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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813114/dimensions-of-youth-psychopathy-differentially-predict-concurrent-pro-and-antisocial-behavior
#1
Guilherme W Wendt, Alice J Bartoli, Adriane Arteche
Objective: To investigate the unique contribution of narcissism and impulsivity, in addition to callous-unemotional (CU) traits, in explaining concurrent prosocial and antisocial behavior. Method: Two hundred and forty-nine schoolchildren (53% female; age 9-12 years) completed the self-report Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) and the Antisocial Process Screening Device (APSD). Two statistical models were tested, predicting conduct problems (CP) and prosocial behavior (PB)...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812324/parents-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-mental-health-screening-using-home-visiting-programs-a-pilot-study
#2
Katie Johnson, Alicia Woodward, Sadie Swenson, Christine Weis, Margene Gunderson, Marilyn Deling, Valeria Cristiani, Brian Lynch
BACKGROUND: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are associated with adult high-risk behaviors and diseases. There is value in screening parents for ACEs given the repercussions parental ACEs may have on parenting behaviors and child development. The primary aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of parental ACE screening in the home setting. A secondary aim was to evaluate whether or not maternal ACEs correlated with maternal mental health measures. METHODS: Two home visiting programs that support early childhood development and conduct parental mental health screening implemented ACE screening for parents of infants <1 year of age...
August 15, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810957/treatment-seeking-beliefs-and-behaviors-in-air-force-nursing-personnel
#3
Stephen H A Hernandez, Brenda J Morgan, Mark B Parshall
INTRODUCTION: Perceptions of stigma and barriers associated with seeking mental health services have been described in past research with military service members who reported or screened positively for mental health concerns or who reported an intention to seek care. The reported influence of stronger perceptions of stigma on treatment seeking has varied. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An anonymous, online survey was administered to Air Force nursing personnel (N = 250) at three locations to describe beliefs associated with seeking mental health treatment and to investigate the extent to which stigma and barriers, stress, and resilience were related to mental health treatment seeking...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810195/alcohol-use-and-receipt-of-alcohol-screening-and-brief-intervention-in-a-representative-sample-of-sexual-minority-and-heterosexual-adults-receiving-health-care
#4
Keren Lehavot, John R Blosnich, Joseph E Glass, Emily C Williams
BACKGROUND: Despite evidence of alcohol disparities between sexual minority and heterosexual individuals in the general population, research has not examined whether there are disparities in receipt of alcohol screening and brief intervention - together considered one of the highest prevention priorities for US adults. This study examined differences in alcohol use and receipt of alcohol screening and brief intervention across sexual minority status. METHODS: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System 2014 data from eight US states were used to estimate patterns of alcohol use and receipt of alcohol screening and brief intervention among persons reporting sexual orientation and a checkup in the last two years (N=47,800)...
August 2, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809826/high-throughput-screening-for-protein-based-inheritance-in-s-cerevisiae
#5
James S Byers, Daniel F Jarosz
The encoding of biological information that is accessible to future generations is generally achieved via changes to the DNA sequence. Long-lived inheritance encoded in protein conformation (rather than sequence) has long been viewed as paradigm-shifting but rare. The best characterized examples of such epigenetic elements are prions, which possess a self-assembling behavior that can drive the heritable manifestation of new phenotypes. Many archetypal prions display a striking N/Q-rich sequence bias and assemble into an amyloid fold...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809769/adverse-experiences-in-childhood-and-sexually-transmitted-infection-risk-from-adolescence-into-adulthood
#6
Stephanie London, Kelly Quinn, Joy D Scheidell, B Christopher Frueh, Maria R Khan
BACKGROUND: Childhood maltreatment, particularly sexual abuse, has been found to be associated with sexual risk behaviors later in life. We aimed to evaluate associations between a broad range of childhood traumas and sexual risk behaviors from adolescence into adulthood. METHODS: Using data from Waves I, III and IV of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health), we used logistic regression to estimate the unadjusted odds ratio (OR) and adjusted OR (AOR) for associations between 9 childhood traumas and a cumulative trauma score and three sexual risk outcomes (multiple partnerships, sex trade involvement, and sexually transmitted infection [STI]) in adolescence, young adulthood, and adulthood...
September 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809108/dual-regulations-of-thermo-sensitive-heparin-poloxamer-hydrogel-using-%C3%AE%C2%B5-polylysine-bioadhesivity-and-controlled-kgf-release-for-enhancing-wound-healing-of-endometrial-injury
#7
He-Lin Xu, Jie Xu, Bi-Xin Shen, Si-Si Zhang, Bing-Hui Jin, Qun-Yan Zhu, De-Li ZhuGe, Xue-Qing Wu, Jian Xiao, Yingzheng Zhao
ydrogel was not only used as an effective support matrix to prevent intrauterine adhesion (IUA) after endometrial injury but also served as scaffold to sustain release of some therapeutics, especially growth factor. However, because of the rapid turnover of the endometrial mucus, the poor retention and bad absorption of therapeutic agents in damaged endometrial cavity were two important factors hindering their pharmacologic effect. Herein, a mucoadhesive hydrogel was described by using heparin-modified poloxamer (HP) as the matrix material and ε-polylysine (EPL) as functional excipient...
August 15, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808871/african-american-prostate-cancer-disparities
#8
REVIEW
Zachary L Smith, Scott E Eggener, Adam B Murphy
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to examine prostate cancer racial disparities specific to the African-American population. RECENT FINDINGS: African-American men are more likely to be diagnosed with prostate cancer, present at an earlier age; are more likely to have locally advanced or metastatic disease at diagnosis; and have suboptimal outcomes to standard treatments. Prostate cancer treatment requires a nuanced approach, particularly when applying screening, counseling, and management of African-American men...
August 14, 2017: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808710/interface-nanoparticle-control-of-a-nanometer-water-pump
#9
Jiaye Su, Yunzhen Zhao, Chang Fang, Syed Bilal Ahmed, Yue Shi
Nanoparticles are highly versatile and exhibit broad applications in tuning material properties. Herein, we show through molecular dynamics simulations the possibility of a nanometer water pump, driven by the motion of nanoparticles (NPs) on a membrane surface. Surprisingly, considerable net water flux can be induced through a carbon nanotube (CNT) that is perpendicular to the NP motion. The water transport can occur in a highly controllable fashion, not only by using a single NP with different forces, but also by varying the CNT length or the NP number...
August 15, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807739/community-based-participatory-research-to-design-a-faith-enhanced-diabetes-prevention-program-the-better-me-within-randomized-trial
#10
Heather Kitzman, Leilani Dodgen, Abdullah Mamun, J Lee Slater, George King, Donna Slater, Alene King, Surendra Mandapati, Mark DeHaven
Reducing obesity positively impacts diabetes and cardiovascular risk; however, evidence-based lifestyle programs, such as the diabetes prevention program (DPP), show reduced effectiveness in African American (AA) women. In addition to an attenuated response to lifestyle programs, AA women also demonstrate high rates of obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. To address these disparities, enhancements to evidence-based lifestyle programs for AA women need to be developed and evaluated with culturally relevant and rigorous study designs...
August 11, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807019/barriers-and-facilitators-to-the-implementation-of-antenatal-syphilis-screening-and-treatment-for-the-prevention-of-congenital-syphilis-in-the-democratic-republic-of-congo-and-zambia-results-of-qualitative-formative-research
#11
Dalau Nkamba, Musaku Mwenechanya, Arlette Mavila Kilonga, Maria Luisa Cafferata, Amanda Mabel Berrueta, Agustina Mazzoni, Fernando Althabe, Ezequiel Garcia-Elorrio, Antoniette K Tshefu, Elwyn Chomba, Pierre M Buekens, Maria Belizan
BACKGROUND: The impact of untreated syphilis during pregnancy on neonatal health remains a major public health threat worldwide. Given the high prevalence of syphilis during pregnancy in Zambia and Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), the Preventive Congenital Syphilis Trial (PCS Trial), a cluster randomized trial, was proposed to increase same-day screening and treatment of syphilis during antenatal care visits. To design an accepted and feasible intervention, we conducted a qualitative  formative research...
August 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805890/effect-of-forage-source-included-in-total-mixed-ration-on-intake-sorting-and-feeding-behavior-of-growing-heifers-fed-high-concentrate-diets
#12
A Madruga, E Mainau, L A González, M Rodríguez-Prado, J L Ruíz de la Torre, X Manteca, A Ferret
The objective of this experiment was to compare the effects of using 2 different forage sources on intake and sorting and feeding behavior in growing heifers fed a high-concentrate diet offered as a total mixed ration (TMR). Eight Simmental heifers (initial BW of 148.1 ± 4.83 kg) were used in a crossover design experiment. Treatment diets were a TMR with either barley straw (BS) or alfalfa hay (AH) as forage source. Diets were offered on an ad libitum basis, with a forage to concentrate ratio of 8 to 92. The experiment was performed in two 28-d periods, with 3 wk of diet adaptation and 1 wk of sampling in each period...
August 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805404/mixed-methods-evaluation-of-a-collaborative-care-implementation-using-re-aim
#13
Bethany M Kwan, Sanjay Chadha, Mika K Hamer, David Spagnolo, Sheila Kee
INTRODUCTION: Application of the reach, effectiveness, adoption, implementation, and maintenance (RE-AIM) framework using mixed methods to evaluate a collaborative care practice implementation can inform the literature on real-world collaborative care experiences. METHOD: Two primary care practices serving Niagara Falls, NY, implemented collaborative care. Adults age 18 and over were screened at least annually for depression, anxiety, and alcohol use using the 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), the 7-item Generalized Anxiety Disorder questionnaire (GAD-7), and the AUDIT alcohol consumption questionnaire (AUDIT-C)...
August 14, 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804871/first-evaluation-of-the-behavioral-addiction-indoor-tanning-screener-baits-in-a-nationwide-representative-sample
#14
K Diehl, T Görig, E W Breitbart, R Greinert, J J Hillhouse, J L Stapleton, S Schneider
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that indoor tanning (IT) may have addictive properties. However, many instruments for measuring IT addiction show poor validity and reliability. Recently, a new instrument, the Behavioral Addiction Indoor Tanning Screener (BAITS), has been developed. OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to test validity and reliability of the BAITS by using a multi-method approach. METHODS: We used data of the first wave of the National Cancer Aid Monitoring on Sunbed Use (NCAM), which includes a cognitive pretest (08/2015) and a Germany-wide representative survey (10-12/2015)...
August 14, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802939/sleep-dysfunction-in-parkinson-s-disease
#15
Cristian Falup-Pecurariu, Ştefania Diaconu
The spectrum of sleep problems in Parkinson's disease (PD) is broad. These symptoms are recognized as being clinically relevant by the PD patients and may seriously affect their quality of life. Some studies reveal the occurrence of sleep disorders in more than half of the PD patients. The etiology is multifactorial and it mainly involves the degeneration of the sleep-regulating structures. Sleep disorders in PD can be classified into: disturbances of sleep and disturbances of wakefulness. Generic and specific scales were designed to help the screening and evaluation of sleep dysfunction...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801991/early-autism-symptoms-in-infants-with-tuberous-sclerosis-complex
#16
Nicole M McDonald, Kandice J Varcin, Rujuta Bhatt, Joyce Y Wu, Mustafa Sahin, Charles A Nelson, Shafali S Jeste
Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a rare, autosomal dominant genetic syndrome that confers significantly increased risk for autism spectrum disorder (ASD), with 50-60% of infants with TSC meeting criteria for ASD by 3 years of age. In a previous study of the current longitudinal cohort, we found that infants with TSC who develop ASD (TSC/ASD) evidence decreased cognitive abilities that diverge from infants with TSC and no ASD (TSC/no ASD). We extended this work by asking whether TSC/ASD infants (n = 13) differed from TSC/no ASD infants (n = 10) and infants with low developmental risk and no ASD (LR; n = 21) in their social communication functioning during the first year of life...
August 11, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801302/improving-patient-centered-care-for-young-people-in-general-practice-with-a-codesigned-screening-app-mixed-methods-study
#17
Marianne Julie Webb, Greg Wadley, Lena Amanda Sanci
BACKGROUND: Despite experiencing a high prevalence and co-occurrence of mental health disorders and health-compromising behaviors, young people tend not to seek professional help for these concerns. However, they do regularly attend primary care, making primary care providers ideally situated to identify and discuss mental health and lifestyle issues as part of young people's routine health care. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate whether using a codesigned health and lifestyle-screening app, Check Up GP, in general practice influenced young people's assessment of the quality of their care (measures of patient-centered care and youth friendliness), and their disclosure of sensitive issues...
August 11, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801030/lipoprotein-a-screening-in-patients-with-controlled-traditional-risk-factors-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#18
Matthew C Weiss, Jeffrey S Berger, Eugenia Gianos, Edward Fisher, Arthur Schwartzbard, James Underberg, Howard Weintraub
BACKGROUND: Lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] is an inherited atherogenic lipoprotein and an independent risk factor for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease; however, its clinical role remains limited. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that Lp(a) screening in high cardiovascular risk patients could provide insight into disease pathogenesis and modify physician behavior for treatment intensification targeting traditional risk factors when Lp(a)-related risk was identified. METHODS: We screened 113 patients presenting electively for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for Lp(a) who met any of the following criteria: (1) premature coronary artery disease (male age <55 years, female age <65 years); (2) family history of premature coronary artery disease; (3) progression to PCI despite well-controlled traditional risk factors (blood pressure <140/90 mm Hg, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol <100 mg/dL, and HbA1c <7%, and nonsmoker); or (4) progression to PCI despite at least moderate intensity statin use (simvastatin 40, atorvastatin 40-80, or rosuvastatin 20-40 mg daily)...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800895/a-randomized-trial-of-a-web-based-platform-to-help-families-manage-dementia-related-behavioral-symptoms-the-wecareadvisor%C3%A2
#19
Laura N Gitlin, Helen J Kales, Katherine Marx, Barbara Stanislawski, Constantine Lyketsos
Dementia-related behavioral symptoms are challenging clinical features occurring across etiologies and disease progression. They are associated with increased healthcare utilization, nursing home placement, family upset and burden. Families typically manage behavioral symptoms without requisite knowledge, skills and guidance. We designed WeCareAdvisor™ as an easy-to-use, evidence-informed web-based platform. It provides families knowledge about dementia, daily tips, and a systematic approach to describe behaviors, investigate modifiable contributors, create treatment plans (WeCareAdvisor™ Prescription) consisting of management tips tailored to symptom presentation, and evaluate effectiveness...
August 8, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800760/perceptions-of-patients-and-providers-on-myocardial-perfusion-imaging-for-asymptomatic-patients-choosing-wisely-and-professional-liability
#20
Kristopher P Kline, Leslee Shaw, Rebecca J Beyth, Jared Plumb, Linda Nguyen, Tianyao Huo, David E Winchester
BACKGROUND: Despite efforts by professional societies to reduce low value care, many reports indicate that unnecessary tests, such as nuclear myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI), are commonly used in contemporary practice. The degree to which lack of awareness and professional liability concerns drive these behaviors warrants further study. We sought to investigate patient and provider perceptions about MPI in asymptomatic patients, the Choosing Wisely (CW) campaign, and professional liability concerns...
August 11, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
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