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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762153/increased-mortality-and-reoperation-rates-after-treatment-for-septic-arthritis-of-the-knee-in-people-who-inject-drugs-nationwide-inpatient-sample-2000-2013
#1
David Hyung Won Oh, Alysse Gail Wurcel, David Joseph Tybor, Deirdre Burke, Mariano E Menendez, Matthew Joseph Salzler
BACKGROUND: The United States has a growing opioid epidemic impacting all aspects of health care including orthopaedic surgery. Septic arthritis of the knee is a condition commonly encountered by orthopaedic surgeons related to opioid and injection drug use (IDU). Changes in the frequency of hospitalizations for IDU-related septic arthritis and differences in septic arthritis patient outcomes according to IDU status in the setting of the burgeoning opioid epidemic are unknown. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: (1) What proportion of patients with septic arthritis of the knee use injection drugs? (2) Are there any differences in complications, reoperations, length of stay, and leaving against medical advice among patients with septic arthritis of the knee with and without IDU? (3) What are the age and racial trends in IDU-related septic arthritis of the knee from 2000 to 2013? METHODS: The Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, Nationwide Inpatient Sample database of years 2000 to 2013 was utilized for patients between ages 15 and 64 years with a principal discharge diagnosis of native septic arthritis of the lower leg, the vast majority of which represents the knee...
May 14, 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733731/assessing-medicare-s-approach-to-covering-new-drugs-in-bundled-payments-for-oncology
#2
L Daniel Muldoon, Pamela M Pelizzari, Kelsey A Lang, Joe Vandigo, Bruce S Pyenson
New oncology therapies can contribute to survival or quality of life, but payers and policy makers have raised concerns about the cost of these therapies. Similar concerns extend beyond cancer. In seeking a solution, payers are increasingly turning toward value-based payment models in which providers take financial risk for costs and outcomes. These models, including episode payment and bundled payment, create financial gains for providers who reduce cost, but they also create concerns about potential stinting on necessary treatments...
May 2018: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715227/comparison-of-direct-perioperative-costs-in-treatment-of-unstable-distal-radial-fractures-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-versus-closed-reduction-and-percutaneous-pinning
#3
Sreeharsha V Nandyala, Aviram M Giladi, Amber M Parker, Tamara D Rozental
BACKGROUND: As the United States transitions to value-based insurance, bundled payments, and capitated models, it is paramount to understand health-care costs and resource utilization. The financial implications of open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) with a volar locking plate for management of unstable distal radial fractures have not been established. We aimed to elucidate cost differences between ORIF and closed reduction and percutaneous pinning (CRPP). Our hypothesis was that ORIF has greater direct perioperative costs than CRPP but that the costs equilibrate over time...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712535/health-care-utilization-and-overall-costs-based-on-opioid-dependence-in-patients-undergoing-surgery-for-degenerative-spondylolisthesis
#4
Mayur Sharma, Beatrice Ugiliweneza, Zaid Aljuboori, Maxwell Boakye
OBJECTIVE Opioid abuse is highly prevalent in patients with back pain. The aim of this study was to identify health care utilization and overall costs associated with opioid dependence in patients undergoing surgery for degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS). METHODS The authors queried the MarketScan database using ICD-9 and CPT-4 codes from 2000 to 2012. Opioid dependency was defined as having a diagnosis of opioid use disorder, having a prescription for opioid use disorder, or having 10 or more opioid prescriptions...
May 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707957/a-health-plan-s-journey-to-identifying-meaningful-quality-measures
#5
Misty Roberts, Faith Green, Worthe Holt
The number of quality measures in health care is overwhelming, and reporting requirements are inconsistent. Value-based payments emphasize the need to prioritize quality measures and align across organizations. This article describes the process Humana undertook to reduce the quality measurement burden, refine measure consistency across the organization, ensure alignment with national standards, and relate quality measures to improved health outcomes within the health plan. Of the 1100 measures identified in use at Humana, 699 were duplicative or inconsistent...
April 1, 2018: American Journal of Medical Quality: the Official Journal of the American College of Medical Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704683/rates-of-hospital-readmission-among-medicare-beneficiaries-with-gastrointestinal-bleeding-vary-based-on-etiology-and-comorbidities
#6
Shazia Mehmood Siddique, Shivan J Mehta, James Lewis, Mark D Neuman, Rachel M Werner
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Gastrointestinal bleeding results in significant morbidity, mortality, and healthcare costs in the United States. The Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services' payment reform programs assess quality and value based on rates of hospital readmission for patients with gastrointestinal bleeding, but they identify these patients using Medicare Severity Diagnosis Related Groups (MS-DRGs), which include many types of gastrointestinal bleeding and do not account for the clinical heterogeneity among these patients...
April 25, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699412/are-financial-incentives-for-lifestyle-behavior-change-informed-or-inspired-by-behavioral-economics-a-mapping-review
#7
Bronwyn McGill, Blythe J O'Hara, Adrian Bauman, Anne C Grunseit, Philayrath Phongsavan
OBJECTIVE: To identify the behavioral economics (BE) conceptual underpinnings of lifestyle financial incentive (FI) interventions. DATA SOURCE: A mapping review of peer-reviewed literature was conducted by searching electronic databases. STUDY INCLUSION AND EXCLUSION CRITERIA: Inclusion criteria were real-world FI interventions explicitly mentioning BE, targeting individuals, or populations with lifestyle-related behavioral outcomes. Exclusion criteria were hypothetical studies, health professional focus, clinically oriented interventions...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697473/we-do-not-know-what-we-do-not-know-innovative-approaches-to-value-measurement
#8
Aaron A Laviana, Matthew J Resnick
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Over the past several years, there has been an increasing focus on improving the 'value' of healthcare delivered, defined as the ratio of clinical outcomes to the costs incurred to achieve them. The former U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services Sylvia Burwell announced in 2015 that the majority of healthcare payments in the Medicare and Medicaid programmes will align with value by 2018. Although this has yet to fully mature, numerous health systems have restructured with a goal of improving the value of care delivered to their populations...
April 24, 2018: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680412/variation-in-medicare-payments-and-reimbursement-rates-for-hepatopancreatic-surgery-based-on-quality-is-there-a-financial-incentive-for-high-quality-hospitals
#9
Jay J Idrees, Brad F Rosinski, Qinyu Chen, Fabio Bagante, Katiuscha Merath, Susan White, Timothy M Pawlik
BACKGROUND: To better define the financial impact of high-quality care for payers and hospitals, we compared outcomes and Medicare payments between high-quality (HQ) and low-quality (LQ) hospitals after hepatopancreatic surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Between 2013 through 2015 15,874 Medicare beneficiaries underwent hepatopancreatic surgery. Using the entire cohort, multivariable logistic regression was performed to categorize hospitals into quintiles based on the probability of experiencing a major complication; HQ (bottom 20%) and LQ (top 20%) hospitals were identified...
April 19, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670391/determining-30-day-readmission-risk-for-heart-failure-patients-the-readmission-after-heart-failure-scale
#10
Ronald S Chamberlain, Jaswinder Sond, Krishnaraj Mahendraraj, Christine Sm Lau, Brianna L Siracuse
Background: Chronic heart failure (CHF), which affects >5 million Americans, accounts for >1 million hospitalizations annually. As a part of the Hospital Readmission Reduction Program, the Affordable Care Act requires that the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services reduce payments to hospitals with excess readmissions. This study sought to develop a scale that reliably predicts readmission rates among patients with CHF. Methods: The State Inpatient Database (2006-2011) was utilized, and discharge data including demographic and clinical characteristics on 642,448 patients with CHF from California and New York (derivation cohort) and 365,359 patients with CHF from Florida and Washington (validation cohort) were extracted...
2018: International Journal of General Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607051/comprehensive-home-based-care-coordination-for-vulnerable-elders-with-dementia-maximizing-independence-at-home-plus-study-protocol
#11
Quincy M Samus, Karen Davis, Amber Willink, Betty S Black, Melissa Reuland, Jeannie Leoutsakos, David L Roth, Jennifer Wolff, Laura N Gitlin, Constantine G Lyketsos, Deirdre Johnston
Introduction: Despite availability of effective care strategies for dementia, most health care systems are not yet organized or equipped to provide comprehensive family-centered dementia care management. Maximizing Independence at Home-Plus is a promising new model of dementia care coordination being tested in the U.S. through a Health Care Innovation Award funded by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services that may serve as a model to address these delivery gaps, improve outcomes, and lower costs...
December 2017: International Journal of Care Coordination
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606288/the-impact-of-pay-for-performance-on-the-quality-of-care-in-ophthalmology-empirical-evidence-from-germany
#12
T Herbst, J Foerster, M Emmert
BACKGROUND: Pay-for-performance (P4P) has become a popular approach to increase effectiveness and efficiency in healthcare. So far, there is little evidence regarding the potential of P4P in the German healthcare setting. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of P4P on the quality of care in cataract surgery. METHODS: In 2012, a P4P program was implemented in a German surgical centre for ophthalmology. Five quality measures regarding process quality, outcomes, and patient satisfaction were measured over a period of 4...
March 22, 2018: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595675/a-12-year-analysis-of-closed-medical-malpractice-claims-of-the-taiwan-civil-court-a-retrospective-study
#13
Chi-Yuan Hwang, Chien-Hung Wu, Fu-Cheng Cheng, Yung-Lin Yen, Kuan-Han Wu
Malpractices lawsuits cause increased physician stress and decreased career satisfaction, which might result in defensive medicine for avoiding litigation. It is, consequently, important to learn experiences from previous malpractice claims. The aim of this study was to examine the epidemiologic factors related to medical malpractice claims, identify specialties at high risk of such claims, and determine clinical which errors tend to lead to medical malpractice lawsuits, by analyzing closed malpractice claims in the civil courts of Taiwan...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582520/pediatric-endocrine-society-survey-of-diabetes-practices-in-the-united-states-what-is-the-current-state
#14
Ines Guttmann-Bauman, Paul Thornton, Soumya Adhikari, Kent Reifschneider, Michael A Wood, Tyler Hamby, Karen Rubin
The Practice Management Committee (PMC) of the Pediatric Endocrine Society (PES) conducted a survey of its membership in February/March 2016 to assess the current state of pediatric diabetes care delivery across multiple practice types in the United States. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The PES distributed an anonymous electronic survey (Survey Monkey) via email to its membership and requested that only one survey be completed for each practice. RESULTS: Ninety-three unique entries from the US were entered into analysis...
March 26, 2018: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573215/longitudinal-medical-resources-and-costs-among-type-2-diabetes-patients-participating-in-the-trial-evaluating-cardiovascular-outcomes-with-sitagliptin-tecos
#15
Shelby D Reed, Yanhong Li, Jose Leal, Larry Radican, Amanda I Adler, Joakim Alfredsson, John B Buse, Jennifer B Green, Keith D Kaufman, Axel Riefflin, Frans Van de Werf, Eric D Peterson, Alastair M Gray, Rury R Holman
AIMS: TECOS, a cardiovascular safety trial of 14,671 patients with type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, demonstrated sitagliptin was non-inferior to placebo for the primary composite cardiovascular outcome when added to best usual care. This study tested hypotheses that medical resource use and costs differed between these two treatment strategies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical resource use information was collected on case report forms throughout the trial and valued using US costs: Medicare payments for hospitalizations, medical procedures, and outpatient visits, and wholesale acquisition costs (WAC) for diabetes-related medications...
March 23, 2018: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566833/paying-for-cures-perspectives-on-solutions-to-the-affordability-issue
#16
Sarah Karlsberg Schaffer, Donna Messner, Jorge Mestre-Ferrandiz, Ellen Tambor, Adrian Towse
Curative therapies and other medicines considered "game-changing" in terms of health gain can be accompanied by high demand and high list prices that pose budget challenges to public and private payers and health systems-the so-called affordability issue. These challenges are exacerbated when longer term effectiveness, and thus value for money, is uncertain, but they can arise even when treatments are proven to be highly cost-effective at the time of launch. This commentary reviews innovative payment solutions proposed in the literature to address the affordability issue, including the use of credit markets and of staged payments linked to patient outcomes, and draws on discussions with payers in the United States and Europe on the feasibility or desirability of operationalizing any of the alternative financing and payment strategies that appear in the literature...
March 2018: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566830/affordability-challenges-to-value-based-pricing-mass-diseases-orphan-diseases-and-cures
#17
Patricia M Danzon
OBJECTIVES: To analyze how value-based pricing (VBP), which grounds the price paid for pharmaceuticals in their value, can manage "affordability" challenges, defined as drugs that meet cost-effectiveness thresholds but are "unaffordable" within the short-run budget. METHODS: Three specific contexts are examined, drawing on recent experience. First, an effective new treatment for a chronic, progressive disease, such as hepatitis C, creates a budget spike that is transitory because initial prevalence is high, relative to current incidence...
March 2018: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564518/hospital-teaching-status-and-medicare-expenditures-for-hepato-pancreato-biliary-surgery
#18
Qinyu Chen, Fabio Bagante, Katiuscha Merath, Jay Idrees, Eliza W Beal, Jordan Cloyd, Mary Dillhoff, Carl Schmidt, Adrian Diaz, Susan White, Timothy M Pawlik
BACKGROUND: The association of hospital teaching status and overall expenditures has not been studied among patients undergoing hepato-pancreato-biliary (HPB) surgery. We sought to define the impact of hospital teaching intensity on payments and charges associated with (HPB) surgery from the payer perspective. METHODS: Surgical patients undergoing HPB procedures were identified using 2013-2015 Medicare Provider Analysis and Review (MEDPAR) data. Hospital teaching intensity was categorized based on hospital resident-to-bed ratio: non-teaching (NTH: 0), minor teaching (minor-TH: 0-0...
March 21, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537697/hepatology-in-a-changing-health-care-landscape-a-call-for-health-services-research
#19
Lisa B VanWagner, Fasiha Kanwal
With the passage of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) followed by the physician payment reform, there is an urgent need to better understand the complex relationships between structure (including incentives), processes, and outcomes of health care and, based on this understanding, identify interventions that can ensure delivery of high value care to patients with liver disease. As hepatologists, how do we systematically address these issues and ensure that we provide high-value care to our patients? These factors combine in the burgeoning field of health services research...
March 14, 2018: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530887/association-between-30-day-episode-payments-and-acute-myocardial-infarction-outcomes-among-medicare-beneficiaries
#20
Rishi K Wadhera, Karen E Joynt Maddox, Yun Wang, Changyu Shen, Deepak L Bhatt, Robert W Yeh
BACKGROUND: Recent policy efforts have focused on improving the value of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) care. Medicare payment programs, for example, increasingly evaluate hospital performance based on spending, as determined by payments made to institutions and providers, and outcome measures for a longitudinal episode of AMI care. Little is known about the relationship between total 30-day payments-both in the inpatient and immediate postdischarge timeframe-and outcomes after an admission for AMI...
March 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
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