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Marijuana use in women

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640680/polysubstance-use-among-us-women-of-reproductive-age-who-use-opioids-for-nonmedical-reasons
#1
Marian Jarlenski, Colleen L Barry, Sarah Gollust, Amy J Graves, Alene Kennedy-Hendricks, Katy Kozhimannil
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence and patterns of polysubstance use among US reproductive-aged women who use opioids for nonmedical purposes. METHODS: We used the National Survey of Drug Use and Health (2005-2014) data on female respondents aged 18 to 44 years reporting nonmedical opioid use in the past 30 days (unweighted n = 4498). We categorized patterns of polysubstance use in the past 30 days, including cigarettes, binge drinking, and other legal and illicit substances and reported prevalence adjusted for age, race/ethnicity, and educational attainment...
June 22, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619859/criminal-charges-for-child-harm-from-substance-use-in-pregnancy
#2
Cara Angelotta, Paul S Appelbaum
Despite the opposition of medical and public health professionals, several state legislatures are considering laws that permit child abuse charges for substance use during pregnancy. We reviewed legal decisions regarding women charged with a crime against a fetus or child as a result of substance use during pregnancy. We identified 24 judicial opinions published between 1977 and 2015 in cases involving 29 women prosecuted in 19 states. Charges included child endangerment, child abuse, drug delivery, attempted aggravated child abuse, chemical endangerment of a child, child neglect, child mistreatment, homicide, manslaughter, and reckless injury to a child...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615948/marijuana-use-recent-marijuana-initiation-and-progression-to-marijuana-use-disorder-among-young-male-and-female-adolescents-aged-12-14-living-in-us-households
#3
Valerie L Forman-Hoffman, Cristie Glasheen, Kathryn R Batts
Marijuana initiation during adolescence, and early adolescence in particular, is associated with adverse health consequences. Our study used 2005-2014 data from the annual, cross-sectional National Survey on Drug Use and Health to study the prevalence and correlates of marijuana initiation, use, and marijuana use disorder (MUD; abuse or dependence) among 12- to 14-year olds living in civilian US households (n = 84 954). Examined correlates included age, sex, race/ethnicity, poverty status, metropolitan status, year of survey, depression, tobacco use, alcohol use, and fighting at school...
2017: Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599743/pharmacologic-implications-of-marijuana-use-during-pregnancy
#4
Heidi Collins Fantasia
Marijuana is the most commonly used recreational drug in the United States, including among women of childbearing age and women who are pregnant. Changing legal statutes that allow for the use of medical marijuana and the decriminalization of marijuana for personal use reflect more permissive societal views on the use of this drug. Active compounds in marijuana cross the placenta rapidly and are excreted in breast milk. Results of studies of the effects of marijuana on a developing fetus and neonate are conflicting, but researchers have identified chronic marijuana exposure as a risk factor for preterm birth and small-for-gestational-age infants...
June 2017: Nursing for Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599742/assessing-marijuana-use-during-pregnancy
#5
Allyssa L Harris, Chiamaka S Okorie
Recreational and medicinal marijuana uses have become more prevalent in recent years. Women's health nurses are increasingly likely to encounter pregnant women who use or have used marijuana. Research has found that inadequate screening for substance use, inadequate knowledge about the effects of marijuana use, and punitive counseling are barriers to women's understanding of the importance of seeking treatment for substance use. Provision of evidence-based counseling, education, and resources support women and strengthen the patient-provider relationship...
June 2017: Nursing for Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599211/marijuana-and-tobacco-co-use-among-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-us-pregnant-and-non-pregnant-women-2005-2014-national-survey-on-drug-use-and-health-findings
#6
Victoria H Coleman-Cowger, Gillian L Schauer, Erica N Peters
BACKGROUND: Marijuana and tobacco are the most commonly used illicit and licit drugs during pregnancy. This study aimed to examine a nationally representative sample of US pregnant women and to: (1) determine the prevalence of past month marijuana and tobacco co-use, (2) identify characteristics that distinguish marijuana and tobacco co-users from users of marijuana only, tobacco only, or neither, and (3) compare characteristics that differ between pregnant and non-pregnant co-users of marijuana and tobacco...
May 24, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589340/cigarette-smoking-among-women-who-are-homeless-or-unstably-housed-examining-the-role-of-food-insecurity
#7
Jin E Kim, Annesa Flentje, Janice Y Tsoh, Elise D Riley
Smoking prevalence remains high among individuals who are homeless, partly due to stressors related to homelessness. Beyond housing insecurity, homelessness involves financial stresses and unmet subsistence needs. In particular, food insecurity contributes to negative health outcomes and other health risks. This study examined associations between food insecurity severity and smoking among homeless and marginally housed women in San Francisco, California. We used data from 247 women from a longitudinal cohort study...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578174/maternal-marijuana-use-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-and-neonatal-morbidity
#8
Torri D Metz, Amanda A Allshouse, Carol J Rowland Hogue, Robert L Goldenberg, Donald J Dudley, Michael W Varner, Deborah L Conway, George R Saade, Robert M Silver
BACKGROUND: The Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Stillbirth Collaborative Research Network previously demonstrated an association between stillbirth and maternal marijuana use as defined by the presence of tetrahydrocannabinol in the umbilical cord homogenate. However, the relationship between marijuana use and perinatal complications in live births is uncertain. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to examine if maternal marijuana use is associated with increased odds of adverse pregnancy outcomes and neonatal morbidity among live-born controls in the Stillbirth Collaborative Research Network cohort...
May 31, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560499/the-impact-of-substance-use-on-adherence-to-antiretroviral-therapy-among-hiv-infected-women-in-the-united-states
#9
Yuehan Zhang, Tracey E Wilson, Adebola Adedimeji, Daniel Merenstein, Joel Milam, Jennifer Cohen, Mardge Cohen, Elizabeth T Golub
Research is scant regarding differential effects of specific types of recreational drugs use on antiretroviral therapy adherence among women, particularly to single-tablet regimens (STR). This is increasingly important in the context of marijuana legalization. We examined the effects of self-reported substance use on suboptimal (<95%) adherence in the Women's Interagency HIV Study, 2003-2014. Among 1799 HIV-infected women, the most prevalent substance used was marijuana. In multivariable Poisson GEE regression, substance use overall was significantly associated with suboptimal adherence (adjusted prevalence ratio, aPR = 1...
May 30, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558858/adolescents-from-upper-middle-class-communities-substance-misuse-and-addiction-across-early-adulthood
#10
Suniya S Luthar, Phillip J Small, Lucia Ciciolla
In this prospective study of upper middle class youth, we document frequency of alcohol and drug use, as well as diagnoses of abuse and dependence, during early adulthood. Two cohorts were assessed as high school seniors and then annually across 4 college years (New England Study of Suburban Youth younger cohort [NESSY-Y]), and across ages 23-27 (NESSY older cohort [NESSY-O]; ns = 152 and 183 at final assessments, respectively). Across gender and annual assessments, results showed substantial elevations, relative to norms, for frequency of drunkenness and using marijuana, stimulants, and cocaine...
May 31, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528115/alcohol-and-other-substance-use-after-bariatric-surgery-prospective-evidence-from-a-u-s-multicenter-cohort-study
#11
Wendy C King, Jia-Yuh Chen, Anita P Courcoulas, Gregory F Dakin, Scott G Engel, David R Flum, Marcelo W Hinojosa, Melissa A Kalarchian, Samer G Mattar, James E Mitchell, Alfons Pomp, Walter J Pories, Kristine J Steffen, Gretchen E White, Bruce M Wolfe, Susan Z Yanovski
BACKGROUND: Empirical evidence suggests Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) increases risk of developing alcohol use disorder (AUD). However, prospective assessment of substance use disorders (SUD) after bariatric surgery is limited. OBJECTIVE: To report SUD-related outcomes after RYGB and laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB). To identify factors associated with incident SUD-related outcomes. SETTING: 10 U.S. hospitals METHODS: The Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery-2 is a prospective cohort study...
March 31, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508675/serious-mental-illness-among-young-adult-women-who-use-drugs-in-the-club-scene-co-occurring-biopsychosocial-factors
#12
Maayan Lawental, Hilary L Surratt, Mance E Buttram, Steven P Kurtz
Young women who regularly attend nightclubs are at risk for numerous health and social consequences, including mental distress, sexual and physical victimization and substance dependence. This paper uses a biopsychosocial framework to examine co-occurring mental health problems, victimization, substance dependence, sexual risk and physical pain among a sample of young women who use drugs (N = 222) in Miami's club scene. The majority of women were under 24 years old, Hispanic, and identified as heterosexual...
May 16, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441090/religious-involvement-and-marijuana-use-among-a-sample-of-african-american-young-adults
#13
Michael Parrish, John Taylor
Is religiosity associated with African American drug use? Despite the increased research attention that has been devoted to the topic, findings to date have been inconclusive. To address this issue, we analyze data from a sample of 434 young adults residing in Miami-Dade County Florida. We find that, of the four dimensions of religiosity considered here, only religious attendance is inversely related to marijuana use for men and women. The implications of these findings are discussed.
April 25, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422803/marijuana-use-and-self-reported-quality-of-eyesight
#14
Obinna F Akano
PURPOSE: There is increasing use of marijuana among young adults and more states in the United States are legalizing medical marijuana use. A number of studies have revealed both the beneficial and harmful effects of marijuana to the human system. Despite some beneficial effects, studies have shown marijuana to have a lot of deleterious effects on the visual system, which subsequently reduces the quality of eyesight. The aim of this study was to investigate if heavy marijuana smoking is associated with a poor quality of eyesight compared with light/no use of marijuana...
May 2017: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408072/nonmedical-use-of-prescription-opioids-among-pregnant-u-s-women
#15
Katy B Kozhimannil, Amy J Graves, Robert Levy, Stephen W Patrick
OBJECTIVES: Nonmedical use of opioids during pregnancy is associated with adverse outcomes for women and infants, making it a prominent target for prevention and identification. Using a nationally representative sample, we determined characteristics of U.S. pregnant women who reported prescription opioid misuse in the past year or during the past month. METHODS: We used data from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (2005-2014) in a retrospective analysis...
May 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370603/the-feasibility-and-acceptability-of-a-population-level-antenatal-risk-factor-survey-cross-sectional-pilot-study
#16
Anna Mh Price, Hannah E Bryson, Fiona Mensah, Lynn Kemp, Lara Bishop, Sharon Goldfeld
AIM: Australian data on the prevalence and distribution of antenatal risk factors are scarce. This study aimed to investigate (i) the feasibility and acceptability of an antenatal risk factor survey collected in public settings and (ii) whether the survey risk factors co-occur with more sensitive risk factors that are privately asked by clinicians. METHODS: Design and setting: study-designed survey linked with clinician-collected risk factors. PARTICIPANTS: pregnant women attending antenatal clinics at two Victorian hospitals...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319813/the-clinical-implications-of-legalizing-marijuana-are-physician-and-non-physician-providers-prepared
#17
Elizabeth Brooks, Doris C Gundersen, Erin Flynn, Ashley Brooks-Russell, Sheana Bull
INTRODUCTION: Passage of voter-driven marijuana reform laws signals a shift in public attitudes for marijuana use. For providers, legalization may necessitate practice modifications, particularly regarding patient-provider conversations about use and risk. We examined healthcare providers' knowledge of marijuana laws and health implications, professional practice behaviors, and attitudes about training. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We surveyed 114 Colorado-based providers who care for children, adolescents, pregnant and breastfeeding women using a Venue-Day-Time survey methodology throughout Colorado...
March 10, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285434/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-hazardous-alcohol-use-among-persons-living-with-hiv-across-the-us-in-the-current-era-of-antiretroviral-treatment
#18
Heidi M Crane, Mary E McCaul, Geetanjali Chander, Heidi Hutton, Robin M Nance, Joseph A C Delaney, Joseph O Merrill, Bryan Lau, Kenneth H Mayer, Michael J Mugavero, Matthew Mimiaga, James H Willig, Greer A Burkholder, Daniel R Drozd, Rob J Fredericksen, Karen Cropsey, Richard D Moore, Jane M Simoni, W Christopher Mathews, Joseph J Eron, Sonia Napravnik, Katerina Christopoulos, Elvin Geng, Michael S Saag, Mari M Kitahata
Hazardous alcohol use is associated with detrimental health outcomes among persons living with HIV (PLWH). We examined the prevalence and factors associated with hazardous alcohol use in the current era using several hazardous drinking definitions and binge drinking defined as ≥5 drinks for men versus ≥4 for women. We included 8567 PLWH from 7 U.S. sites from 2013 to 2015. Current hazardous alcohol use was reported by 27% and 34% reported binge drinking. In adjusted analyses, current and past cocaine/crack (odd ratio [OR] 4...
March 11, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242592/perceptions-of-menthol-cigarettes-among-twitter-users-content-and-sentiment-analysis
#19
Shyanika W Rose, Catherine L Jo, Steven Binns, Melissa Buenger, Sherry Emery, Kurt M Ribisl
BACKGROUND: Menthol cigarettes are used disproportionately by African American, female, and adolescent smokers. Twitter is also used disproportionately by minority and younger populations, providing a unique window into conversations reflecting social norms, behavioral intentions, and sentiment toward menthol cigarettes. OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to identify the content and frequency of conversations about menthol cigarettes, including themes, populations, user smoking status, other tobacco or substances, tweet characteristics, and sentiment...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146047/similarities-and-differences-matter-considering-the-influence-of-gender-on-hiv-prevention-programs-for-young-adults-in-an-urban-hbcu
#20
Ian Lindong, Lorece Edwards, Sabriya Dennis, Olaoluwa Fajobi
Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) disproportionately burdens African American youth and young adults. In studies conducted in Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCU) settings, African American youth generally perceive themselves as having a low risk of contracting HIV and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) despite having higher rates of unprotected sexual encounters, multiple sex partners, and particularly low rates of HIV testing and awareness of HIV status...
January 29, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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