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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749608/prone-position-ventilation-ppv-support-for-acute-exacerbation-of-interstitial-lung-disease-ild
#1
Yuanda Xu, Qingwen Sun, Yuheng Yu, Weibo Liang, Xuesong Liu, Chun Yang, Yonghao Xu, Lingbo Nong, Sibei Chen, Weiqun He, Xiaoqing Liu, Yimin Li, Nanshan Zhong
INTRODUCTION: Prone position ventilation (PPV) has been shown to improve oxygenation and decrease pulmonary vascular resistance and mortality in patients with severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Whether these benefits of PPV occur similarly in acute exacerbations of interstitial lung disease (ILD) is not clear. We retrospectively explored the use of PPV in acute exacerbation with ILD versus those with severe ARDS. METHODS: Retrospective study of the application of PPV in 17 patients with acute exacerbations of ILD and in 19 patients with severe ARDS...
July 27, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749595/morbidity-and-mortality-in-infant-mountain-gorillas-gorilla-beringei-beringei-a-46-year-retrospective-review
#2
James M Hassell, Dawn Zimmerman, Michael R Cranfield, Kirsten Gilardi, Antoine Mudakikwa, Jan Ramer, Elisabeth Nyirakaragire, Linda J Lowenstine
Long-term studies of morbidity and mortality in free-ranging primates are scarce, but may have important implications for the conservation of extant populations. Infants comprise a particularly important age group, as variation in survival rates may have a strong influence on population dynamics. Since 1968, the Mountain Gorilla Veterinary Project (MGVP, Inc.) and government partners have conducted a comprehensive health monitoring and disease investigation program on mountain gorillas (Gorilla beringei beringei) in Rwanda, Uganda, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo...
July 27, 2017: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749292/molecular-detection-of-infectious-pathogens-of-the-upper-respiratory-tract-in-captive-nondomestic-felids
#3
Valéria M Lara, Julia C Benassi, Shayne P Bisetto, Trícia M de Oliveira, Helena L Ferreira, João P Araújo Júnior, Adriano B Carregaro
Upper respiratory tract disease is a complex infectious disease process with multiple pathogens involved. Identification of infectious agents in wild animals is of great importance for wildlife conservation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the molecular detection of feline herpesvirus type 1, feline calicivirus (FCV), Bordetella bronchiseptica , Chlamydophila felis , and Mycoplasma felis using ocular and nasal swabs in three species of captive nondomestic felids. Mycoplasma felis was detected in two ocular samples of Puma concolor and in one nasal sample of one Panthera onca ...
June 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749273/a-retrospective-review-of-western-lowland-gorilla-gorilla-gorilla-gorilla-mortality-in-european-zoologic-collections-between-2004-and-2014
#4
Victoria Strong, Kerstin Baiker, Marnie L Brennan, Sharon Redrobe, Frank Rietkerk, Malcolm Cobb, Kate White
An understanding of the main causes of mortality among captive gorillas is imperative to promoting their optimal care, health, and welfare. A retrospective observational review of mortality among the European zoo-housed western lowland gorilla ( Gorilla gorilla gorilla) population from 2004 to 2014 was carried out. This is the first published study of mortality in this population. Relevant postmortem data were requested from each collection reporting a death during the study period. Age at death enabled grouping into discrete age categories...
June 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749255/pharmacokinetics-of-orally-administered-voriconazole-in-african-penguins-spheniscus-demersus-after-single-and-multiple-doses
#5
Michael W Hyatt, Nathan P Wiederhold, William W Hope, Katharine E Stott
Aspergillosis is a common respiratory fungal disease in African penguins ( Spheniscus demersus ) under managed care, and treatment failures with itraconazole due to drug resistance are increasingly common, leading to recent use of voriconazole. Empirical dosing with voriconazole based on other avian studies has resulted in adverse clinical drug effects in penguins. The objective of this study was to determine oral voriconazole pharmacokinetics (PK) in African penguins (n = 18). Single and once daily multiple oral doses of 5 mg/kg voriconazole were evaluated with a 4-mo washout period between trials...
June 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749114/characteristics-and-outcomes-of-patients-with-hematological-malignancies-admitted-for-intensive-care-a-single-centre-experience
#6
Shafaq Maqsood, Farhana Badar, Abdul Hameed
Background and Purpose: Patients with hematological malignancies admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU) generally have a high mortality rate. The aim of our study was to assess the characteristics and outcomes of such patients and to identify factors predicting ICU mortality. Material and Methods: This retrospective chart review was conducted in the intensive care unit (ICU) of Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital and Research Centre over a period of 5 years, from January 2010 to January 2015. Results: Characteristics :A total of 213 patients were included in this study...
July 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748673/neurological-complications-during-treatment-of-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome
#7
Jee Eun Kim, Jae Hyeok Heo, Hye Ok Kim, Sook Hee Song, Sang Soon Park, Tai Hwan Park, Jin Young Ahn, Min Ky Kim, Jae Phil Choi
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) has a high mortality rate and pandemic potential. However, the neurological manifestations of MERS have rarely been reported since it first emerged in 2012. METHODS: We evaluated four patients with laboratory-confirmed MERS coronavirus (CoV) infections who showed neurological complications during MERS treatment. These 4 patients were from a cohort of 23 patients who were treated at a single designated hospital during the 2015 outbreak in the Republic of Korea...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748310/long-term-outcome-of-adenosine-deaminase-deficient-patients-a-single-center-experience
#8
Ori Scott, Vy Hong-Diep Kim, Brenda Reid, Anne Pham-Huy, Adelle R Atkinson, Alessandro Aiuti, Eyal Grunebaum
PURPOSE: Inherited defects in the adenosine deaminase (ADA) enzyme can cause severe combined immune deficiency (SCID) and systemic abnormalities. Management options for ADA-deficient patients include enzyme replacement therapy (ERT), hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), and gene therapy (GT). Here, we describe the long-term benefits of these treatments. METHODS: Survival, infections, systemic sequelae, and laboratory assessments were recorded for all ADA-deficient SCID patients, managed at a single center since 1985, who survived 5 or more years following treatment...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748188/arterial-stiffness-in-symptomatic-smokers-with-normal-lung-function
#9
Nicola Scichilone, Antonino Tuttolomondo, Carlo Maida, Alida Benfante, Jessica Peluso, Anna Cirrincione, Valerio Vassallo, Antonio Pinto
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is associated with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Arterial stiffness and endothelial dysfunction index are validated surrogate cardiovascular markers and are increased in subjects with COPD. We tested whether increased arterial stiffness and endothelial dysfunction occur in symptomatic smokers with no evidence of bronchial obstruction. Clinical and lung functional assessments were conducted in smoker subjects with chronic respiratory symptoms and in COPD patients...
July 2017: ERJ Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748088/modeling-risk-for-developing-drug-resistant-bacterial-infections-in-an-mdr-naive-critically-ill-population
#10
Rajiv Sonti, Megan E Conroy, Elena M Welt, Yi Hu, George Luta, Daniel B Jamieson
PURPOSE: To create a model predictive of an individual's risk of developing a de novo multidrug-resistant (MDR) infection while in the intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: This is a case-control study in which 189 ICU patients diagnosed with their first infection with an MDR organism were compared on the basis of demographic, past medical and clinical variables to randomly selected ICU patients without such an infection, era-matched in a 2:1 ratio. A prediction tool was derived using multivariate logistic regression...
July 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748036/comorbidity-of-periodontal-disease-two-sides-of-the-same-coin-an-introduction-for-the-clinician
#11
REVIEW
Palle Holmstrup, Christian Damgaard, Ingar Olsen, Björn Klinge, Allan Flyvbjerg, Claus Henrik Nielsen, Peter Riis Hansen
Increasing evidence has suggested an independent association between periodontitis and a range of comorbidities, for example cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoporosis, Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, psoriasis, and respiratory infections. Shared inflammatory pathways are likely to contribute to this association, but distinct causal mechanisms remain to be defined. Some of these comorbid conditions may improve by periodontal treatment, and a bidirectional relationship may exist, where, for example, treatment of diabetes can improve periodontal status...
2017: Journal of Oral Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747964/effect-of-preadmission-metformin-use-on-clinical-outcome-of-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-among-critically-ill-patients-with-diabetes
#12
Yong Suk Jo, Sun Mi Choi, Jinwoo Lee, Young Sik Park, Chang-Hoon Lee, Jae-Joon Yim, Chul-Gyu Yoo, Young Whan Kim, Sung Koo Han, Sang-Min Lee
BACKGROUND: Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is related to high mortality and morbidity. There are no proven therapeutic measures however, to improve the clinical course of ARDS, except using low tidal volume ventilation. Metformin is known to have pleiotropic effects including anti-inflammatory activity. We hypothesized that pre-admission metformin might alter the progress of ARDS among intensive care unit (ICU) patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study from January 1, 2005, to April 30, 2005 of patients who were admitted to the medical ICU at Seoul National University Hospital because of ARDS, and reviewed ARDS patients with DM...
July 2017: Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747955/summary-of-the-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-clinical-practice-guideline-revised-in-2014-by-the-korean-academy-of-tuberculosis-and-respiratory-disease
#13
REVIEW
Hyoung Kyu Yoon, Yong-Bum Park, Chin Kook Rhee, Jin Hwa Lee, Yeon-Mok Oh
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) results in high morbidity and mortality among patients both domestically and globally. The Korean clinical practice guideline for COPD was revised in 2014. It was drafted by the members of the Korean Academy of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases, as well as participating members of the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service, Korean Physicians' Association, and Korea Respiration Trouble Association. This revised guideline covers a wide range of topics, including the epidemiology, diagnosis, assessment, monitoring, management, exacerbation, and comorbidities of COPD in Korea...
July 2017: Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747837/evaluation-of-pulmonary-functions-in-preschool-children-born-late-preterm
#14
İlkay Er, Ayla Günlemez, Zeynep Seda Uyan, Metin Aydoğan, Meral Oruç, Olcay Işık, Ayşe Engin Arısoy, Canan Baydemir, Ayşe Sevim Gökalp
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the pulmonary functions of preschool children born late-preterm. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Children aged between 3-7 years who were born at 34(0/7-)36(6/7) weeks' gestation represented the target sample. Patients with a diagnosis of congenital cardiac, pulmonary and/or muscle diseases were excluded. Respiratory symptoms were evaluated using the modified asthma predictive index and International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood criteria for children aged under and over 6 years, respectively...
June 2017: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747599/interstitial-pneumonia-with-autoimmune-features
#15
Osamu Nishiyama, Yuji Tohda
  Some patients with idiopathic interstitial pneumonias (IIPs) have clinical features that suggest autoimmune process but not fulfill established criteria for connective tissue disease (CTD). Different terms and criteria have been proposed to describe these patients, which includes undifferentiated connective tissue disease (UCTD), lung dominant connective tissue disease (LD-CTD), and autoimmune-featured interstitial lung disease (AIF-ILD). To marshal these ununiform classification criteria, the "European Respiratory Society/American Thoracic Society Task Force on Undifferentiated Forms of Connective Tissue Disease-associated Interstitial Lung Disease" proposed a consensus regarding the nomenclature and classification criteria for patients with IIP and features of autoimmunity with the term "interstitial pneumonia with autoimmune features" (IPAF)...
2017: Nihon Rinshō Men'eki Gakkai Kaishi, Japanese Journal of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747541/obesity-a-serious-etiologic-factor-for-male-subfertility-in-modern-society
#16
Yue Liu, Zhide Ding
Obesity, defined as excessive accumulation of fat in adipose tissue, is a metabolic disorder resulting from behavioral, environmental and heritable causes. Such malfunction increases the risk of developing hypertension, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, respiratory problems, osteoarthritis and cancer. Meanwhile, the negative impact of obesity on male reproduction is gradually being recognized. According to clinical investigations and animal experiments, obesity is correlated with reductions in sperm concentration and motility, increases in sperm DNA damage and changes in reproductive hormonal levels...
July 26, 2017: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747502/permissivity-of-dpp4-orthologs-to-mers-coronavirus-is-governed-by-glycosylation-and-other-complex-determinants
#17
Kayla M Peck, Trevor Scobey, Jesica Swanstrom, Kara L Jensen, Christina L Burch, Ralph S Baric, Mark T Heise
Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) utilizes dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP4) as an entry receptor. While bat, camel, and human DPP4 support MERS-CoV infection, several DPP4 orthologs, including mouse, ferret, hamster, and guinea pig, do not. Previous work revealed that glycosylation of mouse DPP4 plays a role in blocking MERS-CoV infection. Here, we test whether glycosylation also acts as a determinant of permissivity for ferret, hamster, and guinea pig DPP4. We find that while glycosylation plays an important role in these orthologs, additional sequence and structural determinants impact their ability to act as functional receptors for MERS-CoV...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747379/advances-in-the-diagnosis-of-pneumonia-in-children
#18
REVIEW
Heather J Zar, Savvas Andronikou, Mark P Nicol
Pneumonia remains a major cause of childhood mortality and morbidity globally. Accurate diagnosis and attribution of the causes of pneumonia are important for measuring the burden of disease, implementing appropriate preventive or treatment strategies, and developing more effective interventions. This review summarizes recent diagnostic advances in radiological techniques, specimen collection, and laboratory methods. Although chest ultrasound and chest magnetic resonance imaging are promising modalities for radiological diagnosis, their role in clinical management and their impact on outcomes need further study...
July 26, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747217/persistence-of-candida-dubliniensis-and-lung-function-in-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis
#19
Atqah AbdulWahab, Husam Salah, Prem Chandra, Saad J Taj-Aldeen
OBJECTIVES: Candida dubliniensis is an emerging yeast and demonstrated a high adherence property to cystic fibrosis respiratory tract. Therefore, it is important to determine the persistence of C. dubliniensis and to assess the possible relationship to the body mass index (BMI) and forced expiratory volume in 1st second (FEV1). RESULTS: Candida isolates were identified by MALDI-TOF MS to species level from 40/52 (76.9%) cystic fibrosis patients. C. dubliniensis was the most common organism isolated from 50/77 (65%) lower respiratory specimens of 29 patients...
July 26, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746932/morbidity-and-functional-outcomes-following-free-jejunal-flap-reconstruction-for-head-and-neck-cancer
#20
Song Ni, Yiming Zhu, Dong Qu, Jian Wang, Dezhi Li, Bin Zhang, Zhengang Xu, Shaoyan Liu
AIM: To evaluate the morbidity and fundamental functional outcomes (swallow and speech) after free jejunal flap (FJF) reconstruction following total pharyngolaryngo-esophagectomy (PLE) in China. METHODS: 18 patients with FJF reconstruction after total PLE were retrospectively reviewed. Scheduled barium swallow test was performed 7-10 days postoperatively. Rehabilitation of swallowing and speech for patients was assessed by the Performance Status Scale for Head and Neck Cancer Patients...
July 27, 2017: ORL; Journal for Oto-rhino-laryngology and its related Specialties
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