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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163654/epistemic-cultures-in-complementary-medicine-knowledge-making-in-university-departments-of-osteopathy-and-chinese-medicine
#1
Caragh Brosnan
There is increasing pressure on complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) to follow the evidence-based approach promoted in allied health and medicine, in which the randomised control trial represents the evidence gold standard. However, many CAM advocates see these methods as undermining the holism of CAM practice. This paper explores how such tensions are managed in CAM university departments - settings in which particular forms of knowledge and evidence are given 'official' imprimatur by CAM educators and researchers...
May 3, 2016: Health Sociology Review: the Journal of the Health Section of the Australian Sociological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150122/use-of-non-conventional-medicine-two-years-after-cancer-diagnosis-in-france-evidence-from-the-vican-survey
#2
Aline Sarradon-Eck, Anne-Déborah Bouhnik, Dominique Rey, Marc-Karim Bendiane, Laetitia Huiart, Patrick Peretti-Watel
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the use of non-conventional medicine (NCM) in a representative sample of French patients 2 years after cancer diagnosis. METHODS: The study was based on data obtained in the VICAN survey (2012) on a representative sample of 4349 patients 2 years after cancer diagnosis. Self-reported data were collected at telephone interviews with patients. The questionnaire addressed the various types of non-conventional treatments used at the time of the survey...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104901/reliability-of-a-clinical-reasoning-viva-assessment-in-an-australian-pre-professional-osteopathy-program-based-on-generalizability-theory
#3
Brett Vaughan, Paul Orrock, Sandra Grace
Clinical reasoning is situation-dependent and case-specific therefore assessment across different patient presentations is warranted. The present study aims to know if reliability of multi-station case-based viva assessment of clinical reasoning in an Australian pre-registration osteopathy program based on generalizability theory. Students (year 4 and 5) and examiners were recruited from the osteopathy program at Southern Cross University, Lismore, Australia. The study took place on a single day in the student teaching clinic...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102153/manual-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-idiopathic-scoliosis-analysis-of-current-knowledge
#4
Dariusz Czaprowski
BACKGROUND: Apart from the recommended specific physiotherapy, the treatment of idiopathic scoliosis (IS) also incorporates non-specific manual therapy (NMT). The aim of this paper is to assess the efficacy of NMT (manual therapy, chiropractic, osteopathy) used in the treatment of children and adolescents with IS. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study analysed systematic reviews (Analysis 1) and other recent scientific publications (Analysis 2). Analysis 1 encompassed papers on the use of NMT in patients with IS...
October 28, 2016: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091407/clinical-characteristics-of-patients-with-drug-induced-liver-injury
#5
Li-Xia Yang, Cheng-Yuan Liu, Lun-Li Zhang, Ling-Ling Lai, Ming Fang, Chong Zhang
BACKGROUND: Drug is an important cause of liver injury and accounts for up to 40% of instances of fulminant hepatic failure. Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is increasing while the diagnosis becomes more difficult. Though many drugs may cause DILI, Chinese herbal medicines have recently emerged as a major cause due to their extensive use in China. We aimed to provide drug safety information to patients and health carers by analyzing the clinical and pathological characteristics of the DILI and the associated drug types...
2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029069/effectiveness-of-osteopathic-manipulative-treatment-versus-osteopathy-in-the-cranial-field-in-temporomandibular-disorders-a-pilot-study
#6
Christina Gesslbauer, Nadja Vavti, Mohammad Keilani, Michael Mickel, Richard Crevenna
PURPOSE: Temporomandibular disorders are a common musculoskeletal condition causing severe pain, physical and psychological disability. The effect and evidence of osteopathic manipulative treatment and osteopathy in the cranial field is scarce and their use are controversial. The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate the effectiveness of osteopathic manipulative treatment and osteopathy in the cranial field in temporomandibular disorders. METHODS: A randomized clinical trial in patients with temporomandibular disorders was performed...
December 28, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027445/efficacy-of-an-osteopathic-treatment-coupled-with-lactation-consultations-for-infants-biomechanical-sucking-difficulties
#7
Juliette Herzhaft-Le Roy, Marianne Xhignesse, Isabelle Gaboury
BACKGROUND: Despite well-known recommendations from national and international bodies including the World Health Organization, few mothers achieve the goal of breastfeeding exclusively for 6 months. Half of mothers stop breastfeeding due to biomechanical issues in the first month, despite increasing support from lactation consultants. Osteopaths worldwide work with these babies, but there is little empirical evidence for this type of treatment. Research aim: This study aimed to determine the efficacy of an osteopathic treatment coupled with usual lactation consultations on infants' ability to latch...
February 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936211/reliability-of-diagnosis-and-clinical-efficacy-of-cranial-osteopathy-a-systematic-review
#8
Albin Guillaud, Nelly Darbois, Richard Monvoisin, Nicolas Pinsault
CONTEXT: In 2010, the World Health Organization released benchmarks for training in osteopathy in which they considered cranial osteopathy as an important osteopathic skill. However, the evidence supporting the reliability of diagnosis and the efficacy of treatment in this field appears scientifically weak and inconsistent. OBJECTIVES: To identify and critically evaluate the scientific literature dealing with the reliability of diagnosis and the clinical efficacy of techniques and therapeutic strategies used in cranial osteopathy...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928168/hypertrophic-osteopathy-secondary-to-metastatic-ovarian-adenocarcinoma-in-a-mare
#9
Nimet S Browne, William K Scarratt, John Robertson
A 10-year-old Andalusian mare was presented for evaluation of weight loss, increasing periods of recumbency, and swelling of the lower limbs. Radiographs revealed severe palisading to solid periosteal new bone formation in numerous locations. Necropsy revealed a metastatic malignant adenocarcinoma of ovarian origin with secondary hypertrophic osteopathy.
December 2016: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911972/integrating-behavioral-health-into-pediatric-primary-care-implications-for-provider-time-and-cost
#10
Natasha Gouge, Jodi Polaha, Rachel Rogers, Amy Harden
OBJECTIVES: Integrating a behavioral health consultant (BHC) into primary care is associated with improved patient outcomes, fewer medical visits, and increased provider satisfaction; however, few studies have evaluated the feasibility of this model from an operations perspective. Specifically, time and cost have been identified as barriers to implementation. Our study aimed to examine time spent, patient volume, and revenue generated during days when the on-site BHC was available compared with days when the consultant was not...
December 2016: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889288/quiet-dissent-the-attitudes-beliefs-and-behaviours-of-uk-osteopaths-who-reject-low-back-pain-guidance-a-qualitative-study
#11
Joanna Figg-Latham, Dévan Rajendran
INTRODUCTION: Clinical guidelines are derived from best research evidence and aim to: improve quality of non-specific low back pain (nsLBP) management and identify patients at risk of suffering chronic pain. However, guideline discordant attitudes and beliefs have been identified in healthcare students and practitioners, including osteopaths. DESIGN: A qualitative approach with elements of grounded theory was used to explore underlying attitudes and beliefs of practitioners/students working in a British osteopathic education institution...
October 18, 2016: Manual Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880073/an-interprofessional-health-assessment-program-in-rural-amateur-sport
#12
Sandra Grace, Rosanne Coutts
Effective interprofessional learning (IPL) in multisectoral collaborations such as those linking health services within communities can provide an authentic experience for students and also appears to be the most effective way to achieve health changes in targeted population groups. The aim of this study was to facilitate the IPL of students at a rural university in a multisectoral health assessment programme and to promote health in players of rural amateur sport. Two rural rugby league teams took part in three pre-season health assessments conducted by general medical practitioners, practice nurses, and nursing, osteopathy, and exercise science students...
January 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878959/students-today%C3%A2-educators-tomorrow
#13
Keri Moore, Brett Vaughan
BACKGROUND: The article describes the use of the mini clinical examination (mini-CEX) in a pilot study to introduce peer assessment in one allied health programme to explore students' capacity as clinical educators. Preparing today's pre-professional health students to be clinical educators by engaging them in peer teaching, learning and assessment may encourage them to become tomorrow's clinical educators. CONTEXT: Peer assessment is common among many undergraduate medical and allied health programmes, and is typically used as a means of providing students with feedback on their clinical skill development...
November 22, 2016: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865423/embryonal-rhabdomyosarcoma-of-the-oesophagus-in-a-young-dog
#14
N Devriendt, L Van Brantegem, A Willems, E Raes, H de Rooster
A 15-month-old great Dane dog, showing clinical signs related to hypertrophic osteopathy, was diagnosed radiographically with a mass in the region of the thoracic oesophagus. Exploratory thoracotomy revealed an extensive, highly vascularized and locally invasive oesophageal mass and the presence of nodules in adjacent lung lobes. The dog was humanely destroyed intra-operatively. Histological examination revealed that the mass was an embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma. This is the first report of rhabdomyosarcoma of the oesophagus of a dog...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852531/osteopathic-manipulative-treatment-a-systematic-review-and-critical-appraisal-of-comparative-effectiveness-and-health-economics-research
#15
REVIEW
Amie Steel, Tobias Sundberg, Rebecca Reid, Lesley Ward, Felicity L Bishop, Matthew Leach, Holger Cramer, Jon Wardle, Jon Adams
In recent years, evidence has emerged regarding the effectiveness of osteopathic manipulative treatments (OMT). Despite growing evidence in this field, there is need for appropriate research designs that effectively reflect the person-centred system of care promoted in osteopathy and provide data which can inform policy decisions within the healthcare system. The purpose of this systematic review is to identify, appraise and synthesise the evidence from comparative effectiveness and economic evaluation research involving OMT...
October 29, 2016: Manual Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845175/the-role-of-gentle-touch-in-perinatal-osteopathic-manual-therapy
#16
REVIEW
Francis McGlone, Francesco Cerritelli, Susannah Walker, Jorge Esteves
Osteopathic medicine is a system of manual diagnosis and treatment. While there is growing evidence that osteopathy is effective in a range of clinical conditions, the underlying biological basis of its therapeutic effects remain largely unknown. Given that the sense of touch plays a critical role in osteopathy, in this perspective article, with a particular focus on perinatal care, we explore the potential mechanisms by which stimulation of the skin senses can exert beneficial physiological and psychological effects, aiding growth and development...
January 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822360/an-indication-of-current-views-of-australian-general-practitioners-towards-chiropractic-and-osteopathy-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Roger M Engel, Robyn Beirman, Sandra Grace
BACKGROUND: While the role of complementary medicine therapies such as chiropractic and osteopathy is yet to be clearly delineated in the Australian context, demand for these services remains high. The attitudes of general practitioners towards chiropractors and osteopaths may have played a part in producing this outcome. However, this view is based on data that were more than 10 years old. Current anecdotal evidence suggests that the previous level of support may be declining in sections of the Australian medical profession...
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815949/total-hip-arthroplasty-in-paget-s-disease-a-review
#18
Vineet Tyagi, Claudette Lajam, Ajit J Deshmukh
Paget's disease of the bone is a chronic osteopathy that leads to structural weakness, hypervascularity, and bone deformities. Rapid bone turnover in patients with Paget's disease may affect outcomes following total hip arthroplasty (THA). Most literature on THA in the setting of Paget's disease is limited to isolated case reports or case series documenting a single institution experience. By completing a comprehensive analysis of the available cases, this study aims to investigate the outcomes and complications of THA in patients with Paget's disease...
November 2016: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800081/-bone-hydatid-cyst-a-rare-localization-at-the-level-of-the-hip-bone
#19
Yassine Nhamoucha, Othmane Alaoui, Aliou Doumbia, Mohammed Oukhoya, Hicham Abdellaoui, Mohammed Tazi, Lamyae Chater, Karima Atarraf, Mounir Arroud, Abderahman Afifi
Hydatid disease is a parasitic disease caused by the development in humans of the larval form of a tapeworm, namely a very small tænia called Echinococcus Granulosus. This anthropozoonosis is characterized by the presence of different types of anatomo-radiologic variants associated with various topographic and evolutionary aspects of the cysts. Bone hydatid disease is a rare condition, it accounts for only 0.9-2.5% of all locations. We report the case of a 9 year old child, who was admitted with febrile lameness and with a mass in the right iliac fossa, revealing a hydatid cyst at the level of the hip bone...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799842/variations-in-the-management-of-fibromyalgia-by-physician-specialty-rheumatology-versus-primary-care
#20
Stephen L Able, Rebecca L Robinson, Kurt Kroenke, Philip Mease, David A Williams, Yi Chen, Madelaine Wohlreich, Bill H McCarberg
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of physician specialty regarding diagnosis and treatment of fibromyalgia (FM) and assess the clinical status of patients initiating new treatment for FM using data from Real-World Examination of Fibromyalgia: Longitudinal Evaluation of Costs and Treatments. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Outpatients from 58 sites in the United States were enrolled. Data were collected via in-office surveys and telephone interviews. Pairwise comparisons by specialty were made using chi-square, Fisher's exact tests, and Student's t-tests...
2016: Pragmat Obs Res
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