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Sandra Grace, Roger Engel, Ian Jalsion
The Australian chiropractic and osteopathic professions underwent a period of significant transformation between 1960 and 2000. This resulted in an improvement in the views held by the medical profession towards the two professions. However, a recent survey of Australian general practitioners (GPs) reported that a number of GPs still hold negative views towards chiropractors and osteopaths. This paper examines these views from the perspective of critical realism and explores the generative mechanisms that can influence the willingness of health practitioners to collaborate over patient care...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
J Cai, W Li, T Sun, X Li, E Luo, D Jing
The effects of exogenous pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) stimulation on T1DM-associated osteopathy were investigated in alloxan-treated rabbits. We found that PEMF improved bone architecture, mechanical properties, and porous titanium (pTi) osseointegration by promoting bone anabolism through a canonical Wnt/β-catenin signaling-associated mechanism, and revealed the clinical potential of PEMF stimulation for the treatment of T1DM-associated bone complications. INTRODUCTION: Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is associated with deteriorated bone architecture and impaired osseous healing potential; nonetheless, effective methods for resisting T1DM-associated osteopenia/osteoporosis and promoting bone defect/fracture healing are still lacking...
March 9, 2018: Osteoporosis International
M Sauvan, N Chabbert-Buffet, M Canis, P Collinet, X Fritel, S Geoffron, G Legendre, J-M Wattier, H Fernandez
OBJECTIVE: To provide clinical practice guidelines for the management of painful endometriosis in women without infertility. METHODS: Systematic review of the literature literature since 2006, level of evidence rating, external proofreading and grading of the recommendation grade by an expert group according to HAS methodology. RESULTS: Combined hormonal contraceptives (COP) and the levonorgestrel-releasing intra-uterin system (LNG-IUS) are recommended as first-line hormonal therapies for the treatment of painful endometriosis (grade B)...
March 3, 2018: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
J-M Wattier
A major symptom of endometriosis is pelvic pain with a wide range of intensity, rhythm, type, and expression, without clearly established relationship between pain and the disease. Endometriosis-associated pain has physical, psychological/behavioral and social consequences with a significant impact on patient quality-of-life in relation with the biopsychosocial model of chronic pain. Pain assessment in all of its dimensions, as well as assessing the consequences of pain is therefore a crucial part of therapeutic management...
March 3, 2018: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
Aynur Amanzholkyzy, Rose E Nurgalieva, Arystan Zh Dosimov, Edgaras Stankevicius, Ayman T Kaldybaeva
BACKGROUND (OBJECTIVES): The objective of the article is studying the connection of VDR gene polymorphisms with bone tissue mineral density and biochemical marker of 25-PO vitamin D in adolescents of both ethnic groups, living in Western Kazakhstan Region. METHODS: The study included 110 relatively healthy children aged 13-18 years of Aktobe, the representatives of Kazakh ethnic group e 66 (Kazakh children) and Slavonic e 44 (Russian children). The groups were formed according to BTMD data, ethnic affiliation and according to content of vitamin D and gene polymorphism of vitamin D (VDR)...
February 2018: Journal of the National Medical Association
Brett Vaughan, Sandra Grace
Background: Peer physical examination (PPE) is a teaching and learning strategy utilised in most health profession education programs. Perceptions of participating in PPE have been described in the literature, focusing on areas of the body students are willing, or unwilling, to examine. A small number of questionnaires exist to evaluate these perceptions, however none have described the measurement properties that may allow them to be used longitudinally. The present study undertook a Mokken scale analysis of the Peer Physical Examination Questionnaire (PPEQ) to evaluate its dimensionality and structure when used with Australian osteopathy students...
2018: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
E N Gonc, A Ozon, G Buyukyilmaz, A Alikasifoglu, O P Simsek, N Kandemir
Juvenile Paget's disease (JPD) is a rare autosomal recessive osteopathy. There is still a question about the most effective treatment modality in long-term prognosis. A 9-month-old boy who suffered from bone pain and deformities with a very high alkaline phosphatase level was diagnosed as JPD by radiographic findings. Genetic analysis showed a homozygous large deletion in TNFRSF11B gene encoding osteoprotegerin. Clinical improvement was observed with intravenous pamidronate therapy. However, the effect of drug reduced in time so the annual dose per kilogram body weight was increased after 2 years...
March 3, 2018: Osteoporosis International
Gorazd Vengušt, Diana Žele, Tanja Švara, Tamara Dolenšek
Aspergillus fumigatus is one of the most common Aspergillus species causing disease in individual animals but it rarely affects deer species. We report a case of A. fumigatus infection causing mycotic pneumonia and hypertrophic osteopathy in a roe deer ( Capreolus capreolus).
March 2, 2018: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
Masafumi Kurajoh, Masaaki Inaba, Yuki Nagata, Shinsuke Yamada, Yasuo Imanishi, Masanori Emoto
Coexistence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is regarded as a risk for osteoporotic fracture particularly in postmenopausal women, not only because of increased parathyroid hormone level but also uremic sarcopenia. We examined the relationships of cystatin C-based glomerular filtration rate (eGFRcys) and creatinine-based GFR (eGFRcr), as well as their ratio with occurrence of osteoporotic fracture in postmenopausal osteoporotic women. This cross-sectional study included 555 postmenopausal women with osteoporosis...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
Andrew S Harwich
Objective: The objective of this study was to describe the initial stage of a generalized theory of high-velocity, low-amplitude thrust (HVLAT) techniques for joint manipulation. Methods: This study examined the movements described by authors from the fields of osteopathy, chiropractic, and physical therapy to produce joint cavitation in both the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joint and the cervical spine apophysial joint. This study qualitatively compared the kinetics, the similarities, and the differences between MCP cavitation and cervical facet joint cavitation...
December 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Humanities
Chantal Morin, Johanne Desrosiers, Isabelle Gaboury
Osteopathy is a complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) that is growing in popularity. Increasing numbers of parents are seeking pediatric osteopathic care in addition to conventional medical care. Information about the development of interprofessional collaboration (IPC) between these practitioners is scarce. This explanatory sequential mixed methods study aimed to explore enablers of and barriers to the development of IPC between physicians and osteopaths involved with pediatric patients in primary care in Quebec, Canada...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
Albin Guillaud, Nelly Darbois, Richard Monvoisin, Nicolas Pinsault
BACKGROUND: In 2010, the World Health Organization published benchmarks for training in osteopathy in which osteopathic visceral techniques are included. The purpose of this study was to identify and critically appraise the scientific literature concerning the reliability of diagnosis and the clinical efficacy of techniques used in visceral osteopathy. METHODS: Databases MEDLINE, OSTMED.DR, the Cochrane Library, Osteopathic Research Web, Google Scholar, Journal of American Osteopathic Association (JAOA) website, International Journal of Osteopathic Medicine (IJOM) website, and the catalog of Académie d'ostéopathie de France website were searched through December 2017...
February 17, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
J Vagt, O Distl
This study investigated familial relationships among Deutsch Drahthaar dogs with craniomandibular osteopathy and examined the most likely mode of inheritance. Sixteen Deutsch Drahthaar dogs with craniomandibular osteopathy were diagnosed using clinical findings, radiography or computed tomography. All 16 dogs with craniomandibular osteopathy had one common ancestor. Complex segregation analyses rejected models explaining the segregation of craniomandibular osteopathy through random environmental variation, monogenic inheritance or an additive sex effect...
January 2018: Veterinary Journal
Sabrina Chiloiro, Gherardo Mazziotti, Antonella Giampietro, Antonio Bianchi, Stefano Frara, Marilda Mormando, Alfredo Pontecorvi, Andrea Giustina, Laura De Marinis
PURPOSE: Acromegalic osteopathy is an emerging complication of acromegaly characterized by increase in bone turnover, deterioration in bone microarchitecture and high risk of vertebral fractures (VFs). Somatostatin receptor ligands (SRLs) and pegvisomant (PegV) are used for treatment of acromegaly and there is evidence that both drugs may exert direct effects on peripheral targets regardless of biochemical control of disease. However, whether or not SRLs and PegV may directly influence skeletal health its is unknown...
February 3, 2018: Pituitary
Samuel Morris, James Booth
PURPOSE: This study reports the results of a registry data collection project within a secondary care spinal osteopathy service. METHODS: Clinical and demographic data were collected using the Spine Tango Conservative registry data collection tool. Outcomes were assessed using the Numerical Pain Rating Scale (NPRS), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), Neck Disability Index (NDI), COMI Low Back Conservative (COMI-LBC), COMI Neck Conservative (COMI-NC) and EQ5D. Global treatment outcome (GTO), satisfaction with care and therapeutic complications were reported using the Spine Tango Patient Self Assessment form (STPSA)...
January 31, 2018: European Spine Journal
Matthias Riedel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 19, 2018: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
Ang Peng Wong, Yaman Walid Kassab, Abdul Latiff Mohamed, Amelah Mohammed Abdul Qader
Hypertension is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality. Worldwide, Hypertension is estimated to cause 7.5 million deaths, about 12.8% of the total of all deaths. This accounts for 57 million disability adjusted life years (DALYS) or 3.7% of total DALYS. This led WHO to set a target of 25% reduction in prevalence by 2025. To reach that, WHO has adopted non-conventional methods for the management of hypertension? Despite worldwide popularity of such non-conventional therapies, only small volume of evidence exists that supports its effectiveness...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Bruno Luis Amoroso Borges, Gustavo Luiz Bortolazzo, Hugo Pasin Neto
BACKGROUND: The analysis of heart rate variability is important to the investigation of stimuli from the autonomic nervous system. Osteopathy is a form of treatment that can influence this system in healthy individuals as well as those with a disorder or disease. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to perform a systematic review of the literature regarding the effect of spinal manipulation and myofascial techniques on heart rate variability. METHODS: Searches were performed of the Pubmed, Scielo, Lilacs, PEDro, Ibesco, Cochrane and Scopus databases for relevant studies...
January 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Solveig Wiesener, Anita Salamonsen, Vinjar Fønnebø
BACKGROUND: Many European citizens are seeking complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). These treatments are regulated very differently in the EU/EFTA countries. This may demonstrate differences in how risk associated with the use of CAM is perceived. Since most CAM treatments are practiced fairly similarly across Europe, differing risk understandings may influence patient safety for European CAM users. The overall aim of this article is thus to contribute to an overview and awareness of possible differing risk understandings in the field of CAM at a policymaking/structural level in Europe...
January 10, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Martina Ann Kelly, Lara Nixon, Caitlin McClurg, Albert Scherpbier, Nigel King, Tim Dornan
Touch mediates health professionals' interactions with patients. Different professionals have reported their practices but what is currently lacking is a well-theorized, interprofessional synthesis. We systematically searched eight databases, identified 41 studies in seven professions-nursing (27), medicine (4), physiotherapy (5), osteopathy (1), counseling (2), psychotherapy (1), dentistry (1)-and completed a meta-ethnographic line-of-argument synthesis. This found that touch is caring, exercises power, and demands safe space...
January 2018: Qualitative Health Research
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