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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441633/a-health-intervention-or-a-kitchen-appliance-household-costs-and-benefits-of-a-cleaner-burning-biomass-fuelled-cookstove-in-malawi
#1
Katie Cundale, Ranjeeta Thomas, Jullita Kenala Malava, Deborah Havens, Kevin Mortimer, Lesong Conteh
Pneumonia is the leading cause of mortality for children under five years in sub-Saharan Africa. Household air pollution has been found to increase risk of pneumonia, especially due to exposure from dirty burning biomass fuels. It has been suggested that advanced stoves, which burn fuel more efficiently and reduce smoke emissions, may help to reduce household air pollution in poor, rural settings. This qualitative study aims to provide an insight into the household costs and perceived benefits from use of the stove in Malawi...
April 13, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441129/medical-school-outreach-and-mentorship-for-rural-secondary-school-students-a-pilot-of-the-southwestern-ontario-medical-mentorship-program
#2
Maija A Robinson, Matt B Douglas-Vail, Jessica N Bryce, Theunis J van Zyl
INTRODUCTION: Rural communities in Canada face challenges with physician recruitment. Physicians from rural backgrounds are more likely to practise in rural areas; however, rural students are underrepresented in medical schools. To address this, the Southwestern Ontario Medical Mentorship Program (SWOMMP) was created to expose rural secondary school students to medical careers. METHODS: This pilot project involved a school-based interactive session run by rural medical students on paths to medicine, medical specialties and skills workshops of roughly 2...
2017: Canadian Journal of Rural Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439378/oman-vision-2050-for-health-research-a-strategic-plan-for-the-future-based-on-the-past-and-present-experience
#3
REVIEW
Adhra Hilal Nasser Al Mawali, Ahmed Mohamed Al Qasmi, Sultana Mohamed Saif Al Sabahi, John Idikula, Mahmoud Attia Abd Elaty, Magdi Morsi, Ali Talib Al Hinai
Health care delivery in Oman has attained great heights since the modern renaissance in 1970. Although the health service had the main impetus all these years, the importance of health research began to take place by mid 1990's and is now gaining momentum as an important responsibility and activity of the Ministry of Health (MoH). Although there has been progressively increasing investment and commitment to research activities in the recent Five Year Plan for Health Development, it still lags behind in the quality and quantity of research output...
March 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438271/how-does-an-inventor-find-an-investor-or-partner-raising-funds-to-start-a-company
#4
Rudy A Mazzocchi
Rudy Mazzocchi has over 25 years of senior executive management, technology and intellectual property development, and financing experience in the medical-technology/biotechnology industries. He serves currently as cofounder/chief executive officer of ELENZA, Inc, an ophthalmology company that has developed an electro-active, autofocusing, implantable lens; executive chairman of Establishment Labs; executive chairman of LAFORGE Optical; and executive chairman of OptiSTENT, Inc. He served previously as managing director of Accuitive Medical Ventures and The Innovation Factory; cofounder/chief executive officer of Image-Guided NEUROLOGICS, acquired by Medtronic in 2005; and founding chief executive officer of MICROVENA Corporation, which became "eV3," acquired by Covidien...
May 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437821/-rapid-cycling-in-bipolar-disorders-symptoms-%C3%A2-background%C3%A2-and-treatment-recommendations
#5
Stephan Köhler, Eva Friedel, Thomas Stamm
Rapid cycling bipolar disorder is encountered frequently in clinical practice with a lifetime prevalence of up to 31 %. Besides its association with greater illness severity, increased suicide and comorbidity rates, rapid cycling bipolar disorder has been closely associated with a longer and more complicated course of disease and inadequate treatment response compared to non-rapid cycling bipolar disorder. However rapid cycling does not serve as a stable characteristic of bipolar disorder, though its prevalence increases with illness duration...
April 2017: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437321/medical-expenditures-associated-with-diabetes-among-youth-with-medicaid-coverage
#6
Sundar S Shrestha, Ping Zhang, Theodore J Thompson, Edward W Gregg, Ann Albright, Giuseppina Imperatore
BACKGROUND: Information on diabetes-related excess medical expenditures for youth is important to understand the magnitude of financial burden and to plan the health care resources needed for managing diabetes. However, diabetes-related excess medical expenditures for youth covered by Medicaid program have not been investigated recently. OBJECTIVE: To estimate excess diabetes-related medical expenditures among youth aged below 20 years enrolled in Medicaid programs in the United States...
April 21, 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435862/financialization-impedes-climate-change-mitigation-evidence-from-the-early-american-solar-industry
#7
Max Jerneck
The article investigates how financialization impedes climate change mitigation by examining its effects on the early history of one low-carbon industry, solar photovoltaics in the United States. The industry grew rapidly in the 1970s, as large financial conglomerates acquired independent firms. While providing needed financial support, conglomerates changed the focus from existing markets in consumer applications toward a future utility market that never materialized. Concentration of the industry also left it vulnerable to the corporate restructuring of the 1980s, when the conglomerates were dismantled and solar divisions were pared back or sold off to foreign firms...
March 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435485/impact-of-health-policy-changes-on-emergency-medicine-in-maryland-stratified-by-socioeconomic-status
#8
Laura Pimentel, David Anderson, Bruce Golden, Edward Wasil, Fermin Barrueto, Jon M Hirshon
INTRODUCTION: On January 1, 2014, the financing and delivery of healthcare in the state of Maryland (MD) profoundly changed. The insurance provisions of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) began implementation and a major revision of MD's Medicare waiver ushered in a Global Budget Revenue (GBR) structure for hospital reimbursement. Our objective was to analyze the impact of these policy changes on emergency department (ED) utilization, hospitalization practices, insurance profiles, and professional revenue...
April 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434417/health-technology-assessment-in-central-eastern-and-south-europe-countries-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#9
Vladimir Guzvic, Tarik Catic, Marina Kostic
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to describe the healthcare system and health financing in Bosnia and Herzegovina and recent trends in health technology assessment (HTA) placement in the system. METHODS: A short review of PubMed published literature has been conducted using key words related to reimbursement, HTA, and health policy. We also revised legislation in Bosnia and Herzegovina published in Official Gazettes related to healthcare financing and organization...
April 24, 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433325/the-role-of-private-non-profit-healthcare-organizations-in-nhs-systems-implications-for-the-portuguese-hospital-devolution-program
#10
REVIEW
Álvaro S Almeida
The national health services (NHS) of England, Portugal, Finland and other single-payer universalist systems financed by general taxation, are based on the theoretical principle of an integrated public sector payer-provider. However, in practice one can find different forms of participation of non-public healthcare providers in those NHS, including private for profit providers, but also third sector non-profit organizations (NPO). This paper reviews the role of non-public non-profit healthcare organizations in NHS systems...
April 1, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433260/future-and-potential-spending-on-health-2015-40-development-assistance-for-health-and-government-prepaid-private-and-out-of-pocket-health-spending-in-184-countries
#11
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: The amount of resources, particularly prepaid resources, available for health can affect access to health care and health outcomes. Although health spending tends to increase with economic development, tremendous variation exists among health financing systems. Estimates of future spending can be beneficial for policy makers and planners, and can identify financing gaps. In this study, we estimate future gross domestic product (GDP), all-sector government spending, and health spending disaggregated by source, and we compare expected future spending to potential future spending...
April 19, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433257/patterns-of-global-health-financing-and-potential-future-spending-on-health
#12
Jose Eduardo Gomez-Gonzalez, Nidia Ruth Reyes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433256/evolution-and-patterns-of-global-health-financing-1995-2014-development-assistance-for-health-and-government-prepaid-private-and-out-of-pocket-health-spending-in-184-countries
#13
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: An adequate amount of prepaid resources for health is important to ensure access to health services and for the pursuit of universal health coverage. Previous studies on global health financing have described the relationship between economic development and health financing. In this study, we further explore global health financing trends and examine how the sources of funds used, types of services purchased, and development assistance for health disbursed change with economic development...
April 19, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432371/impact-of-diabetes-mellitus-on-occupational-health-outcomes-in-canada
#14
Anson Kc Li, Behdin Nowrouzi-Kia
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that diabetes mellitus (DM) has a negative impact on employment and workplace injury, but there is little data within the Canadian context. OBJECTIVE: To determine if DM has an impact on various occupational health outcomes using the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS). METHODS: CCHS data between 2001 and 2014 were used to assess the relationships between DM and various occupational health outcomes. The final sample size for the 14-year study period was 505 606, which represented 159 432 239 employed Canadians aged 15-75 years during this period...
April 2017: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431347/improving-water-quality-in-china-environmental-investment-pays-dividends
#15
Yongqiang Zhou, Jianrong Ma, Yunlin Zhang, Boqiang Qin, Erik Jeppesen, Kun Shi, Justin D Brookes, Robert G M Spencer, Guangwei Zhu, Guang Gao
This study highlights how Chinese economic development detrimentally impacted water quality in recent decades and how this has been improved by enormous investment in environmental remediation funded by the Chinese government. To our knowledge, this study is the first to describe the variability of surface water quality in inland waters in China, the affecting drivers behind the changes, and how the government-financed conservation actions have impacted water quality. Water quality was found to be poorest in the North and the Northeast China Plain where there is greater coverage of developed land (cities + cropland), a higher gross domestic product (GDP), and higher population density...
April 14, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430830/assessment-of-global-kidney-health-care-status
#16
Aminu K Bello, Adeera Levin, Marcello Tonelli, Ikechi G Okpechi, John Feehally, David Harris, Kailash Jindal, Babatunde L Salako, Ahmed Rateb, Mohamed A Osman, Bilal Qarni, Syed Saad, Meaghan Lunney, Natasha Wiebe, Feng Ye, David W Johnson
Importance: Kidney disease is a substantial worldwide clinical and public health problem, but information about available care is limited. Objective: To collect information on the current state of readiness, capacity, and competence for the delivery of kidney care across countries and regions of the world. Design, Setting, and Participants: Questionnaire survey administered from May to September 2016 by the International Society of Nephrology (ISN) to 130 ISN-affiliated countries with sampling of key stakeholders (national nephrology society leadership, policy makers, and patient organization representatives) identified by the country and regional nephrology leadership through the ISN...
April 21, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430786/repayment-policy-for-multiple-loans
#17
Yasmin Agueda Rios-Solis, Mario Alberto Saucedo-Espinosa, Gabriel Arturo Caballero-Robledo
The Repayment Policy for Multiple Loans is about a given set of loans and a monthly incoming cash flow: what is the best way to allocate the monthly income to repay such loans? In this article, we close the almost 20-year-old open question about how to model the repayment policy for multiple loans problem together with its computational complexity. Thus, we propose a mixed integer linear programming model that establishes an optimal repayment schedule by minimizing the total amount of cash required to repay the loans...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425945/a-systematic-review-costing-and-financing-of-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-wash-in-schools
#18
REVIEW
Shannon M McGinnis, Thomas McKeon, Richa Desai, Akudo Ejelonu, Stanley Laskowski, Heather M Murphy
Despite the success of recent efforts to increase access to improved water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) globally, approximately one-third of schools around the world still lack adequate WASH services. A lack of WASH in schools can lead to the spread of preventable disease and increase school absences, especially among women. Inadequate financing and budgeting has been named as a key barrier for integrating successful and sustainable WASH programs into school settings. For this reason, the purpose of this review is to describe the current knowledge around the costs of WASH components as well as financing models that could be applied to WASH in schools...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424062/health-system-factors-influencing-management-of-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-in-four-european-union-countries-learning-from-country-experiences
#19
Gerard de Vries, Svetla Tsolova, Laura F Anderson, Agnes C Gebhard, Einar Heldal, Vahur Hollo, Laura Sánchez-Cambronero Cejudo, Daniela Schmid, Bert Schreuder, Tonka Varleva, Marieke J van der Werf
BACKGROUND: In the European Union and European Economic Area only 38% of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis patients notified in 2011 completed treatment successfully at 24 months' evaluation. Socio-economic factors and patient factors such as demographic characteristics, behaviour and attitudes are associated with treatment outcomes. Characteristics of healthcare systems also affect health outcomes. This study was conducted to identify and better understand the contribution of health system components to successful treatment of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis...
April 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423111/-what-is-purchased-how-and-from-whom-by-seguro-popular-in-mexico-experience-with-strategic-purchasing-at-national-level-and-in-a-pioneer-institution
#20
Miguel Ángel González-Block
Objective: To analyze the scope of demand subsidies through strategic purchasing of health services. Materials and methods: Interviews and document analyses at national level and a case study of the state of Hidalgo. Results: SPSS explicitly prioritizes interventions to be financed and regulates prices and expenditure ceilings. Public providers are predominantly funded through the purchasing of inputs and the contracting of human resources, in the absence of competition and with a low degree of managerial autonomy...
January 2017: Salud Pública de México
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