keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

immunisations

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776475/a-systematic-review-of-the-psychometric-properties-of-the-modified-behavioral-pain-scale-mbps
#1
REVIEW
Dianne J Crellin, Franz E Babl, Nick Santamaria, Denise Harrison
PROBLEM: Clinicians and researchers require a valid way to assess procedural pain experienced by infants and children. The Modified Behavioral Pain Scale (MBPS) has been used to assess immunisation pain. However, it is unknown whether it is valid for this purpose and whether use can be extended to other procedures. The aim of this study was to rigorously assess evidence addressing the psychometric properties of this scale and to provide recommendations for its use. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Psychometric evaluation studies reporting feasibility, reliability, validity, or utility data for the MBPS applied to children (birth to 18years) and randomised controlled trials (RCT) using the MBPS were included...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771634/existence-and-functionality-of-national-immunisation-technical-advisory-groups-in-africa-from-2010-to-2016
#2
Alison Wiyeh, Evanson Sambala, Ntombehnle Ngcobo, Charles S Wiysonge
We describe the existence and functionality of National Immunisation Technical Advisory Groups (NITAGs) in Africa between 2010 and 2016, using data from the WHO-UNICEF Joint Reporting Form. The number of African countries with NITAGs increased from 15 (28%) in 2010 to 26 (48%) in 2016. Countries with a functioning NITAG increased from 5(9%) in 2010 to 16 (30%) in 2016. In 2016, 13 of the 27 (48%) low-income African countries reported having a NITAG; seven (54%) of them functional. Thirteen of the 26 (50%) middle-income countries reported having a NITAG; nine (69%) of them functional...
May 17, 2018: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768226/comparison-of-the-effects-of-three-kinds-of-igys-normal-nanoliposomal-and-nanoparticle-conjugated-which-are-produced-against-the-small-domains-of-dr5-protein-on-cancer-cells
#3
Shaghaegh Amirijavid, Maliheh Entezari
Cancer treatment with several kinds of drugs, especially targets the apoptotic pathways nowadays. TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) as one of the important members of death receptors, significantly trigger induction of apoptosis in cancer cells. Three conserved domains of Death receptor (DR5) protein extracellular domain, which are fortified cysteine, were chosen and chemically synthesised. Hens were immunised with nano-liposomal peptides, and as a result the purified Immunoglobulin (IgYs) remarkably killed the cancerous MCF7 cells...
June 2018: IET Nanobiotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766840/rubella-infection-in-pregnancy-and-congenital-rubella-in-united-kingdom-2003-to-2016
#4
Antoaneta Bukasa, Helen Campbell, Kevin Brown, Helen Bedford, Mary Ramsay, Gayatri Amirthalingam, Pat Tookey
Rubella vaccination has been included in the United Kingdom's (UK) routine childhood schedule for nearly 30 years. The UK achieved World Health Organization (WHO) elimination status in 2016 and acute rubella infections are rare. In the period 2003-16, 31 rubella infections in pregnancy (0.23 per 100,000 pregnancies) were identified through routine surveillance, of which 26 were in women who were born abroad. Five of the 31 rubella infections led to congenital rubella syndrome in the infant and three had confirmed congenital rubella infection without congenital rubella syndrome...
May 2018: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765775/potential-impact-of-introducing-the-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine-into-national-immunisation-programmes-an-economic-epidemiological-analysis-using-data-from-india
#5
Itamar Megiddo, Eili Klein, Ramanan Laxminarayan
Pneumococcal pneumonia causes an estimated 105 000 child deaths in India annually. The planned introduction of the serotype-based pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) is expected to avert child deaths, but the high cost of PCV relative to current vaccines provided under the Universal Immunization Programme has been a concern. Cost-effectiveness studies from high-income countries are not readily comparable because of differences in the distribution of prevalent serotypes, population and health systems. We extended IndiaSim, our agent-based simulation model representative of the Indian population and health system, to model the dynamics of Streptococcus pneumoniae ...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764294/impact-of-muslim-opinion-leaders-training-of-healthcare-providers-on-the-uptake-of-mnch-services-in-northern-nigeria
#6
Judith-Ann Walker, Yahaya Hashim, Nelson Oranye
Expanding access to maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH) services in traditional societies is a public health challenge, often complicated by cultural and religious beliefs about what is permitted or not permitted within a faith group. This is particularly true in the Muslim majority North of Nigeria, where deep suspicions of Western public health programmes, coupled with failing and underfunded health system, have led to the emergence of a new generation of Muslim Opinion Leaders (MOLs) with counter-narratives against family planning, immunisation and nutrition programmes...
May 15, 2018: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755760/impact-of-measles-supplementary-immunisation-activities-on-utilisation-of-maternal-and-child-health-services-in-low-income-and-middle-income-countries
#7
Iryna Postolovska, Stéphane Helleringer, Margaret E Kruk, Stéphane Verguet
Background: Measles supplementary immunisation activities (SIAs) are an integral component of measles elimination in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs). Despite their success in increasing vaccination coverage, there are concerns about their negative consequences on routine services. Few studies have conducted quantitative assessments of SIA impact on utilisation of health services. Methods: We analysed the impact of SIAs on utilisation of selected maternal and child health services using Demographic and Health Surveys and Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys from 28 LMICs, where at least one SIA occurred over 2000-2014...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754466/temporal-trends-in-paediatric-bacterial-meningitis-in-a-tropical-australian-region-1992-2014
#8
Stephanie White, Hala Katf, Rob Baird, Joshua Francis
AIM: The epidemiology of community-acquired bacterial meningitis has changed following the introduction of routine immunisation against common causative organisms. Indigenous children living in the Northern Territory, Australia, have high rates of bacterial infections. This study describes changes in the epidemiology of childhood bacterial meningitis and the distribution of the burden of disease in the Top End. METHODS: A retrospective review of cases derived from hospital medical records and laboratory data was performed...
May 13, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749878/audit-of-a-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-programme-for-men-who-have-sex-with-men-delivered-through-an-integrated-sexual-reproductive-health-service
#9
Carys Knapper, Humphrey Birley, Irene Parker
Following the Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation statement in November 2015 advising a human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination programme targeting men who have sex with men (MSM) up to the age of 45 attending Genitourinary medicine and HIV services, we launched a HPV vaccination programme for MSM to be delivered through our Integrated Sexual Reproductive Health drop-in service across Newport and the South East Wales Valleys from 1 August 2016. Over the first 18 months of the vaccination programme 539 of the 693 (77%) eligible MSM who attended clinics where the vaccine was available commenced vaccination...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743559/antigen-specific-primed-cytotoxic-t-cells-eliminate-tumour-cells-in-vivo-and-prevent-tumour-development-regardless-of-the-presence-of-anti-apoptotic-mutations-conferring-drug-resistance
#10
Paula Jaime-Sánchez, Elena Catalán, Iratxe Uranga-Murillo, Nacho Aguiló, Llipsy Santiago, Pilar M Lanuza, Diego de Miguel, Maykel A Arias, Julián Pardo
Cytotoxic CD8+ T (Tc) cells are the main executors of transformed and cancer cells during cancer immunotherapy. The latest clinical results evidence a high efficacy of novel immunotherapy agents that modulate Tc cell activity against bad prognosis cancers. However, it has not been determined yet whether the efficacy of these treatments can be affected by selection of tumoural cells with mutations in the cell death machinery, known to promote drug resistance and cancer recurrence. Here, using a model of prophylactic tumour vaccination based on the LCMV-gp33 antigen and the mouse EL4 T lymphoma, we analysed the molecular mechanism employed by Tc cells to eliminate cancer cells in vivo and the impact of mutations in the apoptotic machinery on tumour development...
May 9, 2018: Cell Death and Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741455/could-information-about-herd-immunity-help-us-achieve-herd-immunity-evidence-from-a-population-representative-survey-experiment
#11
Sveinung Arnesen, Kristine Bærøe, Cornelius Cappelen, Benedicte Carlsen
AIMS: Immunisation causes dramatic reductions in morbidity and mortality from infectious diseases; however, resistance to vaccination is nonetheless widespread. An understudied issue - explored here - is whether appeals to collective as opposed to individual benefits of vaccination encourage people to vaccinate. Knowledge of this is important not least with respect to the design of public health campaigns, which often lack information about the collective benefits of vaccination. METHODS: Using a between-subjects experimental survey design, we test whether information about the effects of herd immunity influences people's decision to vaccinate...
May 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741289/grommets-ventilation-tubes-for-recurrent-acute-otitis-media-in-children
#12
REVIEW
Roderick P Venekamp, Paul Mick, Anne Gm Schilder, Desmond A Nunez
BACKGROUND: Acute otitis media (AOM) is one of the most common childhood illnesses. While many children experience sporadic AOM episodes, an important group suffer from recurrent AOM (rAOM), defined as three or more episodes in six months, or four or more in one year. In this subset of children AOM poses a true burden through frequent episodes of ear pain, general illness, sleepless nights and time lost from nursery or school. Grommets, also called ventilation or tympanostomy tubes, can be offered for rAOM...
May 9, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740819/prophylactic-vaccination-against-human-papillomaviruses-to-prevent-cervical-cancer-and-its-precursors
#13
REVIEW
Marc Arbyn, Lan Xu, Cindy Simoens, Pierre Pl Martin-Hirsch
BACKGROUND: Persistent infection with high-risk human papillomaviruses (hrHPV) types is causally linked with the development of cervical precancer and cancer. HPV types 16 and 18 cause approximately 70% of cervical cancers worldwide. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the harms and protection of prophylactic human papillomaviruses (HPV) vaccines against cervical precancer and HPV16/18 infection in adolescent girls and women. SEARCH METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) and Embase (June 2017) for reports on effects from trials...
May 9, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739719/influenza-vaccine-effectiveness-in-hospitalised-hong-kong-children-feasibility-of-estimates-from-routine-surveillance-data
#14
Karene Hoi Ting Yeung, Kate Ching Ching Chan, Paul K S Chan, David Shu Yan Lam, Philip Chak On Sham, Yat Sun Yau, Wai Hung Chan, Wa Keung Chiu, Kwok Leung Ng, Daniel Kwok Keung Ng, Iris Mei Ching Chan, E Anthony S Nelson
BACKGROUND: Hong Kong has a high burden of influenza hospitalisation. This study estimated influenza vaccine effectiveness in hospitalised Hong Kong children aged 6 months to below 6 years using data potentially obtainable from routine surveillance sources. METHODS: This 'test-negative' case-control study was conducted over two summer and one winter influenza seasons in five public Hong Kong hospitals during 2015 and 2016. Patients admitted for febrile and/or respiratory-associated illnesses who met inclusion criteria were invited to participate...
May 5, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739616/schistosoma-egg-induced-liver-pathology-resolution-by-sm-p80-based-schistosomiasis-vaccine-in-baboons
#15
Loc Le, Adebayo J Molehin, Stewart Nash, Souad R Sennoune, Gul Ahmad, Workineh Torben, Weidong Zhang, Afzal A Siddiqui
Schistosomiasis remains a serious chronic debilitating hepato-intestinal disease. Current control measures based on mass drug administration are inadequate due to sustained re-infection rates, low treatment coverage and emergence of drug resistance. Hence, there is an urgent need for a schistosomiasis vaccine for disease control. In this study, we assessed the anti-pathology efficacy of Schistosoma mansoni large subunit of calpain (Sm-p80)-based vaccine against schistosomiasis caused by infections with Schistosoma mansoni in baboons...
May 5, 2018: Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736980/face-to-face-interventions-for-informing-or-educating-parents-about-early-childhood-vaccination
#16
REVIEW
Jessica Kaufman, Rebecca Ryan, Louisa Walsh, Dell Horey, Julie Leask, Priscilla Robinson, Sophie Hill
BACKGROUND: Early childhood vaccination is an essential global public health practice that saves two to three million lives each year, but many children do not receive all the recommended vaccines. To achieve and maintain appropriate coverage rates, vaccination programmes rely on people having sufficient awareness and acceptance of vaccines.Face-to-face information or educational interventions are widely used to help parents understand why vaccines are important; explain where, how and when to access services; and address hesitancy and concerns about vaccine safety or efficacy...
May 8, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735323/sub-optimal-protection-against-past-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-where-subtype-mismatch-exists-between-vaccine-and-circulating-viral-genotype-in-northern-australia
#17
Benjamin C Cheah, Jane Davies, Gurmeet R Singh, Nicholas Wood, Kathy Jackson, Margaret Littlejohn, Belinda Davison, Peter McIntyre, Stephen Locarnini, Joshua S Davis, Steven Y C Tong
BACKGROUND: In Australia's Northern Territory, the hepatitis B virus (HBV) subgenotype A2 (subtype adw2) vaccine was introduced in 1988 for Indigenous infants. Subsequently, the circulating viral genotype has been identified as subgenotype C4 (subtype ayw3). We assessed HBV vaccine effectiveness (VE) in light of this subtype mismatch. METHODS: Participants of the Aboriginal Birth Cohort (ABC) study were recruited at birth (1987-1990), with HBV serology obtained at follow-up waves 3 (2005-2007) and 4 (2013-2015)...
May 4, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734964/best-practice-assessment-of-disease-modelling-for-infectious-disease-outbreaks
#18
Z F Dembek, T Chekol, A Wu
During emerging disease outbreaks, public health, emergency management officials and decision-makers increasingly rely on epidemiological models to forecast outbreak progression and determine the best response to health crisis needs. Outbreak response strategies derived from such modelling may include pharmaceutical distribution, immunisation campaigns, social distancing, prophylactic pharmaceuticals, medical care, bed surge, security and other requirements. Infectious disease modelling estimates are unavoidably subject to multiple interpretations, and full understanding of a model's limitations may be lost when provided from the disease modeller to public health practitioner to government policymaker...
May 8, 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731688/therapeutic-effects-of-pegylated-interferon-%C3%AE-2a-in-a-mouse-model-of-multiple-sclerosis
#19
Sanaz Afraei, Reza Sedaghat, Farzaneh Tofighi Zavareh, Zahra Aghazadeh, Parvin Ekhtiari, Gholamreza Azizi, Abbas Mirshafiey
Introduction: Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) is an animal model of multiple sclerosis (MS). EAE is mainly mediated by adaptive and innate immune responses that lead to an inflammatory demyelination and axonal damage. The aim of the present research was to examine the therapeutic efficacy of Peg interferon alpha 2a (Peg-IFN α-2a) as a serine protease inhibitor on EAE model. Material and methods: EAE induction was performed in female C57BL/6 mice by myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (35-55) (MOG35-55 ) in Complete Freund's Adjuvant (CFA) emulsion, and Peg-IFN α-2a was used for the treatment of EAE...
2018: Central-European Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728416/papular-crusted-rash-in-a-child-after-immunisation
#20
Renata Robl Imoto, Marjorie Uber, Vânia Oliveira de Carvalho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 4, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
keyword
keyword
32632
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"