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oppositional defiant disorder

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922873/emotional-face-recognition-in-male-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-or-disruptive-behavior-disorder-an-eye-tracking-study
#1
C C A H Bours, M J Bakker-Huvenaars, J Tramper, N Bielczyk, F Scheepers, K S Nijhof, A N Baanders, N N J Lambregts-Rommelse, P Medendorp, J C Glennon, J K Buitelaar
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD), and Conduct Disorder (CD) are often associated with emotion recognition difficulties. This is the first eye-tracking study to examine emotional face recognition (i.e., gazing behavior) in a direct comparison of male adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder or Oppositional Defiant Disorder/Conduct Disorder, and typically developing (TD) individuals. We also investigate the role of psychopathic traits, callous-unemotional (CU) traits, and subtypes of aggressive behavior in emotional face recognition...
June 19, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29872300/six-months-methylphenidate-treatment-improves-emotion-dysregulation-in-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-prospective-study
#2
Ipek Suzer Gamli, Aysegul Yolga Tahiroglu
Purpose: Individuals with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may suffer from emotional dysregulation (ED), although this symptom is not listed among the diagnostic criteria. Methylphenidate (MPH) is useful in reducing emotional symptoms in ADHD. The aim of the present study was to determine both psychosocial risk factors and presence of ED in adolescents with ADHD before and after MPH treatment. Participants and methods: Eighty-two patients aged 12-18 years with ADHD were included as participants...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29865863/oppositional-defiant-disorder-conduct-disorder-co-occurrence-increases-the-risk-of-internet-addiction-in-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#3
Hatice Gunes, Canan Tanidir, Hilal Adaletli, Ali Guven Kilicoglu, Caner Mutlu, Mustafa Kayhan Bahali, Melike Topal, Nurullah Bolat, Ozden Sukran Uneri
Objectives The aims of this cross-sectional study were to assess the prevalence of Internet addiction (IA) in a clinical sample of adolescents with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and to detect the moderating effects of co-occurring oppositional defiant disorder/conduct disorder (ODD/CD) on the association between ADHD and IA. Methods The study group comprised 119 adolescent subjects who were consecutively referred to our outpatient clinic with a diagnosis of ADHD. The Turgay DSM-IV-Based Child and Adolescent Disruptive Behavioral Disorders Screening and Rating Scale (T-DSM-IV-S) was completed by parents, and subjects were asked to complete the Internet Addiction Scale (IAS)...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29852057/risk-for-childhood-internalizing-and-externalizing-behavior-problems-in-the-context-of-prenatal-alcohol-exposure-a-meta-analysis-and-comprehensive-examination-of-moderators
#4
Jennifer E Khoury, Brittany Jamieson, Karen Milligan
Prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) is associated with a constellation of physical, neurocognitive and behavioral abnormalities in offspring. The presence of internalizing (e.g., anxiety, mood disorders) and externalizing (e.g., oppositional defiant and conduct disorders) behavior problems have devastating and often long-lasting impacts on children, adolescents and their families. The present meta-analysis explored the strength of the association between PAE and behavior problems, as well as factors that increase or mitigate risk...
May 31, 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787785/junior-temperament-character-inventory-together-with-quantitative-eeg-discriminate-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-combined-subtype-from-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-combined-subtype-plus-oppositional-defiant
#5
Giuseppe A Chiarenza, Stefania Villa, Lidice Galan, Pedro Valdes-Sosa, Jorge Bosch-Bayard
Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is frequently associated with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) but no clear neurophysiological evidence exists that distinguishes the two groups. Our aim was to identify biomarkers that distinguish children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder combined subtype (ADHD_C) from children with ADHD_C + ODD, by combining the results of quantitative EEG (qEEG) and the Junior Temperament Character Inventory (JTCI). 28 ADHD_C and 22 ADHD_C + ODD children who met the DSMV criteria participated in the study...
May 19, 2018: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783160/children-s-sleep-problems-are-associated-with-poorer-student-teacher-relationship-quality
#6
Alex S Holdaway, Stephen P Becker
OBJECTIVE: Children's sleep problems are associated with poorer student functioning in the school environment, including impairment in peer relationships; yet, no studies have examined sleep functioning in relation to the student-teacher relationship. The objective of this study was to examine whether child-rated total sleep problems or specific sleep problem domains (bedtime problems, nighttime problems, or daytime sleepiness) were associated with teacher-rated student-teacher closeness and conflict after controlling for student mental health symptoms known to be associated with both greater sleep problems and poorer student-teacher relationship quality...
December 20, 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774515/eating-disorder-or-oesophageal-achalasia-during-adolescence-diagnostic-difficulties
#7
REVIEW
Aurélie Letranchant, Bénédicte Pigneur, Martine Flament, Nathalie Godart
Marine was a fourteen and a half-year-old adolescent female hospitalized for an eating disorder (ED) of the anorexic type with purging behaviors. She has had a complicated life course, made up of disruptions and discontinuities, both family and school. Since the age of five, Marine had been intermittently treated in psychiatry for a diagnosis of oppositional defiant disorder. The current illness started with spontaneous and induced vomiting associated with major weight loss (body mass index, 15.27 kg m-2 )...
May 17, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752662/executive-attention-and-empathy-related-responses-in-boys-with-oppositional-defiant-disorder-or-conduct-disorder-with-and-without-comorbid-anxiety-disorder
#8
Jarla Pijper, Minet de Wied, Sophie van Rijn, Stephanie van Goozen, Hanna Swaab, Wim Meeus
This is a first study that investigated the relationships between executive attention-as an important aspect of emotion regulation-and state empathy and sympathy in ODD/CD boys with (N = 31) and without (N = 18) comorbid anxiety disorder (7-12 years). Empathic reactions were evoked using three sadness-inducing film clips. One clip was highly evocative involving a bear cub losing his mother, whilst two other clips were mildly evocative involving children in common childhood situations. Self-reports of empathy and sympathy were collected and executive attention was assessed with a performance task...
May 11, 2018: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730721/comparing-the-dsm-5-construct-of-disruptive-mood-dysregulation-disorder-and-icd-10-mixed-disorder-of-emotion-and-conduct-in-the-uk-longitudinal-assessment-of-manic-symptoms-uk-lams-study
#9
I Sagar-Ouriaghli, G Milavic, R Barton, N Heaney, F Fiori, K Lievesley, J Singh, Paramala Santosh
It is important to understand new diagnostic entities in classifications of psychopathology such as the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-5 (DSM-5) (code F34.8) construct of Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder (DMDD) and to compare it with possible equivalent disorders in other classificatory systems such as the International Classification of Diseases-10 (ICD-10), which has a category that superficially appears similar, that is, Mixed Disorder of Emotion and Conduct (MDEC) (code F92)...
May 5, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716536/dopamine-d2-receptor-gene-polymorphisms-and-externalizing-behaviors-in-children-and-adolescents
#10
Osmar Henrique Della Torre, Lúcia Arisaka Paes, Taciane Barbosa Henriques, Maricilda Palandi de Mello, Eloisa Helena Rubello Valler Celeri, Paulo Dalgalarrondo, Gil Guerra-Júnior, Amilton Dos Santos-Júnior
BACKGROUND: Dopamine is involved in several cerebral physiological processes, and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in the dopamine D2 receptor gene (DRD2) have been associated with numerous neurological and mental disorders, including those involving alterations in cognitive and emotional processes. METHODS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between the SNPs c.957C > T (rs6277) and c.-585A > G (rs1799978) in the DRD2 gene and behavioral characteristics of children and adolescents based on an inventory of the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL)...
May 2, 2018: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714502/trajectories-of-global-self-worth-in-adolescents-with-adhd-associations-with-academic-emotional-and-social-outcomes
#11
Melissa R Dvorsky, Joshua M Langberg, Stephen P Becker, Steven W Evans
Resilience models suggest that there are likely to be multiple trajectories of self-worth and that despite experiencing impairment, some youth with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may maintain a positive self-worth, which could buffer them against negative outcomes. The present study used a cohort-sequential longitudinal design to evaluate developmental trajectories of global self-worth in a sample of 324 middle-school-age adolescents (71% male) diagnosed with ADHD between ages 11 and 14 in predicting outcomes at age 15...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704147/associations-between-marijuana-use-trajectories-and-educational-and-occupational-success-in-young-adulthood
#12
Kara Thompson, Bonnie Leadbeater, Megan Ames, Gabriel J Merrin
Adolescence and young adulthood is a critical stage when the economic foundations for life-long health are established. To date, there is little consensus as to whether marijuana use is associated with poor educational and occupational success in adulthood. We investigated associations between trajectories of marijuana use from ages 15 to 28 and multiple indicators of economic well-being in young adulthood including achievement levels (i.e., educational attainment and occupational prestige), work characteristics (i...
April 28, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703717/fifty-years-of-preventing-and-treating-childhood-behaviour-disorders-a-systematic-review-to-inform-policy-and-practice
#13
REVIEW
Charlotte Waddell, Christine Schwartz, Caitlyn Andres, Jenny Lou Barican, Donna Yung
QUESTION: Oppositional defiant and conduct disorders (ODD and CD) start early and persist, incurring high individual and collective costs. To inform policy and practice, we therefore asked: What is the best available research evidence on preventing and treating these disorders? STUDY SELECTION AND ANALYSIS: We sought randomised controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating interventions addressing the prevention or treatment of behaviour problems in individuals aged 18 years or younger...
May 2018: Evidence-based Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701615/simulated-driving-performance-self-reported-driving-behaviors-and-mental-health-symptoms-in-adolescent-novice-drivers
#14
Catherine C McDonald, Marilyn S Sommers, Jamison D Fargo, Thomas Seacrist, Thomas Power
BACKGROUND: Risky driving behaviors contribute to adolescent injury, disability, and death, yet little is known about how mental health factors are associated with adolescent driving behaviors. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the research was to determine the association of risky driving behaviors and mental health symptoms in novice adolescent drivers. METHODS: We recruited a convenience sample (n = 60) of adolescents to complete an assessment of driving performance errors in a high-fidelity simulator (Simulated Driving Assessment [SDA] Error Score) and a self-report measure of risky driving (Behavior of Young Novice Drivers Survey [BYNDS])...
May 2018: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659017/experiences-of-physical-and-relational-victimization-in-children-with-adhd-the-role-of-social-problems-and-aggression
#15
Julia D McQuade, Nicole L Breslend, Destin Groff
The social risk factors for physical and relational peer victimization were examined within a mixed-gender sample of children with and without attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Participants were 124 children (ages 8-12 years; 48% boys), with 47% exhibiting sub-clinical or clinical elevations in ADHD symptoms. ADHD and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) symptom counts were assessed based on parent- and teacher-reports; parents rated children's social problems and teachers rated children's use of physical and relational aggression and experiences of physical and relational victimization...
April 16, 2018: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608131/do-patients-with-different-psychiatric-disorders-show-altered-social-decision-making-a-systematic-review-of-ultimatum-game-experiments-in-clinical-populations
#16
Barbara Hinterbuchinger, Alexander Kaltenboeck, Josef Severin Baumgartner, Nilufar Mossaheb, Fabian Friedrich
BACKGROUND: Impairments in social functioning are a common feature of psychiatric disorders. Game paradigms pose a unique way for studying how people make decisions in interpersonal contexts. In the last decade, researchers have started to use these paradigms to study social decision-making in patients with psychiatric disorders. PURPOSE: The aim of this systematic literature review is to summarise the currently available evidence on the behaviour of patients with psychiatric disorders in the commonly used Ultimatum Game (UG)...
April 2, 2018: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604524/prevalence-and-clinical-correlates-of-intermittent-explosive-disorder-in-turkish-psychiatric-outpatients
#17
Volkan Gelegen, Lut Tamam
OBJECTIVE: Intermittent explosive disorder (IED) is defined as the failure to resist aggressive impulses resulting in repeated acts of verbal and/or physical aggression. Although it is frequently encountered in clinical psychiatric practice, there is a paucity of data concerning IED in the scientific literature both internationally and in Turkey. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of IED and associated sociodemographic and clinical features in a clinical setting. METHODS: A total of 406 patients who were referred to our psychiatry outpatient clinic for the first time in a six-month period were included in the study...
May 2018: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594368/efficacy-of-individualized-social-competence-training-for-children-with-oppositional-defiant-disorders-conduct-disorders-a-randomized-controlled-trial-with-an-active-control-group
#18
Anja Goertz-Dorten, Christina Benesch, Emel Berk-Pawlitzek, Martin Faber, Christopher Hautmann, Martin Hellmich, Timo Lindenschmidt, Lioba Schuh, Rahel Stadermann, Manfred Doepfner
Patient-focused cognitive-behavioral therapy in children with aggressive behavior, which uses group-based social skills training, has resulted in significant reductions in behavioral problems, with effect sizes in the small-to-medium range. However, effects of individually delivered treatments and effects on aggressive behavior and comorbid conditions rated from different perspectives, child functional impairment, child quality of life, parent-child relationship, and parental psychopathology have rarely been assessed...
March 28, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588050/sustained-effects-of-collaborative-school-home-intervention-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptoms-and-impairment
#19
Linda J Pfiffner, Mary E Rooney, Yuanyuan Jiang, Lauren M Haack, Allyson Beaulieu, Keith McBurnett
OBJECTIVES: The Collaborative Life Skills (CLS) program is a school-home intervention for students with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms and impairment. CLS integrates school, parent, and student treatments followed by booster sessions during a maintenance period into the subsequent school year. The program is delivered by school-based mental health providers. Beneficial post-treatment effects have been documented. This study evaluated the effects of CLS after the maintenance period in the subsequent school year...
April 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580701/facial-emotion-recognition-in-children-with-or-without-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-impact-of-comorbidity
#20
J Maire, C Galera, S Roux, S Bioulac, M Bouvard, G Michel
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to assess facial emotion recognition deficit in children with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and to test the hypothesis that it is increased by comorbid features. METHOD: Forty children diagnosed with ADHD were compared with 40 typically developing children, all aged from 7 to 11years old, on a computerized facial emotion recognition task (based on the Pictures of Facial Affect). Data from parents' ratings of ADHD and comorbid symptoms (on the Conners' Revised Parent Rating Scale) were also collected...
March 23, 2018: L'Encéphale
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