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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645009/case-report-of-robotic-dor-fundoplication-for-scleroderma-esophagus-with-aperistalsis-on-manometry
#1
Alonso Andrade, Matthew K Folstein, Brian R Davis
Scleroderma is a systemic disease of collagen deposition resulting in fibrosis of small arteries and arterioles. It commonly affects the skin, lungs, and gastrointestinal tract. The most common site of GI tract involvement is the esophagus. We present the case report of a 44year old female with scleroderma esophagus and severe reflux which was successfully treated with robotic dor fundoplication. Because of the wide variety of symptoms with which this problem can present, a tailored approach taking into consideration the patient's symptomatology and findings during diagnostic work-up was implemented with good results...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644313/unique-clinical-features-of-los-angeles-grade-d-esophagitis-suggest-that-factors-other-than-gastroesophageal-reflux-contribute-to-its-pathogenesis
#2
Anh D Nguyen, Stuart J Spechler, Monique N Shuler, Rhonda F Souza, Kerry B Dunbar
BACKGROUND: The Los Angeles (LA) grade of reflux esophagitis (A to D) is assumed to reflect severity of the underlying gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Thus, LA-D esophagitis patients might be expected to have the most conditions predisposing to GERD (eg, obesity, hiatal hernia), and the highest frequency of GERD symptoms. GOALS: The main goal of this study is to compare clinical features of patients with the most severe (LA-D) and mildest (LA-A) grades of esophagitis...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643980/-hiatal-hernia-current-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-management
#3
Pierre Allemann, Valentine Guarnero, Alain Schoepfer, Nicolas Demartines, Markus Schäfer
Hiatal hernia is a frequent pathology. Two types have been described : sliding hernia and paraesophageal hernia (PEH). The first one is the most frequent and is associated with reflux disease. Patients with PEH have a large variety of symptoms, such as chest pain, dyspnea, regurgitation, iterative pneumonia and iron-deficiency anemia. Operative management is necessary for sliding hernia with reflux disease and for symptomatic PEH, respectively. In patients with asymptomatic PEH, operative risk must be balanced with the risk of postoperative complications...
June 14, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638010/-evaluating-an-effectiveness-of-surgical-treatment-of-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-combined-with-hiatal-hernia
#4
V V Mozharovskiy, A A Tsyganov, K V Mozharovskiy, A A Tarasov
AIM: To assess an effectiveness of surgical treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) combined with hiatal hernia (HH). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The trial included 96 patients with GERD and HH who were divided into 2 groups. The principal difference between groups was the use of surgery in the main group and therapeutic treatment in the comparison group. RESULTS: The effectiveness of surgical treatment is superior to therapeutic treatment of GERD by more than 2...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632697/increased-activity-in-the-lung-field-on-gastroesophageal-scintigraphy-is-not-always-due-to-aspiration
#5
Xiaofei Zhao, Hongming Zhuang
Elevated activity in the lung field on gastroesophageal scintigraphy (milk scan) generally indicates aspiration of the gastric content that has refluxed to the pharynx. An 18-year-old man underwent to gastroesophageal scintigraphy to assess the rate of gastric emptying. Increased activity was noted in the left lower lung field during the image acquisition. Careful analysis of the images showed that this activity was caused by hiatal herniation.
June 19, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629562/3t-mr-defecography-a-feasibility-study-in-sensorimotor-complete-spinal-cord-injured-patients-with-neurogenic-bowel-dysfunction
#6
Cornelia Putz, Celine D Alt, Cornelia Hensel, Björn Wagner, Simone Gantz, Hans-Jürgen Gerner, Norbert Weidner, Lars Grenacher
INTRODUCTION: To investigate whether MR-defecography can be employed in sensorimotor complete spinal cord injury (SCI) subjects as a potential diagnostic tool to detect defecational disorders associated with neurogenic bowel dysfunction (NBD) using standard parameters for obstructed defecation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a prospective single centre clinical trial, we developed MR-defecography in traumatic sensorimotor complete paraplegic SCI patients with upper motoneuron type injury (neurological level of injury T1 to T10) using a conventional 3T scanner...
June 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624916/interethnic-variation-in-pelvic-floor-morphology-in-women-with-symptomatic-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#7
Zeelha Abdool, Hans Peter Dietz, Barend Gerhardus Lindeque
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: There is a lack of epidemiological studies evaluating female pelvic organ prolapse in developing countries. Current studies have largely focused on women of white ethnicity. This study was designed to determine interethnic variation in pelvic floor functional anatomy, namely, levator hiatal distensibility and pelvic organ descent, in women with symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse in a multi-ethnic South African population. METHODS: This prospective observational study included 258 consecutive women referred for pelvic organ prolapse assessment and management at a tertiary urogynaecological clinic...
June 17, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623447/new-approaches-to-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#8
William Kethman, Mary Hawn
BACKGROUND: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is the most common gastrointestinal disorder of the esophagus. It is a chronic, progressive disorder that presents most typically with heartburn and regurgitation and atypically with chest pain, dysphagia, chronic cough, globus, or sore throat. The mainstay for diagnosis and characterization of the disorder is esophagoduodenoscopy (EGD), high-resolution esophageal manometry, and symptom-associated ambulatory esophageal pH impedance monitoring...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619729/characterization-and-mechanisms-of-the-supragastric-belch-in-the-cat
#9
Ivan M Lang, Bidyut K Medda, Reza Shaker
A response, i.e., the supragastric belch (SGB), in which a belch occurs without gastric involvement has been characterized in humans. The aims of this study were to determine whether animals have an SGB and if so to determine its mechanisms. Studies were conducted in decerebrate cats (N=30) with EMG electrodes on hyoid, pharyngeal, esophageal, and diaphragm muscles. The effects of distending different regions of the esophagus in different manners using a balloon were quantified to determine the most appropriate stimulus for activating the cat SGB...
June 15, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598517/impact-of-episiotomy-on-the-urogenital-hiatus-using-transperineal-ultrasound
#10
Jordi Cassadó Garriga, Ana Carmona Ruiz, Antoni Pessarrodona Isern, Monica Rodríguez Carballeira, Esther Esteve Serena, Pablo García Manau, Marta Valls Esteve, Eva Huguet Galofré
AIMS: To analyze whether episiotomy affects the urogenital hiatal area and the difference in the hiatus at rest and during contraction, as an indirect measurement of the contractile capacity of the levator ani muscle. METHODS: We performed an observational, comparative, retrospective study of primiparous women who had normal vaginal deliveries. The urogenital hiatal area was compared in women with and without episiotomy. All women underwent transperineal ultrasound scanning after delivery, and all the images were analyzed offline by the principal investigator who was blinded to all clinical data...
June 9, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597678/a-giant-hiatal-hernia-and-intrathoracic-pancreas
#11
Ismael Mora-Guzmán, Juan Antonio Del Pozo Jiménez, Elena Martín-Pérez
Transhiatal herniation of the pancreas is an extremely rare condition, with only a few more than ten cases reported. Most patients are symptomatic at initial presentation and multi-detector computed tomography allows a detailed visualization of the anatomy and size of the diaphragmatic defect. Surgical repair is recommended for symptomatic cases.
June 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597286/what-are-the-differences-in-the-outcome-of-laparoscopic-axial-i-versus-paraesophageal-ii-iv-hiatal-hernia-repair
#12
F Köckerling, Y Trommer, K Zarras, D Adolf, B Kraft, D Weyhe, R Fortelny, C Schug-Paß
INTRODUCTION: Comparison of elective laparoscopic repair of axial vs paraesophageal hiatal hernias reveals relevant differences in both the patient collectives and the complexity of the procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present uni- and multivariable analysis of data from the Herniamed Registry compares the outcome for 2047 (67.3%) (type I) axial with 996 (32.7%) (types II-IV) paraesophageal primary hiatal hernias following laparoscopic repair. RESULTS: Compared with the patients with axial hiatal hernias, patients with paraesophageal hiatal hernia were nine years older, had a higher ASA score (ASA III/IV: 34...
June 8, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596691/nissen-fundoplication-vs-proton-pump-inhibitors-for-laryngopharyngeal-reflux-based-on-ph-monitoring-and-symptom-scale
#13
Chao Zhang, Zhi-Wei Hu, Chao Yan, Qiong Wu, Ji-Min Wu, Xing Du, Dian-Gang Liu, Tao Luo, Fei Li, Zhong-Gao Wang
AIM: To compare the outcomes between laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication (LNF) and proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) therapy in patients with laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) and type I hiatal hernia diagnosed by oropharyngeal pH-monitoring and symptom-scale assessment. METHODS: From February 2014 to January 2015, 70 patients who were diagnosed with LPR and type I hiatal hernia and referred for symptomatic assessment, oropharyngeal pH-monitoring, manometry, and gastrointestinal endoscopy were enrolled in this study...
May 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593484/reflux-sleeve-dilation-and-barrett-s-esophagus-after-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-long-term-follow-up
#14
Daniel Moritz Felsenreich, Ronald Kefurt, Martin Schermann, Philipp Beckerhinn, Ivan Kristo, Michael Krebs, Gerhard Prager, Felix B Langer
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (SG) has become the most frequently performed bariatric procedure worldwide. De novo reflux might impact patients' quality of life, requiring lifelong proton pump inhibitor medication. It also increases the risk of esophagitis and formation of Barrett's metaplasia. Besides weight regain, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is the most common reason for conversion to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. METHODS: We performed 24-h pH metries, manometries, gastroscopies, and questionnaires focusing on reflux (GIQLI, RSI) in SG patients with a follow-up of more than 10 years who did not suffer from symptomatic reflux or hiatal hernia preoperatively...
June 8, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583296/giant-paraesophageal-hiatal-hernia-a-complex-clinical-entity
#15
EDITORIAL
Farzaneh Banki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 24, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577772/care-of-the-postablation-patient-surveillance-acid-suppression-and-treatment-of%C3%A2-recurrence
#16
REVIEW
Leila Kia, Srinadh Komanduri
Endoscopic eradication therapy is effective and durable for the treatment of Barrett's esophagus (BE), with low rates of recurrence of dysplasia but significant rates of recurrence of intestinal metaplasia. Identified risk factors for recurrence include age and length of BE before treatment and may also include presence of a large hiatal hernia, higher grade of dysplasia before treatment, and history of smoking. Current guidelines for surveillance following ablation are limited, with recommendations based on low-quality evidence and expert opinion...
July 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566888/risk-of-progression-of-barrett-s-esophagus-in-patients-with-cirrhosis
#17
Tehilla Apfel, Rocio Lopez, Madhusudhan R Sanaka, Prashanthi N Thota
AIM: To study Barrett's esophagus (BE) in cirrhosis and assess progression to esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) compared to non-cirrhotic BE controls. METHODS: Cirrhotic patients who were found to have endoscopic evidence of BE confirmed by the presence of intestinal metaplasia on histology from 1/1/2000 to 12/1/2015 at Cleveland Clinic were included. Cirrhotic patients were matched 1:4 to BE controls without cirrhosis. Age, gender, race, BE length, hiatal hernia size, Child-Pugh (CP) class and histological findings were recorded...
May 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550872/hiatal-and-paraesophageal-hernia-repair-in-pediatric-patients
#18
Erin M Garvey, Daniel J Ostlie
Hiatal and paraesophageal hernia (HH/PEH) can be congenital, resulting from embryologic abnormalities/genetic predisposition, or acquired, most commonly after gastroesophageal surgery such as fundoplication. Minimizing circumferential esophageal dissection at the time of Nissen fundoplication has been shown to decrease the risk of acquired HH/PEH from 36.5% to 12.2%. Gastrointestinal, respiratory, and constitutional symptoms, including anemia and failure to thrive, are common with high rates of associated gastroesophageal reflux...
April 2017: Seminars in Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535800/comparison-of-oesophageal-function-tests-between-chinese-non-erosive-reflux-disease-and-reflux-hypersensitivity-patients
#19
Feng Gao, Yan Gao, Xue Chen, Jie Qian, Jie Zhang
BACKGROUND: By means of 24 h multi-channel intraluminal impedance and pH recording (MII/pH), patients with heartburn and normal upper gastrointestinal endoscopy findings can be classified into those with non-erosive reflux disease (NERD) and those with reflux hypersensitivity (RH). Therefore, in this study, we investigated the difference in oesophageal function tests in Chinese patients with NERD and RH. METHODS: NERD patients were selected from the digestive department, Beijing Anzhen Hospital and Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital, Capital Medical University, after upper gastrointestinal endoscope, high-resolution manometry and impedance (HRiM), and MII/pH examinations between 2014 and 2016...
May 23, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526499/gastric-conduit-revision-postesophagectomy-management-for-a-rare-complication
#20
Jessica Yu Rove, A Sasha Krupnick, Frank A Baciewicz, Bryan F Meyers
OBJECTIVE: Severe postesophagectomy gastric conduit dysfunction refractory to standard endoscopic intervention is rare, with few published reports discussing timing, technique, or results of reoperation. This case series examines assessment and management of severe conduit dysfunction and details techniques for conduit revision. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent esophagectomy between September 2008 and October 2015 and studied patients who underwent conduit revision...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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