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Medical school health policy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329603/job-recruitment
#1
University Of California Davis School Of Medicine
The University of California Davis, School of Medicine, Department of Dermatology is recruiting for a full-time position at the Associate or Full Professor level in the Clinical X Series or Health Sciences Clinical Professor (HSCP) Series. The successful candidate is nominated to be the holder of the Frederick G. Novy, Jr. M.D Endowed Professorship. Appointees to the ClinX series are expected to conduct independent research. Both series require significant participation in teaching and University/public service...
October 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285565/what-makes-a-medical-school-socially-accountable-in-latin-america-a-report-from-a-latin-american-panel-based-on-a-qualitative-approach
#2
Klaus Püschel, Arnoldo Riquelme, Philippa Moore, Viviana Rojas, Andrés Perry, Jaime C Sapag
BACKGROUND: Latin America is a region with huge health inequalities and a tremendous growth in the number of medical schools during the last decades. The role of the medical schools in reducing health inequality has not been systematically explored. METHODS: A qualitative framework method was used to explore the meaning, barriers, and facilitators of the concept of the social accountability of medical schools in Latin America. Twenty nine Latin American academic leaders from seven countries participated in an expert panel discussion...
March 11, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283121/health-care-expenditures-associated-with-pollution-exploratory-methods-and-findings
#3
Alexander S Preker, Olusoji O Adeyi, Marisa Gil Lapetra, Diane-Charlotte Simon, Eric Keuffel
BACKGROUND: The research done for this paper is part of the background analysis undertaken to support the work of the Global Commission on Pollution, Health and Development, an initiative of The Lancet, the Global Alliance on Health and Pollution, and the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai. The paper expands on areas where the current literature has gaps in knowledge related to the health care cost of pollution. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to generate an initial estimate of total tangible health care expenditure attributable to man-made pollution affecting air, soil and water...
September 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274389/human-papillomavirus-hpv-vaccine-initiation-in-minority-americans
#4
P De, H Budhwani
OBJECTIVES: Transmission of the human papillomavirus (HPV) is a significant public health concern. HPV is preventable through a series of vaccinations; however, knowledge gaps exist as to which groups are least likely to initiate vaccination. Considering this gap, the aim of this study is to examine HPV vaccine initiation rates in racial minorities, comparing foreign-born individuals to their American-born peers. STUDY DESIGN: Population-based data from the 2013 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), a repeated large-scale household interview survey of a statistically representative sample of the United States civilian non-institutionalized population, were applied...
March 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257434/determinants-of-geographic-inequalities-in-hpv-vaccination-in-the-most-populated-region-of-france
#5
Delphine Héquet, Roman Rouzier
BACKGROUND: In France, there are recommendations and reimbursements for human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination but no HPV vaccination programs. Therefore, vaccination is largely determined by parents' initiative, which can lead to inequalities. The objective of this study was to determine the factors associated with poorer vaccination coverage rates in the most populated region of France. METHODS: The data of this study were obtained from the National Health Insurance between 2011 and 2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245890/one-hundred-years-of-neglect-in-paediatric-schistosomiasis
#6
Amaya L Bustinduy, Stephen Wright, Elizabeth C Joekes, Narcis B Kabatereine, Jutta Reinhard-Rupp, Charles H King, J Russell Stothard
Early in the history of schistosomiasis research, children under 5 years of age were known to be infected. Although this problem was recognized over 100 years ago, insufficient action has been taken to address this issue. Under current policy, such infected children only receive their first antiparasitic treatment (praziquantel - PZQ) upon entry into primary school as current mass drug administration programmes typically target school-aged children. For many infected children, they will wait up to 6 years before receiving their first medication and significant schistosomiasis-related morbidity may have already established...
March 1, 2017: Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222726/treatment-delays-among-women-with-breast-cancer-in-a-low-socio-economic-status-region-in-brazil
#7
Naidhia Alves Soares Ferreira, Sionara Melo Figueiredo de Carvalho, Vitor Engrácia Valenti, Italla Maria Pinheiro Bezerra, Hermes Melo Teixeira Batista, Luiz Carlos de Abreu, Fernando Adami, Leandro Luongo de Matos
BACKGROUND: Considering the inequalities and the areas of low socioeconomic status in Brazil, access to health services is a challenge and the delay between diagnosis and treatment represents an important factor of worse prognosis in patients with breast cancer. Herein, we describe the clinical and epidemiological profiles of women with breast cancer and evaluate their access to health services, as well as treatment delays, at a reference centre of the Cariri region, Ceará, Brazil. METHODS: This is a retrospective study that included 473 women treated with breast cancer between 2009 and 2011 at the Oncology Centre of the Cariri...
February 21, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211039/cutaneous-squamous-cell-carcinoma-an-epidemiological-review
#8
REVIEW
A C Green, C M Olsen
Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is a common cancer in white populations and its disease burden is often substantially underestimated. SCC occurs more often in men than women and increases dramatically with age; those affected often develop multiple primaries over time, which increases the burden. The main external cause is solar ultraviolet radiation (UVR), with immunosuppression being the other established risk factor, shown by the high SCC rates in organ transplant recipients. Sunbed use and certain genetic disorders and medical conditions are also associated with SCC, while associations with human papillomavirus infection and high bodyweight are not established...
February 16, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160764/vaccination-attitudes-and-practices-of-integrative-medicine-physicians
#9
Laura Jean Buehning, Kenneth Michael Peddecord
Context • The growth of Internet-based information and social networking has increased the accessibility and importance of antivaccine information. That information has led to a questioning of vaccination schedules and policies by many individuals. Although the attitudes of complementary and alternative practitioners, such as homeopaths and chiropractic students, toward vaccination have been assessed, despite the growth of integrative medicine, no assessment of the attitudes and practices regarding vaccination of these physicians has been performed...
January 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121649/borrow-or-serve-an-economic-analysis-of-options-for-financing-a-medical-school-education
#10
Mircea I Marcu, Arthur L Kellermann, Christine Hunter, Jerri Curtis, Charles Rice, Gail R Wilensky
PURPOSE: To understand the long-term economic implications of key pathways for financing a medical school education. METHOD: The authors calculated the net present value (NPV) of cash flow over a 30-year career for a 2013 matriculant associated with (1) self-financing, (2) federally guaranteed loans, (3) the Public Service Loan Forgiveness program, (4) the National Health Service Corps, (5) the Armed Forces Health Professions Scholarship Program, and (6) matriculation at the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences...
January 24, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107154/taking-up-the-mantle-of-human-trafficking-education-who-should-be-responsible
#11
Carrie A Bohnert, Aaron W Calhoun, Olivia F Mittel
Human trafficking is a global human rights issue with long-range health consequences about which physicians are largely uneducated. Medical schools are uniquely positioned to address this gap. All future physicians, regardless of specialty, must learn to identify victims and refer them to trauma-informed treatment. Research and advocacy are needed to address the lack of rigorously evaluated curricula in this area, impact policy, and improve services for victims of this heinous form of exploitation.
January 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076644/main-mental-disorders-in-crack-cocaine-users-treated-at-psychosocial-care-centers-for-alcohol-and-drugs-in-the-city-of-recife-brazil
#12
Antonio Gomes de Castro, Diego César Nunes da Silva, Magda da Silva Figueiroa
Introduction: Brazil's Northeast region has the highest crack-cocaine consumption in the country. Crack-cocaine has more intense effects than cocaine powder and can cause greater chemical dependence. Psychosocial Care Centers for Alcohol and Drugs (CAPSad) are public health services that provide treatment for drug dependence. It is common for drug users, and particularly crack-cocaine users, to develop mental disorders. Objective: To evaluate the most common mental disorders in crack-cocaine dependents in treatment at CAPSad in the city of Recife, Brazil...
October 2016: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068362/conflict-of-interest-policies-at-french-medical-schools-starting-from-the-bottom
#13
Paul Scheffer, Christian Guy-Coichard, David Outh-Gauer, Zoéline Calet-Froissart, Mathilde Boursier, Barbara Mintzes, Jean-Sébastien Borde
BACKGROUND: Medical faculties have a role in ensuring that their students are protected from undue commercial influence during their training, and are educated about professional-industry interactions. In North America, many medical faculties have introduced more stringent conflict of interest (COI) policies during the last decade. We asked whether similar steps had been taken in France. We hypothesized that such policies may have been introduced following a 2009-2010 drug safety scandal (benfluorex, Mediator) in which COIs in medicine received prominent press attention...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052168/a-review-of-tenure-for-black-latino-and-native-american-faculty-in-academic-medicine
#14
Zedeena E Fisher, José E Rodríguez, Kendall M Campbell
OBJECTIVES: Tenure policies in US medical schools have been under scrutiny for decades while black/African American, Latino, and Native American faculty continue to be underrepresented in medicine. As medical institutions seek to improve diversity, tenure continues to be a major retention tool. We undertook a systematic review of the literature to investigate the role that tenure plays in the recruitment, retention, and advancement of underrepresented minorities in medicine (URMM) faculty in academic medicine...
January 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050999/retaining-health-workforce-in-rural-and-underserved-areas-of-india-what-works-and-what-doesn-t-a-critical-interpretative-synthesis
#15
REVIEW
Sonu Goel, Federica Angeli, Nidhi Bhatnagar, Neetu Singla, Manoj Grover, Hans Maarse
BACKGROUND: Human resource for health is critical in quality healthcare delivery. India, with a large rural population (68.8%), needs to urgently bridge the gaps in health workforce deployment between urban and rural areas. METHODS: We did a critical interpretative synthesis of the existing literature by using a predefined selection criteria to assess relevant manuscripts to identify the reasons for retaining the health workforce in rural and underserved areas. We discuss different strategies for retention of health workforce in rural areas on the basis of four major retention interventions, viz...
July 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995225/oral-health-status-and-oral-health-care-model-in-china
#16
Jian Liu, Shan Shan Zhang, Shu Guo Zheng, Tao Xu, Yan Si
OBJECTIVE: To review the current oral health status and oral health care models in China in an effort to provide recommendations for the future implementation of these models. METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted. The Medline, EMBASE, CNKI and Wanfang databases were searched for English and Chinese articles reporting relevant data from 1949 to the present. Data from three national oral health epidemiology surveys, Chinese government reports and national statistics yearbooks from 2011 to 2015 were also included...
2016: Chinese Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968916/intention-to-have-a-second-child-among-chinese-women-one-year-after-the-implementation-of-selective-two-child-policy-a-cross-sectional-survey
#17
Xianglong Xu, Hanxiao Zuo, Yunshuang Rao, Lei Zhang, Lian Lian Wang, Yong Zhao
BACKGROUND: The so-called selective two-child policy was introduced on December, 27, 2015 in China to allow Chinese couples nationwide to have up to two children if either parent is an only child. This study aims to explore Chinese women's intention to have a second child. METHODS: We surveyed women from 16 hospitals in five Chinese provinces from June 1 to August 31, 2015. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the sociodemographic factors related to seven key reasons for entering second pregnancy...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968890/patient-physician-trust-in-china-a-workshop-summary
#18
Cheris S C Chan, Yu Cheng, Yali Cong, Zhizheng Du, Shanlian Hu, Amanda Kerrigan, Arthur Kleinman, Mengfeng Li, Benjamin Liebman, Yonghui Ma, Jing-Bao Nie, Daniel F C Tsai, Duujian Tsai, Joseph D Tucker, Lijie Wang, Bonnie Wong, William C W Wong, Zeping Xiao, Juncai Xu, Yunxiang Yan, Yang Yang, Daqing Zhang, Mingjie Zhao, Jianfeng Zhu, Wei Zhu
BACKGROUND: Patient-physician mistrust has become deeply embedded in medical clinics within a wide variety of settings, including many in China. The purpose of this research was to develop a series of actionable policy recommendations to rebuild patient-physician trust in China. METHODS: Our interdisciplinary group included experts in medicine, public health, philosophy, ethics, law, regulation, China studies, anthropology, sociology, and communications. Recommendations were identified by team members and presented at a two-day workshop at the Harvard Center, Shanghai, China...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968832/factors-associated-with-intention-to-have-caesarean-delivery-in-pregnant-women-in-china-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#19
Lianlian Wang, Xianglong Xu, Philip Baker, Chao Tong, Lei Zhang, Hongbo Qi, Yong Zhao
BACKGROUND: The proportion of caesarean deliveries significantly increased from 2·0% in 1978--1985 to 36·6% in 2006-2010 among Chinese pregnant women. The rate reached 55% in 2014. In this study we explored the basic demographic characteristics and preferred method of delivery of pregnant women and analysed the associated social and psychological factors. METHOD: We did a cross-sectional analysis among pregnant women during June to August, 2015, in 16 hospitals from five provinces of mainland China...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940689/school-entry-requirements-and-coverage-of-nontargeted-adolescent-vaccines
#20
Jennifer L Moss, Paul L Reiter, Young K Truong, Barbara K Rimer, Noel T Brewer
BACKGROUND: Low human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination coverage is an urgent public health problem requiring action. To identify policy remedies to suboptimal HPV vaccination, we assessed the relationship between states' school entry requirements and adolescent vaccination. METHODS: We gathered data on states' school entry requirements for adolescent vaccination (tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis [Tdap] booster; meningococcal; and HPV) from 2007 to 2012 from Immunization Action Coalition...
December 2016: Pediatrics
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