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oppositional defiant disorder

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816508/stability-and-predictive-validity-of-the-parent-child-sleep-interactions-scale-a-longitudinal-study-among-preschoolers
#1
Chelsey S Barrios, Samantha Y Jay, Victoria C Smith, Candice A Alfano, Lea R Dougherty
Little research has examined the processes underlying children's persistent sleep problems and links with later psychopathology. The current study examined the stability of parent-child sleep interactions as assessed with the parent-reported Parent-Child Sleep Interactions Scale (PSIS) and examined whether sleep interactions in preschool-age children predict sleep problems and psychiatric symptoms later in childhood. Participants included 108 preschool-age children (50% female) and their parents. Parents completed the PSIS when children were 3-5 years (T1) and again when they were 6-9 years (T2)...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809509/tailoring-parent-child-interaction-therapy-pcit-for-older-children-a-case-study
#2
Wolfgang Briegel
Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) is an evidence-based intervention designed for families of 2- to 6-year-old children with disruptive behavior disorders. This article illustrates the application of PCIT in a 10-year-old boy with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD). Both parents and the patient attended PCIT sessions. The course of therapy included minor changes to the PCIT protocol. After 13 PCIT sessions, the patient displayed disruptive behaviors within normal limits, and 12 months later he no longer met diagnostic criteria for ODD...
August 15, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808832/factor-structure-of-teacher-ratings-of-the-odd-symptoms-in-children
#3
Rapson Gomez, Vasileios Stavropoulos, George Van Doorn
This study used confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) to determine the best model for Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) symptoms in children aged 3 to 15 years, as presented in the Disruptive Behavior Rating Scale. Teachers' ratings of the ODD symptoms of 213 children from general community schools in Australia were obtained. The findings provided most support for a bifactor model based on Stringaris and Goodman's [1] three-factor model (primary factors for irritable, hurtful, and headstrong). The general factor, but not the group factors in the model, showed high omega hierarchical and explained common variance...
August 15, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806385/a-naturalistic-comparison-of-methylphenidate-and-risperidone-monotherapy-in-drug-naive-youth-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-comorbid-with-oppositional-defiant-disorder-and-aggression
#4
Gabriele Masi, Azzurra Manfredi, Giulia Nieri, Pietro Muratori, Chiara Pfanner, Annarita Milone
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) are frequently co-occurring in youth, but data about the pharmacological management of this comorbidity are scarce, especially when impulsive aggression is prominent. Although stimulants are the first-line medication for ADHD, second-generation antipsychotics, namely, risperidone, are frequently used. We aimed to assess effectiveness and safety of monotherapy with the stimulant methylphenidate (MPH) and risperidone in a consecutive sample of 40 drug-naive male youths diagnosed as having ADHD-combined presentation, comorbid with ODD and aggression, without psychiatric comorbidities, according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition criteria and a structured clinical interview (Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children-Present and Lifetime Version)...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800444/do-parental-adhd-symptoms-reduce-the-efficacy-of-parent-training-for-preschool-adhd-a-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Rex Forehand, Justin Parent, Virginia D Peisch, Edmund Sonuga-Barke, Nicholas Long, Nicole Lafko Breslend, Howard B Abikoff
Previous studies have suggested that children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) may benefit less from behavioral parent training (BPT) if their parents have high levels of ADHD symptoms. We conducted a secondary analysis of data from a randomized controlled trial to test the hypothesis that parental ADHD symptoms reduce the efficacy of two BPT programs in a sample of preschoolers with ADHD. One intervention was specifically designed for children with ADHD (NFPP: New Forest Parenting Programme) and one was designed for children with Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) (HNC: Helping the Noncompliant Child)...
August 4, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776147/looming-threats-and-animacy-reduced-responsiveness-in-youth-with-disrupted-behavior-disorders
#6
Stuart F White, Laura C Thornton, Joseph Leshin, Roberta Clanton, Stephen Sinclair, Dionne Coker-Appiah, Harma Meffert, Soonjo Hwang, James R Blair
Theoretical models have implicated amygdala dysfunction in the development of Disruptive Behavior Disorders (DBDs; Conduct Disorder/Oppositional Defiant Disorder). Amygdala dysfunction impacts valence evaluation/response selection and emotion attention in youth with DBDs, particularly in those with elevated callous-unemotional (CU) traits. However, amygdala responsiveness during social cognition and the responsiveness of the acute threat circuitry (amygdala/periaqueductal gray) in youth with DBDs have been less well-examined, particularly with reference to CU traits...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755013/boys-with-oppositional-defiant-disorder-conduct-disorder-show-impaired-adaptation-during-stress-an-executive-functioning-study
#7
Jantiene Schoorl, Sophie van Rijn, Minet de Wied, Stephanie van Goozen, Hanna Swaab
Evidence for problems in executive functioning (EF) in children with oppositional defiant disorder/conduct disorder (ODD/CD) is mixed and the impact stress may have on EF is understudied. Working memory, sustained attention, inhibition and cognitive flexibility of boys with ODD/CD (n = 65) and non-clinical controls (n = 32) were examined under typical and stressful test conditions. Boys with ODD/CD showed impaired working memory under typical testing conditions, and impairments in working memory and sustained attention under stressful conditions...
July 28, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735697/disentangling-heterogeneity-of-childhood-disruptive-behavior-problems-into-dimensions-and-subgroups
#8
Koen Bolhuis, Gitta H Lubke, Jan van der Ende, Meike Bartels, Catharina E M van Beijsterveldt, Paul Lichtenstein, Henrik Larsson, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Steven A Kushner, Frank C Verhulst, Dorret I Boomsma, Henning Tiemeier
OBJECTIVE: Irritable and oppositional behaviors are increasingly considered as distinct dimensions of oppositional defiant disorder. However, few studies have explored this multidimensionality across the broader spectrum of disruptive behavior problems (DBPs). This study examined the presence of dimensions and distinct subgroups of childhood DBPs, and the cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between these dimensions. METHOD: Using factor mixture models (FMMs), the presence of dimensions and subgroups of DBPs was assessed in the Generation R Study at ages 6 (n = 6,209) and 10 (n = 4,724) years...
August 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730860/prevalence-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-and-other-disruptive-behaviour-disorder-symptoms-among-primary-school-age-children-in-kayseri-turkey
#9
Vesile Senol, Demet Unalan, Raziye Peksen Akca, Mustafa Basturk
Objectives This study aimed to determine the prevalence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), and conduct disorder (CD), and their influencing factors on primary school-age children. Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted among 2045 students, 7-15 years old, who were randomly selected from seven schools in Kayseri, Turkey, in 2012. Participants were stratified by socioeconomic status. Data were collected using the Turgay DSM-IV-Based Child and Adolescent Behavioural Disorders Screening and Rating Scale (T-DSM-IV-S)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728796/-lifetime-psychiatric-disorders-a-comparision-study-between-offspring-of-parents-with-bipolar-disorder-type-i-versus-the-offspring-of-community-controls-parents
#10
Juan David Palacio-Ortiz, Cristian Esteban Peña-Quintero, María Alejandra Gómez-Valero, Paula Andrea Bustamante-Gómez, Pilar Helena Arroyave-Sierra, Cristian David Vargas-Upeguí, Carlos López-Jaramillo
INTRODUCTION: Literature reports show that Bipolar Offspring (BO) present with a wide range of psychiatric disorders. Comparison between BO and Control Parent Offspring (CPO) may help to identify which psychopathological findings are specific to this high-risk group. OBJECTIVE: To compare the psychopathological characteristics between a group of BO type-I and a group of CPO, by identifying the presence of psychiatric disorders according the DSM-IV-TR. METHODS: A descriptive-correlational, cross-sectional and comparative study was conducted with 127 offspring of parents with bipolar disorder type-I from the multimodal intervention program (PRISMA) and with 150 CPO between 6 and 30 years of age...
July 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715786/background-lead-and-mercury-exposures-psychological-and-behavioral-problems-in-children
#11
Brooks B Gump, Matthew J Dykas, James A MacKenzie, Amy K Dumas, Bryce Hruska, Craig K Ewart, Patrick J Parsons, Christopher D Palmer, Kestutis Bendinskas
BACKGROUND: The potential harm from exposure to nonessential metals, particularly mercury (Hg) and lead (Pb), has been the focus of research for years. Initial interest focused on relatively high exposures; however, recent evidence suggests that even background exposures might have adverse consequences for child development. Identifying the extent of these consequences is now a priority. METHODS: We assessed blood Pb and Hg levels in a biracial sample of 9-11 year-old children (N = 203)...
October 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713321/multi-level-family-factors-and-affective-and-behavioral-symptoms-of-oppositional-defiant-disorder-in-chinese-children
#12
Yixin Tang, Xiuyun Lin, Peilian Chi, Qing Zhou, Xiangning Hou
Given the important role of family environment in children's psychological development, the objective of this study was to examine the linkages between family factors at the whole, dyadic, and individual levels and two dimensions (affective and behavioral) of Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) symptoms in Chinese children. Participants comprised of 80 father-child dyads and 169 mother-child dyads from families with ODD children. The results indicated that multilevel family factors were differently associated with children's affective and behavioral ODD symptoms...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702771/evidence-for-the-trait-impulsivity-etiological-model-in-a-clinical-sample-bifactor-structure-and-its-relation-to-impairment-and-environmental-risk
#13
Klaas Rodenacker, Christopher Hautmann, Anja Görtz-Dorten, Manfred Döpfner
The trait-impulsivity etiological model assumes that a general factor (trait-impulsivity) underlies attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), and other externalizing disorders. We investigated the plausibility of this assumption by testing the factor structure of ADHD and ODD in a bifactor framework for a clinical sample of 1420 children between 6 and 18 years of age (M = 9.99, SD = 3.34; 85% male). Further, the trait-impulsivity etiological model assumes that ODD emerges only if environmental risk factors are present...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691955/children-with-obsessive-compulsive-symptomology-in-the-general-population-different-subtypes
#14
Josjan Zijlmans, Reshmi Marhe, Jan van der Ende, Frank C Verhulst, Arne Popma, Henning Tiemeier, Odile A van den Heuvel
OBJECTIVE: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a moderately prevalent neurodevelopmental disorder, and many children suffer from subclinical obsessive-compulsive (OC) symptoms. The disorder is heterogeneous and has high comorbidity rates. In early disease stages of psychiatric disorders, symptoms are typically hard to attribute exclusively to specific disorders. The authors investigated whether profiles of neuropsychiatric symptoms can be distinguished within a large population-based study of school-aged children (7-10 years) scoring high on OC symptoms...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671298/explaining-the-relationship-between-temperament-and-symptoms-of-psychiatric-disorders-from-preschool-to-middle-childhood-hybrid-fixed-and-random-effects-models-of-norwegian-and-spanish-children
#15
Lars Wichstrøm, Eva Penelo, Kristine Rensvik Viddal, Nuria de la Osa, Lourdes Ezpeleta
BACKGROUND: Four explanations for the concurrent and prospective associations between temperament and psychopathology in children have been suggested: predisposition, complication/scar, common cause/continuity, and pathoplasty/exacerbation. Because the confounding effects of common causes have not been ruled out in prior work, the support for the various explanations is uncertain. METHODS: Screen-stratified community samples of 4-year olds in Trondheim, Norway (n = 1,042), and 3-year olds in Barcelona, Spain (n = 622), were assessed biennially for symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity (ADHD), oppositional defiant (ODD), conduct (CD), anxiety, and depressive disorders through interviewer-based psychiatric interviews across four waves of data collection...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670125/risk-factors-for-the-existence-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptoms-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#16
Anna Linda Lamanna, Francesco Craig, Emilia Matera, Marta Simone, Maura Buttiglione, Lucia Margari
Over the years, several authors have reported symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in patients with autism spectrum disorders (ASD); however, studies on the risk factors of ADHD symptoms in children with ASD are lacking. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to identify the risk factors for the development of ADHD symptoms in children with ASD. The sample consisted of 67 children with ASD who were assessed with Conner's Parent Rating Scale-Revised (CPRS-R), and with a semi-structured detailed interview administered to parents, to collect a series of clinical data such as coexisting somatic and neuropsychiatric problems and familial and pre/peri/postpartum risk factors...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665917/brief-psychosis-induced-by-methylphenidate-in-a-child-with-attention-deficit-disorder-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#17
Juan Carlos Martínez-Aguayo, Marcelo Arancibia, Nicolás Meza-Concha, Camila Bustamante, Javier Pérez-Bracchiglione, Eva Madrid
Methylphenidate-induced psychosis has been scarcely studied due to bioethical and neurobiological issues regarding its research. Although some authors have hypothesized that there might be a vulnerability for the development of a major psychiatric disorder in the long term, there is no agreement about the predictive value of this type of psychosis in children and adolescents, and its origin is also uncertain. It has been suggested that higher dopamine levels in some cerebral regions and a family history of mental disorders might increase the risk of psychosis secondary to psychostimulants...
June 21, 2017: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647007/childhood-psychiatric-disorders-as-risk-factor-for-subsequent-substance-abuse-a-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Annabeth P Groenman, Tieme W P Janssen, Jaap Oosterlaan
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prospective risk of developing substance-related disorders after childhood mental health disorders (i.e., attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder [ADHD], oppositional defiant disorder [ODD] or conduct disorder [CD], anxiety disorder, and depression) using meta-analysis. METHOD: PubMed, Embase, and PsycInfo were searched for relevant longitudinal studies that described childhood (<18 years old) ADHD, ODD or CD, anxiety, or depression in relation to later alcohol-, nicotine-, or drug-related disorders or substance use disorders (SUDs) published in peer-reviewed journals in the English language from 1986 to May 2016...
July 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614761/associations-of-phthalates-exposure-with-attention-deficits-hyperactivity-disorder-a-case-control-study-among-chinese-children
#19
Dan Hu, Yi-Xin Wang, Wen-Jing Chen, Yu Zhang, Hong-Hui Li, Li Xiong, Hui-Ping Zhu, Hong-Yan Chen, Song-Xu Peng, Zhi-Hua Wan, Yan Zhang, Yu-Kai Du
Researches on associations between phthalates exposure and child attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are inconsistent. This study aimed to evaluate the associations of urinary phthalates with ADHD, co-occurring oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), related symptoms and behavior problems among Chinese children. We enrolled 225 ADHD cases and 225 healthy controls aged 6-13 years old in Liuzhou, China. Each child provided repeated urine samples at 4 visits. Eight phthalate metabolites were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography and tandem mass spectrometry...
June 11, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607641/lessons-learned-from-the-study-of-masturbation-and-its-comorbidity-with-psychiatric-disorders-in-children-the-first-analytic-study
#20
Ashraf Tashakori, Atefeh Safavi, Sorour Neamatpour
BACKGROUND: The main source of information about children's masturbation is more on the basis of case reports. Due to the lack of consistent and accurate information. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine prevalence and underlying factors of masturbation and its comorbidity with psychiatric disorders in children. METHODS: In this descriptive-analytical study, among the children referred to the Pediatrics Clinic of Psychiatric Ward, Golestan Hospital, Ahvaz, Southwest Iran, 98 children were selected by convenience sampling in 2014...
April 2017: Electronic Physician
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