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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331259/public-and-physician-s-expectations-and-ethical-concerns-about-electronic-health-record-benefits-outweigh-risks-except-for-information-security
#1
Eleni Entzeridou, Evgenia Markopoulou, Vasiliki Mollaki
INTRODUCTION: Electronic Health Record systems (EHRs) offer numerous benefits in health care but also pose certain risks. As we progress toward the implementation of EHRs, a more in-depth understanding of attitudes that influence overall levels of EHR support is required. OBJECTIVES: To record public and physicians' awareness, expectations for, and ethical concerns about the use of EHRs. METHODS: A convenience sample was surveyed for both the public and physicians...
February 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327366/financing-elderly-people-s-long-term-care-needs-evidence-from-china
#2
Fengyue Li, Junko Otani
Confronted by accelerated population aging, China is establishing a long-term care (LTC) system. This study discusses challenges and recommendations for financing China's LTC system. On the basis of the data on elderly people's self-care ability from the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey, we calculate the size of the elderly population that need LTC for the period from 2015 to 2030 and analyse the increasing tendency of LTC expenses by considering the impact of price increase. We also analyse the local governments' financial capacity for LTC support by comparing the expense level to the fiscal revenue...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325401/performance-based-financing-to-strengthen-the-health-system-in-benin-challenging-the-mainstream-approach
#3
Elisabeth Paul, Mohamed Lamine Dramé, Jean-Pierre Kashala, Armand Ekambi Ndema, Marcel Kounnou, Julien Codjovi Aïssan, Karel Gyselinck
BACKGROUND: Performance-based financing (PBF) is often proposed as a way to improve health system performance. In Benin, PBF was launched in 2012 through a World Bank-supported project. The Belgian Development Agency (BTC) followed suit through a health system strengthening (HSS) project. This paper analyses and draws lessons from the experience of BTC-supported PBF alternative approach - especially with regards to institutional aspects, the role of demand-side actors, ownership, and cost-effectiveness - and explores the mechanisms at stake so as to better understand how the "PBF package" functions and produces effects...
April 15, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325025/towards-an-understanding-of-resilience-responding-to-health-systems-shocks
#4
Johanna Hanefeld, Susannah Mayhew, Helena Legido-Quigley, Frederick Martineau, Marina Karanikolos, Karl Blanchet, Marco Liverani, Esther Yei Mokuwa, Gillian McKay, Dina Balabanova
The recent outbreak of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) in West Africa has drawn attention to the role and responsiveness of health systems in the face of shock. It brought into sharp focus the idea that health systems need not only to be stronger but also more 'resilient'. In this article, we argue that responding to shocks is an important aspect of resilience, examining the health system behaviour in the face of four types of contemporary shocks: the financial crisis in Europe from 2008 onwards; climate change disasters; the EVD outbreak in West Africa 2013-16; and the recent refugee and migration crisis in Europe...
January 9, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324861/cost-of-treatment-for-head-and-neck-cancer-in-india
#5
Akashdeep Singh Chauhan, Shankar Prinja, Sushmita Ghoshal, Roshan Verma, Arun S Oinam
There are no published data on the cost of cancer treatment for guiding reimbursement decisions in India. The present study was designed to estimate the cost of treating head and neck cancer (HNC) with the aim of determining package rates. The present study was undertaken in the Departments of Radiotherapy and Otolaryngology of a large tertiary care hospital in North India. Economic health system costs incurred were assessed using a bottom-up methodology. Data on all resources-capital or recurrent, incurred on the delivery of HNC treatment were collected from April 2014 to March 2015...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319740/pregnancy-complications-in-brazilian-puerperal-women-treated-in-the-public-and-private-health-systems
#6
Patrícia Louise Rodrigues Varela, Rosana Rosseto de Oliveira, Emiliana Cristina Melo, Thais Aidar de Freitas Mathias
OBJECTIVE: to analyze the prevalence of pregnancy complications and sociodemographic profile of puerperal patients with complications, according to the form of financing of the childbirth service. METHOD: cross-sectional study with interview of 928 puerperal women whose childbirth was financed by the Unified Health System, health plans and private sources (other sources than the Unified Health System). The sample was calculated based on the births registered in the Information System on Live Births, stratified by hospital and form of financing of the childbirth service...
January 8, 2018: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318815/-brief-introduction-to-progress-of-national-census-of-chinese-medicine-resources-pilot
#7
Lu-Qi Huang, Li-Ying Sun, Xiao-Bo Zhang, Lan-Ping Guo, Hui Wang, Meng Li, Zhi-Xian Jing
Since the beginning of 2011, with the strong support of the Ministry of Finance, the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine has organized the pilot work on the census of traditional Chinese medicine resources (hereinafter referred to as the "pilot work"). At all levels of Chinese medicine management departments under the joint efforts of the pilot work has achieved initial results. For the fourth national comprehensive implementation of traditional Chinese medicine resources, the technical methods have been optimized, the working teams have been professionally trained, and the experiences are accumulated...
November 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318357/coexistence-with-large-carnivores-supported-by-a-predator-compensation-program
#8
Andrea T Morehouse, Jesse Tigner, Mark S Boyce
Compensation programs are used globally to increase tolerance for and help offset economic loss caused by large carnivores. Compensation program funding comes from a variety of sources, and in Wyoming and Idaho, USA and Alberta, Canada this includes revenue from hunting and fishing license sales. We review the patterns of livestock depredation and compensation costs of Alberta's predator-compensation program, and compare Alberta's program to compensation programs in neighboring Canadian and American jurisdictions...
January 9, 2018: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318326/-reimbursement-of-intensive-care-services-in-austria-use-of-the-lkf-system
#9
REVIEW
M Joannidis, S J Klein, P Metnitz, A Valentin
In Austria, the reimbursement of intensive care services is based on a Diagnosis-Related Groups (DRG) system which has been adapted to the Austrian framework conditions. Compared to Germany where economic considerations had led to personnel cuts, mandatory targets outlined in both the LKF ("Leistungsorientierte Krankenanstaltenfinanzierung", Performance-oriented Hospital Financing) and ÖSG ("Österreichischer Strukturplan Gesundheit", Austrian Health Care Structure Plan) plans ensure a high level of medical and intensive care...
January 9, 2018: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316925/extending-coverage-to-informal-sector-populations-in-kenya-design-preferences-and-implications-for-financing-policy
#10
Vincent Okungu, Jane Chuma, Stephen Mulupi, Diane McIntyre
BACKGROUND: Universal health coverage (UHC) is important in terms of improving access to quality health care while protecting households from the risk of catastrophic health spending and impoverishment. However, progress to UHC has been hampered by the measures to increase mandatory prepaid funds especially in low- and middle-income countries where there are large populations in the informal sector. Important considerations in expanding coverage to the informal sector should include an exploration of the type of prepayment system that is acceptable to the informal sector and the features of such a design that would encourage prepayment for health care among this population group...
January 9, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313309/air-pollution-and-allergic-airway-diseases-social-determinantsand-sustainability-in-the-control-and-prevention
#11
REVIEW
H Paramesh
Air pollution, global warming and climate change are the major contributing factors in causing the increase prevalence of allergic airway diseases like asthma and allergic rhinitis and they will be the defining issues for health system in the twenty-first century. Asthma is an early onset non-communicable environmental disease with global epidemic and contributes a greatest psycho socio economic burden. Nearly 8 million global deaths are from air pollution. Over one billion population are the sufferers during 2015 and will increase to 4 billion by 2050...
January 9, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313130/a-national-study-of-the-unmet-needs-of-support-persons-of-haematological-cancer-survivors-in-rural-and-urban-areas-of-australia
#12
Marita C Lynagh, A Williamson, K Bradstock, S Campbell, M Carey, C Paul, F Tzelepis, R Sanson-Fisher
PURPOSE: This study aimed to compare support persons of haematological cancer survivors living in rural and urban areas in regard to the type, prevalence and factors associated with reporting unmet needs. METHODS: One thousand and four (792 urban and 193 rural) support persons of adults diagnosed with haematological cancer were recruited from five Australian state population-based cancer registries. Participants completed the Support Person Unmet Needs Survey (SPUNS) that assessed the level of unmet needs experienced over the past month across six domains...
January 8, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309574/the-role-of-the-technical-review-panel-of-the-global-fund-to-fight-hiv-aids-tuberculosis-and-malaria-an-analysis-of-grant-recommendations
#13
Guido Schmidt-Traub
The independent Technical Review Panel (TRP) of the Global Fund to Fight HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria is a unique mechanism to review funding proposals and to provide recommendations on their funding. Its functioning and performance have received little attention in the scientific literature. We aimed to identify predictors for TRP recommendations, whether these were in line with the Global Fund's ambition to give priority to countries most in need, and whether they correlated with grant performance. We combined data on proposals and applications under the Rolling Continuation Channel, TRP recommendations and grant implementation during the rounds-based mechanism (2002-2010) with country characteristics...
January 4, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307575/challenges-in-diabetology-research-in-india
#14
Swarup Jena, Brijesh Mishra, Anamika Yadav, Pranav Desai
BACKGROUND: Diabetes emerges out to be a major epidemic in recent years that engulfs both developed and developing countries across the globe. India, a country witnessing rapid socioeconomic progress and urbanization carries a considerable share of the global diabetes burden. There has been an incongruity between disease burden and the technical capacity to make use of existing knowledge or to generate new knowledge to combat diabetes in India. AIM: This paper examines the role of different actors, organizations & institutions in shaping diabetology research in India using arrays of scientific indicators such as research output (publications and patents), research finance and role of policy-making bodies...
December 20, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307574/midlife-adults-with-functional-limitations-comparison-of-adults-with-early-and-late-onset-arthritis-related-disability
#15
Sunha Choi
BACKGROUND: Arthritis is the most common cause of disability among U.S. adults. OBJECTIVE: This study examined how the onset of arthritis-attributable disability affects midlife individuals. METHODS: Using the 2014-2015 National Health Interview Survey, this study compared three groups of midlife adults (ages 50-64): individuals without any physical limitations (n = 13,779); individuals with early-onset arthritis that has limited their functioning for more than 20 years (n = 330); and individuals suffering from late-onset arthritis-attributable disability for less than five years (n = 299), in relation to five domains in the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) framework...
December 28, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307076/investigating-the-willingness-to-pay-for-a-contributory-national-health-insurance-scheme-in-saudi-arabia-a-cross-sectional-stated-preference-approach
#16
Mohammed Khaled Al-Hanawi, Kirit Vaidya, Omar Alsharqi, Obinna Onwujekwe
BACKGROUND: The Saudi Healthcare System is universal, financed entirely from government revenue principally derived from oil, and is 'free at the point of delivery' (non-contributory). However, this system is unlikely to be sustainable in the medium to long term. This study investigates the feasibility and acceptability of healthcare financing reform by examining households' willingness to pay (WTP) for a contributory national health insurance scheme. METHODS: Using the contingent valuation method, a pre-tested interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to collect data from 1187 heads of household in Jeddah province over a 5-month period...
January 6, 2018: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306601/the-frequency-of-complementary-and-integrative-medicine-methods-in-headache-patients-and-their-spending-habits
#17
Burcu Polat, Ozlem Saatci, Nesrin Helvaci Yilmaz, Ozge Arici Duz
BACKGROUND: It is known that complementary and integrative medicine (CIM) methods are especially used by patients with chronic headaches. The aim of our study is to increase the knowledge on this topic, to provide objective data about use in Turkish headache patients. METHODS: This study included 425 patients with headache. The survey form prepared was filled in under the supervision of a health professional. The questionnaire included 2 items, about CIM methods and finance...
December 24, 2017: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304085/a-new-test-of-multivariate-nonlinear-causality
#18
Zhidong Bai, Yongchang Hui, Dandan Jiang, Zhihui Lv, Wing-Keung Wong, Shurong Zheng
The multivariate nonlinear Granger causality developed by Bai et al. (2010) (Mathematics and Computers in simulation. 2010; 81: 5-17) plays an important role in detecting the dynamic interrelationships between two groups of variables. Following the idea of Hiemstra-Jones (HJ) test proposed by Hiemstra and Jones (1994) (Journal of Finance. 1994; 49(5): 1639-1664), they attempt to establish a central limit theorem (CLT) of their test statistic by applying the asymptotical property of multivariate U-statistic...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301537/social-health-insurance-contributes-to-universal-coverage-in-south-africa-but-generates-inequities-survey-among-members-of-a-government-employee-insurance-scheme
#19
Jane Goudge, Olufunke A Alaba, Veloshnee Govender, Bronwyn Harris, Nonhlanhla Nxumalo, Matthew F Chersich
BACKGROUND: Many low- and middle-income countries are reforming their health financing mechanisms as part of broader strategies to achieve universal health coverage (UHC). Voluntary social health insurance, despite evidence of resulting inequities, is attractive to policy makers as it generates additional funds for health, and provides access to a greater range of benefits for the formally employed. The South African government introduced a voluntary health insurance scheme (GEMS) for government employees in 2005 with the aim of improving access to care and extending health coverage...
January 4, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301480/made-in-denmark-scientific-mobilities-and-the-place-of-pedagogy-in-global-health
#20
Branwyn Poleykett
Transnational Global Health programmes planned and financed in the North and executed in the Global South usually involve some transfer of capacity between sites or capacity building in place. Capacity investment in the form of skills, knowledge, experience and equipment is often assumed to 'flow' between countries, laboratories and institutions, following the trajectories of mobile subjects in the knowledge economy. Drawing on in-depth interviews with Danish and East African scientists, this paper considers the mobilities that underpin scientific capacity building, drawing attention to the paradoxical in ways in which these programmes produce stasis and fixity, as well as mobility and exchange...
January 5, 2018: Global Public Health
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