamatergic granule cells (GCs), and they are located in a compact cell layer. However, GCs are also present in the adjacent hilar region, but have been described in only a few studies. Therefore, we used the transcription factor prospero homeobox 1 (Prox1) to quantify GCs at postnatal day (PND) 16, 30, and 60 in a common mouse strain, C57BL/6J mice. At PND16, there was a large population of Prox1-immunoreactive (ir) hilar cells, with more in the septal than temporal hippocampus...
March 17, 2017: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294240/pegylation-corannulene-enhances-response-of-stress-through-promoting-neurogenesis
#20
Xinyu Li, Dandan Sun, Xu Li, Dashuai Zhu, Zhenzhen Jia, Jiajia Jiao, Kai Wang, Deling Kong, Xin Zhao, Lin Xu, Qiang Zhao, Dongyan Chen, Xizeng Feng
Carbon nanomaterials have been used to treat neurodegenerative diseases and neural disorders due to their diverse molecular structures. Corannulene is a three-dimensional π-bowl carbon nanomaterial that is different from planar PAHs, fullerenes and carbon nanotubes, but little is known about its biological functions. Herein, corannulene was functionalized with mPEG-DESP to prepare PEGylation corannulene nanoparticles (PEGylation CoNps). The synthesized PEGylation CoNps shows enhanced solubility and reduced aggregation when compared corannulene...
March 15, 2017: Biomaterials Science
keyword
keyword
32717
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"