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Marijuana use in women

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142909/transgender-women-s-drug-use-in-the-dominican-republic
#1
Henna Budhwani, Kristine R Hearld, Adrienne N Milner, Elaine McGlaughlin, Rebecca Charow, Rosa Mayra Rodriguez-Lauzurique, Santo Rosario, Robert Paulino-Ramirez
Purpose: Studies on drug use in transgender populations, particularly those in resource-limited settings, are scarce. Considering that drug use can be a coping mechanism to deal with stigma and traumatic experiences, we examined associations between stigma, trauma, and drug use in a national sample of transgender women from the Dominican Republic. Methods: Bivariate analyses examined differences between drug users and abstainers (n=287). Multivariate analyses reported odds ratios (OR) with general drug, marijuana, and cocaine use as outcomes (n=243)...
2017: Transgender Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131695/time-since-first-acting-on-same-sex-attraction-and-recreational-drug-use-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm-is-there-an-effect-of-gay-age
#2
Cara E Rice, Sara A Vasilenko, Stephanie T Lanza, John A Davis, Karen S Fields, Melissa Ervin, Abigail Norris Turner
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) have higher rates of substance use compared to men who have sex with women. Among MSM, drug use is linked to higher-risk sexual behavior and acquisition of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections. OBJECTIVES: We hypothesize that time since first acting on one's same sex attraction, or one's "gay age", could be predictive of drug using behavior. METHODS: We examined this question among 176 MSM, aged 18-35, presenting at a public sexual health clinic...
November 13, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131068/maternal-cannabinoid-use-alters-cannabinoid-cb1-and-endothelin-etb-receptor-expression-in-the-brains-of-dams-but-not-their-offspring
#3
Aarti Amlani, Mary G Hornick, Kevin Cooper, Preetha Prazad, Ramona Donovan, Anil Gulati
According to the 2015 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, cannabis (marijuana) is the most commonly used recreational drug in the US. Among pregnant women aged 14-55 years, 3.4% were cannabis users. Presently, little is known about the neurodevelopmental effect of cannabis use during pregnancy and/or nursing on neonates. Endothelin (ET) is essential for normal development of the central nervous system (CNS). Decreases in ETB receptor expression correlate with a decline in nerve growth factor (NGF) and an increase in vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in postnatal brain...
November 4, 2017: Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123972/how-does-early-adulthood-arrest-alter-substance-use-behavior-are-there-differential-effects-by-race-ethnicity-and-gender
#4
Connie Hassett-Walker, Katrina Walsemann, Bethany Bell, Calley Fisk, Mark Shadden, Weidan Zhou
Purpose: Much criminal justice research has ignored racial/ethnic and gender differences in substance use subsequent to criminal justice involvement. This paper investigated how early adulthood arrest (i.e., 18 to 21 years of age) influences individuals' subsequent transitions from non-substance use to substance use, and substance use to non-substance use through age 30. We also consider if these relationships differ by race/ethnicity and gender. Processes proscribed by labeling theory subsequent to getting arrested are considered...
June 2017: Journal of Developmental and Life-course Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117931/electronic-brief-intervention-and-text-messaging-for-marijuana-use-during-pregnancy-initial-acceptability-of-patients-and-providers
#5
Justin Gray, Jessica R Beatty, Dace S Svikis, Karoline S Puder, Ken Resnicow, Janine Konkel, Shetoya Rice, Lucy McGoron, Steven J Ondersma
BACKGROUND: Marijuana is the most widely used illicit substance during pregnancy. Technology-delivered brief interventions and text messaging have shown promise in general and pregnant samples but have not yet been applied to marijuana use in pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to evaluate, among pregnant women and prenatal care providers, the acceptability of an electronic brief intervention and text messaging plan for marijuana use in pregnancy...
November 8, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110804/association-between-marijuana-use-and-sexual-frequency-in-the-united-states-a-population-based-study
#6
Andrew J Sun, Michael L Eisenberg
BACKGROUND: Marijuana use is increasingly prevalent in the United States. Effects of marijuana use on sexual function are unclear, with contradictory reports of enhancement and detriment existing. AIM: To elucidate whether a relation between marijuana use and sexual frequency exists using a nationally representative sample of reproductive-age men and women. METHODS: We analyzed data from cycle 6 (2002), cycle 7 (2006-2010), and continuous survey (2011-2015) administrations of the National Survey of Family Growth, a nationally representative cross-sectional survey...
November 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107787/marijuana-use-during-pregnancy-a-comparison-of-trends-and-correlates-among-married-and-unmarried-pregnant-women
#7
Sehun Oh, Christopher P Salas-Wright, Michael G Vaughn, Diana M DiNitto
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: While recent evidence indicates increases in marijuana use among adult women in the United States (US), important questions remain with respect to marijuana use during pregnancy. This study examines trends and correlates of prenatal marijuana use and the effects of marijuana-specific risk/protective factors on marijuana use trends using a nationally representative sample. METHOD: Data were derived from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (2005-2014), a nationally representative survey that included 3640 married and 3987 unmarried pregnant women in the United States...
November 2, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103076/impact-of-medical-marijuana-laws-on-state-level-marijuana-use-by-age-and-gender-2004-2013
#8
Christine M Mauro, Paul Newswanger, Julian Santaella-Tenorio, Pia M Mauro, Hannah Carliner, Silvia S Martins
In states that have passed medical marijuana laws (MMLs), marijuana use (MU) increased after MML enactment among people ages 26 and older, but not among ages 12-25. We examined whether the age-specific impact of MMLs on MU varied by gender. Data were obtained from the 2004-2013 restricted-use National Survey on Drug Use and Health, aggregated at the state level. The exposure was a time-varying indicator of state-level MML (0 = No Law, 1 = Before Law, 2 = After Law). Outcomes included past-month MU prevalence, daily MU prevalence among past-year users (i...
November 4, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065199/prevalence-and-correlates-of-smoking-among-people-living-with-hiv-in-south-africa
#9
Jessica L Elf, Ebrahim Variava, Sandy Chon, Limakatso Lebina, Katlego Motlhaoleng, Nikhil Gupte, Raymond Niaura, David Abrams, Jonathan E Golub, Neil Martinson
Introduction: Smoking likely exacerbates comorbidities which people living with HIV (PLWH) are predisposed. We assessed prevalence and correlates of smoking among PLWH in South Africa, which has 7 million PLWH but inadequate reporting of smoking. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among randomly selected adults with HIV infection in Klerksdorp, South Africa. Current smoking was assessed by questionnaire, exhaled carbon monoxide (eCO), and urine cotinine...
June 21, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049354/inverse-association-of-marijuana-use-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-among-adults-in-the-united-states
#10
Donghee Kim, Won Kim, Min-Sun Kwak, Goh Eun Chung, Jeong Yoon Yim, Aijaz Ahmed
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The impact of marijuana on nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is largely unknown. We studied the association between marijuana and NAFLD utilizing cross-sectional data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) from 2005-2014 and NHANES III (1988-1994). METHODS: Suspected NAFLD was diagnosed if serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) was > 30 IU/L for men and > 19 IU/L for women in the absence of other liver diseases (NHANES 2005-2014)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048189/sex-related-marijuana-expectancies-as-predictors-of-sexual-risk-behavior-following-smoked-marijuana-challenge
#11
Linda M Skalski, Rachel L Gunn, Amy Caswell, Stephen Maisto, Jane Metrik
Marijuana use has been associated with sexual risk behavior, but the mechanisms that underlie this relationship are not well understood. The present study examined whether marijuana acutely increased sexual risk on a behavioral decision-making task and whether sex-related marijuana outcome expectancies influenced sexual risk decisions after marijuana administration. Participants were heterosexual marijuana users (n = 126) who were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 study conditions using a 2 × 2 factorial design crossing drug administration (received 2...
October 2017: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021120/characteristics-of-pregnant-women-who-reported-alcohol-use-at-admission-to-substance-use-treatment
#12
Yukiko Washio, Caitlin E Martin, Neal D Goldstein, Mishka Terplan
OBJECTIVES: The current study analyzed the sociodemographic, treatment-related, and other substance use characteristics among pregnant women who reported alcohol use and were admitted to substance use treatment for the first time. METHODS: The Treatment Episode Data Set-Admission (TEDS-A) between 1992 and 2012 was used for conducting a cross-sectional study. RESULTS: Among pregnant women admitted to substance use treatment for the first time (N=166,863), 43...
November 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981379/a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-computer-delivered-brief-intervention-for-substance-use-and-risky-sex-during-pregnancy
#13
Golfo Tzilos Wernette, Melissa Plegue, Christopher W Kahler, Ananda Sen, Caron Zlotnick
BACKGROUND: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are an increasingly critical and costly health problem for American childbearing women. Pregnant women who misuse substances are more likely to engage in risky sexual behavior that leads to STIs. Substance use and risky sex during pregnancy are both associated with numerous negative consequences for the woman and the developing fetus. STUDY DESIGN: A two-group, randomized controlled trial. PARTICIPANTS: Recruitment of 50 pregnant women (30% Latina; 24...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948698/detection-of-in-utero-cannabis-exposure-by-umbilical-cord-analysis
#14
Jiyoung Kim, Ana de Castro, Elena Lendoiro, Angelines Cruz-Landeira, Manuel López-Rivadulla, Marta Concheiro
According to 2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 5.3% of pregnant women smoked marijuana in the past month. This prevalence is expected to increase as a growing number of states and countries are now considering legalization. Although umbilical cord is becoming a useful objective tool to detect in utero drug exposure, currently data about analytical methods and its utility to detect cannabis exposure are scarce. The objective of this work was to develop a method for the determination of Δ(9) -tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), 11-hydroxyTHC (THC-OH), 11-nor-9-carboxy-THC (THCCOOH), 8-β-11-dihydroxyTHC (THC-diOH), THC and THCCOOH glucuronides, and cannabidiol (CBD) in umbilical cord by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS-MS) with dual ionization source...
September 25, 2017: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940320/a-randomized-clinical-trial-examining-the-effect-of-video-based-prevention-of-alcohol-and-marijuana-use-among-recent-sexual-assault-victims
#15
Kate Walsh, Amanda K Gilmore, Patricia Frazier, Linda Ledray, Ron Acierno, Kenneth J Ruggiero, Dean G Kilpatrick, Heidi S Resnick
BACKGROUND: This study examined whether a brief video intervention (Prevention of Post-Rape Stress [PPRS]) delivered in the emergency department to recent sexual assault (SA) victims reduced alcohol and marijuana use at 3 points over the course of a 6-month follow-up compared to treatment as usual (TAU) and an active control condition (Pleasant Imagery and Relaxation Instruction [PIRI]). Prior assault history, minority status, and pre-SA substance use also were examined as moderators of intervention efficacy...
September 20, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937912/postpartum-contraceptive-use-and-rapid-repeat-pregnancy-among-women-who-use-substances
#16
Amy M Loree, Aileen Gariepy, Jennifer Prah Ruger, Kimberly A Yonkers
BACKGROUND: Postpartum contraception is especially important for women who use alcohol and other substances, given the risk of possible rapid repeat pregnancy and prenatal substance exposure. However, little is known about postpartum contraceptive use among women with substance use histories. OBJECTIVE: To characterize postpartum contraceptive initiation, 24-month continuation, and rapid repeat pregnancy among women who used substances during pregnancy. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of 161 pregnant women who enrolled in a randomized clinical trial to treat substance use in pregnancy and completed at least one follow-up assessment...
September 22, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937574/committee-opinion-no-722-marijuana-use-during-pregnancy-and-lactation
#17
(no author information available yet)
Cannabis sativa (marijuana) is the illicit drug most commonly used during pregnancy. The self-reported prevalence of marijuana use during pregnancy ranges from 2% to 5% in most studies. A growing number of states are legalizing marijuana for medicinal or recreational purposes, and its use by pregnant women could increase even further as a result. Because of concerns regarding impaired neurodevelopment, as well as maternal and fetal exposure to the adverse effects of smoking, women who are pregnant or contemplating pregnancy should be encouraged to discontinue marijuana use...
October 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937569/committee-opinion-summary-no-722-marijuana-use-during-pregnancy-and-lactation
#18
(no author information available yet)
Cannabis sativa (marijuana) is the illicit drug most commonly used during pregnancy. The self-reported prevalence of marijuana use during pregnancy ranges from 2% to 5% in most studies. A growing number of states are legalizing marijuana for medicinal or recreational purposes, and its use by pregnant women could increase even further as a result. Because of concerns regarding impaired neurodevelopment, as well as maternal and fetal exposure to the adverse effects of smoking, women who are pregnant or contemplating pregnancy should be encouraged to discontinue marijuana use...
October 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933703/longitudinal-study-of-falls-among-hiv-infected-and-uninfected-women-the-role-of-cognition
#19
Anjali Sharma, Donald R Hoover, Qiuhu Shi, Susan Holman, Michael W Plankey, Phyllis C Tien, Kathleen M Weber, Michelle Floris-Moore, Hector H Bolivar, David E Vance, Elizabeth T Golub, Marcia McDonnell Holstad, Michael T Yin
BACKGROUND: Although fracture rates are higher in HIV+ than HIV- women, whether HIV infection increases risk of falls is unclear. We determined the longitudinal occurrence and risk factors for falls in the Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS), and explored associations with cognitive complaints. METHODS: Recent (prior 6 months) self-reported falls were collected in 1816 (1250 HIV+; 566 HIV-) women over 24 months. Generalized estimating equation models using stepwise selection determined odds of any fall (vs...
September 21, 2017: Antiviral Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917206/maternal-and-infant-outcomes-following-third-trimester-exposure-to-marijuana-in-opioid-dependent-pregnant-women-maintained-on-buprenorphine
#20
Alane B O'Connor, Brandon K Kelly, Liam M O'Brien
BACKGROUND: To determine whether maternal and infant outcomes are associated with exposure to marijuana during the third trimester in a population of opioid dependent pregnant women maintained on buprenorphine. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study of 191 maternal-infant dyads exposed to buprenorphine during pregnancy examines a variety of variables including gestational age, birthweight, method of delivery, Apgar scores at one and five minutes, duration of infant hospital stay, peak neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) score, duration of NAS and incidence of pharmacologic treatment of NAS in infants exposed to marijuana during the third trimester as compared to infants not exposed to marijuana during the third trimester...
November 1, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
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