keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Preoperative cardiovascular evaluation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121664/does-preoperative-mechanical-prophylaxis-have-additional-effectiveness-in-preventing-postoperative-venous-thromboembolism-in-elderly-patients-with-hip-fracture-retrospective-case-control-study
#1
Ji-Hoon Nam, Dae-Hwan Kim, Je-Hyun Yoo, Ji-Hyo Hwang, Jun-Dong Chang
BACKGROUND: Elderly patients undergoing hip fracture surgery (HFS) are at increased risk of postoperative venous thromboembolism (VTE). To reduce this risk, combined postoperative mechanical and chemical thromboprophylaxis has been routinely performed after HFS in these patients. This retrospective case-control study was conducted to evaluate the additional effectiveness of preoperative mechanical thromboprophylaxis for the prevention of VTE following HFS in elderly patients. METHODS: Of 539 consecutive patients aged 70 years or older undergoing HFS, 404 (control group) did not receive preoperative mechanical thromboprophylaxis, while 135 (study group) received mechanical thromboprophylaxis using an intermittent pneumatic compression device and graduated compression stockings from the time of admission until surgery...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116209/preoperative-n-terminal-pro-b-type-natriuretic-peptide-concertation-and-prognosis-of-brain-tumor-patients-a-5-year-follow-up-study
#2
Adomas Bunevicius, Vytenis Deltuva, Edward R Laws, Giorgio Iervasi, Arimantas Tamsauskas, Robertas Bunevicius
Increased N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) concentration predicts poor prognosis of non-CNS cancer patients. We evaluated the association of NT-proBNP concentration with disease severity, discharge outcomes and prognosis of patients undergoing craniotomy for brain tumor. From January, 2010 until September, 2011 two-hundred and forty-five patients (age 55.05 ± 14.62 years) admitted for brain tumor surgery were evaluated for NT-proBNP serum concentration. Outcome at hospital discharge was evaluated with the Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS)...
November 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107488/perioperative-complications-of-total-knee-arthroplasty-in-dialysis-patients
#3
Shih-Hsiang Yen, Jen-Hung Chen, Yu-Der Lu, Jun-Wen Wang
BACKGROUND: Total hip arthroplasty in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) may be associated with a high complication rate. However, the perioperative complication and mortality rates in these patients after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) have rarely been investigated. The purposes of this study were to measure the mortality and complication rates and to evaluate the 2- to 10-year clinical outcome of TKA in dialysis patients at our hospital during the past decade. METHODS: We retrospectively assessed 21 patients (26 knees) with ESRD who underwent primary TKA between 2007 and 2015...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099366/cardiovascular-considerations-for-the-dental-practitioner-1-review-of-cardiac-anatomy-and-preoperative-evaluation
#4
Kenneth Kufta, Mana Saraghi, Helen Giannakopoulos
Cardiovascular disease is the most prevalent chronic medical condition in patients treated in a dental setting. Therefore, dental practitioners must have a sound understanding of cardiovascular anatomy and physiology. Dentists also should be equipped to perform an effective preoperative cardiovascular examination and determine when medical consultation is necessary in higher risk patients. This article provides an overview of cardiovascular anatomy and physiology and discusses evaluation of cardiac risk factors with the aim of enabling dentists to effectively assess patients for potential cardiovascular events, thereby avoiding cardiovascular emergencies in the dental setting...
November 2017: General Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098342/preoperative-evaluation-of-adult-patients-before-elective-noncardiothoracic-surgery-joint-recommendation-of-the-german-society-of-anesthesiology-and-intensive-care-medicine-the-german-society-of-surgery-and-the-german-society-of-internal-medicine
#5
REVIEW
B Zwissler
Evaluation of the patient's medical history and a physical examination are the cornerstones of risk assessment prior to elective surgery, and may help to optimize the patient's preoperative medical condition and guide perioperative management. Whether performance of additional technical tests (e. g., blood chemistry, electrocardiography, spirometry, chest x‑ray) can contribute to reduction of the perioperative risk is often not well known or controversial. Similarly, there is considerable uncertainty among anesthesiologists, internists, and surgeons with respect to perioperative management of the patient's long-term medication...
November 2, 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092740/preoperative-aldosterone-receptor-blockade-and-outcomes-of-cardiac-surgery-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease%C3%A2
#6
Linda Shavit, Shuli Silberman, Rachel Tauber, Ofer Merin, Daniel Bitran, Daniel Fink
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Recent clinical evidence demonstrates that chronic low-dose mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists (MRA), when added to optimal treatment, result in reductions in cardiovascular mortality. However, continuation of MRAs before cardiac surgery in patients with CKD has never been evaluated and its potential benefit or harm in this specific clinical setting is largely unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is an observational study that included adult CKD patients undergoing cardiac surgery...
October 26, 2017: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049799/neurological-outcome-and-efficacy-of-intensive-craniocervical-screening-for-elective-cardiac-surgery
#7
Ken-Ichi Imasaka, Eiki Tayama, Shigeki Morita, Yukihiro Tomita
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of intensive craniocervical screening before elective cardiovascular surgery. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 1134 consecutive patients who underwent routine screening before cardiovascular surgery between November 2004 and December 2014 was conducted. The study was divided into 2 distinct cohorts of patients undergoing surgery: before (n = 500) and after (n = 634) the introduction of intensive screening in January 2009...
September 26, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049563/red-cell-distribution-width-is-a-prognostic-marker-of-perioperative-stroke-in-patients-undergoing-cardiac-valve-surgery
#8
Piotr Duchnowski, Tomasz Hryniewiecki, Mariusz Kusmierczyk, Piotr Szymanski
OBJECTIVES: Numerous studies have shown that elevated red cell distribution width (RDW) is associated with poor outcomes in patients with cardiovascular diseases such as coronary artery disease, peripheral artery disease or stroke. The usefulness of the RDW as a predictor of perioperative stroke in patients with valve disease undergoing valve surgery is currently unknown. The aim of the study was to evaluate the prognostic value of RDW for stroke in the early postoperative period in patients undergoing valve replacement or repair surgery...
July 7, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043547/age-related-effects-of-bariatric-surgery-on-early-atherosclerosis-and-cardiovascular-risk-reduction
#9
Frederik H W Jonker, Vera A A van Houten, Leontine H Wijngaarden, René A Klaassen, André A E A de Smet, André Niezen, Lodewijk J D M Schelfhout, Tobias A Bruning, Erwin van der Harst
BACKGROUND: Carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) is increasingly used as a prognostic indicator for early atherosclerosis and the development of cardiovascular disease. The objective of this study is to assess the exact effects of bariatric surgery on CIMT reduction in different age groups. METHODS: CIMT was measured just proximal to the bifurcation of the carotid artery in 166 patients with mean body mass index of 43.4 kg/m(2) before and at 6 and 12 months after bariatric surgery...
October 17, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042700/preoperative-risk-factors-for-conversion-of-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-to-open-cholecystectomy-and-the-usefulness-of-the-2013-tokyo-guidelines
#10
Masashi Utsumi, Hideki Aoki, Tomoyoshi Kunitomo, Yutaka Mushiake, Isao Yasuhara, Fumitaka Taniguchi, Takashi Arata, Koh Katsuda, Kohji Tanakaya, Hitoshi Takeuchi
To identify predictive factors for conversion from laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) to open cholecystectomy performed for mixed indications as an acute or elective procedure. We retrospectively analyzed the data of 236 consecutive cases of LC performed in our department between January 2012 and January 2015, and evaluated preoperative risk factors for conversion and the usefulness of the 2013 Tokyo guidelines (TG2013) for diagnosing acute cholecystitis. The conversion rate in our series was 8% (19/236 cases)...
October 2017: Acta Medica Okayama
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039839/-the-role-of-integrated-assessment-of-the-indicators-of-external-respiration-function-in-cardiac-surgical-patients
#11
O V Kamenskaja, A S Klinkova, I Ju Loginova, V V Lomivorotov, D N Ponomarev, D V Habarov, V N Lomivorotov
This literature review dedicated to the importance of an integrated assessment of external respiratory function in cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), including an analysis of up-to-date techniques, such as spirometry, body plethysmography, examination of the diffusing capacity of the lung, determination of O2 consumption with evaluation of the effectiveness of pulmonary ventilation. It considers the pathogenetic components of impairments in pulmonary ventilation and gas exchange, which develop in different CVDs, as well as during and after cardiac surgery...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025386/preoperative-cardiac-risk-assessment-in-renal-transplant-recipients-a-single-center-experience
#12
Kerem Can Yilmaz, Arzu Neslihan Akgün, Orcun Ciftci, Haldun Muderrisoglu, Siren Sezer, Gokhan Moray, Mehmet Haberal
OBJECTIVES: Cardiovascular disease is the major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients on renal replacement therapy and in kidney transplant recipients. There are no specific recommendations for preoperative cardiac risk assessment before renal transplant. The aim of our study was to analyze preoperative cardiac test frequencies, test results, patient characteristics, and relations between cardiac stress test results and severe coronary artery disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively examined patients who underwent renal transplant between December 2011 and December 2016 in our hospital (Ankara, Turkey)...
October 12, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025297/liver-transplantation-in-patients-with-cardiac-disease
#13
Christopher L Wray
Liver transplantation (LT) is a unique surgical procedure that has major hemodynamic and cardiovascular implications. Recently, there has been significant interest focused on cardiovascular issues that affect LT patients in all phases of the perioperative period. The preoperative cardiac evaluation is a major step in the selection of LT candidates. LT candidates are aging in concordance with the general population; cardiovascular disease and their risk factors are highly associated with older age. Underlying cardiovascular disease has the potential to affect outcomes in LT patients and has a major impact on candidate selection...
October 1, 2017: Seminars in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024491/surgical-morbidity-and-mortality-in-patients-after-microvascular-reconstruction-for-head-and-neck-cancer
#14
Young-Hoon Joo, Kwang-Jae Cho, Jun-Ook Park, Sang-Yeon Kim, Min-Sik Kim
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to evaluate the importance of clinical factors in the prediction of postoperative complications in patients with microvascular reconstruction for head and neck squamous cell cancer (HNSCC). DESIGN: A retrospective review of case notes was performed. SETTING: Patients treated at a single institute. PARTICIPANTS: The present study included 259 patients with HNSCC treated with radical surgery and microvascular reconstruction between 1993 and 2014...
October 11, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992971/diabetes-mellitus-adversely-affects-mortality-and-recurrence-after-valve-surgery-for-infective-endocarditis
#15
Daisuke Yoshioka, Koichi Toda, Jun-Ya Yokoyama, Ryohei Matsuura, Shigeru Miyagawa, Satoshi Kainuma, Taichi Sakaguchi, Masayuki Sakaki, Hiroyuki Nishi, Yukitoshi Shirakawa, Keiji Iwata, Hitoshi Suhara, Ryoto Sakaniwa, Hirotsugu Fukuda, Yoshiki Sawa
BACKGROUND: Although diabetes mellitus (DM) increases the incidence of infective endocarditis (IE), little is known about the outcome of valve surgery for active IE in patients with DM. We evaluated the clinical outcomes of valve surgery for IE in patients with DM. METHODS: Between 2009 and 2016, 470 patients underwent valve surgery for definitive left-sided active IE at 12 affiliated hospitals. We compared the preoperative variables and clinical outcomes between patients without (n = 374) and with DM (n = 96)...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987158/atrial-function-as-an-independent-predictor-of%C3%A2-postoperative-atrial-fibrillation-in-patients-undergoing-aortic-valve-surgery-for-severe-aortic%C3%A2-stenosis
#16
Matteo Pernigo, Giovanni Benfari, Giulia Geremia, Manjola Noni, Gianluca Borio, Gloria Mazzali, Mauro Zamboni, Francesco Onorati, Giuseppe Faggian, Corrado Vassanelli, Andrea Rossi
BACKGROUND: Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) is a common, clinically relevant, but hardly predictable complication after surgical aortic valve replacement. The aim of this study was to test the role of preoperative left atrial longitudinal strain as a predictor of POAF in clinical practice. METHODS: Sixty patients scheduled for aortic valve replacement for severe isolated aortic stenosis, in stable sinus rhythm, were prospectively enrolled and underwent full clinical, biochemical, and transthoracic echocardiographic assessment on the day before surgery...
October 2017: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980298/hematologic-indices-as-predictors-of-atrial-fibrillation-following-isolated-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-valvular-surgery-or-combined-procedures-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#17
Alexander Weymann, Sadeq Ali-Hasan-Al-Saegh, Aron-Frederik Popov, Anton Sabashnikov, Seyed Jalil Mirhosseini, Tong Liu, Gary Tse, Mohammadreza Lotfaliani, Azam Ghanei, Luca Testa, Fabrizio D'Ascenzo, Umberto Benedetto, Hamidreza Dehghan, Leonardo Roever, Michel Pompeu Barros de Oliveira Sá, William L Baker, Senol Yavuz, Mohamed Zeriouh, Ahmed Mashhour, Luis Nombela-Franco, Jae-Sik Jang, Lei Meng, Mengqi Gong, Abhishek J Deshmukh, Tullio Palmerini, Cecilia Linde, Krzysztof J Filipiak, Giuseppe Biondi-Zoccai, Hugh Calkins, Gregg W Stone
BACKGROUND: New postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) is one of the most critical and common complications after cardiovascular surgery precipitating early and late morbidities. Complete blood count (CBC) is an imperative blood test in clinical practice routinely used in the examination of cardiovascular diseases. This systematic review with meta-analysis aimed to determine the strength of evidence for evaluating the association of hematological indices in the CBC tests with atrial fibrillation following isolated coronary artery bypass graft (CABG), isolated valvular surgery or combination of these treatments...
October 5, 2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976400/-perioperative-assessment-of-elderly-patient-with-cardiovascular-disease
#18
Evrim Şimşek, Cahide Soydaş Çınar
Elderly people who require surgery is increasing as a resul of increased life expectancy. Surgery is a major stress factor for all patients however older patients have limited reserve to handle this stress. In this review preoperative assessment of cardiovascular reserve in elderly population and major subjects to take attention in perioperative period were evaluated according to recent guidelines and literatüre.
September 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974076/association-between-preoperative-pulse-pressure-and-perioperative-myocardial-injury-an-international-observational-cohort-study-of-patients-undergoing-non-cardiac-surgery
#19
T E F Abbott, R M Pearse, R A Archbold, A Wragg, E Kam, T Ahmad, A W Khan, E Niebrzegowska, R N Rodseth, P J Devereaux, G L Ackland
Background: The management of elevated blood pressure before non-cardiac surgery remains controversial. Pulse pressure is a stronger predictor of cardiovascular morbidity in the general population than systolic blood pressure alone. We hypothesized that preoperative pulse pressure was associated with perioperative myocardial injury. Methods: This is a secondary analysis of the Vascular Events in Non-cardiac Surgery Patients Cohort Evaluation (VISION) international cohort study...
July 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973220/effect-of-individualized-vs-standard-blood-pressure-management-strategies-on-postoperative-organ-dysfunction-among-high-risk-patients-undergoing-major-surgery-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Emmanuel Futier, Jean-Yves Lefrant, Pierre-Gregoire Guinot, Thomas Godet, Emmanuel Lorne, Philippe Cuvillon, Sebastien Bertran, Marc Leone, Bruno Pastene, Vincent Piriou, Serge Molliex, Jacques Albanese, Jean-Michel Julia, Benoit Tavernier, Etienne Imhoff, Jean-Etienne Bazin, Jean-Michel Constantin, Bruno Pereira, Samir Jaber
Importance: Perioperative hypotension is associated with an increase in postoperative morbidity and mortality, but the appropriate management strategy remains uncertain. Objective: To evaluate whether an individualized blood pressure management strategy tailored to individual patient physiology could reduce postoperative organ dysfunction. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Intraoperative Norepinephrine to Control Arterial Pressure (INPRESS) study was a multicenter, randomized, parallel-group clinical trial conducted in 9 French university and nonuniversity hospitals...
October 10, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
keyword
keyword
32692
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"