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Nanopore sequencing

Miten Jain, Hugh E Olsen, Daniel J Turner, David Stoddart, Kira V Bulazel, Benedict Paten, David Haussler, Huntington F Willard, Mark Akeson, Karen H Miga
The human genome reference sequence remains incomplete owing to the challenge of assembling long tracts of near-identical tandem repeats in centromeres. We implemented a nanopore sequencing strategy to generate high-quality reads that span hundreds of kilobases of highly repetitive DNA in a human Y chromosome centromere. Combining these data with short-read variant validation, we assembled and characterized the centromeric region of a human Y chromosome.
March 19, 2018: Nature Biotechnology
Timothée Menais
DNA translocation through nanopores is one of the most promising strategies for next-generation sequencing technologies. Most experimental and numerical works have focused on polymer translocation biased by electrophoresis, where a pulling force acts on the polymer within the nanopore. An alternative strategy, however, is emerging, which uses optical or magnetic tweezers. In this case, the pulling force is exerted directly at one end of the polymer, which strongly modifies the translocation process. In this paper, we report numerical simulations of both linear and structured (mimicking DNA) polymer models, simple enough to allow for a statistical treatment of the pore structure effects on the translocation time probability distributions...
February 2018: Physical Review. E
Wouter De Coster, Svenn D'Hert, Darrin T Schultz, Marc Cruts, Christine Van Broeckhoven
Summary: Here we describe NanoPack, a set of tools developed for visualization and processing of long read sequencing data from Oxford Nanopore Technologies and Pacific Biosciences. Availability and Implementation: The NanoPack tools are written in Python3 and released under the GNU GPL3.0 License. The source code can be found at, together with links to separate scripts and their documentation. The scripts are compatible with Linux, Mac OS and the MS Windows 10 subsystem for Linux and are available as a graphical user interface, a web service at http://nanoplot...
March 14, 2018: Bioinformatics
Jane Hawkey, David B Ascher, Louise M Judd, Ryan R Wick, Xenia Kostoulias, Heather Cleland, Denis W Spelman, Alex Padiglione, Anton Y Peleg, Kathryn E Holt
Acinetobacter baumannii is a common causative agent of hospital-acquired infections and a leading cause of infection in burns patients. Carbapenem-resistant A. baumannii is considered a major public-health threat and has been identified by the World Health Organization as the top priority organism requiring new antimicrobials. The most common mechanism for carbapenem resistance in A. baumannii is via horizontal acquisition of carbapenemase genes. In this study, we sampled 20 A. baumannii isolates from a patient with extensive burns, and characterized the evolution of carbapenem resistance over a 45 day period via Illumina and Oxford Nanopore sequencing...
March 16, 2018: Microbial Genomics
István Prazsák, Dóra Tombácz, Attila Szűcs, Béla Dénes, Michael Snyder, Zsolt Boldogkői
The vaccinia virus is a large, complex virus belonging to the Poxviridae family. Here, we report the complete, annotated genome sequence of the neurovirulent Western Reserve laboratory strain of this virus, which was sequenced on the Pacific Biosciences RS II and Oxford Nanopore MinION platforms.
March 15, 2018: Genome Announcements
Cosimo Cumbo, Luciana Impera, Crescenzio Francesco Minervini, Paola Orsini, Luisa Anelli, Antonella Zagaria, Nicoletta Coccaro, Giuseppina Tota, Angela Minervini, Paola Casieri, Claudia Brunetti, Antonella Russo Rossi, Elisa Parciante, Giorgina Specchia, Francesco Albano
For monitoring minimal residual disease (MRD) in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) the most recommended method is quantitative RT-PCR (RT-qPCR) for measuring BCR-ABL1 transcripts. Several studies reported that a DNA-based assay enhances the sensitivity of detection of the BCR-ABL1 genomic rearrangement, even if its characterization results difficult. We developed a DNA-based method for detecting and quantifying residual BCR-ABL1 positive leukemic stem cells in CML patients. We propose two alternative approaches: the first one is a fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH)-based step followed by Sanger sequencing; the second one employs MinION, a single molecule sequencer based on nanopore technology...
February 16, 2018: Oncotarget
Shan Wei, Zachary R Weiss, Zev Williams
Real-time sequencing of short DNA reads has a wide variety of clinical and research applications including screening for mutations, target sequences and aneuploidy. We recently demonstrated that MinION, a nanopore-based DNA sequencing device the size of a USB drive, could be used for short-read DNA sequencing. In this study, an ultra-rapid multiplex library preparation and sequencing method for the MinION is presented and applied to accurately test normal diploid and aneuploidy samples' genomic DNA in under three hours, including library preparation and sequencing...
March 14, 2018: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
Aldo Eugenio Rossini, Fabrizio Gala, Mauro Chinappi, Giuseppe Zollo
Solid-state nanopores and nanogaps are emerging as promising tools for single molecule analysis. 2D materials, such as graphene, can potentially reach the spatial resolution needed for nucleic acid and protein sequencing. In the context of the density functional theory, atomistic modeling and non-equilibrium Green's function calculation, we show that glycine based polypeptide chains translocating across a nano-gap between two semi-infinite graphene nano-ribbons leave a specific transverse current signature for each peptide bond...
March 14, 2018: Nanoscale
Matthew Healey, William Rowe, Sofia Siati, Muttuswamy Sivakumaran, Mark Platt
Many diseases are defined by patterns of DNA methylation which result in aberrant gene expression. We present a rapid assay based upon Resistive Pulse Sensing, RPS, to characterise sequence specific DNA methylation sites in genomic DNA. We modify the surface of superparamagnetic beads, SPBs, with DNA (capture probe). The particles are added to solution where they bind to and extract sequence specific DNA (Target DNA). The target loaded SPBs are then incubated with antibodies which bind to the methylation sites, and the velocity of the SPBs through the nanopore reveal the number and location of the epigenetic markers within the target...
March 7, 2018: ACS Sensors
Fabien Piguet, Hadjer Ouldali, Manuela Pastoriza-Gallego, Philippe Manivet, Juan Pelta, Abdelghani Oukhaled
There are still unmet needs in finding new technologies for biomedical diagnostic and industrial applications. A technology allowing the analysis of size and sequence of short peptide molecules of only few molecular copies is still challenging. The fast, low-cost and label-free single-molecule nanopore technology could be an alternative for addressing these critical issues. Here, we demonstrate that the wild-type aerolysin nanopore enables the size-discrimination of several short uniformly charged homopeptides, mixed in solution, with a single amino acid resolution...
March 6, 2018: Nature Communications
Hiroyuki Ishiura, Koichiro Doi, Jun Mitsui, Jun Yoshimura, Miho Kawabe Matsukawa, Asao Fujiyama, Yasuko Toyoshima, Akiyoshi Kakita, Hitoshi Takahashi, Yutaka Suzuki, Sumio Sugano, Wei Qu, Kazuki Ichikawa, Hideaki Yurino, Koichiro Higasa, Shota Shibata, Aki Mitsue, Masaki Tanaka, Yaeko Ichikawa, Yuji Takahashi, Hidetoshi Date, Takashi Matsukawa, Junko Kanda, Fumiko Kusunoki Nakamoto, Mana Higashihara, Koji Abe, Ryoko Koike, Mutsuo Sasagawa, Yasuko Kuroha, Naoya Hasegawa, Norio Kanesawa, Takayuki Kondo, Takefumi Hitomi, Masayoshi Tada, Hiroki Takano, Yutaka Saito, Kazuhiro Sanpei, Osamu Onodera, Masatoyo Nishizawa, Masayuki Nakamura, Takeshi Yasuda, Yoshio Sakiyama, Mieko Otsuka, Akira Ueki, Ken-Ichi Kaida, Jun Shimizu, Ritsuko Hanajima, Toshihiro Hayashi, Yasuo Terao, Satomi Inomata-Terada, Masashi Hamada, Yuichiro Shirota, Akatsuki Kubota, Yoshikazu Ugawa, Kishin Koh, Yoshihisa Takiyama, Natsumi Ohsawa-Yoshida, Shoichi Ishiura, Ryo Yamasaki, Akira Tamaoka, Hiroshi Akiyama, Taisuke Otsuki, Akira Sano, Akio Ikeda, Jun Goto, Shinichi Morishita, Shoji Tsuji
Epilepsy is a common neurological disorder, and mutations in genes encoding ion channels or neurotransmitter receptors are frequent causes of monogenic forms of epilepsy. Here we show that abnormal expansions of TTTCA and TTTTA repeats in intron 4 of SAMD12 cause benign adult familial myoclonic epilepsy (BAFME). Single-molecule, real-time sequencing of BAC clones and nanopore sequencing of genomic DNA identified two repeat configurations in SAMD12. Intriguingly, in two families with a clinical diagnosis of BAFME in which no repeat expansions in SAMD12 were observed, we identified similar expansions of TTTCA and TTTTA repeats in introns of TNRC6A and RAPGEF2, indicating that expansions of the same repeat motifs are involved in the pathogenesis of BAFME regardless of the genes in which the expanded repeats are located...
March 5, 2018: Nature Genetics
Deying Xia, Chuong Huynh, Shawn McVey, Aaron Kobler, Lewis Stern, Zhishan Yuan, Xinsheng Sean Ling
The fabrication of solid-state nanopores in an insulating membrane has attracted much attention for biomolecule analysis such as DNA sequencing and detection in recent years. For practical applications and device integration, the challenges include precise size control for sub 10 nm nanopores, excellent repeatability and rapid fabrication over a large area to reduce the cost for mass production. A helium ion beam could provide an effective fabrication approach to produce such solid-state nanopores. It is easy to control the nanopore size and reach sub 10 nm pore size with a simple change in the milling time with an appropriate ion beam current...
March 1, 2018: Nanoscale
Tongbo Wu, Yufei Yang, Wei Chen, Jiayu Wang, Ziyu Yang, Shenlin Wang, Xianjin Xiao, Mengyuan Li, Meiping Zhao
Lambda exonuclease (λ exo) plays an important role in the resection of DNA ends for DNA repair. Currently, it is also a widely used enzymatic tool in genetic engineering, DNA-binding protein mapping, nanopore sequencing and biosensing. Herein, we disclose two noncanonical properties of this enzyme and suggest a previously undescribed hydrophobic interaction model between λ exo and DNA substrates. We demonstrate that the length of the free portion of the substrate strand in the dsDNA plays an essential role in the initiation of digestion reactions by λ exo...
February 27, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
Stephanie J Heerema, Leonardo Vicarelli, Sergii Pud, Raymond N Schouten, Henny W Zandbergen, Cees Dekker
Many theoretical studies predict that DNA sequencing should be feasible by monitoring the transverse current through a graphene nanoribbon while a DNA molecule translocates through a nanopore in that ribbon. Such a readout would benefit from the special transport properties of graphene, provide ultimate spatial resolution because of the single-atom layer thickness of graphene, and facilitate high-bandwidth measurements. Previous experimental attempts to measure such transverse inplane signals were however dominated by a trivial capacitive response...
February 23, 2018: ACS Nano
K Vinaya Kumar, M S Shekhar, S K Otta, K Karthic, J Ashok Kumar, G Gopikrishna, K K Vijayan
White spot syndrome virus is a major pathogen of shrimp, causing economic loss to the aquaculture industry. For the first time, a complete de novo genome of an Indian isolate of this virus has been deciphered using Illumina and Nanopore sequencing technologies. The genome has 280,591 bp with 442 predicted coding genes.
February 22, 2018: Genome Announcements
Zhishan Yuan, Chengyong Wang, Xin Yi, Zhonghua Ni, Yunfei Chen, Tie Li
Solid-state nanopore has captured the attention of many researchers due to its characteristic of nanoscale. Now, different fabrication methods have been reported, which can be summarized into two broad categories: "top-down" etching technology and "bottom-up" shrinkage technology. Ion track etching method, mask etching method chemical solution etching method, and high-energy particle etching and shrinkage method are exhibited in this report. Besides, we also discussed applications of solid-state nanopore fabrication technology in DNA sequencing, protein detection, and energy conversion...
February 20, 2018: Nanoscale Research Letters
Raga Krishnakumar, Anupama Sinha, Sara W Bird, Harikrishnan Jayamohan, Harrison S Edwards, Joseph S Schoeniger, Kamlesh D Patel, Steven S Branda, Michael S Bartsch
Emerging sequencing technologies are allowing us to characterize environmental, clinical and laboratory samples with increasing speed and detail, including real-time analysis and interpretation of data. One example of this is being able to rapidly and accurately detect a wide range of pathogenic organisms, both in the clinic and the field. Genomes can have radically different GC content however, such that accurate sequence analysis can be challenging depending upon the technology used. Here, we have characterized the performance of the Oxford MinION nanopore sequencer for detection and evaluation of organisms with a range of genomic nucleotide bias...
February 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
Fabien Montel
After years of development, the use of nanopore as a sensor to sequence DNA molecules is now a viable and promising possibility. Single base pair detection during DNA transport enables to record ultra-long threads with high parallelization and rates. I will present in this review the current methodologies based on electrical detection and biological nanopores and the new methods based on solid state nanopores and optical detection.
February 2018: Médecine Sciences: M/S
Annette Fagerlund, Solveig Langsrud, Birgitte Moen, Even Heir, Trond Møretrø
Listeria monocytogenes is a foodborne pathogen that causes the often-fatal disease listeriosis. We present here the complete genome sequences of six L. monocytogenes isolates of sequence type 9 (ST9) collected from two different meat processing facilities in Norway. The genomes were assembled using Illumina and Nanopore sequencing data.
February 15, 2018: Genome Announcements
You-Sheng Yu, Xiang Lu, Hong-Ming Ding, Yu-Qiang Ma
Fast, low-cost and reliable DNA sequencing is one of the most desirable innovations in recent years, which can pave the way for high throughput, label-free and inexpensive personalized genome sequencing techniques. Although graphene-based nanopore devices hold great promise for next-generation DNA sequencing, it is still a challenging problem to detect different DNA sequences efficiently and accurately. In the present work, the translocation of four homogeneous DNA strands (i.e., poly(A) 20 , poly(C) 20 , poly(G) 20 , and poly(T) 20 ) through the functionalized graphene nanopores is investigated by all-atom molecular dynamic simulations...
February 15, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
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