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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775820/adoption-of-farm-management-systems-for-cross-compliance-an-empirical-case-in-germany
#1
Ulrike Knuth, T S Amjath-Babu, Andrea Knierim
In Germany, Farm Management Systems (FMS) have been introduced as a support to farmers' compliance with environmental and other regulations, aiming at the increase of farm level performance and sustainable farming practices. Different kinds of FMS were developed and promulgated with various approaches, determined by each federal state's agricultural advisory system. Knowledge on the FMS' uptake and effectiveness has been lacking so far. The overall aim of this paper is to provide an analysis of the implementation process and selected outcomes of the policy-driven instrumental innovation of FMS...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772940/assistive-technology-and-people-a-position-paper-from-the-first-global-research-innovation-and-education-on-assistive-technology-great-summit
#2
Deirdre Desmond, Natasha Layton, Jacob Bentley, Fleur Heleen Boot, Johan Borg, Bishnu Maya Dhungana, Pamela Gallagher, Lynn Gitlow, Rosemary Joan Gowran, Nora Groce, Katerina Mavrou, Trish Mackeogh, Rachael McDonald, Cecilia Pettersson, Marcia Scherer
Assistive technology (AT) is a powerful enabler of participation. The World Health Organization's Global Collaboration on Assistive Technology (GATE) programme is actively working towards access to assistive technology for all. Developed through collaborative work as a part of the Global Research, Innovation and Education on Assistive Technology (GREAT) Summit, this position paper provides a "state of the science" view of AT users, conceptualized as "People" within the set of GATE strategic "P"s...
May 17, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772471/erm-for-health-care-organizations-an-economic-enterprise-risk-management-innovation-program-e-2-rm-health-care
#3
Ana Paula Beck da Silva Etges, Veronique Grenon, Joana Siqueira de Souza, Francisco José Kliemann Neto, Elaine Aparecida Felix
BACKGROUND: In recent years, health care organizations have looked to enterprise risk management (ERM) for novel systems to obtain more accurate data on which to base risk strategies. OBJECTIVE: This study proposes a conceptual ERM framework specifically designed for health care organizations. METHODS: We explore how hospitals in the United States and Brazil are structuring and implementing ERM processes within their management structure. This study incorporates interviews with 15 chief risk officers (8 from the United States and 7 from Brazil) with qualitative data analysis using NVivo (QSR International software)...
May 14, 2018: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757737/hierarchical-vertex-regression-based-segmentation-of-head-and-neck-ct-images-for-radiotherapy-planning
#4
Zhensong Wang, Lifang Wei, Li Wang, Yaozong Gao, Wufan Chen, Dinggang Shen
Segmenting organs at risk from head and neck CT images is a prerequisite for the treatment of head and neck cancer using intensity modulated radiotherapy. However, accurate and automatic segmentation of organs at risk is a challenging task due to the low contrast of soft tissue and image artifact in CT images. Shape priors have been proved effective in addressing this challenging task. However, conventional methods incorporating shape priors often suffer from sensitivity to shape initialization and also shape variations across individuals...
February 2018: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755139/thermomechanical-properties-and-glass-dynamics-of-polymer-tethered-colloidal-particles-and-films
#5
Yu Cang, Anna N Reuss, Jaejun Lee, Jiajun Yan, Jianan Zhang, Elena Alonso-Redondo, Rebecca Sainidou, Pascal Rembert, Krzysztof Matyjaszewski, Michael R Bockstaller, George Fytas
Polymer-tethered colloidal particles (aka "particle brush materials") have attracted interest as a platform for innovative material technologies and as a model system to elucidate glass formation in complex structured media. In this contribution, Brillouin light scattering is used to sequentially evaluate the role of brush architecture on the dynamical properties of brush particles in both the individual and assembled (film) state. In the former state, the analysis reveals that brush-brush interactions as well as global chain relaxation sensitively depend on grafting density; i...
November 14, 2017: Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752298/single-cell-rna-seq-of-human-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells-reveals-cellular-heterogeneity-and-cell-state-transitions-between-subpopulations
#6
Quan Nguyen, Samuel Lukowski, Han Chiu, Anne Senabouth, Timothy Bruxner, Angelika Christ, Nathan Palpant, Joseph Powell
Heterogeneity of cell states represented in pluripotent cultures have not been described at the transcriptional level. Since gene expression is highly heterogeneous between cells, single-cell RNA sequencing can be used to identify how individual pluripotent cells function. Here, we present results from the analysis of single-cell RNA sequencing data from 18,787 individual WTC CRISPRi human induced pluripotent stem cells. We developed an unsupervised clustering method, and through this identified four subpopulations distinguishable on the basis of their pluripotent state including: a core pluripotent population (48...
May 11, 2018: Genome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746187/queensland-youth-cancer-service-a-partnership-model-to-facilitate-access-to-quality-care-for-young-people-diagnosed-with-cancer
#7
Natalie K Bradford, Roslyn Henney, Rick Walker, Euan Walpole, Glen Kennedy, Wayne Nicholls, Ross Pinkerton
Global recognition of the need to improve outcomes for adolescents and young adults (AYA) with cancer has led to the development of specific oncology programs and services. In Australia, Youth Cancer Services (YCS) are now established across the country. While each service has been shaped by nationally agreed principles, program development has been influenced by local policy and geographic differences. Queensland is a vast state with a widely dispersed population; coordination of cancer services for young people across this landscape presents unique challenges...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743214/advancing-primary-care-through-alternative-payment-models-lessons-from-the-united-states-canada
#8
Andrew Bazemore, Robert L Phillips, Richard Glazier, Joshua Tepper
The United States and Canada share high costs, poor health system performance, and challenges to the transformation of primary care, in part due to the limitations of their fee-for-service payment models. Rapidly advancing alternative payment models (APMs) in both countries promise better support for the essential tasks of primary care. These include interdisciplinary teams, care coordination, self-management support, and ongoing communication. This article reviews learnings from a 2017 binational symposium of 150 experts in policy and research that included a discussion of ongoing APM experiments in the United States and Canada...
May 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735956/an-innovative-strategy-for-accurate-thermal-compensation-of-gyro-bias-in-inertial-units-by-exploiting-a-novel-augmented-kalman-filter
#9
Rita Fontanella, Domenico Accardo, Rosario Schiano Lo Moriello, Leopoldo Angrisani, Domenico De Simone
This paper presents an innovative model for integrating thermal compensation of gyro bias error into an augmented state Kalman filter. The developed model is applied in the Zero Velocity Update filter for inertial units manufactured by exploiting Micro Electro-Mechanical System (MEMS) gyros. It is used to remove residual bias at startup. It is a more effective alternative to traditional approach that is realized by cascading bias thermal correction by calibration and traditional Kalman filtering for bias tracking...
May 7, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735083/consumers-willingness-to-buy-innovative-traditional-food-products-the-case-of-extra-virgin-olive-oil-extracted-by-ultrasound
#10
Luigi Roselli, Gianni Cicia, Carla Cavallo, Teresa Del Giudice, Domenico Carlucci, Maria Lisa Clodoveo, Bernardo C De Gennaro
Innovation is fundamental for all agri-food companies to increase competitiveness, however the industrial process of extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) has changed very little over the last few decades. As it is a traditional food product (TFP), the main obstacle to innovation is precisely its traditional nature. According to the literature, any innovation regarding TFPs should be considered in terms of the specific product, and market success mainly depends upon the perceptions and traits of consumers. The present study evaluated the willingness of consumers to buy an innovative EVOO obtained by ultrasound extraction (ultrasonic EVOO) through an ordered logit model...
June 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730456/outcome-and-safety-analysis-of-3d-printed-patient-specific-pedicle-screw-jigs-for-complex-spinal-deformities-a-comparative-study
#11
Bhavuk Garg, Manish Gupta, Menaka Singh, Dinesh Kalyanasundaram
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Spinal deformities are very challenging to treat and have a great risk of neurological complications due to hardware placement during corrective surgery. Various techniques have been introduced to ensure safe and accurate placement of pedicle screws. Patient-specific screw guides with pre-drawn and pre-validated trajectory seems to be an attractive option. PURPOSE: We have focused on developing 3D printing technique for complex spinal deformities in India...
May 3, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707249/the-purdue-extension-and-indiana-ctsi-s-community-health-partnerships-collaboration-an-innovative-generalizable-state-wide-model-to-help-communities-build-a-culture-of-health
#12
Dennis A Savaiano, Krystal H Lynch, Donna J Vandergraff, Sarah E Wiehe, Lisa K Staten, Douglas K Miller
The Indiana Clinical and Translational Sciences Institute's Community Engagement Partners-Purdue Extension collaborative model demonstrates tremendous potential for creating state-wide programmatic efforts and improvements in both the health culture and status of Indiana residents across the state. It can serve as a prototype not only for others interested in pursuing wide geographic health improvements through Clinical and Translational Sciences Award-Cooperative Extension partnerships but also for broader collaborations among United States Department of Agriculture, National Institutes of Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, state and local health departments, and health foundation efforts to improve population health...
October 2017: Journal of Clinical and Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698120/use-of-free-libre-open-source-software-in-sepsis-omics-research-a-bibliometric-comparative-analysis-among-the-united-states-eu-28-member-states-and-china
#13
Nikolaos Evangelatos, Kapaettu Satyamourthy, Georgia Levidou, Helmut Brand, Pia Bauer, Christina Kouskouti, Angela Brand
"-Omics" systems sciences are at the epicenter of personalized medicine and public health, and drivers of knowledge-based biotechnology innovation. Bioinformatics, a core component of omics research, is one of the disciplines that first employed Free/Libre Open Source Software (FLOSS), and thus provided a fertile ground for its further development. Understanding the use and characteristics of FLOSS deployed in the omics field is valuable for future innovation strategies, policy and funding priorities...
April 26, 2018: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696326/access-to-orthopaedic-surgical-care-in-northern-tanzania-a-modelling-study
#14
Ajay Premkumar, Xiaohan Ying, W Mack Hardaker, Honest H Massawe, David J Mshahaba, Faiton Mandari, Anthony Pallangyo, Rogers Temu, Gileard Masenga, David A Spiegel, Neil P Sheth
BACKGROUND: The global burden of musculoskeletal disease and resulting disability is enormous and is expected to increase over the next few decades. In the world's poorest regions, the paucity of information defining and quantifying the current state of access to orthopaedic surgical care is a major problem in developing effective solutions. This study estimates the number of individuals in Northern Tanzania without adequate access to orthopaedic surgical services. METHODS: A chance tree was created to model the probability of access to orthopaedic surgical services in the Northern Tanzanian regions of Arusha, Kilimanjaro, Tanga, Singida, and Manyara, with respect to four dimensions: timeliness, surgical capacity, safety, and affordability...
April 25, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695268/scaling-up-art-adherence-clubs-in-the-public-sector-health-system-in-the-western-cape-south-africa-a-study-of-the-institutionalisation-of-a-pilot-innovation
#15
Hayley MacGregor, Andrew McKenzie, Tanya Jacobs, Angelica Ullauri
BACKGROUND: In 2011, a decision was made to scale up a pilot innovation involving 'adherence clubs' as a form of differentiated care for HIV positive people in the public sector antiretroviral therapy programme in the Western Cape Province of South Africa. In 2016 we were involved in the qualitative aspect of an evaluation of the adherence club model, the overall objective of which was to assess the health outcomes for patients accessing clubs through epidemiological analysis, and to conduct a health systems analysis to evaluate how the model of care performed at scale...
April 25, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694364/capturing-multi-stage-fuzzy-uncertainties-in-hybrid-system-dynamics-and-agent-based-models-for-enhancing-policy-implementation-in-health-systems-research
#16
Shiyong Liu, Konstantinos P Triantis, Li Zhao, Youfa Wang
BACKGROUND: In practical research, it was found that most people made health-related decisions not based on numerical data but on perceptions. Examples include the perceptions and their corresponding linguistic values of health risks such as, smoking, syringe sharing, eating energy-dense food, drinking sugar-sweetened beverages etc. For the sake of understanding the mechanisms that affect the implementations of health-related interventions, we employ fuzzy variables to quantify linguistic variable in healthcare modeling where we employ an integrated system dynamics and agent-based model...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688271/evolutionary-diversification-of-the-african-achyranthoid-clade-amaranthaceae-in-the-context-of-sterile-flower-evolution-and-epizoochory
#17
Vanessa Di Vincenzo, Michael Gruenstaeudl, Lars Nauheimer, Melaku Wondafrash, Peris Kamau, Sebsebe Demissew, Thomas Borsch
Background and Aims: Many African genera of the Amaranthaceae exhibit unique inflorescences that include sterile flowers modified to hooks or spines. Considering that the abundance of large terrestrial herbivores increased on the African continent with the expansion of grassland and savannah ecosystems, modified sterile flowers could have been an innovation that boosted the diversification of an African achyranthoid clade of Amaranthaceae, with large animals serving dispersal. Methods: We generated an extensively sampled phylogeny comprising 26 of the 31 achyranthoid genera as well as representatives of all other lineages of Amaranthaceae...
April 24, 2018: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684386/valuing-innovative-endoscopic-techniques-per-oral-endoscopic-myotomy-for-the-management-of-achalasia
#18
Eric D Shah, Andrew C Chang, Ryan Law
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Unclear reimbursement for new and innovative endoscopic procedures can limit adoption in clinical practice despite effectiveness in clinical trials. The aim of this study was to determine maximum cost-effective reimbursement for per-oral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) in treating achalasia. METHODS: We constructed a decision analytic model assessing POEM versus laparoscopic Heller myotomy with Dor fundoplication (LHM) in managing achalasia from a payer perspective over a 1-year time horizon...
April 20, 2018: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684042/bridging-the-gap-between-informatics-and-medicine-upon-medical-school-entry-implementing-a-course-on-the-applicative-use-of-ict
#19
Natasa M Milic, Nikola Ilic, Dejana M Stanisavljevic, Andja M Cirkovic, Jelena S Milin, Zoran M Bukumiric, Nikola V Milic, Marko D Savic, Sara M Ristic, Goran Z Trajkovic
Education is undergoing profound changes due to permanent technological innovations. This paper reports the results of a pilot study aimed at developing, implementing and evaluating the course, "Applicative Use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) in Medicine," upon medical school entry. The Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, introduced a curriculum reform in 2014 that included the implementation of the course, "Applicative Use of ICT in Medicine" for first year medical students...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673362/problems-maintaining-collaborative-approaches-with-excluded-populations-in-a-randomised-control-trial-lessons-learned-implementing-housing-first-in-france
#20
Pauline Rhenter, Aurélie Tinland, Julien Grard, Christian Laval, Jean Mantovani, Delphine Moreau, Benjamin Vidaud, Tim Greacen, Pascal Auquier, Vincent Girard
BACKGROUND: In 2006, a local collective combating homelessness set up an 'experimental squat' in an abandoned building in Marseille, France's second largest city. They envisioned the squat as an alternative to conventional health and social services for individuals experiencing long-term homelessness and severe psychiatric disorders. Building on what they learned from the squat, some then joined a larger coalition that succeeded in convincing national government decision-makers to develop a scientific, intervention-based programme based on the Housing First model...
April 19, 2018: Health Research Policy and Systems
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