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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087492/multi-antibiotic-resistant-and-putative-virulence-gene-signatures-in-enterococcus-species-isolated-from-pig-farms-environment
#1
Abeni Beshiru, Isoken H Igbinosa, Faith I Omeje, Abraham G Ogofure, Martin M Eyong, Etinosa O Igbinosa
The continuous misuse of antimicrobials in food animals both orally and subcutaneously as therapeutic and prophylactic agents to bacterial infections could be detrimental and contribute to the dissemination of resistant clones in livestock production. The present study was carried out to determine the antibiogram and virulence gene characteristics of Enterococcus species from pig farms. A total of 300 faecal samples were obtained from two pig farms in Benin City between February and July, 2016. Standard culture-based and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay were adopted in the detection and characterization of the Enterococcus species...
January 10, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079593/improving-the-clinic-laboratory-interface-in-the-context-of-hiv-diagnosis-treatment-and-monitoring
#2
Timothy Johan Tucker, Peter Tsakani Manyike
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Laboratory support is central to clinical medicine. The present review focuses on the health systems strengthening needs of the clinic-laboratory-interface (CLI) in developing countries within the context of HIV diagnosis, treatment, and monitoring. RECENT FINDINGS: Although significant improvements have been made in reducing error rates in the analytical phase of pathology services within laboratories, there remain substantial deficits in both the preanalytic and postanalytic phases of the entire value chain that require strengthening...
January 11, 2017: Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078385/glucose-and-fatty-acids-synergistically-and-reversibly-promote-beta-cell-proliferation-in-rats
#3
Valentine S Moullé, Kevin Vivot, Caroline Tremblay, Bader Zarrouki, Julien Ghislain, Vincent Poitout
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The mechanisms underlying pancreatic islet mass expansion have attracted considerable interest as potential therapeutic targets to prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes. While several factors promoting beta cell proliferation have been identified, in the context of nutrient excess the roles of glucose or NEFA in relation to insulin resistance remain unclear. Here we tested the hypothesis that glucose and NEFA synergistically and reversibly promote beta cell proliferation in the context of nutrient-induced insulin resistance...
January 11, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065441/clinimetric-evaluation-of-the-vascular-quality-of-life-questionnaire-in-patients-with-lower-limb-ischaemia
#4
A P Conijn, T B K Santema, S Bipat, M J W Koelemay, R J de Haan
OBJECTIVES: Although commonly used to measure health related quality of life in patients with lower limb ischaemia, the measurement properties of the VascuQol and its assumed underlying health dimensions have not been studied in depth. The objective of this study was therefore to evaluate aspects of reliability and validity of the Dutch version of the VascuQol in patients with intermittent claudication (IC) and critical limb ischaemia (CLI). METHODS: Two datasets containing 195 patients with IC and 150 patients with CLI were used...
January 4, 2017: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051243/long-term-survival-of-patients-with-critical-limb-ischemia-treated-with-iloprost-response-rate-and-predictive-criteria-a-retrospective-analysis-of-102-patients
#5
E Melillo, E Lucaccini, R Berchiolli, D Adami, M Nuti, G Dell'Omo, A Farina, G Panigada, A T Roberts, S Meini
OBJECTIVE: Critical limb ischemia (CLI) patients have poor long-term prognosis. We showed that iloprost improves outcomes (major amputation and survival) up a 5-year follow-up, but it is not known if in this length of time the survival curves, of clinical responders and non-responders, differ. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study enrolling 102 consecutive patients between 2004-2008, with clinical and instrumental (ultrasound, angiography, transcutaneous tensiometry of oxygen TcpO2 and carbon dioxide TcpCO2 in the affected and contralateral limbs) diagnosis of critical ischemia...
December 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045669/long-term-outcomes-of-successful-endovascular-therapy-via-the-retrograde-approach-for-below-the-knee-chronic-total-occlusion-in-patients-with-critical-limb-ischemia-after-a-failed-antegrade-approach
#6
Junya Matsumi, Takuma Takada, Noriaki Moriyama, Tomoki Ochiai, Kazuki Tobita, Koki Shishido, Kazuya Sugitatsu, Shingo Mizuno, Futoshi Yamanaka, Masato Murakami, Yutaka Tanaka, Saeko Takahashi, Takeshi Akasaka, Shigeru Saito
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated long-term results following successful endovascular therapy (EVT) for chronic total occlusion (CTO) below the knee (BTK) using the retrograde approach after a failed antegrade approach. METHODS: Nineteen patients (19 limbs) with critical limb ischemia (CLI) who underwent successful EVT for BTK-CTO using the retrograde approach after a failed antegrade approach during 2010-2014 were studied. RESULTS: Mean duration of the follow-up period was 25...
January 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042626/neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-is-effective-prognostic-indicator-for-post-amputation-patients-with-critical-limb-ischemia
#7
Qi Wang, Han Liu, Siqiao Sun, Zhihua Cheng, Yang Zhang, Xiwei Sun, Zhongying Wang, Shuai Wang
To confirm whether neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) are indicators for the prognosis of post-amputation patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI). Methods: In this retrospective observational study a total 270 post-amputation patients with CLI were included between January 2010 and December 2014 in the First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, China. The neutrophil and lymphocyte counts were recorded before amputations. Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio was calculated and NLR ≥8...
January 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027892/venous-arterialisation-for-salvage-of-critically-ischaemic-limbs-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
M A Schreve, C G Vos, A C Vahl, J P P M de Vries, S Kum, G J de Borst, Ç Ünlü
BACKGROUND: Critical limb ischaemia (CLI) is the end stage of peripheral artery disease (PAD) and is associated with high amputation and mortality rates and poor quality of life. For CLI patients with no revascularisation options, venous arterialisation could be a last resort for limb salvage. OBJECTIVE: To review the literature on the clinical effectiveness of venous arterialisation for lower limb salvage in CLI patients with no revascularisation options. METHOD: Different databases were searched for papers published between January 1966 and January 2016...
December 24, 2016: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026920/method-of-use-study-of-naltrexone-sustained-release-sr-bupropion-sr-on-body-weight-in-individuals-with-obesity
#9
Amy Halseth, Kevin Shan, Brandon Walsh, Kye Gilder, Ken Fujioka
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the effects of 32 mg naltrexone sustained release (SR)/360 mg bupropion SR (NB) on body weight in adults with obesity, with comprehensive lifestyle intervention (CLI), for 78 weeks. METHODS: In this phase 3b, randomized, open-label, controlled study, subjects received NB + CLI or usual care (standard diet/exercise advice) for 26 weeks. NB subjects not achieving 5% weight loss at week 16 were discontinued, as indicated by product labeling...
December 27, 2016: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018516/2014-japan-critical-limb-ischemia-database-jclimb-annual-report
#10
(no author information available yet)
Since 2013, the Japanese Society for Vascular Surgery (JSVS) has started the project of nationwide registration and a tracking database for patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI) who are treated by vascular surgeons. The purpose of this project is to clarify the current status of the medical practice for patients with CLI to contribute to the improvement of the quality of medical care. This database, called JAPAN Critical Limb Ischemia Database (JCLIMB), is created on the National Clinical Database (NCD) and collects data of patients' background, therapeutic measures, early results, and long-term prognosis as long as 5 years after the initial treatment...
2016: Annals of Vascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018515/2013-japan-critical-limb-ischemia-database-jclimb-annual-report
#11
(no author information available yet)
Since 2013, the Japanese Society for Vascular Surgery (JSVS) has started the project of nationwide registration and a tracking database for patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI) who are treated by vascular surgeons. The purpose of this project is to clarify the current status of the medical practice for patients with CLI to contribute to the improvement of the quality of medical care. This database, called JAPAN Critical Limb Ischemia Database (JCLIMB), is created on the National Clinical Database (NCD) and collects data of patients' background, therapeutic measures, early results, and long term prognosis as long as five years after the initial treatment...
2016: Annals of Vascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007205/endovascular-therapy-versus-bypass-surgery-as-first-line-treatment-strategies-for-critical-limb-ischemia-results-of-the-interim-analysis-of-the-critisch-registry
#12
Theodosios Bisdas, Matthias Borowski, Konstantinos Stavroulakis, Giovanni Torsello
OBJECTIVES: The most effective first-line treatment between endovascular therapy and bypass surgery for patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI) is still not well defined. The primary aim of the interim analysis of CRITISCH (Registry of First-Line Treatments in Patients With Critical Limb Ischemia) was to compare both treatment options in a prospective confirmatory manner. BACKGROUND: Only 1 randomized controlled trial between endovascular therapy and bypass surgery has been published yet...
December 26, 2016: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990569/icariin-treated-human-umbilical-cord-mesenchymal-stem-cells-decrease-chronic-liver-injury-in-mice
#13
Huantian Cui, Zhen Liu, Li Wang, Yuhong Bian, Wen Li, Huifang Zhou, Xiaoqian Chu, Qingyun Zhao
Human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUMSCs) have been shown to have multiple differentiation potentials. However, a key problem is that only a small number of hUMSCs can migrate to damaged tissue after transplantation. According to "The Theory of Kidney Essence" in Traditional Chinese Medicine, some traditional Chinese medicines used for tonifying the kidneys can be applied in promoting the differentiation and migration of stem cells in vivo. Our previous study demonstrated that icariin (ICA) could up-regulate the pluripotent genes of hUMSCs in vitro and induce cell migration in mice in an acute kidney injury model in vivo...
December 18, 2016: Cytotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986478/sarcopenia-is-a-risk-factor-for-cardiovascular-events-experienced-by-patients-with-critical-limb-ischemia
#14
Yutaka Matsubara, Takuya Matsumoto, Kentaro Inoue, Daisuke Matsuda, Ryosuke Yoshiga, Keiji Yoshiya, Tadashi Furuyama, Yoshihiko Maehara
BACKGROUND: Prognosis is poor for patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI), and the most frequent cause of death is cardiovascular disease. Low grip strength is a risk factor for cardiovascular events, and sarcopenia may be associated as well. Thus, we hypothesized that sarcopenia is a risk factor for cardiovascular events experienced by patients with CLI. If this is true and appropriate therapy becomes available, the prognosis of patients with CLI will improve with appropriate risk management strategies to prevent cardiovascular events...
December 13, 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27970366/tct-18-validation-of-wound-ischemia-foot-ischemia-wifi-classification-system-in-japanese-patients-after-endovascular-treatment-for-critical-limb-ischemia-cli
#15
Takahiro Tokuda, Keisuke Hirano, Yoshiaki Ito, Masahiro Yamawaki, Motoharu Araki, Norihiro Kobayashi, Hideyuki Takimura, Shinsuke Mori, Yasunari Sakamoto, Masakazu Tsutsumi, Takuro Takama, Kenji Makino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969919/tct-549-role-of-residual-acute-stent-malapposition-in-percutaneous-coronary-interventions-a-cli-opci-project-substudy
#16
Enrico Romagnoli, Laura Gatto, Alessio La Manna, Francesco Burzotta, Nevio Taglieri, Francesco Saia, Francesco Amico, Valeria Marco, Vito Ramazzotti, Alessandro Di Giorgio, Luca Di Vito, Alberto Boi, Marco Contarini, Fausto Castriota, Gary Mintz, Francesco Prati
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965297/clinical-impact-of-suboptimal-stenting-and-residual-intrastent-plaque-thrombus-protrusion-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome-the-cli-opci-acs-substudy-centro-per-la-lotta-contro-l-infarto-optimization-of-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-acute-coronary
#17
Francesco Prati, Enrico Romagnoli, Laura Gatto, Alessio La Manna, Francesco Burzotta, Ugo Limbruno, Francesco Versaci, Franco Fabbiocchi, Alessandro Di Giorgio, Valeria Marco, Vito Ramazzotti, Luca Di Vito, Carlo Trani, Italo Porto, Alberto Boi, Luigi Tavazzi, Gary S Mintz
BACKGROUND: Clinical consequences of optical coherence tomographic (OCT) high-definition visualization of plaque/stent structures in acute patients remain undefined. In this retrospective substudy, we assessed the prognostic impact of postprocedural culprit lesion OCT findings in patients with acute coronary syndrome undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. METHODS AND RESULTS: In the CLI-OPCI (Centro per la Lotta Contro L'Infarto-Optimization of Percutaneous Coronary Intervention) database collecting cases from 5 independent OCT-experienced centers, we retrospectively analyzed postprocedural OCT findings in acute coronary syndrome patients and explored its possible impact (specifically that of residual intrastent plaque/thrombus protrusion) on outcome...
December 2016: Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959471/lumbar-sympathectomy-techniques-for-critical-lower-limb-ischaemia-due-to-non-reconstructable-peripheral-arterial-disease
#18
REVIEW
Veena Kl Karanth, Tulasi Kota Karanth, Laxminarayan Karanth
BACKGROUND: Critical lower limb ischaemia (CLI) is a manifestation of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) that is seen in patients with typical chronic ischaemic rest pain or patients with ischaemic skin lesions - ulcers or gangrene - for longer than 2 weeks. Critical lower limb ischaemia is the most severe form of PAD, and interventions to improve arterial perfusion become necessary. Although surgical bypass has been the gold standard for revascularisation, the extent or the site of disease may be such that the artery cannot be reconstructed or bypassed...
December 13, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27958688/results-of-surgical-interventions-for-critical-limb-ischaemia-due-to-vasculitis-or-collagen-tissue-related-disease
#19
Kota Yamamoto, Katsuyuki Hoshina, Atsushi Akai, Toshihiko Isaji, Daisuke Akagi, Takuya Miyahara, Toshiaki Watanabe
BACKGROUND: In this study, we aimed to clarify both systemic and local prognosis after surgical interventions for critical limb ischaemia (CLI) due to vasculitis or connective tissue related disease, and to search for any risk factors that can worsen the prognosis. METHODS: One hundred and ninety three patients that underwent surgical interventions for CLI between 2005 and 2014 were followed up for a median of 2.7 years. The patients were grouped into a group with vasculitis or connective tissue related disease (V) or with atherosclerosis (control: C)...
December 13, 2016: International Angiology: a Journal of the International Union of Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957266/dynamic-thermo-mechanical-properties-of-various-flowable-resin-composites
#20
Stéphanie Jager, Rémy Balthazard, Marin Vincent, Abdessellam Dahoun, Eric Mortier
BACKGROUND: This study compared the storage modulus (E'), the loss modulus (E'') and the loss tangent (tan δ) of various flowable resin composites. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Grandio Flow (GRF), GrandioSo Heavy Flow (GHF), Filtek Supreme XTE (XTE) and Filtek Bulk Fill (BUL) flowable resins and Clinpro Sealant (CLI) ultra-flowable pit and fissure sealant resin were used. 25 samples were tested using a dynamical mechanical thermal analysis system in bending mode. Measurements were taken within a temperature range of 10 to 55°C...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
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