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oppositional defiant disorder

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042906/low-mood-in-a-sample-of-5-12-year-old-child-psychiatric-patients-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Katri Maasalo, Jaana Wessman, Eeva T Aronen
BACKGROUND: Not much is known about low mood and its associates in child psychiatric patients. In this study, we examined the prevalence of low mood, how it associates with disruptive behaviour, and affects clinician-rated global functioning in child psychiatric outpatients. METHODS: The study population consisted of 862 5-12 year-old child psychiatric patients. The study sample was a subsample of all 1251 patients attending a child psychiatric outpatient clinic at Helsinki University Hospital in 2013-2015 formed by excluding 4 year-old and 13 year-old patients and those with missing or incomplete data...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038930/verbal-ability-and-psychiatric-symptoms-in-clinically-referred-inpatient-and-outpatient-youth-with-asd
#2
Matthew D Lerner, Carla A Mazefsky, Rebecca J Weber, Emilie Transue, Matthew Siegel, Kenneth D Gadow
Youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) experience high rates of psychiatric symptoms, but the relation between verbal ability and psychiatric symptoms is unknown. This study utilized a large sample of clinically referred inpatient and outpatient youth with ASD to compare psychiatric comorbidity between verbal and minimally-verbal youth, adjusting for nonverbal IQ, age, and ASD symptom severity. Results indicated that verbal youth were more likely to present with and meet clinical cutoffs for depression and oppositional defiant disorder symptoms, with greater impairment associated with depression...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033006/relative-age-within-the-school-year-and-diagnosis-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#3
Kapil Sayal, Roshan Chudal, Susanna Hinkka-Yli-Salomäki, Petteri Joelsson, Andre Sourander
BACKGROUND: Findings are mixed on the relationship between attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and younger relative age in the school year. We aimed to investigate whether relative age is associated with ADHD diagnosis in a country where prescribing rates are low and whether any such association has changed over time or relates to comorbid disorders (eg, conduct disorder [CD], oppositional defiant disorder [ODD], or learning disorder [LD]). METHODS: We used nationwide population-based registers to identify all Finnish children born between Jan 1, 1991, and Dec 31, 2004, who were diagnosed with ADHD from age 7 years onwards (age of starting school)...
October 9, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016602/relationship-between-parenting-stress-and-informant-discrepancies-on-symptoms-of-adhd-odd-and-internalizing-behaviors-in-preschool-children
#4
Yu-Chi Chen, Shoou-Lian Hwang-Gu, Hsing-Chang Ni, Sophie Hsin-Yi Liang, Hsiang-Yuan Lin, Chiao-Fan Lin, Yu-Han Tseng, Susan Shur-Fen Gau
Parent and teacher ratings of child behaviors are often discrepant, and these discrepancies may be correlated with parenting stress. The present study explored whether various parenting stress factors are associated with discrepancies between parent and teacher ratings of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) as well as internalizing symptoms in preschool children. We recruited 299 Taiwanese preschool children (aged 4-6 years) from the community or via clinical referrals...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992752/comorbid-internalizing-and-externalizing-disorders-predict-lability-of-negative-emotions-among-children-with-adhd
#5
Kirsten D Leaberry, Paul J Rosen, Nicholas D Fogleman, Danielle M Walerius, Kelly E Slaughter
OBJECTIVE: A subset of children with ADHD experience more frequent, sudden, and intense shifts toward negative emotions. The current study utilized ecological momentary assessment (EMA) to provide a valid assessment of the impact of comorbid internalizing and externalizing disorders on negative emotional lability (EL) among children with ADHD. METHOD: Parents of 58, 8- to 12-year-old children with ADHD were administered a diagnostic interview to assess for ADHD and for the presence of comorbid disorders...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983797/clinical-factors-associated-with-decision-to-recommend-methylphenidate-treatment-for-children-with-adhd-in-france
#6
Elodie Courtabessis, Florence Pupier, Laurie Surig, Marie-Christine Picot, Erika Nogué, Valérie Macioce, Elizabeth Stein, Diane Purper-Ouakil
European guidelines advise on best practices for the diagnosis and non-pharmacological and pharmacological treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This study aimed to (1) assess whether clinician's decisions to initiate methylphenidate treatment in children diagnosed with ADHD are in accordance with European guidelines and (2) identify clinical factors associated with the decision to recommend methylphenidate prescription. 5 to 13-year-old patients with an ADHD diagnosis were consecutively evaluated in an outpatient child and adolescent psychiatry clinic in France...
October 5, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983772/the-impact-of-comorbid-mental-health-symptoms-and-sex-on-sleep-functioning-in-children-with-adhd
#7
Stephen P Becker, Caroline N Cusick, Craig A Sidol, Jeffery N Epstein, Leanne Tamm
Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) display more sleep problems than their peers, but it remains unclear whether comorbid mental health symptoms [i.e., anxiety, depression, oppositional-defiant disorder (ODD)] are uniquely related to sleep functioning. It is also largely unknown whether boys and girls with ADHD differ in their sleep functioning. This study (1) examined whether boys or girls with ADHD differ in their sleep functioning, (2) evaluated comorbid symptoms as uniquely related to sleep functioning domains, and (3) explored whether sex moderated associations between comorbid symptoms and sleep...
October 5, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971003/the-processing-of-animacy-information-is-disrupted-as-a-function-of-callous-unemotional-traits-in-youth-with-disruptive-behavior-disorders
#8
Laura C Thornton, Elizabeth A Penner, Zachary T Nolan, Christopher J Adalio, Stephen Sinclair, Harma Meffert, Soonjo Hwang, R James R Blair, Stuart F White
Atypical amygdala responses to emotional stimuli have been consistently reported in youth with Disruptive Behavior Disorders (DBDs; Conduct Disorder/Oppositional Defiant Disorder). However, responding to animacy stimuli has not been systematically investigated. Yet, the amygdala is known to be responsive to animacy stimuli and impairment in responsiveness to animacy information may have implications for social cognitive development. Twenty-nine youth with DBDs and 20 typically developing youth, matched for IQ, age (Mage  = 14...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959903/the-effect-of-methylphenidate-treatment-on-suspiciousness-in-children-with-adhd-alone-or-comorbid-with-odd
#9
Pavel Golubchik, Abraham Weizman
OBJECTIVE: To assess the level of the suspiciousness in children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and comorbid oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) in comparison to ADHD alone and the response of suspiciousness symptoms to methylphenidate (MPH) treatment. METHODS: In this open-label comparative study, children with DSM-IV-TR ADHD, aged 8-18 years, with (N = 30) or without (N = 30) ODD received MPH treatment for 12 weeks. The severity of ODD symptoms was assessed by the Kiddie-Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia...
September 29, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955142/executive-function-features-in-drug-naive-children-with-oppositional-defiant-disorder
#10
Manfei Xu, Wenqing Jiang, Yasong DU, Yan Li, Juan Fan
BACKGROUND: Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) that is characterized by markedly defiant, disobedient, and disruptive behavior in younger children has been regarded as disruptive behavior disorder (DBD), together with conduct disorder (CD). However, in contrast to CD, ODD does not include severe aggressive or antisocial behavior. AIM: This study aimed to examine executive function (EF) features of children with oppositional defiant disorder (ODD). METHODS: Cross sectional design was used in this study...
August 25, 2017: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953604/assessment-of-behavioral-problems-in-children-with-hearing-loss
#11
Caitlin E Fiorillo, Vania Rashidi, Philip M Westgate, Julie A Jacobs, Matthew L Bush, Christina R Studts
OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of disruptive behavior problems between preschool-aged children with hearing loss and normal hearing. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Tertiary academic center. PATIENTS: Caregivers of children (2-5 yr old) with normal hearing (NH) (n = 39), hearing loss using hearing aid(s) (HA) (n = 29), or cochlear implant(s) (CI) (n = 21). INTERVENTION(S): Demographic information and a mental health history were obtained...
September 26, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935341/conduct-problems-in-youth-and-the-rdoc-approach-a-developmental-evolutionary-based-view
#12
REVIEW
Peter Fonagy, Patrick Luyten
Problems related to aggression in young people are traditionally subsumed under the header of conduct problems, which include conduct disorder and oppositional defiant disorder. Such problems in children and adolescents are an important societal and mental health problem. In this paper we present an evolutionarily informed developmental psychopathology view of conduct problems inspired by the NIMH Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) initiative. We assume that while there are many pathways to conduct problems, chronic or temporary impairments in the domain of social cognition or mentalizing are a common denominator...
September 8, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929496/a-methylome-wide-association-study-of-trajectories-of-oppositional-defiant-behaviors-and-biological-overlap-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#13
Edward D Barker, Esther Walton, Charlotte A M Cecil, Richard Rowe, Sara R Jaffee, Barbara Maughan, Thomas G O'Connor, Argyris Stringaris, Alan J Meehan, Wendy McArdle, Caroline L Relton, Tom R Gaunt
In 671 mother-child (49% male) pairs from an epidemiological birth cohort, we investigated (a) prospective associations between DNA methylation (at birth) and trajectories (ages 7-13) of oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), and the ODD subdimensions of irritable and headstrong; (b) common biological pathways, indexed by DNA methylation, between ODD trajectories and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD); (c) genetic influence on DNA methylation; and (d) prenatal risk exposure associations. Methylome-wide significant associations were identified for the ODD and headstrong, but not for irritable...
September 20, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914082/characterizing-psychiatric-comorbidity-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-receiving-publicly-funded-mental-health-services
#14
Lauren Brookman-Frazee, Nicole Stadnick, Colby Chlebowski, Mary Baker-Ericzén, William Ganger
Publicly funded mental health programs play a significant role in serving children with autism spectrum disorder. Understanding patterns of psychiatric comorbidity for this population within mental health settings is important to implement appropriately tailored interventions. This study (1) describes patterns of psychiatric comorbidity in children with autism spectrum disorder who present to mental health services with challenging behaviors and (2) identifies child characteristics associated with comorbid conditions...
September 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911901/structural-brain-abnormalities-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-with-oppositional-defiant-disorder
#15
Siri D S Noordermeer, Marjolein Luman, Corina U Greven, Kim Veroude, Stephen V Faraone, Catharina A Hartman, Pieter J Hoekstra, Barbara Franke, Jan K Buitelaar, Dirk J Heslenfeld, Jaap Oosterlaan
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with structural abnormalities in total gray matter, basal ganglia, and cerebellum. Findings of structural abnormalities in frontal and temporal lobes, amygdala, and insula are less consistent. Remarkably, the impact of comorbid oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) (comorbidity rates up to 60%) on these neuroanatomical differences is scarcely studied, while ODD (in combination with conduct disorder) has been associated with structural abnormalities of the frontal lobe, amygdala, and insula...
November 1, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852240/effects-of-family-structure-on-mental-health-of-children-a-preliminary-study
#16
Aniruddh Prakash Behere, Pravesh Basnet, Pamela Campbell
BACKGROUND: To find any association between family structure and rates of hospitalization as an indicator for behavior problems in children. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of 154 patients who were admitted to the preadolescent unit at Lincoln Prairie Behavioral Health Center between July and December 2012. RESULTS: We found that only 11% of children came from intact families living with biological parents while 89% had some kind of disruption in their family structure...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845711/does-anxiety-modify-the-risk-for-or-severity-of-conduct-problems-among-children-with-co-occurring-adhd-categorical-and-dimensional-and-analyses
#17
Jeffrey S Danforth, Leonard A Doerfler, Daniel F Connor
OBJECTIVE: The goal was to examine whether anxiety modifies the risk for, or severity of, conduct problems in children with ADHD. METHOD: Assessment included both categorical and dimensional measures of ADHD, anxiety, and conduct problems. Analyses compared conduct problems between children with ADHD features alone versus children with co-occurring ADHD and anxiety features. RESULTS: When assessed by dimensional rating scales, results showed that compared with children with ADHD alone, those children with ADHD co-occurring with anxiety are at risk for more intense conduct problems...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838580/trauma-exposure-and-externalizing-disorders-in-adolescents-results-from-the-national-comorbidity-survey-adolescent-supplement
#18
Hannah Carliner, Dahsan Gary, Katie A McLaughlin, Katherine M Keyes
OBJECTIVE: Exposure to violence and other forms of potentially traumatic events (PTEs) are common among youths with externalizing psychopathology. These associations likely reflect both heightened risk for the onset of externalizing problems in youth exposed to PTEs and elevated risk for experiencing PTEs among youth with externalizing disorders. In this study, we disaggregate the associations between exposure to PTEs and externalizing disorder onset in a population-representative sample of adolescents...
September 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835820/the-coexistence-of-psychiatric-and-gastrointestinal-problems-in-children-with-restrictive-eating-in-a-nationwide-swedish-twin-study
#19
Jakob Täljemark, Maria Råstam, Paul Lichtenstein, Henrik Anckarsäter, Nóra Kerekes
BACKGROUND: Restrictive eating problems are rare in children but overrepresented in those with neurodevelopmental problems. Comorbidities decrease wellbeing in affected individuals but research in the area is relatively scarce. This study describes phenotypes, regarding psychiatric and gastrointestinal comorbidities, in children with restrictive eating problems. METHODS: A parental telephone interview was conducted in 9- or 12-year old twins (n = 19,130) in the Child and Adolescent Twin Study in Sweden...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832748/prevalence-clinical-correlates-and-maternal-psychopathology-of-deliberate-self-harm-in-children-and-early-adolescents-results-from-a-large-community-study
#20
André R Simioni, Pedro M Pan, Ary Gadelha, Gisele G Manfro, Jair J Mari, Eurípedes C Miguel, Luis A Rohde, Giovanni A Salum
Objectives: Little is known about the prevalence and correlates of deliberate self-harm (DSH) in children from low- and middle-income countries. We investigated the prevalence of DSH and its clinical and maternal psychopathological associations in Brazilian children (n=2,508, ages 6-14y) in a community-based study. Methods: Participants of the High Risk Cohort Study for the Development of Childhood Psychiatric Disorders (HRC) and their mothers were assessed in structured interviews...
August 21, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
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