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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457645/research-review-test-retest-reliability-of-standardized-diagnostic-interviews-to-assess-child-and-adolescent-psychiatric-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Laura Duncan, Jinette Comeau, Li Wang, Irene Vitoroulis, Michael H Boyle, Kathryn Bennett
BACKGROUND: A better understanding of factors contributing to the observed variability in estimates of test-retest reliability in published studies on standardized diagnostic interviews (SDI) is needed. The objectives of this systematic review and meta-analysis were to estimate the pooled test-retest reliability for parent and youth assessments of seven common disorders, and to examine sources of between-study heterogeneity in reliability. METHODS: Following a systematic review of the literature, multilevel random effects meta-analyses were used to analyse 202 reliability estimates (Cohen's kappa = ҡ) from 31 eligible studies and 5,369 assessments of 3,344 children and youth...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456928/behavioural-and-emotional-disorders-in-childhood-a-brief-overview-for-paediatricians
#2
REVIEW
Michael O Ogundele
Mental health problems in children and adolescents include several types of emotional and behavioural disorders, including disruptive, depression, anxiety and pervasive developmental (autism) disorders, characterized as either internalizing or externalizing problems. Disruptive behavioural problems such as temper tantrums, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, oppositional, defiant or conduct disorders are the commonest behavioural problems in preschool and school age children. The routine Paediatric clinic or Family Medicine/General Practitioner surgery presents with several desirable characteristics that make them ideal for providing effective mental health services to children and adolescents...
February 8, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452000/optimal-items-for-assessing-sluggish-cognitive-tempo-in-children-across-mother-father-and-teacher-ratings
#3
Belén Sáez, Mateu Servera, Stephen P Becker, G Leonard Burns
A recent meta-analysis identified optimal items for assessing sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) as distinct from attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder inattention (ADHD-IN), and a preliminary study with teacher ratings of children in the United States found strong support for the convergent and discriminant validity of 15 SCT items. The current study evaluated whether the same 15 SCT items demonstrated convergent and discriminant validity from ADHD-IN in a large, community-based sample of children in Spain, and whether validity results were replicated across mother, father, and teacher ratings...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448135/the-effect-of-adding-coping-power-program-sweden-to-parent-management-training-effects-and-moderators-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Maria Helander, John Lochman, Jens Högström, Brjánn Ljótsson, Clara Hellner, Pia Enebrink
For children with oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), Parent Management Training (PMT) is a recommended treatment in addition to child Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (child-CBT). There is however a lack of studies investigating the additive effect of group-based child-CBT to PMT for children between 8 and 12 years. The current study investigated the incremental effect of group-based child-CBT, based on the Coping Power Program, when added to the Swedish group-based PMT program KOMET. Outcomes were child behavior problems, child prosocial behavior, parenting skills and the moderating effect of child characteristics...
February 5, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438124/friendly-faces-characteristics-of-children-and-adolescents-with-repeat-visits-to-a-specialized-child-psychiatric-emergency-program
#5
Mollie Marr, Sarah M Horwitz, Ruth Gerson, Amy Storfer-Isser, Jennifer F Havens
OBJECTIVES: Pediatric mental health emergency department (ED) visits continue to rise with 19% to 62% of youth presenting to the ED ultimately returning for a mental health-related complaint. To better understand the needs of children returning to the ED, this study examines the clinical, demographic, and environmental factors associated with revisits to a dedicated child psychiatric ED. METHODS: Clinical factors, home environment, and mental health service utilization of 885 children presenting to a dedicated child psychiatric ED over a 1-year period were abstracted by retrospective chart review...
February 12, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437752/towards-high-quality-useful-practice-guidelines-for-child-and-youth-mental-health-disorders-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-consensus-exercise
#6
Kathryn Bennett, Stephanie Duda, Melissa Brouwers, Peter Szatmari, Amanda Newton, John McLennan, Purnima Sundar, Kristin Cleverley, Alice Charach, Joanna Henderson, Darren Courtney, Maureen Rice
INTRODUCTION: The quality of clinical practice guidelines (PGs) has not been evaluated in child and youth mental health (CYMH). To address this gap, we will: (1) conduct a systematic review (SR) to answer the question 'among eligible PGs relevant to the prevention or treatment of CYMH conditions, which PGs meet criteria for minimum and high quality?'; (2) apply nominal group methods to create recommendations for how CYMH PG quality, completeness and usefulness can be strengthened. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: SR: Potentially eligible PGs will be identified in 12 databases using a reproducible search strategy developed by a research librarian...
February 6, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417978/analysis-of-the-effectiveness-of-a-training-program-for-parents-of-children-with-adhd-in-a-hospital-environment
#7
Esther Garreta, Teresa Jimeno, Mateu Servera
INTRODUCTION: Regarding the Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), treatments combined with pharmacological, psychoeducational and parents training programs interventions are recommended. Parenting programs have been proven efficacy in the experimental area, but there is few data about their effectiveness and feasibility in the professional area. The objective of the study is to analyze the effectiveness of a parenting program implemented in a hospital setting to improve internalized and externalized behaviors as well as parenting styles in a sample of ADHD children...
January 2018: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414540/psychiatric-symptoms-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-children-with-epilepsy-and-their-mothers
#8
Ayhan Bilgiç, Ümit Işık, Rukiye Sivri Çolak, Hatice Derin, Hüseyin Çaksen
PURPOSE: This study evaluated the psychiatric symptoms and health-related quality of life (HRQL) of children with epilepsy and psychiatric symptoms of their mothers, and compared them to those of healthy children and their mothers. This study also explored the influence of the child-related and maternal psychiatric variables and seizure-specific factors on the HRQLs of children with epilepsy according to both the children's and parents' perspectives. METHOD: Ninety-nine children with epilepsy (8 to 17years old), their mothers, and a control group (n=51) participated in this study...
February 1, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402677/associations-between-childhood-adhd-gender-and-adolescent-alcohol-and-marijuana-involvement-a-causally-informative-design
#9
Irene J Elkins, Gretchen R B Saunders, Stephen M Malone, Margaret A Keyes, Matt McGue, William G Iacono
BACKGROUND: We report whether the etiology underlying associations of childhood ADHD with adolescent alcohol and marijuana involvement is consistent with causal relationships or shared predispositions, and whether it differs by gender. METHODS: In three population-based twin samples (N = 3762; 64% monozygotic), including one oversampling females with ADHD, regressions were conducted with childhood inattentive or hyperactive-impulsive symptoms predicting alcohol and marijuana outcomes by age 17...
December 27, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395182/infant-iron-deficiency-and-iron-supplementation-predict-adolescent-internalizing-externalizing-and-social-problems
#10
Jenalee R Doom, Blair Richards, Gabriela Caballero, Jorge Delva, Sheila Gahagan, Betsy Lozoff
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate associations between iron supplementation and iron deficiency in infancy and internalizing, externalizing, and social problems in adolescence. STUDY DESIGN: The study is a follow-up of infants as adolescents from working-class communities around Santiago, Chile who participated in a preventive trial of iron supplementation at 6 months of age. Inclusionary criteria included birth weight ≥3.0 kg, healthy singleton term birth, vaginal delivery, and a stable caregiver...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361339/adhd-cd-and-odd-systematic-review-of-genetic-and-environmental-risk-factors
#11
Andreia Azeredo, Diana Moreira, Fernando Barbosa
This review aims to analyze the relationships between Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD), and Conduct Disorder (CD), particularly regarding the relative importance of genetic and environmental factors in the development of these disorders. Studies that examined at least two of these disorders were obtained from multiple databases, following the procedures of the Cochrane Collaboration initiative. Of the 279 documents obtained, nine were retained for in-depth analysis and were considered eligible for inclusion...
January 17, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347904/social-skills-training-and-play-group-intervention-for-children-with-oppositional-defiant-disorders-conduct-disorder-mediating-mechanisms-in-a-head-to-head-comparison
#12
Josepha Katzmann, Anja Goertz-Dorten, Christopher Hautmann, Manfred Doepfner
OBJECTIVE: Social-cognitive information processing, social skills, and social interactions are problem-maintaining variables for aggressive behavior in children. We hypothesized that these factors may be possible mediators of the mechanism of change in the child-centered treatment of conduct disorders (CDs). The aim of the present study (Clinical trials.gov Identifier: NCT01406067) was to examine putative mechanisms of change for the decrease in oppositional-defiant behavior resulting from child-centered treatment of patients with oppositional-defiant disorder (ODD) or CD...
January 19, 2018: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332109/prevalence-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-comorbid-psychiatric-and-behavioral-problems-among-primary-school-students-in-western-saudi-arabia
#13
Faten N AlZaben, Mohammad G Sehlo, Waleed A Alghamdi, Haythum O Tayeb, Doaa A Khalifa, Abdulrahman T Mira, Abdulaziz M Alshuaibi, Mosab A Alguthmi, Ahmad A Derham, Harold G Koenig
To determine the prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), subtypes of ADHD, and psychiatric, academic, and behavioral comorbidity in public primary school students in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.  Methods: This is a cross-sectional study. A simple random sample of 6 primary government schools in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, was identified (3 male, 3 female), and a random sample of classes in each of grades 1-6 were selected. Between July and November 2016, teachers in these classes were asked to complete the Vanderbilt ADHD scale on all students in their classes...
January 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327328/genetic-analysis-of-very-obese-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#14
Herman D Cortes, Rachel Wevrick
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is defined by the triad of deficits in social interactions, deficits in communication, and repetitive behaviors. Common co-morbidities in syndromic forms of ASD include intellectual disability, seizures, and obesity. We asked whether very obese children with ASD had different behavioral, physical and genetic characteristics compared to children with ASD who were not obese. We found that very obese children with ASD had significantly poorer scores on standardized behavioral tests...
January 11, 2018: Molecular Genetics and Genomics: MGG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306067/maternal-ratings-of-odd-symptoms-subtypes-versus-severity-in-a-general-community-sample-of-children
#15
Rapson Gomez, Vasilis Stavropoulos
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) is a common childhood disorder (American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2000; APA, 2013). The aim of the present study was to ascertain the optimal structure for the ODD symptoms by identifying whether ODD is a qualitatively distinct entity (categorical) or is a continuum, with high levels on this continuum reflecting ODD (quantitative or dimensional view). METHODS: Mothers' ratings of the ODD symptoms of 457 children, aged 3 to 15years, as presented in the disruptive behavior rating scale were obtained...
December 8, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246205/the-autism-tics-adhd-and-other-comorbidities-inventory-a-tac-previous-and-predictive-validity
#16
Caroline Mårland, Paul Lichtenstein, Alessio Degl'Innocenti, Tomas Larson, Maria Råstam, Henrik Anckarsäter, Christopher Gillberg, Thomas Nilsson, Sebastian Lundström
BACKGROUND: Reliable and easy to administer screening instruments focusing on neurodevelopmental disorders and associated conditions are scarce. The Autism-Tics, AD/HD and other Comorbidities inventory (A-TAC) has previously been validated and reporting good- excellent validity for several disorders. This article aims to expand these findings by including more conditions in a substantially larger sample augmented with the Swedish National Patient Register (NPR). METHODS: Since 2004 parents of all 9-year-old Swedish twins have been invited to participate in a telephone interview in the Child and Adolescent Twin Study in Sweden, CATSS...
December 16, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238235/oppositional-defiant-disorder-current-insight
#17
REVIEW
Abhishek Ghosh, Anirban Ray, Aniruddha Basu
Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is diagnosed broadly on the basis of frequent and persistent angry or irritable mood, argumentativeness/defiance, and vindictiveness. Since its inception in the third Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, epidemiological and longitudinal studies have strongly suggested a distinct existence of ODD that is different from other closely related externalizing disorders, with different course and outcome and possibly discrete subtypes. However, several issues, such as symptom threshold, dimensional versus categorical conceptualization, and sex-specific symptoms, are yet to be addressed...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230806/comparing-the-characteristics-and-outcomes-of-parent-and-teacher-reported-oppositional-defiant-disorder-findings-from-a-national-sample
#18
James McNeilis, Barbara Maughan, Robert Goodman, Richard Rowe
BACKGROUND: Parents and teachers often disagree on the presence of Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) in children. It has been argued that ODD should be treated as an informant-specific disorder. This study compared the characteristics of children identified with ODD by parent- and teacher report. METHODS: We used the 1999 British Child and Adolescent Mental Health Survey, including more than 10,000 observations aged 5-15 years, to investigate symptom profiles, risk factors, comorbidities and three-year outcomes of parent- and teacher-reported ODD...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224418/the-characteristics-and-age-effects-of-emotional-lability-in-adhd-children-with-and-without-oppositional-defiant-disorder
#19
Lu Liu, Wai Chen, Li Sun, Jia Cheng, Yi Su, Daniel Rudaizky, Hai-Mei Li, Li Yang, Qiu-Jin Qian, Yu-Feng Wang
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the concurrent validity of emotional lability (EL) in children with ADHD. METHOD: A total of 2,015 children with ADHD and 745 typically developed controls (TDCs) were assessed and compared on EL. RESULTS: ADHD participants expressed higher EL scores than TDCs, not influenced by gender or IQ. Higher levels of EL symptoms were found in children with comorbid oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and with ADHD-combined subtype...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224173/testing-the-specificity-of-executive-functioning-impairments-in-adolescents-with-adhd-odd-cd-and-asd
#20
Virginia Carter Leno, Susie Chandler, Pippa White, Andrew Pickles, Gillian Baird, Chris Hobson, Anna B Smith, Tony Charman, Katya Rubia, Emily Simonoff
Current diagnostic systems conceptualise attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), oppositional defiant/conduct disorder (ODD/CD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) as separate diagnoses. However, all three demonstrate executive functioning (EF) impairments. Whether these impairments are trans-diagnostic or disorder-specific remains relatively unexplored. Four groups of 10-16 year-olds [typically developing (TD; N = 43), individuals clinically diagnosed with ADHD (N = 21), ODD/CD (N = 26) and ASD (N = 41)] completed Go/NoGo and Switch tasks...
December 9, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
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