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Marijuana use in women

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310077/characteristics-of-drug-use-among-pregnant-women-in-the-united-states-opioid-and-non-opioid-illegal-drug-use
#1
Verena E Metz, Qiana L Brown, Silvia S Martins, Joseph J Palamar
BACKGROUND: The opioid epidemic in the US is affecting pregnant women and their offspring, with rising numbers of maternal and neonatal treatment episodes. The aim of this study was to characterize pregnant drug users in order to inform intervention strategies based on sociodemographic, mental health, and substance use characteristics. METHODS: Data on pregnant women aged 18-44 reporting past-year, nonmedical opioid use or use of non-opioid illegal drugs (other than marijuana) were analyzed from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (2005-2014)...
December 27, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282704/diet-medication-use-and-drug-intake-during-pregnancy-data-from-the-consecutive-swiss-health-surveys-of-2007-and-2012
#2
Cornelia Bornhauser, Katharina Quack Lötscher, Burkhardt Seifert, Ana Paula Simões-Wüst
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to gain knowledge on the health status of pregnant women in Switzerland, especially their attitude to and decisions about diet, use of medication and consumption of drugs, including alcohol and tobacco. METHODS: Data collected by the consecutive Swiss Health Surveys of 2007 and 2012 on sociodemographic and lifestyle characteristics (including nutrition), type and intake of medication, use of alcohol, tobacco and illicit drugs of the female population were analysed...
December 28, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282091/gender-differences-in-patterns-of-drug-use-and-sexual-risky-behaviour-among-crack-cocaine-users-in-central-brazil
#3
Rafael Alves Guimarães, Vivianne de Oliveira Landgraf de Castro, Sandra Maria do Valle Leone de Oliveira, Andréa Cristina Stabile, Ana Rita Coimbra Motta-Castro, Megmar Aparecida Dos Santos Carneiro, Lyriane Apolinário Araujo, Karlla Antonieta Amorim Caetano, Marcos André de Matos, Sheila Araujo Teles
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare sociodemographic characteristics, patterns of drug use, and risky sexual behaviour among female and male users of crack cocaine. METHODS: Between 2012 and 2013, we conducted a cross-sectional study of 919 crack cocaine users (783 men and 136 women) in Central Brazil using face-to-face interviews. Blood samples were collected to test for syphilis. The Chi-Square Automatic Interaction Detector (CHAID) was used to explore the differences between genders...
December 28, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273628/marijuana-use-and-fecundability-in-a-north-american-preconception-cohort-study
#4
Lauren A Wise, Amelia K Wesselink, Elizabeth E Hatch, Kenneth J Rothman, Ellen M Mikkelsen, Henrik Toft Sørensen, Shruthi Mahalingaiah
BACKGROUND: The influence of marijuana use on human fertility has not been well studied. We evaluated the association between female and male use of marijuana and fecundability in Pregnancy Study Online, a prospective cohort of North American couples. METHODS: Female participants completed a baseline questionnaire on which they reported lifestyle and behavioural factors, including frequency of marijuana use within the previous 2 months. Male partners completed an optional baseline questionnaire on similar factors, including marijuana use...
December 22, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227236/use-of-marijuana-and-other-substances-among-pregnant-and-parenting-women-with-substance-use-disorders-changes-in-washington-state-after-marijuana-legalization
#5
Therese M Grant, J Christopher Graham, Beatriz H Carlini, Cara C Ernst, Natalie Novick Brown
OBJECTIVE: In 2012, possession of marijuana for nonmedical use was legalized in Washington State. This study examined how legalization affected alcohol and drug use in a sample of pregnant and parenting women with substance use disorders. METHOD: Study participants from nine counties in Washington State (N = 1,359) were questioned about their substance use after completing a 3-year case management intervention program. The sample was divided into two cohorts based on whether participants had completed the program before or after legalization...
January 2018: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185842/characterizing-a-hidden-group-of-at-risk-drinkers-epidemiological-profiles-of-alcohol-use-disorder-diagnostic-orphans
#6
Paul A Gilbert, Miesha Marzell
BACKGROUND: Drinkers who report some symptoms of alcohol-use disorder (AUD) but fail to meet full criteria are "diagnostic orphans." To improve risk-reduction efforts, we sought to develop better epidemiologic profiles of this underrecognized subgroup. METHODS: This study estimated the population prevalence and described AUD symptoms of diagnostic orphans using the 2012-2013 National Epidemiological Survey of Alcohol and Related Conditions-III. Multivariate logistic regression was used to model odds of being a diagnostic orphan or meeting mild, moderate, and severe AUD criteria versus no AUD symptoms...
November 29, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180549/family-physicians-perceived-prevalence-safety-and-screening-for-cigarettes-marijuana-and-electronic-nicotine-delivery-systems-ends-use-during-pregnancy
#7
Thomas F Northrup, Michelle R Klawans, Yolanda R Villarreal, Adi Abramovici, Melissa A Suter, Joan M Mastrobattista, Carlos A Moreno, Kjersti M Aagaard, Angela L Stotts
OBJECTIVE: Assess perceptions of prevalence, safety, and screening practices for cigarettes and secondhand smoke exposure (SHSe), marijuana (and synthetic marijuana), electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS; eg, e-cigarettes), nicotine-replacement therapy (NRT), and smoking-cessation medications during pregnancy, among primary care physicians (PCPs) providing obstetric care. METHODS: A web-based, cross-sectional survey was e-mailed to 3750 US physicians (belonging to organizations within the Council of Academic Family Medicine Educational Research Alliance)...
November 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168268/lifetime-marijuana-use-and-subclinical-atherosclerosis-the-coronary-artery-risk-development-in-young-adults-cardia-study
#8
Reto Auer, Stephen Sidney, David Goff, Eric Vittinghoff, Mark J Pletcher, Norrina B Allen, Jared P Reis, Cora E Lewis, Jeffrey Carr, Jamal S Rana
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Unlike tobacco, the effect of marijuana smoke on subclinical atherosclerosis, a surrogate measure for cardiovascular disease, is not known. This study aimed to determine the association between lifetime exposure to marijuana and measures of subclinical atherosclerosis in mid-life. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We used data from the US-based Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study, a cohort of black and white men and women aged 18-30 years at baseline in 1985-86, with up to 7 follow-up exams over 25 years...
November 22, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142909/transgender-women-s-drug-use-in-the-dominican-republic
#9
Henna Budhwani, Kristine R Hearld, Adrienne N Milner, Elaine McGlaughlin, Rebecca Charow, Rosa Mayra Rodriguez-Lauzurique, Santo Rosario, Robert Paulino-Ramirez
Purpose: Studies on drug use in transgender populations, particularly those in resource-limited settings, are scarce. Considering that drug use can be a coping mechanism to deal with stigma and traumatic experiences, we examined associations between stigma, trauma, and drug use in a national sample of transgender women from the Dominican Republic. Methods: Bivariate analyses examined differences between drug users and abstainers (n=287). Multivariate analyses reported odds ratios (OR) with general drug, marijuana, and cocaine use as outcomes (n=243)...
2017: Transgender Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131695/time-since-first-acting-on-same-sex-attraction-and-recreational-drug-use-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm-is-there-an-effect-of-gay-age
#10
Cara E Rice, Sara A Vasilenko, Stephanie T Lanza, John A Davis, Karen S Fields, Melissa Ervin, Abigail Norris Turner
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) have higher rates of substance use compared to men who have sex with women. Among MSM, drug use is linked to higher-risk sexual behavior and acquisition of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections. OBJECTIVES: We hypothesize that time since first acting on one's same sex attraction, or one's "gay age", could be predictive of drug using behavior. METHODS: We examined this question among 176 MSM, aged 18-35, presenting at a public sexual health clinic...
November 13, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131068/maternal-cannabinoid-use-alters-cannabinoid-cb1-and-endothelin-etb-receptor-expression-in-the-brains-of-dams-but-not-their-offspring
#11
Aarti Amlani, Mary G Hornick, Kevin Cooper, Preetha Prazad, Ramona Donovan, Anil Gulati
According to the 2015 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, cannabis (marijuana) is the most commonly used recreational drug in the US. Among pregnant women aged 14-55 years, 3.4% were cannabis users. Presently, little is known about the neurodevelopmental effect of cannabis use during pregnancy and/or nursing on neonates. Endothelin (ET) is essential for normal development of the central nervous system (CNS). Decreases in ETB receptor expression correlate with a decline in nerve growth factor (NGF) and an increase in vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in postnatal brain...
November 4, 2017: Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123972/how-does-early-adulthood-arrest-alter-substance-use-behavior-are-there-differential-effects-by-race-ethnicity-and-gender
#12
Connie Hassett-Walker, Katrina Walsemann, Bethany Bell, Calley Fisk, Mark Shadden, Weidan Zhou
Purpose: Much criminal justice research has ignored racial/ethnic and gender differences in substance use subsequent to criminal justice involvement. This paper investigated how early adulthood arrest (i.e., 18 to 21 years of age) influences individuals' subsequent transitions from non-substance use to substance use, and substance use to non-substance use through age 30. We also consider if these relationships differ by race/ethnicity and gender. Processes proscribed by labeling theory subsequent to getting arrested are considered...
June 2017: Journal of Developmental and Life-course Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117931/electronic-brief-intervention-and-text-messaging-for-marijuana-use-during-pregnancy-initial-acceptability-of-patients-and-providers
#13
Justin Gray, Jessica R Beatty, Dace S Svikis, Karoline S Puder, Ken Resnicow, Janine Konkel, Shetoya Rice, Lucy McGoron, Steven J Ondersma
BACKGROUND: Marijuana is the most widely used illicit substance during pregnancy. Technology-delivered brief interventions and text messaging have shown promise in general and pregnant samples but have not yet been applied to marijuana use in pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to evaluate, among pregnant women and prenatal care providers, the acceptability of an electronic brief intervention and text messaging plan for marijuana use in pregnancy...
November 8, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110804/association-between-marijuana-use-and-sexual-frequency-in-the-united-states-a-population-based-study
#14
Andrew J Sun, Michael L Eisenberg
BACKGROUND: Marijuana use is increasingly prevalent in the United States. Effects of marijuana use on sexual function are unclear, with contradictory reports of enhancement and detriment existing. AIM: To elucidate whether a relation between marijuana use and sexual frequency exists using a nationally representative sample of reproductive-age men and women. METHODS: We analyzed data from cycle 6 (2002), cycle 7 (2006-2010), and continuous survey (2011-2015) administrations of the National Survey of Family Growth, a nationally representative cross-sectional survey...
November 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107787/marijuana-use-during-pregnancy-a-comparison-of-trends-and-correlates-among-married-and-unmarried-pregnant-women
#15
Sehun Oh, Christopher P Salas-Wright, Michael G Vaughn, Diana M DiNitto
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: While recent evidence indicates increases in marijuana use among adult women in the United States (US), important questions remain with respect to marijuana use during pregnancy. This study examines trends and correlates of prenatal marijuana use and the effects of marijuana-specific risk/protective factors on marijuana use trends using a nationally representative sample. METHOD: Data were derived from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (2005-2014), a nationally representative survey that included 3640 married and 3987 unmarried pregnant women in the United States...
November 2, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103076/impact-of-medical-marijuana-laws-on-state-level-marijuana-use-by-age-and-gender-2004-2013
#16
Christine M Mauro, Paul Newswanger, Julian Santaella-Tenorio, Pia M Mauro, Hannah Carliner, Silvia S Martins
In states that have passed medical marijuana laws (MMLs), marijuana use (MU) increased after MML enactment among people ages 26 and older, but not among ages 12-25. We examined whether the age-specific impact of MMLs on MU varied by gender. Data were obtained from the 2004-2013 restricted-use National Survey on Drug Use and Health, aggregated at the state level. The exposure was a time-varying indicator of state-level MML (0 = No Law, 1 = Before Law, 2 = After Law). Outcomes included past-month MU prevalence, daily MU prevalence among past-year users (i...
November 4, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065199/prevalence-and-correlates-of-smoking-among-people-living-with-hiv-in-south-africa
#17
Jessica L Elf, Ebrahim Variava, Sandy Chon, Limakatso Lebina, Katlego Motlhaoleng, Nikhil Gupte, Raymond Niaura, David Abrams, Jonathan E Golub, Neil Martinson
Introduction: Smoking likely exacerbates comorbidities which people living with HIV (PLWH) are predisposed. We assessed prevalence and correlates of smoking among PLWH in South Africa, which has 7 million PLWH but inadequate reporting of smoking. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among randomly selected adults with HIV infection in Klerksdorp, South Africa. Current smoking was assessed by questionnaire, exhaled carbon monoxide (eCO), and urine cotinine...
June 21, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049354/inverse-association-of-marijuana-use-with-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-among-adults-in-the-united-states
#18
Donghee Kim, Won Kim, Min-Sun Kwak, Goh Eun Chung, Jeong Yoon Yim, Aijaz Ahmed
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The impact of marijuana on nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is largely unknown. We studied the association between marijuana and NAFLD utilizing cross-sectional data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) from 2005-2014 and NHANES III (1988-1994). METHODS: Suspected NAFLD was diagnosed if serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) was > 30 IU/L for men and > 19 IU/L for women in the absence of other liver diseases (NHANES 2005-2014)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048189/sex-related-marijuana-expectancies-as-predictors-of-sexual-risk-behavior-following-smoked-marijuana-challenge
#19
Linda M Skalski, Rachel L Gunn, Amy Caswell, Stephen Maisto, Jane Metrik
Marijuana use has been associated with sexual risk behavior, but the mechanisms that underlie this relationship are not well understood. The present study examined whether marijuana acutely increased sexual risk on a behavioral decision-making task and whether sex-related marijuana outcome expectancies influenced sexual risk decisions after marijuana administration. Participants were heterosexual marijuana users (n = 126) who were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 study conditions using a 2 × 2 factorial design crossing drug administration (received 2...
October 2017: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021120/characteristics-of-pregnant-women-who-reported-alcohol-use-at-admission-to-substance-use-treatment
#20
Yukiko Washio, Caitlin E Martin, Neal D Goldstein, Mishka Terplan
OBJECTIVES: The current study analyzed the sociodemographic, treatment-related, and other substance use characteristics among pregnant women who reported alcohol use and were admitted to substance use treatment for the first time. METHODS: The Treatment Episode Data Set-Admission (TEDS-A) between 1992 and 2012 was used for conducting a cross-sectional study. RESULTS: Among pregnant women admitted to substance use treatment for the first time (N=166,863), 43...
November 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
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