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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212579/suicidal-ideation-among-chinese-cancer-inpatients-of-general-hospitals-prevalence-and-correlates
#1
Bao-Liang Zhong, Si-Heng Li, Shu-Yan Lv, Shun-Li Tian, Zhi-Dong Liu, Xu-Bin Li, Hong-Qing Zhuang, Ran Tao, Wei Zhang, Chuan-Jun Zhuo
Cancer patients are at high risk for suicide, particularly when they are informed about the cancer diagnosis or hospitalized for cancer treatment. Therefore, oncology healthcare settings such as large general hospitals in China, may represent an ideal setting to identify and treat suicidality in cancer patients. However, the clinical epidemiology of suicidality of Chinese cancer patients remains largely unknown. This study examined the prevalence and correlates of suicidal ideation among Chinese cancer inpatients of large general hospitals...
February 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212519/early-calibration-of-the-hpa-axis-by-maternal-psychopathology
#2
Heidemarie Laurent
Given the central role of stress-responsive neurophysiology in mental and physical health, it is important to understand how particular patterns of stress responsivity may become entrained by the early caregiving environment. In this study we investigated links between maternal depression and anxiety symptom profiles and within-infant development of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis responses from 6 to 18 months of life. Associations with infant cognitive and social-emotional development were also tested to gauge the adjustment implications of HPA response trajectories...
February 1, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212506/dimensional-and-discrete-variations-on-the-psychosis-continuum-in-a-dutch-crowd-sourcing-population-sample
#3
J T W Wigman, K J Wardenaar, R B K Wanders, S H Booij, B F Jeronimus, L van der Krieke, M Wichers, P de Jonge
BACKGROUND: Mild psychotic experiences are common in the general population. Although transient and benign in most cases, these experiences are predictive of later mental health problems for a significant minority. The goal of the present study was to perform examinations of the dimensional and discrete variations in individuals' reporting of subclinical positive and negative psychotic experiences in a unique Dutch internet-based sample from the general population. METHODS: Positive and negative subclinical psychotic experiences were measured with the Community Assessment of Psychic Experiences in 2870 individuals...
December 18, 2016: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212015/discovery-and-preclinical-characterization-of-3-4-4-chlorophenyl-7-fluoroquinoline-3-yl-sulfonyl-benzonitrile-a-novel-non-acetylenic-metabotropic-glutamate-receptor-5-mglur5-negative-allosteric-modulator-for-psychiatric-indications
#4
János Galambos, Attila Bielik, Mikhail Krasavin, Zoltán Orgován, György Domány, Katalin Nógrádi, Gábor Wágner, György T Balogh, Zoltán Béni, János Koti, Zoltán Szakács, Amrita Bobok, Sándor Kolok, Mónika L Miko-Bakk, Mónika Vastag, Katalin Sághy, Judit Laszy, Attila Sándor Halász, Ottilia Balázs, Krisztina Gál, István Greiner, Zsolt Szombathelyi, György M Keserű
Negative allosteric modulators (NAM) of metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGluR5) have been implicated as potential pharmacotherapy for a number of psychiatric diseases including anxiety and depression. Most of the mGluR5 NAM clinical candidates can be characterized by the central acetylenic moiety that connects the terminal pharmacophores. Identification of a sulfoquinoline hit via high throughput screening (HTS) followed by optimization provided a 4-phenyl-3-aryl-sulfoquinoline lead compound with the minimal pharmacophore...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211618/a-comparison-between-lynch-syndrome-and-sporadic-colorectal-cancer-survivors-satisfaction-with-their-healthcare-providers
#5
Allison M Burton-Chase, Wendy M Parker, Katrina M Polivka, Ellen R Gritz, Christopher I Amos, Karen H Lu, Patrick M Lynch, Miguel A Rodriguez-Bigas, Y Nancy You, Susan K Peterson
This study evaluated provider satisfaction in a sample of colorectal cancer (CRC) survivors with and without Lynch syndrome (LS). Participants were case-case-matched CRC survivors with (n = 75) or without (n = 75) LS (mean age of 55; range: 27-93). Participants completed a mailed questionnaire assessing demographics, clinical characteristics, healthcare utilization, psychosocial variables, and provider satisfaction. LS CRC survivors reported lower provider satisfaction scores on three subscales of the Primary Care Assessment Survey: communication (78...
February 17, 2017: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211554/psychiatric-illnesses-in-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-psychiatric-comorbidity-and-biological-underpinnings
#6
REVIEW
Jarosław Nowakowski, Adrian Andrzej Chrobak, Dominika Dudek
Inflammatory bowel disease is a group of chronic medical conditions comprising Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis that involves increased frequency of mental disorders. The most common psychiatric disorders in inflammatory bowel disease are depression and anxiety, however, some epidemiologic and biological evidence suggest that other disorders like bipolar disorder occur more often. Biological mechanisms concerning both inflammatory bowel disease and depression or anxiety explain susceptibility to developing mental disorders in inflammatory bowel disease...
December 23, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211552/incidence-of-postpartum-depression-and-couple-relationship-quality
#7
Aleksandra Małus, Justyna Szyluk, Beata Galińska-Skok, Beata Konarzewska
OBJECTIVES: The childbirth constitutes a significant event in a woman's life and in the marital/ couple dyad. The changes which follow childbirth require re-organization of previous coping styles and development of new methods of adaptation, which proves difficult. The current study evaluated to what extent the development of postpartum depression symptoms in new mothers was associated with their level of satisfaction in marital relationship. METHODS: The study included 100 women in their first month after delivery...
December 23, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211549/review-of-health-and-risk-behaviours-mental-health-problems-and-suicidal-behaviours-in-young-europeans-on-the-basis-of-the-results-from-the-eu-funded-saving-and-empowering-young-lives-in-europe-seyle-study
#8
REVIEW
Danuta Wasserman
An estimated 800 000 suicide deaths occur worldwide. The global suicide rate is 11.4 per 100 000 population; 15.0/100 000 for males and 8.0/100 000 for females. Globally, suicide is the second leading cause of death in 15-29 year olds. In a collaborative effort to reduce the high rates of suicide and mental health problems among youth across Europe, the European Union 7th Framework funded the Saving and Empowering Young Lives in Europe (SEYLE) project. SEYLE is a randomized controlled trial (RCT) aimed to promote mental health and healthy lifestyles, while preventing psychopathology and suicidal behaviours among adolescents...
December 23, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211188/health-status-health-behaviours-and-anxiety-symptoms-of-older-male-caregivers-findings-from-the-concord-health-and-ageing-in-men-project
#9
Chen-Chun Shu, Robert G Cumming, Hal L Kendig, Fiona M Blyth, Louise M Waite, David G Le Couteur, David J Handelsman, Vasi Naganathan
OBJECTIVE: To explore differences between older male caregivers and non-caregivers on health status, health behaviours and well-being, including symptoms of anxiety. METHODS: Data were collected through self-completed questionnaires and face-to-face interviews with 1705 community living men aged ≥70 in the Concord Health and Ageing in Men Project. RESULTS: Eleven per cent of older men were caregivers, of whom 81.7% were looking after their wives or partners...
February 16, 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210554/preoperative-psychosocial-characteristics-may-predict-body-image-and-sexuality-two-years-after-risk-reducing-mastectomy-a-prospective-study
#10
Dmytro Unukovych, Hemming Johansson, Yvonne Brandberg
BACKGROUND: Risk-reducing mastectomy (RRM) in patients at high risk has become more available and the rates of both bilateral (BRRM) and contralateral (CRRM) procedures are increasing. For women opting for RRM, psychosocial well-being, body image and sexuality are known to be important patient-reported outcomes. The aim of the present study was to investigate baseline health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and emotional distress (anxiety and depression) as predictors of body image and sexuality two years after RRM in women undergoing CRRM and BRRM...
February 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210228/discriminating-between-anxious-and-non-anxious-subjects-using-the-toronto-hospital-alertness-test
#11
Colin Shapiro, Lucie Truffaut, Sophie Matharan, Valérie Olivier
BACKGROUND: Alertness designates the internal feeling of wakefulness or arousal and is often described to be linked to the level of anxiety. An adequate level of anxiety favoring the alertness needed to deal with a faced specific situation efficiently; too much anxiety can result in failure to process information and respond appropriately. Thus, it would be of interest to verify if different alertness profiles can be observed depending on anxiety level. The Toronto Hospital Alertness Test (THAT) is a test designed to measure alertness...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209152/municipal-resources-and-patient-outcomes-through-the-first-year-after-a-hip-fracture
#12
Sabine Ruths, Valborg Baste, Marit Stordal Bakken, Lars Birger Engesæter, Stein Atle Lie, Siren Haugland
BACKGROUND: Hip fractures represent major critical events for older people, and put huge demands on economic and personnel resources. Most hip fracture patients are in need of postoperative rehabilitation services. Through the Coordination Reform, the municipalities in Norway were given increased responsibility for community-based treatment and rehabilitation after surgery. The purpose of this study was to examine associations between municipal resources and patient outcomes through the first year after a hip fracture, focusing on survival and health-related quality of life...
February 16, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208599/medical%C3%A2-yoga%C3%A2-therapy
#13
REVIEW
Ina Stephens
Medical yoga is defined as the use of yoga practices for the prevention and treatment of  medical conditions. Beyond the physical elements of yoga, which are important and effective for  strengthening  the  body,  medical  yoga  also  incorporates  appropriate  breathing  techniques,  mindfulness, and meditation in order to achieve the maximum benefits. Multiple studies have  shown that yoga can positively impact the body in many ways, including helping to regulate blood  glucose levels, improve musculoskeletal ailments and keeping the cardiovascular system in tune...
February 10, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208082/cognitive-impairment-in-the-first-year-after-breast-cancer-diagnosis-a-prospective-cohort-study
#14
Mariana Ramalho, Filipa Fontes, Luís Ruano, Susana Pereira, Nuno Lunet
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to assess the relation between cancer treatments and incident cognitive impairment in breast cancer patients, taking into account the levels of anxiety before treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study with 418 newly diagnosed breast cancer patients with no cognitive impairment, defined as values at least 1.5 standard deviations below age- and education-adjusted cut-offs in the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), at baseline...
February 13, 2017: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208079/bias-in-beliefs-about-the-self-is-associated-with-depressive-but-not-anxious-mood
#15
M C Obonsawin, J Carlisle, C J Patterson, K Black, K M Davidson, N Masson
BACKGROUND: Biases in beliefs about the self are associated with psychopathology and depressive and anxious mood, but it is not clear if both negative and positive beliefs are associated with depression or anxiety. We examined these relationships in people who present with a wide range of depressive and anxious mood across diagnostic categories. METHODS: We probed positive and negative beliefs about the self with a task in which 74 female participants with either affective disorder (depression and/or anxiety), borderline personality disorder or no psychiatric history indicated the degree to which 60 self-related words was "like them" or "not like them"...
January 21, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207519/influence-of-sleep-disorders-on-somatic-symptoms-mental-health-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-chronic-constipation
#16
Ya Jiang, Yu-Rong Tang, Chen Xie, Ting Yu, Wen-Jie Xiong, Lin Lin
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbance is a common symptom in CC patients, and it is positively related to greater somatic and psychiatric symptoms. METHODS: The participants were 126 adult outpatients with CC. The measures were: constipation-Constipation Scoring System (CSS) and Patient Assessment of Constipation-Symptoms (PAC-SYM); sleep-Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI); anxiety-General Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7); depression-Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9); and QOL-Patient Assessment of Constipation Quality of Life (PAC-QOL) and SF-36...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207426/psychological-characteristics-of-early-stage-melanoma-patients-a-cross-sectional-study-on-204-patients
#17
Valentina Tesio, Simone Ribero, Lorys Castelli, Stefania Bassino, Paolo Leombruni, Virginia Caliendo, Marcella Grassi, Danilo Lauro, Giuseppe Macripò, Riccardo G V Torta
The presence of psychological distress has a negative impact not only on cancer patients' quality of life but also on the course of the disease, with slower recovery and increased morbidity. These issues are of particular importance in melanoma patients (MP), who remain at risk of disease progression for many years after diagnosis. This study aimed to investigate psychological distress, coping strategies, and their possible relationships with demographic-clinical features in patients with early-stage melanoma in follow-up...
February 15, 2017: Melanoma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206840/the-impact-of-a-brief-embedded-mindfulness-based-program-for-veterinary-students
#18
Helen M Correia, Anita D Smith, Susan Murray, Lynlea S Polak, Bronwyn Williams, Martin A Cake
Veterinary medical students, like other university students, are likely to experience elevated levels of stress, anxiety, and depression over the course of their studies. Mindfulness-based interventions have previously been effective for university students in reducing stress, depression, and anxiety. In this study, a mindfulness-based intervention was embedded in a core (compulsory) unit of a veterinary science course, in part with the aim of improving student well-being. Preliminary results suggest that, despite the mindfulness intervention, overall symptoms of stress, depression, and anxiety among participants (n=64) increased between the start and end of the semester...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206836/a-decade-of-counseling-services-in-one-college-of-veterinary-medicine-veterinary-medical-students-psychological-distress-and-help-seeking-trends
#19
Adryanna A S Drake, McArthur Hafen, Bonnie R Rush
Much has been discussed about the high prevalence of psychological distress among veterinary medical students. Studies investigating general samples of veterinary medical students indicate that, on average, depression and anxiety symptoms are present at higher rates than in comparison samples. However, little is known about veterinary medical students who seek counseling. This study intends to expand the literature on veterinary student well-being, as the first to examine a sample of veterinary medical students seeking counseling services...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205604/selectively-bred-rats-provide-a-unique-model-of-vulnerability-to-ptsd-like-behavior-and-respond-differentially-to-fgf2-augmentation-early-in-life
#20
Katherine E Prater, Elyse L Aurbach, Hanna K Larcinese, Taylor N Smith, Cortney A Turner, Peter Blandino, Stanley J Watson, Stephen Maren, Huda Akil
Individuals respond differently to traumatic experiences including their propensity to develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Understanding individual differences in PTSD vulnerability will allow the development of improved prevention and treatment options. Here, we characterized fear conditioning and extinction in rats selectively bred for differences in their locomotor response to a novel environment. Selectively bred high responder (bHR) and low responder (bLR) male rats are known to differ in their emotional reactivity on a range of measures of spontaneous anxiety- and depressive-like behaviors...
February 16, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
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