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Medical school health policy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138613/medical-student-involvement-in-health-policy-roles
#1
Bassit Malik, Utkarsh Ojha, Hassan Khan, Farzana Begum, Harun Khan, Qasim Malik
Objectives: A teaching curriculum in health policy may be well established in medical school; however, an emphasis on applying taught principles via participation in health policy roles is less defined. We undertook a study to explore medical student participation in health policy roles. Design and setting: An anonymous online survey via convenience sampling was conducted in the UK. Participants: A total of 112 students from six medical schools participated in the study...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121991/medical-students-as-health-coaches-implementation-of-a-student-initiated-lifestyle-medicine-curriculum
#2
Rani Polak, Adi Finkelstein, Tom Axelrod, Marie Dacey, Matan Cohen, Dennis Muscato, Avi Shariv, Naama W Constantini, Mayer Brezis
BACKGROUND: By 2020, the World Health Organization predicts that two-thirds of all diseases worldwide will be the result of lifestyle choices. Physicians often do not counsel patients about healthy behaviors, and lack of training has been identified as one of the barriers. Between 2010 and 2014, Hebrew University developed and implemented a 58-h Lifestyle Medicine curriculum spanning five of the 6 years of medical school. Content includes nutrition, exercise, smoking cessation, and behavior change, as well as health coaching practice with friends/relatives (preclinical years) and patients (clinical years)...
November 10, 2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105237/scientism-conflicts-of-interest-and-the-marginalization-of-ethics-in-medical-education
#3
Christopher Mayes, Jane Williams, Ian Kerridge, Wendy Lipworth
AIM: This paper reports on the findings from 6 focus groups conducted with Australian medical students. The focus groups sought students' perspectives on how the influence of commercial interests on medical practice and education could be managed. METHOD: We conducted 6 focus groups with medical students in New South Wales, Australia. Participants were recruited via student-run medical society and faculty e-mail lists. Forty-nine students from 6 medical schools in New South Wales participated...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102557/textual-analysis-of-general-surgery-residency-personal-statements-topics-and-gender-differences
#4
Laura Ostapenko, Cheryl Schonhardt-Bailey, Jessica Walling Sublette, Douglas S Smink, Nora Y Osman
PURPOSE: Applicants to US general surgery residency training programs submit standardized applications. Applicants use the personal statement to express their individual rationale for a career in surgery. Our research explores common topics and gender differences within the personal statements of general surgery applicants. METHODS: We analyzed the electronic residency application service personal statements of 578 applicants (containing 3,82,405 words) from Liaison Committee on Medical Education-accredited medical schools to a single ACGME-accredited general surgery program using an automated textual analysis program to identify common topics and gender differences...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099104/la-salud-durante-el-cardenismo-1934-1940
#5
Martha Eugenia Rodríguez
The present symposium, Health during the Cardenismo (1934-1940), consist of four studies: Medical sanitary aspects in Mexico by Martha Eugenia Rodríguez; Campaigns against diseases by Carlos Viesca Treviño; Hospitals during Cardenism by Guillermo Fajardo Ortiz; and Military medicine in Mexico by Antonio Moreno Guzmán. Through them is given an integral vision of the state of health and illness during the administration of General Lázaro Cárdenas del Río, the first sexennial presidential government of the twentieth century...
2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084362/the-impact-of-conventional-and-nonconventional-inhalants-on-children-and-adolescents
#6
Samya Z Nasr, Ali Ibrahim Nasrallah, Mariam Abdulghani, Stuart C Sweet
AIM: Inhalant abuse in the adolescent population is a growing concern for care givers, communities, physicians, and medical providers. The aim of this article is to provide a review of the literature about this new challenge. In addition, it raises awareness about recent health policy rulings. METHODS: Review of the literature was done. RESULTS: In this review article, the prevalence of different modes of inhalant use and abuse in children and young adults and their potential health implications will be examined: Cigarettes, ENDS (E Cigarettes), Hookah, Marijuana, and Huffing...
October 30, 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080482/the-impact-of-developmental-coordination-disorder-on-educational-achievement-in-secondary-school
#7
Ian Harrowell, Linda Hollén, Raghu Lingam, Alan Emond
BACKGROUND: Developmental coordination disorder (DCD) is a common developmental disorder but its long term impact on health and education are poorly understood. AIM: To assess the impact of DCD diagnosed at 7 years, and co-occurring developmental difficulties, on educational achievement at 16 years. METHODS: A prospective cohort study using data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC). National General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE) exam results and Special Educational Needs provision were compared for adolescents with DCD (n=284) and controls (n=5425)...
October 25, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072119/prevalence-perceptions-and-consequences-of-substance-use-in-medical-students
#8
Erin E Ayala, Destiny Roseman, Jeffrey S Winseman, Hyacinth R C Mason
BACKGROUND: Research regarding the health and wellness of medical students has led to ongoing concerns regarding patterns of alcohol and drug use that take place during medical education. Such research, however, is typically limited to single-institution studies or has been conducted over 25 years ago. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the investigation was to assess the prevalence and consequences of medical student alcohol and drug use and students' perceptions of their medical school's substance-use policies...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068816/concerns-and-responses-for-integrating-health-systems-science-into-medical-education
#9
Jed D Gonzalo, Kelly J Caverzagie, Richard E Hawkins, Luan Lawson, Daniel R Wolpaw, Anna Chang
With the aim of improving the health of individuals and populations, medical schools are transforming curricula to ensure physician competence encompasses health systems science (HSS), which includes population health, health policy, high-value care, interprofessional teamwork, leadership, quality improvement, and patient safety. Large-scale, meaningful integration remains limited, however, and a major challenge in HSS curricular transformation efforts relates to the receptivity and engagement of students, educators, clinicians, scientists, and health system leaders...
October 24, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050656/promoting-policy-development-through-community-participatory-approaches-to-health-promotion-the-philadelphia-ujima-experience
#10
Candace Robertson-James, Lidyvez Sawyer, Ana Núñez, Bernadette Campoli, Diana Robertson, Amanda DeVilliers, Sharon Congleton, Stephen Hayes, Stephanie Alexander
BACKGROUND: The Philadelphia Ujima Coalition for a Healthier Community (Philadelphia Ujima) promotes health improvement of girls, women, and their families using a gender framework and community-based participatory research approach to addressing gender-based disparities. Institutional policies developed through community-based participatory research approaches are integral to sustaining gender-integrated health-promotion programs and necessary for reducing gender health inequities. This paper describes the results of a policy analysis of the Philadelphia Ujima coalition partner sites and highlights two case studies...
October 17, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041926/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-intestinal-parasites-among-food-handlers-of-food-and-drinking-establishments-in-aksum-town-northern-ethiopia
#11
Dejen Gezehegn, Mebrahtu Abay, Desalegn Tetemke, Hiwet Zelalem, Hafte Teklay, Zeray Baraki, Girmay Medhin
BACKGROUND: Various epidemiological studies indicate that the prevalence of intestinal parasites is high in developing countries and those parasites are major public health importance in Sub-Saharan Africa. Their distribution is mainly associated with poor personal hygiene, environmental sanitation and lack of access to clean water. This study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infection and identify factors associated with intestinal parasitic infection among food handlers in the Aksum Town of Tigray Regional State, North Ethiopia...
October 17, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026060/unmet-needs-in-health-training-among-nurses-in-rural-chinese-township-health-centers-a-cross-sectional-hospital-based-study
#12
Yan Mo, Guijie Hu, Yanhua Yi, Yanping Ying, Huiqiao Huang, Zhongxian Huang, Jiafeng Lin
Purpose: Maintaining a sufficient and competent rural nursing workforce is important in Chinese health delivery system. However, few studies have involved in the health training status and needs assessment of rural Chinese nurses in great transformations of health policy. This study is to explore the current health training status and to ascertain needs perceived by nurses working in rural Chinese township health centers (THCs). Methods: A cross-sectional survey using a self-administered structured questionnaire was conducted to 240 THC nurses in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous region, China from March 2014 to August 2014...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986035/estimating-the-full-public-health-value-of-vaccination
#13
Bradford D Gessner, David Kaslow, Jacques Louis, Kathleen Neuzil, Katherine L O'Brien, Valentina Picot, Tikki Pang, Umesh D Parashar, Mitra Saadatian-Elahi, Christopher B Nelson
There is an enhanced focus on considering the full public health value (FPHV) of vaccination when setting priorities, making regulatory decisions and establishing implementation policy for public health activities. Historically, a therapeutic paradigm has been applied to the evaluation of prophylactic vaccines and focuses on an individual benefit-risk assessment in prospective and individually-randomized phase III trials to assess safety and efficacy against etiologically-confirmed clinical outcomes. By contrast, a public health paradigm considers the population impact and encompasses measures of community benefits against a range of outcomes...
October 3, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978292/factors-associated-with-the-take-up-of-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-amongst-learners-in-rural-kwazulu-natal
#14
Gavin George, Kaymarlin Govender, Sean Beckett, Carl Montague, Janet Frohlich
Voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) is an integral part of South Africa's HIV prevention programme. School-going males, in particular, are considered a cost-effective target population. However, ambitious policy targets have not been achieved due to the plateau in demand for VMMC. This study documents the factors influencing demand for VMMC amongst school-going males. Data were collected from 750 learners (251 circumcised and 499 uncircumcised) from 42 secondary schools in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa...
September 2017: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963299/development-of-a-physical-activity-monitoring-tool-for-thai-medical-schools-a-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-study
#15
Apichai Wattanapisit, Surasak Vijitpongjinda, Udomsak Saengow, Waluka Amaek, Sanhapan Thanamee, Prachyapan Petchuay
INTRODUCTION: Physical activity (PA) is important in promoting health, as well as in the treatment and prevention of diseases. However, insufficient PA is still a global health problem and it is also a problem in medical schools. PA training in medical curricula is still sparse or non-existent. There is a need for a comprehensive understanding of the extent of PA in medical schools through several indicators, including people, places and policies. This study includes a survey of the PA prevalence in a medical school and development of a tool, the Medical School Physical Activity Report Card (MSPARC), which will contain concise and understandable infographics and information for exploring, monitoring and reporting information relating to PA prevalence...
September 27, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953562/meeting-the-late-career-needs-of-faculty-transitioning-through-retirement-one-institution-s-approach
#16
Joanna M Cain, Marianne E Felice, Judith K Ockene, Robert J Milner, John L Congdon, Stephen Tosi, Luanne E Thorndyke
PROBLEM: Medical school faculty are aging, but few academic health centers are adequately prepared with policies, programs, and resources (PPR) to assist late-career faculty. The authors sought to examine cultural barriers to successful retirement and create alignment between individual and institutional needs and tasks through PPR that embrace the contributions of senior faculty while enabling retirement transitions at the University of Massachusetts Medical School, 2013-2017. APPROACH: Faculty 50 or older were surveyed, programs at other institutions and from the literature (multiple fields) were reviewed, and senior faculty and leaders, including retired faculty, were engaged to develop and implement PPR...
September 26, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951881/state-level-implementation-of-health-and-safety-policies-to-prevent-sudden-death-and-catastrophic-injuries-within-secondary-school-athletics
#17
William M Adams, Samantha E Scarneo, Douglas J Casa
BACKGROUND: Sudden death and catastrophic injuries during sport can be attenuated with the implementation of evidence-based health and safety policies. However, the extent of the implementation of these policies within secondary school athletics is unknown. PURPOSE: To provide an assessment of the implementation of health and safety policies pertaining to the leading causes of sudden death and catastrophic injuries in sport within secondary school athletics in the United States...
September 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947607/lgbtq-bullying-translating-research-to-action-in-pediatrics
#18
Valerie A Earnshaw, Sari L Reisner, Jaana Juvonen, Mark L Hatzenbuehler, Jeff Perrotti, Mark A Schuster
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) youth experience significant bullying that undermines their mental and physical health. National health organizations have called for the development of innovative strategies to address LGBTQ bullying. Pediatricians and other clinicians, medical and public health students, interdisciplinary researchers, government officials, school leaders, community members, parents, and youth from around the country came together at a national symposium entitled "LGBTQ Bullying: Translating Research to Action to Improve the Health of All Youth" in May 2016 to generate strategies to prevent LGBTQ bullying and meet the needs of LGBTQ youth experiencing bullying...
October 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946918/a-model-for-a-drug-distribution-system-in-remote-australia-as-a-social-determinant-of-health-using-event-structure-analysis
#19
John P Rovers, Michelle D Mages
BACKGROUND: The social determinants of health include the health systems under which people live and utilize health services. One social determinant, for which pharmacists are responsible, is designing drug distribution systems that ensure patients have safe and convenient access to medications. This is critical for settings with poor access to health care. Rural and remote Australia is one example of a setting where the pharmacy profession, schools of pharmacy, and regulatory agencies require pharmacists to assure medication access...
September 25, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942437/assessment-of-health-literacy-with-the-newest-vital-sign-and-its-correlation-with-body-mass-index-in-female-adolescent-students
#20
Samira Olyani, Hadi Tehrani, Habibullah Esmaily, Mohammadreza Mohammadzadeh Rezaii, Mohammad Vahedian-Shahroodi
Background One of the significant outcomes of health education is health literacy (HL), which should be expanded to improve health promotion. Objective The aim of this study was to assess HL and its relationship with Body Mass Index (BMI) in female adolescent students. Subjects This study was conducted on 235 female students (aged 13-15 years) which were selected with cluster sampling. Methods For assessing HL, the Newest Vital Sign (NVS) was used and BMI Z-score was evaluated following the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines...
September 25, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
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