keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Marijuana use in women

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912908/childhood-sexual-abuse-and-substance-abuse-a-gender-paradox
#1
Lil Tonmyr, Margot Shields
We examine associations between childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and substance abuse, the role of mental health indicators as mediators in these associations and whether or not associations differ by gender. Data are from 14,063 respondents aged 18-76 years from the 2004-2005 Canadian Gender, Alcohol, and Culture: An International Study (GENACIS). Multiple logistic regression models were used to examine associations between CSA and substance abuse variables, controlling for socio-demographic factors. Odds were adjusted by indicators of mental health to assess if these variables mediated associations between CSA and substance abuse...
November 29, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911669/bidirectional-relations-between-different-forms-of-prosocial-behaviors-and-substance-use-among-female-college-student-athletes
#2
Alexandra N Davis, Gustavo Carlo, Sam Hardy, Janine Olthius, Byron L Zamboanga
Bidirectional, longitudinal relations between alcohol and marijuana use and prosocial behaviors in women college student athletes were examined. Participants were 187 female college students (Mage = 19.87 years; 91% White) who completed questionnaires on their use of marijuana and alcohol, and six forms of prosocial behaviors across 6 years (2004-2010). The findings yield overall evidence that earlier marijuana use predicted lower levels of most specific forms of prosocial behaviors for women athletes in later young adulthood...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875801/the-widening-gender-gap-in-marijuana-use-prevalence-in-the-u-s-during-a-period-of-economic-change-2002-2014
#3
Hannah Carliner, Pia M Mauro, Qiana L Brown, Dvora Shmulewitz, Reanne Rahim-Juwel, Aaron L Sarvet, Melanie M Wall, Silvia S Martins, Geoffrey Carliner, Deborah S Hasin
AIM: Concurrently with increasingly permissive attitudes towards marijuana use and its legalization, the prevalence of marijuana use has increased in recent years in the U.S. Substance use is generally more prevalent in men than women, although for alcohol, the gender gap is narrowing. However, information is lacking on whether time trends in marijuana use differ by gender, or whether socioeconomic status in the context of the Great Recession may affect these changes. METHODS: Using repeated cross-sectional data from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (2002-2014), we examined changes over time in prevalence of past-year marijuana use by gender, and whether gender differences varied across income levels...
November 11, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829288/co-occurring-substance-related-and-behavioral-addiction-problems-a-person-centered-lay-epidemiology-approach
#4
Barna Konkolÿ Thege, David C Hodgins, T Cameron Wild
Background and aims The aims of this study were (a) to describe the prevalence of single versus multiple addiction problems in a large representative sample and (b) to identify distinct subgroups of people experiencing substance-related and behavioral addiction problems. Methods A random sample of 6,000 respondents from Alberta, Canada, completed survey items assessing self-attributed problems experienced in the past year with four substances (alcohol, tobacco, marijuana, and cocaine) and six behaviors (gambling, eating, shopping, sex, video gaming, and work)...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818840/do-alcohol-and-marijuana-increase-the-risk-for-female-dating-violence-victimization-a-prospective-daily-diary-investigation
#5
Ryan C Shorey, Todd M Moore, James K McNulty, Gregory L Stuart
OBJECTIVE: Dating violence is a serious and prevalent problem, with females being victimized by partners at high rates with numerous negative health consequences. Previous research has been equivocal on whether substance use on the part of the victim temporally precedes and, thus, increases the odds of victimization. While the sole responsibility for violence is always with the perpetrator, knowing this information could provide useful information for theory as well as interventions designed to keep women safe...
October 2016: Psychology of Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797689/reasons-for-marijuana-use-among-young-adults-and-long-term-associations-with-marijuana-use-and-problems
#6
Megan E Patrick, Bethany C Bray, Patricia A Berglund
OBJECTIVE: This study examines reasons for marijuana use among young adults age 19/20 in the United States and the extent to which patterns of reasons are associated with marijuana use and problems 15 years later. METHOD: The national Monitoring the Future study provided data on marijuana users at age 19/20 who were also surveyed at age 35 (n = 2,288; 50% women; 83% White). Latent class analysis was used to identify distinct patterns of reasons for marijuana use, which were then used as predictors of later marijuana use and problems...
November 2016: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750182/prevalence-and-correlates-of-substance-use-among-youth-living-with-hiv-in-clinical-settings
#7
Kristi E Gamarel, Larry Brown, Christopher W Kahler, M Isabel Fernandez, Douglas Bruce, Sharon Nichols
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to better understand the prevalence and correlates of substance use behaviors among HIV-infected adolescents in HIV care settings. METHODS: A cross-sectional sample of 2216 youth living with HIV (YLWH; ages 12-26) were recruited through the Adolescent Trials Network for HIV Interventions. Participants completed a one-time survey on sociodemographic factors, substance use and health behaviors. We used logistic regression models to understand the correlates of substance use outcomes...
December 1, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736148/perceived-friends-use-as-a-risk-factor-for-marijuana-use-across-young-adulthood
#8
Megan E Patrick, Deborah D Kloska, Sara A Vasilenko, Stephanie T Lanza
Perceived social norms of substance use are commonly identified as a risk factor for use. How the strength of association between perceived friends' use and substance use may change across development has not yet been documented. The current analysis considers how the associations between perceived friends' marijuana use and participants' own use of any marijuana in the past year changes from ages 18 to 30 using longitudinal data from the United States national Monitoring the Future study from 1976 to 2014 (N = 30,794 people)...
October 13, 2016: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669284/the-health-enlightenment-awareness-and-living-heal-intervention-outcome-of-an-hiv-and-hepatitis-b-and-c-risk-reduction-intervention
#9
Tabia Henry-Akintobi, Nastassia Laster, Jennie Trotter, DeBran Jacobs, Tarita Johnson, Tandeca King Gordon, Assia Miller
African American women have among the highest HIV/AIDS and hepatitis B and C incidence rates in the United States, especially among those homeless or incarcerated. The objective of this study was to evaluate the Health Enlightenment, Awareness and Living Intervention, designed to decrease HIV/AIDS, hepatitis and related risky behaviors. The thirteen-session intervention was implemented among homeless and formerly incarcerated low-income African American women, ages 18 to 55, in Atlanta, Georgia from 2006 to 2010...
September 24, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636690/ethical-considerations-for-perinatal-toxicology-screening
#10
Mindy G Kohsman
Neonatal nurses frequently care for babies who have been exposed in utero to potentially harmful substances, both licit and illicit. The risks to the fetus from nicotine, marijuana, alcohol, and opiates are significant. Adverse effects from environmental factors may confound pharmacologic effects of substances. Nurses are called to shift the perception of substance use disorder from that of willful harm to the fetus to that of an opportunity to provide treatment assistance that can positively affect child health and development...
2016: Neonatal Network: NN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27607879/maternal-marijuana-use-and-adverse-neonatal-outcomes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Shayna N Conner, Victoria Bedell, Kim Lipsey, George A Macones, Alison G Cahill, Methodius G Tuuli
OBJECTIVE: To estimate whether marijuana use in pregnancy increases risks for adverse neonatal outcomes and clarify if any increased risk is attributable to marijuana use itself or to confounding factors such as tobacco use. DATA SOURCES: Two authors performed a search of the data through August 2015 utilizing PubMed, Embase, Scopus, Cochrane reviews, ClinicalTrials.gov, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health. METHODS OF STUDY SELECTION: We looked at observational studies that compared rates of prespecified adverse neonatal outcomes in women who used marijuana during pregnancy with women who did not...
October 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595175/physical-and-sexual-violence-predictors-20-years-of-the-women-s-interagency-hiv-study-cohort
#12
Michele R Decker, Lorie Benning, Kathleen M Weber, Susan G Sherman, Adebola Adedimeji, Tracey E Wilson, Jennifer Cohen, Michael W Plankey, Mardge H Cohen, Elizabeth T Golub
INTRODUCTION: Gender-based violence (GBV) threatens women's health and safety. Few prospective studies examine physical and sexual violence predictors. Baseline/index GBV history and polyvictimization (intimate partner violence, non-partner sexual assault, and childhood sexual abuse) were characterized. Predictors of physical and sexual violence were evaluated over follow-up. METHODS: HIV-infected and uninfected participants (n=2,838) in the Women's Interagency HIV Study provided GBV history; 2,669 participants contributed 26,363 person years of follow-up from 1994 to 2014...
November 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27572181/factors-associated-with-early-marijuana-initiation-in-a-criminal-justice-population
#13
Rebekah J Savage, Vinetra L King, C Brendan Clark, Karen L Cropsey
PURPOSE: Initiation of marijuana during adolescence is associated with negative outcomes and is more common among those with criminal justice involvement. We sought to determine demographics, psychosocial factors, mental health factors, and criminal outcomes associated with earlier age at first marijuana use in a criminal justice population. METHODS: Data from structured, in-person interviews of adults in a criminal corrections program were analyzed. Participants (689 men and women ages 19 and older) were recruited for a larger smoking cessation trial (2009-2013) as a volunteer sample by flyers at a community corrections site...
August 10, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27569652/lifetime-history-of-traumatic-events-in-a-young-adult-mexican-american-sample-relation-to-substance-dependence-affective-disorder-acculturation-stress-and-ptsd
#14
Cindy L Ehlers, Corinne Kim, David A Gilder, Gina M Stouffer, Raul Caetano, Rachel Yehuda
Mexican Americans comprise one of the most rapidly growing populations in the United States, and within this population, trauma and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are associated with physical and mental health problems. Therefore, efforts to delineate factors that may uniquely contribute to increased likelihood of trauma, PTSD, and substance use disorders over the lifetime in Mexican Americans are important to address health disparities and to develop treatment and prevention programs. Six hundred fourteen young adults (age 18-30 yrs) of Mexican American heritage, largely second generation, were recruited from the community and assessed with the Semi-Structured Assessment for the Genetics of Alcoholism and an acculturation stress scale...
December 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567698/prenatal-cannabis-exposure-the-first-hit-to-the-endocannabinoid-system
#15
Kimberlei A Richardson, Allison K Hester, Gabrielle L McLemore
As more states and countries legalize medical and/or adult recreational marijuana use, the incidences of Prenatal Cannabis Exposure (PCE) will likely increase. While young people increasingly view marijuana as innocuous, marijuana preparations have been growing in potency in recent years, potentially creating global clinical, public health, and workforce concerns. Unlike fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, there is no phenotypic syndrome associated with PCE. There is also no preponderance of evidence that PCE causes lifelong cognitive, behavioral, or functional abnormalities, and/or susceptibility to subsequent addiction...
August 24, 2016: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525213/sex-effects-of-marijuana-on-brain-structure-and-function
#16
Ariel Ketcherside, Jessica Baine, Francesca Filbey
BACKGROUND: Tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ(9)-THC), the primary ingredient in marijuana, exerts its effects across several neurological and biological systems that interact with the endocrine system. Thus, differential effects of Δ(9)-THC are likely to exist based on sex and hormone levels. METHODS: We reviewed the existing literature to determine sex-based effects of Δ(9)-THC on neural structure and functioning. RESULTS: The literature demonstrates differences in male and female marijuana users on brain structure, reward processing, attention, motor coordination, and sensitivity to withdrawal...
2016: Current Addiction Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27491824/partying-last-weekend-factors-related-to-heavy-episodic-drinking-among-people-who-use-recreational-drugs
#17
Kate Vallance, Eric Roth, Kara Thompson, Clifton Chow, Gina Martin
BACKGROUND: Heavy episodic drinking (HED) has negative consequences for both the individual and society. Research on HED has focused mainly on the general population while research into HED and other drug use among recreational drug using populations is less developed. OBJECTIVES: This study explores factors related to HED on a previous weekend among male and female recreational drug users. METHODS: Cross-sectional interviews were undertaken with those age 19+ who regularly use recreational drugs in a nightlife setting in two cities in Canada (n = 931) between 2008 and 2014...
November 9, 2016: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27454370/family-systems-therapy-for-substance-using-mothers-and-their-8-to-16-year-old-children
#18
Natasha Slesnick, Jing Zhang
Family systems therapy has shown to be a powerful adjunct to substance use treatment for couples and for adolescent substance users (Rowe, 2012). However, studies including children (8-16 years of age) in the treatment of their substance using mothers have been overlooked and are essentially nonexistent. Addressing the quality of the mother-child relationship and communication through family systems therapy may prove to be a potent intervention focus for improving mothers' substance use outcomes and parent-child interaction...
September 2016: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27427794/falls-among-middle-aged-women-in-the-women-s-interagency-hiv-study
#19
Anjali Sharma, Donald R Hoover, Qiuhu Shi, Susan Holman, Michael W Plankey, Amber L Wheeler, Kathleen Weber, Michelle Floris-Moore, Hector H Bolivar, David E Vance, Wendy J Mack, Elizabeth T Golub, Marcia McDonnell Holstad, Michael T Yin
BACKGROUND: To determine the frequency and risk factors for falls among middle-aged HIV+ and HIV- women in the Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS). METHODS: We quantified self-report of any and multiple (≥2) falls in the prior 6 months among 1,412 HIV+ and 650 HIV- women with mean age 48 years. Logistic regression was used to evaluate associations of demographics, behavioural factors, comorbid conditions and medications with odds of any fall (versus none) and multiple falls (versus ≤1 fall)...
July 18, 2016: Antiviral Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27375357/rural-pregnant-and-opioid-dependent-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Naana Afua Jumah
The nature, impact, and treatment of substance use during pregnancy are well described for women living in urban settings. Less is known about pregnant substance-using women living in rural communities. The objective of this review is to describe the existing evidence for the management of substance use in pregnant women living in rural areas. A systematic review of the literature was conducted using PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and the quality of the evidence was assessed using the GRADE system...
2016: Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment
keyword
keyword
32618
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"