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Marijuana use in women

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319813/the-clinical-implications-of-legalizing-marijuana-are-physician-and-non-physician-providers-prepared
#1
Elizabeth Brooks, Doris C Gundersen, Erin Flynn, Ashley Brooks-Russell, Sheana Bull
INTRODUCTION: Passage of voter-driven marijuana reform laws signals a shift in public attitudes for marijuana use. For providers, legalization may necessitate practice modifications, particularly regarding patient-provider conversations about use and risk. We examined healthcare providers' knowledge of marijuana laws and health implications, professional practice behaviors, and attitudes about training. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We surveyed 114 Colorado-based providers who care for children, adolescents, pregnant and breastfeeding women using a Venue-Day-Time survey methodology throughout Colorado...
March 10, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285434/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-hazardous-alcohol-use-among-persons-living-with-hiv-across-the-us-in-the-current-era-of-antiretroviral-treatment
#2
Heidi M Crane, Mary E McCaul, Geetanjali Chander, Heidi Hutton, Robin M Nance, Joseph A C Delaney, Joseph O Merrill, Bryan Lau, Kenneth H Mayer, Michael J Mugavero, Matthew Mimiaga, James H Willig, Greer A Burkholder, Daniel R Drozd, Rob J Fredericksen, Karen Cropsey, Richard D Moore, Jane M Simoni, W Christopher Mathews, Joseph J Eron, Sonia Napravnik, Katerina Christopoulos, Elvin Geng, Michael S Saag, Mari M Kitahata
Hazardous alcohol use is associated with detrimental health outcomes among persons living with HIV (PLWH). We examined the prevalence and factors associated with hazardous alcohol use in the current era using several hazardous drinking definitions and binge drinking defined as ≥5 drinks for men versus ≥4 for women. We included 8567 PLWH from 7 U.S. sites from 2013 to 2015. Current hazardous alcohol use was reported by 27% and 34% reported binge drinking. In adjusted analyses, current and past cocaine/crack (odd ratio [OR] 4...
March 11, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242592/perceptions-of-menthol-cigarettes-among-twitter-users-content-and-sentiment-analysis
#3
Shyanika W Rose, Catherine L Jo, Steven Binns, Melissa Buenger, Sherry Emery, Kurt M Ribisl
BACKGROUND: Menthol cigarettes are used disproportionately by African American, female, and adolescent smokers. Twitter is also used disproportionately by minority and younger populations, providing a unique window into conversations reflecting social norms, behavioral intentions, and sentiment toward menthol cigarettes. OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to identify the content and frequency of conversations about menthol cigarettes, including themes, populations, user smoking status, other tobacco or substances, tweet characteristics, and sentiment...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146047/similarities-and-differences-matter-considering-the-influence-of-gender-on-hiv-prevention-programs-for-young-adults-in-an-urban-hbcu
#4
Ian Lindong, Lorece Edwards, Sabriya Dennis, Olaoluwa Fajobi
Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) disproportionately burdens African American youth and young adults. In studies conducted in Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCU) settings, African American youth generally perceive themselves as having a low risk of contracting HIV and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) despite having higher rates of unprotected sexual encounters, multiple sex partners, and particularly low rates of HIV testing and awareness of HIV status...
January 29, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038364/electronic-cigarette-use-and-uptake-of-cigarette-smoking-a-longitudinal-examination-of-u-s-college-students
#5
Tory R Spindle, Marzena M Hiler, Megan E Cooke, Thomas Eissenberg, Kenneth S Kendler, Danielle M Dick
INTRODUCTION: Electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use prevalence is increasing among U.S. adolescents and adults but recent longitudinal data for college/university students are scarce. Furthermore, the extent that e-cigarette use is associated with the onset of cigarette smoking and the factors that lead to the uptake of e-cigarettes in college students has not been explored. METHODS: 3757 participants from a Mid-Atlantic university (women: 66%; White: 45%; Black: 21%; Asian: 19%; Hispanic/Latino: 6%) were surveyed in 2014 and again in 2015...
April 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001962/benzodiazepine-dependence-among-young-adult-participants-in-the-club-scene-who-use-drugs
#6
Steven P Kurtz, Mance E Buttram, Hilary L Surratt
Young adults ages 18-29 report the highest rates of benzodiazepine (BZD) misuse in the United States. The majority of club drug users are also in this age group, and BZD misuse is prevalent among participants in club scenes. This article examines BZD dependence and its correlates among young adult participants in the electronic dance music (EDM) culture in Miami, Florida, who use drugs. Structured interviews were with men and women (N = 356) ages 18 to 29 who reported regular attendance at EDM venues and recent use of both club drugs and BZDs...
January 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992619/trends-in-marijuana-use-among-pregnant-and-nonpregnant-reproductive-aged-women-2002-2014
#7
Qiana L Brown, Aaron L Sarvet, Dvora Shmulewitz, Silvia S Martins, Melanie M Wall, Deborah S Hasin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982747/women-s-perception-of-adolescent-marijuana-use-in-a-hispanic-seasonal-farm-worker-community-a-qualitative-study
#8
Mariano Kanamori, Jessica Weissman, Mario De La Rosa, James Melton, Mariana Sanchez, Patria Rojas, Mary Jo Trekpa
We examined the perception of adolescent children's marijuana use and its consequences in the Hispanic seasonal farmworking community of South Florida via three focus groups with Hispanic adult female seasonal workers (n = 29). The women described how adolescents' marijuana use increased over the past five years. Social networks for marijuana use were reported near schools and bus stations. Although participants expressed concern over adolescent marijuana use and involvement in selling marijuana, they reported that their job demands preclude their ability to supervise their children...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976988/support-for-marijuana-legalization-and-predictors-of-intentions-to-use-marijuana-more-often-in-response-to-legalization-among-u-s-young-adults
#9
Amy M Cohn, Amanda L Johnson, Shyanika W Rose, Jessica M Rath, Andrea C Villanti
BACKGROUND: As of 2015, more than half of U.S. states have legalized, medicalized, or decriminalized marijuana. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the prevalence and correlates of support for marijuana legalization in a national sample of young adults and the intention to use marijuana more frequently if it were legalized. METHODS: Data were from Wave 7 (weighted N = 3532) of the Truth Initiative Young Adult Cohort, a national sample of men and women aged 18-34...
January 28, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936816/altered-subjective-reward-valuation-among-female-heavy-marijuana-users
#10
Kathryn R Hefner, Mark J Starr
Maladaptive decision-making is a cardinal feature of drug use, contributing to ongoing use, and reflecting alterations in how drug users assess uncertain reward value. Accumulating evidence indicates the consequences of heavy marijuana use are worse for female versus male animals and humans, but research assessing sex differences in reward-related decision-making among marijuana users remains scarce. We examined sex differences in the subjective valuation of certain and uncertain rewards among heavy marijuana users (52; 26 male and 26 female) and controls (52; 26 male and 26 female)...
February 2017: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924621/change-in-risk-perceptions-and-marijuana-and-cigarette-use-among-african-american-young-adult-females-in-an-hiv-prevention-intervention
#11
Sarah J Javier, Jasmine A Abrams, Melanie P Moore, Faye Z Belgrave
Cigarette smoking and marijuana use have been tied to increased risky sexual behaviors, which may exacerbate risk of HIV transmission and other STIs (sexually transmitted infections). Research suggests that change in general perceptions of risk is associated with change in non-domain-targeted behaviors. The goal of the current study was to determine whether change in general risk perceptions among African American college females enrolled in a culturally-tailored HIV prevention intervention would be associated with decreased cigarette and marijuana use over time...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912908/childhood-sexual-abuse-and-substance-abuse-a-gender-paradox
#12
Lil Tonmyr, Margot Shields
We examine associations between childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and substance abuse, the role of mental health indicators as mediators in these associations and whether or not associations differ by gender. Data are from 14,063 respondents aged 18-76 years from the 2004-2005 Canadian Gender, Alcohol, and Culture: An International Study (GENACIS). Multiple logistic regression models were used to examine associations between CSA and substance abuse variables, controlling for socio-demographic factors. Odds were adjusted by indicators of mental health to assess if these variables mediated associations between CSA and substance abuse...
January 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911669/bidirectional-relations-between-different-forms-of-prosocial-behaviors-and-substance-use-among-female-college-student-athletes
#13
Alexandra N Davis, Gustavo Carlo, Sam Hardy, Janine Olthius, Byron L Zamboanga
Bidirectional, longitudinal relations between alcohol and marijuana use and prosocial behaviors in women college student athletes were examined. Participants were 187 female college students (Mage = 19.87 years; 91% White) who completed questionnaires on their use of marijuana and alcohol, and six forms of prosocial behaviors across 6 years (2004-2010). The findings yield overall evidence that earlier marijuana use predicted lower levels of most specific forms of prosocial behaviors for women athletes in later young adulthood...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875801/the-widening-gender-gap-in-marijuana-use-prevalence-in-the-u-s-during-a-period-of-economic-change-2002-2014
#14
Hannah Carliner, Pia M Mauro, Qiana L Brown, Dvora Shmulewitz, Reanne Rahim-Juwel, Aaron L Sarvet, Melanie M Wall, Silvia S Martins, Geoffrey Carliner, Deborah S Hasin
AIM: Concurrently with increasingly permissive attitudes towards marijuana use and its legalization, the prevalence of marijuana use has increased in recent years in the U.S. Substance use is generally more prevalent in men than women, although for alcohol, the gender gap is narrowing. However, information is lacking on whether time trends in marijuana use differ by gender, or whether socioeconomic status in the context of the Great Recession may affect these changes. METHODS: Using repeated cross-sectional data from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (2002-2014), we examined changes over time in prevalence of past-year marijuana use by gender, and whether gender differences varied across income levels...
January 1, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829288/co-occurring-substance-related-and-behavioral-addiction-problems-a-person-centered-lay-epidemiology-approach
#15
Barna Konkolÿ Thege, David C Hodgins, T Cameron Wild
Background and aims The aims of this study were (a) to describe the prevalence of single versus multiple addiction problems in a large representative sample and (b) to identify distinct subgroups of people experiencing substance-related and behavioral addiction problems. Methods A random sample of 6,000 respondents from Alberta, Canada, completed survey items assessing self-attributed problems experienced in the past year with four substances (alcohol, tobacco, marijuana, and cocaine) and six behaviors (gambling, eating, shopping, sex, video gaming, and work)...
December 2016: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818840/do-alcohol-and-marijuana-increase-the-risk-for-female-dating-violence-victimization-a-prospective-daily-diary-investigation
#16
Ryan C Shorey, Todd M Moore, James K McNulty, Gregory L Stuart
OBJECTIVE: Dating violence is a serious and prevalent problem, with females being victimized by partners at high rates with numerous negative health consequences. Previous research has been equivocal on whether substance use on the part of the victim temporally precedes and, thus, increases the odds of victimization. While the sole responsibility for violence is always with the perpetrator, knowing this information could provide useful information for theory as well as interventions designed to keep women safe...
October 2016: Psychology of Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797689/reasons-for-marijuana-use-among-young-adults-and-long-term-associations-with-marijuana-use-and-problems
#17
Megan E Patrick, Bethany C Bray, Patricia A Berglund
OBJECTIVE: This study examines reasons for marijuana use among young adults age 19/20 in the United States and the extent to which patterns of reasons are associated with marijuana use and problems 15 years later. METHOD: The national Monitoring the Future study provided data on marijuana users at age 19/20 who were also surveyed at age 35 (n = 2,288; 50% women; 83% White). Latent class analysis was used to identify distinct patterns of reasons for marijuana use, which were then used as predictors of later marijuana use and problems...
November 2016: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750182/prevalence-and-correlates-of-substance-use-among-youth-living-with-hiv-in-clinical-settings
#18
Kristi E Gamarel, Larry Brown, Christopher W Kahler, M Isabel Fernandez, Douglas Bruce, Sharon Nichols
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to better understand the prevalence and correlates of substance use behaviors among HIV-infected adolescents in HIV care settings. METHODS: A cross-sectional sample of 2216 youth living with HIV (YLWH; ages 12-26) were recruited through the Adolescent Trials Network for HIV Interventions. Participants completed a one-time survey on sociodemographic factors, substance use and health behaviors. We used logistic regression models to understand the correlates of substance use outcomes...
December 1, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736148/perceived-friends-use-as-a-risk-factor-for-marijuana-use-across-young-adulthood
#19
Megan E Patrick, Deborah D Kloska, Sara A Vasilenko, Stephanie T Lanza
Perceived social norms of substance use are commonly identified as a risk factor for use. How the strength of association between perceived friends' use and substance use may change across development has not yet been documented. The current analysis considers how the associations between perceived friends' marijuana use and participants' own use of any marijuana in the past year changes from ages 18 to 30 using longitudinal data from the United States national Monitoring the Future study from 1976 to 2014 (N = 30,794 people)...
December 2016: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669284/the-health-enlightenment-awareness-and-living-heal-intervention-outcome-of-an-hiv-and-hepatitis-b-and-c-risk-reduction-intervention
#20
Tabia Henry-Akintobi, Nastassia Laster, Jennie Trotter, DeBran Jacobs, Tarita Johnson, Tandeca King Gordon, Assia Miller
African American women have among the highest HIV/AIDS and hepatitis B and C incidence rates in the United States, especially among those homeless or incarcerated. The objective of this study was to evaluate the Health Enlightenment, Awareness and Living Intervention, designed to decrease HIV/AIDS, hepatitis and related risky behaviors. The thirteen-session intervention was implemented among homeless and formerly incarcerated low-income African American women, ages 18 to 55, in Atlanta, Georgia from 2006 to 2010...
September 24, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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