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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141327/-gender-differences-in-stressful-life-events-and-depression-in-chinese-adults-aged-30-79-years
#1
M Wu, J C Li, C Q Yu, Y P Chen, J Lyu, Y Guo, Z Bian, Y L Tan, P Pei, J S Chen, Z M Chen, L M Li
Objective: To investigate gender specific differences in the association between stressful life events (SLEs) and depression in Chinese adults aged 30-79 years. Methods: In the baseline survey during 2004-2008, the China Kadoorie Biobank (CKB) recruited 512 891 men and women aged 30-79 years from 10 areas of China. Detailed information on SLEs, including demographic and socio-economic status, smoking, alcohol drinking and history of chronic disease, as well as depression symptoms and major depressive episodes (MDEs) in preceding 12 months, was collected by using standardized questionnaire...
November 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141269/-practice-guideline-autoimmune-liver-diseases-awmf-reg-no-021-27
#2
(no author information available yet)
The guideline was created under the leadership of the DGVS and with participation of neighbouring scientific societies and is intended as a practical aid for the diagnosis and therapy of autoimmune liver diseases. The aim is to represent the current state of science, promote the recognition of the disease and improve the treatment of patients.
November 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141187/factors-associated-with-final-year-nursing-students-desire-to-work-in-the-primary-health-care-setting-findings-from-a-national-cross-sectional-survey
#3
Jacqueline G Bloomfield, Christina Aggar, Tamsin H T Thomas, Christopher J Gordon
BACKGROUND: Registered nurses are under-represented in the primary health care setting both internationally and in Australia, and this shortage is predicted to worsen. To address the increasingly complex healthcare needs of an ageing population, it is vital to develop and sustain a primary health care nursing workforce, yet attracting nurses is challenging. In Australia, registered nurses graduating from university typically commence their careers in hospital-based transition to professional practice programs...
October 23, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141153/using-observational-data-to-calibrate-simulation-models
#4
Eleanor J Murray, James M Robins, George R Seage, Sara Lodi, Emily P Hyle, Krishna P Reddy, Kenneth A Freedberg, Miguel A Hernán
BACKGROUND: Individual-level simulation models are valuable tools for comparing the impact of clinical or public health interventions on population health and cost outcomes over time. However, a key challenge is ensuring that outcome estimates correctly reflect real-world impacts. Calibration to targets obtained from randomized trials may be insufficient if trials do not exist for populations, time periods, or interventions of interest. Observational data can provide a wider range of calibration targets but requires methods to adjust for treatment-confounder feedback...
November 1, 2017: Medical Decision Making: An International Journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141072/association-of-cetp-gene-variants-with-risk-for-vascular-and-nonvascular-diseases-among-chinese-adults
#5
Iona Y Millwood, Derrick A Bennett, Michael V Holmes, Ruth Boxall, Yu Guo, Zheng Bian, Ling Yang, Sam Sansome, Yiping Chen, Huaidong Du, Canqing Yu, Alex Hacker, Dermot F Reilly, Yunlong Tan, Michael R Hill, Junshi Chen, Richard Peto, Hongbing Shen, Rory Collins, Robert Clarke, Liming Li, Robin G Walters, Zhengming Chen
Importance: Increasing levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol through pharmacologic inhibition of cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) is a potentially important strategy for prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Objective: To use genetic variants in the CETP gene to assess potential risks and benefits of lifelong lower CETP activity on CVD and other outcomes. Design, Setting, and Participants: This prospective biobank study included 151 217 individuals aged 30 to 79 years who were enrolled from 5 urban and 5 rural areas of China from June 25, 2004, through July 15, 2008...
November 15, 2017: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140970/clinical-impact-of-external-laryngeal-manipulation-during-laryngoscopy-on-tracheal-intubation-success-in-critically-ill-children
#6
Taiki Kojima, Elizabeth K Laverriere, Erin B Owen, Ilana Harwayne-Gidansky, Asha N Shenoi, Natalie Napolitano, Kyle J Rehder, Michelle A Adu-Darko, Sholeen T Nett, Debbie Spear, Keith Meyer, John S Giuliano, Keiko M Tarquinio, Ronald C Sanders, Jan Hau Lee, Dennis W Simon, Paula A Vanderford, Anthony Y Lee, Calvin A Brown, Peter W Skippen, Ryan K Breuer, Iris Toedt-Pingel, Simon J Parsons, Eleanor A Gradidge, Lily B Glater, Kathleen Culver, Simon Li, Lee A Polikoff, Joy D Howell, Gabrielle Nuthall, Gokul K Bysani, Ana L Graciano, Guillaume Emeriaud, Osamu Saito, Alberto Orioles, Karen Walson, Philipp Jung, Awni M Al-Subu, Takanari Ikeyama, Rakshay Shetty, Kathleen M Yoder, Vinay M Nadkarni, Akira Nishisaki
OBJECTIVES: External laryngeal manipulation is a commonly used maneuver to improve visualization of the glottis during tracheal intubation in children. However, the effectiveness to improve tracheal intubation attempt success rate in the nonanesthesia setting is not clear. The study objective was to evaluate the association between external laryngeal manipulation use and initial tracheal intubation attempt success in PICUs. DESIGN: A retrospective observational study using a multicenter emergency airway quality improvement registry...
November 14, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140919/collaboration-and-teamwork-in-the-health-professions-rethinking-the-role-of-conflict
#7
Quentin Eichbaum
Whereas the business professions have long recognized that conflict can be a source of learning and innovation, the health professions still tend to view conflict negatively as being disruptive, inefficient, and unprofessional. As a consequence, the health professions tend to avoid conflict or resolve it quickly. This neglect to appreciate conflict's positive attributes appears to be driven in part by (1) individuals' fears about being negatively perceived and the potential negative consequences in an organization of being implicated in conflict, (2) constrained views and approaches to professionalism and to evaluation and assessment, and (3) lingering autocracies and hierarchies of power that view conflict as a disruptive threat...
November 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140876/evidence-based-guidance-to-assist-volunteers-working-with-at-risk-children-in-a-school-context
#8
Emmy De Buck, Philippe Vandekerckhove, Karin Hannes
AIM: One of the activities of the Belgian Red Cross is the 'Bridging the Gap' project, in collaboration with local schools. In this project, volunteers join the teaching staff to improve personal development goals in at-risk children with poor performance. The aim of this study was to develop evidence-based guidance for the volunteers to help them choose the right didactical approach for supporting these children. METHOD: Systematic literature searches were performed in three bibliographic databases (the Campbell Library, MEDLINE and ERIC) to find the effectiveness of 16 different didactical activities...
November 14, 2017: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140848/mortality-trends-after-a-voluntary-checklist-based-surgical-safety-collaborative
#9
Alex B Haynes, Lizabeth Edmondson, Stuart R Lipsitz, George Molina, Bridget A Neville, Sara J Singer, Aunyika T Moonan, Ashley Kay Childers, Richard Foster, Lorri R Gibbons, Atul A Gawande, William R Berry
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether completion of a voluntary, checklist-based surgical quality improvement program is associated with reduced 30-day postoperative mortality. BACKGROUND: Despite evidence of efficacy of team-based surgical safety checklists in improving perioperative outcomes in research trials, effective methods of population-based implementation have been lacking. The Safe Surgery 2015 South Carolina program was designed to foster state-wide engagement of hospitals in a voluntary, collaborative implementation of a checklist program...
December 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140663/a-recipe-for-justice-support-for-a-federal-food-justice-interagency-working-group
#10
Melanie Pugh
Systemic social justice issues are characterized as having complex and far-reaching causes. Food justice is one such an issue. Food justice is defined as “justice for all [people] in the food system,” from agricultural production to consumer products. Policies seeking to remedy systemic social justice issues often need to include the attention of many levels of government and coordination across multiple agencies to move issues forward. That is why finding a model for interagency collaboration that has evidenced success, especially over the long-term, is inspiring and worth mirroring...
2017: Food and Drug Law Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140596/florence-robotic-intracorporeal-neobladder-florin-a-new-reconfiguration-strategy-developed-following-the-ideal-guidelines
#11
Andrea Minervini, Davide Vanacore, Gianni Vittori, Martina Milanesi, Agostino Tuccio, Giampaolo Siena, Riccardo Campi, Andrea Mari, Andrea Gavazzi, Marco Carini
OBJECTIVE: To describe our step-by-step technique for robotic intracorporeal neobladder configuration, including the stages of conception, development and exploration of this surgical innovation, according to the IDEAL Collaboration guidelines. PATIENTS AND METHODS: FloRIN neobladder was performed after the following main surgical steps: isolation of 50 cm of ileum; bowel anastomosis; urethro-ileal anastomosis creating an asymmetrical U shape (30 cm distally and 20 cm proximally to anastomosis), ileum detubularisation; posterior wall reconfiguration as an L; bladder neck reconstruction; anterior folding of the posterior plate to reach the 12 o'clock position; uretero-enteral "orthotopic" bilateral anastomosis...
November 15, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140497/integrating-complementary-and-traditional-practices-in-middle-eastern-supportive-cancer-care
#12
Eran Ben-Arye, Noah Samuels, Michel Daher, Ibrahim Turker, Omar Nimri, Maryam Rassouli, Michael Silbermann
The Middle East is a promising arena in which researchers can explore the interchange between cross-cultural traditional medicine and supportive cancer care, as provided within an integrative oncology setting. Integrative oncology research and clinical practice in this part of the world have been focusing, for the most part, on the use of herbal medicine and mind-body-spiritual modalities, both of which are deeply rooted in traditional medical care. A regional, multinational, and interdisciplinary collaboration is currently being undertaken as part of the academic activities of the Middle-East Research Group in Integrative Oncology (MERGIO)...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140495/traditional-and-complementary-medicine-in-pediatric-oncology-and-low-middle-income-countries-recommendations-from-the-international-society-of-pediatric-oncology-siop-t-cm-collaborative
#13
Elena J Ladas, Stacey Marjerrison, Brijesh Arora, Peter B Hesseling, Roberta Ortiz, Federico Antillon, Shalini Jatia, Glenn M Afungchwi
Significant strides have been made in the treatment of childhood cancer. Improvements in survival have led to increased attention toward supportive care indications; including the use of traditional and complementary medicine (T&CM). The use of T&CM among children and adolescents with cancer is well documented in both high-income countries (HICs) and low-middle income countries (LMICs). A higher incidence of the use of T&CM has been reported among children undergoing treatment in LMICs, which has elevated concerns related to drug interactions, adherence to therapy, and treatment-related toxicities...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140488/us-national-cancer-institute-china-collaborative-studies-on-chinese-medicine-and-cancer
#14
Libin Jia, Hongsheng Lin, Joost Oppenheim, O M Zack Howard, Jie Li, Huiting Fan, Zhizheng Zhao, William Farrar, Ying Zhang, Nancy Colburn, Matthew R Young, Weidong Li, David Newman, Barry R O'Keefe, John Beutler, Jikai Liu, Xiaojiang Hao, Xiaosheng Yang, Tengfei Ji, Jeffrey D White
Since 2007, the US National Cancer Institute (NCI) Office of Cancer Complementary and Alternative Medicine (OCCAM), together with the Cancer Institute of the China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences (CICACMS), institutes at China Academy of Sciences and Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, have engaged in collaborations on Chinese medicine (CM) and cancer research. Through these collaborations, CM drugs and compounds have been studied at NCI labs. This paper summarizes the discoveries and progress on these research projects, exploring the aspects of cancer prevention, botanical drug mechanisms of action and component analysis/quality control (QC), and anticancer activity screening...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140422/multidisciplinary-clinic-approach-improves-overall-survival-outcomes-of-patients-with-metastatic-germ-cell-tumors
#15
C Albany, N Adra, A C Snavely, C Cary, T A Masterson, R S Foster, K Kesler, T M Ulbright, L Cheng, M Chovanec, F Taza, K Ku, M J Brames, N H Hanna, L H Einhorn
Background: To report our experience utilizing a multidisciplinary clinic (MDC) at Indiana University (IU) since the publication of the International Germ Cell Cancer Collaborative Group (IGCCCG), and to compare our overall survival to that of the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program. Patients and Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of all patients with metastatic germ cell tumor (GCT) seen at IU from 1998-2014...
November 10, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139162/epidemiology-of-therapeutic-apheresis-with-a-multidisciplinary-approach-at-a-high-volume-pediatric-center
#16
Rachel M Sirignano, Matthew L Paden, Ross Fasano, Erin K Meyer
INTRODUCTION: Therapeutic apheresis (TA) is used inconsistently in pediatric populations. We seek to define our multidisciplinary institutional practice. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review of patients receiving TA from January 1, 2012 through October 31, 2015. Data collected included demographics, American Society of Apheresis (ASFA) indication, complications, and mortality. RESULTS: Over 46 months, 1198 TA procedures were conducted on 289 patients ranging in age from 5 months to 21 years with weights ranging from 4...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Apheresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139105/preoperative-medical-therapy-before-surgery-for-uterine-fibroids
#17
REVIEW
Anne Lethaby, Lucian Puscasiu, Beverley Vollenhoven
BACKGROUND: Uterine fibroids occur in up to 40% of women aged over 35 years. Some are asymptomatic, but up to 50% cause symptoms that warrant therapy. Symptoms include anaemia caused by heavy menstrual bleeding, pelvic pain, dysmenorrhoea, infertility and low quality of life. Surgery is the first choice of treatment. In recent years, medical therapies have been used before surgery to improve intraoperative and postoperative outcomes. However, such therapies tend to be expensive.Fibroid growth is stimulated by oestrogen...
November 15, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139040/recommendations-for-the-follow-up-care-of-female-breast-cancer-survivors-a-guideline-of-the-spanish-society-of-medical-oncology-seom-spanish-society-of-general-medicine-semergen-spanish-society-for-family-and-community-medicine-semfyc-spanish-society-for-general
#18
A Barnadas, M Algara, O Cordoba, A Casas, M Gonzalez, M Marzo, A Montero, M Muñoz, A Ruiz, F Santolaya, T Fernandez
The increased incidence and decreased mortality of breast cancer have produced an increased number of breast cancer survivors. The type of sequelae and comorbidities that these patients present call for a collaborative follow-up by hospital-based specialized care and primary care. In this document, we present a guideline drafted and agreed among scientific societies whose members care for breast cancer survivors. The purpose of this guideline is to achieve the shared and coordinated follow-up of these patients by specialized care and primary care professionals...
November 14, 2017: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138917/level-of-evidence-and-authorship-trends-of-clinical-studies-in-knee-surgery-sports-traumatology-arthroscopy-1995-2015
#19
Ryan P Judy, Jason J Shin, Christopher McCrum, Olufemi R Ayeni, Kristian Samuelsson, Volker Musahl
PURPOSE: There is increasing emphasis on publication quality and internationalization of author groups in orthopaedic literature. The purpose of this review was to evaluate the type of studies and the level of evidence (LOE) published in knee surgery, sports traumatology, arthroscopy (KSSTA) from 1995 to 2015. The secondary aim was to analyze trends in authorship characteristics in KSSTA. METHODS: Two reviewers reviewed the table of contents of KSSTA and identified original papers from 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010, and 2015...
November 14, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138898/correction-to-the-intensive-care-global-study-on-severe-acute-respiratory-infection-ic-glossari-a-multicenter-multinational-14-day-inception-cohort-study
#20
Yasser Sakr, Ricard Ferrer, Konrad Reinhart, Richard Beale, Andrew Rhodes, Rui Moreno, Jean Francois Timsit, Laurent Brochard, B Taylor Thompson, Ederlon Rezende, Jean Daniel Chiche
In both the original publication (DOI 10.1007/s00134-015-4206-2) and the first erratum (DOI 10.1007/s00134-016-4317-4), the members of the IC-GLOSSARI Investigators and the ESICM Trials Group were provided in such a way that they could not be indexed as collaborators on PubMed. The publisher apologizes for these errors and is pleased to list the members of the groups here.
November 14, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
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