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Undergraduate medical education health policy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622041/predictors-of-fitness-to-practise-declarations-in-uk-medical-undergraduates
#1
Lewis W Paton, Paul A Tiffin, Daniel Smith, Jon S Dowell, Lazaro M Mwandigha
BACKGROUND: Misconduct during medical school predicts subsequent fitness to practise (FtP) events in doctors, but relatively little is known about which factors are associated with such issues during undergraduate education. This study exploits the newly created UK medical education database (UKMED), with the aim of identifying predictors of conduct or health-related issues that could potentially impair FtP. The findings would have implications for policies related to both the selection and support of medical students...
April 5, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565110/white-book-on-physical-and-rehabilitation-medicine-prm-in-europe-chapter-9-education-and-continuous-professional-development-shaping-the-future-of-prm
#2
(no author information available yet)
In the context of the White Book of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (PRM), this paper deals with the education of PRM physicians in Europe. To acquire the wide field of competence needed, specialists in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine have to undergo a well organised and appropriately structured training of adequate duration. In fact they are required to develop not only medical knowledge, but also competence in patient care, specific procedural skills, and attitudes towards interpersonal relationship and communication, profound understanding of the main principles of medical ethics and public health, ability to apply policies of care and prevention for disabled people, capacity to master strategies for reintegration of disabled people into society, apply principles of quality assurance and promote a practice-based continuous professional development...
April 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552804/-evidence-based-chinese-medicine%C3%AF-theory-and-practice
#3
Jun-Hua Zhang, You-Ping Li, Bo-Li Zhang
The introduction and popularization of evidence-based medicine has opened up a new research field of clinical efficacy evaluation of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM), produced new research ideas and methods, and promoted the progress of clinical research of TCM. After about 20 years assiduous study and earnest practice, the evidence based evaluation method and technique, which conforms to the characteristics of TCM theory and practice, has been developing continuously. Evidence-based Chinese medicine (EBCM) has gradually formed and become an important branch of evidence-based medicine...
January 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538110/repeal-and-replace-a-note-of-caution-for-medical-school-curriculum-reformers
#4
Carl D Stevens
The sudden, dramatic collapse of the seven-year struggle in Congress to repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act holds important lessons for all would-be reformers, including those advocating fundamental changes in medical education. In this Invited Commentary, the author draws parallels between reform initiatives in health policy and those in medical education, highlighting that, in both settings, stakeholders rarely support "repeal" in the absence of a superior replacement, even when they view the status quo as deeply flawed...
March 13, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472128/educating-and-training-the-future-adolescent-health-workforce
#5
REVIEW
Patricia K Kokotailo, Valentina Baltag, Susan M Sawyer
Unprecedented attention is now focused on adolescents with growing appreciation of their disease burden and of the opportunities of investing in adolescent health. New investments are required to build the technical capacity for policy, programming, research, and clinical care across the world, especially in resource-poor settings where most adolescents live. Strategies to educate and train the future workforce are needed. Competency-based education and training is the standard of education in preservice (undergraduate and postgraduate) health education and medical specialty training...
May 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178949/valued-experiences-of-graduate-students-in-their-role-as-educators-in-undergraduate-training-in-ugandan-medical-schools
#6
Godfrey Zari Rukundo, Jannat Kasozi, Aluonzi Burani, Wycliff Byona, Claude Kirimuhuzya, Sarah Kiguli
BACKGROUND: In most medical schools, graduate students, sometimes referred to as graduate teaching assistants, often participate in the training of undergraduate students. In developing countries like Uganda, are typically involved in undergraduate training. However, prior to this study there were no standard guidelines for this involvement. At the same time, the views and experiences of the graduate students in their role as educators had not been documented. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore the views and experiences of graduate students about their involvement in undergraduate training in three Ugandan medical schools...
November 25, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882386/knowledge-of-medical-students-on-national-health-care-system-a-french-multicentric-survey
#7
MULTICENTER STUDY
A-L Feral-Pierssens, A-S Jannot
BACKGROUND: Education on national health care policy and costs is part of our medical curriculum explaining how our health care system works. Our aim was to measure French medical students' knowledge about national health care funding, costs and access and explore association with their educational and personal background. METHODS: We developed a web-based survey exploring knowledge on national health care funding, access and costs through 19 items and measured success score as the number of correct answers...
September 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803080/palliative-care-development-in-kyrgyzstan
#8
Aibek Mukambetov, Taalaigul Sabyrbekova, Lola Asanalieva, Ilim Sadykov, Stephen R Connor
Palliative care began in Kyrgyzstan in 2005 as a pilot home-based care program in Osh Cancer Center and was supported by a small group of nurses and one physician from Scotland. In 2010, the Soros Foundation-Kyrgyzstan and the Open Society Foundation's International Palliative Care Initiative began supporting work on palliative care policy, legislation, essential medicine availability, education, advocacy, and implementation. A Ministry of Health working group was established to lead this initiative, and technical assistance was provided by an international palliative care consultant...
February 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403659/immunizing-children-a-qualitative-analysis-of-future-parental-decision-making
#9
Hannah C Espeleta, Lana O Beasley, Leigh E Ridings, Tyler J Smith, Jennifer D Shields
Vaccinations are considered one of public health's greatest accomplishments. Despite evidence for vaccine effectiveness, uptake levels are still well below the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's guidelines. The immunization decision-making process for parents is complex and depends on factors associated with knowledge and experiences. This qualitative study sought to expand on a previous decision-making model for immunizations by examining how individuals receive vaccination information, determining the role of experience in influencing decisions, and understanding how young adults might locate vaccination information in the future...
October 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121686/at-a-crossroads-family-medicine-education-in-china
#10
Dan Wu, Tai Pong Lam
China is engaged in efforts to train 300,000 family doctors by 2020 to meet its population's health care needs. This Article discusses the family doctor shortage, compares family medicine training programs, examines the distributional challenges faced by these programs, and proposes directions for further experimentation. Despite an increasing number of family doctors, they represented only 5.6% of all doctors in 2013. Currently, three training programs run concurrently-the post-transfer training, residency training, and designated family medicine undergraduate education programs...
February 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995317/no-common-understanding-of-profession-terms-utilized-in-health-services-research-an-add-on-qualitative-study-in-the-context-of-the-qualicopc-project-in-austria
#11
Kathryn Hoffmann, Silvia Wojczewski, Diederik Aarendonk, Manfred Maier, Thomas Ernst Dorner, Jan de Maeseneer
BACKGROUND: Health services research, especially in primary care, is challenging because the systems differ widely between countries. This study aimed to explore the different understanding of the terminology used, particularly, regarding the professions nursing and medical secretaries. METHODS: The study was an add-on study to the Quality and Costs in Primary Care (QUALICOPC) project in Austria and designed as qualitative research. The qualitative phase was conducted by using semi-structured telephone interviews with general practitioners (GP)...
January 2017: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802560/outcomes-oriented-medical-training-a-critical-curricular-design-consideration-in-developing-21st-century-health-care-professionals
#12
Darrin D'Agostino, Frank J Papa
The core competencies of medical schools and residencies have initiated a change in curricular design but have been limited in their execution of systems-based practice. The introduction of milestones and entrustable professional activities has emerged to enhance the current educational paradigm. Linking public health systemic approaches with evidence-based practices focused on population-level health care will affect patients more than current non-systems-based approaches. Curricular redesign, including population health-based strategies, public health competency, health care policy, and education linking the "determinants of health" to patient care, will better prepare future physicians to practice in the emerging paradigm of health care of the future...
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580433/value-added-clinical-systems-learning-roles-for-medical-students-that-transform-education-and-health-a-guide-for-building-partnerships-between-medical-schools-and-health-systems
#13
Jed D Gonzalo, Catherine Lucey, Terry Wolpaw, Anna Chang
To ensure physician readiness for practice and leadership in changing health systems, an emerging three-pillar framework for undergraduate medical education integrates the biomedical and clinical sciences with health systems science, which includes population health, health care policy, and interprofessional teamwork. However, the partnerships between medical schools and health systems that are commonplace today use health systems as a substrate for learning. Educators need to transform the relationship between medical schools and health systems...
May 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27476064/a-study-to-investigate-the-factors-that-influence-the-prescribing-habits-of-non-consultant-hospital-doctors-in-ireland
#14
B Ramasubbu, M Heron, R Ramasubbu, P Murphy
BACKGROUND: The Health Service Executive estimates it spent just under €2 billion on medicines in 2013 following a fivefold increase in the cost of medicines over the preceding decade. With this increasing cost, it is important to understand what factors affect doctors prescribing. AIMS: To investigate the influencing factors on prescribing of non-consultant hospital doctors (NCHDs) in Irish hospitals and to provide data regarding the sources of information NCHD's use for commonly prescribed drugs...
May 2017: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27280979/moving-national-breastfeeding-policies-into-practice-a-plea-to-integrate-lactation-education-and-training-into-nutrition-and-dietetics-programs-in-the-united-states
#15
Melissa Ann Theurich, Megan Elizabeth McCool
In 2011, the Surgeon General's Call to Action to Support Breastfeeding called on all health professional organizations, medical schools, and credentialing boards to establish and incorporate minimum lactation education and training requirements into their credentialing, licensing, and certification processes and to include breastfeeding education in undergraduate and graduate education and training programs. Given the commonalities between the fields of nutrition and breastfeeding, it has been proposed that nutrition professionals are an underutilized resource in the field of lactation management...
August 2016: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27254015/priority-areas-and-potential-solutions-for-successful-integration-and-sustainment-of-health-systems-science-in-undergraduate-medical-education
#16
Jed D Gonzalo, Elizabeth Baxley, Jeffrey Borkan, Michael Dekhtyar, Richard Hawkins, Luan Lawson, Stephanie R Starr, Susan Skochelak
Educators, policy makers, and health systems leaders are calling for significant reform of undergraduate medical education (UME) and graduate medical education (GME) programs to meet the evolving needs of the health care system. Nationally, several schools have initiated innovative curricula in both classroom and workplace learning experiences to promote education in health systems science (HSS), which includes topics such as value-based care, health system improvement, and population and public health. However, the successful implementation of HSS curricula across schools is challenged by issues of curriculum design, assessment, culture, and accreditation, among others...
January 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27049541/health-systems-science-curricula-in-undergraduate-medical-education-identifying-and-defining-a-potential-curricular-framework
#17
Jed D Gonzalo, Michael Dekhtyar, Stephanie R Starr, Jeffrey Borkan, Patrick Brunett, Tonya Fancher, Jennifer Green, Sara Jo Grethlein, Cindy Lai, Luan Lawson, Seetha Monrad, Patricia O'Sullivan, Mark D Schwartz, Susan Skochelak
PURPOSE: The authors performed a review of 30 Accelerating Change in Medical Education full grant submissions and an analysis of the health systems science (HSS)-related curricula at the 11 grant recipient schools to develop a potential comprehensive HSS curricular framework with domains and subcategories. METHOD: In phase 1, to identify domains, grant submissions were analyzed and coded using constant comparative analysis. In phase 2, a detailed review of all existing and planned syllabi and curriculum documents at the grantee schools was performed, and content in the core curricular domains was coded into subcategories...
January 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26909216/attitudes-of-saudi-arabian-undergraduate-medical-students-towards-health-research
#18
Sara M Al-Hilali, Eman Al-Kahtani, Babar Zaman, Rajiv Khandekar, Abdullah Al-Shahri, Deepak P Edward
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate attitudes, perceptions and perceived barriers towards health research among Saudi Arabian undergraduate medical students. METHODS: This cross-sectional study took place between August and October 2014 and included 520 students from five medical schools across Saudi Arabia. An anonymous online survey with 21 close-ended questions was designed to assess students' attitudes towards research, contribution to research-related activities, awareness of the importance of research, perception of available resources/opportunities for research, appreciation of medical students' research contributions and perceived barriers to research...
February 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26798456/the-global-nephrology-workforce-emerging-threats-and-potential-solutions
#19
Muhammad U Sharif, Mohamed E Elsayed, Austin G Stack
Amidst the rising tide of chronic kidney disease (CKD) burden, the global nephrology workforce has failed to expand in order to meet the growing healthcare needs of this vulnerable patient population. In truth, this shortage of nephrologists is seen in many parts of the world, including North America, Europe, Australia, New Zealand, Asia and the African continent. Moreover, expert groups on workforce planning as well as national and international professional organizations predict further reductions in the nephrology workforce over the next decade, with potentially serious implications...
February 2016: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26430508/policy-issues-related-to-educating-the-future-israeli-medical-workforce-an-international-perspective
#20
Stephen C Schoenbaum, Peter Crome, Raymond H Curry, Elliot S Gershon, Shimon M Glick, David R Katz, Ora Paltiel, Jo Shapiro
A 2014 external review of medical schools in Israel identified several issues of importance to the nation's health. This paper focuses on three inter-related policy-relevant topics: planning the physician and healthcare workforce to meet the needs of Israel's population in the 21(st) century; enhancing the coordination and efficiency of medical education across the continuum of education and training; and the financing of medical education. All three involve both education and health care delivery. The physician workforce is aging and will need to be replenished...
2015: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
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