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oppositional defiant disorder

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292624/differential-neuropsychological-functioning-between-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-with-and-without-conduct-disorder
#1
Yu-Ju Lin, Susan Shur-Fen Gau
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate neuropsychological functioning of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) with and without comorbidities of oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and/or conduct disorder (CD) and the mediation effects of the neuropsychological functions in the relationship between ADHD and ODD/CD symptoms to increase our understanding about these frequently co-occurring disorders. METHODS: Adolescents aged 11-18 years were interviewed by the Kiddie epidemiologic version of the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia to confirm their previous and current ADHD status and other psychiatric diagnoses...
March 11, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291295/-association-between-parenting-styles-and-symptoms-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#2
Esra Çöp, S Ebru Çengel Kültür, Gülser Şenses Dinç
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to study characteristics of child and mother reported parenting styles of children with Attention Deficit Hyperacitivity Disorder (ADHD) and association of parenting styles of mothers with demographic and clinical variables like ADHD symptoms, sex, age, ADHD subtype, and comorbidity. METHOD: 58 children with ADHD and 30 healthy children were included in this study. All children were assessed by The Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School Aged Children- Present and Lifetime Version...
2017: Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287828/testing-multiple-conceptualizations-of-oppositional-defiant-disorder-in-youth
#3
Thomas H Ollendick, Jordan A Booker, Sarah Ryan, Ross W Greene
Recent theories conceptualize oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) as a two-dimensional construct with angry/irritable (i.e., affective) and argumentative/defiant (i.e., behavioral) components. This view has been supported by studies of nonreferred youth but not yet examined in clinic-referred youth. In a reanalysis of data regarding children who received one of two psychosocial ODD treatments, we examined multiple conceptualizations of ODD, whether children showed improvements across these ODD dimensions, and whether main and joint effects of ODD dimension improvement predicted clinical outcome...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287826/honing-in-on-the-social-difficulties-associated-with-sluggish-cognitive-tempo-in-children-withdrawal-peer-ignoring-and-low-engagement
#4
Stephen P Becker, Annie A Garner, Leanne Tamm, Tanya N Antonini, Jeffery N Epstein
Sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) symptoms are associated with social difficulties in children, though findings are mixed and many studies have used global measures of social impairment. The present study tested the hypothesis that SCT would be uniquely associated with aspects of social functioning characterized by withdrawal and isolation, whereas attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) symptoms would be uniquely associated with aspects of social functioning characterized by inappropriate responding in social situations and active peer exclusion...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283834/risk-factors-for-comorbid-oppositional-defiant-disorder-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#5
Siri D S Noordermeer, Marjolein Luman, Wouter D Weeda, Jan K Buitelaar, Jennifer S Richards, Catharina A Hartman, Pieter J Hoekstra, Barbara Franke, Dirk J Heslenfeld, Jaap Oosterlaan
Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is highly prevalent in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Individuals with both ADHD and ODD (ADHD + ODD) show a considerably worse prognosis compared with individuals with either ADHD or ODD. Therefore, identification of risk factors for ADHD + ODD is essential and may contribute to the development of (early) preventive interventions. Participants were matched for age, gender, and ADHD-subtype (diagnostic groups), and did not differ in IQ. Predictors included pre- and perinatal risk factors (pregnancy duration, birth weight, maternal smoking during pregnancy), transgenerational factors (parental ADHD; parental warmth and criticism in diagnostic groups), and postnatal risk factors (parental socioeconomic status [SES], adverse life events, deviant peer affiliation)...
March 10, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279865/post-traumatic-stress-as-a-pathway-to-psychopathology-among-adolescents-at-high-risk-for-victimization
#6
Kelly D Cromer, Miguel T Villodas
OBJECTIVE: Victimization by violence elevates adolescents' risk for developing internalizing and externalizing psychopathology. Recent findings suggest that disruptions in developmental processes associated with post-traumatic stress (PTS) reactions may partially account for the relationship between victimization and the subsequent development of psychopathology during adolescence. The present study tested the temporal sequencing of these associations using multi-informant measurements in a large, diverse sample of adolescents at high-risk for victimization...
March 6, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278601/age-4-predictors-of-oppositional-defiant-disorder-in-early-grammar-school
#7
John V Lavigne, Fred B Bryant, Joyce Hopkins, Karen R Gouze
Our ability to predict which children will exhibit oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) at the time of entry into grammar school at age 6 lags behind our understanding of the risk factors for ODD. This study examined how well a set of multidomain risk factors for ODD assessed in 4-year-old children predicted age 6 ODD diagnostic status. Participants were a diverse sample of 796 4-year-old children (391 boys).The sample was 54% White, non-Hispanic; 16.8% African American, 20.4% Hispanic; 2.4% Asian; and 4.4% Other or mixed race...
February 26, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277151/sequenced-neurocognitive-and-behavioral-parent-training-for-the-treatment-of-adhd-in-school-age-children
#8
A Chacko, A-C V Bedard, D Marks, G Gopalan, N Feirsen, J Uderman, A Chimiklis, E Heber, M Cornwell, L Anderson, A Zwilling, M Ramon
The present study examines the potential of sequencing a neurocognitive intervention with behavioral parent training (BPT) to improve executive functions (EFs), psychiatric symptoms, and multiple indices of functional impairment in school-age children aged 7 to 11 years who have been diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Specifically, in a randomized controlled trial design, 85 children were assigned to either Cogmed Working Memory Training (CWMT) followed by an empirically supported, manualized BPT intervention, or to a placebo version of CWMT followed by the same BPT intervention...
February 23, 2017: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263622/parental-involvement-as-an-etiological-moderator-of-middle-childhood-oppositional-defiant-disorder
#9
Ishien Li, D Angus Clark, Kelly L Klump, S Alexandra Burt
The goal of this study was to investigate parental involvement as an etiologic moderator of oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) during middle childhood. Previous studies examining the influence of genetic and environmental factors on ODD have not considered whether and how these factors might vary by parental involvement. We thus conducted a series of "latent genetic by measured environmental" interaction analyses, in which measured parental involvement was allowed to moderate genetic, shared, and nonshared environmental influences on child ODD...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262156/factor-structure-of-parent-and-teacher-ratings-of-the-odd-symptoms-for-malaysian-primary-school-children
#10
Rapson Gomez
This present study used confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) to examine the applicability of one-, two- three- and second order Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) factor models, proposed in previous studies, in a group of Malaysian primary school children. These models were primarily based on parent reports. In the current study, parent and teacher ratings of the ODD symptoms were obtained for 934 children. For both groups of respondents, the findings showing some support for all models examined, with most support for a second order model with Burke et al...
February 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259860/potential-salivary-biomarkers-and-their-genetic-effects-in-a-pilot-study-of-adolescent-boys-with-externalizing-problems
#11
Nora Angyal, Jozsef Halasz, Gergely Meszaros, Judit Krisztina Kovacs, Emese Kruk, Zsofia Nemoda
AIMS: Beside the well-known stress response marker cortisol, salivary alpha-amylase is receiving increasing attention. Numerous studies have investigated the potential biomarker properties of cortisol mirroring abnormal hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis activity in connection to both internalizing and externalizing behavior problems. The other major physiological system involved in stress reactivity, the sympathetic nervous system activity can be also measured by the surrogate marker of salivary alpha-amylase...
December 2016: Neuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259732/prenatal-exposure-to-anxiolytic-and-hypnotic-medication-in-relation-to-behavioral-problems-in-childhood-a-population-based-cohort-study
#12
Maja R Radojčić, Hanan El Marroun, Branislava Miljković, Bruno H C Stricker, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Frank C Verhulst, Tonya White, Henning Tiemeier
Benzodiazepines and benzodiazepine-related medications (BBRMs) are anxiolytics and hypnotics acting on γ-amino butyric acid (GABA)A receptors. BBRMs are assumed to have a low potential for major congenital malformations, but research on more subtle and protracted developing symptoms of these medications is lacking. Therefore, we prospectively investigated the association between BBRM use in pregnancy and long-term effects on child behavior in a large population-based cohort study. The study population consisted of 104 children prenatally exposed to BBRM, 527 children exposed to maternal prenatal anxiety or phobic anxiety symptoms (without exposure to BBRM), and 5609 control children...
March 1, 2017: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255197/confirmatory-factor-analyses-of-self-and-parent-report-inventory-of-callous-unemotional-traits-in-8-to-10-year-olds
#13
Yu Gao, Wei Zhang
The factorial structure of the Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits (ICU; Frick 2004) has been inconsistent across various studies using different rater versions and samples. In this study the factorial structure of the self- and parent-report versions of the ICU was examined in a community sample of 340 boys and girls aged 8- to 10-years. A series of confirmatory factor analyses revealed that (1) for self-report ICU, a two-factor model comprising one Uncaring and one Callousness factor fit the data best; the factorial structure was invariant across sex, although boys showed higher scores than girls on the Uncaring factor; (2) for the parent-report ICU, a three-factor structure was supported, and boys and girls did not differ on factor structure or levels of the factors...
September 2016: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253890/erratum-to-start-now-a-comprehensive-skills-training-programme-for-female-adolescents-with-oppositional-defiant-and-conduct-disorders-study-protocol-for-a-clusterrandomised-controlled-trial
#14
Linda Kersten, Martin Prätzlich, Sandra Mannstadt, Katharina Ackermann, Gregor Kohls, Helena Oldenhof, Daniel Saure, Katrin Krieger, Beate Herpertz-Dahlmann, Arne Popma, Christine M Freitag, Robert L Trestman, Christina Stadler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250560/adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-patients-with-substance-use-disorders-a-study-from-southern-india
#15
Suhas Ganesh, Arun Kandasamy, Ubahara S Sahayaraj, Vivek Benegal
CONTEXT: Externalizing disorders of childhood characterized by attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), conduct disorder and oppositional defiant disorder are well known to predispose an individual to experiment with substances at an early age and the later lead to the development of substance use disorders (SUD). ADHD, a developmental disorder, persists into adulthood in about two-thirds of the cases. AIMS: In the present study, we aimed to explore the prevalence of ADHD and its subtypes in treatment-seeking patients with SUD in an outpatient setting...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225747/effect-of-methylphenidate-on-emotional-dysregulation-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-oppositional-defiant-disorder-conduct-disorder
#16
Ayse Kutlu, Ulku Akyol Ardic, Eyup Sabri Ercan
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Emotional dysregulation (ED) is a frequent feature of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). It can be observed as a dysregulation profile or a deficient emotional self-regulation (DESR) profile. Oppositional defiant disorder/conduct disorder (ODD/CD) comorbidity is prevalent in ADHD and known to be related with ED. The first-line treatment of ADHD includes psychostimulants, but their effects on ED are not well studied. This study aimed to evaluate the outcomes of methylphenidate (MPH) treatment on ED in ADHD + ODD/CD cases...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219025/mortality-in-individuals-with-disruptive-behavior-disorders-diagnosed-by-specialist-services-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#17
James G Scott, Marianne Giørtz Pedersen, Holly E Erskine, Aida Bikic, Ditte Demontis, John J McGrath, Søren Dalsgaard
Disruptive behavior disorders (DBDs), inclusive of oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and conduct disorder (CD), are associated with outcomes likely to increase risk of mortality. Using Danish National Registers, a total of 1.92 million individuals including 9495 individuals with DBDs diagnosed by specialist services were followed from their first birthday to 2013. Those with and without DBDs were compared using mortality rate ratios (MRRs) estimated using Poisson regression and adjusted for calendar period, age, sex, family history of psychiatric disorders, maternal age at time of birth, paternal age at time of birth, parental education status, and parental employment status...
February 13, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213188/children-with-adhd-and-symptoms-of-oppositional-defiant-disorder-improved-in-behavior-when-treated-with-methylphenidate-and-adjuvant-risperidone-though-weight-gain-was-also-observed-results-from-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#18
Leila Jahangard, Shahrokh Akbarian, Mohammad Haghighi, Mohammad Ahmadpanah, Amir Keshavarzi, Hafez Bajoghli, Dena Sadeghi Bahmani, Edith Holsboer-Trachsler, Serge Brand
Children with ADHD often show symptoms of oppositional defiant disorders (ODD). We investigated the impact of adjuvant risperidone (RISP) to a standard treatment with methylphenidate (MPH) in children with ADHD and symptoms of ODD. Eighty-four children with ADHD and ODD (age: M=8.55; range: 7.28-9.95 years; 73.8% males) took part in a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, clinical trial lasting eight weeks. Participants were randomly assigned either to the MPH+RISP (1mg/kg/d+0.5mg/d) or to the MPH+PLCO (1mg/kg/d+placebo) condition...
December 10, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210827/medical-conditions-and-demographic-service-and-clinical-factors-associated-with-atypical-antipsychotic-medication-use-among-children-with-an-autism-spectrum-disorder
#19
Johanna K Lake, Danica Denton, Yona Lunsky, Amy M Shui, Jeremy Veenstra-VanderWeele, Evdokia Anagnostou
This study aimed to describe rates of antipsychotic medication use and the association between their use and demographics, clinical variables, and the use of behavioral/education services among children with ASD. For children with ASD ages 2-11 (n = 4749) and those 12-17 (n = 401), 5.4 and 17.7% were prescribed at least one atypical antipsychotic medication respectively. In the multivariable model of young children, older age, use of multiple psychotropic medications, prior ASD diagnosis, non-white Hispanic race/ethnicity, and oppositional defiant problems were associated with antipsychotic use...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196992/subtyping-of-alcohol-dependence-in-indian-males-a-cluster-analytic-approach
#20
Savita Malhotra, Debasish Basu, Abhishek Ghosh, Madhu Khullar, Neeraj Kakkar
OBJECTIVES: Two cluster solutions for the subtyping of alcohol dependence (AD) was investigated in an Indian male population. Subtypes were compared for various personality traits and childhood externalizing disorders. They were also compared with respect to single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) of various candidate genes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a clinic-based study conducted among 202 patients with AD. All patients were assessed with SSAGA-II for comorbid antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) and childhood conduct disorder (CD), oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
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