keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Anxiety and depression

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749453/mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-therapy-improves-patient-and-caregiver-reported-outcomes-in-cirrhosis
#1
Jasmohan S Bajaj, Michael Ellwood, Timothy Ainger, Thomas Burroughs, Andrew Fagan, Edith A Gavis, Douglas M Heuman, Michael Fuchs, Binu John, James B Wade
OBJECTIVES: Patient-reported outcomes such as health-related quality of life (HRQOL) are impaired in cirrhosis due to under-treated mood and sleep disorders, which can adversely impact their caregivers. Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) can improve patient-reported outcomes (PRO) in non-cirrhotic patients but their impact in cirrhosis is unclear. To evaluate the effect of MBSR and supportive group therapy on mood, sleep and HRQOL in cirrhotic patients and their caregivers. METHODS: Cirrhotic outpatients with mild depression (Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)>14) on screening with an adult caregiver were enrolled...
July 27, 2017: Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748995/-effects-of-a-mindfulness-intervention-in-chilean-high-schoolers
#2
Álvaro I Langer, Carlos Schmidt, José Manuel Aguilar-Parra, Cristian Cid, Antonella Magni
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness has been conceptualized as paying attention to present moment experience in a non-judgmental manner, and the practice of developing that skill. AIM: To determine the impact of a mindfulness-based intervention on negative emotional states of anxiety, stress, and depression in Chilean high schoolers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty-eight teenagers aged 13 ± 0.6 years (46 females) were randomly assigned to a mindfulness group or a control (41 and 47, respectively)...
April 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748744/prevalence-incidence-and-persistence-of-postpartum-depression-anxiety-and-comorbidity-among-chinese-immigrant-and-nonimmigrant-women-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#3
Cindy-Lee Dennis, Hilary K Brown, Susitha Wanigaratne, Kenneth Fung, Simone N Vigod, Sophie Grigoriadis, Flavia Marini, Sarah Brennenstuhl
OBJECTIVE: Our objectives were to examine the prevalence and incidence of postpartum depressive, anxiety, and comorbid symptoms over the first postpartum year; the persistence of these symptoms; and the prevalence stratified by immigration status. METHOD: We conducted a longitudinal cohort study in Ontario, Canada. Participants were 571 Chinese recent immigrant, nonrecent immigrant, and Canadian-born women with live births in 2011 to 2014. Participants were assessed at 4, 12, and 52 weeks postpartum for the presence of possible and high depressive symptomatology (Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale [EPDS] >9 and >12, respectively), anxiety symptomatology (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory [STAI] >40), and comorbid symptomatology (EPDS >9 and STAI >40)...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748633/depression-and-anxiety-in-multiple-system-atrophy
#4
L-Y Zhang, B Cao, Y-T Zou, Q-Q Wei, R-W Ou, B Zhao, Y Wu, H-F Shang
BACKGROUND: It has been noticed that the patients with multiple system atrophy (MSA) can accompany with depression and anxiety. This study aimed to establish the incidence and determinants of depression and anxiety symptoms in Chinese MSA patients. METHODS: A total of 237 MSA patients were enrolled in the study. Neuropsychological assessment was performed using Hamilton Depression Rating Scale-24 items and Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale. RESULTS: We found that 62...
July 26, 2017: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748375/attenuation-of-ethanol-abstinence-induced-anxiety-and-depressive-like-behavior-by-the-phosphodiesterase-4-inhibitor-rolipram-in-rodents
#5
Mei-Fang Gong, Rui-Ting Wen, Ying Xu, Jian-Chun Pan, Ning Fei, Yan-Meng Zhou, Jiang-Ping Xu, Jian-Hui Liang, Han-Ting Zhang
RATIONALE: Withdrawal symptoms stand as a core feature of alcohol dependence. Our previous results have shown that inhibition of phosphodiesterase-4 (PDE4) decreased ethanol seeking and drinking in alcohol-preferring rodents. However, little is known about whether PDE4 is involved in ethanol abstinence-related behavior. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to characterize the role of PDE4 in the development of anxiety- and depressive-like behavior induced by abstinence from ethanol exposure in different animal models...
July 27, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748167/therapeutic-efficacy-of-rose-oil-a-comprehensive-review-of-clinical-evidence
#6
REVIEW
Safieh Mohebitabar, Mahboobeh Shirazi, Sodabeh Bioos, Roja Rahimi, Farhad Malekshahi, Fatemeh Nejatbakhsh
OBJECTIVE: Rose oil is obtained from the petals of difference Rosa species especially Rosa centifolia L. and Rosa damascena Mill. Various pharmacological properties have been attributed to rose oil. The aim of the present study was to review the rose oil therapeutic effects which had been clinically evaluated in trial studies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Google scholar, PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Scopus were searched for human studies which have evaluated the therapeutic effects of rose oil and published in English language until August 2015...
May 2017: Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747932/prescribing-practices-of-quetiapine-for-insomnia-at-a-tertiary-care-inpatient-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-unit-a-continuous-quality-improvement-project
#7
Elaine Stephanie Chow, Azadeh Zangeneh-Kazemi, Olabode Akintan, Elizabeth Chow-Tung, Alan Eppel, Khrista Boylan
OBJECTIVE: To examine the prescribing practices of quetiapine for insomnia at a tertiary care child and adolescent psychiatric inpatient unit. METHOD: A retrospective chart review was conducted on all admissions in 2013 involving night-time only prescription of quetiapine. We examined patient demographics, discharge diagnoses, physician's written indications for prescriptions, and maximum doses used. If used for insomnia only, we noted any documentation of past sedative trials, concurrent prescriptions of other sedative agents, whether quetiapine was started in hospital or continued as a part of a community regimen, and whether quetiapine was continued on discharge...
July 2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747931/is-the-national-guideline-clearinghouse-a-trustworthy-source-of-practice-guidelines-for-child-and-youth-anxiety-and-depression
#8
Stephanie Duda, Christine Fahim, Peter Szatmari, Kathryn Bennett
OBJECTIVE: Innovative strategies that facilitate the use of high quality practice guidelines (PG) are needed. Accordingly, repositories designed to simplify access to PGs have been proposed as a critical component of the network of linked interventions needed to drive increased PG implementation. The National Guideline Clearinghouse (NGC) is a free, international online repository. We investigated whether it is a trustworthy source of child and youth anxiety and depression PGs. METHOD: English language PGs published between January 2009 and February 2016 relevant to anxiety or depression in children and adolescents (≤ 18 years of age) were eligible...
July 2017: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747895/combining-standard-conventional-measures-and-ecological-momentary-assessment-of-depression-anxiety-and-coping-using-smartphone-application-in-minor-stroke-population-a-longitudinal-study-protocol
#9
Camille Vansimaeys, Mathieu Zuber, Benjamin Pitrat, Claire Join-Lambert, Ruben Tamazyan, Wassim Farhat, Catherine Bungener
Context: Stroke has several consequences on survivors' daily life even for those who experience short-lasting neurological symptoms with no functional disability. Depression and anxiety are common psychological disorders occurring after a stroke. They affect long-term outcomes and quality of life but they are difficult to diagnose because of the neurobiological consequences of brain lesions. Current research priority is given to the improvement of the detection and prevention of those post-stroke psychological disorders...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747817/conducting-systematic-outcome-assessment-in-private-addictions-treatment-settings
#10
Gerard J Connors, Stephen A Maisto, Clare E Campbell, Brenda To, David Sack
Systematic outcome assessment is central to ascertaining the impact of treatment services and to informing future treatment initiatives. This project was designed to be conducted within the clinical operations of 4 private addictions treatment centers. A structured interview was used to assess patients' alcohol and other drug use and related variables (on treatment entry and at 1, 3, and 6 months following treatment discharge). The primary outcomes were percentage of days abstinent (PDA) from alcohol and drugs, PDA from alcohol, and PDA from other drugs...
2017: Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747813/stress-among-parents-of-children-with-and-without-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-comparison-involving-physiological-indicators-and-parent-self-reports
#11
Ciara Padden, Jack E James
Parents of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) have been reported as experiencing higher levels of stress and poorer physical health than parents of typically developing children. However, most of the relevant literature has been based on parental self-reports of stress and health. While research on physiological outcomes has grown in recent years, gaps still exist in our understanding of the physiological effects, if any, of stress related to parenting a child with ASD. The present study compared parent-reported stress, anxiety, and depression, as well as selected physiological measures of stress (i...
2017: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747293/improving-employee-well-being-and-effectiveness-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-web-based-psychological-interventions-delivered-in-the-workplace
#12
Stephany Carolan, Peter R Harris, Kate Cavanagh
BACKGROUND: Stress, depression, and anxiety among working populations can result in reduced work performance and increased absenteeism. Although there is evidence that these common mental health problems are preventable and treatable in the workplace, uptake of psychological treatments among the working population is low. One way to address this may be the delivery of occupational digital mental health interventions. While there is convincing evidence for delivering digital psychological interventions within a health and community context, there is no systematic review or meta-analysis of these interventions in an occupational setting...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747268/screening-of-depression-in-cardiology-a-study-on-617-cardiovascular-patients
#13
Valentina Tesio, Sebastiano Marra, Stefania Molinaro, Riccardo Torta, Fiorenzo Gaita, Lorys Castelli
BACKGROUND: Depression screening in the cardiovascular disease (CVD) care setting is under-performed, also because the issue of the optimal screening tools cut-off is still open. We analysed which HADS (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale) total score cut-off value shows the best properties in two groups of 357 Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) and 260 Chronic Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) hospitalized patients. METHODS: A Receiver Operating Characteristics (ROC) curve was plotted for both groups using the Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) as the criterion...
July 20, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747237/mental-health-care-utilisation-among-internally-displaced-persons-in-ukraine-results-from-a-nation-wide-survey
#14
B Roberts, N Makhashvili, J Javakhishvili, A Karachevskyy, N Kharchenko, M Shpiker, E Richardson
Aims There are an estimated 1.5 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Ukraine because of the armed conflict in the east of the country. The aim of this paper is to examine utilisation patterns of mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS) care among IDPs in Ukraine. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey design was used. Data were collected from 2203 adult IDPs throughout Ukraine between March and May 2016. Data on mental health care utilisation were collected, along with outcomes including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression and anxiety...
July 27, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747121/assessment-of-yoga-as-an-adjuvant-treatment-for-combat-related-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#15
Linda McCarthy, Judith Fuller, Georgina Davidson, Alicia Crump, Sandro Positano, Chris Alderman
OBJECTIVES: This study assessed yoga as an adjuvant strategy for symptoms of combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). METHODS: Subjects had significant, combat-related PTSD. Control data were collected during an eight-week waiting period. Trauma-sensitive yoga sessions of 90 minutes duration were provided every seven days for eight weeks. Assessments included the PTSD checklist (PCL); the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS); the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI); the Adult/Adolescent Sensory Profile (AASP); the SF36 Quality of Life instrument; and a brief, structured pre-enrolment assessment of attitudes towards yoga...
August 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747094/a-comparison-of-socioeconomic-status-and-mental-health-among-inner-city-aboriginal-and-non-aboriginal-women
#16
Kevin Hamdullahpur, Kahá Wi J Jacobs, Kathryn J Gill
Aboriginal women in urban areas have been reported to experience high rates of poverty, homelessness, interpersonal violence, and health problems. However, there are few prior ethnocultural comparisons of urban women from similar socioeconomic backgrounds. The current study explored the mental and physical health of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal women accessing social services agencies and shelters. Half of the sample (n=172) was Aboriginal (48.3%). The lifetime rate of physical abuse was significantly higher in Aboriginal women, and they were more likely to have been victims of violence or crime in the past year (A=50...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747087/safety-and-effectiveness-of-once-daily-hysingla-extended-release-tablets-in-patients-with-baseline-depression-or-anxiety
#17
Louise Taber, Ellie He, Steven R Ripa
AIM: Long-term safety and effectiveness of a once daily, single-entity, extended-release formulation of hydrocodone bitartrate (HYD) for the treatment of moderate to severe noncancer and nonneuropathic pain among patients with and without concurrent depression/anxiety at baseline. MATERIALS & METHODS: Post hoc analysis. RESULTS: HYD demonstrated a safety profile consistent with μ-opioid agonists: Serious adverse events in 12% patients with depression/anxiety including four deaths; 6% without depression/anxiety including one death...
July 27, 2017: Pain Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746841/the-antidepressant-effect-of-melatonin-and-fluoxetine-in-diabetic-rats-is-associated-with-a-reduction-of-the-oxidative-stress-in-the-prefrontal-and-hippocampal-cortices
#18
Redouane Rebai, Luc Jasmin, Abdennacer Boudah
In the past few years possible mechanisms that link diabetes and depression have been found. One of these mechanisms is the increase in lipid peroxidation and decrease in antioxidant activity in the hippocampal and prefrontal cortices, which are brain areas involved in mood. The goal of the present study was to evaluate the effect of an antidepressant and of an antioxidant on behavior and oxidative activity in brains of diabetic rats. Rats rendered diabetic after a treatment with streptozotocin (STZ) (60mg/kg) were treated with fluoxetine (15mg/kg), melatonin (10mg/kg), or vehicle for 4 weeks...
July 23, 2017: Brain Research Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746750/the-emotional-impact-of-errors-or-adverse-events-on-healthcare-providers-in-the-nicu-the-protective-role-of-coworker-support
#19
Adrien M Winning, Jenna M Merandi, Dorcas Lewe, Lois M C Stepney, Nancy N Liao, Christine A Fortney, Cynthia A Gerhardt
AIMS: To examine the impact of errors or adverse events on emotional distress and professional quality of life in healthcare providers in the neonatal intensive care unit, as well as the moderating role of coworker support. BACKGROUND: Errors or adverse events can result in negative outcomes for healthcare providers. However, the role of coworker support in improving emotional and professional outcomes has not been examined. DESIGN: A cross-sectional online survey from a quality improvement initiative to train peer supporters in a neonatal intensive care unit...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746403/change-in-children-s-school-behavior-after-mass-administration-of-praziquantel-for-schistosoma-mansoni-infection-in-endemic-areas-of-western-kenya-a-pilot-study-using-the-behavioral-assessment-system-for-children-basc-2
#20
Rosemary Musuva, Ye Shen, Xianjue Wei, Sue Binder, Julianne A Ivy, W Evan Secor, Susan P Montgomery, Charles H King, Pauline N M Mwinzi
BACKGROUND: Schistosomiasis is a parasite-related chronic inflammatory condition that can cause anemia, decreased growth, liver abnormalities, and deficits in cognitive functioning among children. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: This study used the Behavior Assessment System for Children (BASC-2) to collect data on thirty-six 9-12 year old school-attending children's behavioral profiles in an Schistosoma mansoni-endemic area of western Kenya, before and after treatment with praziquantel for S...
2017: PloS One
keyword
keyword
32654
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"