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Inferior cava vein

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818221/venography-versus-intravascular-ultrasound-for-diagnosing-and-treating-iliofemoral-vein-obstruction
#1
Paul J Gagne, Robert W Tahara, Carl P Fastabend, Lukasz Dzieciuchowicz, William Marston, Suresh Vedantham, Windsor Ting, Mark D Iafrati
OBJECTIVE: The Venogram vs IVUS for Diagnosing Iliac vein Obstruction (VIDIO) trial was designed to compare the diagnostic efficacy of intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) with multiplanar venography for iliofemoral vein obstruction. METHODS: During a 14-month period beginning July 2014, 100 patients with chronic Clinical, Etiologic, Anatomic, and Pathophysiologic clinical class C4 to C6 venous disease and suspected iliofemoral vein obstruction were enrolled at 11 U...
September 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816272/-radical-nephrectomy-and-thrombectomy-for-mayo-clinic-stage-iii-tumor-thrombus-a-surgical-technique-and-clinical-experience
#2
Z Liu, L L Ma, X J Tian, G L Wang, X F Hou, S D Zhang, S H Deng
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of radical nephrectomy and inferior vena cava thrombectomy in the treatment of patients with Mayo III tumor thrombus, and to introduce our experience and surgical technique. METHODS: The clinical data of 8 patients with Mayo III tumor thrombus from October 2014 to September 2016 were analyzed retrospectively. Of the 8 patients, 3 were male and 5 were female. The average age was (50.8±18.7) years (18 to 77 years)...
August 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813774/pulmonary-embolism-caused-by-popliteal-vein-aneurysm-a-case-report
#3
Kevin Marquez, Kalyan Chakravarthy Potu, Chad Laurich, Randall Lamfers
In this case report, we describe an unusual episode of bilateral submassive pulmonary embolism (PE) caused by a popliteal vein aneurysm (PVA). The development of PE stems from many risk factors including obesity (BMI³ 30 kg/m2), hypertension, cigarette smoking (greater than 25 cigarettes per day), increasing age, surgery, immobility, malignancy, and inherited thrombophilia. A PVA is a rare but significant cause of PE. A 28-year-old male presented to the emergency department with progressive shortness of breath...
March 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809063/color-and-power-doppler-combined-with-fetal-intelligent-navigation-echocardiography-fine-to-evaluate-the-fetal-heart
#4
L Yeo, R Romero
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of color and bidirectional power Doppler ultrasound combined with Fetal Intelligent Navigation Echocardiography (FINE) in examining the fetal heart. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted of fetuses in the second and third trimesters with a normal heart or with congenital heart disease (CHD). One or more spatiotemporal image correlation (STIC) volume datasets, combined with color or bidirectional power Doppler (S-flow) imaging, were acquired in the apical four-chamber view...
August 14, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806622/case-report-on-the-non-operative-management-of-a-retrievable-inferior-vena-cava-filter-perforating-the-duodenum
#5
Joseph S Fernandez-Moure, Keemberly Kim, M Haseeb Zubair, Wade R Rosenberg
INTRODUCTION: Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) continues to be a significant source of morbidity for surgical patients. Placement of a retrievable inferior vena cava (IVC) filter is used when patients have contraindications to anticoagulation or recurrent pulmonary embolism despite therapeutic anticoagulation. Although retrievable IVC filters are often used, they carry a unique set of risks. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 67-year-old man presents to the Emergency Room (ER) following large volume melena and complaining of syncope...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803375/lung-ultrasound-in-internal-medicine-efficiently-drives-the-management-of-patients-with-heart-failure-and-speeds-up-the-discharge-time
#6
Chiara Mozzini, Marco Di Dio Perna, Giancarlo Pesce, Ulisse Garbin, Anna Maria Fratta Pasini, Andrea Ticinesi, Antonio Nouvenne, Tiziana Meschi, Alder Casadei, Maurizio Soresi, Luciano Cominacini
Lung ultrasound (LUS) is a valid tool for the assessment of heart failure (HF) through the quantification of the B-lines. This study in HF patients aims to evaluate if LUS: (1) can accelerate the discharge time; (2) can efficiently drive diuretic therapy dosage; and (3) may have better performance compared to the amino-terminal portion of B type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels in monitoring HF recovery. A consecutive sample of 120 HF patients was admitted from the Emergency Department (ED) to the Internal Medicine Department (Verona University Hospital)...
August 12, 2017: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799317/absent-infra-renal-inferior-vena-cava-presenting-with-varicose-veins
#7
Mithun Kumar Kola, S Sandeep, Sri Harish Vankayalapati, M Srinivas Reddy
Inferior vena cava (IVC) anomalies were rare and usually asymptomatic. Among these, anomalies absence of infra-renal IVC is the rarest anomaly. Absence of infra-renal IVC may present with symptoms of venous insufficiency and idiopathic deep vein thrombosis. Contrast enhanced CT and MRI abdomen play crucial role in diagnosing these anomalies. These patients can be managed conservatively or by venous bypass. Identification of these anomalies is important to avoid surgeries for varicose veins.
August 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797661/patency-and-clinical-outcome-after-stent-placement-for-chronic-obstruction-of-the-inferior-vena-cava
#8
O Grøtta, T Enden, G Sandbæk, G F Gjerdalen, C-E Slagsvold, D Bay, N-E Kløw, A Rosales
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: The objective was to assess the technical success, patency, and clinical outcome after stent placement for chronic obstruction of the inferior vena cava (IVC). METHODS: A retrospective analysis was carried out of patients with chronic IVC obstruction verified with computed tomography and/or magnetic resonance venography, accepted for stent placement at the Norwegian National Unit for Reconstructive Deep Venous Surgery from March 2010 to September 2015...
August 7, 2017: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766981/image-quality-and-radiation-dose-of-ct-venography-with-double-dose-reduction-using-model-based-iterative-reconstruction-comparison-with-conventional-ct-venography-using-filtered-back-projection
#9
Yeo-Jin Jeong, Ki Seok Choo, Kyung Jin Nam, Ji Won Lee, Jin You Kim, Hyuk Jae Jung, Soo Jin Lim
Background Computed tomography venography (CTV) at low kVp using model-based iterative reconstruction (MBIR) can enhance vascular enhancement with noise reduction. Purpose To evaluate image qualities and radiation doses of CTV at 80 kVp using MBIR and a small iodine contrast media (CM) dose and to compare these with those of CTV performed using a conventional protocol. Material and Methods Sixty-five patients (mean age = 58.1 ± 7.2 years) that underwent CTV for the evaluation of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and varicose veins were enrolled in this study...
January 1, 2017: Acta Radiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765996/non-central-peripherally-inserted-central-catheters-in-neonatal-intensive-care-complication-rates-and-longevity-of-catheters-relative-to-tip-position
#10
Bernard Goldwasser, Catalina Baia, Mimi Kim, Benjamin H Taragin, Robert M Angert
BACKGROUND: Peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) represent a mainstay of intravascular access in the neonatal intensive care setting when long-term vascular access is needed. Ideally, PICCs should be inserted and maintained in a central position with the tip ending in the superior or inferior vena cava. This is not always achievable, and sometimes the tip remains in a peripheral location. Higher complication rates have been reported with non-central PICCs; however these findings have not been confirmed in a solely neonatal series and PICCs with tips in peripheral veins have not been studied...
August 1, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765699/effect-of-initial-stent-position-on-patency-of-transjugular-intrahepatic-portosystemic-shunt
#11
Shi-Hua Luo, Jian-Guo Chu, He Huang, Ke-Chun Yao
AIM: To evaluate the effect of initial stent position on transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS). METHODS: We studied 425 patients from January 2004 to January 2015 with refractory ascites or variceal bleeding who required TIPS placement. Patients were randomly divided into group A (stent in hepatic vein, n = 57), group B (stent extended to junction of hepatic vein and inferior vena cava, n = 136), group C (stent in left branch of portal vein, n = 83) and group D (stent in main portal vein, n = 149)...
July 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764144/variant-anatomy-of-the-hepatic-vasculature-importance-in-hepatobiliary-resections
#12
Sarika Rachel Tigga, Sandeep Saluja, Virendra Budhiraja, Rakhi Rastogi
A variant anatomy of the hepatic vasculature has a clinically significant role in hepatobiliary transplantation, resection, tumour embolisation as well as in extrahepatic abdominal surgeries involving the stomach, pancreas or gall bladder. During routine cadaveric dissection, we observed a case of unusually small calibre hepatic artery proper. An accessory hepatic artery was seen emerging from the superior mesenteric artery to the right hepatic lobe along with an accessory hepatic vein from the right hepatic lobe that drained directly into the inferior vena cava...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762449/the-value-of-internal-jugular-vein-collapsibility-index-in-sepsis
#13
Murat Haliloğlu, Beliz Bilgili, Alper Kararmaz, İsmail Cinel
BACKGROUND: Rapid, accurate, and reproducible assessment of intravascular volume status is crucial in order to predict the efficacy of volume expansion in septic patients. The aim of this study was to verify the feasibility and usefulness of the internal jugular vein collapsibility index (IJV-CI) as an adjunct to the inferior vena cava collapsibility index (IVC-CI) to predict fluid responsiveness in spontaneously-breathing patients with sepsis. METHODS: Three stages of sonographic scanning were performed...
July 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759082/persistent-left-superior-vena-cava
#14
Kamil W Tyrak, Jakub Holda, Mateusz K Holda, Mateusz Koziej, Katarzyna Piatek, Wieslawa Klimek-Piotrowska
Persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC) is the most common congenital malformation of thoracic venous return and is present in 0.3 to 0.5% of individuals in the general population. This heart specimen was dissected from a 35-year-old male cadaver whose cause of death was determined as non-cardiac. The heart was examined and we found a PLSVC draining into the coronary sinus. The right superior vena cava was present with a small-diameter ostium. An anomalous pulmonary vein pattern was observed; there was a common trunk to the left superior and left inferior pulmonary veins (diameter 17...
May 23, 2017: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758762/-leiomyoma-of-external-iliac-vein
#15
V Sihotský, P Berek, I Kopolovets, M Kubíková, M Frankovičová
Authors present a case report of a patient who was diagnosed with a tumour of external iliac vein. Excision of venous wall with tumour and reconstruction of external iliac vein with venous patch was performed. Postoperative course was without complication. The patient is without complications and also without signs of recurrence in one year follow up. Tumours of venous wall are rare. They originate from vena cava inferior, less often from extremity veins. The most frequent primary tumours of vein wall are leiomyosarcomas...
2017: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756901/respiratory-variation-in-femoral-vein-diameter-has-moderate-accuracy-as-a-marker-of-fluid-responsivity-in-mechanically-ventilated-septic-shock-patients
#16
Wagner Luis Nedel, Daniele Moraes Simas, Luiz Gustavo Marin, Vinicius Daudt Morais, Gilberto Friedman
Ultrasound (US) is considered the first step in evaluation of patients with shock; respiratory variation of the inferior vena cava (inferior vena cava collapsibility [IVCc]) is an important measurement in this scenario that can be impaired by patient condition or technical skills. The main objective of this study was to evaluate if respiratory variation of the femoral vein (femoral vein collapsibility [FVc]), which is easier to visualize, can adequately predict fluid responsiveness in septic shock patients...
July 27, 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753848/impact-of-microscopic-wall-invasion-of-the-renal-vein-or-inferior-vena-cava-on-cancer-specific-survival-in-patients-with-renal-cell-carcinoma-and-tumor-thrombus-a-multi-institutional-analysis-from-the-international-renal-cell-carcinoma-venous-thrombus-consortium
#17
Oscar Rodriguez Faba, Estefania Linares, Derya Tilki, Umberto Capitanio, Christopher P Evans, Francesco Montorsi, Juan I Martínez-Salamanca, John Libertino, Paolo Gontero, Joan Palou
BACKGROUND: Microscopic vein invasion (MVI), with local destruction and invasion of the endothelium by tumor, is of controversial predictive value in renal cell carcinoma (RCC). OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of venous extension and wall invasion in RCC on survival. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Data for 1023 RCC patients with vena cava thrombus treated with radical nephrectomy and complete tumor thrombectomy were collected within a prospectively maintained international consortium (1995-2012)...
February 9, 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752725/optional-caval-filter-in-kidney-cancer-patients-with-tumor-thrombus-level-i-and-ii
#18
Marco Grasso, Salvatore Blanco, Vittorio Segramora, Emanuele C Grasso, Davide Leni, Grazia M Conti
BACKGROUND: Kidney diseases which require a radical surgical approach can come up complicated by the presence of a thrombus of the renal vein or the inferior vena cava (IVC). The overwhelming majority of these cases concern the presence of a kidney tumor, especially renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Kidney tumor presenting with thrombus extension into the IVC represents a difficult operative challenge, especially for the risk of thrombus dislocation due to the manipulation of the IVC during tumor isolation, which may result in pulmonary embolism (PE)...
July 27, 2017: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751787/successful-percutaneous-transcatheter-patent-foramen-ovale-closure-through-the-right-internal-jugular-vein-using-stiff-amplatzer-catheter-with-a-reshaped-tip
#19
Zaher Fanari, Sumaya Hammami, James T Hopkins
Percutaneous transcatheter closure of a patent foramen ovale (PFO) remains challenging when femoral venous approach is not available. We describe the successful closure of a PFO using the right internal jugular venous approach and a catheter delivery system with a reshaped tip in a patient with a PFO, recurrent stroke, recurrent gastrointestinal bleeding, bilateral deep venous thrombosis and thrombosed bilateral inferior vena cava filter.
August 2016: Delaware Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739590/mast-cells-granular-contents-are-crucial-for-deep-vein-thrombosis-in-mice
#20
Tatyana Ponomaryov, Holly Payne, Larissa Fabritz, Denisa D Wagner, Alexander Brill
Rationale: Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and its complication pulmonary embolism have high morbidity reducing quality of life and leading to death. Cellular mechanisms of DVT initiation remain poorly understood. Objective: We sought to determine the role of mast cells (MCs) in DVT initiation and validate MCs as a potential target for DVT prevention. Methods and Results: In a mouse model, DVT was induced by partial ligation (stenosis) of the inferior vena cava (IVC). We demonstrated that two strains of mice deficient for MCs were completely protected from DVT...
July 24, 2017: Circulation Research
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