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ADHD/ODD COMORBID

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889187/maternal-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-and-risk-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-the-offspring
#1
Kyriaki Kosidou, Christina Dalman, Linnea Widman, Stefan Arver, Brian K Lee, Cecilia Magnusson, Renee M Gardner
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most common childhood neurodevelopmental disorder, and boys are two to three times more likely to develop ADHD. Maternal polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), a common metabolic disorder associated with excess circulating androgens, has been associated with increased risk for autism spectrum disorder in the offspring. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether maternal PCOS increases the risk for ADHD in the offspring...
October 6, 2016: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878809/telephone-assisted-self-help-for-parents-of-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-who-have-residual-functional-impairment-despite-methylphenidate-treatment-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Christina Dose, Christopher Hautmann, Mareike Buerger, Stephanie Schuermann, Katrin Woitecki, Manfred Doepfner
BACKGROUND: Self-help parenting interventions have been shown to be effective in the management of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and may be useful when there are barriers to face-to-face therapist-led parent trainings. Previous studies indicate that behavioral interventions might be a useful adjunct to medication in children with residual ADHD symptoms, and regarding comorbid oppositional symptoms and multiple domains of functional impairment. In the present study, we examined whether a telephone-assisted self-help (TASH) parenting behavioral intervention (written materials plus telephone counseling) enhanced the effects of methylphenidate treatment in children with ADHD...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868421/sex-moderates-the-impact-of-birth-weight-on-child-externalizing-psychopathology
#3
Allison M Momany, Jaclyn M Kamradt, Josie M Ullsperger, Alexis L Elmore, Joel T Nigg, Molly A Nikolas
Low birth weight (LBW) has consistently been associated with childhood attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and a similar association has been found for childhood externalizing disorders, such as oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and conduct disorder (CD), albeit to a lesser degree. Although the association between LBW and these disorders has been robustly replicated, few studies have adequately controlled for confounding variables, such as parental age at birth and prenatal tobacco use, examined the specificity of the risk of LBW for ADHD symptoms, or investigated potential nonlinear (i...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859581/the-risk-of-eating-disorders-comorbid-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Bruno Palazzo Nazar, Camila Bernardes, Gemma Peachey, Joseph Sergeant, Paulo Mattos, Janet Treasure
OBJECTIVE: There has been interest in whether people with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are at higher risk of developing an Eating Disorder (ED). The aim of this study was estimate the size of this association with a meta-analysis of studies. METHODS: We retrieved studies following PRISMA guidelines from a broad range of databases. RESULTS: Twelve studies fitted our primary aim in investigating ED in ADHD populations (ADHD = 4,013/Controls = 29,404), and five exploring ADHD in ED populations (ED = 1,044/Controls = 11,292)...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819466/the-structure-of-psychopathology-in-adolescence-and-its-common-personality-and-cognitive-correlates
#5
Natalie Castellanos-Ryan, Frederic N Brière, Maeve O'Leary-Barrett, Tobias Banaschewski, Arun Bokde, Uli Bromberg, Christian Büchel, Herta Flor, Vincent Frouin, Juergen Gallinat, Hugh Garavan, Jean-Luc Martinot, Frauke Nees, Tomas Paus, Zdenka Pausova, Marcella Rietschel, Michael N Smolka, Trevor W Robbins, Robert Whelan, Gunter Schumann, Patricia Conrod
The traditional view that mental disorders are distinct, categorical disorders has been challenged by evidence that disorders are highly comorbid and exist on a continuum (e.g., Caspi et al., 2014; Tackett et al., 2013). The first objective of this study was to use structural equation modeling to model the structure of psychopathology in an adolescent community-based sample (N = 2,144) including conduct disorder, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), oppositional-defiant disorder (ODD), obsessive-compulsive disorder, eating disorders, substance use, anxiety, depression, phobias, and other emotional symptoms, assessed at 16 years...
November 2016: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806861/childhood-factors-affecting-persistence-and-desistence-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptoms-in-adulthood-results%C3%A2-from%C3%A2-the-mta
#6
Arunima Roy, Lily Hechtman, L Eugene Arnold, Margaret H Sibley, Brooke S G Molina, James M Swanson, Andrea L Howard
OBJECTIVE: To determine childhood factors that predict attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) persistence and desistence in adulthood. METHOD: Regression analyses were used to determine associations between childhood factors and adult ADHD symptom persistence in 453 participants (mean age, 25 years) from the Multimodal Treatment Study of Children with ADHD (MTA). Childhood IQ, total number of comorbidities, child-perceived parenting practices, child-perceived parent-child relationships, parental mental health problems, marital problems of parents, household income levels, and parental education were assessed at a mean age of 8 years in all participants...
November 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783258/interrelationships-and-continuities-in-symptoms-of-oppositional-defiant-and-conduct-disorders-from-age-4-to-10-in-the-community
#7
Silje Merethe Husby, Lars Wichstrøm
Childhood oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) has commonly been thought to increase the risk of conduct disorder (CD) in late childhood and adolescence. However, symptoms of CD may also emerge during preschool and middle childhood. The few studies that have examined whether ODD increases the risk of such early onset CD have produced equivocal results, potentially due to methodological issues. In this study, a community sample of Norwegian 4-year-olds (n = 1042, 49.9 % males) was examined bi-annually over four waves of data collection...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752934/mediators-and-moderators-of-the-relation-between-parental-adhd-symptomatology-and-the-early-development-of-child-adhd-and-odd-symptoms
#8
Rosanna P Breaux, Hallie R Brown, Elizabeth A Harvey
The present study examined mediators and moderators of the relation between parental ADHD symptomatology and the development of child attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) symptoms across the preschool years. Participants included 258 (138 boys) 3-year-old children (M = 44.13 months, SD = 3.39) with and without behavior problems and their parents who took part in a 3-year longitudinal study. Maternal ADHD symptoms predicted later ADHD symptoms in children, controlling for early child symptomatology...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750114/adhd-symptoms-and-pain-among-adults-in-england
#9
Andrew Stickley, Ai Koyanagi, Hidetoshi Takahashi, Yoko Kamio
Prior research has produced conflicting findings on the association between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and pain, while studies among community-dwelling adults are lacking. This study examined the association between ADHD symptoms and pain in the general adult population, and the extent to which this association is influenced by comorbid common mental disorders (CMDs). Data came from the 2007 Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey which included a representative sample of the English adult household population aged ≥16 years (N=7403)...
October 3, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733957/factors-associated-with-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#10
Jeffrey A Guy, Lisa M Knight, Yinding Wang, Jeanette M Jerrell
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal injuries may be associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptom severity, comorbid psychiatric or medical conditions, and the prescribed psychostimulant. METHODS: A population-based, retrospective cohort design was employed using South Carolina's Medicaid claims data set covering outpatient and inpatient medical services and medication prescriptions over an 11-year period (January 1, 1996, through December 31, 2006) for patients ≤ 17 years of age with ≥ 2 visits for ICD-9-CM diagnostic codes for ADHD...
2016: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694280/patterns-of-comorbidity-among-girls-with-adhd-a-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Irene Tung, James J Li, Jocelyn I Meza, Kristen L Jezior, Jessica S V Kianmahd, Patrick G Hentschel, Paul M O'Neil, Steve S Lee
CONTEXT: Although children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are at elevated risk for comorbid psychopathology, the clinical correlates of ADHD in girls are far less understood relative to boys, despite ADHD being one of the most common childhood disorders in girls. OBJECTIVE: To meta-analytically summarize rates of comorbid internalizing (anxiety, depression) and externalizing (oppositional defiant disorder [ODD], conduct disorder [CD]) psychopathology among girls with and without ADHD...
October 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667705/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-comorbidity-and-antidepressant-resistance-among-patients-with-major-depression-a-nationwide-longitudinal-study
#12
Mu-Hong Chen, Tai-Long Pan, Ju-Wei Hsu, Kai-Lin Huang, Tung-Ping Su, Cheng-Ta Li, Wei-Chen Lin, Shih-Jen Tsai, Wen-Han Chang, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Ya-Mei Bai
The comorbidity between attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and major depression is common. However, the influence of ADHD comorbidity in the response or resistance to antidepressants remains unknown among patients with major depression. 1891 patients with major depression and ADHD and 1891 age-/sex-matched patients with major depression only were enrolled and followed for 1 year in our study. Use of antidepressants and ADHD medications during 1-year follow-up period were assessed. Antidepressant resistance was defined as treatment failure in two or more than two different antidepressants for adequate treatment dose and duration...
September 22, 2016: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27652281/adgrl3-lphn3-variants-are-associated-with-a-refined-phenotype-of-adhd-in-the-mta-study
#13
Maria T Acosta, James Swanson, Annamarie Stehli, Brooke S G Molina, Ariel F Martinez, Mauricio Arcos-Burgos, Maximilian Muenke
BACKGROUND: ADHD is the most common neuropsychiatric condition affecting individuals of all ages. Long-term outcomes of affected individuals and association with severe comorbidities as SUD or conduct disorders are the main concern. Genetic associations have been extensively described. Multiple studies show that intronic variants harbored in the ADGRL3 (LPHN3) gene are associated with ADHD, especially associated with poor outcomes. METHODS: In this study, we evaluated this association in the Multimodal Treatment Study of children with ADHD (MTA), initiated as a 14-month randomized clinical trial of 579 children diagnosed with DSM-IV ADHD-Combined Type (ADHD-C), that transitioned to a 16-year prospective observational follow-up, and 289 classmates added at the 2-year assessment to serve as a local normative comparison group (LNCG)...
September 2016: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27581195/prenatal-smoking-exposure-and-neuropsychiatric-comorbidity-of-adhd-a-finnish-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#14
Petteri Joelsson, Roshan Chudal, Ardesheer Talati, Auli Suominen, Alan S Brown, Andre Sourander
BACKGROUND: Prenatal smoking exposure has been associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). ADHD is commonly associated with a wide spectrum of psychiatric comorbidity. The association between smoking and neuropsychiatric comorbidity of ADHD has remained understudied. The aim of this study is to examine the association between prenatal exposure to maternal smoking and offspring ADHD, and test whether the smoking-ADHD associations are stronger when ADHD is accompanied by other lifetime neuropsychiatric comorbidities...
2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570962/-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-and-the-treatment-of-adhd-in-adults
#15
Vickie Auclair, Philippe-Olivier Harvey, Martin Lepage
Background The international prevalence of adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is estimated at 2.5%. ADHD is associated with serious impairment in academic, occupational, social and emotional functioning. Despite the debilitating nature of this disorder, few individuals with ADHD receive appropriate help. Further, although psychopharmacology is considered the first-line treatment of adults with ADHD, it is now recognized that medication alone may be insufficient. Thus, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a promising approach...
2016: Santé Mentale Au Québec
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27553219/racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-adhd-diagnosis-and-treatment
#16
Tumaini R Coker, Marc N Elliott, Sara L Toomey, David C Schwebel, Paula Cuccaro, Susan Tortolero Emery, Susan L Davies, Susanna N Visser, Mark A Schuster
OBJECTIVES: We examined racial/ethnic disparities in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) diagnosis and medication use and determined whether medication disparities were more likely due to underdiagnosis or undertreatment of African-American and Latino children, or overdiagnosis or overtreatment of white children. METHODS: We used a population-based, multisite sample of 4297 children and parents surveyed over 3 waves (fifth, seventh, and 10th grades)...
September 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513883/polycystic-ovary-syndrome-and-psychiatric-disorders-co-morbidity-and-heritability-in-a-nationwide-swedish-cohort
#17
Carolyn E Cesta, Mattias Månsson, Camilla Palm, Paul Lichtenstein, Anastasia N Iliadou, Mikael Landén
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrine disorder affecting 5-15% of reproductive-aged women and characterized by high levels of circulating androgens. Given that androgens have been implicated in the aetiology of several psychiatric disorders, it was hypothesized that women with PCOS have high risk for psychiatric comorbidity. We aimed to investigate this risk amongst women with PCOS, as well as in their siblings, to elucidate if familial factors underlie any potential associations. Using the Swedish national registers, we identified all women diagnosed with PCOS between 1990 and 2013 (n=24,385), their full-siblings (n=25,921), plus matched individuals (1:10/100) from the general population and their full-siblings...
November 2016: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27486412/familiality-of-co-existing-adhd-and-tic-disorders-evidence-from-a-large-sibling-study
#18
Veit Roessner, Tobias Banaschewski, Andreas Becker, Judith Buse, Sina Wanderer, Jan K Buitelaar, Joseph A Sergeant, Edmund J Sonuga-Barke, Michael Gill, Iris Manor, Ana Miranda, Fernando Mulas, Robert D Oades, Herbert Roeyers, Hans-Christoph Steinhausen, Steven V Faraone, Philip Asherson, Aribert Rothenberger
BACKGROUND: The association of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and tic disorder (TD) is frequent and clinically important. Very few and inconclusive attempts have been made to clarify if and how the combination of ADHD+TD runs in families. AIM: To determine the first time in a large-scale ADHD sample whether ADHD+TD increases the risk of ADHD+TD in siblings and, also the first time, if this is independent of their psychopathological vulnerability in general...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27400778/clinical-service-use-as-people-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-transition-into-adolescence-and-adulthood-a-prospective-longitudinal-study
#19
Hanna Eklund, Tim Cadman, James Findon, Hannah Hayward, Deirdre Howley, Jennifer Beecham, Kiriakos Xenitidis, Declan Murphy, Philip Asherson, Karen Glaser
BACKGROUND: While Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) often persists into adulthood, little is known about the needs and service use among adolescents and young adults with ADHD. The present study followed-up a cohort diagnosed with ADHD as children and assessed their: 1) needs, 2) correlates of contact with clinical services, and 3) experiences of transition from child to adult health services. METHODS: Ninety one young people aged 14-24 were recruited from the UK subset of the International Multi-Centre ADHD Genetics (IMAGE) Project...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27334310/medical-comorbidity-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-us-adolescents
#20
Nicole D Jameson, Brooke K Sheppard, Tarannum M Lateef, Jennifer L Vande Voort, Jian-Ping He, Kathleen Ries Merikangas
Understanding patterns of medical comorbidity in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may lead to better treatment of affected individuals as well as aid in etiologic study of disease. This article provides the first systematic evaluation on the medical comorbidity of ADHD in a nationally representative sample (National Comorbidity Replication Survey-Adolescent Supplement; N = 6483) using formal diagnostic criteria. Survey-weighted odds ratios adjusted for demographics, additional medical, and mental disorders were calculated for associations between ADHD and medical conditions...
October 2016: Journal of Child Neurology
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