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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099788/deploying-and-measuring-a-risk-and-patient-safety-program
#1
Howard Orel, Molly McGroarty, Heather Marchegiani
Health care continues to evolve at a rapid rate. Over just the past decade, the industry has seen the introduction and widespread implementation of an electronic health record, increase in presence of nurse practitioners and physician assistants to help manage the shortage of physicians, and the introduction of accountable care organizations. It is with these changes that new challenges and opportunities emerge. One such challenge is the increase in the severity of medical malpractice claims throughout the nation...
January 2017: Journal of Healthcare Risk Management: the Journal of the American Society for Healthcare Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099106/costing-in-radiology-and-health-care-rationale-relativity-rudiments-and-realities
#2
Geoffrey D Rubin
Costs direct decisions that influence the effectiveness of radiology in the care of patients on a daily basis. Yet many radiologists struggle to harness the power of cost measurement and cost management as a critical path toward establishing their value in patient care. When radiologists cannot articulate their value, they risk losing control over how imaging is delivered and supported. In the United States, recent payment trends directing value-based payments for bundles of care advance the imperative for radiology providers to articulate their value...
February 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095584/creating-a-dedicated-education-unit-in-long-term-care
#3
Jodie R Fox
HOW TO OBTAIN CONTACT HOURS BY READING THIS ARTICLE INSTRUCTIONS XX contact hours will be awarded by Villanova University College of Nursing upon successful completion of this activity. A contact hour is a unit of measurement that denotes 60 minutes of an organized learning activity. This is a learner-based activity. Villanova University College of Nursing does not require submission of your answers to the quiz. A contact hour certificate will be awarded once you register, pay the registration fee, and complete the evaluation form online at http://goo...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077232/evidence-for-underuse-of-effective-medical-services-around-the-world
#4
REVIEW
Paul Glasziou, Sharon Straus, Shannon Brownlee, Lyndal Trevena, Leonila Dans, Gordon Guyatt, Adam G Elshaug, Robert Janett, Vikas Saini
Underuse-the failure to use effective and affordable medical interventions-is common and responsible for substantial suffering, disability, and loss of life worldwide. Underuse occurs at every point along the treatment continuum, from populations lacking access to health care to inadequate supply of medical resources and labour, slow or partial uptake of innovations, and patients not accessing or declining them. The extent of underuse for different interventions varies by country, and is documented in countries of high, middle, and low-income, and across different types of health-care systems, payment models, and health services...
January 6, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073062/effects-of-payment-reform-in-more-versus-less-competitive-markets
#5
Neeraj Sood, Abby Alpert, Kayleigh Barnes, Peter Huckfeldt, José J Escarce
Policymakers are increasingly interested in reducing healthcare costs and inefficiencies through innovative payment strategies. These strategies may have heterogeneous impacts across geographic areas, potentially reducing or exacerbating geographic variation in healthcare spending. In this paper, we exploit a major payment reform for home health care to examine whether reductions in reimbursement lead to differential changes in treatment intensity and provider costs depending on the level of competition in a market...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062808/practice-innovation-for-care-integration-opioid-management-and-quality-measurement-in-family-medicine
#6
EDITORIAL
Anne Victoria Neale, Marjorie A Bowman, Dean A Seehusen
Ringing in the new year 2017! This may finally be the year of real practice improvement after many false starts. Research into practice transformation has informed both local work and national policy. Human factors and payment structures are key. And payment structures depend on how quality is measured. Large gaps between practicing physician recommendations for the most important quality measures and those currently imposed externally are exposed in this issue. Also see information on in-practice social work consultations and their outcomes and recommendations from innovators in integrated care, and for chronic opioid therapy management based on visits to many family medicine offices...
January 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062678/facility-practice-variation-to-help-understand-the-effects-of-public-policy-insights-from-the-dialysis-outcomes-and-practice-patterns-study-dopps
#7
Douglas S Fuller, Bruce M Robinson
Recent Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services policies have used dialysis facility practice variation to develop public ratings and adjust payments. In the Dialysis Facility Compare star rating system (DFC SRS), facility-relative rates of performance-based clinical measures varied nearly two-fold for mortality (standardized mortality ratio; 10th/90th percentiles: 0.71, 1.34) and hospitalization (standardized hospitalization ratio; 10th/90th percentiles: 0.64, 1.37), and nearly four-fold for transfusion (standardized transfusion ratio; 10th/90th percentiles: 0...
January 6, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004380/impact-of-health-system-affiliation-on-hospital-resource-use-intensity-and-quality-of-care
#8
Rachel Mosher Henke, Zeynal Karaca, Brian Moore, Eli Cutler, Hangsheng Liu, William D Marder, Herbert S Wong
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of hospital affiliation, centralization, and managed care plan ownership on inpatient cost and quality. DATA SOURCES: Inpatient discharges from 3,957 community hospitals in 44 states and American Hospital Association Annual Survey data from 2010 to 2012. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective longitudinal regression analysis using hierarchical modeling of discharges clustered within hospitals. DATA COLLECTION: Detailed discharge data including costs, length of stay, and patient characteristics from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project State Inpatient Databases were merged with hospital survey data from the American Hospital Association...
December 22, 2016: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983892/investor-outlook-solving-gene-therapy-pricing%C3%A2-with-a-cures-voucher
#9
Joshua Schimmer, Steven Breazzano
Gene therapy reimbursement continues to be an intense topic of discussion in the field given the unique and durable benefits from a single administration and generally small patient populations against a reimbursement framework that is not optimized for such "cures" or long-lived benefits. As more gene therapy programs enter the market and late-stage development, it is increasingly important for the field to define a reimbursement model that works for all stakeholders in order to encourage the next wave of innovation...
December 2016: Human Gene Therapy. Clinical Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973424/non-uniform-microstrip-antenna-array-for-dsrc-in-single-lane-structures
#10
Tiago Varum, João N Matos, Pedro Pinho
Vehicular communications have been subject to a great development in recent years, with multiple applications, such as electronic payments, improving the convenience and comfort of drivers. Its communication network is supported by dedicated short range communications (DSRC), a system composed of onboard units (OBU) and roadside units (RSU). A recently conceived different set-up for the tolling infrastructures consists of placing them in highway access roads, allowing a number of benefits over common gateway infrastructures, divided into several lanes and using complex systems...
December 11, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941392/a-new-era-of-quality-measurement-in-rheumatology-electronic-clinical-quality-measures-and-national-registries
#11
Chris Tonner, Gabriela Schmajuk, Jinoos Yazdany
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article reviews the evolution of quality measurement in rheumatology, highlighting new health-information technology infrastructure and standards that are enabling unprecedented innovation in this field. RECENT FINDINGS: Spurred by landmark legislation that ties physician payment to value, the widespread use of electronic health records, and standards such as the Quality Data Model, quality measurement in rheumatology is rapidly evolving...
December 9, 2016: Current Opinion in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939171/improving-the-electronic-nexus-between-generalists-and-specialists-a-public-health-imperative
#12
Michael J Young, Julien Pham
Recent changes in healthcare delivery and payment policy have precipitated interest among healthcare providers across the U.S. seeking innovative strategies to achieve higher quality, lower cost care through improved resource-utilization. One dimension of healthcare delivery with distinctive potential for improvement is care coordination between primary care and specialist providers. Optimizing the nexus between PCPs and specialists through innovations including eConsultation platforms portends reductions in unnecessary referrals and testing, and may help align incentives to promote high-value care...
December 2016: Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933149/venous-thromboembolism-capture-on-electronic-systems-in-obstetrics-patients-at-st-thomas-hospital
#13
Aminah Noor Ahmad, Megan Leyla Byrne, Nazia Imambaccus, Dawid Hubert, Anna Gateley, Salwa Abdullahi Idle, Jilly Lloyd
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is one of the leading causes of maternal mortality in the UK. Therefore, timely VTE risk assessment is essential in all obstetrics patients. The Commissioning for Quality and Innovation (CQUIN) payment framework set a target for trusts to complete a VTE risk assessment within 24 hours of admission for 95% of patients. A combination of factors, including lack of integration between multiple IT systems, means that this CQUIN target is currently not being met for obstetric patients in the Hospital Birth Centre at Guys and St Thomas' NHS Trust...
2016: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926675/improvement-in-total-joint-replacement-quality-metrics-year-one-versus-year-three-of-the-bundled-payments-for-care-improvement-initiative
#14
John M Dundon, Joseph Bosco, James Slover, Stephen Yu, Yousuf Sayeed, Richard Iorio
BACKGROUND: In January 2013, a large, tertiary, urban academic medical center began participation in the Bundled Payments for Care Improvement (BPCI) initiative for total joint arthroplasty, a program implemented by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) in 2011. Medicare Severity-Diagnosis Related Groups (MS-DRGs) 469 and 470 were included. We participated in BPCI Model 2, by which an episode of care includes the inpatient and all post-acute care costs through 90 days following discharge...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884928/macra-2-0-are-you-ready-for-mips
#15
REVIEW
Joshua A Hirsch, Andrew B Rosenkrantz, Sameer A Ansari, Laxmaiah Manchikanti, Gregory N Nicola
The annual cost of healthcare delivery in the USA now exceeds US$3 trillion. Fee for service methodology is often implicated as a cause of this exceedingly high figure. The Affordable Care Act created the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation (CMMI) to pilot test value based alternative payments for reimbursing physician services. In 2015, the Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act (MACRA) was passed into law. MACRA has dramatic implications for all US based healthcare providers. MACRA permanently repealed the Medicare Sustainable Growth Rate so as to stabilize physician part B Medicare payments, consolidated pre-existing federal performance programs into the Merit based Incentive Payments System (MIPS), and legislatively mandated new approaches to paying clinicians...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870676/bundled-payments-for-care-improvement-lessons-learned-in-the-first-year
#16
Peter L Althausen, Lisa Mead
The Bundled Payments for Care Improvement (BPCI) initiative is the latest cost-saving program developed by the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation. This model is intended to create a system for higher quality and more coordinated care at a lower cost to Medicare. It is currently an optional program for physician groups, hospitals and post-acute care providers to benefit financially from improved care models and cost containment measures. Under the initiative, organizations enter into payment arrangements that include financial and performance accountability for episodes of care...
December 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847967/women-physicians-in-byzantium
#17
Ioannis D Gkegkes, Christos Iavazzo, Thalia A Sardi, Matthew E Falagas
Women were allowed to practice the medical profession during the Byzantine Empire. The presence of female physicians was not an innovation of the Byzantine era but actually originated from ancient Greece and Rome. The studies and the training of women doctors were apparently equivalent to those of their male colleagues. The principal medical specialties of the female doctors were gynecology and midwifery. Byzantine legislation treated relatively equally both female and male doctors. For this reason, it can be assumed that the presence of female doctors was correlated with the position of women in Byzantine society...
November 15, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832116/real-time-social-data-collection-in-rural-bangladesh-via-a-microtasks-for-micropayments-platform-on-android-smartphones
#18
Andrew Reid Bell, Patrick S Ward, Mary E Killilea, Md Ehsanul Haque Tamal
The advent of cheap smartphones in rural areas across the globe presents an opportunity to change the mode with which researchers engage hard-to-reach populations. In particular, smartphones allow researchers to connect with respondents more frequently than standard household surveys, opening a new window into important short-term variability in key measures of household and community wellbeing. In this paper, we present early results from a pilot study in rural Bangladesh using a 'microtasks for micropayments' model to collect a range of community and household living standards data using Android smartphones...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821222/understanding-farmers-preferences-for-artificial-insemination-services-provided-through-dairy-hubs
#19
I A Omondi, K K Zander, S Bauer, I Baltenweck
Africa has a shortage of animal products but increasing demand because of population growth, urbanisation and changing consumer patterns. Attempts to boost livestock production through the use of breeding technologies such as artificial insemination (AI) have been failing in many countries because costs have escalated and success rates have been relatively low. One example is Kenya, a country with a relatively large number of cows and a dairy industry model relevant to neighbouring countries. There, an innovative dairy marketing approach (farmer-owned collective marketing systems called dairy hubs) has been implemented to enhance access to dairy markets and dairy-related services, including breeding services such as AI...
November 8, 2016: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693259/from-healthcare-to-health-a-proposed-pathway-to-population-health
#20
Ursula Koch, Somava Stout, Bruce E Landon, Russell S Phillips
Innovations in payment are encouraging clinical-community partnerships that address health determinants. However, little is known about how healthcare systems transform and partner to improve population health. We synthesized views of population health experts from nine organizations and illustrated the resulting model using examples from four health systems. The transformation requires a foundation of primary care, connectors and integrators that span the boundaries, sharing of goals among participants, aligned funding and incentives, and a supporting infrastructure, all leading to a virtuous cycle of collaboration...
December 2016: Healthcare
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