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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330165/survival-in-relation-to-multimorbidity-patterns-in-older-adults-in-primary-care-in-barcelona-spain-2010-2014-a-longitudinal-study-based-on-electronic-health-records
#1
Carolina Ibarra-Castillo, Marina Guisado-Clavero, Concepció Violan-Fors, Mariona Pons-Vigués, Tomàs López-Jiménez, Albert Roso-Llorach
BACKGROUND: Several studies have analysed the characteristics of multimorbidity patterns but none have evaluated the relationship with survival. The purpose of this study was to compare survival across older adults with different chronic multimorbidity patterns (CMPs). METHODS: Prospective longitudinal observational study using electronic health records for 190 108 people aged ≥65 years in Barcelona, Spain (2009-2014). CMPs were identified by cluster analysis...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329908/anatomical-evidence-for-lateral-hypothalamic-innervation-of-the-pontine-a7-catecholamine-cell-group-in-rat
#2
Janean E Holden, Monica A Wagner, Brady L Reeves
Substantial behavioral evidence exists to support the idea that the lateral hypothalamus (LH) makes axonal connection with spinally-projecting noradrenergic neurons of the A7 catecholamine cell group in the pons. Through this putative projection, the LH modulates nociception via α1- and α2-adrenoceptors in the dorsal horn. We used double-label immunocytochemistry to demonstrate that axons from the LH labeled with the anterograde tracer biotinylated dextran amine (BDA) appose tyrosine hydroxylase-immunoreactive (TH-ir) neuron profiles in the A7 area...
January 9, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329217/prey-acceptability-and-preference-of-oenopia-conglobata-coleoptera-coccinellidae-a-candidate-for-biological-control-in-urban-green-areas
#3
Belén Lumbierres, Filipe Madeira, Xavier Pons
Oenopia conglobata is one of the most common ladybird species in urban green areas of the Mediterranean region. We have obtained data about its prey acceptability and prey preferences. In a laboratory experiment, we investigated the acceptability of seven aphid and one psyllid species as prey for this coccinellid: the aphids Chaitophorus populeti, Aphis gossypii, Aphis craccivoraMonelliopsis caryae, Eucallipterus tiliae, Aphis nerii (on white poplar, pomegranate, false acacia, black walnut, lime, and oleander, respectively), and the psyllid Acizziajamatonica on Persian silk tree...
January 12, 2018: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325427/a-randomized-trial-of-home-visitation-for-cps-involved-families-the-moderating-impact-of-maternal-depression-and-cps-history
#4
Melissa Jonson-Reid, Brett Drake, John N Constantino, Mini Tandon, Laura Pons, Patricia Kohl, Scott Roesch, Ellie Wideman, Allison Dunnigan, Wendy Auslander
Home visitation (HV) interventions may hold promise to improve parenting and prevent child maltreatment recidivism in families reported to child protective services (CPS) with young children, but this has rarely been studied. Findings are presented from an 18-month randomized controlled trial in which intact families ( N = 122) with at least one CPS report were provided with a facilitated connection to a paraprofessional evidence-based HV program or usual care services from child protection. Results are reported for changes in maternal stress, depression, and social support outcomes and repeat reports to CPS...
January 1, 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321433/a-case-of-cv2-crmp5-antibody-related-paraneoplastic-optic-neuropathy-associated-with-small-cell-lung-cancer
#5
Masanori Nakajima, Ayumi Uchibori, Yuki Ogawa, Tai Miyazaki, Yaeko Ichikawa, Kimihiko Kaneko, Toshiyuki Takahashi, Ichiro Nakashima, Hirokazu Shiraishi, Masakatsu Motomura, Atsuro Chiba
A 61-year-old woman who had smoked for 40 years developed subacute dizziness, ataxic gait, opsoclonus, and right visual impairment. She had right optic disc swelling and optic nerve gadolinium enhancement on magnetic resonance imaging. She had small-cell lung cancer (SCLC), with CV2/collapsin response mediator protein (CRMP) 5 and HuD antibodies in her serum and cerebrospinal fluid. She was diagnosed with paraneoplastic optic neuropathy (PON) accompanied by paraneoplastic opsoclonus-ataxia syndrome. Her symptoms improved after removing the SCLC...
January 11, 2018: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320971/the-effect-of-nutritional-intervention-on-the-lipid-profile-and-dietary-intake-of-adolescents-with-juvenile-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
S G L da Silva, M T Terreri, T T O Abad, D Machado, F L A Fonseca, S Hix, F I Suano-Souza, R O S Sarni, C A Len
Objective This study sought to evaluate the effects of a nutritional intervention on the lipid metabolism biomarkers associated with cardiovascular risk, and their variation over time, in juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus (JSLE) patients. This study also investigated the relationships between these biomarkers and dietary intake, nutritional status, disease variables, and medication used. Methods A total of 31 10- to 19-year-old female adolescents with JSLE for at least six months were analyzed. The participants were randomly allocated to two groups: nutritional intervention or control...
January 1, 2018: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320413/adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-and-inflammatory-markers
#7
Antoni Sureda, Maria Del Mar Bibiloni, Alicia Julibert, Cristina Bouzas, Emma Argelich, Isabel Llompart, Antoni Pons, Josep A Tur
The aim was to assess inflammatory markers among adults and adolescents in relation to the adherence to the Mediterranean diet. A random sample (219 males and 379 females) of the Balearic Islands population (12-65 years) was anthropometrically measured and provided a blood sample to determine biomarkers of inflammation. Dietary habits were assessed and the adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern calculated. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome increased with age in both sexes. The adherence to the Mediterranean diet in adolescent males was 51...
January 10, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319556/gadolinium-accumulation-in-the-deep-cerebellar-nuclei-and-globus-pallidus-after-exposure-to-linear-but-not-macrocyclic-gadolinium-based-contrast-agents-in-a-retrospective-pig-study-with-high-similarity-to-clinical-conditions
#8
Janina Boyken, Thomas Frenzel, Jessica Lohrke, Gregor Jost, Hubertus Pietsch
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this retrospective study was to determine the gadolinium (Gd) concentration in different brain areas in a pig cohort that received repeated administration of Gd-based contrast agents (GBCAs) at standard doses over several years, comparable with a clinical setting. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Brain tissue was collected from 13 Göttingen mini pigs that had received repeated intravenous injections of gadopentetate dimeglumine (Gd-DTPA; Magnevist) and/or gadobutrol (Gadovist)...
January 9, 2018: Investigative Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319093/nutriosomes-prebiotic-delivery-systems-combining-phospholipids-a-soluble-dextrin-and-curcumin-to-counteract-intestinal-oxidative-stress-and-inflammation
#9
Ana Catalán-Latorre, Maria Pleguezuelos-Villa, Ines Castangia, Maria Letizia Manca, Carla Caddeo, Amparo Nácher, Octavio Díez-Sales, José Esteban Peris, Ramon Pons, Elvira Escribano-Ferrer, Anna Maria Fadda, Maria Manconi
Nutriosomes, new phospholipid nanovesicles specifically designed for intestinal protection were developed by simultaneously loading a water-soluble dextrin (Nutriose® FM06) and a natural antioxidant (curcumin). Nutriosomes were easily fabricated in a one-step, organic solvent-free procedure. The stability and delivery performances of the vesicles were improved by adding hydroxypropyl methylcellulose. All the vesicles were small in size (mean diameter ∼168 nm), negatively charged (zeta potential ∼-38 mV, irrespective of their composition), and self-assembled predominantly in unilamellar vesicles stabilized by the presence of Nutriose®, which was located in both the inter-lamellar and inter-vesicle media, as confirmed by cryo-TEM and SAXS investigation...
January 10, 2018: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318986/oxidative-status-and-lipid-profile-among-dogs-at-different-stages-of-visceral-leishmaniasis
#10
Mehmet Gültekin, Serdar Paşa, Kerem Ural, Canberk Balıkçı, Gamze Sevri Ekren Aşıcı, Gamze Gültekin
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to investigate the oxidative status and lipid profile among dogs at different stages of visceral leishmaniasis (VL). METHODS: Dogs with VL were divided into four groups according to the classification reported by the Leishvet group: stage I (n=9), stage II (n=11), stage III (n=6), and stage IV (n=6); these dogs were compared to healthy control dogs (n=14). The lipid profile [high-density lipoprotein (HDL), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), cholesterol, and triglyceride levels) and oxidative status [total antioxidant capacity (TAC), total oxidant status (TOS), and paraoxonase-1 (PON-1) activity] were evaluated...
December 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318698/nighttime-care-routine-interaction-and-sleep-disruption-in-adult-cardiac-surgery
#11
Jesus M Casida, Jean E Davis, Aaron Zalewski, James J Yang
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the context and the influence of nighttime care routine interactions (NCRIs) on nighttime sleep effectiveness (NSE) and daytime sleepiness (DSS) of patients in the cardiac surgery critical-and progressive-care units of a hospital. BACKGROUND: There exists a paucity of empirical data regarding the influence of NCRIs on sleep and associated outcomes in hospitalized adult cardiac surgery patients. METHODS: An exploratory repeated measures research design was employed on the data provided by 38 elective cardiac surgery patients (mean age 60...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316480/fine-structure-of-leptomyxa-ambigua-n-sp-ccap-1546-2-strain-formerly-known-as-rhizamoeba-flabellata-amoebozoa-tubulinea-leptomyxida
#12
Alexey Smirnov
The species Leptomyxa flabellata was described by Goodey in 1915 and re-isolated by Pussard and Pons in 1976. It seems that it was never seen (or never recognized) again since that time. The strain designated as "Leptomyxa flabellata CCAP 1546/2" was studied by Cann in 1984, however the quality of the electron microscopic images of that time was poor. Based on the cyst structure and size characters, Page in 1988 suggested that this strain is not co-specific with Goodey's Leptomyxa flabellata, but represents a species 'Ripidomyxa' australiensis Chakraborty and Pussard, 1985, nowadays known as Rhizamoeba australiensis...
December 13, 2017: European Journal of Protistology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312473/central-nervous-system-gadolinium-accumulation-in-patients-undergoing-periodical-contrast-mri-screening-for-hereditary-tumor-syndromes
#13
Evelynn Vergauwen, Anne-Marie Vanbinst, Carola Brussaard, Peter Janssens, Dieter De Clerck, Michel Van Lint, Anne C Houtman, Olaf Michel, Kathelijn Keymolen, Bieke Lefevere, Susanne Bohler, Dirk Michielsen, Anna C Jansen, Vera Van Velthoven, Sven Gläsker
Background: Patients with hereditary tumor syndromes undergo periodical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) screening with Gadolinium contrast. Gadolinium accumulation has recently been described in the central nervous system after repeated administrations. The prevalence and rate of accumulation in different subgroups of patients are unknown. Neither are the mechanism nor clinical impact. This may cause uncertainty about the screening. To explore the prevalence and rate of Gadolinium accumulation in different subgroups, we retrospectively analyzed MRIs of patients with von Hippel-Lindau disease (VHL) and Tuberous Sclerosis Complex (TSC)...
2018: Hereditary Cancer in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310808/frequency-and-consequences-of-influenza-vaccination-in-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease
#14
Idris Bare, Jennifer Crawford, Kendell Pon, Negeen Farida, Payam Dehghani
Immunization against influenza is a critical, but perhaps underappreciated prevention of morbidity and mortality in the cardiac population. The purpose of the present study is to examine influenza vaccination rates in adults with congenital heart disease (ACHD). A secondary purpose is to explore whether there is an association between demographic, medical, and behavioral variables and receipt of the influenza vaccination. Of the 183 consecutive ACHD patients who were contacted, 123 responded to our telephone survey...
December 11, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308000/rate-of-adverse-events-of-gastroduodenal-snare-polypectomy-for-non-flat-polyp-is-low-a-prospective-and-multicenter-study
#15
Henry Córdova, Lidia Argüello, Carme Loras, Antonio Naranjo Rodríguez, Faust Riu Pons, Joan B Gornals, David Nicolás-Pérez, Xavier Andújar Murcia, Luis Hernández, Santos Santolaria, Carles Leal, Carles Pons, Enrique Pérez-Cuadrado-Robles, Orlando García-Bosch, Michel Papo Berger, José Luis Ulla Rocha, Cristina Sánchez-Montes, Gloria Fernández-Esparrach
AIM: To evaluate the rate of adverse events (AEs) during consecutive gastric and duodenal polypectomies in several Spanish centers. METHODS: Polypectomies of protruded gastric or duodenal polyps ≥ 5 mm using hot snare were prospectively included. Prophylactic measures of hemorrhage were allowed in predefined cases. AEs were defined and graded according to the lexicon recommended by the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. Patients were followed for 48 h, one week and 1 mo after the procedure...
December 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307861/differences-in-tetracycline-resistance-determinants-carriage-among-shigella-flexneri-and-shigella-sonnei-are-not-related-to-different-plasmid-inc-type-carriage
#16
María J Pons, Alba Torrents de la Peña, Laura Mensa, Pilar Martón, Lidia Ruiz-Roldán, Sandra Martínez-Puchol, Jordi Vila, Joaquim Gascón, Joaquim Ruiz
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to establish the different prevalence of the most common molecular mechanisms involved in tetracycline resistance as well as their relationship with plasmid incompatibility groups in a collection of Shigella spp. causing traveler's diarrhea. METHODS: Tetracycline susceptibility was established in 187 Shigella spp. (74S. flexneri and 113S. sonnei). Of these, 153 isolates were recovered as a confirmed cause of traveler's diarrhea...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306594/vertebrobasilar-artery-stroke-as-the-heralding-sign-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#17
Reza Mohammadian, Ali Tarighatnia, Mehran Naghibi, Evin Koleini, Nader D Nader
Cerebral ischemia because of vertebrobasilar insufficiency (VBI) rarely presents as an initial sign within the systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) population, and there are very few case reports supporting this manifestation. This report details 3 different patients with SLE who experienced VBI as an initial manifestation. Patient 1 was a 24-year-old female who developed a bilateral pontine lesion as a consequence of basilar artery stenosis. Patient 2 was a 34-year-old male with an acute ischemic lesion on the right side of his cerebellum and pons because of significant stenosis in the distal segment of the right vertebral artery...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303952/voltage-gated-potassium-channel-antibody-autoimmune-encephalopathy-presenting-with-isolated-psychosis-in-an-adolescent
#18
Natalie C Pon, Kimberly M Houck, Eyal Muscal, Sindhu A Idicula
Antibody-mediated encephalopathies associated with serum or cerebrospinal fluid antibodies directed against neuronal structures may present with a multitude of neuropsychiatric syndromes. Although some of the antibody-driven conditions are now well recognized in adults (eg, N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antibody encephalitis), the spectrum of neuropsychiatric manifestations in the pediatric population is less clear. Psychosis, confusion, catatonia, and additional behavioral changes, along with seizures, encephalopathy, and movement disorders, may be initial manifestations or concurrent features in all age groups...
November 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302615/homeostatic-changes-in-gaba-and-acetylcholine-muscarinic-receptors-on-gabaergic-neurons-in-the-mesencephalic-reticular-formation-following-sleep-deprivation
#19
Hanieh Toossi, Esther Del Cid-Pellitero, Barbara E Jones
We have examined whether GABAergic neurons in the mesencephalic reticular formation (RFMes), which are believed to inhibit the neurons in the pons that generate paradoxical sleep (PS or REMS), are submitted to homeostatic regulation under conditions of sleep deprivation (SD) by enforced waking during the day in mice. Using immunofluorescence, we investigated first, by staining for c-Fos, whether GABAergic RFMes neurons are active during SD and then, by staining for receptors, whether their activity is associated with homeostatic changes in GABAA or acetylcholine muscarinic type 2 (AChM2) receptors (Rs), which evoke inhibition...
November 2017: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301970/transient-ischemic-attack-results-in-delayed-brain-atrophy-and-cognitive-decline
#20
Andrew Bivard, Thomas Lillicrap, Bénédicte Maréchal, Carlos Garcia-Esperon, Elizabeth Holliday, Venkatesh Krishnamurthy, Christopher R Levi, Mark Parsons
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Transient ischemic attack (TIA) initiates an ischemic cascade without resulting in frank infarction and, as such, represents a novel model to study the effects of this ischemic cascade and secondary neurodegeneration in humans. METHODS: Patients with suspected TIA underwent acute brain perfusion imaging, and those with acute ischemia were enrolled into a prospective observational study. We collected baseline and 90-day magnetic resonance imaging, including MP-RAGE (high-resolution T1 sequence) and cognitive assessment with the Montreal Cognitive Assessment...
January 4, 2018: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
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