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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212476/-cartilage-island-versus-temporalis-fascia-in-high-risk-tympanic-perforation
#1
Carmen Lucía Durán-Padilla, Jaime Martínez-Chávez, Norma Amador-Licona, Texar Alfonso Pereyra-Nobara
BACKGROUND: The tympanoplasty for high-risk tympanic membrane perforation is a challenge. It is necessary to compare the most useful and feasible surgical technics in our environment for these patients. The objective was to compare the cartilage island tympanoplasty for the treatment of high-risk tympanic membrane perforations versus the use of temporalis fascia. METHODS: Randomized controlled clinical trial in 69 patients of ten years or older, diagnosed with high-risk tympanic membrane perforation in a third level hospital...
2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210274/bilateral-tensor-fasciae-suralis-muscles-in-a-cadaver-with-unilateral-accessory-flexor-digitorum-longus-muscle
#2
Logan S W Bale, Sean O Herrin
Muscle variants are routinely encountered in the dissection laboratory and in clinical practice and therefore anatomists and clinicians need to be aware of their existence. Here we describe two different accessory muscles identified while performing educational dissection of a 51-year-old male cadaver. Tensor fasciae suralis, a rare muscle variant, was identified bilaterally and accessory flexor digitorum longus, a more common muscle variant, was present unilaterally. Tensor fasciae suralis and accessory flexor digitorum longus are clinically relevant muscle variants...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210042/the-effects-of-new-taping-methods-designed-to-increase-muscle-strength
#3
Tsutomu Fukui, Yuko Otake, Takashi Kondo
[Purpose] Although there are several studies on the use of elastic tape to influence muscle strength, results are contradictory and controversial. Our previous studies based on the sliding mechanism between superficial fascia and subcutaneous tissue may help the muscle strength. The purpose of this study was to confirm the effects of new taping methods on muscle strength. [Subjects and Methods] Sixteen healthy male participants took part in this study. Tape was applied on the right gluteus maximus and hip extension strength was determined by an isokinetic evaluation (30°/sec, concentric mode, four conditions)...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209507/ultrasound-guided-pulsed-radiofrequency-stimulation-of-posterior-tibial-nerve-a-potential-novel-intervention-for-recalcitrant-plantar-fasciitis
#4
Yung-Tsan Wu, Chih-Ya Chang, Yu-Ching Chou, Chun-Chang Yeh, Tsung-Ying Li, Heng-Yi Chu, Liang-Cheng Chen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the therapeutic benefit of ultrasound-guided pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) stimulation at the posterior tibial nerve (PTN) in patients with recalcitrant plantar fasciitis (PF). DESIGN: A prospective, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial (12-week follow-up). SETTING: Outpatient of local medical center settings. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-six patients with recalcitrant PF were randomized and 36 participants were included in the final data analysis...
February 13, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205328/adoption-of-azygos-hemiazygos-and-dartos
#5
Paul E Neumann
Exceptions to the anatomical nomenclature rule that names must be in proper Latin include a few terms that contain borrowed Greek adjectives that are not declined like Latin words. Adoption of these adjectives into Latin would change about a half-dozen terms, e.g., vena azyga, vena hemiazyga and fascia darta. The anatomical nomenclature rules apply only to the Latin terms, so there is no requirement to alter the way azygos, hemiazygos and dartos are used in equivalent terms in other languages. This article is protected by copyright...
February 16, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205270/anatomical-insights-of-the-palmaris-brevis-muscle-for-clinical-procedures-of-the-hand
#6
Da-Hye Kim, Jung-Hee Bae, Hee-Jin Kim
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of the present study is to provide useful data for anatomists and clinicians by describing the topography of the palmaris brevis muscle, taking particular note of its morphology and distribution pattern of the nerve and artery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-nine hands from adult cadavers were used in this study. Parameters with respect to the size, scale and location of the muscle were measured using a ultrasonography system, digital caliper and surgical microscope...
February 16, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203585/can-grafts-provide-superior-tendon-healing-and-clinical-outcomes-after-rotator-cuff-repairs-a-meta-analysis
#7
Yohei Ono, Diego Alejandro Dávalos Herrera, Jarret M Woodmass, Richard S Boorman, Gail M Thornton, Ian K Y Lo
BACKGROUND: Arthroscopic repair of large to massive rotator cuff tears commonly retear. To improve healing rates, a number of different approaches have been utilized, including the use of grafts, which may enhance the biomechanical and biologic aspects of the repair construct. However, the outcomes after the use of grafts are diverse. PURPOSE: To systematically review the literature for large to massive rotator cuff tears to determine whether the use of grafts generally provides superior tendon healing and clinical outcomes to the repairs without grafts...
December 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203499/sandwich-fascial-anterolateral-thigh-flap-in-head-and-neck-reconstruction-evolution-or-revolution
#8
Mario Cherubino, Jens Berli, Mario Turri-Zanoni, Paolo Battaglia, Francesca Maggiulli, Martina Corno, Federico Tamborini, Edoardo Montrasio, Paolo Castelnuovo, Luigi Valdatta
INTRODUCTION: The anterolateral thigh perforator flap (ALT) represents the workhorse for most reconstructive efforts in the head and neck regions. The main advantages of this flap are its versatility, the length of the pedicle, and the low morbidity of the donor site. The major drawback is the bulkiness of this flap with the frequent need for secondary revisions. To overcome this, we have developed a novel way to harvest and inset the ALT, called the sandwich fascial ALT flap (SALT). METHODS: All patients undergoing head and neck reconstruction using the SALT flap from January 2013 to March 2016 were included in this retrospective analysis...
January 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199387/dermatan-sulfate-is-a-player-in-the-transglutaminase-2-interaction-network
#9
Grzegorz Wisowski, Ewa M Koźma, Tomasz Bielecki, Adam Pudełko, Krystyna Olczyk
Transglutaminase 2 (TG2) is a multifunctional protein that is primarily engaged in cell adhesion/signaling or shows Ca2+-dependent transglutaminase activity in the extracellular space of tissues. This latter action leads to the cross-linking of the extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins. The enhanced extracellular expression of TG2 is associated with processes such as wound healing, fibrosis or vascular remodeling that are also characterized by a high deposition of dermatan sulfate (DS) proteoglycans in the ECM...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199008/comparison-of-the-spread-of-two-different-volumes-of-contrast-medium-when-performing-ultrasound-guided-transversus-abdominis-plane-injection-in-dog-cadavers
#10
A Zoff, P Laborda-Vidal, J Mortier, M Amengual, E Rioja
OBJECTIVES: To compare, via CT imaging, the spread of different volumes of diluted iodinated contrast medium in the transversus abdominis muscle plane of dog cadavers. METHODS: Prospective, randomised study. An electro stimulation or a SonoTAP needle was inserted in plane with the ultrasound beam in the fascia between the internal oblique and transversus abdominis muscles. A test dose of 1 ml of diluted contrast (30 mg/mL iohexol) was injected to confirm positioning, followed by 0 · 5 mL/kg (n=14) or 1 mL/kg (n=12) and the distribution of the fluid compared...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194520/simple-and-safe-technique-for-closure-of-midline-abdominal-wound-dehiscence
#11
M H Abo-Ryia
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess an alternative technique for closure of burst abdomen. METHOD: After reduction of the viscera and toilet of abdominal cavity with debridement of any necrotic tissues in the skin or fascia, the skin was undermined to expose the aponeurosis all-around the defect edges for at least 5-6 cm. The greater omentum is spread in the floor of the wound and fixed to the inner side of the defect. A piece of polypropylene mesh designed according to the size and shape of the defect and sutured to its external edge continuously...
February 13, 2017: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194352/application-of-a-silicone-sheet-in-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-to-treat-an-abdominal-wall-defect-after-necrotizing-fasciitis
#12
Jin Su Shin, Hwan Jun Choi
Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is an aggressive soft-tissue infection involving the deep fascia and is characterized by extensive deterioration of the surrounding tissue. Immediate diagnosis and intensive treatment, including debridement and systemic antibiotics, represent the most important factors influencing the survival of NF patients. In this report, we present a case of NF in the abdomen due to an infection caused by a perforated small bowel after abdominal liposuction. It was successfully treated using negative-pressure wound therapy, in which a silicone sheet functioned as a barrier between the sponge and internal organs to protect the small bowel...
January 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194345/transaxillary-subpectoral-placement-of-cardiac-implantable-electronic-devices-in-young-female-patients
#13
Joo Hyun Oh, Chae Min Kim, Seung Yong Song, Jae Sun Uhm, Dae Hyun Lew, Dong Won Lee
BACKGROUND: The current indications of cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs) have expanded to include young patients with serious cardiac risk factors, but CIED placement has the disadvantage of involving unsightly scarring and bulging of the chest wall. A collaborative team of cardiologists and plastic surgeons developed a technique for the subpectoral placement of CIEDs in young female patients via a transaxillary approach. METHODS: From July 2012 to December 2015, subpectoral CIED placement via an axillary incision was performed in 10 young female patients, with a mean age of 25...
January 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192858/deep-and-superficial-circumflex-iliac-arteries-and-their-relationship-to-the-ultrasound-guided-femoral-nerve-block-procedure-a-cadaver-study
#14
Keiko Ogami, Hiroaki Murata, Akiko Sakai, Shuntaro Sato, Kazunobu Saiki, Keishi Okamoto, Yoshitaka Manabe, Tetsuya Hara, Toshiyuki Tsurumoto
BACKGROUND: The in-plane lateral to medial approach is a standard technique for ultrasound-guided femoral nerve block (USG-FNB). The first bifurcation of the femoral artery, which consists of the deep artery of the thigh (DAT) or occasionally the lateral circumflex femoral artery (LCFA), is regarded as the distal border for this procedure. We sometimes detect arteries along the estimated needle trajectory for USG-FNB. The superficial (SCIA) and deep (DCIA) circumflex iliac arteries run laterally parallel to the inguinal ligament from the femoral or external iliac artery...
February 13, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28189118/case-report-of-ovary-and-fallopian-tube-as-content-of-a-spigelian-hernia-a-rare-entity
#15
Pralaya Khadka, Sunil K Sharma Dhakal
INTRODUCTION: Spigelian hernia is a rare entity, comprising 1-2% of all hernias. Various abdominopelvic viscera herniate through the defect in the Spigelian fascia and become incarcerated. Specifically in females, the ovary and/or the fallopian tube can herniate through this defect. This is the third reported case of such a hernia. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report here a young lady aged 30 years with right-sided ovarian Spigelian hernia. She presented with a painful lump in the right lower quadrant of abdomen for 2 weeks...
January 28, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188469/investigation-of-interaction-phenomena-between-crural-fascia-and-muscles-by-using-a-three-dimensional-numerical-model
#16
Piero G Pavan, Paola Pachera, Antonella Forestiero, Arturo N Natali
The focus of this work is the numerical modeling of the anterior compartment of the human leg with particular attention to crural fascia. Interaction phenomena between fascia and muscles are of clinical interest to explain some pathologies, as the compartment syndrome. A first step to enhance knowledge on this topic consists in the investigation of fascia biomechanical role and its interaction with muscles in physiological conditions. A three-dimensional finite element model of the anterior compartment is developed based on anatomical data, detailing the structural conformation of crural fascia, composed of three layers, and modeling the muscles as a unique structure...
February 10, 2017: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185373/dual-anchor-internal-pulse-generator-technique-may-lower-risk-of-twiddler-s-syndrome-a-case-series-and-literature-review
#17
Michał Roman Sobstyl, Mirosław Ząbek, Grażyna Brzuszkiewicz-Kuźmicka, Tomasz Pasterski
BACKGROUND: Twiddler's syndrome (TS) is described as a spontaneous rotation or intentional external manipulation of implanted internal pulse generator (IPG) for neurological or cardiac disorders. There have been identified some predisposing factors of the development of TS such as: loose subcutaneous tissue, older age of individuals undergoing deep brain stimulation (DBS) procedures, creation of too large pockets for IPG. Apart from these factors, the construction of IPG itself may predispose to the development of TS...
February 9, 2017: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180954/magnetic-resonance-imaging-appearance-of-soft-tissue-metastases-our-experience-at-an-orthopedic-oncology-center
#18
Jennifer Sammon, Abhishek Jain, Robert Bleakney, Rakesh Mohankumar
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and magnetic resonance imaging appearance of metastasis presenting as a soft-tissue mass. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on 51 patients who presented to an orthopedic oncology center with soft-tissue masses, with a histology-proven diagnosis of soft-tissue metastasis, over a 14-year period. Their magnetic resonance imaging, primary origin, and follow-up have been assessed. RESULTS: Soft-tissue metastasis was identified in patients ranging from 18 to 85 years old...
February 8, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177989/accuracy-of-mri-in-restaging-locally-advanced-rectal-cancer-after-preoperative-chemoradiation
#19
Joris J van den Broek, Floor S W van der Wolf, Max J Lahaye, Luc A Heijnen, Christof Meischl, Martin A Heitbrink, W Hermien Schreurs
BACKGROUND: Patients with a locally advanced rectal carcinoma benefit from preoperative chemoradiotherapy. MRI is considered the first choice imaging modality after preoperative chemoradiation, although its reliability for restaging is debatable. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the accuracy of MRI in restaging locally advanced rectal cancer after preoperative chemoradiation. DESIGN: This was a retrospective study. SETTINGS: The study was conducted in a Dutch high-volume rectal cancer center...
March 2017: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175973/spontaneous-intramuscular-hematomas-of-the-abdomen-and-pelvis-a-new-multilevel-algorithm-to-direct-transarterial-embolization-and-patient-management
#20
Milen Popov, Charalampos Sotiriadis, Frederique Gay, Anne-Marie Jouannic, Yann Lachenal, Steven D Hajdu, Francesco Doenz, Salah D Qanadli
PURPOSE: To report our experience using a multilevel patient management algorithm to direct transarterial embolization (TAE) in managing spontaneous intramuscular hematoma (SIMH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: From May 2006 to January 2014, twenty-seven patients with SIMH had been referred for TAE to our Radiology department. Clinical status and coagulation characteristics of the patients are analyzed. An algorithm integrating CT findings is suggested to manage SIMH. Patients were classified into three groups: Type I, SIMH with no active bleeding (AB); Type II, SIMH with AB and no muscular fascia rupture (MFR); and Type III, SIMH with MFR and AB...
February 7, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
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