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Medical school health policy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535318/allopathic-and-osteopathic-medicine-unify-gme-accreditation-a-historic-convergence
#1
Abdul-Kareem H Ahmed, Peter F Schnatz, Eli Y Adashi
In 1968, the American Medical Association resolved to accept qualified graduates of osteopathic medical schools into its accredited Graduate Medical Education (GME) programs. An equally momentous decision was arrived at in 2014 when the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME), the American Osteopathic Association (AOA), and the American Association of Colleges of Osteopathic Medicine (AACOM) resolved to institute a single unified GME accreditation system by July 1, 2020. As envisioned, the unified accreditation system will all but assure system-wide consistency of purpose and practice in anticipation of the Next Accreditation System (NAS) of the ACGME...
May 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531308/challenges-of-research-recruitment-in-a-university-setting-in-england
#2
Claudia Vadeboncoeur, Charlie Foster, Nick Townsend
The recruitment is an integral part of most research projects in medical sciences involving human participants. In health promotion research, there is increasing work on the impact of environments. Settings represent environments such as schools where social, physical and psychological development unfolds. In this study, we investigated weight gain in students within a university setting. Barriers to access and recruitment of university students within a specific setting, in the context of health research are discussed...
May 20, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530527/health-care-costs-associated-with-addition-titration-and-switching-antihypertensive-medications-after-first-line-treatment-results-from-a-commercially-insured-sample
#3
Kalyani B Sonawane Deshmukh, Jingjing Qian, Kimberly B Garza, Bradley M Wright, Peng Zeng, Cecilia M Ganduglia Cazaban, Richard A Hansen
BACKGROUND: Treatment modifications are necessary for addressing issues related to efficacy and tolerance of first-line monotherapy, but they increase the economic burden on patients and their health plans. Understanding the differences in costs between alternative treatment modification strategies, if any, can serve as a guideline for clinical decision making and for designing cost-containment strategies. OBJECTIVE: To compare the health care utilization costs between (a) addition (i...
June 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525319/preparation-for-sexual-and-reproductive-self-care-in-iranian-adolescent-girls-a-qualitative-study
#4
Zainab Alimoradi, Nourossadat Kariman, Fazlollah Ahmadi, Masoumeh Simbar
Background Adolescence is one of the most important stages in every individual's life. Pubertal changes and acquiring reproduction capability require adolescents to perform special health care processes. Also the possibility of involvement in high-risk sexual behaviors endangers adolescent girls' sexual and reproductive health. Objective Increase and deepen the understanding and knowledge of the factors affecting Iranian adolescent girls' readiness to take care of their sexual and reproductive health. Materials and methods The present qualitative study was conducted using conventional content analysis method...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512075/public-trust-in-vaccination-an-analytical-framework
#5
Vijayaprasad Gopichandran
While vaccination is one of the most successful public health interventions, there has always been a parallel movement against vaccines. Apart from scientific factors, the uptake of vaccinations is influenced by historical, political, sociocultural and economic factors. In India, the health system is struggling with logistical weaknesses in taking vaccination to the remotest corners; while on the other hand, some people in places where vaccination is available resist it. Unwillingness to be vaccinated is a growing problem in the developed world...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489134/dialectics-of-a-medical-provision-policy-in-priority-areas-in-brazil
#6
César Augusto Trinta Weber
Introduction: The people living in vulnerable areas that are difficult to access in Brazil represent a portion of the population that has proven very sensitive to lack of medical and health services. The government, seeking to solve the situation urgently, implemented the More Doctors Program [Programa Mais Médicos, in the Portuguese original] in 2013. Objective: To discuss the More Doctors Program, with the purpose of contributing to the debate on the provision of medical policies in Brazil...
March 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465649/establishing-a-multicenter-longitudinal-clinical-cohort-study-in-ethiopia-advanced-clinical-monitoring-of-antiretroviral-treatment-project
#7
Alula M Teklu, Eyuel Tsegaye, Daniel Fekade, Abraham Hailemelak, William Weiss, Elham Hassen, Nicole Simmons, Solomon Zewdu, Yifru Berhan, Assefa Getachew, Tesfalem Hagos, Achamyeleh Alebachew, Melake Damena, Yohannes Sitotaw, Yibeltal Assefa, Girmay Medhin, Andrea Ruff
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this paper is to describe the establishment of the Advanced Clinical Monitoring of ART Project in Ethiopia for monitoring and evaluation of the longitudinal effectiveness of the ART program and to show the opportunities it presents. This cohort was established in response to the 2005 call by WHO for establishing additional mechanisms for stronger monitoring of ART and the need for creating the platform to generate evidence to guide the care given for the ever increasing number of patients on ART in Ethiopia...
February 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463852/substance-use-among-nurses-and-nursing-students-a-joint-position-statement-of-the-emergency-nurses-association-and-the-international-nurses-society-on-addictions
#8
Stephen Strobbe, Melanie Crowley
Alcohol and other substance use by nurses potentially places patients, the public, and nurses themselves at risk for serious injury or death. Nursing students are also at risk for problems related to substance use. When viewed and treated as a chronic medical illness, treatment outcomes for substance use disorders are comparable with those of other diseases and can result in lasting benefits. Professional monitoring programs that employ an alternative-to-discipline approach have been shown to be effective in the treatment of health professionals with substance use disorders and are considered a standard for recovery, with high rates of completion and return to practice...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Addictions Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463443/implementing-a-nutrition-and-physical-activity-curriculum-in-head-start-through-an-academic-community-partnership
#9
Whitney E Zahnd, Tracey Smith, Susan J Ryherd, Melissa Cleer, Valerie Rogers, David E Steward
BACKGROUND: Schools may be an effective avenue for interventions that prevent childhood obesity. I am Moving I am Learning/Choosy Kids(©) (IMIL/CK) is a curriculum recommended by Head Start (HS) for education in nutrition, physical activity, and healthy lifestyle habits. METHODS: We formed an academic-community partnership (ACP), the Springfield Collaborative for Active Child Health, to promote prevention of childhood obesity, in part, to implement the IMIL/CK curriculum in local HS sites...
June 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437472/socioeconomic-status-and-type-2-diabetes-complications-among-young-adult-patients-in-japan
#10
Mitsuhiko Funakoshi, Yasushi Azami, Hisashi Matsumoto, Akemi Ikota, Koichi Ito, Hisashi Okimoto, Nobuaki Shimizu, Fumihiro Tsujimura, Hiroshi Fukuda, Chozi Miyagi, Sayaka Osawa, Ryo Osawa, Jiro Miura
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and complications of type 2 diabetes among young adults in Japan. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: Outpatient wards of 96 member hospitals and clinics of the Japan Federation of Democratic Medical Institutions. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 782 outpatients with type 2 diabetes (525 males, 257 females), aged 20-40 years as of March 31, 2012. After excluding 110 participants whose retinopathy diagnosis was in question, 672 participants were analyzed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431532/residents-satisfaction-with-primary-medical-and-health-services-in-western-china
#11
Weinan Dong, Qingyu Zhang, Chunsheng Yan, Wanling Fu, Linlin Xu
BACKGROUND: Currently, China is in the process of medical and health care reform, and the establishment of primary medical and health services covering urban and rural residents is an important aspect of this process. Studying the satisfaction of residents of underdeveloped areas with their primary medical and health services and identifying the factors that can increase the satisfaction of different groups may improve patient compliance and ultimately improve health. Moreover, such research may provide a reference for the development of medical and health undertakings in similarly underdeveloped areas...
April 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426677/information-ranks-highest-expectations-of-female-adolescents-with-a-rare-genital-malformation-towards-health-care-services
#12
Elisabeth Simoes, Alexander N Sokolov, Andrea Kronenthaler, Hanna Hiltner, Norbert Schaeffeler, Katharina Rall, Esther Ueding, Monika A Rieger, Anke Wagner, Leonie S Poesch, Marie-Christin Baur, Judith Kittel, Sara Y Brucker
BACKGROUND: Access to highly specialized health care services and support to meet the patient's specific needs is critical for health outcome, especially during age-related transitions within the health care system such as with adolescents entering adult medicine. Being affected by an orphan disease complicates the situation in several important respects. Long distances to dedicated institutions and scarcity of knowledge, even among medical doctors, may present major obstacles for proper access to health care services and health chances...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409171/determinants-of-social-accountability-in-iranian-nursing-and-midwifery-schools-a-delphi-study
#13
Amir Reza Salehmoghaddam, Seyed Reza Mazloom, Mohammad Sharafkhani, Hassan Gholami, Amir Emami Zeydi, Fatemeh Khorashadizadeh, Ali Emadzadeh
BACKGROUND: Revising the medical education programs to meet the needs of society has become both a necessity and an important priority due to the considerable increase of population, changing patterns of diseases, and new health priorities. While this necessity has been highlighted in Iran's Fifth Development Plan as well as its National 2025 Vision Plan, the determinants of social accountability have not been explained yet. This study aimed to develop determinants of social accountability in the Iranian Nursing and Midwifery Schools...
April 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402749/mental-health-concerns-and-insurance-denials-among-transgender-adolescents
#14
Leena Nahata, Gwendolyn P Quinn, Nicole M Caltabellotta, Amy C Tishelman
PURPOSE: Transgender youth are at high risk for mental health morbidities. Based on treatment guidelines, puberty blockers and gender-affirming hormone therapy should be considered to alleviate distress due to discordance between an individual's assigned sex and gender identity. The goals of this study were to examine the: (1) prevalence of mental health diagnoses, self-injurious behaviors, and school victimization and (2) rates of insurance coverage for hormone therapy, among a cohort of transgender adolescents at a large pediatric gender program, to understand access to recommended therapy...
April 12, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364372/the-latino-physician-shortage-how-the-affordable-care-act-increases-the-value-of-latino-spanish-speaking-physicians-and-what-efforts-can-increase-their-supply
#15
David A Daar, Miguel Alvarez-Estrada, Abigail E Alpert
The United States Latino population is growing at a rapid pace and is set to reach nearly 30% by 2050. The demand for culturally and linguistically competent health care is increasing in lockstep with this growth; however, the supply of doctors with skills and experience suited for this care is lagging. In particular, there is a major shortage of Latino Spanish-speaking physicians, and the gap between demand and supply is widening. The implementation of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) has increased the capacity of the US healthcare system to care for the growing Latino Spanish-speaking population, through health insurance exchanges, increased funding for safety net institutions, and efforts to improve efficiency and coordination of care, particularly with Accountable Care Organizations and the Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357195/causes-of-variability-in-prevalence-rates-of-communicable-diseases-among-secondary-school-students-in-kisumu-county-kenya
#16
David Otieno Odongo, W J Wakhungu, Omuterema Stanley
PURPOSE: To determine causes of variability in communicable disease prevalence rates among students in secondary schools to inform policy formulation in the public health sector. METHODS: A representative cluster sample size for students was estimated using Fisher et al.'s formula while schools, sub-counties and education zones were clustered and sample size was calculated based on coefficient of variation by school type. Data were collected by questionnaire, medical examination using standard procedures, and focus group discussion, and descriptive analysis was performed on the completed questions...
2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329603/job-recruitment
#17
University Of California Davis School Of Medicine
The University of California Davis, School of Medicine, Department of Dermatology is recruiting for a full-time position at the Associate or Full Professor level in the Clinical X Series or Health Sciences Clinical Professor (HSCP) Series. The successful candidate is nominated to be the holder of the Frederick G. Novy, Jr. M.D Endowed Professorship. Appointees to the ClinX series are expected to conduct independent research. Both series require significant participation in teaching and University/public service...
October 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285565/what-makes-a-medical-school-socially-accountable-in-latin-america-a-report-from-a-latin-american-panel-based-on-a-qualitative-approach
#18
Klaus Püschel, Arnoldo Riquelme, Philippa Moore, Viviana Rojas, Andrés Perry, Jaime C Sapag
BACKGROUND: Latin America is a region with huge health inequalities and a tremendous growth in the number of medical schools during the last decades. The role of the medical schools in reducing health inequality has not been systematically explored. METHODS: A qualitative framework method was used to explore the meaning, barriers, and facilitators of the concept of the social accountability of medical schools in Latin America. Twenty nine Latin American academic leaders from seven countries participated in an expert panel discussion...
April 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283121/health-care-expenditures-associated-with-pollution-exploratory-methods-and-findings
#19
Alexander S Preker, Olusoji O Adeyi, Marisa Gil Lapetra, Diane-Charlotte Simon, Eric Keuffel
BACKGROUND: The research done for this paper is part of the background analysis undertaken to support the work of the Global Commission on Pollution, Health and Development, an initiative of The Lancet, the Global Alliance on Health and Pollution, and the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai. The paper expands on areas where the current literature has gaps in knowledge related to the health care cost of pollution. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to generate an initial estimate of total tangible health care expenditure attributable to man-made pollution affecting air, soil and water...
September 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274389/human-papillomavirus-hpv-vaccine-initiation-in-minority-americans
#20
P De, H Budhwani
OBJECTIVES: Transmission of the human papillomavirus (HPV) is a significant public health concern. HPV is preventable through a series of vaccinations; however, knowledge gaps exist as to which groups are least likely to initiate vaccination. Considering this gap, the aim of this study is to examine HPV vaccine initiation rates in racial minorities, comparing foreign-born individuals to their American-born peers. STUDY DESIGN: Population-based data from the 2013 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), a repeated large-scale household interview survey of a statistically representative sample of the United States civilian non-institutionalized population, were applied...
March 2017: Public Health
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