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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641368/glomerular-hyperfiltration-in-obese-african-american-hypertensive-patients-is-associated-with-elevated-urinary-mitochondrial-dna-copy-number
#1
Alfonso Eirin, Ahmed Saad, John R Woollard, Luis A Juncos, David A Calhoun, Hui Tang, Amir Lerman, Stephen C Textor, Lilach O Lerman
BACKGROUND: Glomerular hyperfiltration may contribute to the high incidence of renal disease in Obese African Americans essential hypertensive (ObAAEH) patients, but the precise mechanisms responsible for renal injury have not been elucidated. Mitochondria are important determinants of renal injury in hypertension, and increased levels of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in the urine may indicate renal mitochondrial injury. We hypothesized that urine mtDNA copy numbers would be higher in ObAAEH compared to Caucasian essential hypertensive (CEH) patients...
June 14, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639434/case-of-ileal-herniation-through-the-foramen-of-winslow-diagnosed-preoperatively-by-ct-and-treated-with-laparoscopic-surgery
#2
Yoshitoshi Ichikawa, Akifumi Kanazawa, Nobuhiro Dan, Satoshi Ishikawa, Takaomi Hagi, Gaku Mizojiri, Mituo Tsubakimoto, Hiroshi Oka
A previously healthy 35-year-old man visited the emergency room complaining of epigastric pain and vomiting. The pain was sudden in onset. His blood tests were within normal limits except for a mild neutrophilia of 14 300/μL. Enhanced abdominal CT scan showed the small intestine dilated into the space between the portal vein and inferior vena cava from the foramen of Winslow. Under the diagnosis of herniation through the foramen of Winslow (HFW), we performed emergency laparoscopic surgery. Laparoscopy revealed an internal herniation of the dilated small intestine through the foramen of Winslow...
June 22, 2017: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631704/-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease-intracardiac-thrombosis-a-description-of-two-cases-and-a-review-of-literature
#3
Z S Alekberova, P S Ovcharov, T A Lisitsyna, A V Volkov, T V Popkova
Behçet's disease (BD) is systemic vasculitis of unknown etiology, which is more common in the countries located along the Great Silk Road. The disease is diagnosed if a patient has 4 key diagnostic signs: aphthous stomatitis, genital sores, and eye and skin lesions. Vascular diseases referred to as minor criteria for BD are characterized by the formation of aneurysms and thrombosis, predominantly in the venous bed. In venous disorders, a blood clot can form in any vessel, including caval, cerebral, pulmonary, and other veins...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631134/budd-chiari-syndrome-outcomes-of-endovascular-intervention-a-single-center-experience
#4
Nitin Jagtap, Mithun Sharma, Jagdeesh Singh, Manu Tandan, P N Rao, Rajesh Gupta, Sundeep Lakhtakia, Mohan Ramchandani, Harshal Shah, T Mahesh Kumar, Santosh Darishetty, G V Rao, D N Reddy
AIM: Outcomes of endovascular intervention in Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) have been reported with varied results. Clinical outcomes of endovascular interventions in BCS and role of various prognostic scores were critically evaluated in this study. METHODS: This study retrospectively analyzed consecutive patients of BCS who underwent endovascular intervention between January 2007 and May 2016 at our center. Technical, clinical successes and complications were documented...
June 20, 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631103/transesophageal-echocardiography-in-orthotopic-liver-transplantation-a-comprehensive-intraoperative-monitoring-tool
#5
REVIEW
Luigi Vetrugno, Federico Barbariol, Umberto Baccarani, Francesco Forfori, Giovanni Volpicelli, Giorgio Della Rocca
Intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography is a minimally invasive monitoring tool that can provide real-time visual information on ventricular function and hemodynamic volume status in patients undergoing liver transplantation. The American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases states that transesophageal echocardiography should be used in all liver transplant candidates in order to assess chamber sizes, hypertrophy, systolic and diastolic function, valvular function, and left ventricle outflow tract obstruction...
December 2017: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630832/total-knee-arthroplasty-in-a-diagnosed-case-of-deep-vein-thrombosis-our-experience-and-review-of-literature
#6
Saurabh Agarwal, Ashish Rana, Gaurav Gupta, Deepak Raghav, Rajeev K Sharma
INTRODUCTION: Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and its associated complication, pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) remains a challenge for orthopedic surgeons. There are wide ranges of predisposing factors which are both patient specific as well as procedure associated, responsible for DVT. PTE is a well-known fatal complication of DVT which may be life-threatening. Medical management and early mobilization are necessary for the management of DVT. Fatal PTE can be prevented by implantation of inferior vena cava (IVC) filter in at risk patients...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626378/partial-hepatectomy-with-middle-hepatic-vein-reconstruction-using-a-left-inferior-vena-cava-graft
#7
Yusuke Kawamoto, Yusuke Ome, Kazuyuki Kawamoto
Duplicated inferior vena cava (IVC) is a rare congenital anomaly. We describe the utility of a new graft from the left IVC in a patient with duplicated IVC for reconstructing the middle hepatic vein (MHV) after partial hepatectomy with MHV resection. A 67-year-old woman with hepatitis C was found to have a liver tumor. Magnetic resonance imaging confirmed that the tumor, which was attached to the MHV, was hepatocellular carcinoma. Central bisectionectomy (S4, S5, and S8 resection) could not be tolerated because of poor liver function and a low future liver remnant volume...
May 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626072/5-ht-causes-splanchnic-venodilation
#8
Bridget Mahon Seitz, Hakan Orer, Teresa Krieger-Burke, Emma S Darios, Janice M Thompson, Gregory D Fink, Stephanie W Watts
Serotonin (5-HT, 5-hydroxytrypamine) causes relaxation of the isolated superior mesenteric vein (SMV), a splanchnic blood vessel, through activation of the 5-HT7 receptor. As part of studies designed to identify the mechanism(s) through which chronic (>24 hours) infusion of 5-HT lowers blood pressure, we test the hypothesis that 5-HT causes an in vitro and in vivo splanchnic venodilation that is 5-HT7 receptor-dependent. In tissue baths for measurement of isometric contraction, the portal vein (PV) and abdominal inferior vena cava (Ab IVC) relaxed to 5-HT and the 5-HT1/7 receptor agonist 5-carboxamidotryptamine (5-CT); relaxation was abolished by the 5-HT7 receptor antagonist SB269970...
June 16, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623999/dilation-of-inferior-vena-cava-and-iliac-veins-in-elite-athlete
#9
Hironori Onizuka, Eijun Sueyoshi, Ichiro Sakamoto, Takashi Miura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623994/placement-of-tunneled-cuffed-vascular-catheter-through-superior-vena-cava-puncture
#10
Songhui Zhai, Qiuyan Zhao, Yanhuan Feng, Yang Yu, Li Zhou, Tianlei Cui, Ping Fu
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility and safety of placement of tunneled cuffed catheters through direct percutaneous puncture of the superior vena cava (SVC) in patients with occluded right and left innominate veins. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of all patients with right and left innominate vein occlusions who underwent tunneled catheter placement with direct SVC puncture between January 2012 and December 2014. Under fluoroscopic guidance with the patient in a supine position, a 5F catheter was placed at the distal end of the SVC through the femoral vein, iliac vein, or hepatic vein...
July 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623706/primary-inferior-vena-cava-smooth-muscle-tumor-with-diffuse-bizarre-giant-nuclei-and-low-mitotic-rate-a-nomenclatural-conundrum
#11
Runjan Chetty, Sangeetha N Kalimuthu, Hanna-Riikka Heinonen
A male patient with obstructive jaundice was found to have an incidental nodule within the inferior vena cava (IVC), below the level of the renal vein, on abdominal imaging. At the time of the Whipple's procedure for pancreatic adenocarcinoma, the IVC mass measuring 3.4×2.7×2.2 cm was also removed. Histologically, the lesion was well circumscribed, composed focally of spindle-shaped cells with cigar-shaped nuclei reminiscent of smooth muscle and a dominant pervasive, pleomorphic, bizarre giant cell component...
June 4, 2017: Cardiovascular Pathology: the Official Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615052/intravenous-misplacement-of-the-nephrostomy-catheter-following-percutaneous-nephrostolithotomy-two-case-reports-and-literature-review
#12
Weijin Fu, Zhanbin Yang, Zhibin Xie, Haibiao Yan
BACKGROUND: Intravenous misplacement of a nephrostomy tube after percutaneous nephrostolithotomy (PCNL) is very rare in clinical experiences. This report summarizes the characteristics and management of intravenous misplacement. CASE PRESENTATION: We present two uncommon cases of intravenous nephrostomy catheter misplacement after PCNL from among 4220 patients who underwent PCNL between January 2009 and December 2015. The tip of the tube was located in the inferior vena cava in one case and in the renal vein in the other...
June 14, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611523/surgical-management-of-liver-diseases-invading-the-hepatocaval-confluence-based-on-ih-classification-the-surgical-guideline-in-our-center
#13
Wei Li, Jun Han, Zhao-Ping Wu, Hong Wu
AIM: to investigate the short-term outcomes and risk factors indicating postoperative death of patients with lesions adjacent to the hepatocaval confluence. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 54 consecutive patients who underwent hepatectomy combined with inferior vena cava (IVC) and/or hepatic vein reconstruction (HVR) from January 2012 to January 2016 at our liver surgery center. The patients were divided into 5 groups according to the range of IVC and hepatic vein involvement...
May 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611024/platelet-amyloid-precursor-protein-is-a-modulator-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-mice
#14
Ilaria Canobbio, Caterina Visconte, Stefania Momi, Gianni Francesco Guidetti, Marta Zarà, Jessica Canino, Emanuela Falcinelli, Paolo Gresele, Mauro Torti
The amyloid precursor protein (APP), primarily known as the precursor of amyloid peptides that accumulate in the brain of Alzheimer's disease patients, is abundant in platelets but its physiological function remains unknown. In this study, we investigated the role of APP in hemostasis and thrombosis using APP knockout (KO) mice. Ex vivo aggregation, secretion, and integrin αIIbβ3 inside-out activation induced by several agonists were normal in APP-deficient platelets, but the number of circulating platelets was reduced by about 20%, and their size was slightly increased...
June 13, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609803/inferior-vena-cava-agenesis-and-deep-vein-thrombosis-in-the-young-a-review-of-the-literature-and-local-experience
#15
Antonella Tufano, Francesca Cannavacciuolo, Adriana Gianno, Anna Maria Cerbone, Sara Mangiacapra, Antonio Coppola, Maria Amitrano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 13, 2017: Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599693/clinical-characteristics-and-outcome-of-budd-chiari-syndrome-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-pakistan
#16
Om Parkash, Aysha Khan, Saeed Hamid
OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical characteristics of Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS), its causes and outcome at a tertiary care hospital. STUDY DESIGN: An observational study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The Aga Khan University Hospital,Karachi, from 2004 to 2014. METHODOLOGY: Aretrospective analysis of data was conducted. Apredesigned questionnaire was filled from medical records of patients with BCS. Clinical features, etiology, management and outcome was noted from 2004 to 2014...
May 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598874/transverse-split-sternotomy-a-mini-invasive-approach-for-repair-of-congenital-cardiac-defects
#17
Pankaj Garg, Arvind Kumar Bishnoi, Kartik Patel, Chandrashekaran Annanthnarayan, Jigar Patel, Malkesh Talsariya, Komal Shah, Sanjay Patel
OBJECTIVE: In this article, we aim to review our mini-invasive technique of transverse sternal split (TSS) with or without cervical cannulation for cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), its usefulness, and efficiency for repair of congenital cardiac defects. METHODS: Between January 2013 and June 2015, 34 infants and small children were operated through TSS in third or fourth intercostal space [Tetralogy of Fallot 11, perventricular ventricular septal defect (VSD) device closure 23]...
June 8, 2017: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598448/fetal-ductus-venosus-pulsatility-index-and-diameter-during-second-and-third-trimester-of-gestation
#18
P Pokharel, M A Ansari
INTRODUCTION: The ductus venosus is a small funnel shaped vessel found posterior to the fetal liver connecting the intra-abdominal umbilical vein and the inferior vena cava. It is one of the three physiological shunts in the fetus. The main objective of this study is to construct the reference table and normogram for fetal ductus venosus Pulsatility Index and diameter with gestational age. METHODS: This was a prospective cross sectional study conducted during August 2011 to July 2012 taking 294 uncomplicated pregnancies using systemic random sampling method...
January 2017: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597681/mesenteric-portal-axis-thrombosis-and-deep-venous-thrombosis-in-a-patient-with-inferior-vena-cava-agenesis
#19
Laia Lluis Pons, Nadia Chahri Vizcarro, Silvia Llaverias Borrell, Carlos Miquel Abbad
Splenoportal axis thrombosis not associated with cirrhosis or neoplasms has a prevalence lower than 5 per 10,000 people. An etiologic factor responsible for portal thrombosis is finally identified in most cases, usually systemic thrombogenic factors or predisposing local factors. However, despite a detailed study of all etiologic factors, up to 30% of cases are eventually considered as idiopathic in origin. We report the case of a 41-year-old patient who presented with abdominal pain and lower extremity edema...
June 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596928/pulmonary-embolism-due-to-inferior-vena-cava-compression-by-a-retroperitoneal-hematoma-after-endovascular-repair-of-a-ruptured-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm
#20
Kota Shukuzawa, Naoki Toya, Yasutake Momokawa, Soichiro Fukushima, Tadashi Akiba, Takao Ohki
We report a case of a patient with a residual hematoma compressing the inferior vena cava after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR), which led to a pulmonary embolism (PE). A 65-year-old man underwent emergent EVAR for a ruptured aortic aneurysm in the right retroperitoneal region. He developed sudden chest pain at midnight of the fifth day after EVAR, and computed tomography demonstrated a massive PE. He subsequently went into cardiopulmonary arrest. This case suggested that abdominal complications due to a residual hematoma, including deep vein thrombosis and PE, should be considered in addition to compartment syndrome...
2017: Case Reports in Vascular Medicine
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